List of Irish state funerals

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National Army soldiers drive a car laden with wreaths through the streets of Dublin towards Glasnevin Cemetery for the burial of Michael Collins (1922) Funeral of Michael Collins (9614214226).jpg
National Army soldiers drive a car laden with wreaths through the streets of Dublin towards Glasnevin Cemetery for the burial of Michael Collins (1922)

State funerals (Irish : Tórraimh stáit) in Ireland have taken place on the following occasions since 1922:

State funeral Public funeral ceremony held to honour people of national significance

A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance. State funerals usually include much pomp and ceremony as well as religious overtones and distinctive elements of military tradition. Generally, state funerals are held in order to involve the general public in a national day of mourning after the family of the deceased gives consent. A state funeral will often generate mass publicity from both national and global media outlets.

Irish language Goidelic (Gaelic) language spoken in Ireland and by Irish people

Irish is a member of the Goidelic (Gaelic) language branch of the Celtic languages originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country.

Republic of Ireland Ireland, a country in north-western Europe, occupying 5/6 of the island of Ireland; succeeded the Irish Free State (1937)

Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a country in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's over 4.8 million inhabitants. The sovereign state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, St George's Channel to the south-east, and the Irish Sea to the east. It is a unitary, parliamentary republic. The legislature, the Oireachtas, consists of a lower house, Dáil Éireann, an upper house, Seanad Éireann, and an elected President who serves as the largely ceremonial head of state, but with some important powers and duties. The head of government is the Taoiseach, who is elected by the Dáil and appointed by the President; the Taoiseach in turn appoints other government ministers.

DateRecipientOffice / ReasonVenueDate of death
15 October 2015 Tony Golden Member of the Garda Síochána murdered by a dissident republican [1] Church of Saint Oliver Plunkett, Blackrock, County Louth 11 October 2015
18 September 2015 Thomas Kent Reinterment of Irish nationalist killed in the immediate aftermath of the Easter Rising St Nicholas' Church, Castlelyons, County Cork9 May 1916
25 August 2014 Albert Reynolds Former Taoiseach Sacred Heart Church, Donnybrook, Dublin21 August 2014
30 January 2013 Adrian Donohoe Detective Garda murdered on duty [2] Redemptorist Church, Dundalk, County Louth 25 January 2013
22 May 2011 Garret FitzGerald Former Taoiseach Sacred Heart Church, Donnybrook, Dublin 19 May 2011
13 April 2009 Robbie McCallion Member of the Garda Síochána killed on duty [3] Church of Our Lady Help of Christians, Swinford, County Mayo [4] 7 April 2009
16 April 2008 Patrick Hillery Former President of Ireland St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin12 April 2008
16 June 2006 Charles Haughey Former Taoiseach [5] Church of Our Lady of Consolation, Donnycarney, Dublin13 June 2006
14 October 2001 Kevin Barry Reinterment of executed War of Independence volunteers,
collectively known as the Forgotten Ten.
St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin1920–1921
Thomas Bryan
Patrick Doyle
Frank Flood
Edmond Foley
Patrick Maher
Patrick Moran
Bernard Ryan
Thomas Traynor
Thomas Whelan
23 October 1999 Jack Lynch Former Taoiseach [6] North Cathedral, Cork 20 October 1999
23 March 1978 Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh Former President St Michael's Church, Sneem, County Kerry 21 March 1978
2 September 1975 Éamon de Valera Former Taoiseach and President St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin29 August 1975
21 November 1974 Erskine H. Childers President [7] (died in office) St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin 17 November 1974
3 October 1972 Kathleen Clarke Former Lord Mayor of Dublin St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin29 September 1972
13 May 1971 Seán Lemass Former Taoiseach [8] Church of the Good Shepherd, Churchtown, Dublin11 May 1971
12 March 1968 Donogh O'Malley Minister for Education [9] (died in office) St John's Cathedral, Limerick 10 March 1968
29 January 1968 Sir Alfred Chester Beatty Founder of the Chester Beatty Library [10] [11] St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin 19 January 1968
26 November 1966 Seán T. O'Kelly Former President [12] St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin23 November 1966
18 November 1965 W. T. Cosgrave Former President of the Executive Council [13] Church of the Annunciation, Rathfarnham, Dublin16 November 1965
28 September 1965 James Fitzmaurice Aviation pioneer [14] St. Mary's Church, Haddington Road, Dublin26 September 1965
1 March 1965 Roger Casement Reinterment of patriot and revolutionary [15] St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin3 August 1916
2 November 1963 Domhnall Ua Buachalla Former Governor-General of the Irish Free State [16] Church of the Sacred Heart, Donnybrook, Dublin30 October 1963
13 August 1961 John Moore Reinterment of former President of the Government of the Province of Connacht [17] [18] Church of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary, Castlebar, County Mayo 6 December 1799
27 March 1957 Ernie O'Malley Former Irish Republican Army officer [19] Church of the Assumption, Howth, Dublin25 March 1957
14 July 1949 Douglas Hyde Former President [20] [21] St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin 12 July 1949
30 August 1948 Paschal Robinson Papal Nuncio to Ireland [22] St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin27 August 1948
2 December 1944 Eoin O'Duffy Former Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin30 November 1944
October 1934 Patrick S. Dinneen Author of noted Irish-English dictionary [23] 29 September 1934
13 July 1927 Kevin O'Higgins Vice-President of the Executive Council (assassinated)Church of St Andrew, Westland Row, Dublin10 July 1927
28 August 1922 Michael Collins Chairman of the Provisional Government [24] (killed in the Irish Civil War) St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin22 August 1922
16 August 1922 Arthur Griffith President of the Irish Republic [25] (died in office) St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin12 August 1922

Former Taoisigh John A. Costello and Liam Cosgrave did not receive state funerals, at the request of their respective families [26] [27] .

Taoiseach Head of government (Prime Minister) of Ireland

The Taoiseach is the prime minister and head of government of Ireland. The Taoiseach is appointed by the President upon the nomination of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament), and must, in order to remain in office, retain the support of a majority in the Dáil.

John A. Costello Irish politician

John Aloysius Costello was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1948 to 1951 and from 1954 to 1957, Leader of the Opposition from 1951 to 1954 and from 1957 to 1959, and Attorney General of Ireland from 1926 to 1932. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1933 to 1943 and from 1944 to 1969.

Liam Cosgrave Irish politician

Liam Cosgrave was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1973 to 1977, Leader of Fine Gael from 1965 to 1977, Leader of the Opposition from 1965 to 1973, Minister for External Affairs from 1954 to 1957, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Industry and Commerce and Government Chief Whip from 1948 to 1951. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1943 to 1981.

Protocol

Lying in state is only organised for a sitting taoiseach or president.

Lying in state public funerary custom

Lying in state is the tradition in which the body of a dead official is placed in a state building, either outside or inside a coffin, to allow the public to pay their respects. It traditionally takes place in the principal government building of a country, state, or city. While the practice differs among countries, a viewing in a location other than the principal government building may be referred to as lying in repose.

The church service may feature a High Mass, usually attended by past and present presidents, taoisigh and senior members of the Irish judiciary.

President of Ireland position

The president of Ireland is the head of state of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.

About 300 members of the Defence Forces provide a guard of honour, a gun-carriage carries the coffin, which is draped with the tricolour, and Army Buglers play the Last Post. There is a gun-salute.

Defence Forces (Ireland) combined military forces of Ireland

The Defence Forces, are the military of Ireland. They encompass the Army, Air Corps, Naval Service and Reserve Defence Forces.

Last Post British and Commonwealth bugle call

The "Last Post" is either a B♭ bugle call, primarily within British infantry and Australian infantry regiments, or an E♭ cavalry trumpet call in British cavalry and Royal Regiment of Artillery, and is used at Commonwealth military funerals, and ceremonies commemorating those who have been killed in war. Its duration varies typically from a little over one minute to nearly three minutes. For ceremonial use, the Last Post is often followed by "The Rouse", or less usually the longer "Reveille".

Related Research Articles

W. T. Cosgrave Irish politician

William Thomas Cosgrave was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as President of the Executive Council from 1922 to 1932, Leader of the Opposition from 1932 to 1944, Leader of Fine Gael from 1934 to 1944, Leader of Cumann na nGaedheal from 1923 to 1933, Chairman of the Provisional Government from August 1922 to December 1922, President of Dáil Éireann from September 1922 to December 1922, Minister for Finance from 1922 to 1923 and Minister for Local Government from 1919 to 1922. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1921 to 1944. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for the North Kilkenny constituency from 1918 to 1922.

Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh Irish judge and 5th President of Ireland

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Garda Síochána police service of Ireland

An Garda Síochána, more commonly referred to as the Gardaí or "the Guards", is the police service of the Republic of Ireland. The service is headed by the Garda Commissioner who is appointed by the Irish Government. Its headquarters are in Dublin's Phoenix Park.

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References

  1. O'Regan, Mark (15 October 2015). "Sea of blue swept through village to pay respects to 'adored dad' Garda Tony Golden". Irish Independent. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
  2. "State Funeral for Detective Garda Adrian Donohoe". RTÉ News . 30 Jan 2013.
  3. "Thousands attend McCallion funeral". RTÉ News . 13 April 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2009.
  4. McDonald, Brian (14 April 2009). "Heartbroken town salutes as Robbie 'gets transfer home'". Irish Independent . Retrieved 14 April 2009.
  5. "President attends Haughey removal". RTÉ News . 16 June 2006.
  6. "State Funeral of Jack Lynch takes place in Cork". RTÉ News . 23 October 1999.
  7. "A nation's final farewell to its President" (fee required). The Irish Times . 22 November 1974. p. 1.
  8. "State Funeral for Lemass" (fee required). The Irish Times . 12 May 1971. p. 1.
  9. "State Funeral for Minister" (PDF). The Limerick Leader . 11 March 1968. p. 1.
  10. "State burial for Chester Beatty" (fee required). The Irish Times . 23 January 1968. p. 13.
  11. Sir Alfred Chester Beatty is the only private Irish citizen to have received a state funeral
  12. "Nation mourns Sean T. O'Kelly" (fee required). The Irish Times . 28 November 1966. p. 6.
  13. "Funeral tribute to Mr. Cosgrave" (fee required). The Irish Times . 19 November 1965. p. 1.
  14. "Funeral of Irish Aviation Pioneer" (fee required). The Irish Times . 29 September 1965. p. 7.
  15. "Solemn Ritual of Casement's Funeral" (fee required). The Irish Times . 2 March 1965. p. 6.
  16. "President's tribute to former Seanascal" (fee required). The Irish Times . 4 November 1963. p. 5.
  17. Connaught Telegraph, 19 August 1961
  18. "Castlebar's tribute to John Moore" (fee required). The Irish Times . 14 August 1961. p. 10.
  19. "Funerals – Mr. E. O'Malley" (fee required). The Irish Times . 28 March 1957. p. 5.
  20. In 1949, Catholics were not permitted to enter Protestant churches, so many dignitaries, including all members of the cabinet except Noël Browne, remained outside the cathedral during the religious service.
  21. "Nation Mourns Dr. Hyde" (fee required). The Irish Times . 15 July 1949. p. 1.
  22. Keogh, Dermot Ireland and the Vatican p265
  23. National Library Of Ireland, Newsletter Issue 21, Autumn 2005
  24. "General Collins's Funeral" (fee required). The Irish Times . 29 August 1922. p. 5.
  25. "Route and Order of Procession" (fee required). The Irish Times . 16 August 1922. p. 8.
  26. "Farewell to Liam Cosgrave a State funeral in all but name". The Irish Times . 9 Oct 2017.
  27. "Cosgrave left Ireland a better place, funeral hears". RTÉ News . 7 Oct 2017.