List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Kingston, Ontario

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This is a list of National Historic Sites (French : Lieux historiques nationaux du Canada) in Kingston , Ontario. There are 22 National Historic Sites designated in Kingston, [1] including the Rideau Canal which extends from Ottawa and traverses 202 kilometres (126 mi) to Kingston. The following sites are administered by Parks Canada: Bellevue House, Kingston Fortifications, the Rideau Canal and Shoal Tower (identified below by the beaver icon Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png ). [2] Fort Henry and Fort Frontenac were both designated in 1923 and were the first sites designated in Kingston.

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Numerous National Historic Events also occurred in Kingston, and are identified at places associated with them, using the same style of federal plaque which marks National Historic Sites. Several National Historic Persons are commemorated throughout the city in the same way. The markers do not indicate which designation—a Site, Event, or Person—a subject has been given.

National Historic Sites located elsewhere in Ontario are listed at National Historic Sites in Ontario.

This list uses names designated by the national Historic Sites and Monuments Board, which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites

Commons-logo.svg Media related to National Historic Sites of Canada in Ontario at Wikimedia Commons

SiteDate(s)DesignatedLocationDescriptionImage
Ann Baillie Building [3] [4] 1904 (completed)1997 Kingston
44°13′25.56″N76°29′32.53″W / 44.2237667°N 76.4923694°W / 44.2237667; -76.4923694 (Ann Baillie Building)
One of the first purpose-built nurses’ residences in Canada, the building represents the professionalization of nursing in Canada in the early 20th-century, and now serves as the Museum of Health Care Ann Baillie Building.jpg
Bellevue House Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [5] 1841 (completed)1995 Kingston
44°13′22″N76°30′12″W / 44.22278°N 76.50333°W / 44.22278; -76.50333 (Bellevue House)
A noted example of Italianate architecture in the Picturesque manner in Canada, and the former residence of John A. Macdonald, a Father of Confederation and the first Prime Minister of Canada Bellevue House February 2012.JPG
Cataraqui Cemetery [6] [7] 1850 (established)2011 Kingston
44°15′52″N76°32′28″W / 44.26444°N 76.54111°W / 44.26444; -76.54111 (Cataraqui Cemetery)
One of the best examples of a medium-sized rural or garden cemetery in Canada, containing a range of remarkable monuments, a Gothic Revival lodge, and the graves of many notable Canadians, including John A. Macdonald, the first Prime Minister (itself a NHS) Cataraqui Cemetery.jpg
Elizabeth Cottage [8] 1843 (completed)1993 Kingston
44°13′54.46″N76°29′20.26″W / 44.2317944°N 76.4889611°W / 44.2317944; -76.4889611 (Elizabeth Cottage)
A representative example of a 19th-century Gothic Revival villa Elizabeth Cottage Kingston 2008.jpg
Fort Frontenac [9] [10] 1673 (original fort completed)1923 Kingston
44°14′00″N76°28′43″W / 44.23333°N 76.47861°W / 44.23333; -76.47861 (Fort Frontenac)
Originally a French trading post that served as a gateway to the West, the base of Robert de LaSalle’s explorations and a French outpost against the Iroquois and English forces Fort Frontenac.JPG
Fort Henry Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [11] [12] 1840 (completed)1923 Kingston
44°13′48.95″N76°27′34.85″W / 44.2302639°N 76.4596806°W / 44.2302639; -76.4596806 (Fort Henry)
British fort that served as the principal fortification among a series of military works designed to defend Kingston, its harbour and dockyard and the entrance to the Rideau Canal Carlb-fthenry-03.jpg
Frontenac County Court House [13] [14] 1858 (completed)1980 Kingston
44°13′40″N76°29′23″W / 44.227777°N 76.489777°W / 44.227777; -76.489777 (Frontenac County Court House)
Representative of the large-scale court houses erected in Ontario after 1850, when the Municipal Act was amended to give increased power to counties to construct court houses on a monumental scale to accommodate various county functions Kingston Frontenac County Courthouse.jpg
Kingston City Hall and Market Square [15] [16] 1844 (completed)1961 Kingston
44°13′47.68″N76°28′50.1″W / 44.2299111°N 76.480583°W / 44.2299111; -76.480583 (Kingston City Hall)
A prominent example of the Neoclassical style in Canada, with a landmark tholobate and dome; its scale and design are reflective of Kingston's status at the time of construction as capital of the Province of Canada. The Kingston Public Market, founded in 1801, is behind city hall and part of the national historic site and is the oldest public market in Ontario. Kingston City Hall in 2007.jpg
Kingston Customs House [17] [18] 1859 (completed)1971 Kingston
44°13′46.64″N76°28′56.45″W / 44.2296222°N 76.4823472°W / 44.2296222; -76.4823472 (Kingston Customs House)
A limestone former customs house; an excellent example of the architectural quality of mid-19th-century public buildings designed in the British classical tradition Customs House Kingston Ontario Postcard.jpg
Kingston Dry Dock [19] [20] 1892 (completed)1978 Kingston
44°13′30.63″N76°29′0.16″W / 44.2251750°N 76.4833778°W / 44.2251750; -76.4833778 (Kingston Dry Dock)
An important construction and repair facility for ships on the Great Lakes; noted for the Second World War naval vessels, notably corvettes, built in this dry dock Ship building in 1890s.jpg
Kingston Fortifications Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [21] [22] 1840 (completed)1989 Kingston
44°13′20″N76°29′25″W / 44.222275°N 76.490357°W / 44.222275; -76.490357 (Kingston Fortifications)
A fortification system consisting of five installations (Fort Henry NHS, Fort Frederick, Murney Tower NHS, Shoal Tower NHS and Cathcart Tower), crucial to the 19th century defense of Kingston and the terminus of the Rideau Canal CMR - Tour martello 2.JPG
Kingston General Hospital [23] [24] 1833-1924 (completion of historic buildings)1995 Kingston
44°13′27″N076°29′35″W / 44.22417°N 76.49306°W / 44.22417; -76.49306 (Kingston General Hospital)
A complex of limestone buildings, built between 1833 and 1924, set in a campus of more recent hospital buildings; the oldest public hospital in Canada still in operation, with facilities illustrative of health care in Canada in the 19th and 20th centuries
Kingston Navy Yard [25] 1788 (established)1928 Kingston
44°13′44″N76°28′07″W / 44.22889°N 76.46861°W / 44.22889; -76.46861 (Kingston Navy Yard)
The site of a Royal Navy Dockyard from 1788 to 1853 Dockyard Point Frederick.jpg
Kingston Penitentiary [26] [27] 1835 (established)1990 Kingston
44°13′14″N76°30′48″W / 44.22069°N 76.51340°W / 44.22069; -76.51340 (Kingston Penitentiary)
Canada's oldest reformatory prison, with a layout that served as a model for other federal prisons for more than a century; its massive stone wall and north gate are an imposing local landmark Kingston Pen 1.JPG
Murney Tower Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [28] [29] 1846 (completed)1930 Kingston
44°13′20″N76°29′26″W / 44.22228°N 76.490582°W / 44.22228; -76.490582 (Murney Tower)
A martello tower located on Murray Point on the west shore of Kingston Harbour; also a component of the Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site of Canada Carlb-martello-02.jpg
Old Kingston Post Office [30] [31] 1859 (completed)1971 Kingston
44°13′47.91″N76°28′58.89″W / 44.2299750°N 76.4830250°W / 44.2299750; -76.4830250 (Old Kingston Post Office)
A two-storey, limestone building built in the Neoclassical style, illustrative of the popularity of neoclassical elements in the mid-19th century and the eclecticism of early Victorian architecture in Canada Old Post Office Kingston Ontario (crop).jpg
Point Frederick Buildings [32] [33] 1973 Kingston
44°13′40.73″N76°28′10.12″W / 44.2279806°N 76.4694778°W / 44.2279806; -76.4694778 (Point Frederick Buildings)
A peninsula upon which a major British naval base was located during the War of 1812; an assemblage of architecturally significant structures used by the Royal Military College of Canada CMR - Tour martello 1.JPG
Rideau Canal Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [34] [35] 1837 (completed)1925 Ottawa to Kingston
45°25′33″N75°41′50″W / 45.42583°N 75.69722°W / 45.42583; -75.69722 (Rideau Canal)
Built for the British government by Lieutenant-Colonel John By as a defensive work in the event of war with the United States, the canal is the best preserved example of a 19th-century slack water canal in North America, with most of its original structures intact Canal-lock-mechanism.jpg
Roselawn [36] [37] 1841 (completed)1969 Kingston
44°13′31.98″N76°30′36.66″W / 44.2255500°N 76.5101833°W / 44.2255500; -76.5101833 (Roselawn)
A two-storey neoclassical house, now used as a conference centre by Queen's University; at one time the centre of a large estate, it is representative of the large 19th-century country houses built for affluent Kingstonians just beyond the (then) city outskirts Roselawn National Historic Site of Canada (2).JPG
Shoal Tower Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [38] [39] 1847 (completed)1930 Kingston
44°13′43.69″N76°28′41.14″W / 44.2288028°N 76.4780944°W / 44.2288028; -76.4780944 (Shoal Tower)
A martello tower located on a shoal in Kingston harbour; a component of the Kingston Fortifications NHS, and symbolic of Kingston's military and naval significance in the 19th century Kingston Shoal Tower.jpg
Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite [40] [41] 1891 (burial)1938 Kingston
44°15′43″N76°32′32″W / 44.262080°N 76.542188°W / 44.262080; -76.542188 (Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite)
The burial place of Sir John A. Macdonald, a Father of Confederation and the first Prime Minister of Canada, in Cataraqui Cemetery NHS Funeral of Sir John A. Macdonald, Cataraqui Cemetery, Kingston, Ont.jpg
War of 1812 Shipwrecks [42] 1814 (built)2015 Kingston
44°13′52″N76°27′08″W / 44.231003°N 76.452241°W / 44.231003; -76.452241
Wrecks of the British ships Saint Lawrence, Princess Charlotte, and Prince Regent in Deadman Bay and elsewhere

See also

Related Research Articles

Kingston, Ontario City in Ontario, Canada

Kingston is a city in Ontario, Canada. It is located on the eastern end of Lake Ontario, at the beginning of the St. Lawrence River and at the mouth of the Cataraqui River. The city is midway between Toronto, Ontario, and Montreal, Quebec. Kingston is also located nearby the Thousand Islands tourist region to the east and the Prince Edward County tourist region to the west. Kingston is nicknamed the "Limestone City" because of the many heritage buildings constructed using local limestone.

National Historic Sites of Canada Heritage registers in Canada

National Historic Sites of Canada are places that have been designated by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC), as being of national historic significance. Parks Canada, a federal agency, manages the National Historic Sites program. As of July 2021, there were 999 National Historic Sites, 172 of which are administered by Parks Canada; the remainder are administered or owned by other levels of government or private entities. The sites are located across all ten provinces and three territories, with two sites located in France.

Fort Henry National Historic Site National historic site and fort in Kingston, Ontario

Fort Henry National Historic Site is located in Kingston, Ontario, Canada on Point Henry, a strategic, elevated point near the mouth of the Cataraqui River where it flows into the St. Lawrence River at the east end of Lake Ontario. The fort and the point on which the fort was built were named after Henry Hamilton, former Lieutenant-Governor of the Province of Quebec.

Murney Tower Defensive tower built to protect Kingston, Ontario from American threats

Murney Tower is a Martello tower in Kingston, Ontario, Canada, whose construction dates to January 1846. The Tower was built in response to the Oregon Crisis, which was a tense dispute over the border between British North America and the United States in the 1840s.

Fort Frederick (Kingston, Ontario)

Fort Frederick is a historic military building located on Point Frederick on the grounds of the Royal Military College of Canada (RMC) in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Its construction dates to 1846 and the Oregon boundary dispute. The fort consists of earthworks surrounding a Martello tower. Fort Frederick is included in two separate National Historic Sites of Canada: Kingston Fortifications National Historic Site and the Point Frederick Buildings National Historic Site.

Fort Mississauga

Fort Mississauga National Historic Site is a fort on the shore of Lake Ontario, at the mouth of the Niagara River in Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada. The fort today consists of a box–shaped brick tower and historic star–shaped earthworks. The all–brick fort was built from 1814–1816 during the War of 1812, to replace nearby Fort George. It was built on a foundation of brick and stone salvaged from rubble left after retreating United States forces burned the nearby town of Newark in December, 1813. It would help in the defence of Upper Canada the following year, as part of a regional network that included Fort George, Navy Hall, and Butler's Barracks. However, the fort would not be completed until after the war.

Cathcart Tower

Cathcart Tower is a Martello tower located on Cedar Island in the St. Lawrence River, off the eastern shore of Fort Henry in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. It is one of four such towers built in the 1840s to protect Kingston's harbour and the entrance to the Rideau Canal. The other towers are: Fort Frederick, Shoal Tower, and Murney Tower. Alexander Mackenzie was a foreman on the construction of the Carthcart Tower and later went on to become Canada's second prime minister 1873–1878. It was his work crew whose boat capsized while returning from Cedar Island, drowning 17 men. Hamilton Cove was subsequently renamed Deadman's Bay.

Persons of National Historic Significance are people designated by the Canadian government as being nationally significant in the history of the country. Designations are made by the Minister of the Environment on the recommendation of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada. Approximately 70 nominations are submitted to the board each year. A person is eligible to be listed 25 years after death, but Prime Ministers may be designated any time after death. Parks Canada administers the program, and installs and maintains the federal plaques commonly erected to commemorate each person, usually placed at a site closely associated with them. The intent is generally to honour the person's contribution to the country but is always to educate the public about that person.

Shoal Tower

Shoal Tower, originally known as Victoria Tower, is a Martello tower located in the harbour of Kingston, Ontario, Canada, directly opposite Kingston City Hall. It is one of four such towers built in the 1840s to protect Kingston's harbour and the entrance to the Rideau Canal. Cathcart Tower on Cedar Island, Shoal Tower in the Confederation Basin, Fort Frederick on the grounds of the Royal Military College of Canada, and Murney Tower were part of the same strategic improvements. Although 16 Martello towers were built in Canada, only 11 are still standing, four of them in Kingston.

Events of National Historic Significance

Events of National Historic Significance are events that have been designated by Canada's Minister of the Environment, on the advice of the national Historic Sites and Monuments Board, as being defining actions, episodes, movements or experiences in Canadian history. To be designated, an event must have occurred at least 40 years previous; events that continue into the more recent past are evaluated on the basis of what occurred at least 40 years ago. As of October 2018, there were 485 designated Events of National Historic Significance.

References

  1. Kingston, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  2. Kingston Archived 2012-10-10 at the Wayback Machine , National Historic Sites of Canada - administered by Parks Canada
  3. Ann Baillie Building, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  4. Ann Baillie Building . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  5. Bellevue House . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  6. Cataraqui Cemetery . Directory of Federal Heritage Designations. Parks Canada . Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  7. "National Historic Designations, Historic Communities (Backgrounder)". News Releases and Backgrounders. Parks Canada . Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  8. Elizabeth Cottage . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  9. Fort Frontenac, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  10. Fort Frontenac . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  11. Fort Henry, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  12. Fort Henry . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  13. Frontenac County Court House [ permanent dead link ], Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  14. Frontenac County Court House . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  15. Kingston City Hall, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  16. Kingston City Hall . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  17. Kingston Customs House, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  18. Kingston Customs House . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  19. Kingston Dry Dock, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  20. Kingston Dry Dock . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  21. Kingston Fortifications [ permanent dead link ], Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  22. Kingston Fortifications . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  23. Kingston General Hospital, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  24. Kingston General Hospital . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  25. Kingston Navy Yard, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  26. Kingston Penitentiary, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  27. Kingston Penitentiary . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  28. Murney Tower, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  29. Murney Tower . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  30. Old Kingston Post Office, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  31. Old Kingston Post Office . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  32. Point Frederick Buildings, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  33. Point Frederick Buildings . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  34. Rideau Canal, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  35. Rideau Canal . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  36. Roselawn, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  37. Roselawn . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  38. Shoal Tower, Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  39. Shoal Tower . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  40. Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite Archived 2015-03-23 at the Wayback Machine , Directory of Designations of National Historic Significance of Canada
  41. Sir John A. Macdonald Gravesite . Canadian Register of Historic Places .
  42. Harper Government Recognizes the National Historic Significance of War of 1812 Shipwrecks, Parks Canada news release, July 31, 2015