This is a list of all the banks incorporated in Romania as of 7 July 2020 [update] .
As of 2020, the National Committee of Macroprudential Oversight of Romania has identified 9 banks as systematically important and thus have to meet more stringent requirements:
The market share of banks in terms of assets (above 1%):
|Credit Bank||18 April 1997||Bankruptcy||9 November 2000|
|Albina Bank||13 May 1999||Bankruptcy||25 May 1999|
|Bancorex||31 July 1999||Merged with Banca Comercială Română||30 July 1999|
|Bankcoop||8 February 2000||Bankruptcy||8 February 2000|
|Columna Bank||22 June 2000||Bankruptcy||18 March 2003|
|International Religion Bank||10 July 2000||Bankruptcy||10 July 2000|
|Discount Romanian Bank||28 February 2002||Bankruptcy||19 April 2002|
|Investment and Development Bank||29 March 2002||Dissolved||11 March 2002|
|Turkish-Romanian Bank||30 April 2002||Bankruptcy||3 July 2002|
|HVB Bank||Merged with Banca Comerciala Ion Tiriac as HVB Tiriac Bank||31 August 2006|
|Banca di Roma||The group, including its Romanian branch, merged with Unicredit||12 June 2008|
|Anglo-Romanian Bank||Merged with Erste Group and BCR||1 July 2011|
|Banca CR Firenze||The group, including its Romanian subsidiary, merged with Intesa Sanpaolo.||1 October 2012|
|The Royal Bank of Scotland||Sold retail and corporate portfolio to Unicredit Bank and closed.||August 2015|
|Millenium Bank||1 November 2015||Merged with OTP Bank||31 October 2015|
|Volksbank||1 January 2016||Merged with Banca Transilvania||31 December 2015|
|Banca Comercială Carpatica||2 May 2017||Merged with Patria Bank||3 May 2017|
|Veneto Banca||8 June 2018||The group, including its Romanian branch, merged with Intesa Sanpaolo.||27 June 2017|
|Piraeus Bank||The Romanian subsidiary of Piraeus Bank was acquired by J.C. Flowers & Co., whom later changed the bank's name to First Bank on 30 October 2018.||28 June 2018|
|Bancpost||1 January 2019||The Romanian subsidiary of Eurobank Ergasias merged with Banca Transilvania.||31 December 2018|
|Bank of Cyprus||1 January 2019||Sold its assets and liabilities to Marfin Bank (now known as Vista Bank) in 2013, and closed in 2018.||31 December 2018|
|National Bank of Greece||The Romanian subsidiary of National Bank of Greece, Banca Românească, was acquired by the Romanian state-owned corporate bank EximBank.||23 January 2020|
|Bank Leumi||30 April 2020||Bank Leumi's Romanian subsidiary merged with First Bank.||31 April 2020|
Since 1989, modern skyscrapers and glass-fronted hotels have altered the skyline of Cluj-Napoca, a city in the Transylvanian region of Romania.
Banca Transilvania S.A. is a banking institution with headquarters in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The bank was founded in 1993 in Cluj-Napoca by a local business people group, with a capital of 2 billion RON, of which 79% was Romanian and 21% foreign. In 2014, Banca Transilvania celebrates 20 years since it became operational, with the opening of Cluj branch.
Constantin Mugur Isărescu is the Governor of the National Bank of Romania, a position he held since September 1990, with the exception of an eleven months period, during which he served as Prime Minister of Romania. He is a member of the Romanian Academy.
The Romanian leu is the currency of Romania. It is subdivided into 100 bani, a word that also means "money" in Romanian.
First Bank is a Romanian bank, owned and managed by U.S. investment firm J.C. Flowers & Co.. The bank was established in 1995 as Pater Bank, after which it was acquired and renamed by Piraeus Bank in 2000.
The National Bank of Romania is the central bank of Romania and was established in April 1880. Its headquarters are located in the capital city of Bucharest.
Banca Comercială Română (BCR), a member of Erste Group, is the most important financial group in Romania, including operations of universal bank, as well as specialized companies on the leasing market, assets management, private pensions, housing banks and banking services through mobile phone. BCR is No. 1 bank in Romania on the assets value, No. 1 Bank by number of clients and No. 1 bank by savings and financing segments.
BRD – Groupe Société Générale is a Romanian bank which is based in Bucharest, Romania. It was founded in 1923 and is currently the third largest bank by assets in Romania.
Daniel Dăianu is a Romanian economist, professor, and politician.
CEC Bank, is a state-owned Romanian banking institution.
BCR Chișinău is a subsidiary of Banca Comercială Română (BCR) in the Republic of Moldova, member of Erste Group. BCR Chișinău is one of the first foreign capital owned banks in Moldova, which is a member of an international financial group.
ProCredit Bank is a commercial bank based in Bucharest, Romania. It was founded in 2002 as Banca de Microfinantare MIRO and was renamed in December 2004.
Ion Lapedatu was finance minister of Romania (1926-1927), Governor of the National Bank of Romania (1944-1945), and honorary member of the Romanian Academy.
Aneta Bogdan is a Romanian branding, corporate identity and marketing consultant. She is co-founder and managing partner of brand and design company Brandient, which operates from Bucharest and Singapore. She is considered a pioneer in the branding discipline in Romania and was included in the top 100 "Most Powerful Business Women in Romania" in 2012, as well as in other relevant business publications, such as "Who’s Who in Business Romania 2018", made by Ziarul Financiar.
Emilian Necula, known also as Emil Necula is a Romanian former rugby union player. He played as Number 8. He is nicknamed Ene.
Dacia Felix Bank was the second private bank established in Romania after the Romanian Revolution. It was founded in Cluj-Napoca in March 1991.