List of cities in Taiwan

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Special municipality
City
County-administered city Cities of Taiwan.svg
  Special municipality
  City
  County-administered city
Population density of Taiwan by region Population density of Taiwan by district.svg
Population density of Taiwan by region

In the structural hierarchy of the administrative divisions in Taiwan, there are three types of administrative divisions with the Chinese word shì (市, "city") in their names.

Contents

Name Chinese Hànyǔ Pīnyīn Pe̍h-ōe-jī No.
    Special municipality 直轄市zhíxiáshìti̍t-hat-chhī6
    City shìchhī3
    County-administered city 縣轄市xiànxiáshìkoān-hat-chhī14

The 23 cities in Taiwan:

Name Chinese Hokkien
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Mandarin
Hànyǔ Pīnyīn
County FoundedPopulation
(DEC. 2014) [1]
Kaohsiung 高雄市Ko-hiông-chhīGāoxióng Shìnone1979-07-011,402,914
New Taipei 新北市Sin-pak-chhīXīnběi Shìnone2010-12-253,974,911
Taichung 臺中市Tâi-tiong-chhīTáizhōng Shìnone2010-12-252,759,887
Tainan 臺南市Tâi-lâm-chhīTáinán Shìnone2010-12-251,885,499
Taipei 臺北市Tâi-pak-chhīTáiběi Shìnone1967-07-012,696,316
Taoyuan 桃園市Thô-hn̂g-chhīTáoyuán Shìnone2014-12-252,136,702
Chiayi 嘉義市Ka-gī-chhīJiāyì Shìnone1982-07-01269,890
Hsinchu 新竹市Sin-tek-chhīXīnzhú Shìnone1982-07-01436,220
Keelung 基隆市Ke-lâng-chhīJīlóng Shìnone1945-10-25372,019
Changhua 彰化市Chiong-hòa-chhī or
Chiang-hòa-chhī
Zhānghuà Shì Changhua 1951-12-01234,721
Douliu 斗六市Táu-la̍k-chhīDǒuliù Shì Yunlin 1981-12-25108,098
Hualien 花蓮市Hoa-lian-chhī or
Hoa-liân-chhī
Huālián Shì Hualien 1946-01-16106,368
Magong 馬公市Má-keng-chhīMǎgōng Shì Penghu 1981-12-2560,335
Miaoli 苗栗市Biâu-le̍k-chhī or
Miâu-le̍k-chhī
Miáolì Shì Miaoli 1981-12-2590,963
Nantou 南投市Lâm-tâu-chhīNántóu Shì Nantou 1981-12-25102,314
Pingtung 屏東市Pîn-tong-chhīPíngdōng Shì Pingtung 1951-12-01203,866
Puzi 朴子市Phò-chú-chhīPúzǐ Shì Chiayi 1992-09-1043,250
Taibao 太保市Thài-pó-chhīTàibǎo Shì Chiayi 1991-07-0137,038
Taitung 臺東市Tâi-tang-chhīTáidōng Shì Taitung 1976-01-01106,969
Toufen 頭份市Thâu-hūn-chhīTóufèn Shì Miaoli 2015-10-05102,654
Yilan 宜蘭市Gî-lân-chhīYílán Shì Yilan 1946-01-1695,879
Yuanlin 員林市Oân-lîm-chhīYuánlín Shì Changhua 2015-08-08124,730
Zhubei 竹北市Tek-pak-chhīZhúběi Shì Hsinchu 1988-10-31203,195

Former cities

Dissolved prefectural cities

Second level political division of Taiwan
Cities / Shi 
(shi, chhi)
Districts / Jun 
(gun, kun)
Subprefectures / Zhi Ting 
(shicho, chi-thian) Taiwan Japan lv2.svg
Second level political division of Taiwan
   Cities / (shi, chhī)
   Districts / (gun, kūn)
   Subprefectures / 支廳 (shichō, chi-thiaⁿ)
Name Japanese Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
Prefecture FoundedDissolvedSuccessor division
Taihoku臺北市Tâi-pak-chhī Taihoku 1920-10-011945-10-25Became city of Taipei
Taichū臺中市Tâi-tiong-chhī Taichū 1920-10-011945-10-25Became city of Taichung
Tainan臺南市Tâi-lâm-chhī Tainan 1920-10-011945-10-25Became city of Tainan
Kīrun基隆市Ke-lâng-chhī Taihoku 1924-12-251945-10-25Became city of Keelung
Takao高雄市Ko-hiông-chhī Takao 1924-12-251945-10-25Became city of Kaohsiung
Shinchiku新竹市Sin-tek-chhī Shinchiku 1930-01-201945-10-25Became city of Hsinchu
Kagi嘉義市Ka-gī-chhī Tainan 1930-01-201945-10-25Became city of Chiayi
Shōka彰化市Chiong-hòa-chhī Taichū 1933-12-201945-10-25Became city of Changhua
Heitō屏東市Pîn-tong-chhī Takao 1933-12-201945-10-25Became city of Pingtung
Giran宜蘭市Gî-lân-chhī Taihoku 1940-10-011945-10-25Became county-administered city of Yilan
Karenkō花蓮港市Hoa-liân-káng-chhī Karenkō 1940-10-011945-10-25Became county-administered city of Hualien

Dissolved provincial cities

Name Chinese Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
FoundedDissolvedSuccessor division
Changhua 彰化市Chiong-hòa-chhī or
Chiang-hòa-chhī
1945-10-251951-12-01Became a county-administered city in Changhua County
Pingtung 屏東市Pîn-tong-chhī1945-10-251951-12-01Became a county-administered city in Pingtung County
Taipei 臺北市Tâi-pak-chhī1945-10-251967-07-01Became a special municipality
Kaohsiung 高雄市Ko-hiông-chhī1945-10-251979-07-01Became a special municipality
Taichung 臺中市Tâi-tiong-chhī1945-10-252010-12-25Became part of the special municipality of Taichung
Tainan 臺南市Tâi-lâm-chhī1945-10-252010-12-25Became part of the special municipality of Tainan

Dissolved county-administered cities

Name Chinese Taiwanese
Pe̍h-ōe-jī
County FoundedDissolvedSuccessor division
Chiayi 嘉義市Ka-gī-chhī Chiayi 1950-08-161982-07-01Became a provincial city
Hsinchu 新竹市Sin-tek-chhī Hsinchu 1951-12-011982-07-01Became a provincial city
Fengshan 鳳山市Hōng-soaⁿ-chhī Kaohsiung 1972-07-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Kaohsiung
Sanchong 三重市Sam-tiông-chhī Taipei 1962-04-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Banqiao 板橋市Pang-kiô-chhī Taipei 1972-07-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Yonghe 永和市Éng-hô-chhī Taipei 1979-01-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Zhonghe 中和市Tiong-hô-chhī Taipei 1979-01-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xindian 新店市Sin-tiàm-chhī Taipei 1980-01-152010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xinzhuang 新莊市Sin-chng-chhī Taipei 1980-01-152010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Tucheng 土城市Thô͘-siâⁿ-chhī Taipei 1993-06-262010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Luzhou 蘆洲市Lô͘-chiu-chhī Taipei 1997-10-062010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Xizhi 汐止市Se̍k-chí-chhī Taipei 1999-07-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Shulin 樹林市Chhiū-nâ-chhī Taipei 1999-10-042010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of New Taipei
Fengyuan 豐原市Hong-goân-chhī Taichung 1976-03-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Dali 大里市Tāi-lí-chhī Taichung 1993-11-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Taiping 太平市Thài-pêng-chhī Taichung 1996-08-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taichung
Xinying 新營市Sin-iâⁿ-chhī Tainan 1981-12-252010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Tainan
Yongkang 永康市Éng-khong-chhī Tainan 1993-05-012010-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Tainan
Bade 八德市Pat-tek-chhī Taoyuan 1995-01-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Luzhu 蘆竹市Lô͘-tek-chhī Taoyuan 2014-06-032014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Pingzhen 平鎮市Pêng-tìn-chhī Taoyuan 1992-03-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Taoyuan 桃園市Thô-hn̂g-chhī Taoyuan 1971-04-212014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Yangmei 楊梅市Iûⁿ-mûi-chhī Taoyuan 2010-08-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan
Zhongli 中壢市Tiong-le̍k-chhī Taoyuan 1967-07-012014-12-25Became a district in special municipality of Taoyuan

Alphabetical list of all cities and townships

List of all cities and townships in Taiwan.

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Alphabetical list of all cities and townships (Tongyòng Pinyin)

Tongyòng Pinyin was the standard of Chinese romanization of Taiwan between 2002 and 2008. Although the standard was shifted to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn from 1 January 2009, the change to signs and documents using Tongyòng Pinyin is not complete. There are still some signs using Tongyòng Pinyin on highways and roads.

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See also

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References