Clockwise from top: A view of the Beicheng New District skyline, Mount Meng, Cathedral of Linyi, Linyi People's Square, The Library of Linyi University, and The Memorial Tower of Revolutionary Martyrs
Location of Linyi City jurisdiction in Shandong
|Coordinates(Linyi municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Lanshan District|
|• CPC Secretary||Vacant|
|• Mayor||Meng Qingbin (孟庆斌)|
|• Prefecture-level city||17,192 km2 (6,638 sq mi)|
|• Urban||2,293.3 km2 (885.4 sq mi)|
|• Metro||2,293.3 km2 (885.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||74 m (244 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||10,667,100|
|• Density||620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|• Urban density||1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-SD-13|
|License Plate Prefix||鲁Q|
|Administrative division code||371300|
|Literal meaning||close to the Yi River|
Linyi (simplified Chinese :临沂; traditional Chinese :臨沂; pinyin :Línyí) is a prefecture-level city in the south of Shandong province, China. As of 2011, Linyi is the largest prefecture-level city in Shandong, both by area and population, Linyi borders Rizhao to the east, Weifang to the northeast, Zibo to the north, Tai'an to the northwest, Jining to the west, Zaozhuang to the southwest, and the province of Jiangsu to the south. The name of the city Linyi (临沂) literally means "close to the Yi River".
The city recently expanded along the Yi River to Nanfang, under the slogan "Grand Linyi, Beautiful Linyi, New Linyi". Multiple recreational parks were built, along with new school campuses etc. The development is a consequence of a series of governmental projects, including relocate the city government, which is expected to stimulate the economy.
The population was 10,039,440 at the 2010 census, of which 2,303,648 lived in the built-up area made up of Lanshan District, Luozhuang District and Hedong District.
The prefecture-level city of Linyi administers 12 county-level divisions, including three districts and nine counties.
|Lanshan District||兰山区||Lánshān Qū|
|Luozhuang District||罗庄区||Luózhuāng Qū|
|Hedong District||河东区||Hédōng Qū|
|Yinan County||沂南县||Yínán Xiàn|
|Tancheng County||郯城县||Tánchéng Xiàn|
|Yishui County||沂水县||Yíshuǐ Xiàn|
|Lanling County||兰陵县||Lánlíng Xiàn|
|Pingyi County||平邑县||Píngyì Xiàn|
|Junan County||莒南县||Jǔnán Xiàn|
|Mengyin County||蒙阴县||Méngyīn Xiàn|
|Linshu County||临沭县||Línshù Xiàn|
The city is further divided into 181 township-level divisions.
Linyi has a history of 2400 years. It is home to many historical figures, notably Zhuge Liang and Wang Xizhi. In 1972, the Sun Tzu's Art of War was first discovered here,along with other classics on hand written bamboo slips. Sun Tzu's Art of War is currently in display at Shandong Provincial museum.
In the spring of 1938, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, the city was the scene of fierce fighting between Chinese and Japanese troops. The civilians were encouraged by army victory in the Battle of Tai'erzhuang, which was nearby, defended Linyi fiercely, but Japanese soldiers breached the walls on April 19, 1938. The defenders withdrew the next day to another contested area 30 miles away.
In 1946, during the Chinese Civil War, the communist Directorate General of Shandong Wartime Posts was moved from the Yimeng Mountains to Linyi and renamed the Shandong Provincial Postal Administration.
After the People's Republic of China was founded in October 1949, the administrative division was adjusted.
In 2005, Linyi drew international attention as a center of human rights abuses related to the enforcement of China's controversial family planning policies. Following widespread allegations of violence and coercion in excess of Chinese law, local human rights defender Chen Guangcheng filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of the victims. The local Chinese courts refused to hear the case and imprisoned Chen Guangcheng on charges of fomenting state resistance.Due in part to the severity and scope of these abuses Linyi has been used by activists to criticize China's violation of women's rights.
Linyi is in the south of Shandong province, not far from the ports of Rizhao, Lanshan District, Rizhao and Lianyungang. It is along the G2 Beijing–Shanghai Expressway as well as the Eurasian Land Bridge. The urban area lies on mostly flat land that gives way to more rugged terrain in the west and northwest of the city's administrative area, which covers 17,184 km2 (6,635 sq mi).
Linyi has a monsoon-influenced climate with generous summer precipitation, cold, dry winters, and hot, humid summers. Under the Köppen climate classification, it is in the transition from the humid subtropical zone (Cwa) to the humid continental zone (Dwa), though favouring the former. More than half of the annual precipitation of 833 mm (32.8 in) falls in July and August alone, and the frost-free period is above 200 days.
|Climate data for Linyi (1981–2010 normals)|
|Average high °C (°F)||4.4|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.5|
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.3|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||12.0|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||3.1||4.7||5.4||6.5||7.0||8.5||14.6||11.0||7.5||5.6||5.1||3.6||82.6|
|Average relative humidity (%)||61||60||59||59||64||70||82||82||74||68||65||63||67|
|Source 1: China Meteorological Administration|
|Source 2: Weather China (precipitation days 1971–2000)|
Linyi's economy is based around its wholesale markets.The Linyi Wholesale City is ranked 3rd in its category in China with an annual trade volume of 40 billion RMB (~US$5 billion). The Linyi prefecture has developed more than 1,500 specialized villages, over 80 specialized towns and nearly 800 industrialized agricultural enterprises.
In 2014 the prefecture's GDP was 369 billion RMB. Main industrial products are: textiles, foodstuffs, machinery, electronics, chemicals, building materials, coal, medicines, gold and porcelain. Machinery is exported to Europe, the Americas and south-east Asia. Linyi prefecture has an annual capacity of three million tons of compound fertilizers.
The city is served by Linyi Qiyang Airport.
Linyi's focal point is the People's Square (Renmin Guangchang). It was built in the early 1990s on the site of an old army barracks. It is about 500 metres (1,600 ft) east-west, and about 300 m (980 ft) north-south. Underneath it is a shopping centre and entertainment facilities.
Just north of the city centre is a park dedicated to Wang Xizhi. For a small entrance fee tourists can enjoy a pleasant walk and try Chinese calligraphy.
Near the center of Linyi city is a museum which houses some original bamboo strips from the Warring States period.
Tai'an is a prefecture-level city in Western Shandong Province of the People's Republic of China. Centered on Mount Tai, the city borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the north, Zibo to the east, Linyi to the southeast, Liaocheng to the extreme west and Jining to the south. To the west, Tai'an is separated from the province of Henan by the Yellow River.
Liaocheng,, is a prefecture-level city in western Shandong province, China. It borders the provincial capital of Jinan to the southeast, Dezhou to the northeast, Tai'an to the south, and the provinces of Hebei and Henan to the west. The Grand Canal flows through the city center. Its population was 5,789,863 at the 2010 census whom 1,229,768 lived in the built-up area made up of Donchangfu district, even though large parts remain rural.
Rizhao, alternatively romanized as Jihchao, is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Shandong province, China. It is situated on the coastline along the Yellow Sea, and features a major seaport. It borders Qingdao to the northeast, Weifang to the north, Linyi to the west and southwest, and faces Korea and Japan across the Yellow Sea to the east.
Binzhou, formerly Putai, is a prefecture-level city in northern Shandong Province in the People's Republic of China. The city proper sits on the northern bank of the Yellow River, while its administrative area straddles both sides of its lower course before its present delta.
Rongcheng is a county-level city of the prefecture-level city of Weihai, at the eastern extremity of Shandong Province, China, looking out to the Yellow Sea in all directions but the west.
Rushan is a county-level city in the prefecture-level city of Weihai, Shandong province, People's Republic of China. Located on the Shandong Peninsula, Rushan borders Yantai to the north and looks out to the Yellow Sea to the south.
Tancheng County is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Linyi, in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China.
Pingyi County is a county in the south of Shandong Province, China. It is the westernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Linyi. It has a land area of 1,824.79 km2 (704.56 sq mi) and a population of 980,000 in 2001. Its special local products are honeysuckle and granite. The second highest mountain in Shandong, Mount Meng, is located in Bianqiao Town.
Linyi (临沂市) is a prefecture-level city of Shandong.
Lanshan District is one of two districts of the prefecture-level city of Rizhao, in the south of Shandong province, China, bordering Jiangsu province to the south.
Guan County is a county of western Shandong province, People's Republic of China, bordered by Hebei province to the west. It is administered by Liaocheng City.
Linyi County is a county in the northwest of Shandong province, People's Republic of China. It is administered by the prefecture-level city of Dezhou.
Hedong is an urban district of the city of Linyi, Shandong province, China. It has an area of 727.63 km2 (280.94 sq mi) and around 600,000 inhabitants (2003). As the name implies, it is located east of the Yi River from the other two districts of Linyi, Lanshan and Luozhuang.
Yishui County is a county of south-central Shandong province, People's Republic of China, located in the foothills region of the province. It is the northernmost county-level division of the prefecture-level city of Linyi.
Yinan is a county in the south of Shandong province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Linyi.
Linshu County is a county of southern Shandong province, People's Republic of China, bordering Jiangsu province to the south and east. It is under the administration of Linyi City.
Lanshan is a district of Linyi City, Shandong Province, China. Lanshan District forms the center of Linyi and is the location of the city's government and cultural sites such as the Yinqueshan Han Tombs Bamboo Slips Museum. It was formerly the Linyi County and the Linyi county-level city, before Linyi was upgraded to a prefecture-level city and its urban center was renamed as Lanshan District.
The Jiaozhou−Xinyi railway is a north–south railway that connects the cities of Jiaozhou in Shandong Province and Xinyi in Jiangsu Province, China. The line is 306.6 kilometres (190.5 mi) long and was built from 2001 to 2003. Major towns and cities along route include Jiaozhou, Gaomi, Zhucheng, Wulian, Ju County, Tancheng and Linyi in Shandong and Xinyi in Jiangsu.
Linyi University is a public university based in Lanshan district of Linyi, Shandong province, China. It offers studies in 62 different undergraduate degrees, organized among nine major disciplines: Economics, Law, Education, Literature, History, Science, Engineering, Agriculture and Management.
The Yinqueshan Han Tombs Bamboo Slips Museum is a museum dedicated to archaeological finds from two Western Han Dynasty tombs excavated on site in Lanshan District, Linyi City, Shandong Province, China.
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