List of Parliamentary constituencies in Tyne and Wear

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The ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear is divided into 12 Parliamentary constituencies. They are all Borough constituencies. As of the 2019 General Election, all are represented by the Labour Party (UK), the only county in the United Kingdom where this is the case.

Contents

Constituencies

   Conservative    Labour

Constituency [nb 1] Electorate [1] Majority [2] [nb 2] Member of Parliament [2] Nearest opposition [2] Map
Blaydon 67,8535,531  Liz Twist  Adrian Pepper
Blaydon2007Constituency.svg
Gateshead 64,4497,200  Ian Mearns  Jane MacBean
Gateshead2007Constituency.svg
Houghton and Sunderland South 68,8353,115  Bridget Phillipson  Christopher Howarth
HoughtonSunderlandSouth2007Constituency.svg
Jarrow 65,1037,120  Kate Osborne  Nick Oliver
Jarrow2007Constituency.svg
Newcastle upon Tyne Central 57,84512,278  Chinyelu Onwurah  Emily Payne
NewcastleUponTyneCentral2007Constituency.svg
Newcastle upon Tyne East 63,79615,463  Nick Brown  Robin Gwynn
NewcastleUponTyneEast2007Constituency.svg
Newcastle upon Tyne North 68,4865,765  Catherine McKinnell  Mark Lehain
NewcastleUponTyneNorth2007Constituency.svg
North Tyneside 78,9029,561  Mary Glindon  Dean Carroll
NorthTyneside2007Constituency.svg
South Shields 62,7939,585  Emma Lewell-Buck Oni Oviri
SouthShields2007Constituency.svg
Sunderland Central 72,6802,964  Julie Elliott  Tom D'Silva
SunderlandCentral2007Constituency.svg
Tynemouth 77,2614,857  Alan Campbell  Lewis Bartoli
Tynemouth2007Constituency.svg
Washington and Sunderland West 66,2783,723  Sharon Hodgson  Valerie Allen
WashingtonSunderlandWest2007Constituency.svg

Boundaries 1997 to 2010

NameCurrent boundaries
  1. Blaydon
  2. Gateshead East and Washington West
  3. Houghton and Washington East
  4. Jarrow
  5. Newcastle upon Tyne Central
  6. Newcastle upon Tyne East and Wallsend
  7. Newcastle upon Tyne North
  8. North Tyneside
  9. South Shields
  10. Sunderland North
  11. Sunderland South
  12. Tyne Bridge
  13. Tynemouth
Parliamentary constituencies in Tyne and Wear TyneWearParliamentaryConstituenciesNumbered.svg
Parliamentary constituencies in Tyne and Wear

Proposed boundary changes

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they didnot come into effect for the 2019 election which took place on 12 December 2019, and which was contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota.

On 24 March 2020, the Minister of State for the Cabinet Office, Chloe Smith, issued a written statement to Parliament setting out the Government's thinking with regard to parliamentary boundaries. [3] Subsequently, the Parliamentary Constituencies Act 2020 [4] was passed into law on 14 December 2020. This formally removed the duty to implement the 2018 review and set out the framework for future boundary reviews. The Act provided that the number of constituencies should remain at the current level of 650, rather than being reduced to 600, while retaining the requirement that the electorate should be no more than +/- 5% from the electoral quota.

The Act specified that the next review should be completed no later than 1 July 2023 and the Boundary Commission formally launched the 2023 Review on 5 January 2021. [5] See 2023 Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies for further details.

Results history

Primary data source: House of Commons research briefing - General election results from 1918 to 2019 [6]

2019

The number of votes cast for each political party who fielded candidates in constituencies comprising Tyne and Wear in the 2019 general election were as follows:

PartyVotes%Change from 2017SeatsChange from 2017
Labour 247,31747.8%Decrease2.svg13.0%120
Conservative 160,15530.9%Increase2.svg2.4%00
Brexit 47,1429.1%new00
Liberal Democrats 36,4177.0%Increase2.svg3.0%00
Greens 16,0103.1%Increase2.svg1.5%00
Others10,5042.0%Decrease2.svg3.0%00
Total517,545100.012

Percentage votes

Election year1983198719921997200120052010201520172019
Conservative 31.327.628.817.317.717.421.420.328.530.9
Labour 45.453.657.167.162.955.848.752.160.847.8
Liberal Democrat 123.318.613.711.816.623.221.75.54.07.0
Green Party -*****0.64.11.63.1
UKIP ---***1.817.34.7*
Brexit Party ---------9.1
Other0.10.30.43.82.83.65.80.70.32.0

11983 & 1987 - Alliance

* Included in Other

Seats

Election year1983198719921997200120052010201520172019
Conservative 2110000000
Labour 11121213131312121212
Total13131313131312121212

Maps

Historical representation by party

   Conservative    Independent    Labour

Constituency1983851987199219972001200520101320152017192019
Blaydon McWilliam Anderson Twist
Gateshead East / Gd E & Washington W (1997) / Wn & Sunderland W (2010) Conlan Quin Hodgson
Houghton and Washington / Hn & Wn E (1997) / Hn & Sunderland S (2010) Boyes Kemp Phillipson
Jarrow Dixon Hepburn Osborne
Newcastle upon Tyne Central Merchant Cousins Onwurah
Newcastle upon Tyne East (1983-1997, 2010-) / & Wallsend (1997-2010) N. Brown
Newcastle upon Tyne North R. Brown Henderson McKinnell
Wallsend / North Tyneside (1997) Garrett Byers Glindon
South Shields Clark Miliband Lewell-Buck
Sunderland North / Sunderland Central (2010) Clay Etherington Elliott
Tyne Bridge / Gateshead (2010) Cowans Clelland Mearns
Tynemouth Trotter Campbell
Sunderland South Bagier Mullin

See also

Notes

  1. BC denotes borough constituency, CC denotes county constituency.
  2. The majority is the number of votes the winning candidate receives more than their nearest rival.

Related Research Articles

The ceremonial county of Shropshire, England is divided into 5 Parliamentary constituencies – 1 Borough constituency and 4 County constituencies. As with all constituencies for the House of Commons in the modern age, each constituency elects one Member of Parliament by the First Past The Post system.

References

  1. Baker, Carl; Uberoi, Elise; Cracknell, Richard (2020-01-28). "General Election 2019: full results and analysis".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. 1 2 3 "Constituencies A-Z - Election 2019". BBC News. Retrieved 2020-04-23.
  3. "Update: Strengthening Democracy:Written statement - HCWS183". UK Parliament. Retrieved 2020-04-20.
  4. "Parliamentary Constituencies Act 2020".
  5. "2023 Review launched | Boundary Commission for England" . Retrieved 2021-01-08.
  6. Watson, Christopher; Uberoi, Elise; Loft, Philip (2020-04-17). "General election results from 1918 to 2019".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)