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politics and government of
The Speaker of the Parliament of Nauru is the presiding officer of that legislature in the Republic of Nauru. The Speaker is elected by the members in the Parliament of Nauru.
The speaker of a deliberative assembly, especially a legislative body, is its presiding officer, or the chair. The title was first used in 1377 in England.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.
Nauru, officially the Republic of Nauru and formerly known as Pleasant Island, is an island country in Micronesia, a subregion of Oceania, in the Central Pacific. Its nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in Kiribati, 300 kilometres (190 mi) to the east. It further lies northwest of Tuvalu, north of the Solomon Islands, east-northeast of Papua New Guinea, southeast of the Federated States of Micronesia and south of the Marshall Islands. With only a 21-square-kilometre (8.1 sq mi) area, Nauru is the third-smallest state on the list of countries and dependencies by area behind Vatican City and Monaco, making it the smallest state in the South Pacific Ocean, the smallest island state, and the smallest republic. Its population is 11,347, making it the third smallest on the list of countries and dependencies by population, after the Vatican and Tuvalu.
A list of the office holders follows.
|Itubwa Amram||1968 – Jan 1971|
|Kenas Aroi||Jan 1971 - April 1977|
|David Peter Gadaroa||April 1977 - Aug 1981|
|Ruben Kun||Aug 1981 - Dec 1986|
|Pres Nimes Ekwona||Dec 1986 - Jan 1987 - 1988|
|Derog Gioura||? - June 1988 - Sep 1992 - ?|
|Paul D. Jeremiah||? - May 1993 - Nov 1995|
|Maein Deireragea||Nov 1995 - Feb 1997|
|Kennan Adeang||Feb 1997 - Dec 1998|
|Ludwig Keke||Dec 1998 - May 2000|
|Ludwig Scotty||May 2000 - May 2003|
|Godfrey Thoma||May 6, 2003 – May 7, 2003|
|Fabian Ribauw||May 29, 2003 – 2003|
|Vassal Gadoengin||October 2004 – December 15, 2004|
|Valdon Dowiyogo||December 27, 2004 – December 2007|
|Riddell Akua||December 2007 – March 18, 2008||resigned|
|David Adeang||March 20, 2008 – 2008||removed from office|
|Riddell Akua||April 29, 2008 – 2010||resigned|
|Godfrey Thoma||May 13, 2010 – May 18, 2010||resigned|
|Dominic Tabuna||June 1, 2010 – June 4, 2010||resigned|
|Aloysius Amwano||July 2, 2010 – 2010||removed from office|
|Landon Deireragea||July 9, 2010 – November 1, 2010||acting|
|Ludwig Scotty||November 1, 2010 – April 18, 2013||resigned|
|Landon Deireragea||April 18, 2013 – April 25, 2013||acting|
|Godfrey Thoma||April 25, 2013 – June 11, 2013||lost seat after 2013 elections.|
|Ludwig Scotty||June 11, 2013 – July 2016||lost seat after 2016 elections.|
|Cyril Buraman||July 13, 2016 – Incumbent|
Politics of Nauru takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Nauru is the head of government of the executive branch. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Bernard Annen Auwen Dowiyogo was a Nauruan politician who served as President of Nauru on seven separate occasions. During this time, he also served as a Member of Parliament for the constituency of Ubenide.
Ludwig Derangadage Scotty is a Nauruan politician who twice served as President of Nauru and has been Speaker of Parliament since 2013. He served as President from 29 May 2003 to 8 August 2003 and again from 22 June 2004 until his ousting in a vote of no confidence on 19 December 2007. He served as Speaker from 2000 until his election as President in 2003, again from November 2010 to April 2013, and from June 2013 to June 2016.
René Reynaldo Harris was President of the Republic of Nauru four times between 1999 and 2004. He was a Member of Parliament from 1977 to 2008.
David Waiau Adeang is a Nauruan politician, a former Speaker of the Parliament of Nauru, and Nauru's Minister for Finance and Justice, in addition he is the Minister Assisting the President of Nauru. He is a founding member of the Naoero Amo, currently the only successful political party on the island.
Nauru elects on a national level a head of state and a legislature. Parliament has 19 members, elected for a three-year term in multi-seat constituencies. The president is elected for a three-year term by the parliament.
Marcus Stephen is a Nauruan politician and former sportsperson who previously was a member of the Cabinet of Nauru, and who served as President of Nauru from December 2007 to November 2011. The son of Nauruan parliamentarian Lawrence Stephen, Stephen was educated at St Bedes College and RMIT University in Victoria, Australia. Initially playing Australian rules football, he opted to pursue the sport of weightlifting, in which he represented Nauru at the Summer Olympics and Commonwealth Games between 1990 and 2002, winning seven Commonwealth gold medals.
The Parliament of Nauru has 19 members, elected for a three-year term in multi-seat constituencies. The President of Nauru is elected by the members of the Parliament. The number of seats was increased to 19 following elections in 2013.
Michael Riddell Akua is a political figure from the Pacific nation of the Republic of Nauru.
Valdon Kape Dowiyogo was a political figure and cabinet minister from the Pacific nation of the Republic of Nauru.
Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on April 26, 2008, following the dissolving of Parliament by President Marcus Stephen on April 18. The decision came after what Stephen referred to as "months of political deadlock". Of the parliament's eighteen members, nine supported the Stephen government and nine were in opposition.
Baron Divavesi Waqa is a Nauruan politician who has been 14th President of Nauru since 11 June 2013. He previously served as Minister of Adult Education from 2004 to 2007.
Godfrey Awaire Thoma is a Nauruan politician.
Shadlog Armait Bernicke is a Nauruan politician.
Aloysius Arabao Iyomogo Edrick Amwano is a Nauruan politician.
Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 24 April 2010, following the dissolution of parliament by President Marcus Stephen on 16 March 2010. The election was called due to repeated attempts to oust the government of Marcus Stephen in votes of no-confidence. There were 86 candidates, eight of them women. Nauru uses a modified Borda count electoral system in eight multi-member districts.
The 2003 Nauruan parliamentary election took place on 3 May 2003 in Nauru to elect members of the Parliament of Nauru. The election took place with Nauru having economic difficulties and a large budget deficit. This was the main issue in the election, which followed a period where a number of presidents had been elected for short periods of time. However the election resulted in deadlock for several weeks afterwards, with parliament divided between three candidates for president. It was only at the end of May that Ludwig Scotty was elected as the new president of Nauru and was able to form a new government.
Early parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 19 June 2010 after the previous parliamentary election in April 2010 had resulted in a deadlock between government and opposition, tied at nine seats each. This led to an extended state of emergency in Nauru as a result of this election.
Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 8 June 2013. After Parliament was dissolved on 1 March, the elections were set for 6 April. However, a Supreme Court ruling annulled the dissolution and cancelled the elections. Parliament was dissolved again on 23 May, approximately one month before the normal end of its mandate, and elections were set for 22 June 2013, however President Sprent Dabwido declared a state of emergency and brought the election forward to 8 June. Parliament first sat on June 11 and Fisheries Minister Baron Waqa, the leader of the government forces, was elected president.
Parliamentary elections were held in Nauru on 9 July 2016. On 10 June 2016, the Parliament was dissolved by President Baron Waqa after it completed its three-year term. Speaker Ludwig Scotty called the elections for 9 July, with nominations taking place between 19 and 25 June 2016.