Lipik

Last updated
Lipik
Grad Lipk
Town of Lipik
Bolnica Lipik 31032012 04 roberta f.jpg
Lipik Hospital
Croatia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Lipik
Location of Lipik Croatia
Coordinates: 45°24′54″N17°09′36″E / 45.415°N 17.16°E / 45.415; 17.16
Country Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia
County Flag of Pozega-Slavonia County.png Požega-Slavonia
Government
  MayorVinko Kasana (HDZ)
Population
 (2011) [1]
   Town 6,170
   Urban
2,258
Time zone UTC+1 (Central European Time)
Postal codes
34551 Lipik
Vehicle registration DA

Lipik is a town in western Slavonia, in the Požega-Slavonia County of northeastern Croatia. It is known for its spas, mineral water and Lipizzaner stables.

Contents

Settlements

The settlements included in the administrative area of Lipik include: [1]

History

Lipik was occupied by Ottoman forces along with several other cities in Slavonia until its liberation in 1691.

In 1773, the warm waters of Lipik were described favorably by a Varaždin doctor. It continued to be used as a treatment spa for over a century, and in 1872, the first hotel was opened in the town. By 1920 the number of hotels grew to six. Spa treatment is still the major focus of economy for the town.

In the late 19th and early 20th century, Lipik was part of the Požega County of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia.

Climate

Climate data for Lipik
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)3
(38)
6
(42)
11
(52)
17
(63)
22
(71)
26
(78)
28
(83)
27
(81)
23
(73)
17
(62)
11
(52)
4
(39)
16
(61)
Average low °C (°F)−4
(24)
−4
(24)
0
(32)
4
(40)
9
(48)
12
(53)
13
(56)
12
(54)
9
(49)
6
(42)
3
(37)
−3
(27)
5
(41)
Average precipitation cm (inches)5.1
(2)
5.3
(2.1)
6.4
(2.5)
6.6
(2.6)
9.1
(3.6)
8.1
(3.2)
7.4
(2.9)
8.4
(3.3)
8.4
(3.3)
11
(4.4)
8.4
(3.3)
6.6
(2.6)
91
(35.8)
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Lipizzan stable

Lipik also hosts a Lipizzan stable that had been built in 1843 under the Habsburg Monarchy. It had previously enjoyed state recognition in Yugoslavia between 1938 and the 1950s, when it was closed in favor of the stable in Lipica, Slovenia. It was reopened in 1981, but then during the Croatian War of Independence the horses were evacuated and taken to Novi Sad, Serbia, where they remained until their negotiated return in 2007. [3]

Notable natives and residents

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References

  1. 1 2 "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Lipik". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.
  2. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Lipik, Croatia". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  3. Boris Orešić (2010-12-28). "Pomor u zajednici bijelih griva - I Lipicance ubijaju, zar ne?". Globus (in Croatian). Archived from the original on January 1, 2011.