List of cities in North Korea

Last updated

The important cities of North Korea have self-governing status equivalent to that of provinces. Pyongyang, the largest city and capital, is classified as a chikhalsi (capital city), while one city (see the list below) is classified as t'ŭkpyŏlsi (special city). Other cities are classified as si (city) and are under provincial jurisdiction, at the same level as counties (see Administrative divisions of North Korea).

Contents

List

Notes
NameKoreanNo.
Chosŏn'gŭlHancha
    direct-administered city 직할시直轄市1
    special city 특별시特別市3
    special-level city 특급시特級市0
   city24
City Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha ProvincePopulation
(2008)
Founded
Anju 안주시安州市 South Pyongan 240,1171987-08- 
Chongjin 청진시淸津市 North Hamgyong 667,9291985- - 
Chongju 정주시定州市 North Pyongan 189,7421994- - 
Haeju 해주시海州市 South Hwanghae 273,3001945-09-02
Hamhung 함흥시咸興市 South Hamgyong 768,5511967- - 
Hoeryong 회령시會寧市 North Hamgyong 153,5321991-07-08
Huichon 희천시熙川市 Chagang 168,1801967- - 
Hyesan 혜산시惠山市 Ryanggang 192,6801954-10- 
Kaechon 개천시价川市 South Pyongan 319,5541990-08- 
Kaesong 개성특별시開城特別市none308,4402019-02-28
Kanggye 강계시江界市 Chagang 251,9711949-01- 
Kimchaek 김책시金策市 North Hamgyong 207,2991953- - 
Kusong 구성시龜城市 North Pyongan 196,5151967-10- 
Manpo 만포시滿浦市 Chagang 116,7601961-10- 
Munchon 문천시文川市 Kangwon 122,9341991-05- 
Nampo 남포특별시南浦特別市none366,3412011-02-15
Pyongsong 평성시平城市 South Pyongan 284,3861969- - 
Pyongyang 평양직할시平壤直轄市none3,255,2881946-09- 
Rason 라선특별시羅先特別市none196,9542010-01-05
Sariwon 사리원시沙里院市 North Hwanghae 307,7641947- - 
Samjiyon 삼지연시三池淵市 Ryanggang 31,4712019-12-10
Sinpo 신포시新浦市 South Hamgyong 152,7591960- - 
Sinuiju 신의주시新義州市 North Pyongan 359,3411947- - 
Songrim 송림시松林市 North Hwanghae 128,8311947- - 
Sunchon 순천시順川市 South Pyongan 297,3171983-10- 
Tokchon 덕천시德川市 South Pyongan 237,1331986-06- 
Tanchon 단천시端川市 South Hamgyong 345,8761983- - 
Wonsan 원산시元山市 Kangwon 363,1271946-09- 

(Note: foundation dates are the dates the cities were legally founded as their current status by the North Korean government. They all existed as prior settlements before these dates.)

See also

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Telecommunications in North Korea refers to the communication services available in North Korea. North Korea has not fully adopted mainstream Internet technology due to its isolationist policies.

Transport in North Korea is constrained by economic problems and government restrictions. Public transport predominates, and most of it is electrified.

An independent city or independent town is a city or town that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity.

Pyongyang Capital of North Korea

Pyongyang is the capital and largest city of North Korea, where it is known as the "Capital of the Revolution". Pyongyang is located on the Taedong River about 109 km (68 mi) upstream from its mouth on the Yellow Sea. According to the 2008 population census, it has a population of 3,255,288. Pyongyang is a directly administered city with equal status to North Korean provinces.

Korea's provinces have been the primary administrative division of Korea since the mid Goryeo dynasty in the early 11th century, and were preceded by provincial-level divisions dating back to Unified Silla, in the late 7th century.

ISO 3166-2:KP is the entry for North Korea in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.

Eight Provinces of Korea Divisions of Korea during the Joseon Dynasty

During most of the Joseon Dynasty, Korea was divided into eight provinces. The eight provinces' boundaries remained unchanged for about 480 years from 1413 to 1895, and formed a geographic paradigm that is still reflected today in the Korean Peninsula's administrative divisions, dialects, and regional distinctions. The names of all eight provinces are still preserved today, in one form or another. These eight historical provinces form both North and South Korea, and are not to be confused with the provinces that make up South Korea or North Korea.

North Hwanghae Province Province of North Korea

North Hwanghae Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1954 when the former Hwanghae Province was split into North and South Hwanghae. The provincial capital is Sariwon. The province is bordered by Pyongyang and South Pyongan to the north, Kangwon to the east, Kaesong Industrial Region and South Korea's Gyeonggi Province to the south, and South Hwanghae southwest. In 2003, Kaesong Directly Governed City became part of North Hwanghae. Later on in 2019, it was promoted as Special City. Thus, it was separated from North Hwanghae.

South Hamgyong Province Province of North Korea

South Hamgyong Province is a province of North Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the southern half of the former Hamgyong Province, remained a province of Korea until 1945, then became a province of North Korea. Its capital is Hamhung.

Chongjin Capital city of North Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Chŏngjin is the capital of North Korea's North Hamgyong Province (함경북도) and the country's third largest city. It is sometimes called the City of Iron.

Hamhung Municipal City in South Hamgyong Province, North Korea

Hamhŭng is North Korea's second-largest city, and the capital of South Hamgyŏng Province. It has an estimated population of 768,551. Located in the southern part of the South Hamgyong province, Hamhung is the main and most popular metropolitan area in the province. Hamhung has a thriving local economy compared to other metropolitan areas in North Korea, and it is known by North Koreans as a great area of architectural construction that was centrally planned, and built by the government of North Korea.

Tourism in North Korea Overview of tourism in DPRK

Tourism in North Korea is tightly controlled by the North Korean government. All tourism is organized by one of several state-owned tourism bureaus, including Korea International Travel Company (KITC), Korean International Sports Travel Company (KISTC), Korean International Taekwondo Tourism Company (KITTC) and Korean International Youth Travel Company (KIYTC). The majority of tourists are Chinese nationals: one 2019 estimate indicated that up to 120,000 Chinese tourists had visited North Korea in the previous year, compared to fewer than 5,000 from Western countries.

Pyongyang station Central railway station of Pyongyang, North Korea

Pyongyang station is the central railway station of P'yŏngyang, North Korea. It is located in Yŏkchŏn-dong, Chung-guyŏk.

Korean regional cuisines are characterized by local specialties and distinctive styles within Korean cuisine. The divisions reflected historical boundaries of the provinces where these food and culinary traditions were preserved until modern times.

Special cities of North Korea Wikimedia list article

Special cities are one of the first-level administrative divisions within North Korea.

Fu is a traditional administrative division of Chinese origin used in the East Asian cultural sphere, translated variously as commandery, prefecture, urban prefecture, or city. They were first instituted as a regular form of administrative division of China's Tang Empire, but were later adopted in Vietnam, Japan and Korea. At present, only two fu still remain: the prefectures of Kyoto and Osaka in Japan.

Cycling in North Korea

Cycling has become a common mode of transport in North Korea since its economic transition in the early 1990s. For economic and political reasons, fuel is scarce and private automobile ownership is nearly unheard of, so ordinary citizens must rely on human-powered vehicles and public transport.