The ceremonial county of Tyne and Wear is divided into 12 Parliamentary constituencies. They are all Borough constituencies. As of the 2019 General Election, all are represented by the Labour Party (UK), the only county in the United Kingdom where this is the case.
|Constituency||Electorate||Majority||Member of Parliament||Nearest opposition||Map|
|Blaydon||67,853||5,531||Liz Twist||Adrian Pepper|
|Gateshead||64,449||7,200||Ian Mearns||Jane MacBean|
|Houghton and Sunderland South||68,835||3,115||Bridget Phillipson||Christopher Howarth|
|Jarrow||65,103||7,120||Kate Osborne||Nick Oliver|
|Newcastle upon Tyne Central||57,845||12,278||Chinyelu Onwurah||Emily Payne|
|Newcastle upon Tyne East||63,796||15,463||Nick Brown||Robin Gwynn|
|Newcastle upon Tyne North||68,486||5,765||Catherine McKinnell||Mark Lehain|
|North Tyneside||78,902||9,561||Mary Glindon||Dean Carroll|
|South Shields||62,793||9,585||Emma Lewell-Buck||Oni Oviri|
|Sunderland Central||72,680||2,964||Julie Elliott||Tom D'Silva|
|Tynemouth||77,261||4,857||Alan Campbell||Lewis Bartoli|
|Washington and Sunderland West||66,278||3,723||Sharon Hodgson||Valerie Allen|
The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they didnot come into effect for the 2019 election which took place on 12 December 2019, and which was contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.
Under the terms of the Parliamentary Voting System and Constituencies Act 2011, the Sixth Review was based on reducing the total number of MPs from 650 to 600 and a strict electoral parity requirement that the electorate of all constituencies should be within a range of 5% either side of the electoral quota.
On 24 March 2020, the Minister of State for the Cabinet Office, Chloe Smith, issued a written statement to Parliament setting out the Government's thinking with regard to parliamentary boundaries.Subsequently, the Parliamentary Constituencies Act 2020 was passed into law on 14 December 2020. This formally removed the duty to implement the 2018 review and set out the framework for future boundary reviews. The Act provided that the number of constituencies should remain at the current level of 650, rather than being reduced to 600, while retaining the requirement that the electorate should be no more than +/- 5% from the electoral quota.
The Act specified that the next review should be completed no later than 1 July 2023 and the Boundary Commission formally launched the 2023 Review on 5 January 2021.See 2023 Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies for further details.
Primary data source: House of Commons research briefing - General election results from 1918 to 2019
The number of votes cast for each political party who fielded candidates in constituencies comprising Tyne and Wear in the 2019 general election were as follows:
|Party||Votes||%||Change from 2017||Seats||Change from 2017|
|Liberal Democrat 1||23.3||18.6||13.7||11.8||16.6||23.2||21.7||5.5||4.0||7.0|
11983 & 1987 - Alliance
* Included in Other
Conservative Independent Labour
|Gateshead East / Gd E & Washington W (1997) / Wn & Sunderland W (2010)||Conlan||Quin||Hodgson|
|Houghton and Washington / Hn & Wn E (1997) / Hn & Sunderland S (2010)||Boyes||Kemp||Phillipson|
|Newcastle upon Tyne Central||Merchant||Cousins||Onwurah|
|Newcastle upon Tyne East (1983-1997, 2010-) / & Wallsend (1997-2010)||N. Brown|
|Newcastle upon Tyne North||R. Brown||Henderson||McKinnell|
|Wallsend / North Tyneside (1997)||Garrett||Byers||Glindon|
|Sunderland North / Sunderland Central (2010)||Clay||Etherington||Elliott|
|Tyne Bridge / Gateshead (2010)||Cowans||Clelland||Mearns|
The ceremonial county of Shropshire, England is divided into 5 Parliamentary constituencies – 1 Borough constituency and 4 County constituencies. As with all constituencies for the House of Commons in the modern age, each constituency elects one Member of Parliament by the First Past The Post system.