Platform of Tiyu Xilu
|Other name(s)||M3 (5 lines plan name)|
M6 (7 lines plan name)
M3 (2000 plan name)
Southern-Northern express line (南北快线)
Shiqiao line (市桥线)
Airport line (机场线)
|Owner||City of Guangzhou|
|Locale|| Panyu, Haizhu, Tianhe, Baiyun, and Huadu districts|
|Termini|| Tiyu Xilu/Panyu Square |
Airport North (Terminal 2)/Tianhe Coach Terminal
|Operator(s)||Guangzhou Metro Corporation|
|Rolling stock||120 Siemens Mobility-CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Modular Metro cars|
|Daily ridership||1.765 million (May 2015 Avg.) 2.54 million (2017 Peak)|
|Opened||26 December 2005|
|Line length||65.43 km (40.66 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||Overhead lines, 1,500 V DC|
|Operating speed||120 km/h (75 mph)|
Line 3 of the Guangzhou Metro is a 65.43-kilometer (40.66 mi) rapid transit line connecting Panyu Square to Tianhe Coach Terminal. The entire line, including all track and stations, is located in tunnels. Its 57.93 km (36.00 mi) main branch, excluding the 7.5 km (4.7 mi) branch between Tianhe Coach Terminal and Tiyu Xilu, is the longest continuous subway tunnel in the world, and the longest rail tunnel of any kind (surpassing the Gotthard Base Tunnel in Switzerland).
Line 3 is split into two sections, Shiqiao line (main line, from Panyu Square to Tianhe Coach Terminal) and Airport line (northern branch, Tiyu Xilu to Airport North), and are branded with the colour orange. The line is extremely congested, with numerous sections officially operating over 100% capacity.
Line 3 was built in four main stages, opened over a five-year period:
|Kecun — Guangzhou East||26 December 2005||7.8 km (4.85 mi)||5||(northern section)|
|Panyu Square — Kecun||30 December 2006||19.6 km (12.18 mi)||7||(southern section)|
|Tiyu Xilu — Tianhe Coach Terminal||7.5 km (4.66 mi)||5||(spur section)|
|Airport South — Guangzhou East||30 October 2010||29.3 km (18.21 mi)||10||Northern extension|
|Gaozeng||28 December 2017||Infill station||1||Line 9 connector|
|Airport North — Airport South||26 April 2018||1.23 km (0.76 mi)||1||Airport extension|
There are 4 types of train services offered on the metro line 3:
|●||●||3 01||Panyu Square||番禺广场||0.00||0.00||Panyu|
|●||●||3 03||Hanxi Changlong||汉溪长隆||6.27||10.13|
|●||●||↑||3 09||Canton Tower formerly Chigang Pagoda||广州塔||1.15||23.01|
|●||●||↑||3 10||Zhujiang New Town formerly Zhu Jiang Xin Cheng||珠江新城||1.51||24.52||Tianhe|
|●||●||●||↑||3 11||Tiyu Xilu||体育西路||GBRT(via Tianhe Lu)||1.31||25.83|
|｜||●||｜||｜||3 14||South China Normal University||华师||0.88||28.90|
|｜||●||｜||｜||3 16||Tianhe Coach Terminal||天河客运站||2.59||33.08|
|●||●||↑||3 18||Guangzhou East Railway Station||广州东站||GGQ||1.09||35.32|
|●||●||↑||3 21||Jingxi Nanfang Hospital||京溪南方医院||1.36||39.65|
|●||●||3 29||Airport South (Terminal 1)||机场南（1号航站楼）||CAN||3.81||65.42||Huadu|
|●||●||3 30||Airport North (Terminal 2)||机场北（2号航站楼）||CAN||1.23||66.65|
A further extension east of Haibang Station to Hai'ou Island and eventually across the Pearl River to Dongguan was proposed in 2007. In 2017, the Guangzhou Municipal Land Planning Commission approved the planning for Line 3 to be extended to Hai'ou Island.However, the extension eastward beyond Panyu Square station was approved by National Development and Reform Commission to only reach Haibang station as part of Guangzhou's (2015-2025) subway expansion plan in March 2018. It was revealed that the extension to Hai'ou Island is reserved for future planning. The extension is 9.58km long as will add four new stations and connect Line 3 to Line 4. Guangzhou Metro will order 10 more six car trains to serve the extension. Construction of this extension started November 19, 2018.
|3 ??||Jinguang Dadao||金光大道|
|3 ??||Guangzhou Xinchengxi||广州新城西|
|3 ??||Panyu Coach Terminal||番禺客运站|
The Tiyu Xilu-Tianhe Coach Terminal Section will end its service. The Shipaiqiao-Tianhe Coach Terminal Section will be given to Line 10.
At the time of introduction Line 3 trains were one of the fastest subway trains in China, reaching up to 120km/h in service.As of 2020 there is currently a fleet of 71 six car trains serving Line 3. In August 2020, plans were announced for 18 additional trains to be purchased for Line 3.
|Type||Time of manufacturing||Series||Sets||Assembly||Notes|
|Type B||2005–2007||B1||20||Mcp+T+Mcp=Mcp+T+Mcp||Manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive and Siemens Mobility initially as 40 three car sets but later reformed into 20 six car sets.|
|Type B||2009–2011||B2||25||Mc+Tp+M+M+Tp+Mc||First batch manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive|
|Type B||2011–2012||B4||26||Mc+Tp+M+M+Tp+Mc||Second batch manufactured by CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive|
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