List of Navarrese monarchs

Last updated
Coat of arms of the monarchs of Navarre since 1212 Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Navarre (Variant).svg
Coat of arms of the monarchs of Navarre since 1212

This is a list of the kings and queens of Pamplona , later Navarre . Pamplona was the primary name of the kingdom until its union with Aragon (1076–1134). However, the territorial designation Navarre came into use as an alternative name in the late tenth century, and the name Pamplona was retained well into the twelfth century.

Contents

Carte historique des Royaumes d'Espagne et Portugal.jpg
Monarchs of
the Iberian
Peninsula
al-Andalus
Almohads
Almoravids
Aragon
Family tree
Asturias
Family tree
Castile
Family tree
Catalonia
Córdoba
Emirate  · Caliphate
Family tree
Galicia
Granada
León
Family tree
Majorca
Navarre
Family tree
Portugal
Family tree
Spain
Medieval  · Modern
Family tree
Suebi
Taifas
Valencia
Viguera
Visigoths
Family tree

House of Íñiguez, 824?–905

The Íñiguez dynasty are credited with founding the Navarrese kingdom (of Pamplona) in or around 824 when they are said to have risen against an attempt to extend Frankish (Carolingian) authority into the region. The Cordoban sources referred to them as sometimes-rebellious vassals, rather than in the manner used to refer to the Christian realms outside their control. They were supplanted in 905 when an anti-Cordoba coalition placed the succeeding Jiménez dynasty in power.

NamePortraitBirthMarriagesDeath
Íñigo Arista
824?–851/2
Inigo Arista head.jpg 4 children851/2
García Íñiguez
851/2–882
son of Íñigo Arista 5 children882
Fortún Garcés
882–905
son of García Íñiguez Auria
5 children
922
(deposed 905)

House of Jiménez, 905–1234

In 905, a coalition of neighbors forced Fortún Garcés to retire to a monastery, and enthroned in his place a scion of a new dynasty. Under their reign, the name Navarre began to supplant that of Pamplona.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Sancho I Garcés
905–925
son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de Pallars Toda of Navarre
6 children
11 December 925
Resa
Jimeno Garcés
925–931
son of García Jiménez and Dadildis de Pallars Sancha of Navarre
3 children
29 May 931
García Sánchez I
931–970
919
son of Sancho I Garcés and Toda of Navarre
Andregota Galíndez of Aragón
2 children
Teresa Ramírez of León
3 children
22 February 970
aged 51
Sancho II Garcés Abarca
970–994
Sancho II of Pamplona (2).jpg after 935
son of García Sánchez I and Andregota
Urraca Fernández
4 children
December 994
García Sánchez II
994–1000/1004
son of Sancho II Garcés Abarca and Urraca Fernández Jimena Fernández of Cea
981
4 children
1000/1004
Sancho III the Great
1004–1035
Lauda Sepulcral SanchoIII El Mayor Navarra.jpg 985
son of García Sánchez II and Jimena Fernández of Cea
Muniadona of Castile
1010
4 children
18 October 1035
García Sánchez III
1035–1054
1016
son of Sancho III the Great and Muniadona of Castile
Estefanía of Barcelona
1038
9 children
15 September 1054
Atapuerca
Sancho IV Garcés
1054–1076
1039
son of García Sánchez III and Estefanía of Barcelona
Placencia
1068
3 children
4 June 1076
Peñalén

With the assassination of Sancho IV, Navarre was partitioned by his cousins Alfonso VI of Castile and Sancho Ramírez of Aragón, and the latter made king, leading to more than half a century of Aragonese control.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Sancho V Ramírez
1076–1094
Sancho Remiriz.jpg 1042
son of Ramiro I of Aragón and Ermesinde of Bigorre
Isabel of Urgel
1065
1 child
Felicia of Roucy
1076
3 children
4 June 1094
Huesca
aged approximately 52
Peter
1094–1104
Pietro I d'Aragon.jpg 1068
son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón and Navarre and Isabella of Urgel
Agnes of Aquitaine
1086
2 children
Bertha of Aragón
1097
No children
28 September 1104
Aran Valley
aged approximately 36
Alfonso I the Battler
1104–1134
Alifonso I d'Aragon.jpg 1073
son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón and Navarre and Felicia of Roucy
Urraca of Castile
1109
No children
8 September 1134
Huesca
aged approximately 61

The death of Alfonso led to a succession crisis in Aragón and the nobles of Navarre took advantage to reestablish an independent monarchy, crowning a grandnephew (through an illegitimate brother) of the assassinated Sancho IV.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
García Ramírez the Restorer
1134–1150
King of Navarre GarciaIV.JPG son of Ramiro Sánchez of Monzón and Cristina Rodríguez Díaz de Vivar Marguerite de l'Aigle
1130
4 children
Urraca of Castile
24 June 1144
2 children
21 November 1150
Lorca
Sancho VI the Wise
1150–1194
Sello de Sancho el Sabio.svg 1133
son of García Ramírez and Marguerite de l'Aigle
Sancha of Castile
1157
6 children
27 June 1194
Pamplona
Sancho VII the Strong
1194–1234
SanchosoloWK.jpg 1157
Tudela
son of Sancho VI of Navarre and Sancha of Castile
Constance of Toulouse
1195
No children
Clemence (of Hohenstaufen?)
aft. 1201
1 son
7 April 1234
Tudela

House of Champagne, 1234–1284

The death of Sancho VII, the last of the Jiménez kings, led to the crown of Navarre being inherited by the son of his sister Blanche, Countess of Champagne, she having been regent during much of her brother's reign.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Theobald I the Posthumous
1234–1253
Theobald IV. of Champagne.gif 30 May 1201
Troyes
son of Theobald III of Champagne and Blanche of Navarre
Gertrude of Dagsburg
1220
No children
Agnes of Beaujeu
1222
1 child
Margaret of Bourbon
1232
6 children
8 July 1253
Pamplona
aged 52
Theobald II the Young
1253–1270
Theobald II of Navarre.jpg 1238
son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret of Bourbon
Isabelle of France
6 April 1255
No children
4 December 1270
Trapani
aged 32
Henry I the Fat
1270–1274
Henry 1 of Navarre.jpg 1244
son of Theobald I of Navarre and Margaret of Bourbon
Blanche of Artois
1269
2 children
22 July 1274
aged 30
Joan I
1274–1305
JanaNavarra BNf.jpg 14 January 1271
Bar-sur-Seine
daughter of Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois
Philip IV of France
16 August 1284
7 children
4 April 1305
Château de Vincennes
aged 34

Capetian dynasty, 1284–1441

House of Capet, 1284–1349

Henry's unexpected death left his infant daughter Joan as the only heir to the throne. Joan's mother Blanche of Artois served as regent for the next ten years. In 1284 Joan was married to the future Philip IV of France, ending Blanche's regency. Philip assumed the throne of France a year later as "King of France and Navarre".

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)DeathClaim
Philip I the Fair
Philip IV of France
1284–1305
Bezard - Philippe IV le bel.jpg 1268
Fontainebleau
son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon
Joan I of Navarre
16 August 1284
7 children
29 November 1314
Fontainebleau
aged 46
By the right of his wife, Joan II
Louis I the Quarreller
Louis X of France
1305–1316
Louis X of France (1289 - 1316).jpg 4 October 1289
Paris
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Margaret of Burgundy
21 September 1305
1 child
Clementia of Hungary
19 August 1315
1 child
5 June 1316
Vincennes
aged 26
By the right of his mother, Joan II
John I the Posthumous
of France
1316
John I of France.jpg 15 November 1316
Paris
son of Louis X of France and Clementia of Hungary
never married20 November 1316
Paris
5 days
By the right of his father, Louis X
Philip II the Tall
Philip V of France
1316–1322
Philippe V, roi de France.jpg 1292
Lyon
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Joan II, Countess of Burgundy
1307
7 children
3 January 1322
Longchamp
aged 29
By the right of his mother, Joan II
Charles I the Fair
Charles IV of France
1322–1328
Charles IV Le Bel.jpg 19 June 1294
Clermont
son of Philip IV of France and Joan I of Navarre
Blanche of Burgundy
1307
2 children
Marie of Luxembourg
1322
2 children
Jeanne d'Évreux
1325
3 children
1 February 1328
Vincennes
aged 34
By the right of his mother, Joan II
Joan II
1328–1349
Jana2Navarra hlava.jpg 28 January 1312
Charenton-le-Pont
daughter of Louis X of France and Margaret of Burgundy
Philip III of Navarre
8 children
6 October 1349
Charenton-le-Pont
aged 37
  • By the right of her father, Louis X
  • By the right of the invitation of the general assembly

House of Évreux, 1328–1441

After the deaths of Louis and his infant son John, his brothers Philip and Charles held the crowns of France and Navarre until their own deaths. At that time, the crown of France passed to Philip of Valois, a distant cousin who was not descended from Joan I, and the crown of Navarre was allowed to pass to Louis' daughter Joan II. Joan reigned together with her husband Philip III until his death, and then alone until her own death.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Philip III the Wise
(jure uxoris)
1328–1343
King of Navarre PhilipIII.JPG 27 March 1306
son of Louis count of Evreux and Margaret of Artois
Joan II of Navarre
8 children
16 September 1343
Jerez de la Frontera
aged 37
Charles II the Bad
1349–1387
Karel2.jpg 10 October 1332
Évreux
son of Philip III of Navarre and Joan II of Navarre
Joan of France
7 children
1 January 1387
Pamplona
aged 54
Charles III the Noble
1387–1425
Carlos III.JPG 22 July 1361
Nantes
son of Charles II of Navarre and Joan of France
Eleanor of Castile
1375
8 children
8 September 1425
Olite
aged 64
Blanche Ι
1425–1441
1387
Castile
daughter of Charles III of Navarre and Eleanor of Castile
Martin I of Sicily
26 December 1402
1 child
John II of Aragon
10 June 1420
4 children
3 April 1441
Santa María la Real de Nieva
aged 56

House of Trastámara, 1425–1479

Blanche I reigned together with her husband John II. In 1458, John additionally inherited the crown of Aragon from his older brother; after his death, the Navarrese crown was given to Eleanor, the only living child of him and Blanche, while his Aragonese crown was given to Ferdinand II of Aragon, son of John and his second wife Juana Enríquez.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
John II the Great
1425–1441 (jure uxoris)
1425–1479 (de facto)
Chuan II d'Aragon.jpg 29 June 1397
Medina del Campo
son of Ferdinand I and Eleanor of Alburquerque
Blanche
6 November 1419
4 children
Juana Enríquez
2 children
20 January 1479
Barcelona
aged 81
Eleanor
1479
Leonor de Navarra.jpg 2 February 1425
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
11 children
12 February 1479
Tudela
aged 54

Claimants

After Blanche's death in 1441, John retained the crown of Navarre for himself until he died 38 years later, keeping it from his son and elder daughter, Charles IV and Blanche II. Conflict with his son led to the Navarrese Civil War. Though some of the sources regard Charles and Blanche as the legitimate monarchs, the de facto king of Navarre was still John II. Eleanor didn't claim to be the queen until her father's death.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Charles IV
1441–1461 (de jure, titular)
Princep carles de viana.jpg 29 May 1421
Peñafiel
son of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Agnes of Cleves
No children
23 September 1461
Barcelona
aged 40
Blanche II
1461–1464 (de jure, titular)
1424
Olite
daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre
Henry IV of Castile
No children
2 December 1464
Orthez
aged 40

House of Foix, 1479–1517

Eleanor, who had allied with her father against her brother and sister, outlived her father by only three weeks. By that time she was the widow of Gaston IV, Count of Foix, and their oldest son Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana had also died. She was thus succeeded by her grandson Francis.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Francis Phoebus
1479–1483
12 April 1467
son of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, and Magdalena of Valois
never married12 February 1483
Pau
aged 16
Catherine
1483–1517
1468
daughter of Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana, and Magdalena of Valois
John III of Navarre
13 children
12 February 1517
Mont-de-Marsan
aged 49

House of Albret, 1484–1516

Catherine reigned together with her husband John III. After his death, she reigned alone for eight months until her own death. During their reign, Navarre was defeated by Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1512, resulting in the loss of all its territory south of the Pyrenees, including the royal capital of Pamplona. Ferdinand, the son of John II and his second wife and thus the half-brother of Catherine's grandmother Eleanor, was then crowned King of Navarre, and that branch of the title descended through the Aragonese and Spanish monarchs. Catherine and John III were left with Lower Navarre, that small fraction of the kingdom's former territory that is on the north side of the Pyrenees, which was united with other lands in France that were under their control.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
John III
(jure uxoris)
1484–1516
Royal Coat of Arms of Navarre (1483-1512).svg 1469
son of Alain I of Albret and Francoise of Châtillon-Limoges
Catherine of Navarre
13 children
14 June 1516
Pau
aged 47

House of Trastamara, 1512-1516

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Ferdinand I
1512–1516 [1]
FerdinandIIA.jpg 1452
son of John II of Navarre and Juana Enríquez
Isabella I of Castille
5 children
23 January 1516
Madrigalejo
aged 63

Division of Kingdom

Lower Navarre

In 1530, Charles V decided to renounce definitively any claim to Lower Navarre due to the impossibility of controlling it, [2] [3] and because it was being effectively ruled by Henry II. However, Charles V and his mother Joana III continued as kings in Upper Navarre.

Catherine and John III were left with that small fraction of the kingdom's former territory that is on the north side of the Pyrenees, which was united with other lands in France that were under their control.

House of Albret, 1517–1572

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Henry II
1517–1555
Henri d'Albret.jpg 18 April 1503
Sangüesa
son of John III of Navarre and Catherine of Navarre
Margaret of Angoulême
1526
2 children
25 May 1555
Hagetmau
aged 52
Joan III
1555–1572
Jeanne d'Albret.JPG 16 November 1528
Saint-Germain-en-Laye
daughter of Henry II of Navarre and Margaret of Angoulême
Antoine of Navarre
20 October 1548
5 children
9 June 1572
Paris
aged 43

House of Bourbon, 1572–1620

Jeanne III reigned together with her husband Antoine until his death, and then alone until her own death. Their son Henry became King of France in 1589, taking possession of the kingdom in 1593 as the French Wars of Religion came to a close. Thereafter the crown of Navarre passed to the kings of France. In 1620, the Kingdom was merged into France; however, the French kings continued to use the title King of Navarre until 1791, and it was revived again from 1814 to 1830 during the Bourbon Restoration.

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Antoine
(jure uxoris)
1555–1562
Antoine-de-bourbon.jpg 22 April 1518
La Fère, Picardy
son of Charles, Duke of Vendôme, and Françoise of Alençon
Joan III of Navarre
20 October 1548
5 children
17 November 1562
Les Andelys, Eure
aged 44
Henry III the Great
Henry IV of France
1572–1610
Augustins - Henri IV, roi de France et de Navarre - Jacques Boulbene.jpg 13 December 1553
Pau
son of Antoine of Navarre and Joan III of Navarre
(1) Margaret of France
18 August 1572
no issues
(2) Marie de' Medici
17 December 1600
6 children
14 May 1610
Paris
aged 56
Louis II the Just
Louis XIII of France
1610–1620
Louis XIIIval grace.jpg 27 September 1601
Château de Fontainebleau
son of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici
Anne of Spain
24 November 1615
6 children
14 May 1643
Paris
aged 41

Titular Rulers of Navarre (1620–1830)

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Louis II the Just
Louis XIII of France
1620–1643
Louis XIIIval grace.jpg 27 September 1601
Château de Fontainebleau
son of Henry IV of France and Marie de' Medici
Anne of Spain
24 November 1615
6 children
14 May 1643
Paris
aged 41
Louis III the Sun King
(Louis XIV of France)
1643–1715
Louis XIV of France.jpg 5 September 1638
Chateau de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Kingdom of France
son of Louis XIII of France, and Anne of Spain
(1) Maria Theresa of Spain
9 June 1660
3 children
(2) Françoise d'Aubigné, Marquise de Maintenon (private)
9 September 1715
Palace of Versailles, France
aged 76
Louis IV the Beloved
Louis XV of France
1715–1774
Louis XV by Maurice-Quentin de La Tour.jpg 15 February 1710
Palace of Versailles
son of Louis, Duke of Burgundy and Marie Adelaide of Savoy
Maria Leszczynska of Poland-Lithuania
15 August 1725
10 children
10 May 1774
Palace of Versailles
aged 64
Louis V
Louis XVI of France
1774–1793
Antoine-Francois Callet - Louis XVI, roi de France et de Navarre (1754-1793), revetu du grand costume royal en 1779 - Google Art Project.jpg 23 August 1754
Palace of Versailles
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Josepha of Saxony, Dauphine of France
Maria Antonia of Austria
19 April 1770
4 children
21 January 1793
Paris, French First Republic
aged 38

Restoration

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Louis VII the Desired
Louis XVIII of France
(1) 1814–1815
(2) 1815–1824
Gerard - Louis XVIII of France in Coronation Robes.jpg 9 October 1757
Palace of Versailles, Kingdom of France
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Josepha of Saxony
Marie Josephine of Savoy
14 May 1771
No children
16 September 1824
Paris, Kingdom of France
aged 68
Charles V
Charles X of France
1824–1830
July Revolution
Carlos X de Francia (Francois Gerard).jpg 17 November 1755
Palace of Versailles, Kingdom of France
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Josepha of Saxony
Maria Theresa of Savoy
16 November 1773
4 children
6 November 1836
Gorizia, Austrian Empire
aged 79

Upper Navarre

House of Trastamara, 1516-1555 [4]

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Joanna III
1516-1555
Meister der Magdalenenlegende 002.jpg 6 November 1479
daughter of Ferdinand I of Navarre and Isabella of Castille
Philip, Duke of Burgundy
6 children
12 April 1555
Tordesillas
aged 75

House of Austria, 1516-1700

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Charles IV
1516-1556 [5]
Barend van Orley - Portrait of Charles V - Google Art Project.jpg 24 February 1500
son of Philip, Duke of Burgundy and Joanna III of Navarre
Isabella of Portugal
3 children
21 September 1558
Yuste
aged 58
Philip IV
1556-1598
Moro - Felipe II - Prado.jpg 21 May 1527
son of Charles IV of Navarre and Isabella of Portugal
Maria Manuela of Portugal
1 child
Mary I of England
No children
Elisabeth of Valois
2 children
Anna of Austria
3 children
13 September 1598
Escorial
aged 71
Philip V
1598-1621
Retrato de Felipe III de Espana (Palacio Real de Madrid).jpg
14 April 1578
son of Philip IV of Navarra and Anna of Austria
Margaret of Austria
5 children
31 March 1621
Madrid
aged 42
Philip VI
1621-1665
Philip IV of Spain.jpg
8 April 1605
son of Philip V of Navarra and Margaret of Austria
Elisabeth of Bourbon
2 children
Mariana of Austria
2 children
17 September 1665
Madrid
aged 60
Charles V
1665-1700
Karl II. (1661 - 1700), Konig von Spanien.jpg
6 November 1661
son of Philip VI of Navarra and Mariana of Austria
Marie Louise of Orléans
No children
Maria Anna of Neuburg
No children
1 November 1700
Madrid
aged 38

House of Bourbon, 1700-1833

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Philip VII [6]
1700-1724
Miguel Jacinto Melendez - Felipe V, duque de Anjou (Museo del Prado) 2.jpg
19 December 1683
son of Louis Dauphin of France and Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
Maria Luisa of Savoy
2 children
Elisabeth Farnese
6 children
9 July 1746
Madrid
aged 62
Louis II [6]
1724
Luis I of Spain in 1724 by Melendez.jpg
25 August 1707
son of Philip VII of Navarre and Maria Luisa of Savoy
Louise Elisabeth of Orléans
No children
31 August 1724
Madrid
aged 17
Philip VII [6]
1724-1746
Miguel Jacinto Melendez - Felipe V, duque de Anjou (Museo del Prado) 2.jpg
19 December 1683
son of Louis Dauphin of France and Maria Anna Victoria of Bavaria
Maria Luisa of Savoy
2 children
Elisabeth Farnese
6 children
9 July 1746
Madrid
aged 62
Ferdinand II
1746-1759
Fernando VI - Louis Michel van Loo.png
23 September 1713
son of Philip VII of Navarre and Maria Luisa of Savoy
Barbara of Portugal
No children
10 August 1759
Madrid
aged 45
Charles VI [7] [8]
1759-1789
Carlos III cazador.jpg
20 January 1716
son of Philip VII of Navarre and Elisabeth Farnese
Maria Amalia of Saxony
13 children
14 December 1788
Madrid
aged 72
Charles VII [9] [10]
1789-1808
Museo Provincial de Zaragoza - PC301840.jpg
11 November 1748
son of Charles VI of Navarre and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Maria Luisa of Parma
14 children
20 January 1819
Madrid
aged 70
Ferdinand III of Navarre [11]
1808-1833
Retrato de Fernando VII (Museo Romantico).JPG 14 October 1784
son of Charles VII of Navarre and Maria Luisa of Parma
Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily
No children
Maria Isabel of Portugal
2 children
Maria Josepha Amalia of Saxony
No children
Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies
2 children
29 September 1833
Madrid
aged 48
Isabella
1833–1833
1833 territorial division of Spain
Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz - Retrato de Isabel II - Google Art Project.jpg 10 October 1830
daughter of Ferdinand VII of Spain and Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily
Francis of Spain
5 children
9 April 1904
Paris, French Third Republic
aged 73

Regents

NamePortraitBirthMarriage(s)Death
Maria Christina of Naples and Sicily
for her daughter, Isabella
1833
1833 territorial division of Spain
Maria Cristina de Borbon-Dos Sicilias, reina de Espana.jpg 27 April 1806
daughter of Francis I of the Two Sicilies and Maria Isabella of Spain
Ferdinand VII of Spain
2 children
22 August 1878
Le Havre, French Third Republic
aged 72

Current claimants

See also

Related Research Articles

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Sancho Garcés III, also known as Sancho the Great, was the King of Pamplona from 1004 until his death in 1035. He also ruled the County of Aragon and by marriage the counties of Castile, Álava and Monzón. He later added the counties of Sobrarbe (1015), Ribagorza (1018) and Cea (1030), and would intervene in the Kingdom of León, taking its eponymous capital city in 1034.

Kingdom of Navarre Medieval Basque kingdom that occupied the lands around the western Pyrenees

The Kingdom of Navarre, originally the Kingdom of Pamplona, was a Basque kingdom that occupied lands on both sides of the western Pyrenees, alongside the Atlantic Ocean between present-day Spain and France.

<i>Fuero</i>

Fuero, Fur, Foro or Foru is a Spanish legal term and concept. The word comes from Latin forum, an open space used as a market, tribunal and meeting place. The same Latin root is the origin of the French terms for and foire, and the Portuguese terms foro and foral; all of these words have related, but somewhat different meanings.

Joan II of Navarre Queen of Navarre

Joan II was Queen of Navarre from 1328 until her death. She was the only surviving child of Louis X of France, King of France and Navarre, and Margaret of Burgundy. Joan's paternity was dubious because her mother was involved in a scandal, but Louis X declared her his legitimate daughter before he died in 1316. However, the French lords were opposed to the idea of a female monarch and elected Louis X's brother, Philip V, king. The Navarrese noblemen also paid homage to Philip. Joan's maternal grandmother, Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy, and uncle, Odo IV of Burgundy, made attempts to secure the counties of Champagne and Brie to Joan, but the French royal troops defeated her supporters. After Philip V married his daughter to Odo and granted him two counties as her dowry, Odo renounced Joan's claim to Champagne and Brie in exchange for a compensation in March 1318. Joan married Philip of Évreux, who was also a member of the French royal family.

Sancho VI of Navarre King of Navarre

Sancho Garcés VI, called the Wise was King of Navarre from 1150 until his death in 1194. He was the first monarch to officially drop the title of King of Pamplona in favour of King of Navarre, thus changing the designation of his kingdom. Sancho Garcés was responsible for bringing his kingdom into the political orbit of Europe. He was the eldest son of García Ramírez, the Restorer and Margaret of L'Aigle.

Philip III of Navarre King of Navarre (jure uxoris)

Philip III, called the Noble or the Wise, was King of Navarre from 1328 until his death. He was born a minor member of the French royal family but gained prominence when the Capetian main line went extinct, as he and his wife and cousin, Joan II of Navarre, acquired the Iberian kingdom and a number of French fiefs.

Blanche II, was the titular queen of Navarre between 1461 and 1464. She was the daughter of John II of Aragon and Blanche I of Navarre. She was also Princess of Asturias by marriage.

García Ramírez of Navarre King of Pamplona

García Ramírez, sometimes García IV, V, VI or VII, called the Restorer, was the King of Navarre (Pamplona) from 1134. The election of García Ramírez restored the independence of the Navarrese kingdom after 58 years of political union with the Kingdom of Aragon. After some initial conflict he would align himself with king Alfonso VII of León and Castile, and as his ally take part in the Reconquista.

Catherine, Queen of Navarre, reigned from 1483 until 1517. She was also Duchess of Gandia, Montblanc, and Peñafiel, Countess of Foix, Bigorre, and Ribagorza, and Viscountess of Béarn.

Spanish conquest of Iberian Navarre Invasion of the kingdom of Navarre by the kingdoms of Aragon and Castile (1512-29)

The Spanish conquest of the Iberian part of Navarre was initiated by Ferdinand II of Aragon and completed by his grandson and successor Charles V in a series of military campaigns lasting from 1512 to 1524. Ferdinand was both the king of Aragon and regent of Castile in 1512. When Pope Julius II declared a Holy League against France in late 1511, Navarre attempted to remain neutral. Ferdinand used this as an excuse to attack Navarre, conquering it while its potential protector, France, was beset by England, Venice, and Ferdinand's own Italian armies.

Ladrón Íñiguez, also known as Ladrón Navarro, was a leading nobleman of the Kingdom of Navarre during the reign of García Ramírez (1134–50), whose accession he was instrumental in bringing about. He is regularly titled count (comes), the highest rank in the kingdom, after 1135. He is recorded in contemporary documents with the title princeps Navarrorum. Between 1124 and his death he was the effective ruler of the Basque country (Euskadi).

Lordship of Biscay

The Lordship of Biscay was a region under feudal rule in the region of Biscay in the Iberian Peninsula between c.1040 and 1876, ruled by a political figure known as the Lord of Biscay. One of the Basque señoríos, it was a territory with its own political organization, with its own naval ensign, consulate in Bruges and customs offices in Balmaseda and Urduña, from the 11th Century until 1876, when the Juntas Generales were abolished. Since 1379, when John I of Castile became the Lord of Biscay, the lordship got integrated into the Crown of Castile, and eventually the Kingdom of Spain.

Navarro-Aragonese Romance language once spoken in a large part of the Ebro River basin, south of the middle Pyrenees, although it is only currently spoken in a small portion of its original territory

Navarro-Aragonese is a Romance language once spoken in a large part of the Ebro River basin, south of the middle Pyrenees, although it is only currently spoken in a small portion of its original territory. The areas where it was spoken might have included most of Aragón, southern Navarre, and La Rioja. It was also spoken across several towns of central Navarre in a multilingual environment with Occitan, where Basque was the native language.

Fortún Garcés Cajal

Fortún Garcés Cajal was a Navarro-Aragonese nobleman and statesman, perhaps "the greatest noble of Alfonso the Battler's reign". He was very wealthy in both land and money, and could raise two to three hundred knights for his retinue, funded both out of his treasury and enfeoffed on his lands.

Vela Ladrón Spanish nobleman of the 12th century.

Vela Ladrón or Latrónez was a Spanish nobleman who ruled the Basque counties of Álava, Biscay (Vizcaya) and Guipúzcoa. He succeeded his father as count of Álava in 1155 or 1156. He acquired Biscay around 1160 and Guipúzcoa around 1162. He was effectively an independent prince able to divide his allegiance between the kings of Castile and Navarre.

The Tribute of the Three Cows

The Tribute of the Three Cows is a yearly ceremony that gathers together the people of the neighbouring Pyrenean valleys of Barétous and of Roncal. The ceremony takes place every 13 July on the summit of the Col de la Pierre St Martin, by a stone called St Martin's stone which traditionally demarcates the border between Roncal and Barétous. In it, the people of Barétous hand over three cows to the people of Roncal, as a peace tribute that has been paid every year since at least 1375.

References

  1. "Fernando I de Navarra". Auñamendi Eusko Entziklopledia.
  2. Miranda, José María Yanguas y (1840). Diccionario de antigüedades del reino de Navarra (in Spanish). J. Goyeneche. p.  268.
  3. Unzué, José Luis Orella; Estévez, Xosé; Espinosa, José María Lorenzo (1995). Historia de Euskal Herria: Del hierro al roble (in Spanish). Txalaparta. ISBN   9788481369472.
  4. Fernández, Luis Suárez (1990). Los reyes católicos: el camino hacia Europa (in Spanish). Ediciones Rialp. ISBN   9788432125898.
  5. Muniáin, Pedro Esarte (2001-01-01). Navarra, 1512-1530: conquista, ocupación y sometimiento militar, civil y eclesiástico (in Spanish). Pamiela. ISBN   9788476813409.
  6. 1 2 3 Navarra (1752). Quaderno de las leyes, y agravios reparados a suplicacion de los tres Estados del Reyno de Navarra, en las Cortes de los años de 1724, 1725 y 1726 por la Mag. Real del Señor Rey don Luis II. de Navarra, y I. de Castilla: (que santa gloria aya) Y por su muerte se continuaron por la Mag. Real del Señor Rey Don Phelipe VII. de Navarra, y V. de Castilla, nuestro Señor. y en su nombre por el Exmo. Señor Fr. Don M Christoval de Moscoso...: con acuerdo de los del Consejo Real que con el assistieron dichos años de 1724, 25 y 26 en las Cortes Generales, que se han celebrado en la Ciudad de Estella (in Spanish). por Pedro Joseph Ezquerro.
  7. Navarra (1766). Quaderno de las leyes y agravios reparados a suplicacion de los tres estados del Reyno de Navarra en sus Cortes Generales celebradas en la ciudad de Pamplona los años 1765 y 1766 por la Magestad del Señor Rey don Carlos VI de Navarra y III de Castilla... (in Spanish). en la imprenta de don Pascual Ibañez.
  8. "Gran Enciclopedia de Navarra | CARLOS VI DE NAVARRA Y III DE CASTILLA". www.enciclopedianavarra.com. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  9. Navarra (1797). Quaderno de las leyes y agravios reparados a suplicacion de los tres estados del Reyno de Navarra en sus Cortes Generales celebradas en la ciudad de Pamplona los años 1794, 1795, 1796 y 1797 por la Magestad del Señor Rey don Carlos VII. de Navarra y IV. de Castilla, nuestro Señor (in Spanish). en la imprenta de don Miguel Coscuella.
  10. "Gran Enciclopedia de Navarra | CARLOS VII DE NAVARRA Y IV DE CASTILLA". www.enciclopedianavarra.com. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  11. Navarra (1819). Cuaderno de las leyes y agravios reparados a suplicación de los tres estados del Reino de Navarra. Imprenta de Longaslanguage=es.