List of LGBT members of the United States Congress

Last updated

This is a list of gay, lesbian, and bisexual Americans who have served in the United States Congress.

Contents

As of November 2020, there are ten openly LGBTQ members of the 117th Congress, all of whom are Democrats. [1] [2] This list only includes people who are openly LGBTQ or were identified posthumously by their families as members of the LGBTQ community. Current members of Congress are shaded in gray.

Senate

LGBTQ senators who served openly

PhotoSenator (lifespan)PartyStateTerm startTerm endNotes
Tammy Baldwin, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Tammy Baldwin (born 1962)Democratic Flag of Wisconsin.svg Wisconsin January 3, 2013IncumbentOpenly lesbian
First openly LGBT senator [3]
Kyrsten Sinema (cropped).jpg Kyrsten Sinema (born 1976)Democratic Flag of Arizona.svg Arizona January 3, 2019IncumbentOpenly bisexual
First openly bisexual senator [4]

Former senators who have come out as LGBTQ

PhotoSenator (lifespan)PartyStateTerm startTerm endNotes
Harriswofford.jpg Harris Wofford (1926–2019)Democratic Flag of Pennsylvania.svg Pennsylvania May 8, 1991January 3, 1995Announced his marriage to a man in 2016 [5]

House of Representatives

LGBTQ representatives who served openly

PhotoRepresentative
(lifespan)
PartyStateTerm startTerm endNotes
Robert Bauman US Congress photo portrait.jpg Robert Bauman
(born 1937)
Republican Maryland August 21, 1973January 3, 1981Outed as gay while in office (1980) [6]
S001040.jpg Gerry Studds
(1937–2006)
Democratic Massachusetts January 3, 1973January 3, 1997First member of Congress to come out as gay while in office, after being implicated in the 1983 congressional page sex scandal [7]
First openly LGBT person to win election to Congress, after winning reelection in 1984
Jon Hinson.jpg Jon Hinson
(1942–1995)
Republican Mississippi January 3, 1979April 13, 1981Outed as gay while in office (1980) [8]
Barneyfrank.jpg Barney Frank
(born 1940)
Democratic Massachusetts January 3, 1981January 3, 2013Came out as gay while in office (1987)
First member of Congress in a same-sex marriage (2012) [9] [10]
SteveGunderson.jpg Steve Gunderson
(born 1951)
Republican Wisconsin January 3, 1981January 3, 1997Outed as gay on the floor of the House (1994)
First openly gay Republican to be reelected after outing [11] [12]
Jim Kolbe.jpg Jim Kolbe
(born 1942)
Republican Arizona January 3, 1985January 3, 2007Came out as gay while in office, after voting for the Defense of Marriage Act (1996)
First openly gay person to address the Republican National Convention [13] [14] [15]
Mark Foley, official 109th Congress photo.jpg Mark Foley
(born 1954)
Republican Florida January 3, 1995September 29, 2006Came out as gay while in office, after being implicated in the 2006 congressional page scandal [16]
Tammy Baldwin, official photo portrait, color.jpg Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Democratic Wisconsin January 3, 1999January 3, 2013First openly LGBT non-incumbent elected to Congress
First open lesbian in Congress [3]
Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, becoming the first openly LGBT person elected to the U.S. Senate
Mike Michaud Official.jpg Mike Michaud
(born 1955)
Democratic Maine January 3, 2003January 3, 2015Came out as gay while in office (2013) [17] [18]
Retired to run unsuccessfully for Governor of Maine
Jared Polis Official 2012.jpg Jared Polis
(born 1975)
Democratic Colorado January 3, 2009January 3, 2019Openly gay
First same-sex parent in Congress (2011) [19]
Retired to run successfully for Governor of Colorado, becoming the first openly gay person elected governor of a U.S. state [20]
David Cicilline, Official Portrait, 112th Congress 2.jpg David Cicilline
(born 1961)
Democratic Rhode Island January 3, 2011IncumbentOpenly gay [21]
Congressman Maloney official.jpg Sean Maloney
(born 1966)
Democratic New York January 3, 2013IncumbentOpenly gay [22]
Mark Pocan official photo (cropped).jpg Mark Pocan
(born 1964)
Democratic Wisconsin January 3, 2013IncumbentOpenly gay
First LGBT member of Congress to replace another LGBT member of Congress (Tammy Baldwin)
First non-incumbent elected to Congress in a same-sex marriage [23]
Rep Kyrsten Sinema, Official Portrait (cropped).jpg Kyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
Democratic Arizona January 3, 2013January 3, 2019Openly bisexual
First openly bisexual member of Congress
Retired to run successfully for U.S. Senator from Arizona, becoming the first openly bisexual person elected to either the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives [24]
Mark Takano 113th Congress - full.jpg Mark Takano
(born 1960)
Democratic California January 3, 2013IncumbentOpenly gay
First openly gay person of color elected to Congress [25]
First openly LGBT Asian American elected to Congress
Angie Craig, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Angie Craig
(born 1972)
Democratic Minnesota January 3, 2019IncumbentOpenly lesbian
First non-incumbent LGBT parent elected to Congress [26]
Sharice Davids.jpg Sharice Davids
(born 1980)
Democratic Kansas January 3, 2019IncumbentOpenly lesbian [27]
First openly gay woman of color elected to Congress
First openly LGBT Native American elected to Congress
Katie Hill, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Katie Hill
(born 1987)
Democratic California January 3, 2019November 1, 2019Openly bisexual

Resigned in 2019 amid allegations of improper relationships [28]

Chris Pappas, official portrait, 116th Congress.jpg Chris Pappas
(born 1980)
Democratic New Hampshire January 3, 2019IncumbentOpenly gay [29]
Mondaire Jones 117th U.S Congress.jpg Mondaire Jones
(born 1987)
Democratic New York January 3, 2021IncumbentFirst openly gay African-American elected to Congress (along with Ritchie Torres) [30]
Ritchie Torres 117th U.S Congress.jpg Ritchie Torres
(born 1988)
Democratic New York January 3, 2021IncumbentFirst openly gay African-American elected to Congress (along with Mondaire Jones) [30]
First openly gay Latino member of Congress

Former representatives who have come out as LGBTQ

PhotoRepresentative (lifespan)PartyStateTerm startTerm endNotes
Michael Huffington Dod.jpg Michael Huffington (born 1947)Republican California January 3, 1993January 3, 1995Came out as bisexual after serving in Congress (1998) [31]
Retired to run unsuccessfully for U.S. Senator from California
Aaron Schock Official.jpg Aaron Schock (born 1981)Republican Illinois January 3, 2009March 31, 2015Came out as gay in 2020 [32]
Resigned due to a scandal over government and campaign funds

Former representatives who were posthumously identified as LGBTQ

PhotoRepresentative (lifespan)PartyStateTerm startTerm endNotes
Stewart McKinney.jpg Stewart McKinney (1931–1987)Republican Connecticut January 3, 1971May 7, 1987Outed as bisexual in obituary after dying of AIDS while in office in 1987 [33] [34] [35] [36] [37]
Rep. Barbara Jordan - Restoration.jpg Barbara Jordan (1936–1996)Democratic Texas January 3, 1973January 3, 1979Outed in obituary [38]

See also

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References

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