Linyi

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Linyi

临沂市

Lini
Linyi montage.png
Clockwise from top: A view of the Beicheng New District skyline, Mount Meng, Cathedral of Linyi, Linyi People's Square, The Library of Linyi University, and The Memorial Tower of Revolutionary Martyrs
ChinaShandongLinyi.png
Location of Linyi City jurisdiction in Shandong
Coordinates(Linyi municipal government): 35°06′14″N118°21′23″E / 35.1038°N 118.3564°E / 35.1038; 118.3564 Coordinates: 35°06′14″N118°21′23″E / 35.1038°N 118.3564°E / 35.1038; 118.3564
Country People's Republic of China
Province Shandong
County-level divisions 12
Township-level divisions 181
Municipal seat Lanshan District
Government
  CPC SecretaryVacant
   Mayor Meng Qingbin (孟庆斌)
Area
[1]
   Prefecture-level city 17,192 km2 (6,638 sq mi)
  Urban
2,293.3 km2 (885.4 sq mi)
  Metro
2,293.3 km2 (885.4 sq mi)
Elevation
74 m (244 ft)
Population
 (2019 census) [2]
   Prefecture-level city 10,667,100
  Density620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
   Urban
2,303,648
  Urban density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
   Metro
2,303,648
  Metro density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s) 0539
ISO 3166 code CN-SD-13
License Plate Prefix鲁Q
Administrative division code 371300
Línyí
Simplified Chinese 临沂
Traditional Chinese 臨沂
Literal meaningclose to the Yi River  [ zh ]

Linyi (simplified Chinese :临沂; traditional Chinese :臨沂; pinyin :Línyí) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, China. As of 2011, Linyi is the largest prefecture-level city in Shandong, both by area and population, Linyi borders Rizhao to the east, Weifang to the northeast, Zibo to the north, Tai'an to the northwest, Jining to the west, Zaozhuang to the southwest, and the province of Jiangsu to the south. The name of the city Linyi (临沂) literally means "close to the Yi River".

Contents

The city recently expanded along the Yi River to Nanfang, under the slogan "Grand Linyi, Beautiful Linyi, New Linyi". Multiple recreational parks were built, along with new school campuses etc. The development is a consequence of a series of governmental projects, including relocate the city government, which is expected to stimulate the economy.

The population was 10,039,440 at the 2010 census, of which 2,303,648 lived in the built-up area made up of Lanshan District, Luozhuang District and Hedong District. [3]

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Linyi administers 12 county-level divisions, including three districts and nine counties.

Map
SubdivisionChinesePinyin
Lanshan District 兰山区Lánshān Qū
Luozhuang District 罗庄区Luózhuāng Qū
Hedong District 河东区Hédōng Qū
Yinan County 沂南县Yínán Xiàn
Tancheng County 郯城县Tánchéng Xiàn
Yishui County 沂水县Yíshuǐ Xiàn
Lanling County 兰陵县Lánlíng Xiàn
Fei County 费县Fèixiàn
Pingyi County 平邑县Píngyì Xiàn
Junan County 莒南县Jǔnán Xiàn
Mengyin County 蒙阴县Méngyīn Xiàn
Linshu County 临沭县Línshù Xiàn

The city is further divided into 181 township-level divisions.

History

Linyi has a history of 2400 years. It is home to many historical figures, notably Zhuge Liang and Wang Xizhi. In 1972, the Sun Tzu's Art of War was first discovered here, [4] [5] along with other classics on hand written bamboo slips. Sun Tzu's Art of War is currently in display at Shandong Provincial museum.

In the spring of 1938, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the scene of fierce fighting between Chinese and Japanese troops. The civilians were encouraged by army victory in the Battle of Tai'erzhuang, which was nearby, defended Linyi fiercely, but Japanese soldiers breached the walls on April 19, 1938. The defenders withdrew the next day to another contested area 30 miles away.

In 1946, during the Chinese Civil War, the communist Directorate General of Shandong Wartime Posts was moved from the Yimeng Mountains to Linyi and renamed the Shandong Provincial Postal Administration. [6]

After the People's Republic of China was founded in October 1949, the administrative division was adjusted.

In 2005, Linyi drew international attention as a center of human rights abuses related to the enforcement of China's controversial family planning policies. Following widespread allegations of violence and coercion in excess of Chinese law, local human rights defender Chen Guangcheng filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of the victims. The local Chinese courts refused to hear the case and imprisoned Chen Guangcheng on charges of fomenting state resistance. [7] Due in part to the severity and scope of these abuses Linyi has been used by activists to criticize China's violation of women's rights. [8]

Geography

Linyi is in the south of Shandong province, not far from the ports of Rizhao, Lanshan District, Rizhao and Lianyungang. It is along the G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway as well as the Eurasian Land Bridge. The urban area lies on mostly flat land that gives way to more rugged terrain in the west and northwest of the city's administrative area, which covers 17,184 km2 (6,635 sq mi).

Climate

Linyi has a monsoon-influenced climate with generous summer precipitation, cold, dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Under the Köppen climate classification, it is in the transition from the humid subtropical zone (Cwa) to the humid continental zone (Dwa), though favouring the former. More than half of the annual precipitation of 833 mm (32.8 in) falls in July and August alone, and the frost-free period is above 200 days.

Climate data for Linyi (1981–2010 normals)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)4.4
(39.9)
7.5
(45.5)
13.0
(55.4)
20.3
(68.5)
25.8
(78.4)
29.4
(84.9)
30.7
(87.3)
30.0
(86.0)
26.5
(79.7)
21.2
(70.2)
13.4
(56.1)
6.6
(43.9)
19.1
(66.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.5
(31.1)
2.2
(36.0)
7.2
(45.0)
14.2
(57.6)
19.9
(67.8)
23.9
(75.0)
26.4
(79.5)
25.7
(78.3)
21.4
(70.5)
15.6
(60.1)
8.1
(46.6)
1.7
(35.1)
13.8
(56.9)
Average low °C (°F)−4.3
(24.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
2.4
(36.3)
8.9
(48.0)
14.6
(58.3)
19.3
(66.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.3
(72.1)
17.4
(63.3)
11.1
(52.0)
3.7
(38.7)
−2.2
(28.0)
9.5
(49.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)12.0
(0.47)
16.0
(0.63)
24.1
(0.95)
32.7
(1.29)
77.1
(3.04)
94.5
(3.72)
235.1
(9.26)
193.1
(7.60)
72.0
(2.83)
41.2
(1.62)
24.5
(0.96)
10.5
(0.41)
832.8
(32.78)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)3.14.75.46.57.08.514.611.07.55.65.13.682.6
Average relative humidity (%)61605959647082827468656367
Source 1: China Meteorological Administration [9]
Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 19712000) [10]

Economy

Linyi's economy is based around its wholesale markets. [11] The Linyi Wholesale City is ranked 3rd in its category in China with an annual trade volume of 40 billion RMB (~US$5 billion). The Linyi prefecture has developed more than 1,500 specialized villages, over 80 specialized towns and nearly 800 industrialized agricultural enterprises.

In 2014 the prefecture's GDP was 369 billion RMB. Main industrial products are: textiles, foodstuffs, machinery, electronics, chemicals, building materials, coal, medicines, gold and porcelain. Machinery is exported to Europe, the Americas and south-east Asia. Linyi prefecture has an annual capacity of three million tons of compound fertilizers.

The city is served by Linyi Qiyang Airport.

Notable people

Cultural Attractions

Linyi's focal point is the People's Square (Renmin Guangchang). It was built in the early 1990s on the site of an old army barracks. It is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) east-west, and about 300 m (980 ft) north-south. Underneath it is a shopping centre and entertainment facilities.

Just north of the city centre is a park dedicated to Wang Xizhi. For a small entrance fee tourists can enjoy a pleasant walk and try Chinese calligraphy.

Near the center of Linyi city is a museum which houses some original bamboo strips from the Warring States period.

See also

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Linyi University

Linyi University is a public university based in Lanshan district of Linyi, Shandong province, China. It offers studies in 62 different undergraduate degrees, organized among nine major disciplines: Economics, Law, Education, Literature, History, Science, Engineering, Agriculture and Management.

Yinqueshan Han Tombs Bamboo Slips Museum

The Yinqueshan Han Tombs Bamboo Slips Museum is a museum dedicated to archaeological finds from two Western Han Dynasty tombs excavated on site in Lanshan District, Linyi City, Shandong Province, China.

References

  1. 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  2. 最新人口信息 www.hongheiku.com (in Chinese). hongheiku. Retrieved 2021-01-12.
  3. http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-shandong-admin.php
  4. "Yinqueshan Han Bamboo Slips" (in Chinese). Shandong Provincial Museum. 24 April 2008. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013.
  5. Jonathan Clements (21 June 2012). The Art of War: A New Translation. Constable & Robinson Ltd. pp. 77–78. ISBN   978-1-78033-131-7.
  6. The Postage Stamp Catalogue of the Chinese People's Revolutionary War Period, published by the China Postage Stamp Museum
  7. Pan, Philip P. (July 8, 2006). "Chinese to Prosecute Peasant Who Resisted One-Child Policy". Washington Post. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  8. "Transcript: An Evaluation of 30 Years of the One-Child Policy in China" (PDF). Tom Lantos Human Rights Commission. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 6, 2012. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  9. 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration . Retrieved 2020-04-14.
  10. From a booklet compiled by the Linyi Municipal People's Government (2003)