List of French consorts

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Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of King Louis XVI, was beheaded during the French Revolution. Marie Antoinette Adult.jpg
Queen Marie Antoinette, wife of King Louis XVI, was beheaded during the French Revolution.

This is a list of the women who were queens or empresses as wives of French monarchs from the 843 Treaty of Verdun, which gave rise to West Francia, until 1870, when the French Third Republic was declared.

Contents

Carolingian dynasty

NameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queen Coronation Ceased to be queenDeathSpouse
Ermentrude of Orléans Odo, Count of Orléans 823842869 Charles the Bald
Richilde of Provence Bivin of Gorze c. 8458705/6 October 8772 June 910
Adelaide of Paris Adalard of Paris c. 850-853February 8755/6 October 87710 April 87910 November 901 Louis the Stammerer
Richardis Erchanger, Count of Nordgauc. 84086212 December 88413 January 88818 September, 894-896 Charles the Fat
Théodrate of Troyes 868before 885February 8881 January 898903 Odo
Frederonne 887907917 Charles the Simple
Eadgifu of Wessex Edward the Elder 9027 October 919922after 955
Beatrice of Vermandois Herbert I, Count of Vermandois c. 880895922923after 931 Robert I
Emma of France Robert I of France 89492113 July 923934 Rudolph
Gerberga of Saxony Henry the Fowler c. 91393910 September 9545 May 984 Louis IV
Emma of Italy Lothair II of Italy c. 94896526 March 986? Lothair
NameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouse

Capetian dynasty

Direct Capetians

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
Adelaide of Aquitaine William III, Duke of Aquitaine c. 9459703 July 98724 October 9961004 Hugh
Rozala of Italy Berengar II of Italy c. 937988/9899969967 February 1003 Robert II
Bertha of Burgundy Conrad I of Burgundy c. 95299610001035?
Constance of Arles William I, Count of Provence 986100320 July 103125 July 1034
Matilda of Frisia Liudolf, Margrave of Frisia c. 102410341044 Henry I
Anne of Kiev Yaroslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev c. 102419 May 10514 August 10601075
Bertha of Holland Floris I, Count of Holland c. 1055107210921094 Philip I
Bertrade de Montfort Simon I de Montfort c. 107015 May 109229 July 11081117
Adelaide of Maurienne Humbert II, Count of Savoy 10923 August 11151 August 113718 November 1154 Louis VI
Aleanor of Aqutaine and Henri II 1.jpg Eleanor of Aquitaine William X, Duke of Aquitaine 112222 July 1137113725 December 113721 March 1152
annulment
1 April 1204 Louis VII
Constance Castile odLouise7.jpg Constance of Castile Alfonso VII of León and Castile 1141115411541160
Adela of Champagne Theobald II, Count of Champagne c. 11401164?18 September 11804 June 1206
Isabella of Hainault Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut 5 April 1170118029 May 11801190 Philip II Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Blason fr Hainaut ancien.svg
Ingeborg of denmark.jpg Ingeborg of Denmark Valdemar I of Denmark 117515 August 119325 August 11935 November 1193
separated
29 July 1236 Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Insigne Danicum.svg
Agnes of Merania Berthold IV, Duke of Merania about 1175June 1196?1200
repudiated
20 July 1201 Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg COA family de Meranie.svg
Ingeborg of denmark.jpg Ingeborg of Denmark Valdemar I of Denmark 117515 August 11931200
restored
14 July 1223
husband's death
29 July 1236 Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Insigne Danicum.svg
Blanche of Castile Alfonso VIII of Castile 4 March 118822 May 120014 July 12236 August 12238 November 122626 November 1252 Louis VIII Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Royal Arms of Castille (1214-15th Century).svg
Margaret of Provence Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Provence c. 122127 May 1234?25 August 127021 December 1295 Louis IX Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Isabella of Aragon James I of Aragon 124728 May 126225 August 1270Not crowned28 January 1271 Philip III Arms of the Kings of France (France Ancien).svg Royal arms of Aragon.svg
Maria of Brabant Henry III, Duke of Brabant 125421 August 127424 June 12755 October 128510 January 1322 COA franch queen Marie de Brabant.svg
Joan I of Navarre Henry I of Navarre 14 January 1273 [1] 16 August 12845 October 12855 January 12864 April 1305 Philip IV Arms of Jeanne de Champagne.svg
Marketa pecet.jpg Margaret of Burgundy Robert II, Duke of Burgundy 129023 September 130529 November 1314uncrowned15 August 1315 Louis X [2]
Clemence d'Anjou.jpg Clementia of Hungary Charles Martel of Anjou 129319 August 131524 August 13155 June 131612 October 1328 Arms of Clemence de Hongrie.svg
Jeanne II, Countess of Burgundy, Queen of France and Navarre.jpg Joan II, Countess of Burgundy Otto IV, Count of Burgundy 1291130720 November 13169 January 13173 January 132221 January 1330 Philip V of France Coat of Arms of Joan II and Blanche of Burgundy as Queens Consort of Navarre.svg
Blanka hlava.jpg Blanche of Burgundy c. 129613083 January 1322uncrowned19 May 1322April 1326 Charles IV [3]
Marieluxembourgfrenchqueen.jpg Marie of Luxembourg Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor 130421 September 132215 May 132326 March 1324 Coat of Arms of Marie of Luxembourg as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg
Jeanne d'Evreux mini.jpg Jeanne d'Évreux Louis, Count of Évreux 13105 July 132511 May 13261 February 1328 husband's death4 March 1371 Coat of Arms of Jeanne d'Evreux as Queen Consort of Navarre.svg
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms

House of Valois

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
Jeanne de Bourgogne et Jean de Vignay.jpg Joan the Lame Robert II, Duke of Burgundy 24 June 1293July 13131 April 132829 May 132812 September 1348 Philip VI Coat of Arms of Jeanne of Bourgogne (1293-1349).svg
Trojice Saint Denis.jpg Blanche of Navarre Philip III of Navarre 1330–133329 January 1350not crowned22 August 1350 husband's death5 October 1398 Arms of Blanche de Navarre.svg
Jan jana.jpg Joanna I of Auvergne William XII, Count of Auvergne 8 May 132613 February 134922 August 135026 September 135029 September 1360 John II Coat of Arms of Jeanne of Auvergne.svg
Johana Bourbon.jpg Joanna of Bourbon Peter I, Duke of Bourbon 3 February 1338April 13508 April 136419 May 13646 February 1378 Charles V Coat of Arms of Joan of Bourbon.svg
Christine de Pisan and Queen Isabeau detail.jpg Isabeau of Bavaria Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria c. 137017 July 1385138921 October 1422
husband's death
24 September 1435 Charles VI Coat of Arms of Isabeau of Bavaria (round shild).svg
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms

House of Lancaster

Some sources refer to Margaret of Anjou as Queen of France, [4] but her right to enjoy that title is disputed. She was briefly recognized only in English-controlled territories of France. (See also: Dual monarchy of England and France)

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
MargaretAnjou.jpg Margaret of Anjou René of Naples 23 March 143023 April 1445not crowned as Queen of France19 October 1453
defeat of the English in the Hundred Years' War
25 August 1482 Henry VI of England Arms of Margaret of Anjou.svg
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms

Capetian dynasty

House of Valois

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
Marie of Anjou Louis II of Naples 14 October 140418 December 1422?22 July 1461
husband's death
1463 Charles VII CoA of Marie of Anjou.png
Charlotte de Savoie.jpg Charlotte of Savoy Louis, Duke of Savoy 144314 February 145122 July 1461?30 August 1483
husband's death
1 December 1483 Louis XI CoA of Charlotte of Savoy.png
BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (detail).jpg Anne of Brittany Francis II, Duke of Brittany 25 January 14776 December 14918 February 14927 April 1498
husband's death
9 January 1514 Charles VIII Coat of Arms of Anne de Bretagne.svg
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms

House of Valois-Orléans

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
St. Jeanne de Valois.jpg Joan of Valois Louis XI of France 23 April 14648 September 14767 April 1498
husband's ascension
Not crowned17 December 1498
annulment
4 February 1505 Louis XII CoA of Joan of France.png
BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (detail).jpg Anne of Brittany Francis II, Duke of Brittany 25 January 14778 January 149918 November 15049 January 1514 Coat of Arms of Anne de Bretagne.svg
1496 Mary Tudor.jpg Mary Tudor Henry VII of England 18 March 14969 October 15145 November 15141 January 1515
husband's death
25 June 1533 CoA of Mary of England.png
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms

House of Valois-Angoulême

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
Claude of France, Duchess of Brittany.jpg Claude of France Louis XII of France 14 October 149918 May 15141 January 1515
husband's ascension
10 May 151720 July 1524 Francis I Coat of Arms of Claude de France.svg
Joos van Cleve 003.jpg Eleanor of Austria Philip I of Castile 15 November 14984 July 15305 March 153231 March 1547
husband's death
25 February 1558 CoA of Eleanor of Austria.png
Catherine-de-medici.jpg Catherine de' Medici Lorenzo II de' Medici, Duke of Urbino 13 April 151928 October 153331 March 1547
husband's ascension
10 June 154910 July 1559
husband's death
5 January 1589 Henry II CoA of queen Catherine de Medicis.png
Francois Clouet - Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-87) - Google Art Project.jpg Mary, Queen of Scots James V of Scotland 8 December 154224 April 155810 July 1559
husband's ascension
Not crowned as queen of France5 December 1560
husband's death
8 February 1587 Francis II Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland (1559-1560).svg
Elizabeth d Autriche by Francois Clouet 1510 1572.jpg Elisabeth of Austria Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor 5 June 155426 November 157025 March 157130 May 1574
husband's death
22 January 1592 Charles IX CoA of Elizabeth of Austria (queen of France).png
In the manner of Francois Clouet - Louise de Lorraine - Google Art Project.jpg Louise of Lorraine Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur 30 April 155313 February 1575Not crowned2 August 1589
husband's death
29 January 1601 Henry III CoA of Louise of Lorraine-Vaudemont.png
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms

House of Bourbon

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
Reine Marguerite de Valois.jpg Margaret of Valois Henry II of France 14 May 155318 August 15722 August 1589
husband's accession
Not crowned17 December 1599
marriage annulled
27 March 1615 Henry IV CoA of Marguerite of France.png
Maria de' Medici Frans Pourbus the Younger (detail).jpg Marie de' Medici Francesco I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany 26 April 157517 December 160013 May 161014 May 1610
husband's death
3 July 1642 CoA of Marie of Medicis.png
MariaAnnaofSpain06.jpg Anne of Austria Philip III of Spain 22 September 160124 November 1615Not crowned14 May 1643
husband's death
20 January 1666 Louis XIII CoA of Anne of Austria.png
Detail of Marie Therese d'Autriche by Nocret.jpg Maria Theresa of Spain Philip IV of Spain 10 September 16389 June 1660Not crowned30 July 1683 Louis XIV CoA of Marie Therese of Austria.png
Carle Van Loo - Marie Leszczinska, reine de France (1703-1768) - Google Art Project.jpg Marie Leszczyńska Stanisław Leszczyński 23 June 17034 September 1725Not crowned24 June 1768 Louis XV Marie Leczsinska.png
Marie Antoinette Adult.jpg Marie Antoinette Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor 2 November 175519 April 1770 (by proxy)
16 May 1770
10 May 1774
husband's ascension
Not crowned21 September 1792
husband's deposition
16 October 1793
executed
Louis XVI CoA of Marie-Antoinette of Austria.png
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms

Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon, who secretly married Louis XIV in 1683, was never publicly acknowledged as his wife.

Bonaparte dynasty

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame empressCoronationCeased to be empressDeathSpouseArms
Josephine de Beauharnais vers 1809 Gros.jpg Joséphine de Beauharnais Joseph-Gaspard Tascher23 June 17639 March 179618 May 1804
husband's ascension
2 December 180410 January 1810
divorce
29 May 1814 Napoleon I Blason Imperatrice Josephine.svg
L'imperatriceMarie-Louise.jpg Marie Louise of Austria Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor 12 December 179111 March 1810 (by proxy)
1 April 1810
Not crowned6 April 1814
husband's abdication
17 December 1847 Blason de Marie-Louise d'Autriche, Imperatrice des Francais.svg
PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame empressCoronationCeased to be empressDeathSpouseArms

Capetian dynasty

House of Bourbon

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
Duchess d'Angouleme.jpg Marie Thérèse of France Louis XVI of France 19 December 177810 June 17992 August 1830 for 20 minutesNot crowned2 August 1830
husband's abdication
19 October 1851 Louis XIX CoA of Marie-Therese of France.png

House of Orléans

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame queenCoronationCeased to be queenDeathSpouseArms
Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily by Louis-Edouard Rioult.jpg Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies 26 April 178225 November 18099 August 1830
husband's ascension
Not crowned24 February 1848
husband's abdication
24 March 1866 Louis-Philippe Coat of arms of Marie Amelie of the Two Sicilies as Queen of the French.png

Bonaparte dynasty

PictureNameFatherBirthMarriageBecame empressCoronationCeased to be empressDeathSpouseArms
Eugenie; keizerin der Fransen (2).jpg Eugénie de Montijo Cipriano de Palafox y Portocarrero, Count of Montijo 5 May 182630 January 1853Not crowned4 September 1870
husband's deposition
11 July 1920 Napoleon III Grand coat of arms of Empress Eugenie.svg

See also

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Tour de Nesle affair

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References

  1. "Joan I | Facts & Biography". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  2. Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Coat of arms unknown
  3. Imprisoned during her husband's reign due to the Tour de Nesle Affair. Coat of arms unknown
  4. Mary Ann Hookham: "The life and times of Margaret of Anjou, queen of England and France ", 1872