|Governor of Utah|
|Residence||Utah Governor's Mansion|
|Term length||Four years, renewable, no term limits|
|Inaugural holder||Heber Manning Wells|
|Formation||January 6, 1896|
|Website|| Official website |
The Governor of Utah is the head of the executive branch of Utah's state governmentand the commander-in-chief of its military forces. The governor has a duty to enforce state laws as well as the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Utah Legislature. The governor may also convene the legislature on "extraordinary occasions".
Utah is a state in The United States of America. Its government consists of a state executive, legislative, and judicial branch, laid forth by the constitution and law of the State of Utah.
The Utah National Guard consists of the:
The self-proclaimed State of Deseret, precursor to the organization of the Utah Territory, had only one governor, Brigham Young. Utah Territory had 15 territorial governors from its organization in 1850 until the formation of the state of Utah in 1896, appointed by the President of the United States. John W. Dawson had the shortest term of only three weeks and Brigham Young, the first territorial governor, had the longest term at seven years.
The State of Deseret was a provisional state of the United States, proposed in 1849 by settlers from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Salt Lake City. The provisional state existed for slightly over two years and was never recognized by the United States government. The name derives from the word for "honeybee" in the Book of Mormon.
The Territory of Utah was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from September 9, 1850, until January 4, 1896, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Utah, the 45th state.
Brigham Young was an American religious leader, politician, and settler. He was the second president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1847 until his death in 1877. He founded Salt Lake City and he served as the first governor of the Utah Territory. Young also led the foundings of the precursors to the University of Utah and Brigham Young University.
There have been 17 governors of the State of Utah, with the longest serving being Calvin L. Rampton, who served three terms from 1965 to 1977. Olene Walker served the shortest term, the remaining 14 months of Mike Leavitt's term upon Leavitt's resignation to become head of the Environmental Protection Agency. At the age of 36, Heber Manning Wells was the youngest person to become governor. At the age of 70, Simon Bamberger became the oldest person to be elected, while Olene Walker, at age 72, was the oldest person to succeed to the office. Currently, a term of service is set at four years, and there are no overall limits (consecutive or lifetime) to the number of terms one may be elected to serve. Elections for the office of Governor of Utah are normally held in November of the same year as the United States presidential election.
Calvin Lewellyn "Cal" Rampton was the 11th Governor of the state of Utah from 1965 to 1977.
Olene Walker was an American politician and Utah's 15th Governor. She was sworn into office on November 5, 2003, shortly before her 73rd birthday, as Utah's first female governor. She was a member of the Republican Party.
Michael Okerlund Leavitt is an American politician who served as the 14th Governor of Utah from 1993 to 2003 in the Republican Party, as Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency from 2003 to 2005 and as Secretary of Health and Human Services from 2005 to 2009.
The current governor is Gary Herbert, who took office on August 11, 2009, upon the resignation of Jon Huntsman, Jr., to become United States Ambassador to China. Governor Herbert was elected to fill the remainder of Huntsman's term in November 2010, and was later re-elected to serve another term beginning in January 2017.
Gary Richard Herbert is an American politician serving as the 17th Governor of Utah since 2009. A member of the Republican Party, he chaired the National Governors Association during the 2015–2016 cycle.
There is an official seal of the Governor of Utah. Borrowing most of the same symbolism from the State Seal, the Governor's seal includes Roman numerals at the bottom, which represent the Governor himself, and this changes with every new Governor. Each Governor therefore has a seal unique to themselves and their administration. The Roman numerals are currently "XVII", representing Gary Herbert, who is the 17th governor of Utah since Statehood.
The Great Seal of the State of Utah was adopted on April 3, 1896, at the first regular session of the Legislature. The original seal was designed by Harry Edwards & C. M. Jackson and cost $65.00. The great seal is described in Utah Code Annotated, 1953, Volume 7a, section 67-2-9 as follows:
The Great Seal of the State of Utah shall be two and one-half inches in diameter, and of the following device; the center a shield and perched thereon an American Eagle with outstretching wings; the top of the shield pierced by six arrows crosswise; under the arrows the motto "INDUSTRY"; beneath the motto a beehive, on either side growing sego lilies; below the figures "1847"; on each side of the shield an American Flag.; encircling all, near the outer edge of the seal, beginning at the lower left-hand portion, the words, "THE GREAT SEAL OF THE STATE OF UTAH", with the figures "1896" at the base.
The area that became Utah was part of the Mexican Cession obtained by the United States on May 19, 1848, in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo following the Mexican–American War.
The Mexican Cession is the region in the modern-day southwestern United States that Mexico ceded to the U.S. in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 after the Mexican–American War. This region had not been part of the areas east of the Rio Grande which had been claimed by the Republic of Texas, though the Texas annexation resolution two years earlier had not specified the southern and western boundary of the new State of Texas. The Mexican Cession was the third largest acquisition of territory in US history. The largest was the Louisiana Purchase, with some 827,000 sq. miles, followed by the acquisition of Alaska.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, officially titled the Treaty of Peace, Friendship, Limits and Settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic, is the peace treaty signed on February 2, 1848, in the Villa de Guadalupe Hidalgo between the United States and Mexico that ended the Mexican–American War (1846–1848). The treaty came into force on July 4, 1848.
The Mexican–American War, also known in the United States as the Mexican War and in Mexico as the Intervención estadounidense en México, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the Second Federal Republic of Mexico from 1846 to 1848. It followed in the wake of the 1845 American annexation of the Republic of Texas, not formally recognized by the Mexican government, disputing the Treaties of Velasco signed by the unstable Mexican caudillo President/General Antonio López de Santa Anna after the Texas Revolution a decade earlier. In 1845, newly elected U.S. President James K. Polk, who saw the annexation of Texas as the first step towards a further expansion of the United States, sent troops to the disputed area and a diplomatic mission to Mexico. After Mexican forces attacked American forces, Polk cited this in his request that Congress declare war.
A constitutional convention was convened in Salt Lake City on March 8, 1849, to work on a proposal for federal recognition of a state or territory. The convention resulted in the provisional State of Deseret. Deseret claimed most of present-day Utah, Nevada and Arizona, with parts of California, Colorado, Idaho, New Mexico, Oregon, and Wyoming. Brigham Young was elected governor on March 12, 1849, and the legislature first met on July 2, 1849.The state, having never been recognized by the federal government, was formally dissolved on April 5, 1851, several months after word of the creation of Utah Territory reached Salt Lake City.
On September 9, 1850, as part of the Compromise of 1850, Utah Territory was organized, encompassing roughly the northern half of Deseret.The news did not reach Salt Lake City until January 1851. Governors of the Utah Territory were appointed by the president of the United States, and other than Brigham Young, they were frequently considered carpetbagger patronage appointees.
The territory initially consisted of present-day Utah, most of Nevada, and portions of Colorado and Wyoming. On February 28, 1861, the creation of Colorado Territory took land from the eastern side of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory was organized from the western section of Utah Territory on March 2, 1861.Also on that date, Nebraska Territory gained area from the northeastern part of Utah Territory. Nevada Territory gained area from Utah Territory on July 14, 1862, and again on May 5, 1866, after becoming a state. Wyoming Territory was created on July 25, 1868, from Nebraska Territory, taking more area from the northeast corner, giving Utah Territory its final borders.
|Picture||Governor||Took office||Left office||Appointed by||Notes|
|Brigham Young||February 3, 1851||April 12, 1858||Millard Fillmore|
|Alfred Cumming||April 12, 1858||May 17, 1861||James Buchanan|
|John W. Dawson||December 7, 1861||December 31, 1861||Abraham Lincoln|
|Stephen S. Harding||July 7, 1862||June 11, 1863||Abraham Lincoln|
|James Duane Doty||June 22, 1863||June 13, 1865||Abraham Lincoln|
|Charles Durkee||September 30, 1865||January 9, 1869||Andrew Johnson|
|John Shaffer||March 20, 1870||October 31, 1870||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Vernon H. Vaughan||October 31, 1870||February 1, 1871||Ulysses S. Grant|
|George Lemuel Woods||March 10, 1871||October 13, 1874||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Samuel Beach Axtell||February 2, 1875||June 8, 1875||Ulysses S. Grant|
|George W. Emery||July 3, 1875||January 25, 1880||Ulysses S. Grant|
|Eli Houston Murray||February 28, 1880||March 16, 1886||Rutherford B. Hayes|
|Chester A. Arthur|
|Caleb Walton West||May 12, 1886||May 6, 1889||Grover Cleveland|
|Arthur Lloyd Thomas||May 6, 1889||May 9, 1893||Benjamin Harrison|
|Caleb Walton West||May 9, 1893||January 4, 1896||Grover Cleveland|
The State of Utah was admitted to the Union on January 4, 1896.
The governor has a four-year term, commencing on the first Monday of the January after an election.The Constitution of Utah originally stated that, should the office of governor be vacant, the power be devolved upon the Secretary of State, but the office of Lieutenant Governor was created in 1976, and a 1980 constitutional amendment added it to the constitution. If the office of governor becomes vacant during the first year of the term, the lieutenant governor becomes governor until the next general election; if it becomes vacant after the first year of the term, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term. The offices of governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket. The Governor of Utah was formerly limited to serving three terms, but all term limit laws were repealed by the Utah Legislature in 2003; Utah is one of the few states where gubernatorial term limits are not determined by the constitution.
|Governor||Term of office||Party||Term||Previous office|| Lt. Governor |
|1|| Heber Manning Wells |
August 11, 1859 – March 12, 1938
|January 6, 1896|
January 2, 1905
|Republican||1||Delegate to the|
Utah Constitutional Convention
|2|| John Christopher Cutler |
February 5, 1846 – July 30, 1928
|January 2, 1905|
January 4, 1909
|3|| William Spry |
January 11, 1864 – April 21, 1929
|January 4, 1909|
January 1, 1917
|4|| Simon Bamberger |
February 27, 1846 – October 6, 1926
|January 1, 1917|
January 3, 1921
|Democratic||6|| Utah State Senator |
|5|| Charles R. Mabey |
October 4, 1877 – April 26, 1959
|January 3, 1921|
January 5, 1925
|Republican||7|| Utah State Representative |
|6|| George Dern |
September 8, 1872 – August 27, 1936
|January 5, 1925|
January 2, 1933
|Democratic||8|| Utah State Senator |
|7|| Henry H. Blood |
October 1, 1872 – June 19, 1942
|January 2, 1933|
January 6, 1941
|8|| Herbert B. Maw |
March 11, 1893 – November 17, 1990
|January 6, 1941|
January 3, 1949
|Democratic||12||President of the Utah State Senate |
|9|| J. Bracken Lee |
January 7, 1899 – October 20, 1996
|January 3, 1949|
January 7, 1957
|Republican||14|| Mayor of Price |
|10|| George Dewey Clyde |
July 21, 1898 – April 2, 1972
|January 7, 1957|
January 4, 1965
|11|| Calvin L. Rampton |
November 6, 1913 – September 16, 2007
|January 4, 1965|
January 3, 1977
|Democratic||18|| Davis County Attorney|
|20||Clyde L. Miller|
|12|| Scott M. Matheson |
January 8, 1929 – October 7, 1990
|January 3, 1977|
January 7, 1985
|Democratic||21||None|| David Smith Monson |
|13|| Norman H. Bangerter |
January 4, 1933 – April 14, 2015
|January 7, 1985|
January 4, 1993
|Republican||23|| Utah State Representative |
|W. Val Oveson|
|14|| Mike Leavitt |
February 11, 1951
|January 4, 1993|
November 5, 2003
|15|| Olene Walker |
November 15, 1930 – November 28, 2015
|November 5, 2003|
January 3, 2005
Lieutenant Governor of Utah
|16|| Jon Huntsman Jr. |
March 26, 1960
|January 3, 2005|
August 11, 2009
United States Ambassador
|17|| Gary Herbert |
May 7, 1947
|August 11, 2009|
Lieutenant Governor of Utah
| Greg Bell |
(Sept. 1, 2009 – Oct. 16, 2013)
|30|| Spencer Cox |
(Oct. 16, 2013 – present)
Calvin L. Rampton and Mike Leavitt are the only Governors of Utah ever to serve more than two terms; Rampton served three full terms while Leavitt resigned during his third term to become Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
Olene S. Walker served for 425 days, completing the remainder of Leavitt's third term. Gary Herbert, the current Governor, has served 3,544 days since taking over on August 11, 2009, from Jon Huntsman, Jr., who resigned to become United States Ambassador to China.
|# in office||Governor||Days||Rank|
|Calvin L. Rampton|
|Heber Manning Wells|
|Henry H. Blood|
|J. Bracken Lee|
|Scott M. Matheson|
|Herbert B. Maw|
|George Dewey Clyde|
|Norman H. Bangerter|
|Jon Huntsman, Jr.|
|John Christopher Cutler|
|Charles R. Mabey|
|Olene S. Walker|
This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Other offices held||Source|
|James Duane Doty||1863–1865||Delegate from Wisconsin Territory, U.S. Representative from Wisconsin, |
Governor of Wisconsin Territory
|Charles Durkee||1865–1869||U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from Wisconsin|
|George Lemuel Woods||1871–1875||Governor of Oregon|
|Samuel Beach Axtell||1875||U.S. Representative from California, Governor of New Mexico Territory*|
|George Dern||1925–1933||U.S. Secretary of War|
|Mike Leavitt||1993–2003|| Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency*, |
U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services
|Jon Huntsman, Jr.||2005–2009||Ambassador to Singapore, Ambassador to China*, Ambassador to Russia|
Since Utah became a U.S. state in 1896, it has sent congressional delegations to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. Each state elects two senators to serve for six years. Before the Seventeenth Amendment in 1913, senators were elected by the Utah State Legislature. Members of the House of Representatives are elected to two-year terms, one from each of Utah's four congressional districts. Before becoming a state, the Territory of Utah elected a non-voting delegate at-large to Congress from 1850 to 1896.
The Utah Territorial Statehouse, officially Territorial Statehouse State Park Museum, is a state park in Fillmore, Utah, preserving the original seat of government for the Utah Territory. Built from 1852 to 1855, the statehouse was initially intended as a larger structure, but only the south wing was completed before the project was abandoned due to lack of federal funding, and the Utah Territorial Legislature only met in the building once before the capital was moved to Salt Lake City in 1856.
Rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in Utah are among the most extensive in the United States. Protective laws have become increasingly enacted since 2014, despite the state's reputation as socially conservative and highly religious. Same-sex marriage has been legal there since the state's ban on same-sex marriage was ruled unconstitutional by a federal court on October 6, 2014. In addition, statewide anti-discrimination laws now cover sexual orientation and gender identity in employment and housing. In spite of this, there are still a few differences between treatment of LGBT people and the rest of the population.
Frank Jenne Cannon was the first United States Senator from Utah, who served from 1896 to 1899.
The Utah State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Utah. It is a bicameral body, comprising the Utah House of Representatives, with 75 state representatives, and the Utah Senate, with 29 state senators. There are no term limits for either chamber.
Margaret Dayton is an American politician from Utah. A member of the Republican Party, she served longer in the Utah Legislature than any other woman in Utah history. After serving a decade in the Utah House of Representatives, she unseated an incumbent senator in 2006 and served in that position until June of 2018, when she resigned for medical reasons.
John Riggs Murdock was the leader of the most Mormon pioneer down-and-back companies in Latter-day Saint history, leading ox-drawn wagon trains that carried both merchandise and passengers "down and back" from Missouri to Utah.
Sheryl L. Allen is a Republican politician and educator from Bountiful, Utah. She represented the 19th District of the Utah House of Representatives from 1994 to 2011. Before entering politics, Allen was a teacher and the president of the Davis County Board of Education.
The 1996 Utah gubernatorial election took place on November 5, 1996. Republican nominee and incumbent Governor Michael Leavitt won the election.
Patrice M. Arent is a Democratic member of the Utah State House, representing the state's 36th house district.
Jan Graham was Utah State Attorney General from 1993 to 2001. She was the first woman ever elected to statewide office in the state of Utah.
The 2016 United States Senate election in Utah took place on November 8, 2016, to elect a member of the United States Senate to represent the State of Utah, concurrently with the 2016 U.S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.
The 2020 Utah gubernatorial election will be held on November 3, 2020, to elect the Governor of Utah, concurrently with the 2020 U.S. presidential election, as well as elections to the United States Senate and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections. Although incumbent Republican Governor Gary Herbert is eligible to run for re-election, he initially announced shortly after being re-elected in 2016 that he would not run for a third full term, but indicated in January 2019 that he was open to the possibility of running again.
Paige Petersen is an American lawyer and judge, who is an associate justice of the Utah Supreme Court. She previously served as a Utah District Court judge from 2015 to 2017.
GREAT SALT LAKE CITY, Saturday, Dec. 7, 1861. ... Gov. DAWSON and Superintendent DOTY arrived by the mail-stage to-day.
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