List of cities and towns in Arizona

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Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted Arizona in United States.svg
Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted

Arizona is a state located in the Western United States. There are 91 incorporated cities and towns in the U.S. state of Arizona as of 2010. Incorporated places in Arizona are those that have been granted home rule, possessing a local government in the form of a city or town council. The 2010 census put 5,021,810 of the state's 6,392,017 residents within these cities and towns, accounting for 78.56% of the population. Most of the population is concentrated within the Phoenix metropolitan area, with an 2010 census population of 4,192,887 (65.60% of the state population).

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Western United States Region in the United States

The Western United States is the region comprising the westernmost states of the United States. As European settlement in the U.S. expanded westward through the centuries, the meaning of the term the West changed. Before about 1800, the crest of the Appalachian Mountains was seen as the western frontier. The frontier moved westward and eventually the lands west of the Mississippi River were considered the West.

Contents

The oldest incorporated place in Arizona is Tucson which incorporated in 1877 and the most recent was the town of Tusayan which incorporated in March 2010. [1] As of 2010, Phoenix, the capital and largest city in Arizona, is ranked as the sixth most populous city in the United States. Other Arizona cities among the 100 most populous in the country are Tucson, Mesa, Glendale, Chandler, Gilbert and Scottsdale.

Tucson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Tucson is a city and the county seat of Pima County, Arizona, United States, and home to the University of Arizona. The 2010 United States Census put the population at 520,116, while the 2015 estimated population of the entire Tucson metropolitan statistical area (MSA) was 980,263. The Tucson MSA forms part of the larger Tucson-Nogales combined statistical area (CSA), with a total population of 1,010,025 as of the 2010 Census. Tucson is the second-largest populated city in Arizona behind Phoenix, both of which anchor the Arizona Sun Corridor. The city is 108 miles (174 km) southeast of Phoenix and 60 mi (97 km) north of the U.S.–Mexico border. Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States (2014).

Tusayan, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Tusayan is a town, but was a census-designated place during the 2010 census. It is located in Coconino County, Arizona, United States. It was incorporated in 2010. A resort town near the south entrance to Grand Canyon National Park, Tusayan is served by Grand Canyon National Park Airport. The population was 558 at the 2010 census.

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city in Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,626,000 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the most populous American state capital, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Municipal incorporation

Photograph of a street near downtown Tucson, taken in 1880. Incorporated in 1877, Tucson is Arizona's oldest city. Tucson Stone Ave year 1880.jpg
Photograph of a street near downtown Tucson, taken in 1880. Incorporated in 1877, Tucson is Arizona's oldest city.

The Arizona Constitution has, since its ratification in 1912, allowed for the creation of municipal corporations in any community with a population of 3,500 or greater. [2] According to the constitution, a municipal charter cannot be created by special laws or by the legislature, but rather by the communities themselves as provided by general law. [3] The population limit specified by the constitution was lowered by state law to a minimum of population of 1,500 for most locations, and further reduced to 500 for communities located within 10 miles (16 km) of a national park or national monument. [4] State law further restricts the incorporation of new municipalities within urbanized areas, which are defined as a specific buffer zone surrounding existing cities and towns. [5]

A city charter or town charter is a legal document (charter) establishing a municipality such as a city or town. The concept developed in Europe during the Middle Ages.

National park park used for conservation purposes of animal life and plants

A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed land that a sovereign state declares or owns. Although individual nations designate their own national parks differently, there is a common idea: the conservation of 'wild nature' for posterity and as a symbol of national pride. An international organization, the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and its World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA), has defined "National Park" as its Category II type of protected areas.

State law allows for the incorporation of a community as either a city or a town; the only additional requirement to incorporate as a city is a minimum population of 3,000. [6] Cities and towns in Arizona function largely in an identical manner, but cities are provided with additional powers that a town charter does not provide, limited primarily to certain powers regarding the regulation of utilities and construction within the city limits. [7] State law allows adjoining towns to merge and it allows a city to annex a town, but it does not allow cities to merge. [8] [9] Additionally, a town may change its form of government to a city upon reaching the minimum population of 3,000. [10] There are, however, large communities that have remained incorporated as a town in spite of attaining a large population; Gilbert, with more than 200,000 residents, remains incorporated as a town.

Twenty Arizona municipalities were incorporated before 1912, when the state was admitted to the Union. As such, these cities and towns were incorporated by means other than those stipulated by current state law and the constitution. Phoenix, for example, was incorporated in 1881 by an act of the Territorial Legislature. [11]

The Arizona Territorial Legislature was the legislative body of Arizona Territory. It was a bicameral legislature consisting of a lower house, the House of Representatives, and an upper house, the Council. Created by the Arizona Organic Act, the legislature initially consisted of nine members in the Council and eighteen members in the House. The legislature initially met once a year, but this was changed by the U.S. Congress to biannually in 1869. In 1881, the membership was expanded to twelve Council members and twenty-four Representatives.

List of cities and towns

NameType [12] County Population
(2010) [13]
Area (2010) [14] Population density (2010) [14] Incorporated [15]
sq mikm2/sq mi/km2
Apache Junction City Pinal [lower-alpha 1] 35,84035.0090.61,024.2395.41978
Avondale City Maricopa 76,23845.65118.21,672.0645.6December 13, 1946
Benson City Cochise 5,10541.46107.4123.347.61924
Bisbee [lower-alpha 2] City Cochise 5,5755.1613.41,080.3417.11902
Buckeye City Maricopa 50,876375.39972.3135.652.41929
Bullhead City City Mohave 39,54060.18155.9665.9257.11984
Camp Verde Town Yavapai 10,87343.15111.8252.097.31986
Carefree Town Maricopa 3,3638.8122.8382.2147.6December 3, 1984
Casa Grande City Pinal 48,571109.67284.0442.9171.01915
Cave Creek Town Maricopa 5,01537.9298.2132.351.11986
Chandler City Maricopa 236,12364.52167.13,665.81,415.41920
Chino Valley Town Yavapai 10,81763.43164.3170.765.91970
Clarkdale Town Yavapai 4,09710.5727.4393.1151.81957
Clifton [lower-alpha 2] Town Greenlee 3,31115.038.8226.787.51909
Colorado City Town Mohave 4,82110.3426.8466.5180.11985
Coolidge City Pinal 11,82556.58146.5209.380.81945
Cottonwood City Yavapai 11,26516.4142.5686.5265.11960
Dewey-Humboldt Town Yavapai 3,89418.5948.1209.580.92004
Douglas City Cochise 17,3789.9825.81,741.0672.21905
Duncan Town Greenlee 6962.165.6323.0124.71938
Eagar Town Apache 4,88511.2429.1434.9167.91948
El Mirage City Maricopa 31,79710.0926.13,170.71,224.21951
Eloy City Pinal 16,631111.57289.0149.157.61949
Flagstaff [lower-alpha 2] City Coconino 65,87063.91165.51,031.3398.21894
Florence [lower-alpha 2] Town Pinal 25,53652.49135.9486.9188.01908
Fountain Hills Town Maricopa 22,48920.4252.91,106.2427.11989
Fredonia Town Coconino 1,3147.3219.0179.469.31956
Gila Bend Town Maricopa 1,92255.37143.434.713.41962
Gilbert Town Maricopa 208,45368.15176.53,067.21,184.31920
Glendale City Maricopa 226,72160.13155.73,780.21,459.5June 18, 1910
Globe [lower-alpha 2] City Gila 7,53218.2047.1414.2159.91907
Goodyear City Maricopa 65,275191.52496.0340.9131.6November 19, 1946
Guadalupe Town Maricopa 5,5230.812.16,833.02,638.21975
Hayden Town Gila 6621.273.3523.2202.01956
Holbrook [lower-alpha 2] City Navajo 5,05317.3745.0291.3112.51917
Huachuca City Town Cochise 1,8532.817.3659.2254.51958
Jerome Town Yavapai 4440.862.2514.0198.51889
Kearny Town Pinal 1,9502.817.3706.0272.61959
Kingman [lower-alpha 2] City Mohave 28,06834.8290.2806.1311.21952
Lake Havasu City City Mohave 52,52744.48115.21,182.1456.41978
Litchfield Park City Maricopa 5,4763.348.71,653.7638.51987
Mammoth Town Pinal 1,4261.042.71,372.6530.01958
Marana Town Pima 34,961122.20316.5287.8111.11977
Maricopa City Pinal 43,48247.57123.2916.0353.72003
Mesa City Maricopa 439,041137.06355.03,217.51,242.31883
Miami Town Gila 1,8370.882.32,085.8805.31918
Nogales [lower-alpha 2] City Santa Cruz 20,83720.8454.01,001.0386.51893
Oro Valley Town Pima 41,01135.6492.31,154.3445.71974
Page City Coconino 7,24716.6443.1435.9168.3March 1, 1975
Paradise Valley Town Maricopa 12,82015.4640.0830.9320.81961
Parker [lower-alpha 2] Town La Paz 3,08321.9957.0140.354.21948
Patagonia Town Santa Cruz 9131.293.3709.1273.81948
Payson Town Gila 15,30119.4750.4786.0303.51973
Peoria City Maricopa [lower-alpha 1] 154,065177.97460.9883.4341.1June 7, 1954
Phoenix [lower-alpha 2] City Maricopa 1,445,632517.951,341.52,797.81,080.2February 5, 1881
Pima Town Graham 2,3875.9315.4405.7156.61916
Pinetop-Lakeside Town Navajo 4,28211.3729.4379.1146.41984
Prescott [lower-alpha 2] City Yavapai 39,84341.58107.7963.8372.11883
Prescott Valley Town Yavapai 38,82238.65100.11,004.4387.81978
Quartzsite Town La Paz 3,67736.7295.1100.138.61989
Queen Creek Town Maricopa [lower-alpha 1] 26,36128.0772.7940.1363.01989
Safford [lower-alpha 2] City Graham 9,5668.5922.21,117.4431.41901
Sahuarita Town Pima 25,25931.0480.4813.8314.21994
San Luis City Yuma 25,50532.1083.1796.3307.51979
Scottsdale City Maricopa 217,385184.40477.61,182.0456.4June 25, 1951
Sedona City Yavapai [lower-alpha 1] 10,03119.1849.7524.1202.41988
Show Low City Navajo 10,66041.17106.6260.4100.51953
Sierra Vista City Cochise 43,888152.54395.1288.2111.31956
Snowflake Town Navajo 5,59033.5887.0166.864.41948
Somerton City Yuma 14,2877.3018.91,959.8756.71918
South Tucson City Pima 5,6521.042.75,423.12,093.91940
Springerville Town Apache 1,96111.6930.3170.165.71948
St. Johns [lower-alpha 2] City Apache 3,48026.0867.5134.351.91946
Star Valley Town Gila 1,97036.1393.664.024.72005
Superior Town Pinal 2,8371.945.01,463.1564.91976
Surprise City Maricopa 117,517105.87274.21,111.3429.11960
Taylor Town Navajo 4,11232.6784.6125.948.61966
Tempe City Maricopa 161,71940.19104.14,050.11,563.8Nov 29, 1894
Thatcher Town Graham 4,8656.1315.9724.6279.81899
Tolleson City Maricopa 6,5455.7514.91,139.2439.81929
Tombstone City Cochise 1,3804.3111.2319.9123.51881
Tucson [lower-alpha 2] City Pima 520,116227.03588.02,294.2885.81877
Tusayan Town Coconino 558 [lower-alpha 3] 8.9123.1 [lower-alpha 4] 62.624.22010
Wellton Town Yuma 2,88228.9374.999.638.51970
Wickenburg Town Maricopa 6,36318.7748.6339.1130.91909
Willcox City Cochise 3,7576.2816.3611.0235.91915
Williams City Coconino 3,02343.79113.469.626.91901
Winkelman Town Gila 3530.751.9473.9183.01949
Winslow City Navajo 9,65512.3532.0785.1303.11900
Youngtown Town Maricopa 6,1561.544.04,016.11,550.61960
Yuma [lower-alpha 2] City Yuma 93,064120.41311.9773.7298.71914

Images

Chandler, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Chandler is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, and a prominent suburb of the Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). It is bordered to the north and west by Tempe, to the north by Mesa, to the west by Phoenix, to the south by the Gila River Indian Community, and to the east by Gilbert. As of 2017, the population was estimated at 253,458 according to the United States Census Bureau.

Flagstaff, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Flagstaff is a city in and the county seat of Coconino County in northern Arizona, in the southwestern United States. In 2015, the city's estimated population was 70,320. Flagstaff's combined metropolitan area has an estimated population of 139,097. The city is named after a ponderosa pine flagpole made by a scouting party from Boston to celebrate the United States Centennial on July 4, 1876.

Globe, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Globe is a city in Gila County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the city was 7,532. The city is the county seat of Gila County. Globe was founded c. 1875 as a mining camp. Mining, tourism, government and retirees are most important in the present-day Globe economy.

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 "When communities incorporate in Arizona, they must have at least 1,500 residents to be a town and at least 3,000 to be a city. But the state makes no differences between the powers and taxing authorities of cities and towns."
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15    indicates this city or town is the county seat of its respective county.
  3. Because Tusayan was incorporated in 2010, its population was not included in the most recent Census estimates. The 2010 Census count for the now defunct Tusayan CDP was 558.
  4. Because the Tusayan was incorporated after the 2010 Census, its area is not reported by the Census Bureau. The 2010 area of the Census-designated place corresponding to Tusayan is 8.91 sq mi (23.1 km2). At its incorporation, Tusayan included an area of only 0.2 sq mi (0.52 km2), much smaller than its CDP counterpart.

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References

  1. Wagner, Dennis (2010-04-12). "Competing interests divide new Arizona town". The Arizona Republic . Retrieved 2010-04-12.
  2. "Article 13, Section 2". Arizona Constitution . Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  3. "Article 13, Section 1". Arizona Constitution . Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  4. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-101. Incorporation; definition". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  5. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-101.01. Incorporation, urbanized area". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  6. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-281. Adoption procedure; board of freeholders; election". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  7. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-276. Additional powers of cities". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
  8. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-121. Consolidation of towns". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  9. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-122. Unification of a city and a town". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  10. "Arizona Revised Statutes §9-271. Procedure for change; city officers". Arizona State Legislature. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
  11. "Out of the Ashes: The History of the City of Phoenix". City of Phoenix. Archived from the original on 2008-07-06. Retrieved 2008-06-19.
  12. "About the League: Member Cities and Towns". Arizona League of Cities and Towns. Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  13. "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Arizona". United States Census Bureau. 2009-07-07. Archived from the original on 2009-07-10. Retrieved 2009-07-21.
  14. 1 2 "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- Place, 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-02.
  15. "Community Profiles". Arizona Department of Commerce. Retrieved 2015-05-22.