Linimo

Last updated
Linimo
Aichi Rapid Transit logo.png
Linimo approaching Banpaku Kinen Koen, towards Fujigaoka Station.jpg
Linimo train approaching Banpaku Kinen Koen, in the direction of Fujigaoka Station
Overview
Other name(s)Aichi High-Speed Transit Tobu Kyuryo Line
Native nameRinimo (リニモ), formally Aichi Kōsoku Kōtsū Tōbu Kyūryō-sen (愛知高速交通東部丘陵線)
OwnerAichi Rapid Transit Co., Ltd. (愛知高速交通株式会社, Aichi Kōsoku Kōtsū Kabushiki Gaisha)
Locale Aichi Prefecture, Japan
Termini Fujigaoka
Yakusa
Stations9
Website www.linimo.jp/en/
Service
Type Rapid transit
Daily ridership16,500
History
Opened6 March 2005 (2005-03-06)
Technical
Line length8.9 km (5.5 mi)
Number of tracks2
Minimum radius 75 m (246 ft 1 in)
Electrification 1500 V DC Third rail
Operating speed100 km/h (62 mph)

Linimo (リニモ, Rinimo), formally the Aichi High-Speed Transit Tobu Kyuryo Line (愛知高速交通東部丘陵線, Aichi Kōsoku Kōtsū Tōbu Kyūryō-sen) is a magnetic levitation train line in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, near the city of Nagoya. While primarily built to serve the Expo 2005 fair site, the line now operates to serve the local community.

Contents

Linimo is owned and operated by Aichi Rapid Transit Co., Ltd. (愛知高速交通株式会社, Aichi Kōsoku Kōtsū Kabushiki-gaisha) and is the first commercial maglev in Japan to use the High Speed Surface Transport (HSST) type technology. [1] It is also the world's first unmanned commercial urban maglev. [2] There are some sources that ambiguously describe "unmanned" as "automated" or ignore the condition while making such a claim [3] but Linimo was actually the fourth commercial urban maglev operated in the world, predated by the Birmingham Maglev (1984–1995), the Berlin M-Bahn (1989–1991) and the Shanghai Maglev (opened in 2004).

Specifications

The linear motor magnetic-levitated train has a top speed of 100 kilometres per hour (62 mph), floating 8 millimetres (0.31 in) above the track when in motion, and is intended as an alternative to conventional metro systems, not high-speed operation. The line has nine stations and is 8.9 kilometres (5.5 mi) long, with a minimum operating radius of 75 metres (246 ft) and a maximum gradient of 6%. The line uses automatic train control (ATC) and automatic train operation (ATO). [1] Construction of the track cost ¥60 billion (US$575 million) while the Linimo trains themselves, built by Nippon Sharyo, cost ¥40.5 billion (US$380 million). [4] The construction cost came to roughly $65 million per km without rolling stock.

Rolling stock

The trains for the line were designed by the Chubu HSST Development Corporation, which also operated a test track in Nagoya. [1] They were built by Nippon Sharyo, cost ¥40.5 billion (US$380 million). [4] The trains are fixed 3-car train sets (Mc1+M+Mc2). The end cars (Mc Car) are 14.0 metres (45 ft 11 in) long and the middle car (M Car) 13.5 metres (44 ft 3 in), giving a total train set length of 43.3 metres (142 ft 1 in). [1] The cars are 2.6 metres (8 ft 6 in) wide. The Mc car has a capacity of 34 seated and 46 standing, and the M car 36 seated and 48 standing, for a total capacity per train set of 244. [1] The cars have a semi-monocoque construction of welded aluminum, with two emergency doors at each car end and two 1,200-millimetre (47 in) doors per side. [1]

Technical and financial difficulties

Being the first commercial implementation of a new type of transport system, the line suffered a number of highly publicized technical breakdowns during the Expo, with far higher demand during peak hours than the line's carrying capacity of 4,000 passengers per direction per hour. On March 19, 2005 and again on March 24, the number of people inside the trains exceeded the design capacity of 244 passengers and the train was unable to levitate. The line also has to be shut down for safety reasons when wind speed exceeds 25 m/s (56 mph), a relatively common occurrence in the area.

During the Expo, the line carried an average of 31,000 passengers per day, but ridership dropped to only 12,000 in the first six months after the Expo, and the line lost over ¥3 billion in 2006. While ridership gradually increased to 16,500 passengers per day in 2008, [5] the line still made a financial loss of ¥2.1 billion in fiscal year 2009. [6] In 2016, the line started turning a profit, making a net profit of ¥83.4 million that year. [7]

Construction history

Stations

No.NameJapaneseDistance (km)TransfersLocation
L01 Fujigaoka 藤が丘0.0 Nagoya Municipal Subway Higashiyama Line (H22) Meito-ku, Nagoya Aichi Prefecture
L02 Hanamizuki-dōri はなみずき通1.4  Nagakute
L03 Irigaike-kōen 杁ヶ池公園2.3 
L04 Nagakute Kosenjō 長久手古戦場3.4 
L05 Geidai-dōri 芸大通4.5 
L06 Kōen-nishi 公園西6.0 
L07 Aichikyūhaku-kinen-kōen ("Expo Memorial Park") [Note 1] 愛・地球博記念公園7.0 
L08 Toji-shiryokan-minami 陶磁資料館南8.0  Toyota
L09 Yakusa [Note 2] 八草8.9 Aichi Loop Line(18)
Footnotes
  1. Formerly named Bampaku Kaijo Station ("Expo Site")
  2. Formerly named Bampaku Yakusa Station

Cancelled plan in Taiwan

In 2006, there was a plan to use the system for the Xinyi LRT, a proposed line in Xinyi, Taipei, Taiwan. [8] The line was later cancelled in 2007. [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

Expo 2005

Expo 2005 was a World Expo held for 185 days between Friday, March 25 and Sunday, September 25, 2005, in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, east of the city of Nagoya. Japan has also hosted Expo '70 Osaka, Expo '75 Okinawa, Expo '85 Tsukuba, and Expo '90 Osaka and will host Expo 2025 Osaka.

Nagakute City in Chūbu, Japan

Nagakute is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 61,503 in 24,352 households, and a population density of 2,854 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 21.55 square kilometres (8.32 sq mi). Nagakute is a member of the World Health Organization’s Alliance for Healthy Cities (AFHC).

Maglev system of train transportation that uses two sets of magnets

Maglev is a system of train transportation that uses two sets of magnets: one set to repel and push the train up off the track, and another set to move the elevated train ahead, taking advantage of the lack of friction. Along certain "medium-range" routes, maglev can compete favourably with high-speed rail and airplanes.

Here is a list of monorails in Japan.

Shanghai maglev train Railway line using magnetic levitation train

The Shanghai maglev train or Shanghai Transrapid is a magnetic levitation train (maglev) line that operates in Shanghai, China. It is the oldest commercial maglev still in operation, and the first commercial high-speed maglev with cruising speed of 431 km/h (268 mph). It is also the fastest commercial electric train in the world. The line is the third commercially operated maglev line in history.

Shanghai–Hangzhou maglev line

The Shanghai–Hangzhou maglev train is a proposed maglev train line from Shanghai to Hangzhou, to be built by Germany's Transrapid consortium. Originally planned to be ready for Expo 2010, the project was repeatedly delayed, with final approval being granted on August 18, 2008. Construction was scheduled to start in late March 2009, with the target for completion having been 2014. According to China Daily as reported in People's Daily Online on February 27, 2009, the Shanghai government was considering building the maglev line underground to allay the public's fear of electromagnetic pollution, and a final decision would need to be approved by the National Development and Reform Commission. In March 2009, the project was reported to be "suspended", although it had not been officially cancelled. The October 26, 2010 opening of the Shanghai–Hangzhou high-speed railway makes construction of this line unlikely.

Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway

The Beijing–Shanghai high-speed railway is a high-speed railway that connects two major economic zones in the People's Republic of China: the Bohai Economic Rim and the Yangtze River Delta. Construction began on April 18, 2008, with the line opened to the public for commercial service on June 30, 2011. The 1,318-kilometer (819 mi)-long high-speed line is the world's longest high-speed line ever constructed in a single phase.

High-speed rail in China Overview of the high-speed rail system in China

High-speed rail (HSR) in China is the world's longest high speed railway network and most extensively used -- with a total length of 37,900 km by the end of 2020. The HSR network encompasses newly built rail lines with a design speed of 200–350 km/h (120–220 mph). China's HSR accounts for two-thirds of the world's total high-speed railway networks. Almost all HSR trains, track and service are owned and operated by the China Railway Corporation under the brand China Railway High-speed (CRH).

Capital Airport Express

The Capital Airport Express of the Beijing Subway, also known by the initials ABC, Airport Beijing City, is an airport rail link from Dongzhimen station to the Beijing Capital International Airport. The line became operational on July 19, 2008. On subway maps, the Capital Airport Express' color is magnolia.

Hanamizuki-dōri Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Hanamizuki-dōri Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Irigaike-kōen Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Irigaike-kōen Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Nagakute Kosenjō Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Nagakute Kosenjō Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Geidai-dōri Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Geidai-dōri Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Kōen-nishi Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Kōen-nishi Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Aichikyūhaku-kinen-kōen Station Maglev station in Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Aichikyūhaku-kinen-kōen Station is a railway station in city of Nagakute, Aichi Prefecture, Japan operated by the Aichi Rapid Transit Company.

Yakusa Station Railway and maglev station in Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Yakusa Station is an interchange railway station in the city of Toyota, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by the third sector Aichi Loop Railway Company, with the Aichi Rapid Transit Company as a tenant.

High Speed Surface Transport

High Speed Surface Transport (HSST) is a Japanese maglev train system which uses electromagnetic levitation technology. The Linimo line in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, uses a descendant of HSST technology.

Line S1 (Beijing Subway)

Line S1 of the Beijing Subway is a medium-low speed maglev line. It is operated by the Beijing Mass Transit Railway Operation Corporation Limited. The line was opened on 30 December 2017. It starts from Jin'anqiao station and goes west towards Mentougou District.

Changsha Maglev Express

The Changsha Maglev Express is a medium-low speed magnetic levitation, or maglev line in Changsha, China. This is China's second maglev line, after Shanghai Maglev, and the first domestically built maglev line that uses indigenous technology. The line stretches over 18.55 kilometers and runs between Changsha Huanghua International Airport, Langli station and the high-speed railway station Changsha South railway station. Its rolling stock is designed for a speed of up to 120 km/h, however, currently it is running with a maximum speed of 100 km/h.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Yasuda, Yoshihide; Fujino, Masaaki; Tanaka, Masao; Ishimoto, Syunzo (2004). "The first HSST maglev commercial train in Japan" (PDF). Proceedings of the 18th international conference on magnetically levitated systems and linear drives (MAGLEV 2004). Retrieved 2016-04-29.
  2. 韓国独自技術で開発 仁川空港リニアが3日開通
  3. "Magnetbahnforum | Linimo Urban Maglev". Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  4. 1 2 "Nagoya builds Maglev Metro". International Railway Journal. May 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-01-29.
  5. "Linimo(リニモ)愛知高速交通株式会社" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-02-03. Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  6. "Linimo(リニモ)愛知高速交通株式会社" (PDF).
  7. "平成30年度決算公告" (PDF). Retrieved 2020-04-07.
  8. 磁浮捷運 開進信義商圈? Archived 2011-10-03 at the Wayback Machine (Will manglev metro expand the commercial zone of Xinyi?), a report on China Times, June 23, 2006. The news was cited on the Institute of Transportation official website, Ministry of Transportation and Communications, the Republic of China, retrieved on November 12, 2008. (in Chinese)
  9. 信義區輕軌捷運 市府否決 Archived 2011-10-03 at the Wayback Machine (The city council rejects Xinyi LRT), a report on China Times, August 9, 2007. The news was cited on the Institute of Transportation official website, Ministry of Transportation and Communications, the Republic of China, retrieved on November 12, 2008. (in Chinese)