Lin-Manuel Miranda

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Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Miranda at the 2019 San Diego Comic-Con
Born (1980-01-16) January 16, 1980 (age 39)
Alma mater Wesleyan University
Occupation
  • Composer
  • lyricist
  • rapper
  • singer
  • actor
  • playwright
  • producer
Years active2005–present
Spouse(s)
Vanessa Nadal(m. 2010)
Children2
Relatives René "Residente" Pérez (cousin)
Awards Full list
Website www.linmanuel.com

Lin-Manuel Miranda ( /lɪnmænˈwɛlməˈrændə/ ; born January 16, 1980) [1] is an American composer, lyricist, rapper, singer, actor, playwright and producer, widely known for creating and starring in the Broadway musicals In the Heights and Hamilton . His awards include a Pulitzer Prize, three Tony Awards, three Grammy Awards, an Emmy Award, a MacArthur Fellowship, and a Kennedy Center Honor in 2018.

Broadway theatre class of professional theater presented in New York City, New York, USA

Broadway theatre, also known simply as Broadway, refers to the theatrical performances presented in the 41 professional theatres, each with 500 or more seats located in the Theater District and Lincoln Center along Broadway, in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Along with London's West End theatre, Broadway theatre is widely considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world.

<i>In the Heights</i> musical by Lin-Manuel Miranda and Quiara Alegría Hudes

In the Heights is a musical with music and lyrics by Lin-Manuel Miranda and a book by Quiara Alegría Hudes. The story is set over the course of three days, involving characters in the largely Hispanic-American neighborhood of Washington Heights in New York City.

<i>Hamilton</i> (musical) 2015 musical by Lin-Manuel Miranda about Alexander Hamilton

Hamilton: An American Musical is a sung-and-rapped through musical about the life of American Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, with music, lyrics and book by Lin-Manuel Miranda, inspired by the 2004 biography Alexander Hamilton by historian Ron Chernow. Incorporating hip hop, R&B, pop, soul, traditional-style show tunes, and color-conscious casting of non-white actors as the Founding Fathers and other historical figures, the musical achieved both critical acclaim and box office success.

Contents

Miranda wrote the music and lyrics for the 2008 Broadway musical In the Heights. His work won the Tony Award for Best Original Score, [2] the show's cast album won the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, [3] and the show won the Tony Award for Best Musical. Miranda was also nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical for his lead role. He gained wider recognition for writing the book, music and lyrics for Hamilton, which has been acclaimed as a pop culture phenomenon since its Broadway premiere in 2015. [4] The show earned the Pulitzer Prize for Drama, the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album, and was nominated for a record-setting 16 Tony Awards, of which it won 11, including Best Musical, Best Original Score and Best Book. For portraying the titular role, Miranda was nominated for another Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. The Hamilton cast recording spent ten weeks atop Billboard 's Top Rap Albums chart in 2015, while The Hamilton Mixtape , an album of covers of songs from the musical, developed by and featuring Miranda, reached number one on the Billboard 200.

The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the composers and lyricists of the best original score written for a musical or play in that year. The score consists of music and lyrics. To be eligible, a score must be written specifically for the theatre and must be original; compilations of non-theatrical music or compilations of earlier theatrical music are not eligible for consideration.

The Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album has been awarded since 1959. The award was given only to the album producer, and to the composer and lyricist who wrote at least 51% of the music which had not been recorded previously.

The Tony Award for Best Musical is given annually to the best new Broadway musical, as determined by Tony Award voters. The award is one of the ceremony's longest-standing awards, having been presented each year since 1949. The award goes to the producers of the winning musical. A musical is eligible for consideration in a given year if it has not previously been produced on Broadway and is not "determined... to be a 'classic' or in the historical or popular repertoire", otherwise it may be considered for Best Revival of a Musical.

Miranda's television work includes recurring roles on The Electric Company (2009–2010) and Do No Harm (2013). He hosted Saturday Night Live for the first time in 2016 and earned his first Emmy award nomination for acting. Among other film work, Miranda contributed music and vocals for a scene in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015); wrote music and songs in the animated musical Moana (2016), which gained him nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song and the Academy Award for Best Original Song, for the song "How Far I'll Go"; and starred as Jack in the musical fantasy Mary Poppins Returns (2018), for which he was nominated for a Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy.

<i>The Electric Company</i> (2009 TV series)

The Electric Company is an American television series for young children ages 6 to 10 on PBS, derived from the 1971 series, and which has the same Alphakids from that series. Like the original, this version was produced by Sesame Workshop. The series ran on PBS Kids from January 23, 2009 to April 4, 2011. A fourth season was planned, but the show was canceled before it went into production. Subsequent showings were reruns. The series was sometimes referred to as The New Electric Company to distinguish it from the 1970s series.

<i>Do No Harm</i> (TV series) television series

Do No Harm is an American drama that aired from January 31 through September 7, 2013, on NBC. The network placed a series order in May 2012. On November 12, 2012, NBC reduced its episode order for the series from 13 to 12 episodes, due to scheduling conflicts.

<i>Saturday Night Live</i> American late-night live television sketch comedy show

Saturday Night Live is an American late-night live television variety show created by Lorne Michaels and developed by Dick Ebersol. The show premiered on NBC on October 11, 1975, under the original title NBC's Saturday Night. The show's comedy sketches, which often parody contemporary culture and politics, are performed by a large and varying cast of repertory and newer cast members. Each episode is hosted by a celebrity guest, who usually delivers the opening monologue and performs in sketches with the cast as with featured performances by a musical guest. An episode normally begins with a cold open sketch that ends with someone breaking character and proclaiming, "Live from New York, it's Saturday Night!", properly beginning the show.

Miranda has been politically active, most notably on behalf of Puerto Rico. [5] He met with politicians in 2016 to speak out in favor of debt relief for Puerto Rico, [5] and raised funds for rescue efforts and disaster relief after Hurricane Maria struck the island in 2017. [6]

Puerto Rico Unincorporated territory of the United States

Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea, approximately 1,000 miles (1,600 km) southeast of Miami, Florida.

The Puerto Rican government-debt crisis is a financial crisis affecting the government of Puerto Rico. The crisis traces back its history to 1973 when the government began to spend more than it collected. To cover that imbalance, the government issued bonds rather than adjust its budget. That practice continued for four decades until 2014 when three major credit agencies downgraded several bonds issues by Puerto Rico to "junk status" after the government was unable to demonstrate that it would be able to pay its debt. The downgrading, in turn, prevented the government from selling more bonds in the open market. Unable to obtain the funding to cover its budget imbalance, the government began using its savings to pay its debt while warning that those savings would eventually be exhausted, rendering it unable to pay its debt. To prevent such a scenario, the United States Congress enacted a law known as PROMESA, which appointed an oversight board with ultimate control over the Commonwealth's budget. As the PROMESA board began to exert that control, the government sought to increase revenues and reduce its expenses by increasing taxes while curtailing public services and reducing workers' benefits. Those measures further compounded the crisis by provoking social distrust and unpleasantness in the general population. In August 2018, a debt investigation report of the Financial Oversight and Management Board for Puerto Rico reported the Commonwealth had $74 billion in bond debt and $49 billion in unfunded pension liabilities as of May 2017.

Hurricane Maria Category 5 Atlantic hurricane in 2017

Hurricane Maria was a deadly Category 5 hurricane that devastated Dominica, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico in September 2017. It is regarded as the worst natural disaster in recorded history to affect those islands and was also the deadliest Atlantic hurricane since Mitch in 1998. The tenth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record and the most intense tropical cyclone worldwide in 2017, Maria was the thirteenth named storm, eighth consecutive hurricane, fourth major hurricane, second Category 5 hurricane, and deadliest storm of the hyperactive 2017 Atlantic hurricane season. At its peak, the hurricane caused catastrophic destruction and numerous fatalities across the northeastern Caribbean, compounding recovery efforts in the areas of the Leeward Islands already struck by Hurricane Irma. Total losses from the hurricane are estimated at upwards of $91.61 billion, mostly in Puerto Rico, ranking it as the third-costliest tropical cyclone on record.

Early life

Miranda was born in New York City [1] and raised in the neighborhood of Inwood, the son of Dr. Luz Towns-Miranda, a clinical psychologist, and Luis A. Miranda, Jr., a Democratic Party consultant who advised New York City mayor Ed Koch. [7] [8] [9] Miranda has one older sister, Luz, who is the Chief Financial Officer of the MirRam Group. [10] During childhood and his teens, he spent at least one month each year with his grandparents in Vega Alta, Puerto Rico. [11] [12] He is of mostly Puerto Rican descent. His mother's ancestors include an interracial couple, Sophie, who was black, and David Towns, who was white; from the early 1800s, this couple spent their married life trying to outrun slavery as laws and governments changed around them. Ensuing branches of the Towns family primarily married Mexican spouses in Texas and Mexico, and Miranda, for his part, has described his ancestry as a quarter Mexican. [9] [13] [14] The name "Lin-Manuel" was inspired by a poem about the Vietnam War, Nana roja para mi hijo Lin Manuel, by the Puerto Rican writer José Manuel Torres Santiago. [15] [16]

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Inwood, Manhattan Neighborhood of Manhattan in New York City

Inwood is a neighborhood in the New York City borough of Manhattan, at the northern tip of Manhattan Island, in the U.S. state of New York. It is bounded by the Hudson River to the west, Spuyten Duyvil Creek and Marble Hill to the north, the Harlem River to the east, and Washington Heights to the south.

Ed Koch Former mayor of New York City

Edward Irving Koch was an American lawyer, politician, political commentator, movie critic and television personality. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1969 to 1977 and was mayor of New York City from 1978 to 1989.

As a child, Miranda wrote jingles, including one later used for Eliot Spitzer's 2006 gubernatorial campaign. He attended Hunter College Elementary School and Hunter College High School, [17] where his classmates included journalist Chris Hayes, who was Miranda's first director when the latter starred in a school play described by Hayes as "a 20-minute musical that featured a maniacal fetal pig in a nightmare that [Miranda] had cut up in biology class", [18] and rapper Immortal Technique, who bullied Miranda during high school, although the two later became friends. [19] [20]

Eliot Spitzer 54th Governor of New York

Eliot Laurence Spitzer is an American politician, attorney, and educator. A member of the Democratic Party, he served as the 54th Governor of New York.

Hunter College Elementary School is a New York City elementary school for intellectually gifted students, located on Manhattan's Upper East Side. It is administered by Hunter College, a senior college of the City University of New York or CUNY.

Hunter College High School

Hunter College High School is a secondary school located in the Carnegie Hill neighborhood on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. It is administered by Hunter College of the City University of New York (CUNY). Hunter is publicly funded, and there is no tuition fee. Enrollment is approximately 1200 students. According to the school, "students accepted to Hunter represent the top one-quarter of 1% of students in New York City, based on test scores."

As a student, Miranda wrote the earliest draft of In the Heights in 1999, his sophomore year of college at Wesleyan University. After the show was accepted by Wesleyan's student theater company, Second Stage, Miranda added freestyle rap and salsa numbers, and the show was premiered there in 1999. [12] Miranda wrote and directed several other musicals at Wesleyan, and acted in many other productions, ranging from musicals to Shakespeare. He graduated from Wesleyan in 2002. [12] [21]

Career

2002–10: In the Heights

In 2002, Miranda and John Buffalo Mailer worked with director Thomas Kail to revise In the Heights . [12] [7] Playwright Quiara Alegría Hudes joined the team in 2004. [22] After success off-Broadway, the musical went to Broadway, opening in March 2008. [12] It was nominated for 13 Tony Awards, winning four, including Best Musical and Best Original Score. [2] It also won the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theater Album. [3] Miranda's performance in the leading role of Usnavi earned him a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Musical. Miranda left the cast of the Broadway production on February 15, 2009. [23]

Miranda reprised the role when the national tour of In the Heights played in Los Angeles from June 23 to July 25, 2010. [24] [25] He again joined the tour in San Juan, Puerto Rico. [26] Miranda rejoined the Broadway cast as Usnavi from December 25, 2010 until the production closed on January 9, 2011, after 29 previews and 1,185 regular performances. [27]

Miranda performs "The Hamilton Mixtape" at the White House in 2009

Miranda created other work for the stage during this period. He wrote Spanish language dialogue and worked with Stephen Sondheim to translate into Spanish song lyrics for the 2009 Broadway revival of West Side Story . [28] [29] In 2008, he was invited by composer-lyricist Stephen Schwartz to contribute two new songs to a revised version of Schwartz and Nina Faso's 1978 musical Working , which opened in May 2008 at the Asolo Repertory Theatre in Sarasota, Florida. [30]

Miranda also did work for film and television. In 2007, he made a guest appearance on the television series The Sopranos in the episode "Remember When", [31] and in 2009, he played Alvie, Gregory House's roommate in a psychiatric hospital, in the two-hour season six premiere episode of House ; he returned to the role in May 2010. He also has done work for Sesame Street , playing occasional roles and singing the theme song to the recurring segment Murray Has a Little Lamb. [32] He was a composer and actor on the 2009 revival of The Electric Company [33] [34] and appeared in the CollegeHumor sketch "Hardly Working: Rap Battle", playing himself working as an intern and rapper. [35]

During these years, Miranda also worked as an English teacher at his former high school, wrote for the Manhattan Times as a columnist and restaurant reviewer, and composed music for commercials. [36]

In 2003, Mr. Miranda co-founded Freestyle Love Supreme [37] , a hip-hop improv group that has toured the Edinburgh Fringe Festival, as well as the Aspen, Melbourne and Montreal Comedy Festivals. The group created a limited television series for Pivot in 2014 [38] and will make its Broadway debut [39] in a self-titled show in the fall of 2019.

2011–14: Bring It On and television work

Bring It On

Miranda co-wrote the music and lyrics for Bring It On: The Musical with Tom Kitt and Amanda Green. Bring It On premiered at the Alliance Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia in January 2011. [40] The musical began a US national tour on October 30, 2011 in Los Angeles, California. [41] [42] It then played a limited engagement on Broadway at the St. James Theatre, beginning previews on July 12, and officially opening on August 1, 2012. It closed on December 30, 2012. It was nominated for Tony Awards in the categories of Best Musical and Best Choreography. [43]

Other theatrical work

In February 2012, Miranda appeared in Merrily We Roll Along , in the role of Charley, in an Encores! staged concert at New York City Center.

His theatrical achievements in 2014 included an Emmy Award for the song "Bigger!", which he and Kitt co-wrote for the opening number at the 67th Tony Awards. [44]

Miranda also wrote music and lyrics for the one-act musical 21 Chump Street , and performed as narrator for the show's single performance at the Brooklyn Academy of Music on June 7, 2014, which was broadcast on National Public Radio's This American Life on June 20, 2014. [45] Later that month, he starred in the June 2014 Encores! revival of Jonathan Larson's Tick, Tick... Boom! , under the artistic direction of Jeanine Tesori. The show was directed by Oliver Butler. [46]

Earlier in 2014, he guest starred in a show by comedy duo The Skivvies. [47]

Film and television appearances

Miranda appeared in a small role in the Walt Disney Pictures live-action film The Odd Life of Timothy Green (2012). [48] [49]

He also played several television roles during this period. He appeared on the TV series Modern Family in the 2011 episode "Good Cop Bad Dog". [50] In 2013, he played the recurring role of Ruben Marcado in the NBC drama Do No Harm . [51] He later appeared in the CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother , in an all-verse episode titled "Bedtime Stories" that aired in November 2013. [52]

Hamilton: An American Musical (2015)

Miranda in Hamilton, 2016 Lin-Manuel Miranda in Hamilton.jpg
Miranda in Hamilton, 2016

While on a vacation in 2008, Miranda read Ron Chernow's biography of Alexander Hamilton and, inspired by the book, wrote a rap about Hamilton that he performed for the White House Evening of Poetry, Music, and the Spoken Word, on May 12, 2009, accompanied by Alex Lacamoire. Miranda later said he spent a year writing the Hamilton song "My Shot", revising it countless times for every verse to reflect Alexander Hamilton's intellect. [53] [15] By 2012, Miranda was performing an extended set of pieces based on the life of Hamilton, which he then referred to as the Hamilton Mixtape; the New York Times called it "an obvious game changer". [54]

Hamilton: An American Musical premiered off-Broadway at The Public Theater in January 2015, directed by Thomas Kail. Miranda wrote the book and score, and starred as the title character. [55] [56] The show received highly positive reviews, [57] and its engagement was sold out. [58] Chernow and Miranda received the 2015 History Makers Award from the New York Historical Society for their work in creating the musical. [59] The show began previews on Broadway in July 2015 at the Richard Rodgers Theatre and officially opened on August 6, 2015, [60] earning positive reviews. [61] On the first night of Hamilton previews over 700 people lined up for lottery tickets. [62] The Hamilton ticket lottery evolved into Ham4Ham, a series of outdoor mini-performances for lottery participants that was hosted daily by Miranda and cast members for over a year, until August 31, 2016. [63] Miranda earns a 3% royalty on each performance of Hamilton, earning him $12.7 million by July 2017. [64] [65]

Miranda performs freestyle rap with President Barack Obama

On March 15, 2016, members of the cast of Hamilton performed at the White House and hosted workshops; Miranda performed freestyle rap from prompts held up by President Obama. [66]

In April 2016, Miranda and Jeremy McCarter published Hamilton: The Revolution, a book describing Hamilton's journey from conception to Broadway success and discussing the cultural revolution that permeates the show. [67]

In May 2016, for his work in the role of Alexander Hamilton, Miranda received the Drama League Distinguished Performance Award. [68] Miranda gave his last performance in Hamilton on July 9, 2016 [69] and vowed to return to the show. [70] Miranda reprised the role of Alexander Hamilton's role for a three-week run in Puerto Rico January 11–27, 2019, for which the engagement was sold out in three hours, November 2018. [71] In a review, Chris Jones praised "deeper on-stage emotions" on Miranda's reprisal, as well as improved vocal and dance technique than on Broadway. [72]

A documentary about the creation of the show, Hamilton's America, featuring Miranda, premiered at the New York Film Festival on October 1, 2016 and first aired on PBS' Great Performances series on October 21, 2016. [73] [74]

2015–present: Disney and post-Hamilton work

Disney projects

Miranda interviewed with Disney in the winter of 2013, and submitted a six-song demo package to Walt Disney Animation Studios. [75] This kicked off a series of collaborations with the studio:

  • Moana – In spring 2014, the studio hired Miranda to help write and perform music for Moana, its 2016 animated feature film. [75] [76] From 2014 to 2016, Miranda collaborated with Opetaia Foa'i and Mark Mancina on the songs for Moana. [77] He later explained that because he was so busy with Moana and Hamilton, he turned down other projects "that would have distracted" him, but this served as an "ego check" as Hamilton became a hit. [75] Moana opened in November 2016 and was a box office hit, earning positive reviews and praise from critics for Miranda's songwriting. [78] [79] [80] Miranda also sang the song "We Know the Way" in the film, and recorded a duet with Jordan Fisher of the song "You're Welcome", which was played over the film's end credits. [81] For the song "How Far I'll Go", Miranda received Golden Globe, Critics' Choice, Oscar, and Grammy Award nominations. [82] [83] [84] [85]
  • Star Wars: The Force Awakens – While working on Hamilton, Miranda contributed music for the Disney film Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015), writing a song for the scene in Maz Kanata's cantina, an homage to the classic Mos Eisley Cantina scene and song. [86]
  • DuckTales – Miranda debuted in May 2018 as the voice of Gizmoduck (a.k.a. Fenton Crackshell-Cabrera) in Disney Channel's 2017 reboot of DuckTales . [87]
  • Mary Poppins Returns – Miranda plays Jack, a lamplighter and former apprentice to Bert, the chimney sweep played by Dick Van Dyke in the original 1964 film Mary Poppins. This is his first major role after leaving the Broadway cast of Hamilton. Miranda traveled to London in 2017 to film the movie, [75] [88] directed by Rob Marshall, which was released in December 2018. [88] [89]

Theatre and television appearances

On January 24, 2016, Miranda performed the offstage cameo role of Loud Hailer in the Broadway production of Les Misérables , [90] fulfilling his childhood dream of being in the show, as it was the first production he ever saw on Broadway. [91]

On April 24, 2016, on the TV show Last Week Tonight with John Oliver , at the end of a segment about the debt crisis in Puerto Rico, Miranda performed an emotional rap about allowing the island to restructure its debt. [92]

Miranda hosted Saturday Night Live on October 8, 2016, and in July 2017, he received an Emmy Award nomination for the appearance. [93]

Miranda played himself in two episodes of Curb Your Enthusiasm in 2017.

Forthcoming projects

In August 2016, Miranda agreed to write songs with Alan Menken for Disney's forthcoming live-action remake of The Little Mermaid . [94] Miranda will also co-produce the film with Marc Platt. [94] As of 2018, no release date has been set, but Menken announced in July 2017 that he and Miranda had begun working on new songs for the project. [75] [95]

Miranda agreed in 2016 to serve as executive producer and composer of Lionsgate's film adaptation of The Kingkiller Chronicle by Patrick Rothfuss, as well as a tie-in television series. [96] [97]

Miranda will provide eleven new songs for Vivo, a Sony Pictures Animation film directed by Kirk DeMicco [98] set to be released on November 6, 2020. [99]

Imagine Entertainment announced in July 2018 that Miranda will make his debut as a film director with an adaptation of Jonathan Larson's semi-autobiographical musical Tick, Tick... Boom! , to be scripted by Dear Evan Hansen librettist Steven Levenson. [100] [101] Miranda will also produce the film alongside Ron Howard and Brian Grazer, [101] and will be released on Netflix. [102]

He will play Lee Scoresby in an upcoming adaptation of His Dark Materials . [103]

On July 29, 2019, it was announced that Miranda had teamed with legendary tv producer Norman Lear to make an American Masters documentary about the life of Puerto Rican actress Rita Moreno, tentatively titled "Rita Moreno: The Girl Who Decided to Go For It." [104]

Personal life

Family

Miranda married Vanessa Adriana Nadal, a high school friend, in 2010. [105] At the wedding reception, Miranda, along with the wedding party, performed the Fiddler on the Roof song "To Life"; [106] the video has been viewed more than six million times on YouTube. [107] Nadal was a lawyer at the law firm Jones Day. [108] Miranda and Nadal's first son, Sebastian, was born in November 2014. [109] On December 3, 2017, Miranda announced he and Nadal were expecting their second child. [110] Their second son, Francisco, was born in February 2018. [111]

Miranda discovered that he is related to artists Residente and ILE of Calle 13 during a 2009 concert by the group in San Juan, Puerto Rico, where Miranda was invited to perform. Backstage, the mother of Residente and ILE revealed their connection to Gilberto Concepción de Gracia, founder of the Puerto Rican Independence Party. [112] [113] [114] Miranda and Residente have since confirmed the relationship. [115] [116] [117] [118] In 2017, Miranda performed on the opening track of Residente's self-titled debut album. [119]

Activism

After a meeting with President Barack Obama in March 2016, [120] Miranda joined U.S. Senators Kirsten Gillibrand, Chuck Schumer, Elizabeth Warren, and other Democratic lawmakers to call for congressional action to back a Senate bill in Washington that would allow Puerto Rico to declare bankruptcy and significantly ease its $70 billion government-debt burden. [121] Miranda was particularly active in the wake of Hurricane Maria's devastation in Puerto Rico, [5] [6] and by December 2017, proceeds from his song "Almost Like Praying" had helped the Hispanic Federation to raise $22 million for rescue efforts and disaster relief. [122] [123]

He performed with Ben Platt at the March for Our Lives anti-gun violence rally in Washington, D.C. on March 24, 2018. [124] [125]

In order to raise money for Puerto Rico's reconstruction after being struck by hurricanes Irma and María, including at least $15 million to be channeled through the Flamboyán Foundation, Lin-Manuel decided to take, and once again play the protagonist role of, Hamilton to his father's native Puerto Rico. The Miranda family donated approximately $1 million to bring the University of Puerto Rico theater up to par in order to use it as the venue for the musical's performance in January, 2018. After tickets sold out in two days for the three-week run, producers decided to move out of the university venue due to warnings of potential disruptions by a university workers' labor organization, and move the already-installed set to the Luis A. Ferré Performing Arts Center in Santurce, where the performances will run from January 11 through 27th. The production will donate an additional hundreds of thousands of dollars worth in improvements to the Ferré Center. [126]

Awards and achievements

External video
Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg Playwright, Composer, and Performer Lin-Manuel Miranda, 2015 MacArthur Fellow, MacArthur Foundation [127]

Among his numerous accolades, Miranda has won a Pulitzer Prize, three Tony Awards, three Grammys, an Emmy, and two Olivier Awards and has been nominated for an Academy Award. In 2015, he was the recipient of a Genius Grant from the MacArthur Fellows Program. In 2016, Time magazine included Miranda in its annual Time 100 as one of the "Most Influential People in the World" and he received a star on the Puerto Rico Walk of Fame. [128] [129] It was announced in June 2017 that Miranda would be honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame in 2018. [130] Miranda received his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on November 30, 2018. [131] In December 2018, he received the Kennedy Center Honors for creating Hamilton . [132]

In 2015, Miranda was the recipient of Smithsonian Magazine's American Ingenuity Award in the History category. [133]

Honorary degrees

Miranda received an honorary degree in 2009 from Yeshiva University in Washington Heights, Manhattan, becoming the youngest person to receive an honorary degree from that university. [134] Ed Koch, former mayor of New York City, presented Miranda with the degree. [135]

He received the honorary degree of Doctor of Humane Letters in 2015 from his alma mater, Wesleyan University, [136] and gave their commencement address. [137] In May 2016, he received an honorary Doctorate of the Arts from the University of Pennsylvania and gave the commencement speech. [138]

Theater credits

YearTitleRoleDetailsNotes
1999 In the Heights Usnavi Wesleyan University, April 20–22Also composer and lyricist
2005 Eugene O'Neill Theater Center
2007Off-Broadway, Feb 8 – July 15, 2007
2008–09Broadway, February 14, 2008 – February 15, 2009
2009–10US tour
2009 West Side Story Broadway revivalSpanish translations
2010–11In the HeightsUsnaviBroadway, December 25, 2010 – January 9, 2011Also composer and lyricist
2011 Working Chicago revivalWrote two new songs
2012 Merrily We Roll Along Charley Encores!, Feb 8–9, 2012
2012 Bring It On: The Musical Broadway & tourCo-composer and lyricist
2014 21 Chump Street Narrator Brooklyn Academy of Music, June 7, 2014Book, music, and lyrics
2014 Tick, Tick... Boom! Jon Encores!, June 25–28, 2014
2015 Hamilton Alexander Hamilton Off-Broadway, Jan 20 – May 3, 2015Book, music, and lyrics
2015–16Broadway, August 6, 2015 – July 9, 2016
2016 Les Misérables Loud HailerBroadway, January 24, 2016 [90] Voice only
2019HamiltonAlexander Hamilton Luis A. Ferré Performing Arts Center, Jan 11–27, 2019Limited engagement; Book, music, and lyrics

Filmography

Film

YearTitleRoleNotes
1996Clayton's FriendsPeteAlso writer, producer, director and editor
2012 The Odd Life of Timothy Green Reggie
2012 The Polar Bears JakShort film[ citation needed ]
2013 200 Cartas Raul [139] [140]
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens Shag Kava (voice)Also special featured composer
2016Studio HeadsHimselfShort film
2016 Moana We Know the Way SoloistComposer and singer
2017 Speech & Debate The Genie
2018 Mary Poppins Returns Jack
2020 In the Heights Piragua Guy / PiragüeroFilming; also producer and composer

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
2007 The Sopranos BellmanEpisode: "Remember When"
2009, 2012 Sesame Street Freddy Flapman / Lamb-Manuel Miranda2 episodes; also composer and lyricist
2009–2010 House Juan "Alvie" Alvarez2 episodes
2009-2010 The Electric Company Mario/himself17 episodes; also composer
2011 Modern Family GuillermoEpisode: "Good Cop Bad Dog"
2011 65th Tony Awards Awards show; writer of the closing rap number
2012 Submissions Only Auditioner #1Episode: "Another Interruption"
2012Freestyle Love SupremeHimselfTV series; also lyricist
2013 Do No Harm Ruben Marcado11 episodes
2013 Smash HimselfEpisode: "The Transfer" [141]
2013 67th Tony Awards Awards show; composer of the opening number "Bigger!"
2013 How I Met Your Mother GusEpisode: "Bedtime Stories"
2016 Inside Amy Schumer HimselfEpisode: "The World's Most Interesting Woman in the World"
2016 Last Week Tonight with John Oliver HimselfEpisode: "Puerto Rico"
2016Hamilton's AmericaHimselfTelevision documentary
2016 Difficult People HimselfEpisode: "Carter"
2016 Saturday Night Live Himself (host)Episode: "Lin-Manuel Miranda/Twenty One Pilots"
2016 Drunk History HimselfEpisode: "Hamilton"
2017 My Brother, My Brother and Me HimselfEpisode: "Candlenights & Vape Ape"
2017 BoJack Horseman Crackerjack SugarmanVoice
Episode: "The Old Sugarman House"
2017–2018 The Magic School Bus Rides Again Theme song singer
2017 Curb Your Enthusiasm Himself2 episodes
2018–present DuckTales Gizmoduck/Fenton Crackshell-CabreraVoice
6 episodes
2018 Bartlett Jesus2 episodes
2018 Nina's World Paquito FernandoVoice
Episode: "Nina Live"
2019 Brooklyn Nine-Nine Lieutenant David SantiagoEpisode: "The Golden Child" [142]
2019 Fosse/Verdon Roy Scheider [143] Episode: "Providence"; also executive producer
2019 His Dark Materials Lee Scoresby Post-production

Bibliography

Books

Articles

Discography

Soundtracks

List of soundtracks, with selected chart positions
TitleAlbum detailsPeak chart positionsNotes
US US Cast Albums US OST US Rap US R&B/HH AUS BEL Flanders BEL Wallonia CAN IRE NZ UK UK OST
In the Heights (Original Broadway Cast Recording) 821
  • Composer/Lyricist
  • Principal soloist as "Usnavi"
  • Winner of the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theatre Album
Merrily We Roll Along: 2012 New York Cast Recording 1
  • Principal soloist as "Charley"
Bring It On: The Musical (Original Broadway Cast Recording) 3
  • Co-Composer/Lyricist
21 Chump Street: The Musical - EP
  • Released: June 19, 2014
  • Label: 5000 Broadway Productions, Inc.
  • Formats: digital download
10
  • Book, Music, Lyrics
  • Principal soloist as "The Narrator"
Hamilton (Original Broadway Cast Recording) 3114218152582
  • Book, Music, Lyrics
  • Executive Producer
  • Principal soloist as "Alexander Hamilton"
  • Winner of the Grammy Award for Best Musical Theatre Album
  • Certified 5x Platinum in the United States
Moana: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack 218494849171
  • Co-Composer/Lyricist
  • Producer
  • Principal soloist on 2 songs on standard edition, and 7 demos on deluxe edition
  • Certified 2x Platinum in the US; Platinum in Australia, Canada, & the UK
The Hamilton Mixtape 1126114929
  • Songwriting credit on all songs
  • Executive Producer
  • Principal soloist on 3 songs
  • Certified Gold in the US
The Hamilton Instrumentals [upper-alpha 1]
  • Composer
Mary Poppins Returns (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) 34515857973
  • Principal Soloist as "Jack"
  1. "The Hamilton Instrumentals" did not enter the US Billboard 200, but peaked at number 25 on the Digital Song Sales and number 71 on the Top Album Sales chart.

Singles

List of singles as lead artist, with selected chart positions and certifications, showing year released and album name
TitleYearPeak chart positionsAlbum
US US Latin US Latin Digital
"Jabba Flow"
(with John Williams)
2015 Star Wars: The Force Awakens
"Love Make the World Go Round"
(with Jennifer Lopez)
201672Non-album singles
"What the World Needs Now Is Love"
(with Broadway for Orlando)
"Crucible Cast Party"
(with the Cast of Saturday Night Live)
"We Know the Way"
(with Opetaia Foa'i)
93 Moana
"You're Welcome (Jordan Fisher Version)"
(with Jordan Fisher)
"Wrote My Way Out"
(with Nas, Dave East, & Aloe Blacc)
The Hamilton Mixtape
"Almost Like Praying"
(with Artists for Puerto Rico)
20172031Non-album singles
"Found/Tonight"
(with Ben Platt)
201849
"A Forgotten Spot"
(with Zion & Lennox, De La Ghetto, Ivy Queen, PJ Sin Suela, & Lucecita Benitez)
13
"Rufio"
(with Utkarsh Ambudkar & Dante Basco)
"Cheering For Me Now"
(with John Kander)
"Trip a Little Light Fantastic"
(with the cast of Mary Poppins Returns )
Mary Poppins Returns

Audiobook narration

See also

Related Research Articles

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