List of Finance Ministers of France

Last updated

This is a list of French finance ministers , including the equivalent positions of Superintendent of Finances and Controller-General of Finances during the ancien régime .

Contents

Superintendents of Finances, 1518–1661

SuperintendentTerm startTerm end
Jacques de Beaune, lord de Semblançay15181524
Philibert Babou 15241544
Jean du Thiers, lord de Beauregard15441546
Claude d'Annebault 15461552
André Guillart 15521556
Jean d'Avançon 15561559
Charles, Cardinal of Lorraine 15591560
Artus de Cossé-Brissac and Louis d'Ongnyes, comte de Chaulnes15611567
René de Birague 15681570
Pomponne de Bellièvre 15741588
François d'O 15881594
Maximilien de Béthune, duc de Sully15981611
Pierre Jeannin 16141619
Henri de Schomberg, comte de Nanteuil16191622
Charles, marquis de La Vieuville 16231624
Jean Bochart de Champigny and Michel de Marillac 16241626
Antoine Coëffier de Ruzé, marquis d'Effiat16261632
Claude de Bullion and Claude Bouthillier 16321640
Claude Bouthillier 16401643
Nicolas de Bailleul and Claude de Mesmes, comte d'Avaux 16431647
Michel Particelli d'Emery 16471648
Armand-Charles de La Porte, maréchal-duc de La Meilleraye16481649
Michel Particelli d'Emery and Claude de Mesmes, comte d'Avaux 16491650
René de Longueil, marquis de Maisons16501651
Charles, duc de La Vieuville 16511653
Abel Servien and Nicolas Fouquet 3 February 165316 February 1659
Nicolas Fouquet 16 February 16594 May 1661

Comptrollers-General of Finances, 1661–1791

Comptroller-GeneralTerm startTerm end
Jean-Baptiste Colbert 4 May 16616 September 1683
Claude Le Pelletier 16831689
Louis Phélypeaux, comte de Ponchartrain 20 September 16891699
Michel Chamillart 5 September 169920 February 1708
Nicolas Desmarets 20 February 170815 September 1715
Adrien Maurice, duc de Noailles

(President of the Finances Council)

1 October 171528 January 1718
Henri-Jacques Nompar de Caumont, duc de la Force

(vice-President of the Finances Council)

28 January 17185 January 1720
Marc-René de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson (1652–1721)

(President of the Finances Council)

28 January 17185 January 1720
John Law 5 January 172028 May 1720
Michel Robert Le Peletier des Forts

(Commissioner of Finance)

28 May 172011 December 1720
Félix Le Pelletier de La Houssaye 11 December 172021 April 1722
Charles Gaspard Dodun 21 April 172214 June 1726
Michel Robert Le Peletier des Forts 14 June 172619 March 1730
Philibert Orry 19 March 17305 December 1745
Jean-Baptiste de Machault d'Arnouville 6 December 174530 July 1754
Jean Moreau de Séchelles 30 July 175424 April 1756
François Marie Peyrenc de Moras 24 April 175625 August 1757
Jean de Boullonges 25 August 17574 March 1759
Étienne de Silhouette 4 March 175921 November 1759
Henri Léonard Jean Baptiste Bertin 23 November 175914 December 1763
Clément Charles François de Laverdy 14 December 176320 September 1768
Étienne Maynon d'Invault 22 September 176819 December 1769
Joseph Marie Terray 22 December 176924 August 1774
Anne Robert Jacques Turgot 24 August 177412 May 1776
Jean Étienne Bernard Ogier de Clugny 21 May 177618 October 1776
Louis-Gabriel Taboureau des Réaux 21 October 177629 June 1777
Jacques Necker

(Director-General of Finances)

29 June 177719 May 1781
Jean-François Joly de Fleury 21 May 178129 March 1783
Henri François de Paule Lefèvre d'Ormesson 29 March 17831 November 1783
Charles Alexandre de Calonne 3 November 17839 April 1787
Michel Bouvard de Fourqueux 10 April 17871 May 1787
Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne

(President of the Royal Council of Finances)

1 May 178725 August 1788
Jacques Necker

(Director-General of Finances)

26 August 178811 July 1789
Louis Charles Auguste Le Tonnelier, baron de Breteuil

(President of the Royal Council of Finances)

13 July 178916 July 1789
Jacques Necker

(Director-General of Finances)

16 July 17894 September 1790
Charles Claude Guillaume Lambert 4 September 17904 December 1790
Claude Antoine Valdec de Lessart 4 December 179027 April 1791

Ministers of Finance, 1791–1944

MinisterTerm startTerm end
Claude Antoine Valdec de Lessart 27 April 179129 May 1791
Louis Hardouin Tarbé 29 May 179124 March 1792
Étienne Clavière 24 March 179213 June 1792
Antoine Duranthon 13 June 179218 June 1792
Jules Émile François Hervé de Beaulieu 18 June 179229 July 1792
Joseph Delaville-Leroulx 29 July 179210 August 1792
Étienne Clavière 10 August 179213 June 1793
Louis Grégoire Des Champs des Tournelles 13 June 179320 April 1794
20 April 17948 November 1795
Guillaume-Charles Faipoult 8 November 179514 February 1796
Dominique-Vincent Ramel de Nogaret 14 February 179620 July 1799
Robert Lindet 20 July 179910 November 1799
Martin Michel Charles Gaudin, duc de Gaète 10 November 17991 April 1814
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 3 April 181420 March 1815
Martin Michel Charles Gaudin, duc de Gaète20 March 18157 July 1815
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 9 July 181526 September 1815
Louis Emmanuel, comte Corvetto 26 September 18157 December 1818
Antoine Roy 7 December 181829 December 1818
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 29 December 181819 November 1819
Antoine Roy 19 November 181914 December 1821
Jean-Baptiste de Villèle 14 December 18214 January 1828
Antoine, comte Roy 4 January 18288 August 1829
Christophe, comte de Chabrol de Crouzol 8 August 182919 May 1830
Guillaume Isidore, comte de Montbel 19 May 183031 July 1830
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 31 July 18302 November 1830
Jacques Laffitte 2 November 183013 March 1831
Joseph Dominique, baron Louis 13 March 183111 October 1832
Jean-Georges Humann 11 October 183210 November 1834
Hippolyte Passy 10 November 183418 November 1834
Jean-Georges Humann 18 November 183418 January 1836
Antoine, comte d'Argout 18 January 18366 September 1836
Charles Marie Tanneguy Duchâtel 6 September 183615 April 1837
Jean Pierre Joseph Lacave-Laplagne 15 April 183731 March 1839
Jean-Élie Gautier 31 March 183912 May 1839
Hippolyte Passy 12 May 18391 March 1840
Privat Joseph Claramont, comte Pelet de la Lozère 1 March 184029 October 1840
Jean-Georges Humann 29 October 184025 April 1842
Jean Pierre Joseph Lacave-Laplagne 25 April 18429 May 1847
Pierre Sylvain Dumon 9 May 184724 February 1848
Michel Goudchaux 24 February 18485 March 1848
Louis Antoine Garnier-Pagès 5 March 184811 May 1848
Charles Duclerc 11 May 184828 June 1848
Michel Goudchaux 28 June 184825 October 1848
Ariste Jacques Trouvé-Chauvel 25 October 184820 December 1848
Hippolyte Passy 20 December 184831 October 1849
Achille Fould 31 October 184924 January 1851
Charles Le Bègue de Germiny 24 January 185110 April 1851
Achille Fould 10 April 185126 October 1851
Antoine Blondel 26 October 185123 November 1851
François, comte de Casabianca 23 November 18513 December 1851
Achille Fould 3 December 185122 January 1852
Jean-Martial Bineau 22 January 18523 February 1855
Pierre Magne 3 February 185526 November 1860
Adolphe Forcade La Roquette 26 November 186014 November 1861
Achille Fould 14 November 186120 January 1867
Eugène Rouher 20 January 186713 November 1867
Pierre Magne 13 November 18672 January 1870
Louis Buffet 2 January 187014 April 1870
Émile Alexis Segris 14 April 187010 August 1870
Pierre Magne 10 August 18704 September 1870
Ernest Picard 4 September 187019 February 1871
Louis Buffet 19 February 187125 February 1871
Augustin Pouver-Quertier 25 February 187123 April 1872
Eugène de Goulard 23 April 18727 December 1872
Léon Say 7 December 187225 May 1873
Pierre Magne 25 May 187320 July 1874
Pierre Mathieu-Bodet 20 July 187410 March 1875
Léon Say 10 March 187517 May 1877
Eugène Caillaux 17 May 187723 November 1877
François Dutilleul 23 November 187713 December 1877
Léon Say 13 December 187728 December 1879
Pierre Magnin 28 December 187914 November 1881
François Allain-Targé 14 November 188130 January 1882
Léon Say 30 January 18827 August 1882
Pierre Tirard 7 August 18826 April 1885
Jean Clamageran 6 April 188516 April 1885
Marie François Sadi Carnot 16 April 188511 December 1886
Albert Dauphin 11 December 188630 May 1887
Maurice Rouvier 30 May 188712 December 1887
Pierre Tirard 12 December 18873 April 1888
Paul Peytral 3 April 188822 February 1889
Maurice Rouvier 22 February 188912 December 1892
Pierre Tirard 13 December 18924 April 1893
Paul Peytral 4 April 18933 December 1893
Auguste Burdeau 3 December 189330 May 1894
Raymond Poincaré 30 May 189426 January 1895
Alexandre Ribot 26 January 18951 November 1895
Paul Doumer 1 November 189529 April 1896
Georges Cochery 29 April 189628 June 1898
Paul Peytral 28 June 189822 June 1899
Joseph Caillaux 22 June 18997 June 1902
Maurice Rouvier 7 June 190217 June 1905
Pierre Merlou 17 June 190514 March 1906
Raymond Poincaré 14 March 190625 October 1906
Joseph Caillaux 25 October 190624 July 1909
Georges Cochery 24 July 19093 November 1910
Louis Lucien Klotz 3 November 19102 March 1911
Joseph Caillaux 2 March 191127 June 1911
Louis Lucien Klotz 27 June 191122 March 1913
Charles Dumont 22 March 19139 December 1913
Joseph Caillaux 9 December 191317 March 1914
René Renoult 17 March 19149 June 1914
Étienne Clémentel 9 June 191413 June 1914
Joseph Noulens 13 June 191426 August 1914
Alexandre Ribot 26 August 191420 March 1917
Joseph Thierry 20 March 191712 September 1917
Louis Lucien Klotz 12 September 191720 January 1920
Frédéric François-Marsal 20 January 192016 January 1921
Paul Doumer 16 January 192115 January 1922
Charles de Lasteyrie 15 January 192229 March 1924
Frédéric François-Marsal 29 March 192414 June 1924
Étienne Clementel 14 June 19243 April 1925
Anatole de Monzie 3 April 192517 April 1925
Joseph Caillaux 17 April 192529 October 1925
Paul Painlevé 29 October 192528 November 1925
Louis Loucheur 28 November 192516 December 1925
Paul Doumer 16 December 19259 March 1926
Raoul Péret 9 March 192623 June 1926
Joseph Caillaux 23 June 192619 July 1926
Anatole de Monzie 19 July 192623 July 1926
Raymond Poincaré 23 July 192611 November 1928
Henry Chéron 11 November 192821 February 1930
Charles Dumont 21 February 19302 March 1930
Paul Reynaud 2 March 193013 December 1930
Louis Germain-Martin 13 December 193027 January 1931
Pierre Étienne Flandin 27 January 19313 June 1932
Louis Germain-Martin 3 June 193218 December 1932
Henry Chéron 18 December 193231 January 1933
Georges Bonnet 31 January 193330 January 1934
François Piétri 30 January 19344 February 1934
Paul Marchandeau 4 February 19349 February 1934
Louis Germain-Martin 9 February 19341 June 1935
Joseph Caillaux 1 June 19357 June 1935
Marcel Régnier 7 June 19354 June 1936
Vincent Auriol 4 June 193622 June 1937
Georges Bonnet 22 June 193718 January 1938
Paul Marchandeau 18 January 193813 March 1938
Léon Blum 13 March 193810 April 1938
Paul Marchandeau 10 April 19381 November 1938
Paul Reynaud 1 November 193821 March 1940
Lucien Lamoureux 21 March 19405 June 1940
Yves Bouthillier 5 June 194018 April 1942
Pierre Cathala 18 April 194219 August 1944

Free French Commissioners of Finance, 1941–1944

CommissionerTerm startTerm end
René Pleven 24 September 194117 October 1942
André Diethelm 17 October 19427 June 1943
Maurice Couve de Murville 7 June 19439 November 1943
Pierre Mendès-France 9 November 19434 September 1944

Ministers of Finance, 1944–present

MinisterTerm startTerm end
Aimé Lepercq 4 September 19449 November 1944
René Pleven 16 November 194426 January 1946
André Philip 26 January 194624 June 1946
Robert Schuman 24 June 194618 December 1946
André Philip 18 December 194622 January 1947
Robert Schuman 22 January 194724 November 1947
René Mayer 24 November 194726 July 1948
Paul Reynaud 26 July 19485 September 1948
Christian Pineau 5 September 194811 September 1948
Henri Queuille 11 September 194812 January 1949
Maurice Petsche 12 January 194911 August 1951
René Mayer 11 August 195120 January 1952
Edgar Faure 20 January 19528 March 1952
Antoine Pinay 8 March 19528 January 1953
Maurice Bourgès-Maunoury 8 January 195328 June 1953
Edgar Faure 28 June 195320 January 1955
Robert Buron 20 January 195523 February 1955
Pierre Pflimlin 23 February 19551 February 1956
Robert Lacoste 1 February 195614 February 1956
Paul Ramadier 14 February 195613 June 1957
Félix Gaillard 13 June 19576 November 1957
Pierre Pflimlin 6 November 195714 May 1958
Edgar Faure 14 May 19581 June 1958
Antoine Pinay 1 June 195813 January 1960
Wilfrid Baumgartner 13 January 196019 January 1962
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing 19 January 19628 January 1966
Michel Debré 8 January 196630 May 1968
Maurice Couve de Murville 30 May 196810 July 1968
François-Xavier Ortoli 10 July 196816 June 1969
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing 16 June 196928 May 1974
Jean-Pierre Fourcade 28 May 197427 August 1976
Raymond Barre 27 August 19765 April 1978
René Monory 5 April 197822 May 1981
Jacques Delors 22 May 198119 July 1984
Pierre Bérégovoy 19 July 198420 March 1986
Édouard Balladur 20 March 198612 May 1988
Pierre Bérégovoy 12 May 19882 April 1992
Michel Sapin 2 April 199229 March 1993
Edmond Alphandéry 29 March 199318 May 1995
Alain Madelin 18 May 199525 August 1995
Jean Arthuis 25 August 19954 June 1997
Dominique Strauss-Kahn 4 June 19972 November 1999
Christian Sautter 2 November 199928 March 2000
Laurent Fabius 28 March 20007 May 2002
Francis Mer 7 May 200231 March 2004
Nicolas Sarkozy 31 March 200428 November 2004
Hervé Gaymard 30 November 200425 February 2005
Thierry Breton 25 February 200518 May 2007
Jean-Louis Borloo 18 May 200719 June 2007
Christine Lagarde 19 June 200729 June 2011
François Baroin 29 June 201115 May 2012
Pierre Moscovici 16 May 201231 March 2014
Emmanuel Macron 26 August 201430 August 2016
Michel Sapin 30 August 201617 May 2017
Bruno Le Maire 17 May 2017

See also

Related Research Articles

Valéry Giscard dEstaing French official and statesman

Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing, also known as Giscard or VGE, is a former French politician who served as President of France from 1974 to 1981.

Minister of Finance (Canada) minister in the Cabinet of Canada

The Minister of Finance is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible each year for presenting the federal government's budget. It is one of the most important positions in the Cabinet.

Ministry of the Economy and Finance (France) Ministry in charge with Frances national funds and financial and economic system

The Ministry of the Economy and Finance, informally referred to as Bercy, is one of the most important ministries in the Government of France. Its minister is one of the most prominent cabinet members after the Prime Minister. The name of the ministry has changed over time; it has included the terms "economy", "industry", "finance" and "employment" through history.

The Trésor public is the national administration of the Treasury in France. It is headed by the general directorate of public finances in the Ministry of the Economy, Finance and Industry.

Hervé Gaymard French politician

Hervé Gaymard is a French politician and a member of The Republicans conservative party. He served as the country's Minister of Finances from 30 November 2004 until his resignation on 25 February 2005.

Government of France body exerting the executive power in France

The Government of the French Republic exercises executive power in France. It is composed of the Prime Minister, who is the head of government, and both junior and senior ministers. Senior ministers are titled as Ministers, whereas junior ministers are titled as Secretaries of State.

François Piétri French politician

François Piétri was a minister in several governments in the later years of the French Third Republic and was French ambassador to Spain from 1940 to 1944 under the Vichy regime.

Ministry of Public Finance (Romania) ministry in Romania

The Ministry of Public Finance of Romania is one of the fifteen ministries of the Government of Romania.

The Controller-General or Comptroller-General of Finances was the name of the minister in charge of finances in France from 1661 to 1791. The position replaced the former position of Superintendent of Finances, which was abolished with the downfall of Nicolas Fouquet.

Superintendent of Finances Finance minister of France from 1561 to 1661

The Superintendent of Finances was the name of the minister in charge of finances in France from 1561 to 1661. The position was abolished in 1661 with the downfall of Nicolas Fouquet, and a new position was created, the Controller-General of Finances.

The Conseil du Roi, also known as the Royal Council, is a general term for the administrative and governmental apparatus around the King of France during the Ancien Régime designed to prepare his decisions and give him advice. It should not be confused with the role and title of a "Conseil du Roi", a type of public prosecutor in the French legal system at the same period.

Claude Antoine de Valdec de Lessart French politician

Antoine Claude Nicolas Valdec de Lessart was a French politician. He was the illegitimate son of the Baron de Gasq, Président of the Parlement de Guyenne.

Michel Sapin French politician

Michel Sapin is a former French politician.

Ministry of Public Action and Accounts

The Ministry of Public Action and Accounts is a ministry of the Government of France. It was created by President Nicolas Sarkozy in 2007, when he split the Ministry of Finance and the Economy into the Ministry of Budget, Public Accounts and Civil Administration and the Ministry of the Economy, Industry and Employment. Éric Woerth became the first Budget Minister to have a dedicated ministry since Sarkozy himself in 1995.

Politics of France Overview of Frances government and democratic system

The politics of France take place with the framework of a semi-presidential system determined by the French Constitution of the French Fifth Republic. The nation declares itself to be an "indivisible, secular, democratic, and social Republic". The constitution provides for a separation of powers and proclaims France's "attachment to the Rights of Man and the principles of national sovereignty as defined by the Declaration of 1789."

The Ministry of Finance is a prominent department in the government of Quebec. Its official purpose is to "foster economic development and advise the government on financial matters," and the department's responsibilities include providing advice in budgetary, fiscal, economic, financial and accounting matters.

The Ministry of Finance was a ministry of the Ottoman Empire.

The Associate Minister of Minister of Finance is a member of the Canadian cabinet who is responsible for various files within the finance department as assigned by the Finance Minister.