Lingnan

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Lingnan
岭南
Nanyue.svg
Maximum extent of the Nanyue kingdom, roughly corresponding to the geographical region of Lingnan
Modern day-location Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Hong Kong, Macau, modern northern Vietnam (Annam)

Lingnan (simplified Chinese : 岭南 ; traditional Chinese : 嶺南 ; pinyin :lǐng nán; Jyutping :ling5 naam4; lit. 'South of the Nanling Mountains'; Vietnamese: Lĩnh Nam) is a geographic area referring to the lands in the south of the Nanling Mountains. The region covers the modern Chinese subdivisions of Guangdong, [1] [2] Guangxi, [1] [2] Hainan, [1] [2] Hong Kong, [1] and Macau, [1] as well as modern northern to central Vietnam. [2]

Contents

Background

The area was inhabited by the Baiyue and was the base of the ancient kingdom of Nanyue. At that time, Lingnan was considered by the ancient Chinese court to be a tropical barbarian land that had lost contact with the Zhongyuan, which was the cultural cradle of Chinese culture.

In the second century BCE, the Han conquest of Nanyue led to its absorption into the Han dynasty during its southward expansion, and its development was boosted once the Mei Pass was paved. The region was also the base of the Kingdom of Southern Han (917-971). [3]

Lingnan Jiedushi

Lingnan Jiedushi or military command, were ruled by military governors during the Tang dynasty.

List of jiedushis:

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Guo, Jie; Zuo, Pengjun (2018). 岭南文化研究. ISBN   9787302399476.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Xie, Xuanjun (2015). 辛亥革命百年透视 现代南北朝的曙光. p. 527. ISBN   9781329581210.
  3. "Social and Clan Culture in the Lingnan Region". Shvoong.com. Archived from the original on October 6, 2008. Retrieved June 20, 2012.