List of compositions by Giuseppe Verdi

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Giuseppe Verdi

The following is a list of published compositions by the composer Giuseppe Verdi (1813–1901).

Giuseppe Verdi 19th-century Italian opera composer

Giuseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi was an Italian opera composer. He was born near Busseto to a provincial family of moderate means, and developed a musical education with the help of a local patron. Verdi came to dominate the Italian opera scene after the era of Vincenzo Bellini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Gioachino Rossini, whose works significantly influenced him. By his 30s, he had become one of the pre-eminent opera composers in history.

Contents

List of operas and revisions

   Revision of earlier opera, including translations with material musical changes. Librettists not directly involved in the preparation of a specific revision, but whose text (or a translation thereof) is included in the work, are shown in italics.

#TitleLibrettoActsLanguagePremiereRemarks
1 Oberto, conte di San Bonifacio 2 Italian La Scala, Milan

17 Nov 1839

Lightly revised three times after the première.
2 Un giorno di regno 2ItalianLa Scala, Milan

5 Sep 1840

Later revision known as Il finto Stanislao.
3 Nabucodonosor
  • Temistocle Solera
4ItalianLa Scala, Milan

9 Mar 1842

Later known as Nabucco.
4 I Lombardi alla prima crociata
  • Temistocle Solera
4ItalianLa Scala, Milan

11 Feb 1843

Based on an epic poem by Tommaso Grossi.
5 Ernani 4Italian La Fenice, Venice

9 Mar 1844

Partially based on work by Victor Hugo.
6 I due Foscari
  • Francesco Maria Piave
3Italian Teatro Argentina, Rome

3 Nov 1844

7 Giovanna d'Arco
  • Temistocle Solera
3ItalianLa Scala, Milan

15 Feb 1845

8 Alzira 2Italian San Carlo, Naples

12 Aug 1845

9 Attila
  • Temistocle Solera
  • Francesco Maria Piave
3ItalianLa Fenice, Venice

17 Mar 1846

Acts 1 and 2 written, and Act 3 sketched, by Solera.

Act 3 completed by Piave.

10 Macbeth
  • Francesco Maria Piave
4Italian La Pergola, Florence

14 Mar 1847

11 I masnadieri 4Italian Her Majesty's Theatre, London

22 Jul 1847

4a Jérusalem 4 French Salle Le Peletier, Paris

26 Nov 1847

Revision and translation of I Lombardi alla prima crociata.
12 Il corsaro
  • Francesco Maria Piave
3Italian Teatro Grande, Trieste

25 Oct 1848

13 La battaglia di Legnano
  • Salvatore Cammarano
4ItalianTeatro Argentina, Rome

27 Jan 1849

14 Luisa Miller
  • Salvatore Cammarano
3ItalianSan Carlo, Naples

8 Dec 1849

15 Stiffelio
  • Francesco Maria Piave
3ItalianTeatro Grande, Trieste

16 Nov 1850

16 Rigoletto
  • Francesco Maria Piave
3ItalianLa Fenice, Venice

11 Mar 1851

17 Il trovatore 4Italian Teatro Apollo, Rome

19 Jan 1853

Cammarano died before completion; his libretto was restructured by Bardare.
18 La traviata
  • Francesco Maria Piave
3ItalianLa Fenice, Venice

6 Mar 1853

19 Les vêpres siciliennes 5FrenchSalle Le Peletier, Paris

13 June 1855

19a Giovanna de Guzman 5Italian Teatro Regio, Parma

26 Dec 1855

Revision and translation of Les vêpres siciliennes.

Also known as Batilda di Turenne in an 1858 Naples production [1] .

After 1861 most commonly known as I vespri siciliani.

17a Le trouvère
  • Salvatore Cammarano
  • Leone Emanuele Bardare [2] [3]
4French La Monnaie, Brussels

20 May 1856 [2]

Revision and translation of Il trovatore, with added ballet.
20 Simon Boccanegra
  • Francesco Maria Piave
3ItalianLa Fenice, Venice

12 Mar 1857

15a Aroldo
  • Francesco Maria Piave
4Italian Teatro Nuovo Communale  [ it ], Rimini

16 Aug 1857

Revision of Stiffelio set in Anglo-Saxon Britain. Act 3 expanded.
21 Un ballo in maschera 3ItalianTeatro Apollo, Rome

17 Feb 1859

Revision of the unperformed Gustavo III .
22 La forza del destino
  • Francesco Maria Piave
4Italian Bolshoi, Saint Petersburg

10 Nov 1862

10a Macbeth
  • Francesco Maria Piave
4Italian Théâtre Lyrique, Paris

21 Apr 1865

Revised version with cuts including Macbeth's final aria.
23 Don Carlos 5FrenchSalle Le Peletier, Paris

11 Mar 1867

23a Don Carlo 5Italian Royal Italian Opera House, London

4 Jun 1867

Translation of Don Carlos, first performed with unauthorised amendments and cuts.

Italian première of this version took place on 4 Jun 1867 at the Teatro Comunale, Bologna.

22a La forza del destino
  • Francesco Maria Piave
  • Antonio Ghislanzoni
4ItalianLa Scala, Milan

27 Feb 1869

Revised version, with text added by Ghislanzoni.
24 Aida
  • Antonio Ghislanzoni
4Italian Khedivia, Cairo

24 Dec 1871

15b Don Carlo
  • Joseph Méry
  • Camille du Locle
  • Achille de Lauzières
  • Antonio Ghislanzoni
5ItalianSan Carlo, Naples

Nov / Dec 1872

Revised version, with text added by Ghislanzoni.
20a Simon Boccanegra
  • Francesco Maria Piave
  • Arrigo Boito
3ItalianTeatro alla Scala, Milan

24 Mar 1881

Revised version, with text changed and added by Boito.

Act 1 Council Chamber finale added in this version.

23b Don Carlo
  • Joseph Méry
  • Camille du Locle
  • Charles-Louis-Étienne Nuitter
  • Achille de Lauzières
  • Angelo Zanardini  [ it ]
4ItalianLa Scala, Milan

10 Jan 1884

Second revised version, omitting Act 1 and the ballet.

Initial revisions in French (from Don Carlos) by du Locle and Nuittier (working with Verdi).

First performed in an Italian translation by Zanardini (incorporating previous work of de Lauzières).

23c Don Carlo
  • Joseph Méry
  • Camille du Locle
  • Charles-Louis-Étienne Nuitter
  • Achille de Lauzières
  • Angelo Zanardini
5Italian Teatro Municipale, Modena

29 Dec 1886

Third revised version, restoring Act 1.
25 Otello
  • Arrigo Boito
4ItalianLa Scala, Milan

5 Feb 1887

26 Falstaff
  • Arrigo Boito
3ItalianLa Scala, Milan

9 Feb 1893

Incomplete projects

<i>Re Lear</i> Italian operatic libretto in four acts written by Antonio Somma for the Italian opera composer Giuseppe Verdi

Re Lear is an Italian operatic libretto in four acts written by Antonio Somma for the Italian opera composer Giuseppe Verdi. It was based on King Lear, "the Shakespeare play with which Verdi struggled for so many years, but without success".

Antonio Somma Italian opera librettist

Antonio Somma was an Italian playwright who is most well known for writing the libretto of an opera which ultimately became Giuseppe Verdi's Un ballo in maschera in 1859. While a student, his tragedy, Parisina, gave him quite a success.

<i>King Lear</i> play by William Shakespeare

King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare. It depicts the gradual descent into madness of the title character, after he disposes of his kingdom by giving bequests to two of his three daughters egged on by their continual flattery, bringing tragic consequences for all. Derived from the legend of Leir of Britain, a mythological pre-Roman Celtic king, the play has been widely adapted for the stage and motion pictures, with the title role coveted by many of the world's most accomplished actors.

Songs

  1. Non t'accostar all'urna (Jacopo Vittorelli)
  2. More, Elisa, lo stanco poeta (Tommaso Bianchi)
  3. In solitaria stanza (Jacopo Vittorelli)
  4. Nell'orror di notte oscura (Carlo Angiolini)
  5. Perduta ho la pace (trans. by Luigi Balestra from Goethe's Faust )
  6. Deh, pietoso, o addolorata (trans. by Luigi Balestra from Goethe's Faust)
Temistocle Solera Italian opera librettist

Temistocle Solera was an Italian opera composer and librettist.

  1. Il tramonto (Andrea Maffei)
  2. La zingara (S. Manfredo Maggioni)
  3. Ad una stella (Maffei)
  4. Lo Spazzacamino (Felice Romani)
  5. Il Mistero (Felice Romani)
  6. Brindisi (Maffei)

(Jacques-Victor) Léon Escudier was a prominent French journalist, music critic and music publisher.

Sacred works

Requiem (Verdi) musical setting of the Roman Catholic funeral mass by Giuseppe Verdi

The Messa da Requiem is a musical setting of the Catholic funeral mass (Requiem) for four soloists, double choir and orchestra by Giuseppe Verdi. It was composed in memory of Alessandro Manzoni, an Italian poet and novelist whom Verdi admired. The first performance, at the San Marco church in Milan on 22 May 1874, marked the first anniversary of Manzoni's death. The work was at one time called the Manzoni Requiem. It is rarely performed in liturgy, but rather in concert form of around 85–90 minutes in length. Musicologist David Rosen calls it 'probably the most frequently performed major choral work composed since the compilation of Mozart's Requiem'.

Alessandro Manzoni Italian poet and novelist

Alessandro Francesco Tommaso Antonio Manzoni was an Italian poet and novelist. He is famous for the novel The Betrothed (1827), generally ranked among the masterpieces of world literature. The novel is also a symbol of the Italian Risorgimento, both for its patriotic message and because it was a fundamental milestone in the development of the modern, unified Italian language. Manzoni also sat the basis for the modern Italian language and helped creating linguistic unity throughout Italy. He was an influential proponent of Liberal Catholicism in Italy.

Líbera me is a Roman Catholic responsory that is sung in the Office of the Dead and at the absolution of the dead, a service of prayers for the dead said beside the coffin immediately after the Requiem Mass and before burial. The text of Libera me asks God to have mercy upon the deceased person at the Last Judgment. In addition to the Gregorian chant in the Roman Gradual, many composers have written settings for the text, including Tomás Luis de Victoria, Anton Bruckner, Giuseppe Verdi, Gabriel Fauré, Maurice Duruflé, Igor Stravinsky, Benjamin Britten, Krzysztof Penderecki, Antonio Salieri, Lorenzo Perosi.

  1. Ave Maria (1889) : for mixed solo voices
  2. Stabat Mater (1897) : for mixed chorus and orchestra
  3. Laudi alla Vergine Maria (1888) : for female voices
  4. Te Deum (1896) : for double chorus and orchestra

Other sacred works

Other vocal works (secular)

Suona la tromba hymn composed by Giuseppe Verdi

"Suona la tromba" or "Inno popolare" was a secular hymn composed by Giuseppe Verdi in 1848 to a text by the Italian poet and patriot Goffredo Mameli. The work's title comes from the opening line of Mameli's poem. It has sometimes been referred to as "Grido di guerra" and "Euterpe Patria".

Goffredo Mameli poet, patriot and writer from Italy

Goffredo Mameli, an Italian patriot, poet, and writer was a notable figure in the Italian Risorgimento. He is also the author of the lyrics of Il Canto degli Italiani, the national anthem.

<i>Inno delle nazioni</i> cantata by Giuseppe Verdi

Inno delle nazioni, a cantata in a single movement, is one of only two secular choral works composed by Giuseppe Verdi. This Hymn incorporates "God Save the King", "La Marseillaise", and "Il Canto degli Italiani". It was the first collaboration between the composer and Arrigo Boito, who, much later, would revise the libretto of Simon Boccanegra and write the original libretti of Otello and Falstaff.

Instrumental, orchestral, chamber works

Piano

Orchestral

Chamber

Related Research Articles

<i>La traviata</i> 1853 opera by Giuseppe Verdi

La traviata is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. It is based on La Dame aux camélias (1852), a play adapted from the novel by Alexandre Dumas fils. The opera was originally titled Violetta, after the main character. It was first performed on 6 March 1853 at the La Fenice opera house in Venice.

<i>Il trovatore</i> opera by Giuseppe Verdi

Il trovatore is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto largely written by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play El trovador (1836) by Antonio García Gutiérrez. It was Gutiérrez's most successful play, one which Verdi scholar Julian Budden describes as "a high flown, sprawling melodrama flamboyantly defiant of the Aristotelian unities, packed with all manner of fantastic and bizarre incident."

Pietro Mascagni Italian composer known for operas

Pietro Antonio Stefano Mascagni was an Italian composer best known for his operas, such as his 1890 masterpiece Cavalleria Rusticana which caused one of the greatest sensations in opera history and single-handedly ushered in the Verismo movement in Italian dramatic music. While it was often held that Mascagni, like Ruggiero Leoncavallo, was a "one-opera man" who could never repeat his first success, L'amico Fritz and Iris have remained in the repertoire in Europe since their premieres. Mascagni said that at one point, Iris was performed in Italy more often than Cavalleria.

<i>Otello</i> opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi

Otello is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Arrigo Boito, based on Shakespeare's play Othello. It was Verdi's penultimate opera, and was first performed at the Teatro alla Scala, Milan, on 5 February 1887.

Arrigo Boito Italian opera composer and librettist of Verdis opera Otello

Arrigo Boito, was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist, librettist and composer, best known today for his libretti, especially those for Giuseppe Verdi's operas Otello and Falstaff, and his own opera Mefistofele. Along with Emilio Praga, and his own brother Camillo Boito he is regarded as one of the prominent representatives of the Scapigliatura artistic movement.

<i>Simon Boccanegra</i> opera by Giuseppe Verdi

Simon Boccanegra is an opera with a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Simón Bocanegra (1843) by Antonio García Gutiérrez, whose play El trovador had been the basis for Verdi's 1853 opera, Il trovatore.

<i>I due Foscari</i> opera by Giuseppe Verdi

I due Foscari is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on a historical play, The Two Foscari by Lord Byron.

Messa per Rossini

The Messa per Rossini is a Requiem Mass composed to commemorate the first anniversary of Gioachino Rossini's death. It was a collaboration among 13 Italian composers, initiated by Giuseppe Verdi. The composition was intended to be performed on 13 November 1869 in the Basilica of San Petronio, Bologna, where Rossini grew up and spent a large part of his life.

<i>La battaglia di Legnano</i> opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi with Italian-language libretto by Salvadore Cammarano.

La battaglia di Legnano is an opera in four acts, with music by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian-language libretto by Salvadore Cammarano. It was based on the play La Bataille de Toulouse by Joseph Méry, later the co-librettist of Don Carlos.

Salvadore Cammarano Italian librettist and playwright

Salvadore Cammarano was a prolific Italian librettist and playwright perhaps best known for writing the text of Lucia di Lammermoor (1835) for Gaetano Donizetti.

Franco Faccio Italian composer and conductor

Francesco (Franco) Antonio Faccio was an Italian composer and conductor. Born in Verona, he studied music at the Milan Conservatory from 1855 where he was a pupil of Stefano Ronchetti-Monteviti and, as scholar William Ashbrook notes, "where he struck up a lifelong friendship with Arrigo Boito, two years his junior" and with whom he was to collaborate in many ways.

Lorenzo Molajoli was an Italian opera conductor who was active in recording during the 1920s and 1930s.

Teodulo Mabellini Italian composer

Teodulo Mabellini was an Italian composer.

<i>Quattro pezzi sacri</i>

The Quattro pezzi sacri are choral works by Giuseppe Verdi. Written separately during the last decades of the composer's life and with different origins and purposes, they were nevertheless published together in 1898 by Casa Ricordi. They are often performed as a cycle, not in chronological sequence of their composition, but in the sequence used in the Ricordi publication:

Luigi Mancinelli Italian orchestral conductor

Luigi Mancinelli was a leading Italian orchestral conductor. He also composed music for the stage and concert hall and played the cello.

References

Notes

  1. Budden, Vol. 2, p.369
  2. 1 2 Pitou, p. 1333
  3. Budden, Vol. 2, p. 107

Sources