|• President||Gérard Vandenbroucke (PS)|
|• Total||16,942 km2 (6,541 sq mi)|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||FR-L|
|GDP (2012)||Ranked 21st|
|Total||€17.3 billion (US$24.2 bn)|
|Per capita||€24,354 (US$34,076)|
|Website||(in French) cr-limousin.fr|
Limousin (French: [limuzɛ̃] (
Situated mostly in the west side of south-central French Massif Central, Limousin had (in 2010) 742,770 inhabitants 17,000 km2 (6,600 square miles), making it the least populated region of metropolitan France.spread out on nearly
Forming part of the southwest of the country, Limousin is bordered by the regions of Centre-Val de Loire to the north, Auvergne to the east, Midi-Pyrénées to the south, Aquitaine to the southwest, and Poitou-Charentes to the west. Limousin is also part of the larger historical Occitania region.
The modern region of Limousin is essentially composed of two historical French provinces:
Beside these two main provinces, Limousin is also composed of small parts of other former provinces:
Today the province of Limousin is the most populous part of the Limousin region. Limoges, the historical capital and largest city of the province of Limousin, is the capital of the Limousin administrative region.
With a slowly rising population of just under 750,000, Limousin is the second-least populous region in Metropolitan France after Corsica.[ citation needed ]
The population of Limousin is aging and, until 1999, was declining. The department of Creuse has the oldest population of any in France. Between 1999 and 2004 the population of Limousin increased slightly, reversing a decline for the first time in decades.
Limousin is an essentially rural region. Famed for some of the best beef farming in the world, herds of Limousin cattle—a distinctive chestnut red—are a common sight in the region. The region is also a major timber producing area.
Due to its rural locality, it is also famed for its groves of French Oak, so prized for its distinct characters and flavors in wine fermentation that vintner Rémy Martin has exclusive rights to its oak groves. It is a partnership that is over 100 years old.
The regional capital, Limoges, was once an industrial power base, world-renowned for its porcelain and still a leader and innovator in electric equipment factories (which originally used porcelain as an insulator). However, large factories are now few in number. Limousin is the poorest region in Metropolitan France; only the overseas collectivities have a lower GDP per capita.
Some of the rivers belonging to the Loire basin run through the north, west and east of the region, waterways belonging to that of the Dordogne through the south. The region is crossed by three major rivers: the Vienne, the Dordogne and the Charente (which has its source in Haute-Vienne). The region is well known for the high quality of its water and for offering first-rate fishing.
The Limousin region is almost entirely an upland area. The lowest land is in the northwest of the region (approximately 250 m or 800 feet above sea level) and the highest land is roughly in the southeast (approximately 1,000 m or 3,300 feet above sea level). However, the greater part of the region is above 350 m or 1,150 feet.
Limousin is one of the traditional provinces of France. Its name derives from that of a Celtic tribe, the Lemovices, who had their capital at Saint-Denis-des-Murs and whose main sanctuary was recently[ when? ] found in Tintignac, a site which became a major site for Celtic studies thanks to unique objects which were found - such as the carnyces, unique in the whole Celtic world.
Viscount Aimar V of Limoges (c. 1135 – c. 1199) was a notable ruler of the region.
Until the 1970s, Occitan was the primary language of rural areas. There remain several different Occitan dialects in use in Limousin, although their use is rapidly declining. These are:
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(February 2013)
Pâté aux pommes de terre is one of the specialties of Limousin, as well as of the neighbouring department of Allier. Clafoutis is a local dessert.
Perhaps due to its rural character, Limousin has maintained a strong tradition of traditional music, with ancient instruments such as the bagpipe (called chabrette, Chabreta in occitan) and hurdy-gurdy remaining popular.
Charente is a department in western France, north half of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. It is named after the Charente River, the most important river in the department, and also the river beside which the department's two largest towns, Angoulême and Cognac, are sited.
Creuse is a department in central France named after the river Creuse.
Haute-Vienne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France. Named after the Vienne River, it is one of the twelve departments that together constitute Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The neighbouring departments are Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne and Indre.
Châlus is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France.
Poitou-Charentes is a former administrative region on the west coast of France. It is part of the new region Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It comprises four departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Deux-Sèvres and Vienne. Historical provinces are Angoumois, Aunis, Saintonge and Poitou.
The Vienne is a major river in south-western France. It is 363 km (226 mi) long. It is a significant left tributary of the lower Loire. It supports numerous hydro-electric dams, and it is the main river of the northern part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.
Limousin is a dialect of the Occitan language, spoken in the three departments of Limousin, parts of Charente and the Dordogne in the southwest of France.
Saint Martial may refer to:
The history of Limousin, one of the traditional provinces of France, reaches back to Celtic and Roman times. The region surrounds the city of Limoges. Limousin in the foothills of the western edge of the Massif Central, with cold weather in the winter. Its name is derived from the name of a Celtic tribe, the Lemovices whose main sanctuary was recently found in Tintignac and became a major site for Celtic study which were found such as the carnyces in the whole Celtic world During the 10th century, Limousin was divided into many seigneuries; the most important of them, located in the southern part of the region, were the vicomtés of Limoges, Comborn, Ventadour, and Turenne. The northernmost part of Limousin belonged to the County of La Marche, while the bishops of Limoges controlled most of present-day Haute-Vienne. Such political fragmentation led to the construction of many castles, whose ruins still evoke memories of that historical period.
The Plateau de Millevaches is an upland area in Limousin a former administrative region of France. It covers approximately 3,500 km² and crosses the boundaries of three French departments: Corrèze, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne.
This gallery of French coats of arms shows the coats of arms of the Provinces, Régions, and Départements of France, and of certain French cities. They are used to visually identify historical and present-day regions, as well as cities, within France.
France 3 Limousin Poitou-Charentes is a former regional television service and part of the France 3 network. Serving the Limousin and Poitou-Charentes regions from its headquarters in Limoges, secondary production centre in Poitiers and newsrooms in La Rochelle and Brive-la-Gaillarde, France 3 Limousin Poitou-Charentes produces regional news, sport, features and entertainment programming.
The Auvézère is a 112 km long river in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. It is a tributary of the river Isle, which is itself a tributary of the Dordogne.
Lesterps is a commune in the Charente department in southwestern France.
Millevaches is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.
Champsac is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France, sitting near to both the Dordogne and Charente borders.
Maisonnais-sur-Tardoire is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in west-central France.
Le Dorat is a commune in the Haute-Vienne department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in western France. It is considered to be the traditional capital of the Basse Marche. Inhabitants are known as Dorachons. Some say that Le Dorat owes its name to the gilded angel located at the summit of the "Lou Dora" bell tower.
The Croissant is a linguistic transitional zone between the Langue d'oc dialects and the Langue d'oïl dialects, situated in the centre of France where Occitan dialects are spoken that have transitional traits toward French. The name derives from the contours of the zone that resemble a crescent shape.
Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French Regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 1⁄8 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants .. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.