Limousin

Last updated
Limousin
Lemosin  (Occitan)
Limousin flag.svg
BlasonLimousin.svg
Limousin in France.svg
Coordinates: 45°41′17″N1°37′14″E / 45.68795°N 1.620483°E / 45.68795; 1.620483 Coordinates: 45°41′17″N1°37′14″E / 45.68795°N 1.620483°E / 45.68795; 1.620483
CountryFlag of France.svg France
Dissolved2016-01-01
Prefecture Limoges
Departments
Government
   President Gérard Vandenbroucke (PS)
Area
INSEE
  Total16,942 km2 (6,541 sq mi)
Population
 (2010-01-01) [1]
  Total742,770
  Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code FR-L
GDP  (2012) [2] Ranked 21st
Total€17.3 billion (US$24.2 bn)
Per capita€24,354 (US$34,076)
NUTS Region FR6
Website(in French) cr-limousin.fr

Limousin (French pronunciation:  [limuzɛ̃] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Occitan : Lemosin [lemuˈzi] ) is a former administrative region of southwest-central France. On 1 January 2016, it became part of the new administrative region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. [3] It comprised three departments: Corrèze, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne.

Contents

Situated mostly in the west side of south-central French Massif Central, Limousin had (in 2010) 742,770 inhabitants [1] spread out on nearly 17,000 km2 (6,600 square miles), making it the least populated region of metropolitan France.

Forming part of the southwest of the country, Limousin is bordered by the regions of Centre-Val de Loire to the north, Auvergne to the east, Midi-Pyrénées to the south, Aquitaine to the southwest, and Poitou-Charentes to the west. Limousin is also part of the larger historical Occitania region.

Population

The population of Limousin is aging and, until 1999, was declining. The department of Creuse has the oldest population of any in France. Between 1999 and 2004 the population of Limousin increased slightly, reversing a decline for the first time in decades. [4]

Major communities

Limoges, half-timbered house by the bridge Saint Martial Limoges half-timbered house.JPG
Limoges, half-timbered house by the bridge Saint Martial
Small river in Creuse, Limousin Ruisseau du Langladure au Moulin.jpg
Small river in Creuse, Limousin

History

Coat of Arms of Limousin BlasonLimousin.svg
Coat of Arms of Limousin

Limousin is one of the traditional provinces of France. Its name derives from that of a Celtic tribe, the Lemovices, who had their capital at Saint-Denis-des-Murs and whose main sanctuary was recently[ when? ] found in Tintignac, a site which became a major site for Celtic studies thanks to unique objects which were found – such as the carnyces, unique in the whole Celtic world. [5]

Viscount Aimar V of Limoges (c. 1135c. 1199) was a notable ruler of the region.

Language

Until the 1970s, Occitan was the primary language of rural areas. There remain several different Occitan dialects in use in Limousin, although their use is rapidly declining. These are:

Transportation

Notable residents

From Corrèze

From Creuse

From Haute-Vienne

See also

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 INSEE, 2010 census results
  2. INSEE. "Produits intérieurs bruts régionaux et valeurs ajoutées régionales de 1990 à 2012" . Retrieved 2014-03-04.
  3. Loi n° 2015-29 du 16 janvier 2015 relative à la délimitation des régions, aux élections régionales et départementales et modifiant le calendrier électoral (in French)
  4. Yann Leurs, Recensement : rebond démographique confirmé, INSEE, 2006, see online
  5. Official website of Tintignac-Naves

Related Research Articles

Occitan language Romance language of Western Europe

Occitan, also known as lenga d'òc by its native speakers, is a Romance language spoken in Southern France, Monaco, Italy's Occitan Valleys, as well as Spain's Val d'Aran; collectively, these regions are sometimes referred to as Occitania. It is also spoken in Southern Italy (Calabria) in a linguistic enclave of Cosenza area. Some include Catalan in Occitan, as the distance between this language and some Occitan dialects is similar to the distance among different Occitan dialects. Catalan was considered a dialect of Occitan until the end of the 19th century and still today remains its closest relative.

Aquitaine Region of France

Aquitaine, archaic Guyenne or Guienne, is a historical region of southwestern France and a former administrative region of the country. Since 1 January 2016 it has been part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is situated in the southwest corner of Metropolitan France, along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain, and for most of its written history Bordeaux has been a vital port and administrative center. It is composed of the five departments of Dordogne, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Landes and Gironde. Gallia Aquitania was established by the Romans in ancient times and in the Middle Ages, Aquitaine was a kingdom and a duchy, whose boundaries fluctuated considerably.

Corrèze Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Corrèze is a department in France, named after the river Corrèze which runs through it. Although its prefecture is Tulle, its most populated city is Brive-la-Gaillarde. Corrèze is located in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region, on the border with Occitania and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

Creuse Department of France

Creuse is a department in central France named after the river Creuse. After Lozère, it is the second least populated department in France. It is bordered by Indre and Cher to the north, Allier and Puy-de-Dôme to the east, Corrèze to the south, and Haute-Vienne to the west.

Haute-Vienne Department of France in Nouvelle-Aquitaine

Haute-Vienne is a department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in southwest-central France. Named after the Vienne River, it is one of the twelve departments that together constitute Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The neighbouring departments are Creuse, Corrèze, Dordogne, Charente, Vienne and Indre.

Poitou-Charentes Region of France

Poitou-Charentes is a former administrative region on the southwest coast of France. It is part of the new region Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It comprises four departments: Charente, Charente-Maritime, Deux-Sèvres and Vienne. Historical provinces are Angoumois, Aunis, Saintonge and Poitou.

Midi-Pyrénées Region of France

Midi-Pyrénées is a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region Occitanie. It was the largest region of Metropolitan France by area, larger than the Netherlands or Denmark.

Vienne (river)

The Vienne is a major river in south-western France. It is 363 km (226 mi) long. It is a significant left tributary of the lower Loire. It supports numerous hydroelectric dams, and it is the main river of the northern part of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

Languedocien, Languedocian or Lengadocian, is an Occitan dialect spoken in rural parts of southern France such as Languedoc, Rouergue, Quercy, Agenais and Southern Périgord. It is sometimes also called Languedocien-Guyennais. Due to its central position among the dialects of Occitan, it is often used as a basis for a Standard Occitan.

History of Limousin

The history of Limousin, one of the traditional provinces of France, reaches back to Celtic and Roman times. The region surrounds the city of Limoges. Limousin is located in the foothills of the western edge of the Massif Central, with cold weather in the winter. Its name is derived from the name of a Celtic tribe, the Lemovices, whose main sanctuary was recently found in Tintignac and became a major site for Celtic study which were found such as the carnyces in the whole Celtic world.

Naves, Corrèze Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Naves is a commune in the Corrèze department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region in central France.

Seilhac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Seilhac is a commune in the Corrèze department in central France in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region.

Croissant (linguistic zone) Crescent-shaped linguistic zone in France

The Croissant is a linguistic transitional zone between the Langue d'oc dialects and the Langue d'oïl dialects, situated in the centre of France where Occitan dialects are spoken that have transitional traits toward French. The name derives from the contours of the zone that resemble a croissant, or crescent.

Chabrette

The chabrette or chabrette limousine is a type of bagpipe native to the Limousin region of central France.

Limousin (province)

Limousin is a former province of the Kingdom of France. It existed from 1589 until 1790, when the National Constituent Assembly adopted a more uniform division into departments (départements) and districts (arrondissements). It is located in the foothills of the western edge of the Massif Central and surrounds the city of Limoges.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine or New Aquitaine, is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 18 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

Occitania (administrative region) Administrative region of France

Occitania is the southernmost administrative region of metropolitan France excluding Corsica, created on 1 January 2016 from the former regions of Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées. The Council of State approved Occitanie as the new name of the region on 28 September 2016, coming into effect on 30 September 2016.

French Great South-West

The French Great South-West is a geographical, sociological, economic and cultural entity bringing together the administrative regions of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and Occitanie, resulting from the merger on January 1, 2016, of five previous regions; in these two regions combined, it covers 156,000 km2, or 29% of the territory of metropolitan France. It is a grouping devoid of its own political or administrative structures, set up, with the objective of an interregional reflection on spatial planning at the level of new European issues, at the initiative of the Interministerial Delegation at territory planning and regional attractiveness.

Marchois (dialect) Occitan dialect

Marchois or Marchese is a transitional Occitan dialect between Occitan language and Oïl languages spoken in the historical region of La Marche, in northern Limousin and its region. Occitan and Oïl dialects meet there,.

Regional Council of Nouvelle-Aquitaine

The Regional Council of Nouvelle-Aquitaine is the deliberative assembly of the French region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. The regional council is made up of 183 regional councilors elected for 6 years and is chaired by Alain Rousset.