Lipetsk Oblast

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Lipetsk Oblast
Липецкая область
Flag of Lipetsk Oblast.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Lipetsk oblast.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: [1]
Map of Russia - Lipetsk Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 52°42′N39°09′E / 52.700°N 39.150°E / 52.700; 39.150 Coordinates: 52°42′N39°09′E / 52.700°N 39.150°E / 52.700; 39.150
CountryRussia
Federal district Central [2]
Economic region Central Black Earth [3]
EstablishedJanuary 6, 1954 [4]
Administrative center Lipetsk [5]
Government
  Body Oblast Council of Deputies [6]
   Head of the Administration [7] Igor Artamonov [8]
Area
[9]
  Total24,100 km2 (9,300 sq mi)
Area rank 71st
Population
 (2010 Census) [10]
  Total1,173,513
  Estimate 
(2018) [11]
1,150,201 (−2%)
  Rank 44th
  Density49/km2 (130/sq mi)
   Urban
63.7%
   Rural
36.3%
Time zone UTC+3 (MSK   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [12] )
ISO 3166 code RU-LIP
License plates 48
OKTMO ID42000000
Official languagesRussian [13]
Website http://admlip.ru/

Lipetsk Oblast (Russian : Липецкая область, romanized: Lipetskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). [4] Its administrative center is the city of Lipetsk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 1,173,513. [10]

Contents

Geography

Lipetsk Oblast borders with Ryazan Oblast (NE), Tambov Oblast (E), Voronezh Oblast (S), Kursk Oblast (SW), Oryol Oblast (W), and Tula Oblast (NW).

History

According to archaeologists and historians, the territory in which for the time being is the Lipetsk Oblast was inhabited since ancient times. Even before the arrival of the Mongol-Tatar troops here were of Elec, Dobrinskaya (now the village of Good) Oaklet (now the village Oaks) (Dankovsky District), Old fort (Bogorodskoye Dankovsky district) Vorgol (destroyed), Onuza (destroyed), Voronozh (destroyed ), Lipetsk (destroyed) and others. During the Mongol invasion of Rus', many fortified cities had been destroyed.

Earth Lipetsk Oblast at the beginning of the period belonged to the disintegration of the Chernigov principality. After 1202, after the death of Chernigov Prince Igor Svyatoslavich Yelets arose, Lipetsk and Vorgolskoe fiefdoms. Taking advantage of the weakness of the principality of Chernigov, Ryazan princes seized all the lands of the upper Don, Voronezh River and annexed them to his possessions. For the newly acquired territories in the south of the Ryazan principality subsequently established name "Ryazan Ukraine."

The revival of the territory began after the expulsion of the nomads. In a relatively short period of time (end of the 16th and early 17th centuries) were built fortified city: Duncan Talitskii jail, Eletskaya fortress Lebedian. In 1635, construction began on a strong fortified line - Belgorod defense line, which in the Lipetsk region within a modern fortress stood out: Good, Sokolsk and Usman.

Near the plants have populations of workers. One of these settlements was working Lipetsk settlement that gave rise to the city of Lipetsk.

At this time, because of the creation of the Navy and the regular army increased the need for flax, hemp and wool. So begins to actively develop agriculture.

In the 18th century the continued growth of large landed estates. Lipetsk region, with its rich black earth, was the breadbasket of the Russian state. Subsequently, it became widely known as a resort town, for its mineral waters.

During the February Revolution, the October Revolution of 1917 and the Russian Civil War, the lives of many cultural values, private collections of art and literature, but because of the ensuing repression against the church and the "bourgeois past" seriously affected the architectural ensembles of the estates of the nobility, monasteries and churches.

The modern oblast was formed by the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on January 6, 1954 from parts of Voronezh, Ryazan, Tambov, Tula and Oryol Oblasts. [4]

Politics

Seat of the government of Lipetsk Oblast Administratsiia.JPG
Seat of the government of Lipetsk Oblast

During the Soviet period, the high authority in the oblast was shared between three persons: The first secretary of the Lipetsk CPSU Committee (who in reality had the biggest authority), the chairman of the oblast Soviet (legislative power), and the Chairman of the oblast Executive Committee (executive power). Since 1991, CPSU lost all the power, and the head of the Oblast administration, and eventually the governor was appointed/elected alongside elected regional parliament.

The Charter of Lipetsk Oblast is the fundamental law of the region. The Legislative Assembly of Lipetsk Oblast is the province's standing legislative (representative) body. The Legislative Assembly exercises its authority by passing laws, resolutions, and other legal acts and by supervising the implementation and observance of the laws and other legal acts passed by it. The highest executive body is the Oblast Government, which includes territorial executive bodies such as district administrations, committees, and commissions that facilitate development and run the day to day matters of the province. The Oblast administration supports the activities of the Governor who is the highest official, who acts as guarantor of the observance of the oblast Charter in accordance with the Constitution of Russia.

Since 2019, the Governor is Igor Artamonov.

Economy

The most important industrial branches are the iron processing and the mechanical engineering. The most industrialized cities are Lipetsk, the administrative center, and Yelets. The region's fuel and energy complex is represented by petroleum product marketing companies, a network of consumer gas pipelines, and a power grid.

The largest companies in the region include NLMK (revenues of $7.06 billion in 2017), Cherkizovo Pig Farming ($421.67 million), JSC Progress (baby food manufacturer, $347.96 million), and the local branch of Indesit Company ($342.82 million). [14]

Agriculture

Crop cultivation and horticulture form the basis of the region's agriculture. Livestock farming specializes in cattle, pigs, goats, sheep, and poultry. The processing industry is also well developed.

Administrative divisions

Demographics

Population: 1,173,513(2010 Census); [10] 1,213,499(2002 Census); [15] 1,230,220(1989 Census). [16]

Ethnic composition (2010): [10]

Total fertility rate: [18]
2003 - 1,24 | 2004 - 1,28 | 2005 - 1,27 | 2006 - 1,28 | 2007 - 1,36 | 2008 - 1,43 | 2009 - 1,44 | 2010 - 1,47 | 2011 - 1,47 | 2012 - 1.63 | 2013 - 1.60 | 2014 - 1.66 | 2015 - 1.70 | 2016 - 1.70(e)

Religion

Religion in Lipetsk Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas) [19] [20]
Russian Orthodoxy
71.3%
Protestantism
0.6%
Other Christians
3.4%
Islam
1.2%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.6%
Spiritual but not religious
14.5%
Atheism and irreligion
5.6%
Other and undeclared
2.8%

According to a 2012 survey [19] 71.3% of the population of Lipetsk Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are Muslims, and 1% of the population adheres to the Slavic native faith (Rodnovery) movement. In addition, 15% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 6% is atheist, and 2.7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question. [19]

Attractions

The world's first hyperboloid structure by Vladimir Shukhov First Shukhov Tower Nizhny Novgorod 1896.jpg
The world's first hyperboloid structure by Vladimir Shukhov

The world's first hyperboloid structurea steel open-work lattice tower—is located in Polibino, Dankovsky District of Lipetsk Oblast. The hyperboloid tower was built and patented in 1896 by the famous Russian engineer and scientist Vladimir Shukhov. The hyperboloid structures were subsequently built by other architects, such as Antoni Gaudí, Le Corbusier, and Oscar Niemeyer.

Related Research Articles

Ryazan Oblast First-level administrative division of Russia

Ryazan Oblast is a federal subject of Russia. Its administrative center is the city of Ryazan, which is the oblast's largest city. Population: 1,154,114.

Lipetsk City in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Lipetsk, also romanized as Lipeck, is a city and the administrative center of Lipetsk Oblast, Russia, located on the banks of the Voronezh River in the Don basin, 438 kilometers (272 mi) southeast of Moscow. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 508,887.

Yelets City in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Yelets is a city in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia, situated on the Bystraya Sosna River, which is a tributary of the Don. Population: 108,404 (2010 Census); 116,726 (2002 Census); 120,261 (1989 Census).

Dankov Town in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Dankov is a town and the administrative center of Dankovsky District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Don River 86 kilometers (53 mi) northwest of Lipetsk, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 21,064 (2010 Census); 23,249 (2002 Census); 24,659 (1989 Census). It was previously known as Donkov.

Chaplyginsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Chaplyginsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,520 square kilometers (590 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Chaplygin. Population: 32,704 (2010 Census); 36,069 ; 39,832 (1989 Census). The population of Chaplygin accounts for 38.7% of the district's total population.

Dankovsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Dankovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,894.85 square kilometers (731.61 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Dankov. Population: 35,468 (2010 Census); 40,766 ; 19,040 (1989 Census). The population of Dankov accounts for 59.4% of the district's total population.

Dolgorukovsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Dolgorukovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 990 square kilometers (380 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Dolgorukovo. Population: 18,623 (2010 Census); 21,127 ; 23,488 (1989 Census). The population of Dolgorukovo accounts for 28.7% of the district's total population.

Gryazinsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Gryazinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,360 square kilometers (530 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Gryazi. Population: 75,159 (2010 Census); 73,622 ; 26,821 (1989 Census). The population of Gryazi accounts for 62.3% of the district's total population.

Khlevensky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Khlevensky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the south of the oblast. The area of the district is 910 square kilometers (350 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Khlevnoye. Population: 20,208 (2010 Census); 22,251 ; 24,106 (1989 Census). The population of Khlevnoye accounts for 29.5% of the district's total population.

Krasninsky District, Lipetsk Oblast District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Krasninsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 980 square kilometers (380 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Krasnoye. Population: 13,498 (2010 Census); 15,728 ; 16,335 (1989 Census). The population of Krasnoye accounts for 28.4% of the district's total population.

Lebedyansky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Lebedyansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northern central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,445 square kilometers (558 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Lebedyan. Population: 43,178 (2010 Census); 46,644 ; 46,250 (1989 Census). The population of Lebedyan accounts for 48.7% of the district's total population.

Lipetsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Lipetsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the center of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,510 square kilometers (580 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Lipetsk. Population: 49,258 (2010 Census); 48,383 ; 48,223 (1989 Census).

Stanovlyansky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Stanovlyansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,350 square kilometers (520 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Stanovoye. Population: 18,746 (2010 Census); 20,424 ; 21,650 (1989 Census). The population of Stanovoye accounts for 28.0% of the district's total population.

Terbunsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Terbunsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,170 square kilometers (450 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Terbuny. Population: 22,536 (2010 Census); 24,068 ; 25,752 (1989 Census). The population of Terbuny accounts for 32.4% of the district's total population.

Volovsky District, Lipetsk Oblast District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Volovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the oblast. The area of the district is 796 square kilometers (307 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Volovo. Population: 14,632 (2010 Census); 16,374 ; 18,583 (1989 Census). The population of Volovo accounts for 25.5% of the district's total population.

Yeletsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Yeletsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the western central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,170 square kilometers (450 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Yelets. Population: 30,130 (2010 Census); 29,627 ; 33,433 (1989 Census).

Zadonsky District District in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Zadonsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the eighteen in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southern central part of the oblast. The area of the district is 1,503 square kilometers (580 sq mi). Its administrative center is the town of Zadonsk. Population: 34,959 (2010 Census); 37,244 ; 39,281 (1989 Census). The population of Zadonsk accounts for 27.7% of the district's total population.

Volovo, Lipetsk Oblast Selo in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Volovo is a rural locality and the administrative center of Volovsky District of Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. Population: 3,734 (2010 Census); 4,072 (2002 Census); 4,307 (1989 Census).

Izmalkovo, Lipetsk Oblast Rural locality in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Izmalkovo is a rural locality and the administrative center of Izmalkovsky District, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. Population: 4,015 (2010 Census); 4,108 (2002 Census); 4,159 (1989 Census).

Khlevnoye, Lipetsk Oblast Rural locality in Lipetsk Oblast, Russia

Khlevnoye is a rural locality and the administrative center of Khlevensky District, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia. Population: 5,969 (2010 Census); 6,205 (2002 Census); 5,898 (1989 Census).

References

Notes

  1. Article 13 of the Charter of Lipetsk Oblast states that the symbols of the oblast include a flag and a coat of arms, but not an anthem.
  2. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", No. 20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  3. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  4. 1 2 3 Decree of January 6, 1954
  5. Charter of Lipetsk Oblast, Article 13
  6. Charter of Lipetsk Oblast, Article 25
  7. Charter of Lipetsk Oblast, Article 40
  8. Official website of the Administration of Lipetsk Oblast. Oleg Petrovich Korolyov, Head of the Administration of Lipetsk Oblast (in Russian)
  9. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  10. 1 2 3 4 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  11. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  12. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  13. Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  14. Выписки ЕГРЮЛ и ЕГРИП, проверка контрагентов, ИНН и КПП организаций, реквизиты ИП и ООО. СБИС (in Russian). Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  15. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  16. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  17. "ВПН-2010". www.perepis-2010.ru. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  18. "Население ::Липецкстат". lipstat.gks.ru. Retrieved April 5, 2018.
  19. 1 2 3 "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  20. 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources