State funerals (Irish : Tórraimh stáit) in Ireland have taken place on the following occasions since 1922:
A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance. State funerals usually include much pomp and ceremony as well as religious overtones and distinctive elements of military tradition. Generally, state funerals are held in order to involve the general public in a national day of mourning after the family of the deceased gives consent. A state funeral will often generate mass publicity from both national and global media outlets.
Irish is a member of the Goidelic (Gaelic) language branch of the Celtic languages originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people. Irish is spoken as a first language in substantial areas of counties Galway, Kerry, Cork and Donegal, smaller areas of Waterford, Mayo and Meath, and a few other locations, and as a second language by a larger group of non-habitual speakers across the country.
Ireland, also known as the Republic of Ireland, is a country in north-western Europe occupying 26 of 32 counties of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the eastern part of the island, and whose metropolitan area is home to around a third of the country's over 4.8 million inhabitants. The sovereign state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, St George's Channel to the south-east, and the Irish Sea to the east. It is a unitary, parliamentary republic. The legislature, the Oireachtas, consists of a lower house, Dáil Éireann, an upper house, Seanad Éireann, and an elected President who serves as the largely ceremonial head of state, but with some important powers and duties. The head of government is the Taoiseach, who is elected by the Dáil and appointed by the President; the Taoiseach in turn appoints other government ministers.
|Date||Recipient||Office / Reason||Venue||Date of death|
|15 October 2015||Tony Golden||Member of the Garda Síochána murdered by a dissident republican||Church of Saint Oliver Plunkett, Blackrock, County Louth||11 October 2015|
|18 September 2015||Thomas Kent||Reinterment of Irish nationalist killed in the immediate aftermath of the Easter Rising||St Nicholas' Church, Castlelyons, County Cork||9 May 1916|
|25 August 2014||Albert Reynolds||Former Taoiseach||Sacred Heart Church, Donnybrook, Dublin||21 August 2014|
|30 January 2013||Adrian Donohoe||Detective Garda murdered on duty||Redemptorist Church, Dundalk, County Louth||25 January 2013|
|22 May 2011||Garret FitzGerald||Former Taoiseach||Sacred Heart Church, Donnybrook, Dublin||19 May 2011|
|13 April 2009||Robbie McCallion||Member of the Garda Síochána killed on duty||Church of Our Lady Help of Christians, Swinford, County Mayo||7 April 2009|
|16 April 2008||Patrick Hillery||Former President of Ireland||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||12 April 2008|
|16 June 2006||Charles Haughey||Former Taoiseach||Church of Our Lady of Consolation, Donnycarney, Dublin||13 June 2006|
|14 October 2001||Kevin Barry||Reinterment of executed War of Independence volunteers,|
collectively known as the Forgotten Ten.
|St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||1920–1921|
|23 October 1999||Jack Lynch||Former Taoiseach||North Cathedral, Cork||20 October 1999|
|23 March 1978||Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh||Former President||St Michael's Church, Sneem, County Kerry||21 March 1978|
|2 September 1975||Éamon de Valera||Former Taoiseach and President||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||29 August 1975|
|21 November 1974||Erskine H. Childers||President (died in office)||St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin||17 November 1974|
|3 October 1972||Kathleen Clarke||Former Lord Mayor of Dublin||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||29 September 1972|
|13 May 1971||Seán Lemass||Former Taoiseach||Church of the Good Shepherd, Churchtown, Dublin||11 May 1971|
|12 March 1968||Donogh O'Malley||Minister for Education (died in office)||St John's Cathedral, Limerick||10 March 1968|
|29 January 1968||Sir Alfred Chester Beatty||Founder of the Chester Beatty Library||St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin||19 January 1968|
|26 November 1966||Seán T. O'Kelly||Former President||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||23 November 1966|
|18 November 1965||W. T. Cosgrave||Former President of the Executive Council||Church of the Annunciation, Rathfarnham, Dublin||16 November 1965|
|28 September 1965||James Fitzmaurice||Aviation pioneer||St. Mary's Church, Haddington Road, Dublin||26 September 1965|
|1 March 1965||Roger Casement||Reinterment of patriot and revolutionary||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||3 August 1916|
|2 November 1963||Domhnall Ua Buachalla||Former Governor-General of the Irish Free State||Church of the Sacred Heart, Donnybrook, Dublin||30 October 1963|
|13 August 1961||John Moore||Reinterment of former President of the Government of the Province of Connacht||Church of Our Lady of the Holy Rosary, Castlebar, County Mayo||6 December 1799|
|27 March 1957||Ernie O'Malley||Former Irish Republican Army officer||Church of the Assumption, Howth, Dublin||25 March 1957|
|14 July 1949||Douglas Hyde||Former President||St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin||12 July 1949|
|30 August 1948||Paschal Robinson||Papal Nuncio to Ireland||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||27 August 1948|
|2 December 1944||Eoin O'Duffy||Former Chief of Staff of the Irish Republican Army||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||30 November 1944|
|October 1934||Patrick S. Dinneen||Author of noted Irish-English dictionary||29 September 1934|
|13 July 1927||Kevin O'Higgins||Vice-President of the Executive Council (assassinated)||Church of St Andrew, Westland Row, Dublin||10 July 1927|
|28 August 1922||Michael Collins||Chairman of the Provisional Government (killed in the Irish Civil War)||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||22 August 1922|
|16 August 1922||Arthur Griffith||President of the Irish Republic (died in office)||St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Dublin||12 August 1922|
Former Taoisigh John A. Costello and Liam Cosgrave did not receive state funerals, at the request of their respective families.
The Taoiseach is the prime minister and head of government of Ireland. The Taoiseach is appointed by the President upon the nomination of Dáil Éireann, the lower house of the Oireachtas (parliament), and must, in order to remain in office, retain the support of a majority in the Dáil.
John Aloysius Costello was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1948 to 1951 and from 1954 to 1957, Leader of the Opposition from 1951 to 1954 and from 1957 to 1959, and Attorney General of Ireland from 1926 to 1932. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1933 to 1943 and from 1944 to 1969.
Liam Cosgrave was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1973 to 1977, Leader of Fine Gael from 1965 to 1977, Leader of the Opposition from 1965 to 1973, Minister for External Affairs from 1954 to 1957, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Industry and Commerce and Government Chief Whip from 1948 to 1951. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1943 to 1981.
Lying in state is only organised for a sitting taoiseach or president.
Lying in state is the tradition in which the body of a dead official is placed in a state building, either outside or inside a coffin, to allow the public to pay their respects. It traditionally takes place in the principal government building of a country, state, or city. While the practice differs among countries, a viewing in a location other than the principal government building may be referred to as lying in repose.
The church service may feature a High Mass, usually attended by past and present presidents, taoisigh and senior members of the Irish judiciary.
The president of Ireland is the head of state of Ireland and the Supreme Commander of the Irish Defence Forces.
About 300 members of the Defence Forces provide a guard of honour, a gun-carriage carries the coffin, which is draped with the tricolour, and Army Buglers play the Last Post. There is a gun-salute.
The Defence Forces, are the military of Ireland. They encompass the Army, Air Corps, Naval Service and Reserve Defence Forces.
The "Last Post" is either a B♭ bugle call, primarily within British infantry and Australian infantry regiments, or an E♭ cavalry trumpet call in British cavalry and Royal Regiment of Artillery, and is used at Commonwealth military funerals, and ceremonies commemorating those who have been killed in war. Its duration varies typically from a little over one minute to nearly three minutes. For ceremonial use, the Last Post is often followed by "The Rouse", or less usually the longer "Reveille".
William Thomas Cosgrave was an Irish Fine Gael politician who served as President of the Executive Council from 1922 to 1932, Leader of the Opposition from 1932 to 1944, Leader of Fine Gael from 1934 to 1944, Leader of Cumann na nGaedheal from 1923 to 1933, Chairman of the Provisional Government from August 1922 to December 1922, President of Dáil Éireann from September 1922 to December 1922, Minister for Finance from 1922 to 1923 and Minister for Local Government from 1919 to 1922. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1921 to 1944. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for the North Kilkenny constituency from 1918 to 1922.
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh was an Irish Fianna Fáil politician, judge and barrister who served as the fifth President of Ireland from December 1974 to October 1976. He served as a Judge of the European Court of Justice from 1973 to 1974, Chief Justice of Ireland from 1961 to 1973, a Judge of the Supreme Court from 1953 to 1973 and Attorney General of Ireland from 1946 to 1948 and 1951 to 1953.
Garret Desmond FitzGerald was an Irish economist, barrister, lecturer, public intellectual and Fine Gael politician who served as Taoiseach from 1981 to 1982 and 1982 to 1987, Leader of Fine Gael from 1977 to 1987, Leader of the Opposition from 1977 to 1981 and March 1982 to December 1982 and Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1977. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1969 to 1992. He was a Senator for the Industrial and Commercial Panel from 1965 to 1969.
Kevin Christopher O'Higgins was an Irish politician who served as Vice-President of the Executive Council and Minister for Justice from 1922 to 1927, Minister for External Affairs from June 1927 to July 1927 and Minister for Economic Affairs from January 1922 to September 1922. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) from 1921 to 1927. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Queen's County from 1918 to 1921.
An Garda Síochána, more commonly referred to as the Gardaí or "the Guards", is the police service of the Republic of Ireland. The service is headed by the Garda Commissioner who is appointed by the Irish Government. Its headquarters are in Dublin's Phoenix Park.
The Taoiseach is the head of government of Ireland. Prior to the enactment of the Constitution of Ireland in 1937, the head of government was referred to as the President of the Executive Council. This office was first held by W. T. Cosgrave from 1922 to 1932, and then by Éamon de Valera from 1932 to 1937. By convention Taoisigh are numbered to include Cosgrave, for example Leo Varadkar is considered the 14th Taoiseach not the 13th.
Events from the year 1965 in Ireland.
Liam Clancy was an Irish folk singer and actor from Carrick-on-Suir, County Tipperary. He was the youngest and last surviving member of the influential folk group the Clancy Brothers, who are regarded as Ireland's first pop stars. They recorded 55 albums, achieved global sales of millions and appeared in sold-out concerts at such prominent venues as Carnegie Hall and the Royal Albert Hall.
Rory Brady was an Irish barrister who served as the Attorney General of Ireland from 2002 to 2007. He served as a Member of the Council of State, and was a mediator on the Permanent Court of Arbitration in The Hague.
William Thomas Cosgrave is an Irish former Fine Gael politician who served as Cathaoirleach of Seanad Éireann from 1996 to 1997 and a Senator from 1993 to 2002. He previously served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dún Laoghaire constituency from 1981 to 1987.
Thomas William Westropp Bennett was an Irish politician, magistrate and public figure in Irish agriculture.
Lech Kaczyński, the fourth President of the Republic of Poland, died on 10 April 2010, after a Polish Air Force Tu-154 crashed outside of Smolensk, Russia, killing all 96 aboard. His wife, economist and First Lady Maria Kaczyńska, was also among those killed.
Moira Deady, Mrs Hoey was an Irish actress.
Events during the year 2015 in Ireland.
The centenary of the Easter Rising occurred in 2016. Many events occurred to mark the occasion. Note that Easter Day fell on 27 March in 2016 and on 23 April in 1916. The Rising began on Easter Monday, 24 April 1916.
Events during the year 2017 in Ireland.
Goldenbridge Cemetery is a Roman Catholic garden cemetery located in Inchicore, Dublin, Ireland.
Events during the year 2018 in Ireland.