List of counties in Texas

Last updated

Counties of Texas
Location State of Texas
Number254 Counties
Populations134 (Loving) – 4,652,980 (Harris)
Areas149 square miles (390 km2) (Rockwall) – 6,192 square miles (16,040 km2) (Brewster)
Government County government
Subdivisions Municipality

The U.S. state of Texas is divided into 254 counties, more than any other U.S. state. [1] Texas was originally divided into municipalities, a unit of local government under Spanish and Mexican rule. When the Republic of Texas gained its independence in 1836, the 23 municipalities became the original Texas counties. Many of these were later divided into new counties. The last county to be initially created was Kenedy County in 1921, but Loving County is the newest organized county; it was first organized in 1893 in an apparent scheme to defraud, abolished in 1897, then reorganized in 1931. Most of these recent counties, especially near the northwest, were created from Bexar County during the 1870s. [2] [3] [4]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

County (United States) Subdivision used by most states in the United States of America

In the United States, an administrative or political subdivision of a state is a county, which is a region having specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority. The term "county" is used in 48 U.S. states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.

Contents

Each county is run by a commissioners' court, consisting of four elected commissioners (one from each of four precincts drawn based on population) and a county judge elected from all the voters of the county. In smaller counties, the county judge actually does perform judicial duties, but in larger counties, the judge's role is limited to serving on the commissioners' court. Certain officials, such as the sheriff and tax collector, are elected separately by the voters, but the commissioners' court determines their office budgets, and sets overall county policy. All county elections are partisan; the one exception is the board of trustees of the Dallas County department of education (the Harris County trustees were elected on a nonpartisan basis until 1984). [5]

Judge official who presides over court proceedings

A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling on the matter at hand based on his or her interpretation of the law and his or her own personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury. In inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate.

A sheriff is a government official, with varying duties, existing in some countries with historical ties to England, where the office originated. There is an analogous although independently developed office in Iceland that is commonly translated to English as sheriff, and this is discussed below.

Tax collector person who collects taxes

A tax collector or a taxman is a person who collects unpaid taxes from other people or corporations. Tax collectors are often portrayed in fiction as being evil, and in the modern world share a similar stereotype to that of lawyers.

While the counties have eminent domain power and control all unincorporated land within their boundaries, they have neither home-rule authority nor zoning power. The county is responsible for providing essential services (except for fire and ambulance, which are often supplied by volunteer fire departments). Unlike other US states, Texas does not allow for consolidated city-county governments. Cities and counties (as well as other political entities) are permitted to enter "interlocal agreements" to share services (as an example, a city and a school district may enter into agreements with the county whereby the county bills for and collects property taxes for the city and school district; thus, only one tax bill is sent instead of three). [6] School districts are independent of county and city government (with the exception of the Stafford Municipal School District, which is city controlled).

Eminent domain the power of a state or a national government to take private property for public use

Eminent domain, land acquisition, compulsory purchase, resumption, resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia), or expropriation is the power of a state, provincial, or national government to take private property for public use. However, this power can be legislatively delegated by the state to municipalities, government subdivisions, or even to private persons or corporations, when they are authorized by the legislature to exercise the functions of public character.

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

Home rule is government of a colony, dependent country, or region by its own citizens. It is thus the power of a constituent part of a state to exercise such of the state's powers of governance within its own administrative area that have been decentralized to it by the central government.

The Federal Information Processing Standard (FIPS) code, which is used by the United States government to uniquely identify states and counties, is provided with each entry. [7] Texas's code is 48, which when combined with any county code would be written in the form of 48XXX. The FIPS code for each county in the table links to census data for that county.

List

County
FIPS code [8] County seat [9] Established [9] OriginEtymologyPopulation [10] Area [9] Map
AndersonCounty 001 Palestine 1846 Houston County Kenneth Lewis Anderson (1805–1845), the last vice president of the Republic of Texas 57,7411,071 sq mi
(2,774 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Anderson County.svg
AndrewsCounty 003 Andrews 1876 Bexar County Richard Andrews (1800–1835), the first Texan soldier to die in the Texas Revolution 17,7221,501 sq mi
(3,888 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Andrews County.svg
AngelinaCounty 005 Lufkin 1846 Nacogdoches County A Hainai Native American woman who assisted early Spanish missionaries, whom they called "Little Angel" (Spanish: Angelina)87,805802 sq mi
(2,077 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Angelina County.svg
AransasCounty 007 Rockport 1871 Refugio County Aransas Bay, named in turn for an early Spanish fort; this support was supposedly named in turn for a Spanish palace Aránzazu, possibly related to the Sanctuario de Aránzazu. (Arantzazu is Basque for "place of thorns")25,572252 sq mi
(653 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Aransas County.svg
ArcherCounty 009 Archer City 1858 Fannin County Branch Tanner Archer, a commissioner for the Republic of Texas8,809910 sq mi
(2,357 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Archer County.svg
ArmstrongCounty 011 Claude 1876 Bexar County One of several Texas pioneer families, although it is not certain which one1,879914 sq mi
(2,367 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Armstrong County.svg
AtascosaCounty 013 Jourdanton 1856 Bexar County The Spanish word for "boggy"48,9811,232 sq mi
(3,191 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Atascosa County.svg
AustinCounty 015 Bellville 1836One of the original 23 counties Stephen F. Austin (1793–1836), known as the Father of Texas29,786653 sq mi
(1,691 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Austin County.svg
BaileyCounty 017 Muleshoe 1876 Bexar County Peter James Bailey III, a soldier and defender of the Alamo 7,077827 sq mi
(2,142 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bailey County.svg
BanderaCounty 019 Bandera 1856 Bexar County Bandera Pass, named in turn for the Spanish word for "flag"22,351792 sq mi
(2,051 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bandera County.svg
BastropCounty 021 Bastrop 1836One of the original 23 countiesBaron Felipe Enrique Neri de Bastrop, the Dutch settler who provided essential help to Stephen F. Austin in obtaining his original land grants 84,761888 sq mi
(2,300 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bastrop County.svg
BaylorCounty 023 Seymour 1858 Fannin County Henry Weidner Baylor, a surgeon in the Texas Rangers during the Mexican–American War 3,581871 sq mi
(2,256 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Baylor County.svg
BeeCounty 025 Beeville 1857 San Patricio County, Goliad County, Refugio County, Live Oak County, and Karnes County Barnard Elliott Bee, Sr. (1787–1853), a secretary of state of the Republic of Texas32,563880 sq mi
(2,279 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bee County.svg
BellCounty 027 Belton 1850 Milam County Peter Hansborough Bell, the third governor of Texas (1849–1853)347,8331,059 sq mi
(2,743 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bell County.svg
BexarCounty 029 San Antonio 1836One of the original 23 counties San Antonio de Béxar, the major presidio in Mexican Texas, named in turn for the San Antonio River and the Spanish viceroy's family, who were Dukes of Béjar in Spain 1,958,5781,247 sq mi
(3,230 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bexar County.svg
BlancoCounty 031 Johnson City 1858 Burnet County, Comal County, Gillespie County and Hays County The Blanco River. (Blanco is Spanish for "white")11,626711 sq mi
(1,841 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Blanco County.svg
BordenCounty 033 Gail 1876 Bexar County Gail Borden, Jr. (1801–1874), businessman, publisher, surveyor, and inventor of condensed milk 673899 sq mi
(2,328 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Borden County.svg
BosqueCounty 035 Meridian 1854 McLennan County The Bosque River. (Bosque is Spanish for "wooded")18,326989 sq mi
(2,561 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bosque County.svg
BowieCounty 037 Boston 1840 Red River County James Bowie (1796–1836), the legendary knife fighter who died at the Battle of the Alamo 94,012888 sq mi
(2,300 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Bowie County.svg
BrazoriaCounty 039 Angleton 1836One of the original 23 counties Brazoria, Texas, an early port on the Brazos River 362,4571,387 sq mi
(3,592 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Brazoria County.svg
BrazosCounty 041 Bryan 1841 Washington County. Named Navasota County until 1842The Brazos River222,830586 sq mi
(1,518 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Brazos County.svg
BrewsterCounty 043 Alpine 1887 Presidio County Henry Percy Brewster (1816–1884), a secretary of war for the Republic of Texas and soldier in the Civil War 9,3376,193 sq mi
(16,040 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Brewster County.svg
BriscoeCounty 045 Silverton 1876 Bexar County Andrew Briscoe (1810–1849), a signatory of the Texan Declaration of Independence and soldier during the Texan Revolution1,528900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Briscoe County.svg
BrooksCounty 047 Falfurrias 1911 Starr County James Abijah Brooks, a Texas Ranger and state legislator7,235943 sq mi
(2,442 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Brooks County.svg
BrownCounty 049 Brownwood 1856 Comanche County and Travis County Henry Stevenson Brown, a commander at the Battle of Velasco 38,053944 sq mi
(2,445 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Brown County.svg
BurlesonCounty 051 Caldwell 1846 Milam County Edward Burleson (1798–1851), a general of the Texas Revolution and Vice President of the Republic of Texas18,011666 sq mi
(1,725 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Burleson County.svg
BurnetCounty 053 Burnet 1852 Bell County, Travis County and Williamson County David Gouverneur Burnet, the first president of the Republic of Texas (1836)46,804995 sq mi
(2,577 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Burnet County.svg
CaldwellCounty 055 Lockhart 1848 Bastrop County and Gonzales County Mathew Caldwell, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and soldier during the Texas Revolution42,338546 sq mi
(1,414 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Caldwell County.svg
CalhounCounty 057 Port Lavaca 1846 Jackson County, Matagorda County and Victoria County John C. Calhoun, the seventh vice president of the United States (1825–1832)21,744512 sq mi
(1,326 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Calhoun County.svg
CallahanCounty 059 Baird 1858 Bexar County, Bosque County, and Travis County James Hughes Callahan, a soldier during the Texas Revolution13,946899 sq mi
(2,328 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Callahan County.svg
CameronCounty 061 Brownsville 1848 Nueces County and lands ceded by Mexico Ewen Cameron, a soldier during the Texas Revolution killed during the Black Bean Episode 423,725906 sq mi
(2,347 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Cameron County.svg
CampCounty 063 Pittsburg 1874 Upshur County John Lafayette Camp (1828–1891), a Texas state senator12,855198 sq mi
(513 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Camp County.svg
CarsonCounty 065 Panhandle 1876 Bexar County Samuel Price Carson, the first secretary of state of the Republic of Texas (1836–1838)6,032923 sq mi
(2,391 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Carson County.svg
CassCounty 067 Linden 1846 Bowie County Lewis Cass (1782–1866), a senator from Michigan, who had favored the annexation of Texas to the United States.
Named Davis County 1861-1871
30,012938 sq mi
(2,429 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Cass County.svg
CastroCounty 069 Dimmitt 1876 Bexar County Henri Castro (1786–1865), a French consul general for the Republic of Texas and founder of a colony in Texas7,843898 sq mi
(2,326 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Castro County.svg
ChambersCounty 071 Anahuac 1858 Jefferson County and Liberty County Thomas Jefferson Chambers, lawyer and surveyor who helped to resolve land disputes for Americans in Mexican Texas 41,441599 sq mi
(1,551 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Chambers County.svg
CherokeeCounty 073 Rusk 1846 Nacogdoches County The Cherokee Native American tribe52,2401,052 sq mi
(2,725 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Cherokee County.svg
ChildressCounty 075 Childress 1876 Bexar County George Campbell Childress (1804–1841), one of the authors of the Texas Declaration of Independence 7,067710 sq mi
(1,839 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Childress County.svg
ClayCounty 077 Henrietta 1857 Cooke County Henry Clay, U.S. Senator from Kentucky and ninth secretary of state of the United States (1825–1829)10,4211,098 sq mi
(2,844 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Clay County.svg
CochranCounty 079 Morton 1876 Bexar County Robert E. Cochran (1810–1836), a defender of the Alamo2,851775 sq mi
(2,007 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Cochran County.svg
CokeCounty 081 Robert Lee 1889 Tom Green County Richard Coke, the 15th governor of Texas (1874–1876)3,306899 sq mi
(2,328 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Coke County.svg
ColemanCounty 083 Coleman 1858 Brown County and Travis County Robert M. Coleman, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and soldier at the Battle of San Jacinto 8,4301,273 sq mi
(3,297 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Coleman County.svg
CollinCounty 085 McKinney 1846 Fannin County Collin McKinney (1766–1861), an author of the Texas Declaration of Independence and the oldest person to sign it969,603848 sq mi
(2,196 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Collin County.svg
CollingsworthCounty 087 Wellington 1876 Bexar County James Collinsworth, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and first chief justice of the Republic of Texas. (spelling differs due to an error in the bill creating the county)2,987919 sq mi
(2,380 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Collingsworth County.svg
ColoradoCounty 089 Columbus 1836One of the original 23 countiesThe Colorado River of Texas
(Colorado is Spanish for "red")
21,232963 sq mi
(2,494 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Colorado County.svg
ComalCounty 091 New Braunfels 1846 Bexar County The Comal River. (Comal is Spanish for "basin")141,009562 sq mi
(1,456 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Comal County.svg
ComancheCounty 093 Comanche 1856 Bosque County and Coryell County The Comanche Native American tribe13,573938 sq mi
(2,429 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Comanche County.svg
ConchoCounty 095 Paint Rock 1858 Bexar County The Concho River. (Concho is Spanish for "shell")2,717992 sq mi
(2,569 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Concho County.svg
CookeCounty 097 Gainesville 1848 Fannin County William Gordon Cooke, a soldier during the Texas Revolution39,895874 sq mi
(2,264 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Cooke County.svg
CoryellCounty 099 Gatesville 1854 Bell County James Coryell, a frontiersman and Texas Ranger who was killed by Native Americans 74,9131,052 sq mi
(2,725 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Coryell County.svg
CottleCounty 101 Paducah 1876 Fannin County George Washington Cottle, who died defending the Alamo1,387901 sq mi
(2,334 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Cottle County.svg
CraneCounty 103 Crane 1887 Tom Green County William Carey Crane, a president of Baylor University 4,740786 sq mi
(2,036 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Crane County.svg
CrockettCounty 105 Ozona 1875 Bexar County David Crockett (1786–1836), the legendary frontiersman who died at the Battle of the Alamo3,5642,808 sq mi
(7,273 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Crockett County.svg
CrosbyCounty 107 Crosbyton 1876 Bexar County Stephen Crosby, a Texas Land Commissioner5,899900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Crosby County.svg
CulbersonCounty 109 Van Horn 1911 El Paso County David Browning Culberson, a lawyer, U.S. Congressman, and soldier in the Civil War 2,2313,813 sq mi
(9,876 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Culberson County.svg
DallamCounty 111 Dalhart 1876 Bexar County James Wilmer Dallam, a lawyer and newspaper publisher who had a close association with the Supreme Court of Texas 7,2081,505 sq mi
(3,898 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Dallam County.svg
DallasCounty 113 Dallas 1846 Nacogdoches County and Robertson County George Mifflin Dallas, the eleventh vice president of the United States (1845–1849)

(Disputed)

2,618,148880 sq mi
(2,279 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Dallas County.svg
DawsonCounty 115 Lamesa 1876 Bexar County Nicholas Mosby Dawson, a soldier of the Texan Revolution and victim of the Dawson Massacre 12,813902 sq mi
(2,336 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Dawson County.svg
Deaf SmithCounty 117 Hereford 1876 Bexar County Erastus "Deaf" Smith (1787–1837), a scout during the Texan Revolution18,8361,497 sq mi
(3,877 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Deaf Smith County.svg
DeltaCounty 119 Cooper 1870 Hopkins County and Lamar County Its triangular shape, much like the Greek letter Delta 5,298277 sq mi
(717 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Delta County.svg
DentonCounty 121 Denton 1846 Fannin County John Bunyan Denton (1806–1841), a preacher, lawyer, and soldier killed during a raid on a Native American camp836,210888 sq mi
(2,300 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Denton County.svg
DeWittCounty 123 Cuero 1846 Goliad County, Gonzales County and Victoria County Green DeWitt, an empresario who founded an early colony in Texas20,226909 sq mi
(2,354 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting DeWitt County.svg
DickensCounty 125 Dickens 1876 Bexar County J.A. Dickens, who died at the Battle of the Alamo2,209904 sq mi
(2,341 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Dickens County.svg
DimmitCounty 127 Carrizo Springs 1858 Bexar County, Maverick County, Uvalde County and Webb County Philip Dimmitt, a major figure in the Texas Revolution10,4181,331 sq mi
(3,447 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Dimmit County.svg
DonleyCounty 129 Clarendon 1876 Bexar County Stockton P. Donley, a frontier lawyer and Texas Supreme Court justice3,311930 sq mi
(2,409 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Donley County.svg
DuvalCounty 131 San Diego 1858 Live Oak County, Nueces County and Starr County Burr Harrison DuVal (1809–1836), a soldier in the Texas Revolution who died in the Goliad Massacre 11,2731,793 sq mi
(4,644 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Duval County.svg
EastlandCounty 133 Eastland 1858 Bosque County, Coryell County and Travis County William Mosby Eastland, a soldier during the Texas Revolution18,411926 sq mi
(2,398 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Eastland County.svg
EctorCounty 135 Odessa 1887 Tom Green County Mathew Ector (1822–1879), a Confederate general during the Civil War157,087901 sq mi
(2,334 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Ector County.svg
EdwardsCounty 137 Rocksprings 1858 Bexar County Haden Edwards (1771–1849), empresario and filibuster who led the Fredonian Rebellion 1,9532,120 sq mi
(5,491 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Edwards County.svg
EllisCounty 139 Waxahachie 1849 Navarro County Richard Ellis (1781–1846), president of the convention that produced the Texas Declaration of Independence173,620940 sq mi
(2,435 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Ellis County.svg
El PasoCounty 141 El Paso 1848 Santa Fe County Neighboring Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, formerly called El Paso del Norte as it served as the pass north from central Mexico to the settlements of New Mexico 840,4101,013 sq mi
(2,624 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting El Paso County.svg
ErathCounty 143 Stephenville 1856 Bosque County and Coryell County George Bernard Erath, an early surveyor and a soldier at the Battle of San Jacinto 41,9691,086 sq mi
(2,813 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Erath County.svg
FallsCounty 145 Marlin 1850 Limestone County and Milam County The Falls on the Brazos17,437769 sq mi
(1,992 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Falls County.svg
FanninCounty 147 Bonham 1837 Red River County James Walker Fannin, Jr. (1805–1836), the commander of the Texans killed in the Goliad Massacre 34,446892 sq mi
(2,310 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Fannin County.svg
FayetteCounty 149 La Grange 1837 Bastrop County Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette (1757–1834), the French-born general and hero of the American Revolutionary War 25,272950 sq mi
(2,460 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Fayette County.svg
FisherCounty 151 Roby 1876 Bexar County Samuel Rhoads Fisher (1794–1839), a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and secretary of the Navy under the Republic of Texas3,880901 sq mi
(2,334 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Fisher County.svg
FloydCounty 153 Floydada 1876 Bexar County Dolphin Ward Floyd, who died defending the Alamo5,855992 sq mi
(2,569 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Floyd County.svg
FoardCounty 155 Crowell 1891 Cottle County, Hardeman County, King County and Knox County Robert Levi Foard, an attorney and Confederate major in the Civil War1,222707 sq mi
(1,831 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Foard County.svg
Fort BendCounty 157 Richmond 1837 Austin County, Brazoria County and Harris County A blockhouse positioned in a bend of the Brazos River764,828875 sq mi
(2,266 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Fort Bend County.svg
FranklinCounty 159 Mount Vernon 1875 Titus County Benjamin Cromwell Franklin (1805–1873), a judge and Texas State Senator10,767286 sq mi
(741 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Franklin County.svg
FreestoneCounty 161 Fairfield 1850 Limestone County A type of peach grown in the area [11] 19,625885 sq mi
(2,292 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Freestone County.svg
FrioCounty 163 Pearsall 1858 Atascosa County, Bexar County and Uvalde County The Frio River
(Frío is Spanish for "cold")
19,6001,133 sq mi
(2,934 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Frio County.svg
GainesCounty 165 Seminole 1876 Bexar County James Gaines, merchant and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence20,6381,502 sq mi
(3,890 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Gaines County.svg
GalvestonCounty 167 Galveston 1838 Brazoria County, Harris County and Liberty County Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish governor of the Louisiana Territory (1777–1785)335,036399 sq mi
(1,033 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Galveston County.svg
GarzaCounty 169 Post 1876 Bexar County José Antonio de la Garza, pioneering settler and first Mayor of San Antonio 6,528896 sq mi
(2,321 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Garza County.svg
GillespieCounty 171 Fredericksburg 1848 Bexar County and Travis County Robert Addison Gillespie, a merchant, Mexican–American War soldier, and Texas Ranger26,6461,061 sq mi
(2,748 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Gillespie County.svg
GlasscockCounty 173 Garden City 1887 Tom Green County George Washington Glasscock (1810–1868), an early Texian settler, businessman, soldier, and state representative1,348901 sq mi
(2,334 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Glasscock County.svg
GoliadCounty 175 Goliad 1836One of the original 23 counties Its county seat, named in turn as an anagram of Miguel Hidalgo, the inspirational figure behind the Mexican War of Independence 7,562854 sq mi
(2,212 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Goliad County.svg
GonzalesCounty 177 Gonzales 1836One of the original 23 counties Its county seat, named in turn for Coahuila y Tejas governor Rafael Gonzales 20,8931,068 sq mi
(2,766 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Gonzales County.svg
GrayCounty 179 Pampa 1876 Bexar County Peter W. Gray (1819–1874), a lawyer, state senator, and soldier in the Civil War22,404928 sq mi
(2,404 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Gray County.svg
GraysonCounty 181 Sherman 1846 Fannin County Peter Wagener Grayson, an attorney general of the Republic of Texas131,140934 sq mi
(2,419 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Grayson County.svg
GreggCounty 183 Longview 1873 Upshur County John Gregg (1828–1864), a Confederate general during the Civil War123,367274 sq mi
(710 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Gregg County.svg
GrimesCounty 185 Anderson 1846 Montgomery County Jesse Grimes (1788–1866), a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and early settler of the future county28,032794 sq mi
(2,056 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Grimes County.svg
GuadalupeCounty 187 Seguin 1846 Bexar County and Gonzales County The Guadalupe River, named in turn for the Mexican spiritual icon Our Lady of Guadalupe 159,659711 sq mi
(1,841 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Guadalupe County.svg
HaleCounty 189 Plainview 1876 Bexar County John C. Hale, a lieutenant killed in action at the Battle of San Jacinto34,1341,005 sq mi
(2,603 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hale County.svg
HallCounty 191 Memphis 1876 Bexar County Warren DeWitt Clinton Hall, a secretary of war for the Republic of Texas (1836)3,071903 sq mi
(2,339 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hall County.svg
HamiltonCounty 193 Hamilton 1856 Bosque County, Comanche County and Lampasas County James Hamilton Jr., governor of South Carolina (1830–1832) who gave financial aid to the Republic of Texas8,422836 sq mi
(2,165 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hamilton County.svg
HansfordCounty 195 Spearman 1876 Bexar County John M. Hansford, a Texas state representative and judge5,477920 sq mi
(2,383 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hansford County.svg
HardemanCounty 197 Quanah 1858 Fannin County Bailey Hardeman, the first secretary of the treasury for the Republic of Texas, and his brother Thomas Jones Hardeman, state representative and judge3,994695 sq mi
(1,800 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hardeman County.svg
HardinCounty 199 Kountze 1858 Jefferson County and Liberty County The Hardin family, earliest settlers of Liberty County 57,139894 sq mi
(2,315 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hardin County.svg
HarrisCounty 201 Houston 1836One of the original 23 counties John Richardson Harris, early settler and founder of Harrisburg, Texas, which eventually became known as Houston
Named Harrisburg County until 1839
4,652,9801,729 sq mi
(4,478 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Harris County.svg
HarrisonCounty 203 Marshall 1839 Shelby County Jonas Harrison, a lawyer and soldier in the Texas Revolution66,661899 sq mi
(2,328 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Harrison County.svg
HartleyCounty 205 Channing 1876 Bexar County Oliver C. and Rufus K. Hartley, brothers and original reporters for the Texas Supreme Court5,6911,462 sq mi
(3,787 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hartley County.svg
HaskellCounty 207 Haskell 1858 Fannin County and Milam County Charles Ready Haskell, Texas revolutionary soldier killed in the Goliad Massacre5,746903 sq mi
(2,339 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Haskell County.svg
HaysCounty 209 San Marcos 1848 Travis County John Coffee Hays (1817–1883), a leading Texas Ranger and Mexican–American War officer214,485678 sq mi
(1,756 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hays County.svg
HemphillCounty 211 Canadian 1876 Bexar County John Hemphill (1803–1862), U.S. Senator and Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court4,024910 sq mi
(2,357 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hemphill County.svg
HendersonCounty 213 Athens 1846 Houston County and Nacogdoches County James Pinckney Henderson, the first governor of Texas (1846–1847)81,064874 sq mi
(2,264 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Henderson County.svg
HidalgoCounty 215 Edinburg 1852 Cameron County Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753–1811), the priest who raised the call for Mexico's independence from Spain860,6611,569 sq mi
(4,064 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hidalgo County.svg
HillCounty 217 Hillsboro 1853 Navarro County George Washington Hill, a secretary of war and secretary of the navy under the Republic of Texas35,852962 sq mi
(2,492 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hill County.svg
HockleyCounty 219 Levelland 1876 Bexar County George Washington Hockley (1802–1854), Chief of Staff of the Texas Army during the Texas Revolution and secretary of war of the Republic of Texas23,088908 sq mi
(2,352 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hockley County.svg
HoodCounty 221 Granbury 1866 Johnson County John Bell Hood (1831–1879), a Confederate lieutenant general and the commander of Hood's Texas Brigade 58,273422 sq mi
(1,093 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hood County.svg
HopkinsCounty 223 Sulphur Springs 1846 Lamar County and Nacogdoches County David Hopkins, an early settler in the future county36,496785 sq mi
(2,033 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hopkins County.svg
HoustonCounty 225 Crockett 1837 Nacogdoches County Sam Houston (1793–1863), general of the Texan Revolution, commander at the Battle of San Jacinto and later president of the Republic of Texas, U.S. Senator and governor of the state of Texas23,0211,231 sq mi
(3,188 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Houston County.svg
HowardCounty 227 Big Spring 1876 Bexar County Volney Eskine Howard, U.S. Representative from Texas (1849–1853)36,040903 sq mi
(2,339 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Howard County.svg
HudspethCounty 229 Sierra Blanca 1917 El Paso County Claude Benton Hudspeth, a U.S. Congressman (1919–1931), rancher, and newspaper publisher4,4084,571 sq mi
(11,839 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hudspeth County.svg
HuntCounty 231 Greenville 1846 Fannin County and Nacogdoches County Memucan Hunt, Jr. (1807–1856), a secretary of the navy under the Republic of Texas93,872841 sq mi
(2,178 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hunt County.svg
HutchinsonCounty 233 Stinnett 1876 Bexar County Andrew Hutchinson, an early settler and attorney21,375887 sq mi
(2,297 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Hutchinson County.svg
IrionCounty 235 Mertzon 1889 Tom Green County Robert Anderson Irion (1804–1861), a secretary of state in the Republic of Texas1,5161,052 sq mi
(2,725 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Irion County.svg
JackCounty 237 Jacksboro 1856 Cooke County Patrick and William Jack, brothers, participants in the Anahuac Disturbance, and veterans of the Texas Revolution8,832917 sq mi
(2,375 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jack County.svg
JacksonCounty 239 Edna 1836One of the original 23 counties Andrew Jackson, hero of the Battle of New Orleans and the seventh president of the United States (1829–1837)14,805830 sq mi
(2,150 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jackson County.svg
JasperCounty 241 Jasper 1836One of the original 23 counties William Jasper (1750–1779), an American Revolutionary War hero35,561938 sq mi
(2,429 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jasper County.svg
Jeff DavisCounty 243 Fort Davis 1887 Presidio County Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865)2,2802,265 sq mi
(5,866 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jeff Davis County.svg
JeffersonCounty 245 Beaumont 1836One of the original 23 counties Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1801–1809)256,299904 sq mi
(2,341 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jefferson County.svg
Jim HoggCounty 247 Hebbronville 1913 Brooks County and Duval County James Stephen Hogg, the twentieth (and first native-born) governor of Texas (1891–1895)5,2021,136 sq mi
(2,942 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jim Hogg County.svg
Jim WellsCounty 249 Alice 1911 Nueces County James Babbage Wells Jr., judge and Democratic party boss in southern Texas40,871865 sq mi
(2,240 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jim Wells County.svg
JohnsonCounty 251 Cleburne 1854 Ellis County, Hill County and Navarro County Middleton Tate Johnson, a Texas Ranger, soldier in the Mexican–American War, and senator for the Republic of Texas167,301729 sq mi
(1,888 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Johnson County.svg
JonesCounty 253 Anson 1854 Bexar County and Bosque County Anson Jones, the fifth president of the Republic of Texas (1844–1846)19,983931 sq mi
(2,411 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Jones County.svg
KarnesCounty 255 Karnes City 1854 Bexar County, DeWitt County, Goliad County, Gonzales County and San Patricio County Henry Karnes (1812–1840), a soldier in the Texas Revolution15,187750 sq mi
(1,942 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Karnes County.svg
KaufmanCounty 257 Kaufman 1848 Henderson County David Spangler Kaufman, a Jewish Texas state senator and the second Jewish member of the United States House of Representatives 122,883786 sq mi
(2,036 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kaufman County.svg
KendallCounty 259 Boerne 1862 Blanco County and Kerr County George Wilkins Kendall, an early journalist and sheep rancher who gained national fame as a war correspondent during the Mexican–American War44,026662 sq mi
(1,715 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kendall County.svg
KenedyCounty 261 Sarita 1921 Hidalgo County and Willacy County (Due to a reorganization of Willacy County) Mifflin Kenedy, an early rancher and land speculator4171,457 sq mi
(3,774 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kenedy County.svg
KentCounty 263 Jayton 1876 Bexar County Andrew Kent, who died at the Battle of the Alamo763902 sq mi
(2,336 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kent County.svg
KerrCounty 265 Kerrville 1856 Bexar County James Kerr (1790–1850), an early colonist in Texas and soldier in the Texas Revolution51,7201,106 sq mi
(2,865 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kerr County.svg
KimbleCounty 267 Junction 1858 Bexar County George C. Kimbell, who died at the Battle of the Alamo (spelling differs due to an error in the bill creating the county)4,4101,251 sq mi
(3,240 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kimble County.svg
KingCounty 269 Guthrie 1876 Bexar County William Phillip King, who died at the Battle of the Alamo296912 sq mi
(2,362 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting King County.svg
KinneyCounty 271 Brackettville 1850 Bexar County Henry Lawrence Kinney, a Texas state senator and unsuccessful land speculator3,7451,364 sq mi
(3,533 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kinney County.svg
KlebergCounty 273 Kingsville 1913 Nueces County Robert Justus Kleberg (1803–1888), an early German settler and soldier at the Battle of San Jacinto31,088871 sq mi
(2,256 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Kleberg County.svg
KnoxCounty 275 Benjamin 1858 Bexar County Henry Knox, the first secretary of war of the United States (1785–1794)3,710854 sq mi
(2,212 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Knox County.svg
LamarCounty 277 Paris 1840 Red River County Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar, the third president of the Republic of Texas (1838–1842)49,587917 sq mi
(2,375 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lamar County.svg
LambCounty 279 Littlefield 1876 Bexar County George A. Lamb, who died at the Battle of San Jacinto13,2101,016 sq mi
(2,631 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lamb County.svg
LampasasCounty 281 Lampasas 1856 Bell County, Coryell County and Travis County The Lampasas River
(Lampasas is Spanish for "lilies")
21,207712 sq mi
(1,844 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lampasas County.svg
La SalleCounty 283 Cotulla 1858 Bexar County René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643–1687), the French explorer who traveled through Texas7,5841,489 sq mi
(3,856 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting La Salle County.svg
LavacaCounty 285 Hallettsville 1842 Colorado County, Fayette County, Gonzales County, Jackson County and Victoria County
Named La Buca County until 1846
The Lavaca River
(La vaca is Spanish for "the cow")
20,062970 sq mi
(2,512 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lavaca County.svg
LeeCounty 287 Giddings 1874 Bastrop County, Burleson County, Fayette County and Washington County Robert Edward Lee (1807–1870), the commanding general of the Confederate forces during the Civil War17,183629 sq mi
(1,629 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lee County.svg
LeonCounty 289 Centerville 1846 Robertson County Disputed: Either Mexican empresario Martín De León, who founded Victoria, Texas;
or the león, a local variety of yellow wolf
17,2431,072 sq mi
(2,776 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Leon County.svg
LibertyCounty 291 Liberty 1836One of the original 23 counties Its county seat, which was named either for the recent success of the Mexican War of Independence or for Liberty, Mississippi 83,6581,160 sq mi
(3,004 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Liberty County.svg
LimestoneCounty 293 Groesbeck 1846 Robertson County The limestone deposits in the region23,527909 sq mi
(2,354 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Limestone County.svg
LipscombCounty 295 Lipscomb 1876 Bexar County Abner Smith Lipscomb, justice of the Texas Supreme Court (1846–1856) and secretary of state of the Republic of Texas (1840)3,378932 sq mi
(2,414 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lipscomb County.svg
Live OakCounty 297 George West 1856 Nueces County and San Patricio County The Texas live oak tree under which the petition for a new county was signed12,1741,036 sq mi
(2,683 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Live Oak County.svg
LlanoCounty 299 Llano 1856 Bexar County, Gillespie County The Llano River
(Llano is Spanish for "plains")
21,210935 sq mi
(2,422 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Llano County.svg
LovingCounty 301 Mentone 1887 Tom Green County (1891)
Reeves County (1931)
Oliver Loving (1812–1867), a cattle rancher and pioneer of the cattle drive who, with Charles Goodnight, developed the Goodnight–Loving Trail 134673 sq mi
(1,743 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Loving County.svg
LubbockCounty 303 Lubbock 1876 Bexar County Thomas Saltus Lubbock (1817–1862), a Texas Ranger and Confederate colonel during the Civil War305,225900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lubbock County.svg
LynnCounty 305 Tahoka 1876 Bexar County William Lynn, a soldier in the Texas Revolution from Massachusetts who is believed to have died defending the Alamo5,859892 sq mi
(2,310 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Lynn County.svg
McCullochCounty 307 Brady 1856 Bexar County Benjamin McCulloch (1811–1862), veteran of San Jacinto, Texas Ranger, and Confederate general7,9571,069 sq mi
(2,769 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting McCulloch County.svg
McLennanCounty 309 Waco 1850 Limestone County and Milam County Neil McLennan, an early settler in the future county251,2591,042 sq mi
(2,699 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting McLennan County.svg
McMullenCounty 311 Tilden 1858 Atascosa County, Bexar County and Live Oak County John McMullen (1832–1883), an Irish-born empresario in Texas7781,113 sq mi
(2,883 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting McMullen County.svg
MadisonCounty 313 Madisonville 1853 Grimes County, Leon County and Walker County James Madison, the fourth president of the United States (1809–1817)14,222470 sq mi
(1,217 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Madison County.svg
MarionCounty 315 Jefferson 1860 Cass County Francis Marion (1732–1795), American Revolutionary War general10,064381 sq mi
(987 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Marion County.svg
MartinCounty 317 Stanton 1876 Bexar County Wylie Martin, a Texas Revolutionary soldier and legislative representative for the Republic of Texas5,626915 sq mi
(2,370 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Martin County.svg
MasonCounty 319 Mason 1858 Gillespie County Fort Mason, which was named for either Lt. George T. Mason, killed during the Mexican–American War in fighting near Brownsville, or for Gen. Richard Barnes Mason, military governor of California4,222932 sq mi
(2,414 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Mason County.svg
MatagordaCounty 321 Bay City 1836One of the original 23 countiesThe canebrakes which once grew along the coast
(Mata gorda is Spanish for "fat bush")
36,8401,114 sq mi
(2,885 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Matagorda County.svg
MaverickCounty 323 Eagle Pass 1856 Kinney County Samuel Augustus Maverick (1803–1870), a rancher, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, and representative in the Republic of Texas legislature58,2161,280 sq mi
(3,315 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Maverick County.svg
MedinaCounty 325 Hondo 1848 Bexar County The Medina River, named for Spanish engineer Pedro Medina50,0661,328 sq mi
(3,440 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Medina County.svg
MenardCounty 327 Menard 1858 Bexar County Michel Branamour Menard, the founder of Galveston, Texas 2,124902 sq mi
(2,336 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Menard County.svg
MidlandCounty 329 Midland 1885 Tom Green County Its county seat, which was named for its location halfway between Fort Worth and El Paso on the Texas and Pacific Railway (and "Midway, Texas", being already in use)165,049900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Midland County.svg
MilamCounty 331 Cameron 1836One of the original 23 counties Benjamin Rush Milam (1788–1835), an early Texas colonizer and soldier in the Texas Revolution25,0531,017 sq mi
(2,634 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Milam County.svg
MillsCounty 333 Goldthwaite 1887 Brown County, Comanche County, Hamilton County and Lampasas County John T. Mills (1817–1871), a Texas Supreme Court judge4,921748 sq mi
(1,937 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Mills County.svg
MitchellCounty 335 Colorado City 1876 Bexar County Asa and Eli Mitchell, two early settlers and soldiers in the Texas Revolution8,468910 sq mi
(2,357 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Mitchell County.svg
MontagueCounty 337 Montague 1857 Cooke County Daniel Montague, a state senator and early surveyor in the future county19,539931 sq mi
(2,411 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Montague County.svg
MontgomeryCounty 339 Conroe 1837 Washington County Montgomery, Texas, which in turn was named for Montgomery County, Alabama, which was in turn named for Lemuel P. Montgomery 570,9341,044 sq mi
(2,704 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Montgomery County.svg
MooreCounty 341 Dumas 1876 Bexar County Edwin Ward Moore (1810–1865), commodore of the Texan Navy 22,097900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Moore County.svg
MorrisCounty 343 Daingerfield 1875 Titus County William Wright Morris, a planter and state legislator12,467254 sq mi
(658 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Morris County.svg
MotleyCounty 345 Matador 1876 Bexar County Junius William Mottley, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence1,230989 sq mi
(2,561 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Motley County.svg
NacogdochesCounty 347 Nacogdoches 1836One of the original 23 counties Its county seat, which was named for the Nacogdoche Native American tribe65,580947 sq mi
(2,453 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Nacogdoches County.svg
NavarroCounty 349 Corsicana 1846 Robertson County José Antonio Navarro (1795–1871), a leading Tejano participant in the Texan Revolution and signer of the Texan Declaration of Independence48,7011,071 sq mi
(2,774 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Navarro County.svg
NewtonCounty 351 Newton 1846 Jasper County John Newton (1755–1780), a veteran of the Revolutionary War13,952933 sq mi
(2,416 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Newton County.svg
NolanCounty 353 Sweetwater 1876 Bexar County Philip Nolan (1771–1801), a mustanger who was killed by Spanish troops while on a mission into Texas 14,770912 sq mi
(2,362 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Nolan County.svg
NuecesCounty 355 Corpus Christi 1846 San Patricio County The Nueces River
(Nueces is Spanish for "nuts")
361,221836 sq mi
(2,165 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Nueces County.svg
OchiltreeCounty 357 Perryton 1876 Bexar County William Beck Ochiltree (1811–1867), secretary of the treasury for the Republic of Texas and legislator for the state of Texas10,073918 sq mi
(2,378 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Ochiltree County.svg
OldhamCounty 359 Vega 1876 Bexar County Williamson Simpson Oldham, a Confederate Senator for Texas2,1141,501 sq mi
(3,888 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Oldham County.svg
OrangeCounty 361 Orange 1852 Jefferson County An orange grove planted by early settlers at the mouth of the Sabine River 85,047356 sq mi
(922 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Orange County.svg
Palo PintoCounty 363 Palo Pinto 1856 Bosque County and Navarro County The Palo Pinto Creek
(Palo Pinto is Spanish for "painted stick")
28,570953 sq mi
(2,468 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Palo Pinto County.svg
PanolaCounty 365 Carthage 1846 Harrison County and Shelby County A Native American word for cotton.23,243801 sq mi
(2,075 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Panola County.svg
ParkerCounty 367 Weatherford 1855 Bosque County and Navarro County Isaac Parker, legislator for both the Republic of Texas and the state of Texas133,463904 sq mi
(2,341 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Parker County.svg
ParmerCounty 369 Farwell 1876 Bexar County Martin Parmer (1778–1850), a Republic of Texas legislator, judge, and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence9,842882 sq mi
(2,284 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Parmer County.svg
PecosCounty 371 Fort Stockton 1871 Presidio County The Pecos River, which was named for the Pecos Pueblo, which is of unknown etymology15,6344,764 sq mi
(12,339 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Pecos County.svg
PolkCounty 373 Livingston 1846 Liberty County James Knox Polk, the eleventh president of the United States (1845–1849)49,1621,057 sq mi
(2,738 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Polk County.svg
PotterCounty 375 Amarillo 1876 Bexar County Robert Potter (1800–1842), secretary of the navy for the Republic of Texas, and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence120,458909 sq mi
(2,354 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Potter County.svg
PresidioCounty 377 Marfa 1850 Santa Fe County Presidio del Norte, an eighteenth-century fort and settlement on the south side of the Rio Grande 7,1563,856 sq mi
(9,987 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Presidio County.svg
RainsCounty 379 Emory 1870 Hopkins County, Hunt County and Wood County Emory Rains (1800–1878), a state senator and surveyor of the future county11,762232 sq mi
(601 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Rains County.svg
RandallCounty 381 Canyon 1876 Bexar County Horace Randal, a Confederate brigadier general in the Civil War134,442914 sq mi
(2,367 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Randall County.svg
ReaganCounty 383 Big Lake 1903 Tom Green County John H. Reagan (1818–1905), Confederate postmaster general, U.S. Congressman, and Governor of Texas3,7101,175 sq mi
(3,043 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Reagan County.svg
RealCounty 385 Leakey 1913 Bandera County, Edwards County and Kerr County Julius Real, a rancher and state senator3,429700 sq mi
(1,813 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Real County.svg
Red RiverCounty 387 Clarksville 1836One of the original 23 countiesThe Red River of Texas12,2291,050 sq mi
(2,719 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Red River County.svg
ReevesCounty 389 Pecos 1883 Pecos County George Robertson Reeves, a Texas state representative and colonel in the Confederate army15,2812,636 sq mi
(6,827 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Reeves County.svg
RefugioCounty 391 Refugio 1836One of the original 23 counties Its county seat, which was named for the Spanish mission Nuestra Señora del Refugio, "Our Lady of Refuge"7,224770 sq mi
(1,994 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Refugio County.svg
RobertsCounty 393 Miami 1876 Bexar County John S. Roberts, a signer of the Texan Declaration of Independence, and his brother Oran Milo Roberts, attorney general for the Republic of Texas and the seventeenth governor of Texas938924 sq mi
(2,393 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Roberts County.svg
RobertsonCounty 395 Franklin 1837 Bexar County, Milam County and Nacogdoches County Sterling Clack Robertson, an empresario in Mexican Texas17,203855 sq mi
(2,214 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Robertson County.svg
RockwallCounty 397 Rockwall 1873 Kaufman County Its county seat, which was named for a submerged stone wall found by its initial settlers96,788149 sq mi
(386 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Rockwall County.svg
RunnelsCounty 399 Ballinger 1858 Bexar County and Travis County Hiram Runnels, the ninth governor of Mississippi (1833–1835) and planter in Texas10,2661,054 sq mi
(2,730 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Runnels County.svg
RuskCounty 401 Henderson 1843 Nacogdoches County Thomas Jefferson Rusk (1803–1857), a general in the Texas Revolution52,833924 sq mi
(2,393 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Rusk County.svg
SabineCounty 403 Hemphill 1836One of the original 23 countiesThe Sabine River, which forms its eastern border
(Sabina is Spanish for "cypress")
10,461490 sq mi
(1,269 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Sabine County.svg
San AugustineCounty 405 San Augustine 1836One of the original 23 countiesPresumably Augustine of Hippo (354–430)8,253528 sq mi
(1,368 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting San Augustine County.svg
San JacintoCounty 407 Coldspring 1870 Liberty County, Montgomery County, Polk County and Walker County The Battle of San Jacinto, which won Texas its independence from Mexico28,270571 sq mi
(1,479 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting San Jacinto County.svg
San PatricioCounty 409 Sinton 1836One of the original 23 countiesIts former county seat San Patricio de Hibernia, an Irish colony named for Saint Patrick 67,215692 sq mi
(1,792 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting San Patricio County.svg
San SabaCounty 411 San Saba 1856 Bexar County The San Saba River, discovered on the Catholic feast of Saint Sabbas 5,9591,134 sq mi
(2,937 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting San Saba County.svg
SchleicherCounty 413 Eldorado 1887 Crockett County Gustav Schleicher, engineer and U.S. Congressman from Texas3,0011,311 sq mi
(3,395 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Schleicher County.svg
ScurryCounty 415 Snyder 1876 Bexar County William Read Scurry (1821–1864), a Texas state legislator and Confederate general17,050903 sq mi
(2,339 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Scurry County.svg
ShackelfordCounty 417 Albany 1858 Bosque County Jack Shackelford, a soldier of the Texas Revolution3,328914 sq mi
(2,367 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Shackelford County.svg
ShelbyCounty 419 Center 1836One of the original 23 counties Isaac Shelby, a Revolutionary War soldier from Tennessee and governor of Kentucky (1792–1796)(1812–1816)25,513794 sq mi
(2,056 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Shelby County.svg
ShermanCounty 421 Stratford 1876 Bexar County Sidney Sherman (1805–1873), a soldier in the Texas Revolution3,067923 sq mi
(2,391 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Sherman County.svg
SmithCounty 423 Tyler 1846 Nacogdoches County James Smith, a general during the Texas Revolution227,727928 sq mi
(2,404 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Smith County.svg
SomervellCounty 425 Glen Rose 1875 Hood County Alexander Somervell, a soldier in the Texas Revolution and leader of the Somervell Expedition 8,845187 sq mi
(484 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Somervell County.svg
StarrCounty 427 Rio Grande City 1848 Nueces County James Harper Starr (1809–1890), a treasurer for the Republic of Texas and Confederate official64,4541,223 sq mi
(3,168 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Starr County.svg
StephensCounty 429 Breckenridge 1858 Bosque County
Named Buchanan County until 1861
Alexander Hamilton Stephens, the only vice-president of the Confederate States of America (1861–1865)9,337895 sq mi
(2,318 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Stephens County.svg
SterlingCounty 431 Sterling City 1891 Tom Green County W. S. Sterling, an early rancher, buffalo hunter, and Native American fighter1,295923 sq mi
(2,391 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Sterling County.svg
StonewallCounty 433 Aspermont 1876 Bexar County Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (1824–1863), the famous Confederate General1,388919 sq mi
(2,380 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Stonewall County.svg
SuttonCounty 435 Sonora 1887 Crockett County John Schuyler Sutton, a Texas Ranger and soldier in the Texas Revolution and Mexican–American War3,7671,454 sq mi
(3,766 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Sutton County.svg
SwisherCounty 437 Tulia 1876 Bexar County James Gibson Swisher, a soldier of the Texas Revolution7,515900 sq mi
(2,331 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Swisher County.svg
TarrantCounty 439 Fort Worth 1849 Navarro County Edward H. Tarrant, a U.S. Army general who drove the Native Americans out of the future county2,054,475864 sq mi
(2,238 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Tarrant County.svg
TaylorCounty 441 Abilene 1858 Bexar County and Travis County Edward Taylor (1812–1836), George Taylor (1816–1836), and James Taylor (1814–1836), three brothers who died at the Alamo136,290916 sq mi
(2,372 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Taylor County.svg
TerrellCounty 443 Sanderson 1905 Pecos County Alexander Watkins Terrell, attorney, judge, state legislator, diplomat, and Confederate cavalry officer8102,358 sq mi
(6,107 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Terrell County.svg
TerryCounty 445 Brownfield 1876 Bexar County Frank Terry, a Confederate colonel and commander of Terry's Texas Rangers 12,715890 sq mi
(2,305 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Terry County.svg
ThrockmortonCounty 447 Throckmorton 1858 Fannin County William Edward Throckmorton, an early Collin County settler1,527912 sq mi
(2,362 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Throckmorton County.svg
TitusCounty 449 Mount Pleasant 1846 Bowie County Andrew Jackson Titus, planter and Texas state representative32,904411 sq mi
(1,064 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Titus County.svg
Tom GreenCounty 451 San Angelo 1874 Bexar County Thomas Green (1814–1864), a Confederate brigadier general118,0191,522 sq mi
(3,942 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Tom Green County.svg
TravisCounty 453 Austin 1840 Bastrop County William Barret Travis (1809–1836), the commander of the Texan forces at the Alamo1,226,698989 sq mi
(2,561 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Travis County.svg
TrinityCounty 455 Groveton 1850 Houston County The Trinity River, named for the spiritual concept of the Trinity 14,667693 sq mi
(1,795 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Trinity County.svg
TylerCounty 457 Woodville 1846 Liberty County John Tyler, the tenth president of the United States (1841–1845)21,539923 sq mi
(2,391 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Tyler County.svg
UpshurCounty 459 Gilmer 1846 Harrison County Abel Parker Upshur, the fifteenth secretary of state of the United States (1843–1844)41,281588 sq mi
(1,523 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Upshur County.svg
UptonCounty 461 Rankin 1887 Tom Green County John C. & William F. Upton, brothers and lieutenant colonels in the Confederate army during the Civil War3,6631,242 sq mi
(3,217 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Upton County.svg
UvaldeCounty 463 Uvalde 1850 Bexar County The Cañón de Ugalde, a nearby battlefield where Spanish General Juan de Ugalde was victorious in a skirmish with over 300 Apaches 27,1321,557 sq mi
(4,033 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Uvalde County.svg
Val VerdeCounty 465 Del Rio 1885 Crockett County, Kinney County and Pecos County Civil War Battle of Val Verde
(Val Verde is Spanish for "green valley")
49,2053,171 sq mi
(8,213 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Val Verde County.svg
Van ZandtCounty 467 Canton 1848 Henderson County Isaac Van Zandt (1813–1847), attorney, Texas state representative, and diplomat55,182849 sq mi
(2,199 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Van Zandt County.svg
VictoriaCounty 469 Victoria 1836One of the original 23 counties Its county seat, which was named for Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican revolutionary and its first president (1824–1829)92,084883 sq mi
(2,287 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Victoria County.svg
WalkerCounty 471 Huntsville 1846 Montgomery County Samuel Hamilton Walker (1815–1847), a Texas Ranger and soldier in the Mexican–American War72,245788 sq mi
(2,041 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Walker County.svg
WallerCounty 473 Hempstead 1873 Austin County and Grimes County Edwin Waller (1800–1881), a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and the first mayor of Austin, Texas 51,307514 sq mi
(1,331 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Waller County.svg
WardCounty 475 Monahans 1887 Tom Green County Thomas William Ward, a commissioner for the General Land Office of Texas and mayor of Austin, Texas11,472836 sq mi
(2,165 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Ward County.svg
WashingtonCounty 477 Brenham 1836One of the original 23 counties George Washington, the first president of the United States (1789–1797)35,043609 sq mi
(1,577 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Washington County.svg
WebbCounty 479 Laredo 1848 Nueces County James Webb, who served as secretary of the Treasury, secretary of State, and Attorney General of the Republic of Texas274,7943,357 sq mi
(8,695 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Webb County.svg
WhartonCounty 481 Wharton 1846 Colorado County, Jackson County and Matagorda County William Harris Wharton (1802–1839) and John Austin Wharton (1828–1865), brothers and officers in the Texas Revolution41,9681,090 sq mi
(2,823 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Wharton County.svg
WheelerCounty 483 Wheeler 1876 Bexar County Royal Tyler Wheeler, the second Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court 5,358914 sq mi
(2,367 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Wheeler County.svg
WichitaCounty 485 Wichita Falls 1858 Cooke County The Wichita Native American tribe132,000628 sq mi
(1,627 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Wichita County.svg
WilbargerCounty 487 Vernon 1858 Bexar County Josiah P. (1801–1845) and Mathias Wilbarger, brothers and early settlers; Josiah became a mythical figure for living 11 years after being scalped12,764971 sq mi
(2,515 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Wilbarger County.svg
WillacyCounty 489 Raymondville 1911 Cameron County and Hidalgo County John G. Willacy, Texas state senator who was the author of the bill that established the county21,584597 sq mi
(1,546 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Willacy County.svg
WilliamsonCounty 491 Georgetown 1848 Milam County Robert McAlpin Williamson, a leader and veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto547,5451,124 sq mi
(2,911 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Williamson County.svg
WilsonCounty 493 Floresville 1860 Bexar County, Guadalupe County and Karnes County James Charles Wilson, a Texas state senator (1851–1853)49,304807 sq mi
(2,090 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Wilson County.svg
WinklerCounty 495 Kermit 1887 Tom Green County Clinton Winkler, an appeals court judge, Texas state representative, and Confederate colonel7,574841 sq mi
(2,178 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Winkler County.svg
WiseCounty 497 Decatur 1856 Cooke County Henry Alexander Wise, the U.S. Congressman and future thirty-eighth governor of Virginia (1856–1860) who supported the annexation of Texas 66,181905 sq mi
(2,344 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Wise County.svg
WoodCounty 499 Quitman 1850 Van Zandt County George Tyler Wood, the second governor of Texas (1847–1849)44,314650 sq mi
(1,683 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Wood County.svg
YoakumCounty 501 Plains 1876 Bexar County Henderson King Yoakum (1810–1856), soldier, attorney, and Texas historian8,568800 sq mi
(2,072 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Yoakum County.svg
YoungCounty 503 Graham 1856 Bosque County and Fannin County William Cocke Young, early Texas settler, attorney, sheriff, and United States Marshal 17,979922 sq mi
(2,388 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Young County.svg
ZapataCounty 505 Zapata 1858 Starr County and Webb County José Antonio Zapata, a local rancher and colonel of the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande 14,322997 sq mi
(2,582 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Zapata County.svg
ZavalaCounty 507 Crystal City 1846 Maverick County Lorenzo de Zavala (1788–1836), signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and the first Vice-President of the Republic of Texas11,9481,299 sq mi
(3,364 km2)
Map of Texas highlighting Zavala County.svg

Defunct counties

There have been at least thirty-two counties established by Texas law that no longer exist. These fall into five categories: judicial counties; counties established by the Constitutional Convention of 1868–69; counties never organized which were abolished by legislative act; counties whose territory is no longer considered part of the state; and counties whose names have been changed. [12]

Buchel County, Texas County in the United States

Buchel County was a former Texas county. Its area is now completely contained in the present Brewster County.

Presidio County, Texas County in the United States

Presidio County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 7,818. Its county seat is Marfa. The county was created in 1850 and later organized in 1875. Presidio County is in the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas and is named for the ancient border settlement of Presidio del Norte. It is east from the Mexican border.

Brewster County, Texas County in the United States

Brewster County is a county located in the western part of the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,232. Its county seat and only city is Alpine. The county is named for Colonel Henry Percy Brewster, a Secretary of War for the Republic of Texas.

See also

Related Research Articles

Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the United States federal government for use in computer systems by non-military government agencies and government contractors.

El Paso County, Texas County in the United States

El Paso County is the westernmost county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 800,647, making it the sixth-most populous county in the state of Texas. Its seat is the city of El Paso, the sixth-most populous city in Texas and the 19th-most populous city in the United States. The county was created in 1850 and later organized in 1871.

Dallas County, Texas County in the United States

Dallas County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,368,139. It is Texas' second-most populous county and the ninth-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Dallas, which is also Texas' third-largest city and the ninth-largest city in the United States. The county was founded in 1846 and was possibly named for George Mifflin Dallas, the 11th Vice President of the United States under U.S. President James K. Polk.

Presidio of Santa Barbara place in California listed on National Register of Historic Places

El Presidio Real de Santa Bárbara, also known as the Royal Presidio of Santa Barbara, is a former military installation in Santa Barbara, California, USA. The presidio was built by Spain in 1782, with the mission of defending the Second Military District in California. In modern times, the Presidio serves as a significant tourist attraction, museum and an active archaeological site as part of El Presidio de Santa Barbara State Historic Park.

The government of Texas operates under the Constitution of Texas and consists of a unitary democratic state government operating under a presidential system that uses the Dillon Rule, as well as governments at the county and municipal levels.

Dawson massacre

The Dawson massacre, also called the Dawson expedition, was an incident in which 36 Texian militiamen were killed by Mexican soldiers on September 17, 1842 near San Antonio de Bexar. The event occurred during the Battle of Salado Creek, which ended with a Texan victory. This was among numerous armed conflicts over the area between the Rio Grande and Nueces rivers, which the Republic of Texas tried to control after achieving independence in 1836.

Texas has a total of 254 counties, many cities, and numerous special districts, the most common of which is the independent school district.

References

  1. "How Many Counties are in Your State?". Click and Learn. Archived from the original on 2009-04-22. Retrieved 2009-08-26.
  2. "TSHA: County organization". The Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  3. "TSHA: Kenedy County". The Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  4. "TSHA: Loving County". The Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2011-08-19.
  5. "County government structure". Texas Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2007-04-08. Retrieved 2007-04-27.
  6. "County official information". Texas Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2007-04-06. Retrieved 2007-04-27.
  7. "FIPS Publish 6-4". National Institute of Standards and Technology. Archived from the original on 2013-09-29. Retrieved 2007-04-11.
  8. "EPA County FIPS Code Listing". EPA. Archived from the original on 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-04-09.
  9. 1 2 3 National Association of Counties. "NACo - Find a county". Archived from the original on 2007-02-13. Retrieved 2007-04-26.
  10. "American FactFinder - Results". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017-12-13.
  11. "Texas Association of Counties facts". Texas Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2007-04-08. Retrieved 2007-04-12.
  12. "TSHA Defunct Counties". The Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2007-04-20.

Sources