List of World War I aces credited with 20 or more victories

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Manfred von Richthofen, the most successful flying ace of World War I wearing the Pour le Merite, Prussia's highest military order in this official portrait, c. 1917 Manfred von Richthofen.jpg
Manfred von Richthofen, the most successful flying ace of World War I wearing the Pour le Mérite , Prussia's highest military order in this official portrait, c. 1917

The term ace (now commonly flying ace ) was first used by French newspapers during World War I, describing Adolphe Pégoud as l'as ('the ace'), after he downed five German aircraft. When aircraft began to shoot or force down other aircraft, systems to count "air victories" were subsequently developed. The American qualification of five victories eventually became the standard, even though other air services had previously used differing figures. [1]

Contents

The Nieuport 17, a French biplane fighter aircraft of World War I Nieuport 23 C.1 (colour).jpg
The Nieuport 17, a French biplane fighter aircraft of World War I

While "ace" status was most often won by fighter pilots, bomber and reconnaissance crews, and observers in two-seater aircraft such as the Bristol F.2b ("Bristol Fighter"), also destroyed enemy aircraft. If a two-seater aircraft destroyed an aircraft, both crew members were credited with a victory. Because pilots usually teamed with differing observer/gunners in two-seater aircraft, an observer might be an ace when his pilot was not, and vice versa. [2] The few aces among combat aviators have historically accounted for the majority of air-to-air victories in military history. [3]

Loss of records by mischance and the passage of time complicates reconstructing the actual count for given aces. The scores presented in the list cannot be definitive, but are based on itemized lists that are the best available sources of information. [4] Aces are listed after verifying the date and location of combat, and the foe vanquished, for every victory accredited by an aviator's home air service using their own aerial victory standards. Those victories for which the evidence is unavailable or fragmentary have been excluded from the victory count.

Aces

  This along with the symbolic dagger †, indicates that the pilot was known to be either killed in action, missing in action, died of wounds, or killed in a flying accident during World War I.

NameCountryAir service(s)VictoriesNote
Manfred von Richthofen Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 80 [5] The Red Baron
PLM plus 22 other awards
René Fonck Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 75 [6] Top Allied and French ace
CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG, BCdeG, MC, MM
Billy Bishop Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 72 [7] [lower-alpha 1] Top Canadian and British Empire ace
VC, CB, DSO*, MC, DFC.
Ernst Udet Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 62 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Mick Mannock Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 61 [9] Top British ace

VC DSO & Two Bars MC & Bar .

Raymond Collishaw Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 60 [10] Top Royal Naval Air Service ace
DSO*, DSC, DFC, OSA, CdeG
James McCudden Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 57 [7] VC, DSO*, MC*, MM, CdeG
Andrew Beauchamp-Proctor Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 54 [7] Top South African ace
VC, DSO, MC*, DFC
Erich Loewenhardt Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 54 [5] PLM, IC
Donald MacLaren Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 54 [7] DSO, MC*, CdeLd'h, CdeG
Georges Guynemer Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 53 [11] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG, DSO, OLII
William George Barker Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 50 [7] VC, DSO*, MC**, MMV*(Silver), CdeG
Josef Jacobs Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 48 [5] PLM, IC
Werner Voss Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 48 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Robert A. Little Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 47 [7] Top Australian ace
DSO*, DSC*, CdeG
George McElroy Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 47 [12] Top Irish ace

MC**, DFC*

Fritz Rumey Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 45 [5] PLM, IC
Albert Ball Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 44 [7] [13] VC, DSO**, MC, OSG
Rudolf Berthold Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 44 [5] PLM, MOSH, IC
Bruno Loerzer Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 44 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Paul Bäumer Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 43 [5] PLM, MMC(P), IC, WB
Tom F. Hazell Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 43 [7] DSO, MC, DFC*
Charles Nungesser Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 43 [14] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG, DSC, MC, BCdeG, DSC(US)
Georges Madon Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 41 [15] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG
Oswald Boelcke Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 40 [5] PLM, IC
Franz Büchner Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 40 [5] PLM, MOSH, HOH, IC
Philip F. Fullard Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 40 [7] DSO, MC*, AFC
Lothar von Richthofen Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 40 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Roderic Dallas Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 39 [lower-alpha 2] DSO, DSC*
Charles George Gass Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 39 [20] Top observer ace
MC
John Inglis Gilmour Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 39 [7] DSO, MC**
Heinrich Gontermann Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 39 [21] PLM, HOH, MOMJ, IC
William Lancelot Jordan Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 39 [7] DSC*, DFC
Carl Menckhoff Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 39 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Alfred Atkey Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 38 [7] Leading 2 seater pilot of war
MC*
William Gordon Claxton Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 37 [7] DSO, DFC*
Willy Coppens Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Belgian Military Aviation 37 [22] Top Belgian and balloon busting ace of war
OL, OWE, OC, CdeG, BCdeG, CdeLd'H, DSO, MC
James Ira Thomas Jones Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 37 [7] DSO, MC, DFC*, MM
Carl Bolle Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 36 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Julius Buckler Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 36 [5] PLM, MMC(P), IC, sole award of Gold WB
Joseph Stewart Temple Fall Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 36 [7] DFC**, AFC
Max Ritter von Müller Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 36 [23] PLM, MOMJ, IC
Maurice Boyau Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 35 [24] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG
Godwin von Brumowski Flag of Austria-Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 35 [25] Top Austro-Hungarian ace
OIC, OL, MFB, MMM, IC
Gustav Dörr Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 35 [5] MMC(P), IC
Otto Könnecke Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 35 [5] PLM, MMC(P), HOH, IC
Frederick McCall Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 35 [7] DSO, MC*, DFC
Eduard Ritter von Schleich Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 35 [5] PLM, IC, MOMJ
Emil Thuy Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 35 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Josef Veltjens Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 35 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Henry Winslow Woollett Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 35 [7] DSO, MC*, CdeLd'h
Francesco Baracca Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 34 [26] Top Italian ace
MMV(Gold), MMV**(Silver), MC, CdeG, OC
Michel Coiffard Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 34 [27] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), MC
Heinrich Bongartz Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 33 [28] PLM, HOH, IC
Heinrich Kroll Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 33 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Frank Granger Quigley Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 33 [7] DSO, MC*
Kurt Wolff Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 33 [21] PLM, HOH, IC
Julius Arigi Flag of Austria-Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 32 [25] MFB (1 gold and 4 silver)
Geoffrey Hilton Bowman Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 32 [7] DSO, MC*, DFC
Hermann Frommherz Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 32 [5] MOSH, IC
Samuel Kinkead Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 32 [29] DSO, DSC*, DFC*
Theodor Osterkamp Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Marinefliegerkorps 32 [5] Also World War II ace
PLM, IC
Paul Billik Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 31 [5] IC
Andrew Edward McKeever Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, Canadian Air Force 31 [7] Top two-seater ace for UK
DSO, MC*, DFC
Gotthard Sachsenberg Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Marinefliegerkorps 31 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Karl Allmenröder Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 30 [21] PLM, HOH, IC
Carl Degelow Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 30 [5] PLM, HOH, IC
Josef Mai Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 30 [5] IC
Ulrich Neckel Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 30 [5] PLM, IC
Karl Emil Schäfer Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 30 [21] PLM, HOH, IC
Samuel Frederick Henry Thompson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 30 [7] MC, DFC
Harald Auffarth Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 29 [lower-alpha 3] HOH, IC, WB
Charles Dawson Booker Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 29 [7] DSC, CdeG
Percy Jack Clayson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 29 [7] MC, DFC
Harry Cobby Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Flying Corps 29 [7] DSO, DFC**
Leonard Henry Rochford Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 29 [7] DSC*, DFC*
Walter Blume Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 28 [31] PLM, IC
Léon Bourjade Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 28 [32] CdeLd'h, CdeG
Walter von Bülow-Bothkamp Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 28 [33] PLM, MOSH, IC
Albert Desbrisay Carter Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 28 [7] DSO*, CdeG
Benno Fiala Ritter von Fernbrugg Flag of Austria-Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 28 [25] OIC, OL, MMC(AH), MMM, MFB, IC
Robert Ritter von Greim Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 28 [34] PLM, IC, MOMJ
John Everard Gurdon Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 28 [7] DFC
Reginald Hoidge Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 28 [7] MC*
Dennis Latimer Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 28 [7] MC, DFC
Arthur Laumann Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 28 [35] PLM, HOH, IC
Friedrich Ritter von Röth Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 28 [36] PLM, HOH, IC, MOMJ
Fritz Otto Bernert Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 27 [37] PLM, IC
Otto Fruhner Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 27 [38] MMC(P), IC
Hans Kirschstein Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 27 [39] PLM, HOH, IC
Frank Linke-Crawford Flag of Austria-Hungary (1867-1918).svg  Austria-Hungary Luftfahrtruppen 27 [25] OIC
Clifford McEwen Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 27 [40] MC, DFC*, MMV
Thomas Percy Middleton Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 27 [7] DFC
Armand Pinsard Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 27 [41] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG, MC
Arthur Rhys Davids Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 27 [7] DSO, MC*
Frank Ormond Soden Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 27 [7] DFC*
Karl Thom Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 27 [42] PLM, MMC(P), HOH, IC
Adolf Ritter von Tutschek Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 27 [43] PLM, HOH, IC, MOMJ
Arthur Whealy Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 27 [7] DSC*, DFC
Kurt Wüsthoff Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 27 [44] PLM, HOH, IC
Oskar Freiherr von Boenigk Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 26 [36] PLM, IC
Eduard Ritter von Dostler Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 26 [45] PLM, HOH, IC, MOMJ
Ronald Malcolm Fletcher Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 26 [46] Observer ace
DFM
William Frederick James Harvey Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 26 [7] MC, DFC*
Elwyn King Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Flying Corps 26 [7] DSO, DFC
Gerald Joseph Constable Maxwell Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 26 [7] DFC, MC, AFC
Max Näther Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 26 [36] HOH, IC
Eddie Rickenbacker Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States US Army Air Service 26 [47] [48] Top US ace
MOH, DSC(US), CdeLd'h, CdeG
Silvio Scaroni Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 26 [49] MMV(Gold), MMV*(Silver)
William Ernest Staton Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 26 [7] DSO*, MC, DFC*
William McKenzie Thomson Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 26 [7] MC, DFC
Olivier Freiherr von Beaulieu-Marconnay Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 25 [50] PLM, IC
Keith Caldwell Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 25 [7] Top New Zealander ace
MC, DFC*
Robert J. O. Compston Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 25 [7] DSC**, DFC
Georg von Hantelmann Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 25 [51] HOH, IC
Fritz Pütter Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 25 [36] PLM, IC
Stanley Wallace Rosevear Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 25 [7] DSC*
Erwin Böhme Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 24 [52] PLM, HOH, IC
Peter Carpenter Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 24 [40] DSO, MC*, MMV
George S. L. Hayward Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 24 [46] Observer ace
MC
Harry G. E. Luchford Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 24 [7] MC*
Georg Meyer Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 24 [36] IC
Tom Cecil Noel Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 24 [53] Observer ace. All victories in 1918
MC*. First MC awarded while junior infantry officer.
Pier Ruggero Piccio Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 24 [54] MMV**(Silver)
William Ernest Shields Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 24 [7] DFC*
James Anderson Slater Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 24 [7] MC*, DFC
William Melville Alexander Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 23 [55] DSC
Hermann Becker Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 23 [56] HOH, IC
William Charles Campbell Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 23 [7] DSO, MC*
René Dorme Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 23 [57] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG
Matthew Brown Frew Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 23 [7] DSO, MC*, AFC, MMV
Gabriel Guerin Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 23 [58] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG
Howard Percy Lale Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 23 [7] DSO, DFC*
Alexander Pentland Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 23 [7] MC, DFC
Harold Whistler Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 23 [7] DSO, DFC*
Hermann Göring Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 22 [59] PLM, HOH, IC
Thomas Sinclair Harrison Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Royal Flying Corps 22 [7] DFC*, BCdeG
Marcel Haegelen Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 22 [60] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG
Louis Fleeming Jenkin Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 22 [7] MC*
Cecil Frederick King Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 22 [61] MC, DFC, CdeG
Hans Klein Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 22 [36] PLM, HOH, IC
John Leacroft Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 22 [7] MC*
Arthur Ernest Newland Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Air Force 22 [53] Observer ace
DFM*
Hans Martin Pippart Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 22 [36] IC
Werner Preuss Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 22 [62] HOH, IC
Pierre Marinovitch Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 22 [63] CdeLd'h, MM(Fr), CdeG
Benjamin Roxburgh-Smith Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 22 [7] DFC*, BCdeG
Karl Schlegel Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 22 [36] IC
Joseph Leonard Maries White Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 22 [7] DFC*, BCdeG
Rudolf Windisch Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 22 [64] PLM, HOH, IC
Hans von Adam Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 21 [65] HOH
Friedrich Altemeier Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 21 [66] MMC(P), IC, WB
Flavio Baracchini Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 21 [67] MMV(Gold)
Francis Cubbon Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 21 [68] Observer ace
MC*
Harold Leslie Edwards Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Air Force 21 [46] DFC, MM
Friedrich Friedrichs Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 21 [36] PLM, HOH, IC
Alfred Heurtaux Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 21 [69] CdeLd'h, CdeG
Charles Hickey Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Air Force 21 [7] DFC*
Fritz Höhn Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 21 [36] HOH, IC
William John Charles Kennedy-Cochran-Patrick Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 21 [7] DSO, MC*
Richard Maybery Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 21 [7] MC
Edgar McCloughry Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Flying Corps 21 [7] DSO, DFC*
Richard Minifie Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Royal Naval Air Service 21 [7] DSC**
Friedrich T. Noltenius Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 21 [36] HOH, IC
George Edwin Thomson Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 21 [7] DSO, MC, DFC
Leonard Monteagle Barlow Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 20 [7] MC**
Douglas John Bell Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Royal Flying Corps 20 [7] MC*
Hans Bethge Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [70] HOH, IC
Kenneth Burns Conn Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 20 [71] DFC
Albert Deullin Flag of France.svg  France Aéronautique Militaire 20 [72] CdeLd'h, CdeG
Rudolf von Eschwege Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [73] HOH, IC, Bulgarian Order for Bravery in War
Wilhelm Frankl Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [74] PLM, HOH, IC
Hans von Freden Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [36] IC
Francis W. Gillet Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 20 [75] DFC*, BCdeG
Walter Göttsch Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [76] HOH, IC
Oskar Hennrich Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [36] MMC, IC
Edgar Johnston Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian Flying Corps 20 [71] DFC
Alexander Kazakov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Imperial Army Air Service 20 [77] Top Russian ace
OSG, OSV, OSS, OSA, DSO, MC, DFC, CdeLd'h, CdeG
Otto Kissenberth Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [78] PLM, HOH, IC
Camille Lagesse Canadian Red Ensign (1868-1921).svg  Canada Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force 20 [7] DFC*
Ian Donald Roy McDonald Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 20 [7] MC, DFC
Matt Woodpecker Flag of Finland.svg  Finland luftstreitkräfte, [[]] 20 [7] MC*, DFC, CdeG
Wilhelm Reinhard Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [79] HOH, IC
Charles G. Ross Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force, South African Air Force 20 [7] CBE, DFC*, BCdeG
Fulco Ruffo di Calabria Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg  Italy Corpo Aeronautico Militare 20 [80] MMV(Gold), MMV*(Silver), MMV***(Bronze)
Otto Schmidt Flag of the German Empire.svg  German Empire Luftstreitkräfte 20 [36] HOH, IC
Walter Southey Red Ensign of South Africa (1912-1951).svg  South Africa Royal Flying Corps 20 [7] DFC
Frederick Thayre Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Royal Flying Corps 20 [7] MC*

Notes

  1. Speculation about Bishop's claims, particularly his 2 June 1917 mission which earned him a Victoria Cross (VC), have persisted. [8]
  2. Although various claim-by-claim analyses ascribe Dallas a score of 32 aircraft shot down, [16] [17] he was officially credited with 39, [18] [19] and his actual tally could number in the 50s. [17]
  3. Auffarth may actually 31. [30]

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Balloon buster</span> Military pilots known for destroying enemy observation balloons

Balloon busters were military pilots known for destroying enemy observation balloons. These pilots were noted for their fearlessness, as balloons were stationary targets able to receive heavy defenses, from the ground and the air. Seventy-seven flying aces in World War I were each credited with destroying five or more balloons, and thus were balloon aces.

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The following are lists of World War I flying aces. Historically, a flying ace was defined as a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat. The term was first used by French newspapers, describing Adolphe Pégoud as l'as, after he downed seven German aircraft.

Ronald Malcolm Fletcher was an English World War I observer/gunner ace in two-seater fighters who, in conjunction with his pilot, Lt. Samuel F.H. Thompson, gained 26 confirmed victories. He was notable for the fact that all but one of these victories were over enemy fighter aircraft.

Oberleutnant Hans Schilling was an early World War I German observer flying ace. He scored his eight confirmed aerial victories teamed with Albert Dossenbach. The pair of them were shot down on 3 November 1916. Dossenbach was wounded; Schilling was burnt. As a result, Schilling was teamed with another pilot, and killed in action on 4 December 1916 by Charles Nungesser.

References

  1. Maksel, Rebecca (7 April 2008). "What does it take to become an "ace"?". Need to Know. Air & Space Magazine. Retrieved 20 October 2009.[ dead link ]
  2. Franks, Bailey & Guest 1993, p. 10
  3. Dunnigan 2003, p. 149
  4. Shores, Franks & Guest 1990, p. 7
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Franks, Bailey, Guest, 1993. pp. 241–242
  6. Guttman, 2002. p. 20
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 Shores, 2001. p. 89
  8. Greenhous, Brereton (Autumn 2002). "Billy Bishop – Brave Flyer, Bold Liar" (PDF). Canadian Military Journal. 3 (3): 61–64. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
  9. Shores, Frank, Guest 1990, pp. 255–256.
  10. Franks, 2004. pp. 68–69
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