List of Governors-General of New Zealand

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The following is a list of the Governors and Governors-General of New Zealand. [1] As the personal representative of the New Zealand monarch, the governor-general performs many of the functions vested in the Crown, such as summoning and dissolving parliament, granting or withholding the Royal Assent, making state visits and receiving ambassadors. These functions are performed on the advice of the head of government, the prime minister.

Contents

Since the office was established in 1841, twenty-one individuals have served as Governor or, after 1917, Governor-General. The list does not include Lieutenant-Governors of the provinces of New Ulster and New Munster that existed between 1848 and 1853. [lower-alpha 1] Persons listed in light grey are interim administrators who exercised duties between Governors and Governors-General.

List

KeyLieutenant-Governor [lower-alpha 2]
Governor
Governor-in Chief [lower-alpha 3]
Governor-General [lower-alpha 4]
Administrator of the Government
No.PortraitNameTerm
began
Term
ended
Monarch Premier /
Prime Minister
1 Captain William Hobson RN [lower-alpha 5] 24 November 18403 May 1841 Victoria None [lower-alpha 6]
3 May 184110 September 1842
Willoughby Shortland [lower-alpha 7] 10 September 184226 December 1843
2 Captain Robert FitzRoy RN 26 December 184318 November 1845
3 Sir George Grey KCB 18 November 1845January 1848
January 1848March 1853
March 18533 January 1854
Robert Wynyard 3 January 18546 September 1855
4 Colonel Thomas Gore Browne CB 6 September 18553 October 1861
Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
William Fox
Robert Wynyard 3 October 1861December 1861
Sir George Grey KCB December 18615 February 1868
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
Edward Stafford
5 Sir George Ferguson Bowen GCMG 5 February 186819 March 1873
William Fox
Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
William Fox
Sir George Arney 19 March 187314 June 1873
Julius Vogel
6 The Rt Hon. Sir James Fergusson Bt 14 June 18733 December 1874
7 The Marquess of Normanby GCB GCMG PC 3 December 187421 February 1879
Daniel Pollen
Julius Vogel
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
James Prendergast 21 February 187927 March 1879
8 Sir Hercules Robinson GCMG 27 March 18799 September 1880
John Hall
James Prendergast 9 September 188029 November 1880
9 The Hon. Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon GCMG 29 November 188024 June 1882
Frederick Whitaker
James Prendergast 24 June 188220 January 1883
10 Lieutenant-General Sir William Jervois 20 January 188323 March 1889
Harry Atkinson
Robert Stout
Harry Atkinson
Robert Stout
Harry Atkinson
James Prendergast 23 March 18892 May 1889
11 The Earl of Onslow GCMG 2 May 188925 February 1892
John Ballance
James Prendergast 25 February 18926 June 1892
12 The Earl of Glasgow GCMG 6 June 18928 February 1897
Richard Seddon
James Prendergast 8 February 18979 August 1897
13 The Earl of Ranfurly GCMG 9 August 189720 June 1904
Edward VII
14 The Lord Plunket GCMG KCVO 20 June 19048 June 1910
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
Sir Robert Stout 8 June 191022 June 1910
George V
15 The Lord Islington GCMG GBE DSO PC 22 June 19103 December 1912
Thomas Mackenzie
William Massey
Sir Robert Stout 3 December 191219 December 1912
16 The Earl of Liverpool 19 December 191228 June 1917
128 June 19178 July 1920
Sir Robert Stout 8 July 192027 September 1920
2 The Viscount Jellicoe GCB OM GCVO 27 September 192012 December 1924
3 General Sir Charles Fergusson Bt GCMG KCB DSO MVO 13 December 19248 February 1930
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
Joseph Ward
Sir Michael Myers 8 February 193019 March 1930
4 The Lord Bledisloe GCMG KBE PC 19 March 193015 March 1935
George Forbes
Sir Michael Myers 15 March 193512 April 1935
5 The Viscount Galway GCMG DSO OBE PC 12 April 19353 February 1941
Michael Joseph Savage
Edward VIII
George VI
Peter Fraser
Sir Michael Myers 3 February 194122 February 1941
6 Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir Cyril Newall GCB OM GCMG CBE AM 22 February 194119 April 1946
Sir Michael Myers 19 April 194617 June 1946
7 Lieutenant-General The Lord Freyberg VC GCMG KCB KBE DSO 17 June 194615 August 1952
Sidney Holland
Elizabeth II
Sir Humphrey O'Leary 15 August 19522 December 1952
8 Lieutenant-General The Lord Norrie GCMG GCVO CB DSO MC 2 December 195225 July 1957
Sir Harold Eric Barrowclough 25 July 19575 September 1957
9 The Viscount Cobham GCMG TD 5 September 195713 September 1962
Keith Holyoake
Walter Nash
Keith Holyoake
Sir Harold Eric Barrowclough 13 September 19629 November 1962
10 Brigadier Sir Bernard Fergusson GCMG GCVO DSO OBE 9 November 196220 October 1967
Sir Richard Wild 20 October 19671 December 1967
11 Sir Arthur Porritt Bt GCMG GCVO CBE [lower-alpha 8] 1 December 19677 September 1972
John Marshall
Sir Richard Wild 7 September 197227 September 1972
12 Sir Denis Blundell GCMG GCVO KBE QSO 27 September 19725 October 1977
Norman Kirk
Bill Rowling
Robert Muldoon
Sir Richard Wild 5 October 197726 October 1977
13 The Rt Hon. Sir Keith Holyoake KG GCMG CH QSO 26 October 197725 October 1980
Sir Ronald Davison 25 October 19806 November 1980
14 The Hon. Sir David Beattie GCMG GCVO QSO QC 6 November 198022 November 1985
David Lange
15 The Rt Revd. Sir Paul Reeves GCMG GCVO QSO 22 November 198520 November 1990
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
Jim Bolger
16 Dame Catherine Tizard GCMG GCVO DBE QSO 20 November 199021 March 1996
17 The Rt Hon. Sir Michael Hardie Boys GNZM GCMG QSO 21 March 199621 March 2001
Jenny Shipley
Helen Clark
Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC 21 March 20014 April 2001
18 The Hon. Dame Silvia Cartwright PCNZM DBE QSO DStJ 4 April 20014 August 2006
Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC 4 August 200623 August 2006
19 Sir Anand Satyanand GNZM QSO 23 August 200623 August 2011
John Key
Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC 24 August 201131 August 2011
20 Lieutenant General Sir Jerry Mateparae GNZM QSO KStJ 31 August 201131 August 2016
Dame Sian Elias GNZM PC QC 31 August 201628 September 2016
21 Dame Patsy Reddy GNZM QSO DStJ 28 September 2016Incumbent
Bill English
Jacinda Ardern

Notes

  1. For their respective Lieutenant-Governors see New Ulster Province and New Munster Province.
  2. New Zealand was a dependency of New South Wales 1840–1841. Hobson was appointed by Lt.-Col. Sir George Gipps, Governor of New South Wales 1837–1846, and Governor-in-Chief of New Zealand 1839–1841
  3. The office was renamed "Governor-in-Chief" in 1848 under the New Zealand Constitution Act 1846
  4. The office of Governor was renamed Governor-General by Letters Patent of 28 June 1917
  5. For an explanation of the honours, see Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom and New Zealand Royal Honours System.
  6. New Zealand attained responsible government following the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852
  7. Shortland served as Administrator by virtue of being Colonial Secretary.
  8. Sir Arthur Porritt was the first New Zealand-born Governor General—although he had been living in Britain for 31 years at the time of his appointment. [2] All Governors-General since Sir Denis Blundell have been New Zealand residents and, [3] with the exception of Sir David Beattie, New Zealand-born, and appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.

References

Sources