The following is a list of current governors of U.S. states and territories.
In the United States, a governor serves as the chief executive officer and commander-in-chief in each of the fifty states and in the five permanently inhabited territories, functioning as both head of state and head of government therein. As such, governors are responsible for implementing state laws and overseeing the operation of the state executive branch. As state leaders, governors advance and pursue new and revised policies and programs using a variety of tools, among them executive orders, executive budgets, and legislative proposals and vetoes. Governors carry out their management and leadership responsibilities and objectives with the support and assistance of department and agency heads, many of whom they are empowered to appoint. A majority of governors have the authority to appoint state court judges as well, in most cases from a list of names submitted by a nominations committee.
In the United States, a governor is the chief executive officer of a state or a territory. As of November 2019, 27 states have Republican governors and 23 states have Democratic governors. Additionally, three U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands) have Democratic governors, while one (the Northern Mariana Islands) has a Republican governor. Wanda Vázquez Garced of Puerto Rico is registered with the New Progressive Party, but is affiliated with the Republican Party.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its main rival, the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.
American Samoa is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the South Pacific Ocean, southeast of Samoa. Its location is centered on 14.2710° S, 170.1322° W. It is east of the International Date Line, while Samoa is west of the Line.
The current term ends in January of the given year for every state except for Alaska, Hawaii, North Dakota, New York and Kentucky, where the term ends in December of that year's election. The notation "(term limits)" after the year indicates that the current governor is ineligible to seek re-election in that year; the notation "(retiring)" indicates that the current governor has announced his or her intention not to seek re-election at the end of the term nor to run for another office.
A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office. When term limits are found in presidential and semi-presidential systems they act as a method of curbing the potential for monopoly, where a leader effectively becomes "president for life". This is intended to protect a democracy from becoming a de facto dictatorship. Sometimes, there is an absolute or lifetime limit on the number of terms an officeholder may serve; sometimes, the restrictions are merely on the number of consecutive terms he or she may serve.
|State||Portrait||Governor||Party||Born||Prior public experience||Inauguration||End of term||Past governors|
|Republican||October 15, 1944||Lieutenant Governor, Treasurer||April 10, 2017||2023||List|
|Republican||May 5, 1961||Alaska Senate||December 3, 2018||2022||List|
|Republican||April 9, 1964||Treasurer||January 5, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Republican||December 3, 1950|| Under Secretary of Homeland Security for Border & Transportation Security,|
Administrator of the Drug Enforcement Administration, U.S. House, U.S. Attorney
|January 13, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Gavin Newsom||Democratic||October 10, 1967||Lieutenant Governor, Mayor of San Francisco||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
|Jared Polis||Democratic||May 12, 1975||U.S. House, Colorado State Board of Education||January 8, 2019||2023||List|
|Democratic||January 3, 1954||Greenwich Selectman||January 9, 2019||2023||List|
|Democratic||May 20, 1956||U.S. House, Lieutenant Governor of Delaware||January 17, 2017||2021||List|
|Republican||September 14, 1978||U.S. House||January 8, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||November 2, 1963||Secretary of State, Georgia Senate||January 14, 2019||2023||List|
|Democratic||January 15, 1957||Hawaii Senate, Hawaii House||December 1, 2014||2022 (term limits)||List|
|Republican||February 15, 1954||Lieutenant Governor, Idaho Senate||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
|Democratic||January 19, 1965||No prior public experience||January 14, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||May 2, 1968||Lieutenant Governor, Chief of Staff to Senator Dan Coats, Chair of the Indiana Republican Party, Deputy Chief of Staff to the Governor of Indiana||January 9, 2017||2021||List|
|Republican||August 4, 1959||Lieutenant Governor, Iowa Senate||May 24, 2017||2023||List|
|Democratic||January 24, 1950||Kansas Senate||January 14, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||January 9, 1967||No prior public experience||December 8, 2015||2019||List|
|Democratic||September 16, 1966||Minority Leader of the Louisiana House of Representatives||January 11, 2016||2024 (term limits)||List|
|Democratic||December 30, 1947||Maine Attorney General, Maine House||January 2, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||May 25, 1956||Maryland Secretary of Appointments||January 21, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Republican||November 13, 1956|| Swampscott Selectman, Massachusetts Secretary of Administration and Finance,|
Massachusetts Secretary of Health and Human Services
|January 8, 2015||2023||List|
|Gretchen Whitmer||Democratic||August 23, 1971||Michigan Senate, Michigan House||January 1, 2019||2023||List|
|Democratic–Farmer–Labor||April 6, 1964||U.S. House||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||December 9, 1954||Lieutenant Governor, Auditor, Mississippi House||January 10, 2012||2020 (term limits)||List|
|Republican||September 17, 1955||Lieutenant Governor, Missouri Senate, Missouri House of Representatives, Sheriff of Polk County||June 1, 2018||2021||List|
|Democratic||April 11, 1966||Attorney General||January 7, 2013||2021 (term limits)||List|
|Republican||April 19, 1964||No prior public experience||January 8, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Steve Sisolak||Democratic||December 26, 1953||Clark County Commission, Nevada Board of Regents||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||November 5, 1974||New Hampshire Executive Council||January 5, 2017||2021||List|
|Democratic||August 16, 1957||United States Ambassador, Finance Chair of the Democratic National Committee||January 16, 2018||2022||List|
|Michelle Lujan Grisham||Democratic||October 24, 1959||U.S. House, Secretary of Health of New Mexico||January 1, 2019||2023||List|
|Democratic||December 6, 1957||Attorney General, U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development||January 1, 2011||2022||List|
|Democratic||June 13, 1957||Attorney General, North Carolina Senate, North Carolina House||January 1, 2017||2021||List|
|Republican||August 1, 1956||No prior public experience||December 15, 2016||2020||List|
|Republican||January 5, 1947||Attorney General, United States Senate, Lieutenant Governor, United States House of Representatives, Ohio Senate||January 14, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||December 28, 1972||No prior public experience||January 14, 2019||2023||List|
|Democratic||June 21, 1960||Secretary of State, Oregon Senate, Oregon House||February 18, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Democratic||November 17, 1948||Pennsylvania Secretary of Revenue||January 20, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Democratic||May 17, 1971||General Treasurer||January 6, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Republican||May 27, 1947||Lieutenant Governor, Attorney General, Chair of the South Carolina Republican Party, U.S. Attorney||January 24, 2017||2023||List|
|Kristi Noem||Republican||November 30, 1971||U.S. House, South Dakota House||January 5, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||October 9, 1959||No prior public experience||January 19, 2019||2023||List|
|Republican||November 13, 1957||Attorney General, Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court||January 20, 2015||2023||List|
|Republican||May 7, 1947||Lieutenant Governor, Utah County Commissioner||August 11, 2009||2021 (retiring)||List|
|Republican||August 4, 1958||Lieutenant Governor, Vermont Senate||January 5, 2017||2021||List|
|Democratic||September 13, 1959||Lieutenant Governor, Virginia Senate||January 13, 2018||2022 (term limits)||List|
|Democratic||February 9, 1951||U.S. House, Washington House||January 16, 2013||2021||List|
|Republican||April 27, 1951||No prior public experience||January 16, 2017||2021||List|
|Democratic||November 5, 1951||Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
|Mark Gordon||Republican||March 4, 1957||Treasurer||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
The following hold the gubernatorial offices of the United States territories.
Territories of the United States are sub-national administrative divisions overseen by the United States government. The various U.S. territories differ from the U.S. states and Native American tribes in that they are not sovereign entities. They are classified by incorporation and whether they have an "organized" government through an organic act passed by Congress. All U.S. territories are part of the United States, but the unincorporated territories are not considered to be integral parts of the United States, and the U.S. constitution applies only partially in those territories.
|Territory||Portrait||Governor||Party||Born||Prior public experience||Inauguration||End of term||Past Governors|
|Lolo Matalasi Moliga||Democratic||August 12, 1947||American Samoa Senate, American Samoa House of Representatives||January 3, 2013||2021 (term limits)||List|
|Lou Leon Guerrero||Democratic||November 8, 1950||Senator of the Guam Legislature||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
|Ralph Torres||Republican||August 6, 1979||Lieutenant Governor, Northern Mariana Islands Legislature||December 29, 2015||2023 (term limits)||List|
|Wanda Vázquez Garced||New Progressive||July 9, 1960||Secretary of Justice of Puerto Rico||August 7, 2019||2021||List|
|Albert Bryan||Democratic||February 21, 1968||Commissioner of V.I. Department of Labor||January 7, 2019||2023||List|
|Federal district||Portrait||Mayor||Party||Born||Prior public experience||Inauguration||End of term||Past Mayors|
|Muriel Bowser||Democratic||August 2, 1972||Council of the District of Columbia||January 2, 2015||2023||List|
The following is a list of governors elected on November 5, 2019 and who will be taking office in either December 2019 or January 2020. The list does not include re-elected incumbent governors.
|State||Portrait||Governor-elect||Party||Born||Prior public experience||Taking office|
|Andy Beshear||Democratic||November 29, 1977||Attorney General||December 10, 2019|
|Tate Reeves||Republican||June 5, 1974||Lieutenant Governor, Treasurer||January 14, 2020|
Seals of governors of the U.S. states are the primary symbols of the executive office of the governor in several states of the United States, similar in concept to the Seal of the President of the United States and Seal of the Vice President of the United States. Governors of some states, such as Washington and Oregon, simply use the state seal in their role as chief executive.
Sixteen U.S. states have personal flags for their governors, as does the commonwealth of Puerto Rico. These flags are analogous to the standards of the President and Vice President of the United States. Most of their designs are based upon either the state flag or state seal/coat of arms.
The National Governors Association (NGA) is an American political organization founded in 1908. The association’s members are the governors of the 55 states, territories and commonwealths. Members come to the association from across the political spectrum, but NGA itself is nonpartisan.
The 1978 United States Senate elections in the middle of Democratic President Jimmy Carter's term. Thirteen seats changed hands between parties. The Democrats at first lost a net of two seats to the Republicans, and then one more in a special election. Democrats nevertheless retained a 58-41 majority.
The 1964 United States Senate elections coincided with the election of President Lyndon B. Johnson by an overwhelming majority, to a full term. His Democratic Party picked up a net two seats from the Republicans. As of 2019, this is the last time either party has had a two-thirds majority in the Senate, which would have hypothetically allowed the Senate Democrats to override a veto, convict and expel certain officials, or invoke cloture without any votes from Republicans. The Senate election coincided with Democratic gains in the House in the same year.
The 1956 United States Senate elections were elections for the United States Senate that coincided with the re-election of President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Although Democrats gained two seats in regular elections, the Republicans gained back two seats in special elections, leaving the party balance of the chamber remained unchanged.
United States gubernatorial elections were held Tuesday, November 4, 2008 in 11 states and two territories. Prior to the election, eight of the total seats were held by Democrats and five by Republicans. Two governors were prohibited by term limits from seeking re-election in 2008.
United States gubernatorial elections were held on November 8, 1994 in 36 states and two territories. Many seats held by Democratic governors switched to the Republicans during the time known as the Republican Revolution.
The 2008 United States elections were held on November 4. Democratic Senator Barack Obama of Illinois won the presidential election, and Democrats bolstered their majority in both houses of Congress.
Elections in New Jersey are authorized under Article II of the New Jersey State Constitution, which establishes elections for the governor, the lieutenant governor, and members of the New Jersey Legislature. Elections are regulated under state law, Title 19. The office of the New Jersey Secretary of State has a Division of Elections that oversees the execution of elections under state law. In addition, the New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission (ELEC) is responsible for administering campaign financing and lobbying disclosure.
The 2010 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 2, 2010, in the middle of Democratic President Barack Obama's first term. Republicans ended unified Democratic control of Congress and the presidency by winning a majority in the House of Representatives.
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Colorado:
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Louisiana:
The 2012 United States elections took place on November 6, 2012. Democratic President Barack Obama won election to a second term, though the Republican Party retained control of the House of Representatives.
United States gubernatorial elections were held in 12 states and two territories. Of the eight Democratic and four Republican seats contested, only that of North Carolina changed party hands, giving the Republicans a net gain of one governorship. These elections coincided with the presidential election on November 6, 2012.
The 1996 United States elections were held on November 5. Democratic President Bill Clinton won re-election, while the Republicans maintained their majorities in both houses of the United States Congress.
Elections in Alabama are authorized under the Alabama State Constitution, which establishes elections for the state level officers, cabinet, and legislature, and the election of county-level officers, including members of school boards.
United States gubernatorial elections were held on November 8, 2016 in 12 states and two territories. The last regular gubernatorial elections for nine of the 12 states took place in 2012. The last gubernatorial elections for New Hampshire, Oregon, and Vermont took place in 2014, as Oregon held a special election due to the resignation of governor John Kitzhaber, while the governors of New Hampshire and Vermont both serve two-year terms. The 2016 gubernatorial elections took place concurrently with several other federal, state, and local elections, including the presidential election, Senate, and House elections.
The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. Republican businessman Donald Trump defeated Democratic former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the presidential election, while Republicans retained control of Congress.
The 2020 United States elections will be held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. All 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, 35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate, and the office of president of the United States will be contested. Thirteen state and territorial governorships, as well as numerous other state and local elections, will also be contested.
United States gubernatorial elections will be held on November 3, 2020, in 11 states and two territories. In addition, special elections may take place if other gubernatorial seats are vacated. The last regular gubernatorial elections for nine of the eleven states took place in 2016. The last gubernatorial elections for New Hampshire and Vermont took place in 2018, as the governors of both states serve two-year terms. All state governors will be eligible for reelection except for Steve Bullock of Montana, although other governors may choose to retire. The 2020 gubernatorial elections will take place concurrently with several other federal, state, and local elections, including the presidential election.
The 1997 United States elections were off-year elections were held on Tuesday, November 4, 1997, comprising 2 gubernatorial races, 3 congressional special elections, and a plethora of other local elections across the United States. No Senate special elections were held.