The following is a list of published compositions by the composer Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901).
Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was an Italian opera composer. He was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Gioachino Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him. By his 30s, he had become one of the pre-eminent opera composers in history.
Revision of earlier opera, including translations with material musical changes. Librettists not directly involved in the preparation of a specific revision, but whose text (or a translation thereof) is included in the work, are shown in italics.
|1||Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio||2||Italian|| La Scala, Milan |
17 Nov 1839
|Lightly revised three times after the première.|
|2||Un giorno di regno||2||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
5 Sep 1840
|Later revision known as Il finto Stanislao.|
|3||Nabucodonosor||4||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
9 Mar 1842
|Later known as Nabucco.|
|4||I Lombardi alla prima crociata||4||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
11 Feb 1843
|Based on an epic poem by Tommaso Grossi.|
|5||Ernani||4||Italian|| La Fenice, Venice |
9 Mar 1844
|Partially based on work by Victor Hugo.|
|6||I due Foscari||3||Italian|| Teatro Argentina, Rome |
3 Nov 1844
|7||Giovanna d'Arco||3||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
15 Feb 1845
|8||Alzira||2||Italian|| San Carlo, Naples |
12 Aug 1845
|9||Attila||3||Italian||La Fenice, Venice |
17 Mar 1846
|Acts 1 and 2 written, and Act 3 sketched, by Solera. |
Act 3 completed by Piave.
|10||Macbeth||4||Italian|| La Pergola, Florence |
14 Mar 1847
|11||I masnadieri||4||Italian|| Her Majesty's Theatre, London |
22 Jul 1847
|4a||Jérusalem||4||French|| Salle Le Peletier, Paris |
26 Nov 1847
|Revision and translation of I Lombardi alla prima crociata.|
|12||Il corsaro||3||Italian|| Teatro Grande, Trieste |
25 Oct 1848
|13||La battaglia di Legnano||4||Italian||Teatro Argentina, Rome |
27 Jan 1849
|14||Luisa Miller||3||Italian||San Carlo, Naples |
8 Dec 1849
|15||Stiffelio||3||Italian||Teatro Grande, Trieste |
16 Nov 1850
|16||Rigoletto||3||Italian||La Fenice, Venice |
11 Mar 1851
|17||Il trovatore||4||Italian|| Teatro Apollo, Rome |
19 Jan 1853
|Cammarano died before completion; his libretto was restructured by Bardare.|
|18||La traviata||3||Italian||La Fenice, Venice |
6 Mar 1853
|19||Les vêpres siciliennes||5||French||Salle Le Peletier, Paris |
13 June 1855
|19a||Giovanna de Guzman||5||Italian|| Teatro Regio, Parma |
26 Dec 1855
|Revision and translation of Les vêpres siciliennes. |
After 1861 most commonly known as I vespri siciliani.
|17a||Le trouvère||4||French||La Monnaie, Brussels||Revision and translation of Il trovatore, with added ballet.|
|20||Simon Boccanegra||3||Italian||La Fenice, Venice |
12 Mar 1857
|15a||Aroldo||4||Italian|| Teatro Nuovo Communale , Rimini |
16 Aug 1857
|Revision of Stiffelio set in Anglo-Saxon Britain. Act 3 expanded.|
|21||Un ballo in maschera||3||Italian||Teatro Apollo, Rome |
17 Feb 1859
|Revision of the unperformed Gustavo III .|
|22||La forza del destino||4||Italian|| Bolshoi, Saint Petersburg |
10 Nov 1862
|10a||Macbeth||4||Italian|| Théâtre Lyrique, Paris |
21 Apr 1865
|Revised version with cuts including Macbeth's final aria.|
|23||Don Carlos||5||French||Salle Le Peletier, Paris |
11 Mar 1867
|23a||Don Carlo||5||Italian|| Royal Italian Opera House, London |
4 Jun 1867
|Translation of Don Carlos, first performed with unauthorised amendments and cuts.|
|22a||La forza del destino||4||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
27 Feb 1869
|Revised version, with text added by Ghislanzoni.|
|24||Aida||4||Italian|| Khedivia, Cairo |
24 Dec 1871
|15b||Don Carlo||5||Italian||San Carlo, Naples |
Nov / Dec 1872
|Revised version, with text added by Ghislanzoni.|
|20a||Simon Boccanegra||3||Italian||Teatro alla Scala, Milan |
24 Mar 1881
|Revised version, with text changed and added by Boito. |
Act 1 Council Chamber finale added in this version.
|23b||Don Carlo||4||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
10 Jan 1884
|Second revised version, omitting Act 1 and the ballet. |
Initial revisions in French (from Don Carlos) by du Locle and Nuittier (working with Verdi).
First performed in an Italian translation by Zanardini (incorporating previous work of de Lauzières).
|23c||Don Carlo||5||Italian|| Teatro Municipale, Modena |
29 Dec 1886
|Third revised version, restoring Act 1.|
|25||Otello||4||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
5 Feb 1887
|26||Falstaff||3||Italian||La Scala, Milan |
9 Feb 1893
Re Lear is an Italian operatic libretto in four acts written by Antonio Somma for the Italian opera composer Giuseppe Verdi. It was based on King Lear, "the Shakespeare play with which Verdi struggled for so many years, but without success".
Antonio Somma was an Italian playwright who is most well known for writing the libretto of an opera which ultimately became Giuseppe Verdi's Un ballo in maschera in 1859. While a student, his tragedy, Parisina, gave him quite a success.
King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. It depicts the gradual descent into madness of the title character, after he disposes of his kingdom by giving bequests to two of his three daughters egged on by their continual flattery, bringing tragic consequences for all. Derived from the legend of Leir of Britain, a mythological pre-Roman Celtic king, the play has been widely adapted for the stage and motion pictures, with the title role coveted by many of the world's most accomplished actors.
Temistocle Solera was an Italian opera composer and librettist.
(Jacques-Victor) Léon Escudier was a prominent French journalist, music critic and music publisher.
The Messa da Requiem is a musical setting of the Catholic funeral mass (Requiem) for four soloists, double choir and orchestra by Giuseppe Verdi. It was composed in memory of Alessandro Manzoni, an Italian poet and novelist whom Verdi admired. The first performance, at the San Marco church in Milan on 22 May 1874, marked the first anniversary of Manzoni's death. The work was at one time called the Manzoni Requiem. It is rarely performed in liturgy, but rather in concert form of around 85–90 minutes in length. Musicologist David Rosen calls it 'probably the most frequently performed major choral work composed since the compilation of Mozart's Requiem'.
Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio Manzoni was an Italian poet and novelist. He is famous for the novel The Betrothed (1827), generally ranked among the masterpieces of world literature. The novel is also a symbol of the Italian Risorgimento, both for its patriotic message and because it was a fundamental milestone in the development of the modern, unified Italian language. Manzoni also sat the basis for the modern Italian language and helped creating linguistic unity throughout Italy. He was an influential proponent of Liberal Catholicism in Italy.
Líbera me is a Roman Catholic responsory that is sung in the Office of the Dead and at the absolution of the dead, a service of prayers for the dead said beside the coffin immediately after the Requiem Mass and before burial. The text of Libera me asks God to have mercy upon the deceased person at the Last Judgment. In addition to the Gregorian chant in the Roman Gradual, many composers have written settings for the text, including Tomás Luis de Victoria, Anton Bruckner, Giuseppe Verdi, Gabriel Fauré, Maurice Duruflé, Igor Stravinsky, Benjamin Britten, Krzysztof Penderecki, Antonio Salieri, Lorenzo Perosi.
"Suona la tromba" or "Inno popolare" was a secular hymn composed by Giuseppe Verdi in 1848 to a text by the Italian poet and patriot Goffredo Mameli. The work's title comes from the opening line of Mameli's poem. It has sometimes been referred to as "Grido di guerra" and "Euterpe Patria".
Goffredo Mameli, an Italian patriot, poet, and writer was a notable figure in the Italian Risorgimento. He is also the author of the lyrics of Il Canto degli Italiani, the national anthem.
Inno delle nazioni, a cantata in a single movement, is one of only two secular choral works composed by Giuseppe Verdi. This Hymn incorporates "God Save the King", "La Marseillaise", and "Il Canto degli Italiani". It was the first collaboration between the composer and Arrigo Boito, who, much later, would revise the libretto of Simon Boccanegra and write the original libretti of Otello and Falstaff.
La traviata is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. It is based on La Dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. The opera was originally titled Violetta, after the main character. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at the La Fenice opera house in Venice.
Il trovatore is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto largely written by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play El trovador (1836) by Antonio García Gutiérrez. It was Gutiérrez's most successful play, one which Verdi scholar Julian Budden describes as "a high flown, sprawling melodrama flamboyantly defiant of the Aristotelian unities, packed with all manner of fantastic and bizarre incident."
Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni was an Italian composer best known for his operas, such as his 1890 masterpiece Cavalleria Rusticana which caused one of the greatest sensations in opera history and single-handedly ushered in the Verismo movement in Italian dramatic music. While it was often held that Mascagni, like Ruggiero Leoncavallo, was a "one-opera man" who could never repeat his first success, L'amico Fritz and Iris have remained in the repertoire in Europe since their premieres. Mascagni said that at one point, Iris was performed in Italy more often than Cavalleria.
Otello is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Arrigo Boito, based on Shakespeare's play Othello. It was Verdi's penultimate opera, and was first performed at the Teatro alla Scala, Milan, on 5 February 1887.
Arrigo Boito, was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist, librettist and composer, best known today for his libretti, especially those for Giuseppe Verdi's operas Otello and Falstaff, and his own opera Mefistofele. Along with Emilio Praga, and his own brother Camillo Boito he is regarded as one of the prominent representatives of the Scapigliatura artistic movement.
Simon Boccanegra is an opera with a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Simón Bocanegra (1843) by Antonio García Gutiérrez, whose play El trovador had been the basis for Verdi's 1853 opera, Il trovatore.
I due Foscari is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on a historical play, The Two Foscari by Lord Byron.
The Messa per Rossini is a Requiem Mass composed to commemorate the first anniversary of Gioachino Rossini's death. It was a collaboration among 13 Italian composers, initiated by Giuseppe Verdi. The composition was intended to be performed on 13 November 1869 in the Basilica of San Petronio, Bologna, where Rossini grew up and spent a large part of his life.
La battaglia di Legnano is an opera in four acts, with music by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian-language libretto by Salvadore Cammarano. It was based on the play La Bataille de Toulouse by Joseph Méry, later the co-librettist of Don Carlos.
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Francesco (Franco) Antonio Faccio was an Italian composer and conductor. Born in Verona, he studied music at the Milan Conservatory from 1855 where he was a pupil of Stefano Ronchetti-Monteviti and, as scholar William Ashbrook notes, "where he struck up a lifelong friendship with Arrigo Boito, two years his junior" and with whom he was to collaborate in many ways.
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The Quattro pezzi sacri are choral works by Giuseppe Verdi. Written separately during the last decades of the composer's life and with different origins and purposes, they were nevertheless published together in 1898 by Casa Ricordi. They are often performed as a cycle, not in chronological sequence of their composition, but in the sequence used in the Ricordi publication:
Luigi Mancinelli was a leading Italian orchestral conductor. He also composed music for the stage and concert hall and played the cello.