List of 20th-century summiters of Mount Everest

Last updated
Mount Everest from the northern side. The snowy peak catching light in front of Everest is Changtse. Mount Everest Tibet.jpg
Mount Everest from the northern side. The snowy peak catching light in front of Everest is Changtse.
A post-card of Everest from the 1920s, the view from Rongbuk glacier (north side) Mount Everest from the Rongbuk Glacier in the 1920s.jpg
A post-card of Everest from the 1920s, the view from Rongbuk glacier (north side)

Mount Everest, at 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) is currently the world's highest mountain and is a particularly desirable peak for mountaineers. This is a list of people who reached the summit of Mount Everest in the 20th century. Overall about 1,383 people summited Everest between 1953 and the end of 2000. [1] After 2000, the number of summiters greatly increased when ascending the mountain became more accessible and more popular. By 2013, 6,871 summits had been recorded by 4,042 different people. [2]



Only six people summited Mount Everest in the 1950s: [1]


In total, 18 people summited in the 1960s. [4] These are some of the ascents:


In total, 78 people summited in the 1970s. [1] These are some of the most notable ascents:

  1. Teruo Matsuura [15]
  2. Naomi Uemura [15]
  3. Katsutoshi Hirabayashi [15]
  4. Chottare Sherpa [15]
  1. Hubert Hillmaier
  2. Sepp Mack (without supplementary oxygen)
  3. Hans Engl
  4. Pierre Mazeaud
  5. Nicolas Jaeger
  6. Kurt Diemberger
  7. Jean Afanassief
  8. Wanda Rutkiewicz
  9. Robert Allenbach
  10. Siegfried Hupfauer
  11. Wilhelm Klimek
  12. Ang Dorje (without supplementary oxygen)
  13. Mingma Sherpa (without supplementary oxygen)
  14. Ang Kami
  15. George Ritter
  16. Berndt Kullmann


In the 1980s, 871 climbers set off from Base Camp; around 180 made the summit; and 56 died. [1] [22] Overall about 356 people summited Everest between 1953 and the end of 1989. [1] [23] These are some of the most notable ascents of the 1980s:


In the 1990s, 3,017 people set off from Base Camp(s); around 900 reached the summit; 55 died. [1] [23] Overall about 1237 people summited Everest between 1953 and the end of 1999. [1] These are some of the most notable ascents in the 1990s:


In total, 146 people summited in 2000. [1] Overall about 1383 people summited Everest between 1953 and the end of 2000. [1] These are some of the most notable ascents in 2000:

See also

Related Research Articles

Ed Viesturs American mountain climber

Edmund Viesturs is a high-altitude mountaineer, corporate speaker, and well known author in the mountain climbing community. He is the only American to have climbed all 14 of the world's eight-thousander mountain peaks, and the fifth person to do so without using supplemental oxygen. Along with Apa Sherpa, he has summitted peaks of over 8,000 meters on 21 occasions, including Mount Everest seven times; only four other climbers, Phurba Tashi Sherpa Mendewa, Juanito Oiarzabal, Namgyal Sherpa, and Ang Dorje Sherpa, have more high-altitude ascents.

Rob Hall

Robert Edwin Hall was a New Zealand mountaineer. He was the head guide of a 1996 Mount Everest expedition during which he, a fellow guide, and two clients died. A best-selling account of the expedition was given in Jon Krakauer's Into Thin Air, and the expedition has been dramatised in the 2015 film Everest. At the time of his death, Hall had just completed his fifth ascent to the summit of Everest, more at that time than any other non-Sherpa mountaineer.

Lakpa Gelu, often spelled Lhakpa, is a Nepalese Sherpa climber born in Jubing - 1, KhariKhola, Solukhumbu, Nepal. He is known for holding a world record for the fastest climbing of Mount Everest in only 10 hours 56 minutes and 46 seconds. Gelu's record-breaking trip was his tenth trip to the summit of the mountain.

Babu Chiri Sherpa

Babu Chiri Sherpa was a Sherpa mountaineer from Nepal. He reached the summit of Mount Everest ten times.

Apa Sherpa

Apa, nicknamed "Super Sherpa", is a Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer who, until 2017, jointly with Phurba Tashi held the record for reaching the summit of Mount Everest more times than any other person. As part of The Eco Everest Expedition 2011, Apa made his 21st Mount Everest summit in May 2011 then retired after a promise to his wife to stop climbing after 22 ascents. He first summited Everest in 1990 and his last time to the summit was in 2011.

Timeline of Mount Everest expeditions

Mount Everest is the world's highest mountain, with a peak at 8,849 metres above sea level. It is situated in the Himalayan range of Solukhumbu district, Nepal.

Ray Genet, often referred to by the nickname Pirate, was a Swiss-born American mountaineer. He was the first guide on North America's highest mountain, Alaska's Denali . Genet is the grandfather of actress Q'Orianka Kilcher.

1996 Mount Everest disaster death of eight climbers on Mount Everest

The 1996 Mount Everest disaster occurred on 10–11 May 1996 when eight climbers caught in a blizzard died on Mount Everest while attempting to descend from the summit. Over the entire season, 12 people died trying to reach the summit making it the deadliest season on Mount Everest at the time and the third deadliest after the 16 fatalities of the 2014 Mount Everest avalanche and the 22 resulting from avalanches caused by the April 2015 Nepal earthquake. The 1996 disaster received widespread publicity and raised questions about the commercialization of Everest.

Hannelore Schmatz

Hannelore Schmatz was a German mountaineer who was the fourth woman to summit Mount Everest. She collapsed and died as she was returning from summiting Everest via the southern route; Schmatz was the first woman and first German citizen to die on the upper slopes of Everest.

Phurba Tashi Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer

Phurba Tashi Sherpa Mendewa is a Nepalese Sherpa mountaineer known for his numerous ascents of major Himalayan peaks. He holds the record for the most total ascents of eight-thousanders, with 30. These include twenty-one ascents of Mount Everest, five on Cho Oyu, two on Manaslu, and one each on Shishapangma and Lhotse.

On 9 September 1974, the West Ridge Direct on Mount Everest was attempted by a French expedition. It resulted in the deaths of six climbers in an avalanche on the way to the summit. These deaths took the total number of fatalities on the mountain to 36.

Ang Dorje Sherpa

Ang Dorje (Chhuldim) Sherpa is a Nepali sherpa mountaineering guide, climber and porter from Pangboche, Nepal, who has climbed to the summit of Mount Everest 20 times. He was the climbing Sirdar for Rob Hall's Adventure Consultants expedition to Everest in spring 1996, when a freak storm led to the deaths of eight climbers from several expeditions, considered one of the worst disasters in the history of Everest mountaineering.

Lhakpa Sherpa is a Nepalese Sherpa mountain climber. She has climbed Mount Everest nine times, the most of any woman in the world. In 2000, She became the first Nepalese woman to climb and descend Everest successfully. In 2016, she was listed as one of BBC's 100 Women.

Kami Rita is a Nepali Sherpa guide who, since May 2018, has held the record for most ascents to the summit of Mount Everest. Most recently, he scaled the mountain for a 24th time on 21 May 2019, eclipsing his record set 15 May 2019. His father was among the first professional Sherpa guides after Everest was opened to foreign mountaineers in 1950. His brother, also a guide, scaled Everest 17 times.

Indian summiters of Mount Everest Wikipedia list article

The first attempts to summit Mount Everest by Indians were in 1960. The first Indians to reach the summit were a group led by Captain M.S. Kohli in 1965. 422 Indians made a total of 465 attempts between 1965 and 2018. These include 43 repeat attempts by 29 summiteers. There have been 81 attempts by 74 women and 7 repeat attempts by 4 female summiteers from India. A total of 8 Indian summiteers have died while attempting to descend Mount Everest.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Summits by Year". Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  2. "Everest by the Numbers: The Latest Summit Stats". Retrieved 2015-06-20.
  3. 1 2 "Ernst Schmied". Retrieved 2010-04-10.
  4. "Everest Summits in the 1960s". Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  5. "Jim Whittaker". Retrieved 2010-02-13.
  6. 1 2 Isserman, Maurice (February–March 2007). "Highest Adventure". American Heritage. Archived from the original on 2008-12-03.
  7. Weaver, S.A. (2008). Fallen Giants: A History of Himalayan Mountaineering from the Age of Empire to the Age of Extremes. Yale University Press. p. 371. ISBN   9780300142662 . Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  8. "First successful Indian Expedition of 1965-".
  9. "First successful Indian Expedition of 1965-".
  10. "First successful Indian Expedition of 1965".
  11. Kohli, M. S. (December 2000). Nine Atop Everest-First successful Indian Expedition of 1965-. ISBN   9788173871115.
  12. "The first Indians on Everest-First successful Indian Expedition of 1965".
  13. "Time line". Archived from the original on 2010-05-26. Retrieved 2010-05-25.
  15. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 " Everest Summits in the 1970's". Archived from the original on 2009-10-14. Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  16. Gillman 1993 , pp. 94–95
  17. 1 2 3 4 "Full list of all ascents of Everest up to and including 2010". 2011-09-24. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  18. Bonington, Chris (1976). Everest The Hard Way. Hodder & Stoughton.
  19. Coffey, M. (2005). Where the Mountain Casts Its Shadow: The Dark Side of Extreme Adventure. St. Martin's Press. p. 142. ISBN   9780312339012 . Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  20. Joint British Army & Royal Nepalese Army Everest Expedition Archived 2009-01-31 at the Wayback Machine
  21. 1 2 PBS NOVA. "Everest – First without oxygen" . Retrieved 2008-03-27.
  22. PBS - Storm on Everest - Teams on the Southeast Ridge May 10-11, 1996
  23. 1 2 PBS - Storm on Everest - Teams on the Southeast Ridge May 10-11, 1996
  24. 1 2 3 4 5 "Everest Summits in the 1980–1985". Retrieved 2010-04-05.
  25. Messner, Reinhold (1989). The Crystal Horizon: Everest-The First Solo Ascent . Mountaineers Books. p.  90. ISBN   9780898865745.
  26. "Una expedición vasca, primera española que corona el Everest". El País . Retrieved 2015-11-03.
  27. Kukuczka
  28. 1 2 3 James, Victoria (27 May 2012). "Japan's Everest timeline". Japan Times . p. 8.
  29. Bonington, Chris (2002). Chris Bonington's Everest. Weidenfeld & Nicolson. p.  138. ISBN   1-84188-230-5.
  30. 1 2 3 John Amatt. "Mount Everest Expedition". The Canadian Encyclopedia . Retrieved August 29, 2019.
  31. Gilman 1993, pp. 366–371.
  32. " Takashi Ozaki" . Retrieved 2015-08-16.
  33. 1 2 "Everest". SummitPost. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  34. "October 20, 2004 marks the twenty year anniversary of Phil Ershler's 1984 historical ascent becoming the first American to climb the north wall of Mt. Everest".
  35. 1 2 Everest - 1980-1985
  36. "A view from the top of the world". BBC News. 15 February 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-06.
  37. Harlin, John (May 1989). "Get Down". Backpacker: 11.
  38. "Everest 2008: Marc Batard back for speed record attempt on north side". 21 January 2008. Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  39. "Backgrounder: Timeline of Mt. Qomolangma expeditions" . Retrieved 2008-07-01.
  40. Unsworth 2000, p. 610.
  41. "Everest Summits: 1989". Archived from the original on 2008-05-18. Retrieved 2010-04-05.
  42. 1 2 Summiters 1990s
  43. 1 2 3
  44. Leeds Davis (2017). "Hooman Aprin, 1946 – 2015 – In Memoriam". American Alpine Club. Golden, CO, USA. Retrieved 15 November 2017.
  45. 1 2 3 "Everest - Mount Everest by climbers, news". Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  46. "Brother in mission to lay past to rest". New Zealand Herald. 2004-03-27. ISSN   1170-0777 . Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  47. Everest: From Sea to Summit. Australian Geographic. 1991. ISBN   978-1-86276-009-7.
  48. "MT. EVEREST EXPEDITION CONDUCTED BY ITBP" (PDF). Indo-Tibet Border Police. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 13, 2015.
  49. Eberhard Jurgalski. "Ascents – Everest" (PDF, ca. 355 KB). Retrieved 2010-08-04.
  50. Reinhold Messner (2014). Everest: Expedition to the Ultimate. Vertebrate Publishing. p. 300. ISBN   9781910240212.
  51. "Around the City". The Hindu. 31 January 2006. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  52. 1 2 3 4 "The Sherpas of Everest Series" . Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  53. Encyclopaedia of Indian Events & Dates - By S. B. Bhattacherje - Page A274 (Google Books]
  54. 1 2 "Everest Summits:1993". Retrieved 2010-04-05.
  55. 1 2 3 4 5 6
  56. 1 2 3
  57. "Lists of Ascents | Climber Lists: Everest, K2 and other 8000ers". Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  58. 1 2
  59. "Tom Whittaker".
  60. "Records". Everest Summiteer Association. Archived from the original on 2010-09-01.
  61. "Sherpa Attempts Everest Speed Climbing Record". Retrieved 2012-10-24.
  62. "Sherpa Attempts Everest Speed Climbing Record". Archived from the original on 2000-09-18. Retrieved 2012-10-24.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  63. Douglas, Ed (4 May 1999). "Myth of Mallory preserved in Everest's ice and snow". The Guardian. London.
  64. "everest-60-facts-about-the-worlds-tallest-mountain" . Retrieved 1 August 2015.
  65. "Babu Chiri Sherpa has died". 2001-04-29. Retrieved 2010-12-13.
  66. "Himalayan Experience (Himex) Climbing Sherpas: Phurba Tashi".
  67. "8000ers climbing records: Phurba Tashi". Apr 17, 2008.
  68. "Elsa Ávila Bello aka Elsa Carsolio". Retrieved 2010-04-05.
  70. "Himalaya: las cimas de Ecuador" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-03.
  71. "Everest Summiteers Association - Georgia". Retrieved 2015-07-10.
  72. 1 2
  73. 1 2 Sherpa, Sherap. "USA". Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  74. About to scale peak a seventh time, Connecticut 7-Eleven clerk is Everest’s greatest ever female climber Barney Henderson, The Telegraph | May 16, 2016 12:12 PM ET
  75. " Everest 2000 Summit List". Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  76. Sherpa, Sherap. "Netherlands". Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  77. Blind American Scales Mount Everest By Binaj Gurubacharya Associated Press Writer Friday, May 25, 2001
  78. "Everest summits 1351 - 1500". Retrieved 2017-05-14.
  79. "The man who skied down Everest". The Independent.
  80. "Everest only complete ski descent flashback: Davo Karnicar's non-stop ride". 28 June 2006. Archived from the original on 19 October 2007. Retrieved 2009-11-30.