List of fossil sites

Last updated

This list of fossil sites is a worldwide list of localities known well for the presence of fossils. Some entries in this list are notable for a single, unique find, while others are notable for the large number of fossils found there. Many of the entries in this list are considered Lagerstätten (sedimentary deposits that exhibits extraordinary fossils with exceptional preservation—sometimes including preserved soft tissues). Lagerstätten are indicated by a note ( [Note 1] ) in the noteworthiness column.

Contents

Fossils may be found either associated with a geological formation or at a single geographic site. Geological formations consist of rock that was deposited during a specific period of time. They usually extend for large areas, and sometimes there are different important sites in which the same formation is exposed. Such sites may have separate entries if they are considered to be more notable than the formation as a whole. In contrast, extensive formations associated with large areas may be equivalently represented at many locations. Such formations may be listed either without a site, with a site or sites that represent the type locality, or with multiple sites of note. When a type locality is listed as the site for a formation with many good outcrops, the site is flagged with a note ( [Note 2] ). When a particular site of note is listed for an extensive fossil-bearing formation, but that site is somehow atypical, it is also flagged with a note ( [Note 3] ).

Many formations are for all practical purposes only studied at a single site, and may not even be named. For example, sites associated with hominin, particularly caves, are frequently not identified with a named geologic formation. Therefore, some sites are listed without an associated formation.

List of sites

SiteGroup, Formation, or UnitAgeContinentCountryNoteworthiness
Afar Depression Pliocene Africa Ethiopia
Buia, Danakil Depression Pleistocene Africa Eritrea Hominin
Ahl al Oughlam Late Pliocene Africa Morocco
Ameki Formation Middle Eocene Africa Nigeria
Awash River Pliocene Africa Ethiopia Hominin
Cradle of Humankind PliocenePleistocene Africa South Africa Hominin
Karoo Supergroup: Elliot Formation TriassicJurassic Africa South Africa Dinosaurs
Karoo Supergroup: Bahariya Formation Late Cretaceous Africa Egypt Dinosaurs
Karoo Supergroup: Clarens Formation Early Jurassic Africa South Africa Dinosaurs, Dinosaur eggs, Bony fish
Karoo Supergroup: Molteno Formation Late Triassic Africa South Africa
Elrhaz Formation Early Cretaceous Africa Niger Dinosaurs
Hadar Formation Pliocene Africa Ethiopia
Bouri Formation Pleistocene Africa Ethiopia Hominin
Hoedjiespunt Pleistocene Africa South Africa Hominin
Hoffmeyr Pleistocene Africa South Africa Hominin
Alnif Cambrian – Late Permian Africa Morocco Trilobites
Jebel Irhoud Pleistocene Africa Morocco Hominin
Jebel Qatrani Formation EoceneOligocene Africa Egypt Mammals, birds
Golden Gate Highlands National Park Karoo Supergroup PermianEarly Jurassic Africa Southern Africa
Klasies River Caves Pleistocene (Middle stone age) Africa South Africa Hominin: Early Humans
Koobi Fora PliocenePleistocene Africa Kenya Hominin, stone tools
Koro Toro Pliocene Africa Chad Hominin
Laetoli PliocenePleistocene Africa Tanzania Hominin footprints
Ledi-Geraru Pliocene (Piacenzian) Africa Ethiopia Hominin: LD 350-1, oldest fossil in genus Homo [1]
Lothagam MiocenePliocene Africa Kenya Hominin and other mammals
Maevarano Formation Late Cretaceous Africa Madagascar Dinosaurs (Non-Avian), Crocodylomorphs
Kem Kem Beds Late Cretaceous Africa Morocco Non-Avian Dinosaurs, Crocodylomorphs, etc.
Kamabai rock shelter Pleistocene Africa Sierra Leone Hominin tools
Olduvai Gorge Pliocene Africa Tanzania Hominin
Omo Kibish Formation (= Kibish Formation) PliocenePleistocene Africa Ethiopia Hominin: australopithecine remains and stone tools
Orapa Late Cretaceous Africa Botswana Flowering Plants, Insects
Qasr el Sagha Formation Eocene Africa Egypt
Rusinga Island Miocene Africa Kenya Hominin, mammals
Shungura Formation Pliocene – Early Pleistocene Africa Ethiopia Hominin tools
Taung Pliocene Africa South Africa Hominin
Tegana Formation Early Cretaceous Africa Morocco Non-Avian Dinosaurs
Tendaguru Formation Late Jurassic Africa Tanzania Non-Avian Dinosaurs, etc.
Usno Formation Pliocene – Early Pleistocene Africa Ethiopia
West Coast Fossil Park Terminal Miocene/Early Pliocene Africa South Africa
Yengema cave Neolithic Africa Sierra Leone Hominin tools
Seymour Island Cross Valley Formation Late Paleocene Antarctica
Seymour Island [Note 2] La Meseta Formation Eocene Antarctica Birds, particularly penguins
Seymour Island López de Bertodano Formation Late Cretaceous – Early Paleocene (MaastrichtianDanian) Antarctica Non- Avian Dinosaurs, Birds
Seymour Island [Note 2] Sobral Formation Paleocene (Danian) Antarctica
Vega Island López de Bertodano Formation Late Cretaceous – Early Paleocene (Maastrichtian – Danian) Antarctica Non-Avian Dinosaurs, Birds
Longing Peninsula Nordenskjöld Formation Jurassic Antarctica
Hanson Formation Early Jurassic Antarctica Dinosaurs, prosauropods, trees
Prebble Formation Middle Jurassic Antarctica
James Ross Island Late Cretaceous Antarctica Dinosaurs
Falla Formation Triassic Antarctica
Fremouw Formation Triassic Antarctica
Cumulus Hills Thrinaxodon Col Triassic Antarctica
Ashfall Fossil Beds Ash Hollow Formation (Ogallala Group) Miocene (Clarendonian) North America USA: Nebraska Mammals [Note 1]
Astoria Formation Miocene North America USA: Oregon
Page-Ladson (Aucilla River) Pleistocene/Holocene North America USA: Florida Hominin, human/mastodon coexistence
Austin Chalk Late Cretaceous North America USA: Texas
Aztec Sandstone Early Jurassic North America USA: Nevada, California Dinosaurs
Bainbridge Formation Silurian North America USA: Missouri
Bakken Formation Late Devonian – Early Carboniferous (Early Mississippian) North America USA: Montana, North Dakota and Canada: Saskatchewan
Cleveland's Glen, Oneida County, New York Beecher's Trilobite Bed Ordovician North America USA: New York Trilobites [Note 1]
Bighill Creek Formation Late Pleistocene North America Canada
Big Sandy Formation Miocene North America USA: Arizona
Mount Blanco [Note 2] Blanco Formation Pliocene/Pleistocene North America USA: Kansas, Texas Blancan fauna
Blue Beach Tournaisian North America Canada: Nova Scotia [Note 1]
Bobcaygeon Formation Ordovician North America Canada: Ontario
Bone Cabin Quarry Jurassic North America USA: Wyoming Non-Avian Dinosaurs
Bone Valley Formation Miocene-Pliocene North America USA: Florida
Breathitt Group Pennsylvanian (Late Carboniferous) North America USA: Kentucky
Bridger Formation Eocene North America USA: Wyoming
Bromide Formation Ordovician (Sandbian) North America USA: Oklahoma Trilobites, Echinoderms
Brule Formation Oligocene North America USA: South Dakota Mammals, sunfish, cat fish
Kootenay National Park [Note 2] Burgess Shale Cambrian (Albertan) North America Canada: British Columbia [Note 1]
Calvert Cliffs State Park [Note 2] Calvert Formation Miocene North America USA: Maryland Middle Miocene Climate Transition and Middle Miocene disruption
Cannonball Formation Paleocene North America USA: North Dakota
Cañón del Tule Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America Mexico
Cedar Mountain Formation Cretaceous North America USA: Colorado and Utah Non-Avian Dinosaurs, Amphibians, Fish, Mammals, other reptiles
Cerro del Pueblo Formation Cretaceous (Campanian) North America Mexico Dinosaurs, etc.
Cerro Grande Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America Mexico
Cerro Huerta Formation Cretaceous (Campanian-Maastrichtian) North America Mexico
Chandler Bridge Formation Late Oligocene (Chattian) North America USA: South Carolina
Goodsell Ridge, Isle La Motte (Lake Champlain) [Note 2] Chazy Formation Ordovician North America USA: Vermont Early Reef: bryozoa, corals, stromatoporoids
Chuckanut Formation Eocene North America USA: Washington state Fossil trackways from birds, mammals and turtles
Cincinnatian GroupLate Ordovician North America USA: Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky
Clarita Formation Silurian North America USA: Oklahoma
Clinton Group Silurian North AmericaUSA: New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Virginia
Como Bluff Cloverly Formation Early Cretaceous North America USA: Montana, Wyoming Non-Avian Dinosaurs, some mammals, turtles, crocodilians, and fish
Cobourg Formation Ordovician North AmericaCanada: Ontario
Coon Creek Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America USA: Tennessee and Mississippi
  • Marine reptiles, particularly mosasaurs and plesiosaurs
  • Invertebrates: Turritella (sea snails), bryozoans, clams, crabs, shrimp and some sharks
Cooper FormationLate Oligocene (Chattian) North America USA: South Carolina
Dakota Formation Late Cretaceous North America USA: Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, Wisconsin Some Non-Avian Dinosaurs and Dinosaur tracks
Decorah Shale

(Galena Group)

Ordovician North America USA: Minnesota and Upper Midwest[ ambiguous ] Trilobites, brachiopods, horn corals, gastropods, crinoids, and bryozoans
Delorme Formation Silurian-Devonian North America Canada: Yukon
Demopolis Chalk Formation Cretaceous North America USA: Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee
Denali National Park and Preserve [Note 3] Cantwell Formation Late Cretaceous North America USA:Alaska Non-Avian Dinosaur tracks, [2] plants, insects
Dinosaur Provincial Park [Note 2] Dinosaur Park Formation Cretaceous (Campanian) North America Canada: Alberta Non- Avian Dinosaurs
Dinosaur State Park Jurassic North America USA: Connecticut Dinosaur tracks
Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park Eocene North America Canada: British Columbia Insects and fish
Drumheller, Badlands Mesozoic North America Canada: Alberta
Ellisdale Fossil Site [Note 3] Marshalltown Formation Cretaceous (Campanian) North America USA: New Jersey [Note 1]
Eutaw Formation Cretaceous North America USA: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi Dinosaur, mosasaur, and pterosaur
Falls of the Ohio [Note 3] Jefferson Limestone Devonian North America USA: IndianaCorals (Tabulate coral and Rugosa
Florissant Fossil Beds Florissant Formation Eocene (Priabonian) North America USA: Colorado
Fossil Prairie Park Devonian North America USA: Iowa
Mazon Creek Francis Creek Shale Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) North America USA: Illinois [Note 1]
Ghost Ranch Triassic North America USA: New Mexico Non-Avian Dinosaurs [Note 1]
Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument Glenns Ferry Formation Pliocene/Pleistocene North America USA: Idaho Hagerman horse ('American Zebra'), Camelops
Dinosaur Valley State Park [Note 2] Glen Rose Formation Cretaceous (Aptian-Albian) North America USA: Texas Dinosaur footprints
Gower Formation Silurian North America USA: Iowa
Gray Fossil Site Miocene North America USA: Tennessee Mammals
Green River Formation Eocene North America USA: Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming [Note 1]
Fossil Butte National Monument [Note 3] Green River Formation Eocene North America USA: Utah, Colorado, and Wyoming Fishes [Note 1]
Gunflint Chert Late Archaean – Early Proterozoic North America Canada: western Ontario & USA: Minnesota (Gunflint Range) Stromatolite colonies of cyanobacteria
Hawthorne Formation Miocene North America USA: South Carolina[verification needed] to Florida
Hell Creek Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America USA: Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming
Hilda mega-bonebed [Note 3] Dinosaur Park Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America Canada: Alberta Dinosaurs
Hornerstown Formation Cretaceous/Paleocene North America USA: New Jersey
Huerfano Formation Eocene North America USA: Colorado
Hungry Hollow Formation Devonian North America Canada: Ontario
Joggins Fossil Cliffs Carboniferous North America Canada: Nova Scotia [Note 1]
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument John Day Formation Oligocene - Miocene North America USA: Oregon

Mammals: dogs, cats, oreodonts, saber-toothed cats, horses, camels, and rodents

* Jurassic National Monument in the San Rafael Swell Morrison Formation Jurassic North America USA: Utah Non- Avian Dinosaurs and other vertebrates
Clarno Unit, John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Clarno Formation Eocene North America USA: Oregon Plants: tropical and subtropical nuts, fruits, roots, branches, and seeds
Judith River Formation Cretaceous (Campanian) North America USA: Montana
Kanawha Formation Pennsylvanian North America USA: West Virginia
  • Zion National Park
  • Capitol Reef National Park
  • Canyonlands National Park
Kayenta Formation (Glen Canyon Group) Jurassic North America USA: Arizona, Colorado, Nevada, and Utah Non- Avian Dinosaurs and other vertebrates
Keasey Formation Late Eocene/Early Oligocene[verification needed]North AmericaUSA: Oregon
Klondike Mountain near Republic, Washington [Note 2] Klondike Mountain Formation Eocene (Ypresian) North America USA: Washington Plants and Insects [Note 1]
Krukowski Quarry Cambrian North America USA: Wisconsin
La Brea Tar Pits Pleistocene (Rancholabrean) North America USA: California [Note 1]
Lance Formation (= Lance Creek Fm.) Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America USA: North Dakota and Wyoming
Las Encinas Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America Mexico
Las Imágenes Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) North America Mexico
Hadrosaurus Foulkii Leidy Site Woodbury Formation Cretaceous North America USA: New Jersey Dinosaurs: Hadrosaurus
Lennep Formation Cretaceous North America USA: Montana
Lindsay Formation Ordovician North America Canada: Ontario
Linton Formation Carboniferous (Pennsylvanian) North America USA: Ohio
Lockatong Formation Triassic North America USA: New Jersey
Ludlow Formation (= Slope Fm.) Paleocene: Tiffanian North America USA: North Dakota[verification needed]
The Mammoth Site Pleistocene: Rancholabrean North America USA: South Dakota [Note 1]
Manchester Quarry Triassic North America USA: Connecticut
Manuels River Cambrian North America Canada: Newfoundland Trilobites
Mascall Formation Miocene North America USA: Oregon
Mattoon Formation Pennsylvanian North America USA: Illinois
McAbee Fossil Beds Eocene North America Canada: British Columbia [Note 1] Plants, insects, and fish
McKenzie Formation Silurian North America USA: West Virginia
Medina Formation Silurian North America USA: New York and Canada: Ontario
Melbourne Bone Bed Pleistocene North America USA: Florida Megafauna, Hominin (the "Melbourne Man")
Miguasha National Park Devonian (Famennian) North America Canada: Québec [Note 1]
Mistaken Point Mistaken Point Formation Ediacaran North America Canada Ediacara biota (early multicellular life)
Mooreville Chalk Formation Cretaceous North America USA: Alabama and Mississippi
Monterey Formation Miocene North America USA: California
Como Bluff Morrison Formation Late Jurassic North America Canada/United States (Great Plains)
Naco Formation Pennsylvanian, Desmoinesian North America USA: Arizona
Nanjemoy Formation Eocene North America USA: Virginia
Navesink Formation Cretaceous North America USA: New Jersey Non Avian Dinosaurs and shell beds
Niobrara Formation Cretaceous North America USA: Kansas, Nebraska Marine reptiles [Note 1]
Nye Formation Miocene North America USA: Oregon
Edson Quarry Ogallala Formation Miocene/Pliocene North America USA: Kansas
Ogallala Formation Miocene/Pliocene North America USA: Texas
Oldman Formation Cretaceous (Campanian) North America Canada: Alberta Non- Avian Dinosaurs
Champlain Bridge (Ottawa), Quebec side Pamelia Formation Late Ordovician North America Canada: Quebec, Gatineau, Aylmer
Pikeville Formation Pennsylvanian North America USA: Kentucky
Pipe Creek Sinkhole Pliocene North America USA: Indiana
Pittsburg Bluff Formation Late Eocene/Early Oligocene[verification needed] North America USA: Oregon
Minehaha Falls State Park Platteville Limestone Ordovician North America USA: Minnesota
Minneapolis–Saint Paul (Mississippi River bluffs) Platteville Limestone Ordovician North America USA: Minnesota
Pocahontas Formation Pennsylvanian North America USA: West Virginia, Virginia
Burgoon Run in Blair County, Pennsylvania [Note 2] Pocono Formation Carboniferous (Mississippian) North America USA: Maryland, Pennsylvania, West Virginia
Price West FormationEarly Mississippian North America USA: West Virginia
Puget Group Late Eocene North America USA: Washington
Lee Creek Mine Pungo River Formation Miocene North America USA: North Carolina
Purgatoire River track site Late Jurassic North AmericaUSA: Colorado Dinosaurs: Footprints
Quarry Mountain Formation Silurian North America USA: Oklahoma
Rancho Nuevo Formation CretaceousPaleocene (Maastrichtian-Danian) North America Mexico
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument Rattlesnake Formation Miocene (Tortonian-Messinian) North America USA: Oregon
Red Gulch Dinosaur Tracksite Sundance Formation Middle Jurassic North AmericaUSA: Wyoming Dinosaurs: Footprints
Rexroad Formation Pliocene North America USA: Kansas
Rincón Colorado Cretaceous North America Mexico: Coahuila
Ripley Formation Cretaceous North AmericaUSA: Alabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
Rosebud Formation Miocene North AmericaUSA: South Dakota
Round Mountain Silt Middle Miocene (Barstovian) North America USA: California
Walcott-Rust quarry Rust FormationLate Ordovician North America USA: New York [Note 1]
San Diego Formation Middle-Late Pliocene[verification needed] North America USA: California
Schoonmaker Reef and Soldiers' Home Reef Silurian North AmericaUSA: Wisconsin Reefs (the first discovered in North America)
Sentinel Butte Formation Paleocene[verification needed] North America USA: North Dakota [verification needed]
Sheep Creek Formation Miocene North America USA: Nebraska
St. Clair Limestone Silurian North America USA: Arkansas
St. Peter Sandstone Ordovician North America USA: Minnesota, Missouri, Illinois, Nebraska, South Dakota
Syracuse Formation Silurian North America USA: New York
Como Bluff Sundance Formation Late Jurassic North America USA: Wyoming
Path 15 bone bed, San Joaquin Valley Temblor Formation Miocene North America USA: California
Tepetate Formation Cretaceous – Middle Eocene North America Mexico
Wichita Falls [Note 2] Texas Red Beds Permian North America USA: Texas Tetrapods
Thomas Farm Site Miocene North America USA: Florida
Wannagan Creek site, Theodore Roosevelt National Park Tongue River Formation (= Bullion Creek Fm.) Paleocene: Tiffanian North America USA: North Dakota Mammals, reptiles, birds
Traverse Group (Petoskey) Devonian North AmericaUSA: Michigan
Trenton Group Ordovician North America Canada: Quebec
Tuscarora Formation Silurian North America USA: Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia
Egg Mountain site [Note 3] Two Medicine Formation Cretaceous (Campanian) North America USA: Montana Dinosaurs, particularly eggs and young
Washakie Formation Eocene North America USA: Wyoming
Wheeler Amphitheater in Millard County, Utah [Note 2] Wheeler Shale Cambrian North America USA: Utah Trilobites [Note 1]
Whitby Formation Ordovician North America Canada: Ontario
White River Formation Late Eocene – mid-Oligocene North America USA: Colorado
Widder Formation Devonian North America Canada: Ontario
Willwood Formation Paleocene/Eocene North AmericaUSA: Wyoming Trace fossils
Woodbine Formation Cretaceous (Cenomanian)North AmericaUSA: Texas Dinosaurs and crocodilians
Woodbury Formation Cretaceous (Cenomanian)North AmericaUSA: Haddonfield, New Jersey
Ziegler Reservoir fossil site ('Snowmastodon Site') Pleistocene (Illinoian (stage))North AmericaUSA: Colorado Mastodon and other ice age vertebrates
Zion National Park Navajo Sandstone TriassicJurassic North AmericaUSA: Utah ?
Zuni Basin Cretaceous North AmericaUSA: New Mexico
Agate Fossil Beds National Monument Arikaree Group
  • Gering Formation
  • Monroe Creek formation
  • Harrison Formation
Miocene North AmericaUSA: Nebraska
Potomac River Aquia Formation Paleocene North AmericaUSA: Maryland and Virginia
Arkona Shale Devonian North America Canada: Ontario
Waco Mammoth National Monument Pleistocene North America USA:Texas
Tanis Hell Creek Formation End of Cretaceous/start of Cenozoic (65.76 Ma ± 0.15 Mya) North America United States Apparent Lagerstätte and killing field capturing the first minutes and hours after the Chicxulub impactor and initiation of the KPg extinction event
Balabansai Formation Late Jurassic Asia Kazakhstan Dinosaurs
Barun Goyot Formation Late Cretaceous Asia Mongolia
Bayan Shireh Formation Late Cretaceous Asia Mongolia
Baynunah Formation Late Miocene Asia United Arab Emirates
Bissekty Formation Cretaceous Asia Uzbekistan
Bostobynskaya Formation (= Bostobe Formation) Late Cretaceous (Turonian–Campanian)Asia Kazakhstan Dinosaurs
Bugti Hills Oligocene Asia Pakistan Mammals (Haplorhini)
Chaomidianzi Formation Early Cretaceous (Barremian-Aptian) Asia China
Dabeigou Formation Cretaceous Asia China
Rizal, Kalinga Pleistocene Asia Philippines Hominin
Callao Cave, Cagayan Valley Pleistocene Asia Philippines Hominin
Tabon Cave, Palawan Pleistocene Asia Philippines Hominin
Dainichi Formation Late Pliocene Asia Japan
Dashanpu Formation Middle Jurassic Asia China Dinosaurs
Dashuigou Formation Early Cretaceous Asia China Dinosaurs
Flaming Cliffs [Note 2] Djadochta Formation Late Cretaceous Asia Mongolia Dinosaurs, eggs
Dumugol FormationEarly Ordovician Asia Korea
Ejinhoro Formation Early Cretaceous AsiaChina Dinosaurs
Es Skhul Pliocene Asia Israel: Mount Carmel Hominin
Fangou Formation Paleocene AsiaChina
Hakel Cretaceous Asia Lebanon
Huadian Formation Eocene Asia China
Indricotherium Formation Oligocene Asia Kazakhstan
Irdin Manha Formation Eocene Asia Mongolia
Iren Dabasu Formation Late Cretaceous Asia China Dinosaurs
Iwaki Formation Early Oligocene Asia Japan
Jindong Formation Cretaceous Asia Korea
Jiufotang Formation Early Cretaceous Asia China Feathered dinosaurs, birds, pterosaurs
Kampong Trach cave Miocene Asia Cambodia
Khukhtek Formation Early Cretaceous Asia Mongolia Dinosaurs
Balasinor (Raiyoli) Asia India Dinosaurs
Deh Alireza, Kerman Jurassic Asia Iran Dinosaur footprints, fish
Kishima Group
  • Daimyoji Formation
  • Funazu Formation
  • Itanoura Formation
  • Kakinoura Formation
  • Kishima Formation
  • Magome Formation
  • Matsushima Formation
  • Okinoshima Formation
  • Oshima Formation
Late Eocene/Early OligoceneAsiaJapan
Kitadani Quarry Kitadani Formation Early CretaceousAsiaJapan
Kızılırmak Formation [3] Tortonian Asia Turkey: Evren, Ankara
Kota Formation Early Jurassic Asia India
Tategahana, Lake Nojiri Pleistocene (Paleolithic) Asia JapanPaleolithic artifacts
Lameta Formation Late Cretaceous Asia India
Lang Trang Caves Pleistocene Asia Vietnam
Liang Bua Cave Pleistocene Asia Indonesia: Flores Hominin
Lufeng Formation Jurassic Asia China
Luoping [4] Middle Triassic Asia China: Yunnan
Chengjiang County Maotianshan Shales Cambrian Asia China [Note 1]
Minatogawa Limestone Quarry Neogene Asia Japan Hominin
Nagura Formation Middle Miocene Asia Japan
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park Late Jurassic-Paleogene Asia India
Maleri Formation Late Triassic Asia India
Minhe Formation Late Cretaceous Asia China Dinosaurs
Nemegt Formation Late Cretaceous Asia Mongolia Dinosaur fossil, Riverine animals: fish, turtles, crocodilians, birds
Ngandong (Bengawan Solo River) Pleistocene Asia Indonesia: Java Hominin: Solo Man
Oi Formation Early Miocene Asia Japan
Qafzeh cave Pliocene Asia Israel: Nazareth Hominin
Sambungmacan Pleistocene Asia Indonesia
Sangiran Pleistocene Asia Indonesia Hominin
Shivalik Fossil Park Siwaliks formations Pleistocene Asia India
Sao Khua Formation Early Cretaceous Asia Thailand Dinosaurs
Shishugou Formation Late Jurassic Asia China Dinosaurs
Tabun Cave Pliocene Asia Israel: Mount Carmel Hominin
Tham Khuyen cave Jurassic Asia Vietnam
Tiaojishan Formation Middle Jurassic Asia China Plants, with dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and insects
Trinil Pleistocene Asia Indonesia: Java Hominin, "Java Man"
Tuchengzi Formation Early Cretaceous Asia China
Tugulu Group Early Cretaceous Asia China
Udurchukan Formation Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian?) Asia Russia Dinosaurs
Uhangri Formation Late Cretaceous Asia Korea Pterosaur tracks
Wucaiwan Formation Middle Jurassic Asia China
Xiagou Formation Cretaceous Asia China
Xinminbao Group
  • Chijinbao Formation
  • Digou Formation
  • Zhonggou Formation
Early Cretaceous AsiaChina
Xiushan Formation Early Silurian (Llandovery)AsiaChina: Guizhou
Yamaga Formation Late Oligocene Asia Japan
Yixian Formation Early Cretaceous Asia China [Note 1] Jehol Biota, See also: Paleobiota of the Yixian Formation
Yuliangze Formation Late Cretaceous Asia China
Yushima Formation (= Tatsunokuchi Formation)Early Pliocene Asia Japan
Baissa Zaza Formation Early Cretaceous Asia RussiaInsects: Pterygota
Zhongming Formation Devonian Asia China
Zhoukoudian Pleistocene Asia China Hominin, "Peking Man"
Shanwang National Geological Park Shanwang Formation Miocene Asia China: Shandong Exceptional preservation of external body features such as skin, hair, scales and feathers
Aetokremnos Holocene (Mesolithic) Europe Cyprus
Monte San Giorgio Triassic Europe Switzerland and Italy
Ana Late Cretaceous Europe Spain
Atapuerca Pleistocene (Lower Paleolithic) Europe Spain Hominin
Aust Cliff Triassic Europe EnglandInsects, Rhaetic bone bed
Batallones Miocene Europe Spain Carnivora
Bembridge Marls Oligocene Europe England
Borgloon Formation Oligocene Europe Belgium
Schmerling Caves Holocene Europe Belgium hominin, Engis 2 was the first Neanderthal fossil ever found
Buñol Miocene EuropeSpain
Calizas de La Huérguina Formation Cretaceous (Barremian)EuropeSpain
Ceprano Pleistocene Europe Italy Hominin, Homo cepranensis (single find)
Isernia La Pineta Pleistocene Europe Italy
Baccinello Miocene Europe Italy Hominin: Oreopithecus bambolii
Binagadi asphalt lake Early Pleistocene Europe Azerbaijan Birds, Mammals
Crevillente Miocene Europe Spain
Les Eyzies-de-Tayac-Sireuil Pleistocene EuropeFrance Hominin: Crô-Magnon
Cuevas de los Murciélagos Pleistocene/Holocene EuropeSpain: La Palma, Canary Islands
Dmanisi Pleistocene Europe Georgia Hominin (Homo erectus georgicus), stone tools
Dob's Linn Ordovician-Silurian boundary Europe Scotland Graptolites
Dorkovo Early Pliocene Europe Bulgaria Mastodon
Es Pouás Pleistocene/Holocene Europe Spain: Ibiza (Balearic Islands)
Fossil Grove Limestone Coal Formation (Clackmannan Group) Carboniferous (Serpukhovian) Europe Scotland: GlasgowPlants
Fur Formation Early Eocene Europe Denmark [Note 1]
Gram Formation Middle-Late Miocene Europe Denmark
Gauja Formation Middle Devonian Europe Estonia and Latvia
Geisel valley Eocene Europe Germany
Gilwern Hill Ordovician Europe Wales
Gotland Silurian Europe Sweden
Grès à Reptiles Jurassic Europe France Dinosaurs
Guimarota Late Jurassic Europe Portugal Dinosaurs and mammals
Hampstead Formation Oligocene Europe England
Hunsrück Slates Devonian Europe Germany: Bundenbach [Note 1]
Jurassic Coast Triassic, Jurassic and Cretaceous Europe England Ammonites and reptiles
Kattendijk Sands Pliocene Europe Belgium Auk (birds)
Kostolac-Viminacium Pleistocene Europe Serbia
Kozarnika Pleistocene (Lower Paleolithic) Europe Bulgaria Hominin: Early human symbolic behavior
Hušnjak hill (Krapina) Pleistocene Europe Croatia
La Chapelle-aux-Saints Pleistocene Europe France Hominin: Neanderthal burial
La Ferrassie Pleistocene Europe France Hominin
La Roma Miocene Europe Spain
Las Hoyas Cretaceous Europe Spain Dinosaurs [Note 1]
Liedena Sandstone Late Eocene (Priabonian) Europe Spain: Navarra
Lo Hueco Cretaceous Europe Spain
London Clay Eocene Europe England [Note 1]
Löwenstein Formation Late Triassic Europe Germany Dinosaurs
Lourinhã Formation Late Jurassic Europe Portugal
Lyme Regis Jurassic Europe England: Dorset Jurassic Coast
Maastricht Formation Cretaceous Europe Benelux Dinosaurs
Maltravieso Cave Pleistocene Europe Spain
Mauer Pleistocene Europe Germany Hominin
Messel Pit Messel Oil Shale Eocene Europe Germany Geiseltalian flora and fauna [Note 1]
Monte Bolca Eocene Europe Italy [Note 1]
Murero Cambrian Europe Spain
Neandertal (e.g., Kleine Feldhofer Grotte) Pleistocene Europe Germany Hominin
Oxford Clay Jurassic Europe England Fish and invertebrates
Paris Basin (Argille Plastique)Early Eocene Europe France
Pobiti Kamani Mesozoic Europe Bulgaria
Pontnewydd Cave Pleistocene (Paleolithic) Europe Wales Hominin: Neanderthals
Quercy Phosphorites Eocene/Oligocene Europe France
Repedea Hill Fossil Site Neogene Europe Romania
Cozla Fossil Site Oligocene Europe Romania
Pietricica Fossil Site Oligocene Europe Romania
Cernegura Fossil Site Oligocene Europe Romania
Rhynie, Aberdeenshire Rhynie Chert Devonian Europe ScotlandPlants, Cyanobacteria [Note 1]
Riodeva Jurassic/Cretaceous Europe SpainDinosaurs
Sajóvölgyi Formation Miocene (Serravallian) Europe Hungary
Sânpetru Formation Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Europe Romania
Sansan Miocene Europe France Hominin: Pliopithecus
Santa Ana Cave Pleistocene Europe Spain
Sieblos Dysodil Oligocene Europe Germany
Slieve Anierin Namurian Europe Ireland Goniatites, and Bivalvia, marine and coastal fauna.
Solnhofen limestone Jurassic Europe Germany [Note 1]
Stránská skála Moravian Karst formation Pleistocene Europe Czech Republic:Moravia Marine and coastal fauna, fishes, birds, mammals
Trachilos footprints Miocene Europe Greece Hominin footprints
Turritellenplatte Miocene (mid-Burdigalian) Europe Germany: Baden-Württemberg Gastropods:sea snail Turritella turris
Upper Valdarno Pleistocene (Villafranchian) Europe Italy: Tuscany
Valkenburg Formation Cretaceous Europe Belgium
Donetsk Carboniferous Europe Ukraine Plants
Razdolne Devonian Europe Ukraine
Venta del Moro Miocene Europe Spain
Venta Micena Pliocene Europe Spain
Wessex Formation Cretaceous Europe England
Untermassfeld Early Pleistocene Europe Germany Hominin (controversial)
Alcoota Miocene Oceania Australia: Northern Territory Marsupials, birds and crocodiles
Apex Chert Archaean Oceania Australia: Western Australia (Marble Bar)
Saint Bathans Fauna Bannockburn Formation Miocene Oceania New Zealand: Otago
Bluff Downs Allingham Formation Pliocene Oceania Australia: Queensland wetland fauna
Bullock Creek Camfield Fossil Beds Miocene Oceania Australia: Northern Territory Marsupials
Canowindra-Gooloogong Devonian Oceania Australia: New South Wales [Note 1]
Cape Range National Park Miocene-Pleistocene Oceania Australia: Western Australia Coral reefs, marine and coastal fauna
Cuddie Springs Pleistocene Oceania Australia: New South Wales Megafauna/human interaction (bones with stone artifacts)
Curio Bay Jurassic Oceania New Zealand: Southland (The Catlins) Petrified forest
Denmark Hill Insect Bed Late Triassic Oceania Australia: Ipswich, Queensland Insects
Dinosaur Cove Cretaceous Oceania Australia: Victoria Dinosaurs
Dinosaur Dreaming Cretaceous Oceania Australia: Victoria Mammals
Ditjimanka LF Oligocene Oceania Australia: South Australia
Ediacara Hills Ediacaran Oceania Australia: South Australia (Flinders Ranges) Ediacara biota (early multicellular life) [Note 1]
Emu Bay Shale Early Cambrian Oceania Australia: South Australia (Kangaroo Island) [Note 1]
Etadunna Formation Oligocene/Miocene Oceania Australia: South Australia
Foulden Maar Early Miocene Oceania New Zealand: Otago
Georgina Basin Neoproterozoic – late Paleozoic Oceania Australia: Northern Territory, Queensland
Gogo Formation Devonian Oceania Australia: Western Australia [Note 1]
Goldie Chert Middle-Late Cambrian Oceania Australia: Victoria
Grenfell fossil site Hunter Siltstone Formation Devonian Oceania Australia: New South Wales Fishes
Greta Siltstone Formation Late Pliocene Oceania New Zealand: Canterbury (Hurunui)
Heathcote siltstone Early Silurian- Late Devonian Oceania Australia: Victoria [ citation needed ]
Horseshoe Bay Limestone Downs Cretaceous Oceania New Zealand: Waikato [ citation needed ]
Kangaroo Wells Miocene Oceania Australia: Northern Territory [ citation needed ]
Knocklofty Formation Early Triassic Oceania Australia: Tasmania [ citation needed ]
Knowsley East Formation Middle-late Cambrian Oceania Australia: Victoria [ citation needed ]
Lake Callabonna Pleistocene Oceania Australia: South Australia Marsupials, birds
Lake Mungo Pleistocene Oceania Australia: New South Wales Hominin
Lake Ngapakaldi to Lake Palankarinna Fossil Area Pliocene Oceania Australia: South Australia (Tirari Desert)Variety of vertebrates
Lancefield Swamp Pleistocene Oceania Australia: Victoria Australian megafauna, mostly Macropus giganteus
Lightning Ridge Cretaceous Oceania Australia: New South Wales Mammals
Mammoth Cave Pleistocene? Oceania Australia: Western Australia
Mampuwordu Sands Miocene Oceania Australia: South Australia
Murgon fossil site Eocene Oceania Australia: Queensland (south-east) Mammals (Tingamarra Fauna)
Naracoorte Caves Pleistocene Oceania Australia: South Australia Australian megafauna, World Heritage List
Pindai Caves Holocene Oceania New Caledonia Hominin, Birds
Quanbun Pliocene/Miocene Oceania Australia: Western Australia
Riversleigh Oligocene/Miocene Oceania Australia: Queensland [Note 1]
Talbragar Jurassic Oceania Australia: New South Wales (central west)
Tangahoe Mudstone Formation Late Pliocene Oceania New Zealand: Taranaki
Waipara Formation Paleogene Oceania New Zealand: Canterbury
Wianamatta Shale and Ashfield Shale Late Triassic Oceania Australia: New South Wales (Sydney) Prehistoric amphibians (Capitosauridae, Trematosaurinae), ray finned fish (Semionotiformes and Palaeoniscidae), cartilaginous fish (Xenacanthida) and insects (Protorthoptera) [5]
Great Otway National Park Cretaceous Oceania Australia: Victoria
Otway Basin
  • Dutton Way - Early Pliocene
  • Arch site - Middle Miocene
  • Clifton Banks - Middle to late Miocene
  • Forsyth's Banks and Fossil rock stack - Early Pliocene
  • Spring Creek - Late Miocene to Early Pliocene
  • Kawarren - Late Oligocene
  • Leigh River - Early Miocene
  • Hopkins River - Middle to Late Miocene
  • Gibson's Steps - Bairnsdalian (Middle Miocene)
  • Curdie - Balcombian (Middle Miocene)
  • Princetown Beach - Late Oligocene
  • Castle Cove - Late Oligocene
Late Oligocene - Early Pliocene Oceania Australia: Victoria
Tinguiririca Abanico Formation Oligocene (Rupelian) South America Chile
Acre Conglomerate Miocene (Huayquerian) South America Brazil
Allen Formation Cretaceous (Campanian – Maastrichtian) South America Argentina dinosaurs {including eggs}, pterosaurs, and mammals
Anacleto Formation Cretaceous (Campanian) South America Argentina Dinosaurs (eggs), mammals, bird footprints
Andalhualá Formation Miocene/Pliocene South America Argentina
Bajo de la Carpa Formation Cretaceous (Santonian) South America Argentina
Bahía Inglesa Formation Middle Miocene-Late Pliocene South America Chile
Bauru Basin Bauru Group Cretaceous South America Brazil Dinosaurs
Camacho Formation Miocene South America Uruguay
Candeleros Hill, Neuquén Province [Note 2] Candeleros Formation Cretaceous (Cenomanian) South America Argentina
Capadare Formation Middle Miocene South America Venezuela
Paleorrota Caturrita Formation Triassic (Carnian – Norian) South America Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul
Cerrejón Cerrejón Formation Middle-Late Paleocene South America Colombia
Cerro Ballena PlioPleistocene South America Chile Cetaceans
Cerro Bandera Formation Miocene South America Argentina
Deseado Formation Oligocene South America Argentina
Ensenada Formation Pleistocene South America Argentina
Huincul Formation Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian) South America Argentina Dinosaurs, including Argentinosaurus huinculensis and Mapusaurus
Irati Formation Early Permian (Artinskian) [6] South America Brazil Mesosaurs
Ischigualasto Formation Triassic South America Argentina
Ituzaingó Formation Late Miocene (Huayquerian) South America Argentina
Jaguel Formation Late Cretaceous/Early Paleocene (Maastrichtian – Danian) South America Argentina
Cerro Cuadrado Petrified Forest La Matilde Formation Middle to Late Jurassic (Bathonian – Oxfordian) South America Argentina Dinosaurs
Laguna Manantiales Farm La Matilde Formation Middle to Late Jurassic (Bathonian – Oxfordian) South America Argentina Dinosaur tracks
Las Curtiembres Formation Late Cretaceous (Campanian) South America Argentina
Lecho Formation Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) South America Argentina Titanosaur Saltasaurus, avian and non-avian theropods
Lemaire Formation Late Jurassic South America Argentina
Leticia Formation Eocene (Bartonian) South America Argentina
Cerro Lisandro, Neuquén province [Note 2] Lisandro Formation (= Cerro Lisandro Fm.) Late Cretaceous (CenomanianTuronian) South America Argentina
Lohan Cura Formation Early Cretaceous (AptianAlbian) South America Argentina Mesosaurs; Oldest known amniote embryos
Mangrullo Formation Early Permian (Artinskian) [6] South America Uruguay [Note 1]
Mylodon Cave Pleistocene South America Chile
Olmedo Formation Paleocene South America Argentina [ citation needed ]
Quiriquina Formation Cretaceous South America Chile
Paja Formation Cretaceous South America Colombia
Licán Ray Panguipulli Formation Triassic South America Chile
Punta Peters (5 km east of Panguipulli) Panguipulli Formation Triassic South America Chile
Patagonia Molasses Miocene South America Argentina
Pilauco Bajo [7] Late Pleistocene South America Chile Megafauna, human activity
Pinturas Formation Miocene (Burdigalian – Langhian)[verification needed] South America Argentina
Pisco Formation Late[verification needed] Miocene/Early Pliocene South America Peru
Plottier Formation Late Cretaceous (Coniacian – ?Santonian) South America Argentina
Portezuelo Formation Late Cretaceous (TuronianConiacian) South America Argentina Dinosaurs, turtles, and other animals
Puerto Madryn Formation Late Miocene South America Argentina
Punta Cactus Formation Eocene South America Argentina [ citation needed ]
Auca Mahuevo Río Colorado Subgroup Cretaceous South America Argentina [Note 1]
Roca Formation Paleocene South America Argentina
San Julián Formation Eocene/Oligocene South America Argentina
Santa Cruz Formation Miocene South America Argentina
Santana Group (Crato Formation) Aptian-Albian South America Brazil [Note 1]
Paleorrota Santa Maria Formation Middle–Late Triassic (Ladinian-Carnian) South America Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul Early dinosaurs
Cuesta Santo Domingo Santo Domingo Formation Miocene South America Chile
Sâo José de Itaboraí basin Itaboraí Formation Paleocene (Itaboraian) South America Brazil
Sloggett Formation (= Bahía Sloggett Formation)Late Eocene/Early Oligocene South America Argentina [ citation needed ]
Solimões Formation Late Miocene/Early Pliocene[verification needed] South America Brazil
Toca da Boa Vista Cave Pleistocene South America Brazil
Touro Passo Formation Late PleistoceneHolocene South America Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul
Tralcán Tralcán Formation Triassic South America Chile
Tunal Formation Paleocene South America Argentina [ citation needed ]
Urumaco Urumaco Formation Miocene South America Venezuela
La Venta Honda Group Middle Miocene South America Colombia [Note 1]
Yacoraite Formation Late Cretaceous/Early Paleocene (MaastrichtianDanian) South America Argentina Dinosaur tracks; Stromatolites
Yahgan Formation Early Cretaceous South America Argentina

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 This site and/or formation is considered a Lagerstätte.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 This site is an example or type locality for an extensive fossil-bearing formation.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 This site occurs within a widespread fossil bearing formation, but is noteworthy for additional reasons not typical of that formation.

See also

Related Research Articles

Lagerstätte Sedimentary deposit that exhibits extraordinary fossils with exceptional preservation

A Lagerstätte is a sedimentary deposit that exhibits extraordinary fossils with exceptional preservation—sometimes including preserved soft tissues. These formations may have resulted from carcass burial in an anoxic environment with minimal bacteria, thus delaying the decomposition of both gross and fine biological features until long after a durable impression was created in the surrounding matrix. Lagerstätten span geological time from the Neoproterozoic era to the present. Worldwide, some of the best examples of near-perfect fossilization are the Cambrian Maotianshan shales and Burgess Shale, the Devonian Hunsrück Slates and Gogo Formation, the Carboniferous Mazon Creek, the Jurassic Solnhofen limestone, the Cretaceous Santana, Yixian and Tanis formations, the Eocene Green River Formation, and the Miocene Foulden Maar.

Green River Formation Rock formation

The Green River Formation is an Eocene geologic formation that records the sedimentation in a group of intermountain lakes in three basins along the present-day Green River in Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah. The sediments are deposited in very fine layers, a dark layer during the growing season and a light-hue inorganic layer in the dry season. Each pair of layers is called a varve and represents one year. The sediments of the Green River Formation present a continuous record of six million years. The mean thickness of a varve here is 0.18 mm, with a minimum thickness of 0.014 mm and maximum of 9.8 mm.

Fossil collecting collecting fossils to study, collect or sell

Fossil collecting is the collection of fossils for scientific study, hobby, or profit. Fossil collecting, as practiced by amateurs, is the predecessor of modern paleontology and many still collect fossils and study fossils as amateurs. Professionals and amateurs alike collect fossils for their scientific value. A commercial trade in fossils has also long existed, with some of this being practised illegally.

Morrison Formation Rock formation in the western United States

The Morrison Formation is a distinctive sequence of Upper Jurassic sedimentary rock found in the western United States which has been the most fertile source of dinosaur fossils in North America. It is composed of mudstone, sandstone, siltstone, and limestone and is light gray, greenish gray, or red. Most of the fossils occur in the green siltstone beds and lower sandstones, relics of the rivers and floodplains of the Jurassic period.

Dinosaur Valley State Park State park in Texas, United States

Dinosaur Valley State Park is a state park near Glen Rose, Texas, United States.

The Coon Creek Formation is a geologic formation located in western Tennessee and extreme northeast Mississippi. It is a sedimentary sandy marl deposit, Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) in age, about 70 million years old. The formation is known for producing mosasaurs and plesiosaurs, particularly at Coon Creek in McNairy County, Tennessee, which the formation is named for. Additionally, the formation produces many other marine invertebrates such as Turritella and the state fossil of Tennessee, the bivalve Pterotrigonia thoracica, as well as other fossils such as crabs.

Scollard Formation

The Scollard Formation is an Upper Cretaceous to lower Palaeocene stratigraphic unit of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin in southwestern Alberta. Its deposition spanned the time interval from latest Cretaceous to early Paleocene, and it includes sediments that were deposited before, during, and after the Cretaceous-Paleogene (K-Pg) extinction event. It is significant for its fossil record, and it includes the economically important coal deposits of the Ardley coal zone.

Cloverly Formation

The Cloverly Formation is a geological formation of Early Cretaceous age that is present in parts of Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and Utah in the western United States. It was named for a post office on the eastern side of the Bighorn Basin in Wyoming by N.H. Darton in 1904. The sedimentary rocks of formation were deposited in floodplain environments and contain vertebrate fossils, including a diverse assemblage of dinosaur remains. In 1973, the Cloverly Formation Site was designated as a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service.

Garden Park, Colorado plain in Colorado, United States

Garden Park is a paleontological site in Fremont County, Colorado, known for its Jurassic dinosaurs and the role the specimens played in the infamous Bone Wars of the late 19th century. Located 10 km (6.2 mi) north of Cañon City, the name originates from the area providing vegetables to the miners at nearby Cripple Creek in the 19th century. Garden Park proper is a triangular valley surrounded by cliffs on the southeast and southwest and by mountains to the north; however, the name is also refers to the dinosaur sites on top and along the cliffs. The dinosaur sites now form the Garden Park Paleontological Resource Area, which is overseen by the Bureau of Land Management.

Wheeler Shale

The Wheeler Shale is a Cambrian (c. 507 Ma) fossil locality world-famous for prolific agnostid and Elrathia kingii trilobite remains and represents a Konzentrat-Lagerstätten. Varied soft bodied organisms are locally preserved, a fauna and preservation style normally associated with the more famous Burgess Shale. As such, the Wheeler Shale also represents a Konservat-Lagerstätten.

Kadzi Formation

The Kadzi Formation is a geological formation in Zimbabwe whose strata date back to the Tithonian stage of the Late Jurassic. The conglomeratic sandstones and silty mudstones of the formation were deposited in an alluvial environment. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.

La Huérguina Formation

The La Huérguina Formation is a geological formation in Spain whose strata date back to the Barremian stage of the Early Cretaceous. Las Hoyas is a Konservat-Lagerstätte within the formation, located near the city of Cuenca, Spain. The site is mostly known for its exquisitely preserved dinosaurs, especially enantiornithines. The lithology of the formation mostly consists of lacustarine limestone deposited in a freshwater wetland environment.

The Bayan Mandahu Formation is a geological unit of "redbeds" located near the village of Bayan Mandahu in Inner Mongolia, China Asia and dates from the late Cretaceous Period. Laid down in the Campanian, it is dated somewhat uncertainly to between 75-71 mya.

Stephen Formation

The Stephen Formation is a geologic formation exposed in the Canadian Rockies of British Columbia and Alberta, on the western edge of the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. It consists of shale, thin-bedded limestone, and siltstone that was deposited during Middle Cambrian time. It is famous for the exceptional preservation of soft-bodied fossils: the Burgess Shale biota. The formation overlies the Cathedral escarpment, a submarine cliff; consequently it is divided into two quite separate parts, the 'thin' sequence deposited in the shallower waters atop the escarpment, and the 'thick' sequence deposited in the deeper waters beyond the cliff. Because the 'thick' Stephen Formation represents a distinct lithofacies, some authors suggest it warrants its own name, and dub it the Burgess Shale Formation. The stratigraphy of the Thin Stephen Formation has not been subject to extensive study, so except where explicitly mentioned this article applies mainly to the Thick Stephen Formation.

The Poleta Formation is a geological unit known for the exceptional fossil preservation in the Indian Springs Lagerstätte, located in eastern California and Nevada.

Gondolin Cave

Gondolin Cave is a fossiliferous dolomitic paleocave system in the Northwest Province, South Africa. The paleocave formed in the Eccles Formation dolomites. Gondolin is currently the only described hominin-bearing fossil site in the Northwest Province-portion of the designated Cradle of Humankind UNESCO World Heritage Site. The cave is located on privately owned land and is not accessible to the public. As is the case with other South African Paleo-cave systems with Pliocene and/or Pleistocene fossil deposits, the system was mined for lime during the early 20th century. As a result, the system has been heavily disturbed and consists of only a small active cave, a series of in situ remnant cave deposits, and extensive dumpsites of ex situ calcified sediments produced during mining activities.

Paleontology in Maryland

Paleontology in Maryland refers to paleontological research occurring within or conducted by people from the U.S. state of Maryland. The invertebrate fossils of Maryland are similar to those of neighboring Delaware. For most of the early Paleozoic era, Maryland was covered by a shallow sea, although it was above sea level for portions of the Ordovician and Devonian. The ancient marine life of Maryland included brachiopods and bryozoans while horsetails and scale trees grew on land. By the end of the era, the sea had left the state completely. In the early Mesozoic, Pangaea was splitting up. The same geologic forces that divided the supercontinent formed massive lakes. Dinosaur footprints were preserved along their shores. During the Cretaceous, the state was home to dinosaurs. During the early part of the Cenozoic era, the state was alternatingly submerged by sea water or exposed. During the Ice Age, mastodons lived in the state.

Paleontology in Iowa

Paleontology in Iowa refers to paleontological research occurring within or conducted by people from the U.S. state of Iowa. The paleozoic fossil record of Iowa spans from the Cambrian to Mississippian. During the early Paleozoic Iowa was covered by a shallow sea that would later be home to creatures like brachiopods, bryozoans, cephalopods, corals, fishes, and trilobites. Later in the Paleozoic, this sea left the state, but a new one covered Iowa during the early Mesozoic. As this sea began to withdraw a new subtropical coastal plain environment which was home to duck-billed dinosaurs spread across the state. Later this plain was submerged by the rise of the Western Interior Seaway, where plesiosaurs lived. The early Cenozoic is missing from the local rock record, but during the Ice Age evidence indicates that glaciers entered the state, which was home to mammoths and mastodons.

Kay Behrensmeyer American taphonomist and paleoecologist

Anna Katherine "Kay" Behrensmeyer is an American taphonomist and paleoecologist. She is a pioneer in the study of the fossil records of terrestrial ecosystems and engages in geological and paleontological field research into the ecological context of human evolution in East Africa. She is Curator of Vertebrate Paleontology in the Department of Paleobiology at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History (NMNH). At the museum, she is co-director of the Evolution of Terrestrial Ecosystems program and an associate of the Human Origins Program.

Yanliao Biota

The Yanliao Biota is the name given to an assembly of fossils preserved in northeastern China from the Middle Jurassic to Early Cretaceous. It includes fossils from the Tiaojishan Formation, Lanqi Formation, Jiulongshan Formation and Haifanggou Formation. This spans approximately 199 to 146 million years ago.

References

  1. Bryn, Brandon. "Science: Oldest Fossil of Homo Genus Found in Ethiopia". American Association for the Advancement of Science. Archived from the original on 15 March 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015.
  2. Fiorillo, Anthony; Hasiotis, Stephen; Kobayashi, Yoshitsugu (August 2014). "Herd structure in Late Cretaceous polar dinosaurs: A remarkable new dinosaur tracksite, Denali National Park, Alaska, USA". Geology. 42 (8): 719–722. Bibcode:2014Geo....42..719F. doi: 10.1130/G35740.1 .
  3. "10 milyon yıllık hayvan fosilleri bulundu" [10 million years old fossils of animals found] (in Turkish). ntvmsnbc.com. 2009-10-07. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  4. "New Fossil Site in China Shows Long Recovery of Life from the Largest Extinction in Earth's History". ScienceDaily. 22 Dec 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
  5. Cosgriff, J. W. (1973). "Notobrachyops picketti, a brachyopid from the Ashfield Shale, Wiannamatta Group, New South Wales". Journal of Paleontology. 47 (6): 1094–1101.
  6. 1 2 Piñeiro, G.; Ramos, A.; Goso, C. S.; Scarabino, F.; Laurin, M. (2012). "Unusual Environmental Conditions Preserve a Permian Mesosaur-Bearing Konservat-Lagerstätte from Uruguay". Acta Palaeontologica Polonica. 57 (2): 299. doi: 10.4202/app.2010.0113 .
  7. Pino, Mario; Chávez-Hoffmeister, Martín; Navarro-Harris, Ximena; Labarca, Rafael (2013), "The late Pleistocene Pilauco site, Osorno, south-central Chile", Quaternary International , 299: 3–12, Bibcode:2013QuInt.299....3P, doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2012.05.001, hdl: 10533/131324

Further reading