List of Vice Presidents of the United States

Last updated

There have been 48 Vice Presidents of the United States since the office came into existence in 1789. Originally, the Vice President was the person who received the second most votes for President in the Electoral College. However, in the election of 1800 a tie in the electoral college between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr led to the selection of the President by the House of Representatives. To prevent such an event from happening again, the Twelfth Amendment was added to the Constitution, creating the current system where electors cast a separate ballot for the vice presidency. [1]

Vice President of the United States Second highest executive office in United States

The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest officer in the executive branch of the U.S. federal government, after the President of the United States, and ranks first in the presidential line of succession. The Vice President is also an officer in the legislative branch, as President of the Senate. In this capacity, the Vice President presides over Senate deliberations, but may not vote except to cast a tie-breaking vote. The Vice President also presides over joint sessions of Congress.

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Thomas Jefferson 3rd president of the United States

Thomas Jefferson was an American statesman, diplomat, lawyer, architect, and Founding Father who served as the third president of the United States from 1801 to 1809. Previously, he had served as the second vice president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. The principal author of the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson was a proponent of democracy, republicanism, and individual rights motivating American colonists to break from the Kingdom of Great Britain and form a new nation; he produced formative documents and decisions at both the state and national level.

Contents

The Vice President is the first person in the presidential line of succession and assumes that presidency if the President dies, resigns, or is impeached and removed from office. [2] Nine Vice Presidents have ascended to the presidency in this way: eight (John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester A. Arthur, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S. Truman and Lyndon B. Johnson) through the president's death and one (Gerald Ford) through the president's resignation. In addition, the Vice President serves as the President of the Senate and may choose to cast a tie-breaking vote on decisions made by the Senate. Vice Presidents have exercised this latter power to varying extents over the years. [1]

United States presidential line of succession order by which officers of the U.S. federal government fill the vacant office of president of the US

The United States presidential line of succession is the order in which officials of the United States federal government discharge the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States if the incumbent president becomes incapacitated, dies, resigns, or is removed from office. Presidential succession is referred to multiple times in the U.S. Constitution – Article II, Section 1, Clause 6, as well as the 12th Amendment, 20th Amendment, and 25th Amendment. The Article II succession clause authorizes Congress to provide for a line of succession beyond the vice president, which it has done on three occasions. The current Presidential Succession Act was adopted in 1947, and last revised in 2006.

John Tyler 10th president of the United States

John Tyler was the tenth president of the United States from 1841 to 1845 after briefly serving as the tenth vice president (1841); he was elected to the latter office on the 1840 Whig ticket with President William Henry Harrison. Tyler ascended to the presidency after Harrison's death in April 1841, only a month after the start of the new administration. He was a stalwart supporter of states' rights, and as president he adopted nationalist policies only when they did not infringe on the powers of the states. His unexpected rise to the presidency, with the resulting threat to the presidential ambitions of Henry Clay and other politicians, left him estranged from both major political parties.

Millard Fillmore 13th president of the United States

Millard Fillmore was the 13th president of the United States (1850–1853), and the last to be a member of the Whig Party while in the White House. A former U.S. Representative from New York, Fillmore was elected the nation's 12th vice president in 1848, and succeeded to the presidency in July 1850 upon the death of President Zachary Taylor. He was instrumental in getting the Compromise of 1850 passed, a bargain that led to a brief truce in the battle over slavery. He failed to win the Whig nomination for president in 1852; he gained the endorsement of the nativist Know Nothing Party four years later, and finished third in that election.

Prior to adoption of the Twenty-fifth Amendment in 1967, an intra-term vacancy in the office of the Vice President could not be filled until the next post-election inauguration. Several such vacancies occurred—seven Vice Presidents died, one resigned and eight succeeded to the presidency. This amendment allowed for a vacancy to be filled through appointment by the President and confirmation by both chambers of the Congress. Since its ratification, the vice presidency has been vacant twice (both in the context of scandals surrounding the Nixon administration) and was filled both times through this process, namely in 1973 following Spiro Agnew's resignation, and again in 1974 after Gerald Ford succeeded to the presidency. [1] The amendment also established a procedure whereby a Vice President may, if the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of the office, temporarily assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President. George H. W. Bush did so once on July 13, 1985. Dick Cheney did so twice on June 29, 2002 and on July 21, 2007.

Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution Amendment to the U. S. Constitution dealing with issues related to presidential succession and disability

The Twenty-fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution deals with issues related to presidential succession and disability. It clarifies that the Vice President becomes President if the president dies, resigns, or is removed from office; and establishes procedures for filling a vacancy in the office of the vice president and for responding to presidential disabilities. The Twenty-fifth Amendment was submitted to the states on July 6, 1965, by the 89th Congress and was adopted on February 10, 1967.

United States Congress Legislature of the United States

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal Government of the United States. The legislature consists of two chambers: the House of Representatives and the Senate.

An Acting President of the United States is an individual who legitimately exercises the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States even though that person does not hold the office in their own right. There is an established order in which officials of the United States federal government may be called upon to take on presidential responsibilities if the incumbent president becomes incapacitated, dies, resigns, is removed from office during their four-year term of office; or if a president-elect has not been chosen before Inauguration Day or has failed to qualify by that date.

The persons who have served as Vice President were born in or primarily affiliated with 27 states plus the District of Columbia. New York has produced the most of any state as eight have been born there and three others considered it their home state. Most Vice Presidents have been in their 50s or 60s and had political experience prior to assuming the office. [1] The youngest person to become Vice President was John C. Breckinridge at 36 years of age while the oldest was Alben W. Barkley at 71 years of age. Two Vice Presidents—George Clinton and John C. Calhoun—served under more than one President.

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State.

John C. Breckinridge Confederate Army general and Vice President of the United States

John Cabell Breckinridge was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier. He represented Kentucky in both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever vice president of the United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. He was a member of the Democratic party. He served in the U.S. Senate during the outbreak of the American Civil War, but was expelled after joining the Confederate Army. He was appointed Confederate secretary of war in 1865.

Alben W. Barkley Vice President of the United States

Alben William Barkley was an American lawyer and politician from Kentucky who served in both houses of Congress and as the 35th vice president of the United States from 1949 to 1953. In 1905, he was elected county attorney for McCracken County, Kentucky. He was chosen County Judge/Executive in 1909 and U.S. representative from Kentucky's First District in 1912. As a Representative, he was a liberal Democrat, supporting President Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom domestic agenda and foreign policy.

There are currently five living former vice presidents. The most recent former vice president to die was George H. W. Bush on November 30, 2018.

This article shows the variation in the number of living vice presidents of the United States from the inauguration of the first vice president of the United States in 1789 until the present. The following table includes all persons who have taken the vice presidential oath of office. Currently, in addition to the incumbent, Mike Pence, there are five living former vice presidents: Walter Mondale (1977–1981), Dan Quayle (1989–1993), Al Gore (1993–2001), Dick Cheney (2001–2009), and Joe Biden (2009–2017).

George H. W. Bush 41st president of the United States

George Herbert Walker Bush was an American politician who served as the 41st president of the United States from 1989 to 1993 and the 43rd vice president of the United States from 1981 to 1989. A member of the Republican Party, he held posts that included those of congressman, ambassador, and CIA director. Until his son George W. Bush became the 43rd president in 2001, he was usually known simply as George Bush.

List

   Pro-Administration (1)     Federalist (1)     Democratic-Republican (6)     Nullifier (1)     Democratic (17)     Whig (2)     Republican (21)     National Union (1)
Vice presidencyVice President [lower-alpha 1] Prior office [lower-alpha 2] PartyElectionPresident
1April 21, 1789 [lower-alpha 3]

March 4, 1797
Official Presidential portrait of John Adams (by John Trumbull, circa 1792).jpg John Adams
1735–1826
(Lived 90 years)
[3] [4] [5]
Minister to the Court of St. James's
(1785–1788)
  Pro-Administration [lower-alpha 4] 1788–89 George Washington [lower-alpha 5]
Federalist 1792
2March 4, 1797

March 4, 1801
Thomas Jefferson by Rembrandt Peale, 1800.jpg Thomas Jefferson
1743–1826
(Lived 83 years)
[6] [7] [8]
1st Secretary of State
(1790–1793)
Democratic-Republican 1796 John Adams [lower-alpha 6]
3March 4, 1801

March 4, 1805
Vanderlyn Burr.jpg Aaron Burr
1756–1836
(Lived 80 years)
[9]
Member of the New York State Assembly
(1784–1785 and 1798–1799)
Democratic-Republican 1800 Thomas Jefferson
4March 4, 1805

April 20, 1812
(Died in office)
George Clinton by Ezra Ames.jpg George Clinton
1739–1812
(Lived 72 years)
[10]
1st Governor of New York
(1777–1795 and 1801–1804)
Democratic-Republican 1804
1808 James Madison
Office vacant April 20, 1812 – March 4, 1813 [lower-alpha 7]
5March 4, 1813

November 23, 1814
(Died in office)
Elbridge-gerry-painting.jpg Elbridge Gerry
1744–1814
(Lived 70 years)
[11]
9th Governor of Massachusetts
(1810–1812)
Democratic-Republican 1812
Office vacant November 23, 1814 – March 4, 1817 [lower-alpha 7]
6March 4, 1817

March 4, 1825
Daniel D Tompins by John Wesley Jarvis.jpg Daniel D. Tompkins
1774–1825
(Lived 50 years)
[12]
4th Governor of New York
(1807–1817)
Democratic-Republican 1816 James Monroe
1820
7March 4, 1825

December 28, 1832
(Resigned from office)
George Peter Alexander Healy - John C. Calhoun - Google Art Project.jpg John C. Calhoun
1782–1850
(Lived 68 years)
[13]
10th Secretary of War
(1817–1825)
Democratic-Republican 1824 John Q. Adams
Nullifier [lower-alpha 8]
Democratic
1828 Andrew Jackson [lower-alpha 9]
Office vacant December 28, 1832 – March 4, 1833 [lower-alpha 7]
8March 4, 1833

March 4, 1837
Francis Alexander - Martin Van Buren - Google Art Project.jpg Martin Van Buren
1782–1862
(Lived 79 years)
[14] [15] [16]
Minister to the Court of St. James's
(1831–1832)
Democratic 1832
9March 4, 1837

March 4, 1841
RichardMentorJohnson.jpg Richard M. Johnson
1780–1850
(Lived 70 years)
[17]
Representative for Kentucky's 13th district
(1833–1837)
Democratic 1836 Martin Van Buren
10March 4, 1841

April 4, 1841
(Became President)
Johntyler.jpg John Tyler
1790–1862
(Lived 71 years)
[18] [19] [20]
Senator from Virginia
(1827–1836)
Whig 1840 William H. Harrison
(Died in office)
Office vacant April 4, 1841 – March 4, 1845 [lower-alpha 7] John Tyler
11March 4, 1845

March 4, 1849
George Mifflin Dallas 1848 crop.png George M. Dallas
1792–1864
(Lived 72 years)
[21]
Minister to Russia
(1837–1839)
Democratic 1844 James K. Polk
12March 4, 1849

July 9, 1850
(Became President)
Millard Fillmore -13th president of the United States.jpg Millard Fillmore
1800–1874
(Lived 74 years)
[22] [23] [24]
14th New York State Comptroller
(1848–1849)
Whig 1848 Zachary Taylor
(Died in office)
Office vacant July 9, 1850 – March 4, 1853 [lower-alpha 7] Millard Fillmore
13March 4, 1853 [lower-alpha 10]

April 18, 1853
(Died in office)
William R. D. King Vice President.jpg William R. King
1786–1853
(Lived 67 years)
[25]
Senator from Alabama
(1819–1844 and 1848–1852)
President pro tempore
(1850–1852)
Democratic 1852 Franklin Pierce
Office vacant April 18, 1853 – March 4, 1857 [lower-alpha 7]
14March 4, 1857

March 4, 1861
John C Breckinridge-04775-restored.jpg John C. Breckinridge
1821–1875
(Lived 54 years)
[26]
Representative for Kentucky's 8th district
(1851–1855)
Democratic 1856 James Buchanan
15March 4, 1861

March 4, 1865
Hannibal Hamlin, photo portrait seated, c1860-65-retouched-crop.jpg Hannibal Hamlin
1809–1891
(Lived 81 years)
[27]
Senator from Maine
(1848–1857 and 1857–1861)
Republican 1860 Abraham Lincoln [lower-alpha 11]
(Died in office)
16March 4, 1865

April 15, 1865
(Became President)
President Andrew Johnson.jpg Andrew Johnson
1808–1875
(Lived 66 years)
[28] [29] [30]
15th Governor of Tennessee
(1853–1857)
Military Governor of Tennessee
(1862–1865)
National Union 1864
Office vacant April 15, 1865 – March 4, 1869 [lower-alpha 7] Andrew Johnson
17March 4, 1869

March 4, 1873
Schuyler Colfax portrait.jpg Schuyler Colfax
1823–1885
(Lived 61 years)
[31]
Representative for Indiana's 9th district
(1855–1869)
Speaker of the House
(1863–1869)
Republican 1868 Ulysses S. Grant
18March 4, 1873

November 22, 1875
(Died in office)
HenryWilson.jpg Henry Wilson
1812–1875
(Lived 63 years)
[32]
Senator from Massachusetts
(1855–1873)
Republican 1872
Office vacant November 22, 1875 – March 4, 1877 [lower-alpha 7]
19March 4, 1877

March 4, 1881
VicePresident-WmAlWheeler.jpg William A. Wheeler
1819–1887
(Lived 67 years)
[33]
Representative for New York's 19th district
(1875–1877)
Republican 1876 Rutherford B. Hayes
20
March 4, 1881

September 19, 1881
(Became President)
Chester Alan Arthur.jpg Chester A. Arthur
1829–1886
(Lived 57 years)
[34] [35] [36]
10th Chairman of the New York State Republican Executive Committee
(1879–1881)
(No prior elected office)
Republican 1880 James A. Garfield
(Died in office)
Office vacant September 19, 1881 – March 4, 1885 [lower-alpha 7] Chester A. Arthur
21March 4, 1885

November 25, 1885
(Died in office)
Thomas Andrews Hendricks.jpg Thomas A. Hendricks
1819–1885
(Lived 66 years)
[37]
16th Governor of Indiana
(1873–1877)
Democratic 1884 Grover Cleveland
Office vacant November 25, 1885 – March 4, 1889 [lower-alpha 7]
22March 4, 1889

March 4, 1893
Levi Morton - Brady-Handy portrait - tight 3x4 crop.jpg Levi P. Morton
1824–1920
(Lived 96 years)
[38]
Minister to France
(1881–1885)
Republican 1888 Benjamin Harrison
23March 4, 1893

March 4, 1897
Adlai Ewing Stevenson I head-on-shoulders.jpg Adlai Stevenson
1835–1914
(Lived 78 years)
[39]
First Assistant Postmaster General
(1885–1889)
Democratic 1892 Grover Cleveland
24March 4, 1897

November 21, 1899
(Died in office)
GHobart.jpg Garret Hobart
1844–1899
(Lived 55 years)
[40]
Vice Chairman of the Republican National Committee
(1892–1896)
Republican 1896 William McKinley
(Died in office)
Office vacant November 21, 1899 – March 4, 1901 [lower-alpha 7]
25March 4, 1901

September 14, 1901
(Became President)
Theodore Roosevelt circa 1902.jpg Theodore Roosevelt
1858–1919
(Lived 60 years)
[41] [42] [43]
33rd Governor of New York
(1899–1900)
Republican 1900
Office vacant September 14, 1901 – March 4, 1905 [lower-alpha 7] Theodore Roosevelt
26March 4, 1905

March 4, 1909
CharlesWFairbanks.jpg Charles W. Fairbanks
1852–1918
(Lived 66 years)
[44]
Senator from Indiana
(1897–1905)
Republican 1904
27March 4, 1909

October 30, 1912
(Died in office)
James Sherman, Bain bw photo portrait facing left.jpg James S. Sherman
1855–1912
(Lived 57 years)
[45]
Representative for New York's 27th district
(1903–1909)
Republican 1908 William H. Taft
Office vacant October 30, 1912 – March 4, 1913 [lower-alpha 7]
28March 4, 1913

March 4, 1921
Thomas Riley Marshall headshot.jpg Thomas R. Marshall
1854–1925
(Lived 71 years)
[46]
27th Governor of Indiana
(1909–1913)
Democratic 1912 Woodrow Wilson
1916
29March 4, 1921

August 2, 1923
(Became President)
Calvin Coolidge cph.3g10777 (cropped).jpg Calvin Coolidge
1872–1933
(Lived 60 years)
[47] [48] [49]
48th Governor of Massachusetts
(1919–1921)
Republican 1920 Warren G. Harding
(Died in office)
Office vacant August 2, 1923 – March 4, 1925 [lower-alpha 7] Calvin Coolidge
30
March 4, 1925

March 4, 1929
Chas G Dawes-H&E.jpg Charles G. Dawes
1865–1951
(Lived 85 years)
[50]
1st Director of the Bureau of the Budget
(1921–1922)
(No prior elected office)
Republican 1924
31March 4, 1929

March 4, 1933
Charles Curtis-portrait.jpg Charles Curtis
1860–1936
(Lived 76 years)
[51]
Senator from Kansas
(1907–1913 and 1915–1929)
President pro tempore
(1911)
Senate Majority Leader
(1925–1929)
Republican 1928 Herbert Hoover
32March 4, 1933

January 20, 1941 [lower-alpha 12]
JohnNanceGarner.png John N. Garner
1868–1967
(Lived 98 years)
[52]
Representative for Texas's 15th district
(1903–1933)
House Minority Leader
(1929–1931)
Speaker of the House
(1931–1933)
Democratic 1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt
(Died in office)
1936
33
January 20, 1941

January 20, 1945
Henry-A.-Wallace-Townsend.jpeg Henry A. Wallace
1888–1965
(Lived 77 years)
[53]
11th Secretary of Agriculture
(1933–1940)
(No prior elected office)
Democratic 1940
34January 20, 1945

April 12, 1945
(Became President)
Harry-truman.jpg Harry S. Truman
1884–1972
(Lived 88 years)
[54] [55] [56]
Senator from Missouri
(1935–1945)
Democratic 1944
Office vacant April 12, 1945 – January 20, 1949 [lower-alpha 7] Harry S. Truman
35January 20, 1949

January 20, 1953
Alben Barkley.jpg Alben W. Barkley
1877–1956
(Lived 78 years)
[57]
Senator from Kentucky
(1927–1949)
Senate Majority Leader
(1937–1947)
Senate Minority Leader
(1947–1949)
Democratic 1948
36January 20, 1953

January 20, 1961
Richard Nixon official portrait as Vice President.tiff Richard Nixon
1913–1994
(Lived 81 years)
[58] [59] [60]
Senator from California
(1950–1953)
Republican 1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower
1956
37January 20, 1961

November 22, 1963
(Became President)
LBJBioguide.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson
1908–1973
(Lived 64 years)
[61] [62]
Senator from Texas
(1949–1961)
Senate Majority Leader
(1955–1961)
Democratic 1960 John F. Kennedy
(Died in office)
Office vacant November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1965 [lower-alpha 7] Lyndon B. Johnson
38January 20, 1965

January 20, 1969
Hubert Humphrey crop.jpg Hubert Humphrey
1911–1978
(Lived 66 years)
[63]
Senator from Minnesota
(1949–1964)
Senate Majority Whip
(1961–1964)
Democratic 1964
39January 20, 1969

October 10, 1973
(Resigned from office)
Spiro Agnew.jpg Spiro Agnew
1918–1996
(Lived 77 years)
[64]
55th Governor of Maryland
(1967–1969)
Republican 1968 Richard Nixon
(Resigned from office)
1972
Office vacant October 10 – December 6, 1973 [lower-alpha 13]
40December 6, 1973

August 9, 1974
(Became President)
Gerald Ford presidential portrait (cropped).jpg Gerald Ford
1913–2006
(Lived 93 years)
[65] [66] [67]
Representative for Michigan's 5th district
(1949–1973)
House Minority Leader
(1965–1973)
Republican
Office vacant August 9 – December 19, 1974 [lower-alpha 13] Gerald Ford
41December 19, 1974

January 20, 1977
Nelson Rockefeller.jpg Nelson Rockefeller
1908–1979
(Lived 70 years)
[68]
49th Governor of New York
(1959–1973)
Republican
42January 20, 1977

January 20, 1981
Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup.jpg Walter Mondale
Born 1928
(91 years old)
[69]
Senator from Minnesota
(1964–1976)
Democratic 1976 Jimmy Carter
43January 20, 1981

January 20, 1989
Vice President George H. W. Bush portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush
1924–2018
(Lived 94 years)
[70] [71] [72]
11th Director of Central Intelligence
(1976–1977)
Republican 1980 Ronald Reagan
1984
44January 20, 1989

January 20, 1993
Dan Quayle crop.jpg Dan Quayle
Born 1947
(72 years old)
[73]
Senator from Indiana
(1981–1989)
Republican 1988 George H. W. Bush
45 January 20, 1993

January 20, 2001
Al Gore, Vice President of the United States, official portrait 1994.jpg Al Gore
Born 1948
(71 years old)
[74]
Senator from Tennessee
(1985–1993)
Democratic 1992 Bill Clinton
1996
46January 20, 2001

January 20, 2009
46 Dick Cheney 3x4.jpg Dick Cheney
Born 1941
(78 years old)
[75]
17th Secretary of Defense
(1989–1993)
Republican 2000 George W. Bush
2004
47January 20, 2009

January 20, 2017
Joe Biden official portrait crop.jpg Joe Biden
Born 1942
(76 years old)
[76]
Senator from Delaware
(1973–2009)
Democratic 2008 Barack Obama
2012
48January 20, 2017

Incumbent
Vice President Pence Official Portrait (cropped).jpg Mike Pence
Born 1959
(59 years old)
[77] [78]
50th Governor of Indiana
(20132017)
Republican 2016 Donald Trump

Subsequent public office

Twenty-five Vice Presidents held other high state or federal government positions after leaving the vice presidency. Fourteen went on to become President, namely John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Martin Van Buren, John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester A. Arthur, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S. Truman, Richard Nixon, Lyndon B. Johnson, Gerald Ford and George H. W. Bush (nine of them did so following their predecessor's death or resignation); and six served in the Senate, namely John C. Calhoun, John C. Breckinridge, Hannibal Hamlin, Andrew Johnson, Alben W. Barkley and Hubert Humphrey. Several served as a member of the Cabinet or as an ambassador in later administrations, or in state government. Additionally, two former Vice Presidents, Tyler and Breckinridge, served in the government of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.

John Adams 2nd president of the United States

John Adams was an American statesman, attorney, diplomat, writer, and Founding Father who served as the second president of the United States from 1797 to 1801. Before his presidency he was a leader of the American Revolution that achieved independence from Great Britain, and also served as the first vice president of the United States. Adams was a dedicated diarist and regularly corresponded with many important figures in early American history including his wife and adviser, Abigail, and his letters and other papers are an important source of historical information about the era.

Martin Van Buren 8th president of the United States

Martin Van Buren (; born Maarten Van Buren was an American statesman who served as the eighth president of the United States from 1837 to 1841. He was the first president born after the independence of the United States from the British Empire. A founder of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the ninth governor of New York, the tenth United States secretary of state, and the eighth vice president of the United States. He won the 1836 presidential election with the endorsement of popular outgoing President Andrew Jackson and the organizational strength of the Democratic Party. He lost his 1840 reelection bid to Whig Party nominee William Henry Harrison, due in part to the poor economic conditions of the Panic of 1837. Later in his life, Van Buren emerged as an elder statesman and important anti-slavery leader, who led the Free Soil Party ticket in the 1848 presidential election.

Andrew Johnson 17th president of the United States

Andrew Johnson was the 17th president of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869. Johnson assumed the presidency as he was vice president of the United States at the time of the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. A Democrat who ran with Lincoln on the National Union ticket, Johnson came to office as the Civil War concluded. He favored quick restoration of the seceded states to the Union. His plans did not give protection to the former slaves; he came into conflict with the Republican-dominated Congress, culminating in his impeachment by the House of Representatives. He was acquitted in the Senate by one vote. Johnson's main accomplishment as president is the Alaska purchase.

Notes

  1. The U.S. Vice Presidents are counted according to uninterrupted periods of time served by the same person. For example, John Adams served two consecutive terms and is counted as the first vice president (not the first and second). Likewise, George Clinton is counted as the fourth and John Calhoun as the seventh, even though each one's consecutive terms in office were served under more than one president. Following the resignation of 39th vice president Spiro Agnew, Gerald Ford became the 40th vice president even though he was chosen to serve out the remainder of Agnew's second term. Then, after Ford succeeded to the presidency later in that same term, Nelson Rockefeller became the 41st vice president and served out the remainder of the term.
  2. Listed here (unless otherwise noted) is the most recent positioneither with a U.S. state or the federal government, or with a private corporationheld by the individual prior to becoming Vice President of the United States.
  3. Due to logistical delays, John Adams assumed the office of Vice President 1 month and 17 days after the March 4, 1789 scheduled start of operations of the new government under the Constitution. As a result, his first term was only 1,413 days long, and was the shortest term for a U.S. vice president who served a full term.
  4. Pro-Administration is a contemporary term used to describe the supporters of the political and economic policies of the Washington Administration prior to the formation of the Federalist and DemocraticRepublican parties.
  5. George Washington remained unaffiliated with any political faction or party throughout his eight-year presidency. Greatly concerned about the very real capacity of political parties to destroy the fragile unity holding the nation together, he was, and remains, the only U.S. President never to be affiliated with a political party.
  6. The 1796 presidential election was the first contested American presidential election and resulted in a situation where the persons elected President and Vice President belonged to opposing political parties. Federalist John Adams was elected President, and Thomas Jefferson of the Democratic-Republicans was elected Vice President.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Prior to ratification of the Twenty-fifth Amendment, February 10, 1967, an intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency could not be filled.
  8. John Calhoun, formerly a Democratic-Republican, founded the Nullifier Party in 1828 to advance the cause of states' rights, but was brought on as Andrew Jackson's running mate in the 1828 presidential election in an effort to broaden the political coalition emerging around Jackson.
  9. Andrew Jackson's supporters from the former Democratic-Republican Party, which had largely collapsed by the mid-1820s, began calling themselves Democrat' during his first term in office, thus marking the evolution of Thomas Jefferson's Democratic-Republican Party into the modern Democratic Party.
  10. Ill with tuberculosis, William King traveled to Cuba after the 1852 election in an effort to regain his health, and was not able to be in Washington, D.C. to take his oath of office on March 4, 1853. By a Special Act of Congress, he was allowed to take the oath outside the United States, and was sworn in on March 24, 1853 near Matanzas, Cuba. He is the only Vice President to take his oath of office in a foreign country.
  11. When he ran for reelection in 1864, Republican Abraham Lincoln formed a bipartisan electoral alliance with War Democrats by selecting Democrat Andrew Johnson as his running mate, and running on the National Union Party ticket.
  12. The Twentieth Amendment to the United States Constitution, ratified on January 23, 1933, moved Inauguration Day from March 4 to January 20, beginning in 1937. As a result, John Nance Garner's first term in office was 1 month and 12 days shorter than a normal term.
  13. 1 2 The Twenty-fifth Amendment established a process whereby an intra-term vacancy in the vice presidency is filled by presidential appointment.

See also

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