List of Menteris Besar of Kelantan

Last updated
Menteri Besar of Kelantan
Coat of arms of Kelantan.svg
Ahmad Yaakob

since 6 May 2013
Government of Kelantan
Style Yang Amat Berhormat (The Most Honourable)
Member of Kelantan State Executive Council
Reports to Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
Residence JKR 10, Bangunan Perbadanan Menteri Besar Kelantan, Kampung Sireh, Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Seat Tingkat 1, Blok 1, Kota Darul Naim, 15502 Kota Bharu, Kelantan
Appointer Muhammad V
Sultan of Kelantan
Term length While commanding the confidence of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart
Inaugural holder Long Abdul Ghafar
Formation 1775;243 years ago (1775)

The Menteri Besar of Kelantan is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Kelantan. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Kelantan State Legislative Assembly.

Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. The term "head of government" is often differentiated from the term "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.

Kelantan State of Malaysia

Kelantan is a state of Malaysia. The capital and royal seat is Kota Bharu. The honorific of the state is Darul Naim. Kelantan is positioned in the north-east of Peninsular Malaysia. It is bordered by Narathiwat Province of Thailand to the north, Terengganu to the south-east, Perak to the west and Pahang to the south. To the north-east of Kelantan is the South China Sea.

Kelantan State Legislative Assembly

The Kelantan State Legislative Assembly is the unicameral state legislature of the Malaysian state of Kelantan. It consists of 45 members representing single-member constituencies throughout the state. Elections are held no more than five years apart.


The 17th and current Menteri Besar of Kelantan is Ahmad Yaakob, who took office on 6 May 2013.


According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Kelantan shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God, and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world's population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative examples of Muhammad.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

A conflict of interest (COI) is a situation in which a person or organization is involved in multiple interests, financial or otherwise, and serving one interest could involve working against another. Typically, this relates to situations in which the personal interest of an individual or organization might adversely affect a duty owed to make decisions for the benefit of a third party.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

In law and government, appropriation is the act of setting apart something for its application to a particular usage, to the exclusion of all other uses.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.


The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

Loss of supply occurs where a government in a parliamentary democracy using the Westminster System or a system derived from it is denied a supply of treasury or exchequer funds, by whichever house or houses of parliament or head of state is constitutionally entitled to grant and deny supply. A defeat on a budgetary vote is one such way by which supply can be denied. Loss of supply is typically interpreted as indicating a loss of confidence in the government. Not all "money bills" are necessarily supply bills. For instance, in Australia, supply bills are defined as "bills which are required by the Government to carry on its day-to-day business".

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Kelantan politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri Besar

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of Kelantan

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Kelantan since 1886: [1] [2]

Colour key (for political parties):
   Alliance /   Barisan Nasional    PMIP/PAS

Political party [lower-alpha 1] Term of officeElectoral
1 Long Abdul Ghafar
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
Independent 17751794-
2 Wan Mahmud Wan Ibrahim
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
3 Tuan Besar Raja Muda Ismail
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
4 Long Zainal Abidin Long Abdul Ghafar
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
5 Nik Abdul Majid Nik Yusoff
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
6 Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
7 Saad Ngah
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
6 Nik Yusof Nik Abdul Majid
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
8 Hassan Mohd Salleh
(b. unknown–d. unknown)
9 Nik Mahmud Nik Ismail
30 April 192127 December 1944
10 Nik Ahmad Kamil Nik Mahmud
27 December 19441953
Parti Negara
11 Tengku Muhammad Hamzah
Raja Muda Long Zainal Abidin

(1909–d. unknown)
Alliance (UMNO)19531959
12 Ishak Lotfi Omar
MLA for Kota Bharu Selatan, 1959–1974
MLA for Ketereh, 1974–1978
PMIP 19591964

1959 (1st)

13 Asri Muda
MLA for Kota Bharu Tengah, 1959–1973
MLA for Kubang Kerian, 1982–1986

1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)

14 Ishak Lotfi Omar
MLA for Kota Bharu Selatan, 1959–1974
MLA for Ketereh, 1974–1978
BN (PAS)19731974

– (3rd)

15 Mohamed Nasir
MLA for Machang Utara, 1959–1964
MLA for Tendong, 1969–1982
1974November 1977

1974 (4th)

16 Hashim Aman
(born 1931)
Federal Director of Kelantan State Government
Independent November 197723 March 1978– (4th)
17 Mohamed Yaacob
MLA for Jelawat, 1974–1978
MLA for Lanas, 1978–1986
MLA for Panglima Bayu, 1986–1990
BN (UMNO)23 March 197822 October 1990

1978 (5th)
1982 (6th)
1986 (7th)

18 Nik Aziz Kelantan.jpg Nik Abdul Aziz Nik Mat
MLA for Semut Api, 1986–1995
MLA for Chempaka, 1995–2013
PAS 22 October 19906 May 2013

1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)
1999 (10th)
2004 (11th)
2008 (12th)

19 Ahmad Yakob
(b. 1950)
MLA for Pasir Pekan, since 1995
6 May 2013Incumbent

2013 (13th)
2018 (14th)

  1. This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris Besar

NameTerm of officeYear of birth
Hashim Aman1977–19781931 (age 87)

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  1. Kelantan Accessed 12 June 2010
  2. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2015-08-31.