This is a list of territorial governors in the 19th century (1801–1900), such as the administrators of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.
In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control and occupied by settlers of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign. For colonies in antiquity, city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state. In exchange for this, the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship. Therefore, a protectorate remains an autonomous part of a sovereign state. They are different from colonies as they have local rulers and people ruling over the territory and experience rare cases of immigration of settlers from the country it has suzerainty of. However, a state which remains under the protection of another state but still retains independence is known as a protected state and is different from protectorates.
A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.
A dependent territory is normally a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area.The administrators of uninhabited territories are excluded.
A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state. In most countries, a territory is an organized land controlled division of an area that is controlled by a country but is not formally developed into, or incorporated into, a political unit of the country that is of equal status to other political units that may often be referred to by words such as "provinces" or "states". In international politics, a territory is usually a non-sovereign geographic area which has come under the authority of another government; which has not been granted the powers of self-government normally devolved to secondary territorial divisions; or both.
Independence is a condition of a person, nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory. The opposite of independence is the status of a dependent territory.
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
See Lieutenant Governor of Jersey
See also "Barbados and the British Windward Islands" above.
The Confederate States of America was an unrecognized country in North America, formed by secessionist slave-holding states, that existed from 1861 to 1865. In Texas v. White the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that rebellious states had never legally left the union. However, the states were ruled by military governments after the war, and by appointed governors during Reconstruction (1865–1877). Those governors are listed here.
Ajmer-Merwara, also known as Ajmir Province and as Ajmer-Merwara-Kekri, is a former province of British India in the historical Ajmer region. The territory was ceded to the British by Daulat Rao Sindhia by a treaty on 25 June 1818. It was under the Bengal Presidency until 1836 when it became part of the North-Western Provinces comissionat el 1842. Finally on 1 April 1871 it became a separate province as Ajmer-Merwara-Kekri. It became a part of independent India on 15 August 1947 when the British left India.
The Prefect of Saint Pierre and Miquelon is the local representative of the President of France and in effect the Governor or Executive officer of the territory.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of León in Nicaragua is a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Managua.
The Diocese of Münster is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Germany. It is a suffragan diocese of the Archdiocese of Cologne. Bishop Felix Genn is the current Bishop of the Diocese of Münster. He was ordained to the priesthood on July 11, 1976 and was appointed to the See of Münster on December 19, 2008.
The Diocese of Badajoz was a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Spain, created in 1255. In 1994 it became the Archdiocese of Mérida-Badajoz.
The Diocese of Cartagena is the diocese of the city of Cartagena in the Ecclesiastical province of Granada in Spain.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Málaga is a diocese located in the city of Málaga in the Ecclesiastical province of Granada in Spain.
The Archdiocese of Oviedo is an Archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Spain. The archdiocese encompasses roughly the current autonomous community of Asturias or Principality of Asturias. Erected in the 9th century, the diocese was elevated to an archdiocese in 1954. The diocesan see is in the city of Oviedo, where the Catedral de San Salvador is located.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño is a diocese located in the cities of Calahorra, Santo Domingo de la Calzada, and Logroño in the Ecclesiastical province of Pamplona y Tudela in Spain.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Canarias or Diocese Canariense-Rubicense is a diocese located in the Canary Islands in the Ecclesiastical province of Seville in Spain. The dioceses includes the islands of Gran Canaria, Fuerteventura and Lanzarote. However, it does not include to the whole archipelago, since the Diocese of Tenerife or Nivariense, includes the Province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. For this reason, the use of the name of the archipelago is currently a very controversial topic in the Canary Islands. It has recently emerged between the society of Lanzarote the desire to recover the diocesan headquarters of San Marcial del Rubicón.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Cuenca is a diocese located in the city of Cuenca in the Ecclesiastical province of Toledo in Spain.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sigüenza-Guadalajara is a diocese located in the cities of Sigüenza and Guadalajara, Spain in the Ecclesiastical province of Toledo in Spain. It is in the located in the secular Spanish province of Guadalajara in Castile, central Spain. It is bounded on the north by Soria, on the east by Zaragoza and Teruel, on the south by Cuenca and on the west by Guadalajara and Segovia.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Ávila is a diocese located in the city of Ávila in the Ecclesiastical province of Valladolid in Spain.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Zamora is a diocese in the city of Zamora in the Ecclesiastical province of Valladolid in Spain.
Crystal is an arena touring show by Cirque du Soleil that started previewing to the public in October 2017, with an official premiere in December 2017. It is Cirque du Soleil's 42nd original show since 1984, and the first one done on an ice rink, where most of the performers are ice skating throughout the show, and blends several circus acts with high-level ice skating. It is described as a woman shattering reality to discover herself in the world of possibility.