Budapest, the capital of Hungary has 23 districts (Hungarian : kerület), each with its own municipal government.
Budapest was organized into 10 districts (numbered from I to X) in 1873 after the unification of the cities of Pest, Buda and Óbuda. The districts at that time:
In the 1930s, 4 new districts were organized, numbered from XI to XIV. On 1 January 1950, 7 neighboring towns and 16 villages were annexed to Budapest by creating 9 new districts, so the number of its districts increased to 22. District IV was annexed to District V and the number IV was given to the northernmost newly merged town, Újpest. Former district borders were also partly modified but the old numbering system is still clear on the map. In 1994, Soroksár left District XX, became the newest district and received the number XXIII.
Listed below are the ordinal numbers of the 23 districts of Budapest, their official names (if there is one), and the names of the neighbourhoods within the districts. Each district can be associated with one or more neighbourhoods named after former towns within Budapest.
|District number||District name||Neighborhoods||Sights|
|I.|| Várkerület |
|Buda Castle, Tabán, Gellérthegy, Krisztinaváros, southern Víziváros||Buda Castle, Matthias Church, Hungarian National Gallery, Castle Hill Funicular, Sándor Palace, Fisherman's Bastion, Gellért Hill, Labyrinth of Buda Castle|
|II.||none||Adyliget, Budakeszierdő, Budaliget, Csatárka, Erzsébetliget, Erzsébettelek, Felhévíz, Gercse, Hársakalja, Hárshegy, Hűvösvölgy, Kővár, Kurucles, Lipótmező, Máriaremete, Nyék, Országút, Pálvölgy, Pasarét, Pesthidegkút-Ófalu, Petneházy-rét, Remetekertváros, Rézmál, Rózsadomb, Szemlőhegy, Széphalom, Szépilona, Szépvölgy, Törökvész, Újlak, Vérhalom, northern Víziváros, Zöldmál.||Tomb of Gül Baba, Mechwart Park, Cave of Szemlő Hill, Stalactite Cave of Pál Valley, Lukács Bath|
|III.||Óbuda-Békásmegyer||Óbuda, Aquincum, Aranyhegy, Békásmegyer, Csillaghegy, Csúcshegy, Filatorigát, Hármashatár-hegy, Kaszásdűlő, Mátyáshegy, Mocsárosdűlő, Óbudai-sziget, Remetehegy, Rómaifürdő, Solymárvölgy, Szépvölgy, Táborhegy, Testvérhegy, Törökkő, Ürömhegy, Újlak.||Ruins of Aquincum, Aquincum Military Amphitheatre, Római Part (Roman Beach), Zichy Castle|
|IV.|| Újpest |
|Újpest, Megyer, Káposztásmegyer, Székesdűlő, Istvántelek.||Queen of Heavens Church, Synagogue of Újpest, Water Tower of Újpest|
|V.|| Belváros-Lipótváros |
(Inner City-Leopold Town)
|Inner City, Lipótváros||Parliament, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Gresham Palace, St. Stephen's Basilica, Vigadó Concert Hall, Ethnographic Museum, Hungarian National Bank, Károlyi Garden|
|VI.|| Terézváros |
|Terézváros||Andrássy Avenue, Hungarian State Opera House, House of Terror Museum, St. Theresa of Ávila Church.|
|VII.|| Erzsébetváros |
|Erzsébetváros||Dohány Street Synagogue, Rumbach Street Synagogue, Kazinczy Street Synagogue, St. Elizabeth of Árpád House Church, Reformed Church of Fasor, Madách Theatre, Gozsdu udvar, Hungária Bath (today: Continental Hotel Zara), New York Palace (today: Boscolo Budapest Hotel)|
|VIII.|| Józsefváros |
|Józsefváros, Kerepesdűlő, Tisztviselőtelep||Hungarian National Museum, Erkel Theatre, Orczy Garden, Botanic Garden, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Kerepesi Cemetery|
|IX.|| Ferencváros |
|Ferencváros, Gubacsidűlő, József Attila-lakótelep||National Theatre, Palace of Arts, Kálvin Square Reformed Church, Assisi St. Francis Church, Zwack Unicum Museum, Ráday Street, Holocaust Memorial Center, Museum of Applied Arts|
|X.|| Kőbánya |
|Felsőrákos, Gyárdűlő, Keresztúridűlő, Kőbánya-Kertváros||Népliget (People's Park), Planetarium, St. László Church, Csősztorony (Keeper Tower)|
|XI.|| Újbuda |
|Albertfalva, Dobogó, Gazdagrét, Gellérthegy, Hosszúrét, Kamaraerdő, Kelenföld, Kelenvölgy, Kőérberek, Lágymányos, Madárhegy, Őrmező, Örsöd, Péterhegy, Pösingermajor, Sasad, Sashegy, Spanyolrét, Tabán||Gellért Hill, Citadella, Liberty Statue, Budapest University of Technology and Economics St. Gellért Church, Kopaszi Dike|
|XII.|| Hegyvidék |
|Budakeszierdő, Csillebérc, Farkasrét, Farkasvölgy, Istenhegy, Jánoshegy, Kissvábhegy, Krisztinaváros, Kútvölgy, Magasút, Mártonhegy, Németvölgy, Orbánhegy, Sashegy, Svábhegy, Széchenyihegy, Virányos.||Elizabeth Lookout Tower, Normafa|
|XIII.||none||Újlipótváros, Angyalföld, Vizafogó, Népsziget, Göncz Árpád városközpont||Comedy Theatre, St. Margaret of Árpád House Church, Our Lady of Mount Carmel Church|
|XIV.||Zugló||Alsórákos, Herminamező, Istvánmező, Kiszugló, Nagyzugló, Rákosfalva, Törökőr, City Park||City Park, Heroes' Square, Zoo, Széchenyi Medicinal Bath, Gundel Restaurant, Vajdahunyad Castle, Petőfi Hall, Museum of Fine Arts, Hall of Art, Transport Museum, Municipal Grand Circus, Petőfi Hall, Ferenc Puskás Stadium|
|XV.||none||Rákospalota, Pestújhely, Újpalota||Water Tower|
|XVI.||none||Mátyásföld, Sashalom, Cinkota, Rákosszentmihály, Árpádföld, Kisszentmihály, Ilonatelep, Petőfikert, Nagyiccetelep, Szentgyörgytelep, Szabadságtelep, Huszkatelep||Mátyásföld Airport,|
|XVII.||Rákosmente||Rákoskeresztúr, Rákoscsaba, Rákoscsaba-Újtelep, Rákosliget, Rákoshegy, Rákoskert, Akadémiaújtelep, Madárdomb, Régiakadémiatelep||Statue of Heroes, Statue of Pope John Paul II, Rákos Stream, Merzse Marsh|
|XVIII.|| Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre |
(Pest Saint Lawrence-Pest Saint Emeric)
|Pestszentlőrinc, Pestszentimre||Ferenc Liszt Airport, Sándor Petőfi Statue|
|XIX. kerület|| Kispest |
|Kispest, Wekerletelep||Our Lady Church of Kispest|
|XX.|| Pesterzsébet |
|Gubacsipuszta, Kossuthfalva, Pacsirtatelep, Pesterzsébet, Pesterzsébet-Szabótelep||St. Elizabeth of Árpád House Church, Statue of Lajos Kossuth|
|XXI.||Csepel||Csepel||Little Our Lady Church, Tamariska Hill|
|XXII.||Budafok-Tétény||Budatétény, Nagytétény, Budafok||Czuba-Durozier Castle, Nagytétény Castle, Sacelláry Castle, Törley Castle, Törley Mausoleum, Memento Park|
|XXIII.||Soroksár||Soroksár||Heroes' Statue, Molnár Island|
|non-district|| Margit-sziget |
|Margit-sziget||Dominican Monastery ruins, Franciscan Monastery ruins, Premonstratensian Convent, Water Tower, Japanese Garden, Alfréd Hajós National Swimming Stadium, Palatinus Swimming Pool, Musical Fountain|
|District||Name||Population (2016)||Area (km2)||Population density (people per km2)|
|I. kerület||Várkerület ("Castle District")||25,196||3.41||7388.8|
|III. kerület||Óbuda-Békásmegyer ("Old Buda-Békásmegyer")||130,415||39.70||3285.0|
|IV. kerület||Újpest ("New Pest")||101,558||18.82||5396.2|
|V. kerület||Belváros-Lipótváros ("Inner City - Leopold Town")||26,284||2.59||10,148.2|
|VI. kerület||Terézváros ("Theresa Town")||38,504||2.38||16,178.1|
|VII. kerület||Erzsébetváros ("Elisabeth Town")||53,381||2.09||25,541.1|
|VIII. kerület||Józsefváros ("Joseph Town")||76,811||6.85||11,213.2|
|IX. kerület||Ferencváros ("Francis Town")||59,056||12.53||4713.1|
|X. kerület||Kőbánya ("Quarry")||78,414||32.49||2413.4|
|XI. kerület||Újbuda ("New Buda")||151,812||33.49||4533.0|
|XII. kerület||Hegyvidék ("Highlands")||58,171||26.67||2181.1|
|XIII. kerület||Angyalföld-Újlipótváros-Vizafogó ("Angel's Field - New Leopold Town - Beluga Catching Area")||120,256||13.43||8954.2|
|XVIII. kerület||Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre ("Saint Lawrence by Pest - Saint Emeric by Pest")||101,738||38.60||2635.6|
|XIX. kerület||Kispest ("Little Pest")||60,731||9.38||6474.5|
|XX. kerület||Pesterzsébet ("Elisabeth by Pest")||65,321||12.19||5385.5|
District I is a small area in central Buda (the western side), including the historic Castle. District II is in Buda again, in the northwest, and District III stretches along in the northernmost part of Buda.
To reach District IV, one must cross the Danube to find it in Pest (the eastern side), also at north. With District V, another circle begins: it is located in the absolute centre of Pest. Districts VI, VII, VIII and IX are the neighbouring areas to the east, going southwards, one after the other.
District X is another, more external circle also in Pest, while one must jump to the Buda side again to find Districts XI and XII, going northwards. No more districts remaining in Buda in this circle, we must turn our steps to Pest again to find Districts XIII, XIV, XV, XVI, XVII, XVIII, XIX and XX (mostly external city parts), almost regularly in a semicircle, going southwards again.
District XXI is the extension of the above route over a branch of the Danube, the northern tip of a long island (Csepel-sziget) south from Budapest. District XXII is still on the same route in southwest Buda, and finally District XXIII is again in southernmost Pest, irregular only because it was part of District XX until the mid-90s.
Budapest I – Várkerület
Budapest III – Óbuda-Békásmegyer
District IV – Újpest
Budapest V – Belváros-Lipótváros
Budapest VI – Terézváros
Budapest VII – Erzsébetváros
Budapest VIII – Józsefváros
Budapest IX – Ferencváros
Budapest X – Kőbánya
Budapest XI – Újbuda
Budapest XII – Hegyvidék
Budapest XIV – Zugló
Budapest XVII – Rákosmente
Budapest XVIII – Pestszentlőrinc-Pestszentimre
Budapest XIX – Kispest
Budapest XX – Pesterzsébet
Budapest XXI – Csepel
Budapest XXII – Budafok-Tétény
Budapest XXIII – Soroksár
Buda was the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Hungary and since 1873 has been the western part of the Hungarian capital Budapest, on the west bank of the Danube. Buda comprises a third of Budapest's total territory and is in fact mostly wooded. Landmarks include Buda Castle, the Citadella, and the president of Hungary's residence, Sándor Palace.
Pest is the eastern, mostly flat part of Budapest, Hungary, comprising about two thirds of the city's territory. It is separated from Buda and Óbuda, the western parts of Budapest, by the Danube River. Among its most notable sights are the Inner City, the Hungarian Parliament Building, Heroes' Square and Andrássy Avenue. In colloquial Hungarian, "Pest" is often used for the whole capital of Budapest. The three parts of Budapest united in 1873.
Óbuda was a city in Hungary that was merged with Buda and Pest on 17 November 1873; it now forms part of District III-Óbuda-Békásmegyer of Budapest. The name means Old Buda in Hungarian. The name in Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian for this city is Stari Budim, but the local Croat minority calls it Obuda.
Kőbánya is the 10th district of Budapest and one of the largest by territory. It is located in southeast Pest, easily accessible from the downtown by Metro 3, whose terminus is named Kőbánya-Kispest.
Csepel is the 21st district and a neighbourhood in Budapest, Hungary. Csepel officially became part of Budapest on 1 January 1950.
Erzsébetváros is the 7th district of Budapest, situated on the Pest side of the Danube. The inner half of the district was the historic Jewish quarter of Pest. The Dohány Street Synagogue, the largest functioning synagogue in Europe, is located in this district. Currently it is the most densely populated district of Budapest with 29,681.3 person per km2. In 1910 Erzsébetváros had 152,454 inhabitants. During the socialist era Erzsébetváros's population decreased rapidly, because young people and families moved to the newer "panelized" boom districts. Gentrification and recovery started in the middle of the 2000s.
Ráckeve is a town on Csepel Island in the county of Pest County, Hungary. Its residents are Magyars, with minority of Serbs.
Szigetszentmiklós is a city in Pest county, Hungary with around 40,000 inhabitants.
Dunakeszi is a city in Pest county, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary. It is located to the north of Budapest on the left bank of the Danube.
Vecsés is a town of 20,550 inhabitants in Budapest metropolitan area, Pest county, Hungary, situated adjacent to Budapest's Ferihegy Airport.
The North-south regional rapid railway is a railway construction plan in Budapest, modelled on the Paris RER or German S-Bahn systems. Its aim is to connect three of the Budapest Helyiérdekű Vasút (BHÉV) suburban train lines, from Szentendre, Ráckeve and Csepel. The plan is also called Metro 5.
District V is the heart of Budapest and the political, financial, commercial and touristic center of Hungary. The name of the district is Belváros-Lipótváros, which refers to the two historical neighbourhoods that is located in the district; Belváros and Lipótváros . Inner City is the old town of Pest, while Leopold Town was established in the early 19th century, and became the political and financial centre of Hungary in the early 20th century when the Hungarian Parliament was built. The two neighbourhoods were originally the 4th and 5th districts of Budapest until 1950 when the two districts were merged and number IV was given to Újpest.
The 1st District of Budapest is the Castle District and is the historical part of the Buda side of Budapest. It consists of the Buda Castle Hill and some other neighborhoods around it, like Tabán, Krisztinaváros and parts of Gellért Hill.
Terézváros is the District VI of Budapest, and was named after Queen Maria Theresa in 1777, who visited the neighbourhood 26 years earlier in 1751. The territory was first inhabited in the early 18th century when the old town of Pest was already fully built, so that people had to inhabit lands outside the city. Terézváros was one of the ten districts that were formed when the city of Budapest was created in 1873.
Today Terézváros is the second in population density after the neighbouring Erzsébetváros. Terézváros is meanwhile the second smallest district. Both districts are famous for their night life.
Óbuda-Békásmegyer is the 3rd district of Budapest, Hungary.