List of governors of dependent territories in the 19th century

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Territorial governors in the 18th centuryTerritorial governors in the 20th centuryColonial and territorial governors by year

This is a list of territorial governors in the 19th century (1801–1900), such as the administrators of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.

Colony territory under the political control of an overseas state, generally with its own subordinate colonial government

In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control and occupied by settlers of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign. For colonies in antiquity, city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception.

A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state. In exchange for this, the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship. Therefore, a protectorate remains an autonomous part of a sovereign state. They are different from colonies as they have local rulers and people ruling over the territory and experience rare cases of immigration of settlers from the country it has suzerainty of. However, a state which remains under the protection of another state but still retains independence is known as a protected state and is different from protectorates.

A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.

Contents

A dependent territory is normally a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area. [1] The administrators of uninhabited territories are excluded.

A territory is an administrative division, usually an area that is under the jurisdiction of a state. In most countries, a territory is an organized land controlled division of an area that is controlled by a country but is not formally developed into, or incorporated into, a political unit of the country that is of equal status to other political units that may often be referred to by words such as "provinces" or "states". In international politics, a territory is usually a non-sovereign geographic area which has come under the authority of another government; which has not been granted the powers of self-government normally devolved to secondary territorial divisions; or both.

Independence condition of a nation, country, or state which exercises self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory

Independence is a condition of a person, nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory. The opposite of independence is the status of a dependent territory.

Sovereignty concept that a state or governing body has the right and power to govern itself without outside interference

Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity.

Denmark

Denmark–Norway, Denmark
Danish colonial empire
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Historical sovereign state from 1801 to 1921

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

France

French First Republic, First French Empire, Bourbon Restoration, July Monarchy, French Second Republic, French Second Empire, French Third Republic

Germany

German Empire
German colonial empire

Mexico

Territories that became states

  • Political Chiefs
  • José Manuel Ruiz Carrillo, Political Chief (30 Oct 1822 - 1825)
  • José María de Echeandía, Political Chief (1825)
  • Fernando de la Toba, alternate Political Chief (1825 - 1826)
  • José María Padrés, Political Chief (1826)
  • José Arce, Political Chief (1826 - 1827
  • Miguel Meza, Political Chief (1827 - 1828)
  • José Meza, Political Chief (1828)
  • José María Mata, Political Chief (1828)
  • José Meza, Political Chief (1828 - 1829)
  • Manuel Victoria, Political Chief (1829 - 1830)
  • José Mariano Monterde Antillón y Segura (1830 - 1831)
  • Antonio Navarro, Political Chief (14 Nov 1831 - Nov 1831)
  • Diputación Territorial (each member acting for 1 month) (Nov 1831 - Sep 1833)
  • José Mariano Monterde Antillón y Segura, (Sep 1833 - 23 Oct 1834)
  • Nicolás Lastra, acting (23 Oct 1834 - 23 Apr 1835)
  • Miguel Martínez, (23 Apr 1835 - 26 Oct 1836)
  • Carlos Antonio Carrillo, (1836 - 1838) Not recognized
  • Nicolás Lastra, acting (26 Oct 1836 - 2 Nov 1836)
  • Miguel Canseco, (2 Nov 1836 - 15 Nov 1836)
  • José María Mata, acting (15 Nov 1836 - 3 Dec 1836)
  • Juan José López, (3 Dec 1836 - 31 Jan 1837)
  • Fernando de la Toba, (31 Jan 1837 - 7 May 1837)
  • Luis del Castillo Negrete, (7 May 1837 - 10 Jun 1842)
  • Francisco Padilla, (10 Jun 1842 - 30 Apr 1843)
  • Mariano Garfias, (30 Apr 1843 - 10 May 1844)
  • Francisco Palacios de Miranda, (10 May 1844 - 15 Feb 1847)
  • Mauricio Castro, (15 Feb 1847 - 11 Nov 1848)
  • Nicolás Lastra, (11 Nov 1848 - 14 Jul 1849)
  • Rafael Espinosa, (14 Jul 1849 - 4 Nov 1853)
  • Juan Clímaco Rebolledo, (4 Nov 1853 - 1853)
  • Antonio Navarro, (20 Nov 1853 - 12 Dec 1853)
  • Antonio Ochoa, (12 Dec 1853 - 23 Dec 1853)
  • Juan Clímaco Rebolledo, (25 Dec 1853 - 10 Mar 1854)
  • José María Blancarte, (10 Mar 1854 - 3 Dec 1855)
  • José María Gómez, (3 Dec 1855 - 1 Aug 1856)
  • Antonio Navarro, (1 Aug 1856 - 3 Sep 1856)
  • José María Gómez, (3 Sep 1856 - 7 Jan 1857)
  • José María Esteva, (7 Jan 1857 - 16 Feb 1857)
  • Francesco Canto, (16 Feb 1857 - 25 Mar 1857)
  • Santos Ruiz, (25 Mar 1857 - 20 May 1857)
  • Manuel Amano, (20 May 1857 - 14 Apr 1858)
  • Diego Castilla, (14 Apr 1858 - Sep 1858)
  • Ramón Navarro, (Sep 1858 - 1860)
  • Jerónimo Amador, (Feb 1860 - Oct 1860)
  • Teodoro Riveroll, (Nov 1860 - Nov 1862)
  • Pedro Magaña Navarrete, (Nov 1862 - Jan 1865)
  • Félix Gibert, (Jan 1865 - 12 Nov 1865) Imperial supporter from 29 Sep 1865
  • Rafael Espinosa, imperial commissioner (29 Sep 1865 - 12 Nov 1865)
  • Antonio Pedrín, (Nov 1865 - Jun 1866)
  • Pedro Magaña Navarrete, (Jun 1866 - Oct 1866)
  • Antonio Pedrín, (Oct 1866 - Nov 1867)
  • Carlos F. Galan, (Dec 1867 - Apr 1868)
  • Bibiano Dávalos, (May 1868 - Mar 1869)
  • Pablo María Castro, (Mar 1869 - Apr 1871)
  • Bibiano Dávalos, (Apr 1871 - May 1875)
  • Máximo Velasco, (May 1875 - Apr 1876)
  • Francisco Miranda y Castro, (Apr 1876 - Jan 1877)
  • Emilio Legaspy, (Feb 1877 - 1878)
  • Brígido Castrejón, (1878 - 1880)
  • Manuel María Solis, (1880 - 1881)
  • Ignacio Alas, (1881 - Jul 1881)
  • Zeferino Castañeda, (1 Aug 1881 - 24 Jul 1882)
  • George (Jorge) Ryerson, acting for Castañeda (13 Apr 1882 - 24 Jul 1882)
  • Antonio María Jauregui, (24 Jul 1882 - 1885) acting to 188.
  • José María Villagrana, acting for Jauregui (1884)
  • George (Jorge) Ryerson, (1885 - 1888) [3]
  • Chief Executive of the North District of the Federal Territory of Baja California (1888-1952)
  • Luis Emeterio Torres y Meléndez, Chief Executive (1 Jan 1888 - 18 Jul 1894)
  • General Agustín Sanginés Calvillo, Chief Executive (18 Jul 1894 - 27 Oct 1902) [4]
  • See Political Chiefs of Baja California (1822 - 1868)
  • Political Chiefs (1868-1888)
  • Pablo María Castro, Political Chief (1868 - 1875)
  • Máximo Velasco, Political Chief (Jun 1875 - Apr 1876)
  • Francisco Miranda y Castro, Political Chief (Apr 1876 - Feb 1877)
  • Patricio Ávalos, acting political chief (Feb 1877 - Jul 1877)
  • Andrés L. Tapia, Political Chief (Jul 1877 - Nov 1879)
  • Clodomiro Cota, Political Chief (Nov 1879 - Jan 1880)
  • Andrés L. Tapia, Political Chief (Jan 1880 - Mar 1880)
  • Lautaro Ramírez, Ricardo Carricarte, Manuel Parrat, and Tomùas Ballarezo, acting political chiefs (Apr 1880 - Jul 1880)
  • José María Rangel (Jul 1880 - Aug 1880)
  • Ricardo Carricarte and Astolfo Mendoza, acting political chiefs (Aug 1880 - Oct 1880)
  • José María Rangel (Oct 1880 - 1888)
  • Governors
  • José María Rangel, Governor (1888 - Aug 1889) Southern District of Baja California (within Baja California), 1 Jan 1888.
  • Bonifacio Topete, Governor (Aug 1889 - Nov 1889)
  • Bibiano Dávalos, Governor (Nov 1889 - Apr 1890)
  • Bonifacio Topete, Governor (Apr 1890 - Jun 1894)
  • Rafael García Martínez, Governor (Jun 1894 - Jun 1900)
  • Abraham Arróniz, Governor (Jun 1900 - Sep 1902) [5]
  • Political Chiefs
  • Jacinto Barreto, (4 Jan 1824 - 26 Oct 1824)
  • José María Verduzco, (26 Oct 1824 - 23 Nov 1824)
  • José Manuel Ceballos, (23 Nov 1824 - 13 Dec 1824)
  • José María Verduzco, (13 Dec 1824 - 1 Jan 1825)
  • José Ignacio Ochoa, (1 Jan 1825 - 30 Sep 1825)
  • Antonio Camberos, (30 Sep 1825 - 1 Jan 1826)
  • Martín de Anguiano, (1 Jan 1826 - 1 Jan 1827)
  • Isidoro del Toro, (1 Jan 1827 - 1 Jan 1828)
  • Mariano de la Madrid, (1 Jan 1828 - 1 Jan 1829)
  • Joaquín Solórzano Gómez, (1 Jan 1829 - Oct 1832)
  • Mariano de la Madrid, (Nov 1832 - 26 Dec 1832)
  • Joaquín Solórzano Gómez, (26 Dec 1832 - 10 Jan 1833)
  • Juan Bernardo de la Vega, (10 Jan 1833 - 7 Feb 1833)
  • Alejo Espinosa, (7 Feb 1833 - 21 Mar 1833)
  • Mariano de la Madrid, (21 Mar 1833 - 24 Jul 1833)
  • Alejo Espinosa, (24 Jul 1833 - 3 Jul 1834)
  • Mariano de la Madrid, (4 Jul 1834)
  • José Manuel Ceballos, (4 Jul 1834 - 18 Sep 1834)
  • José Ignacio Ochoa, (18 Sep 1834 - Oct 1835)
  • José María Verduzco, (Oct 1835 - Nov 1835)
  • José Ignacio Ochoa, (Nov 1835 - 15 Oct 1837) Incorporated into Michoacán (30 Nov 1836 - 22 Aug 1846)
  • Political Chiefs
  • Joaquín de las Piedras, political chief (19 Sep 1823 - 7 Feb 1826)
  • Cristobal Gonzalez Angulo, political chief (8 Feb 1826 - 2 Apr 1830)
  • Ignacio Bernal, political chief (3 Apr 1830 - 17 Oct 1831)
  • Juan Vicente Iturbide, political chief (18 Oct 1831 - 6 Oct 1832)
  • José María Avalos, acting political chief (6 Oct 1832 - 7 Jan 1833)
  • Cristobal Gonzalez Angulo, political chief (7 Jan 1833 - Jul 1833)
  • José N. Aedo, political chief (18 Jul 1833 - 14 Dec 1833)
  • José Antonio Anaya, political chief (Dec 1833 - 1836)
  • Prefects
  • José Antonio Anaya and Manuel de la Portilla, Prefects (1836 - 1842)
  • Luis Espino, Prefects (1842 - 1844)
  • Manuel Victoria Canales, interim Prefect (1844 - 1845)
  • Francisco Banuet, Prefect (1845 - 1846)
  • Rafael Espinosa, Prefect (1846)
  • Political Chiefs
  • José Cristóbal Herrera, political chief (1846)
  • Luis Espino, political chief (1846 - Jan 1848)
  • José Mariano Sánchez, political chief (Jan 1848 - 1848)
  • Ignacio Ramírez, political chief (1848)
  • José Mariano Sánchez, political chief (1848)
  • José Manuel Saldaña, political chief (1848 – 1849)
  • José Ignacio de Ormaechea y Ernaiz, political chief (Sep/Oct 1849 – Jun 1853)
  • José Ramón Betancourt, political chief (Jun 1853 - 1853)
  • José María García, political chief (1853 - Aug 1855)
  • José Joaquín Reyes, political chief (Aug 1855)
  • Guillermo Valle, political chief (Aug 1855 - 9 Jun 1857) [7]
  • Pedro José García Rojas, 1st governor of Aguascalientes Territory (23 May 1835 - Jun 1836) [2] [9]
  • Pedro José López de Nava Mayorga, interim governor (1837) [2]
  • Francisco Flores Alatorre Terán, 2nd governor of Aguascalientes Territory (25 Jun 1837 - 1841) [2]
  • José María López de Nava Castañeda, interim governor (3 Nov 1841 - Apr 1842) [2]
  • Nicolás Condelle Soya, 3rd governor of Aguascalientes Territory (Apr 1842 - Aug 1843) [2]
  • Mariano Chicho Navarro, interim governor (31 Aug 1843 - 13 Aug 1844); Constitutional governor of the State of Aguascalientes (13 Aug 1844 — Nov 1845) [2] [9]
  • Superior Political Chiefs of Isla del Carmen
  • Tomas Marín, Superior Political Chief of Isla del Carmen (Oct 1853 - 31 Oct 1855)
  • José Juan de Landero, Superior Political Chief of Isla del Carmen (acting for Marín?) (Sep 1854 - 1855?)
  • Pedro Requena, Superior Political Chief of Isla del Carmen (Oct 1855 - Sep 1856)
  • Amalio Alarcón, Superior Political Chief of Isla del Carmen (Sep 1856 - 1856/57)
  • Nicolás Dorantes y Ávila, Superior Political Chief of Isla del Carmen (1856/57 - May 1857)
  • Political Chief of Campeche and Isla del Carmen
  • Pablo García Montilla, Political Chief of Campeche and Isla del Carmen (19 Aug 1857 - 17 May 1858) [10]
  • Governor of Campeche and Isla del Carmen
  • Colonel Luis Díaz de Vivar, Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (15 Dec 1853 — 22 Dec 1853)
  • Colonel Antonio Tenorio, Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (22 Dec 1853 — 6 May 1855)
  • Juan J. Pastor, acting Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (6 May 1854 — July 1854)
  • Coronel Antonio Tenorio, Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (July 1854 — Oct 1855)
  • Ignacio González Cossío, Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (Oct – Nov 1855)
  • Juan N. Vázquez, Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (Nov – Dec 1855)
  • Lic. Nicanor Herrera, Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (Jan 1856 - Apr 1857)
  • Francisco Verduzco, Political Chief of the Territory of Sierra Gorda (Apr-May 1857)
  • Political Chiefs [6]
  • Tomas Marín, Political Chief (1853 - Oct 1853)
  • Martín Perfecto de Cos, Political Chief (Oct 1853 - 1 Oct 1854)
  • José Mariano Monterde, Political Chief (Oct 1854 - 1855?)
  • Máximo Ramón Ortiz, Political Chief (1855) In opposition.
  • Francisco Avalos, Political Chief (1855 - 11 Nov 1855)
  • Antonio Rodríguez, Commandant (11 Nov 1855 - 1855)
  • Juan de Dios Arzamendi, Political Chief and Miguel López, Commandant (Dec 1855 - 1856)
  • José María Marquez, Commandant (1856 - 1857)
  • Prefect of San José de Nayarit
  • Manuel Rivas, Prefect of San José de Nayarit (1865 - 31 Aug 1867)
  • Political Chiefs
  • Juan Sanromán, Political Chief (1 Sep 1867 - 30 Sep 1872)
  • Manuel Rivas, Political Chief (1 Oct 1872 – 28 Feb 1873)
  • Fernando de los Rios, provisional Political Chief (28 Feb 1873 – 20 Mar 1873)
  • Juan Sanromán, Political Chief (20 Mar 1873 – 30 Apr 1873)
  • Francisco Tolentino, Political Chief (30 Apr 1873 – 1 May 1876)
  • R.M. Álvarez, Political Chief (1 May 1876 – 18 May 1876)
  • Francisco María Alfaro, Political Chief (18 May 1876 - 27 May 1876)
  • Nicolas Pérez, Political Chief (27 May 1876 – 16 Jun 1876)
  • Guillermo Carbó, Political Chief (16 Jun 1876 – 5 Aug 1876)
  • Jesús Bueno, Political Chief (5 Aug 1876 - 28 Aug 1876)
  • Nicolás Pérez, Political Chief (28 Aug 1876 - 30 Oct 1876)
  • Leopoldo Romano Elguezábal, Political Chief (30 Oct 1876 - 7 Nov 1876)
  • Jesús Bueno, Political Chief (7 Nov 1876 - 28 Jan 1877)
  • Francisco María Alfaro, Political Chief (29 Jan 1876 - 8 Aug 1877)
  • Bonifacio Cuevas, Political Chief (8 Aug 1877 - 18 Oct 1877)
  • Ignacio M. Escudero, Political Chief (19 Oct 1877 - 28 Feb 1879)
  • Rosendo Márquez, Political Chief (1 Mar 1879 - 4 Nov 1879)
  • Ignacio M. Escudero, Political Chief (5 Nov 1879 - 16 Dec 1879)
  • Rosendo Márquez, Political Chief (16 Dec 1879 - 24 Jan 1880)
  • Leopoldo Romano Elguezábal, Political Chief (25 Jan 1880 - 11 Apr 1897)
  • Miguel Morales, Political Chief (12 Apr 1897 – 21 May 1897)
  • Pablo Rocha y Portú, Political Chief (22 May 1897 - 25 Nov 1904)

Federal District

  • Governors of the Federal District (before the formal declaration) [2]
  • Governors of the Federal District [2]
  • Gen. José María de Tornel y Mendivil, governor (November 25, 1825)
  • Juan Manuel de Elizalde, interim governor (August 26, 1826)
  • Francisco Molinos del Campo, governor (September 2, 1826)
  • Juan Manuel de Elizalde, interim governor (October 2, 1826)
  • José Ignacio Esteva Bruell, interim governor (January 1, 1828)
  • José María de Tornel y Mendivil, governor (February 23, 1828)
  • José Ignacio Esteva Bruell, governor (December 3, 1828)
  • Agustín Pérez de Lebrija, governor (January 30, 1830)
  • Miguel Cervantes, governor (February 20, 1830)
  • Francisco Fagoaga, governor (February 18, 1831)
  • Ignacio Martinez, governor (October 14, 1832)
  • José Joaquín de Herrera, governor (January 9, 1833)
  • Ignacio Martinez, governor (October 14, 1832)
  • José Ignacio Esteva Bruell, governor (April 17, 1833)
  • José María Tornel y Mendivil, governor (November 24, 1833)
  • Ramon López Rayón, governor (January 12, 1835)
  • José Gómez de la Cortina, governor (October 13, 1835)
  • Manuel Fernández Madrid, governor (October 15, 1836)
  • Francisco García Conde, governor (October 26, 1836)
  • Luis Gonzaga Vieyra, prefect (March 9, 1837)
  • Governors Mexico Department (Centralist Epoch) [2]
  • Agustín Vicente Eguia, prefect (December 30, 1837)
  • José María Icaza, prefect (21 Feb 1837 - 10 Mar 1837)
  • Marino Paz y Tagle, prefect (10 Mar 1837 - 10 Oct 1837)
  • Luis Gonzaga Vieyra, prefect (10 Oct 1837 - 9 Nov 1837)
  • José María Icaza, prefect (9 Nov 1837 - 20 Dec 1837)
  • Agustín Vicente de Eguía, prefect (20 Dec 1837 - 30 Dec 1837)
  • Luis Gonzaga Vieyra, prefect (30 Dec 1837 - May 1838)
  • Agustín Vicente de Eguía, prefect (May 1838 - Jun 1838)
  • Luis Gonzaga Vieyra, prefect (Jun 1838 - 5 Dec 1838)
  • José Fernando de Peredo, prefect (5 Dec 1838 - 8 Jan 1839)
  • Luis Gonzaga Vieyra, prefect (8 Jan 1839 - 19 Sep 1839)
  • Tomás Castro, prefect (19 Sep 1839 - 11 Jan 1840)
  • Miguel González Calderón, prefect (13 Jan 1840 - 30 Apr 1840)
  • Luis G. Vieyra, prefect (30 Apr 1840 - 27 Jul 1840)
  • Antonio Diez de Bonilla, prefect (27 Jul 1840 - Dec 1840)
  • José Fernández de Peredo, prefect (Dec 1840 - 1 Jan 1841
  • Esteban Villalba, prefect (1 Jan 1841 - 19 Sep 1841
  • Francisco Ortíz de Zarate, prefect (19 Sep 1841 - 7 Oct 1841
  • Antonio Diez de Bonilla, prefect (7 Oct 1841 - 9 Oct 1841
  • Luis Gonzaga Vieyra, prefect (9 Oct 1841 - 1 Feb 1842
  • José María Icaza, prefect (1 Feb 1842 - 6 Mar 1843
  • Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga, prefect (6 Mar 1843 - 10 Mar 1843
  • The governors of Estado de México (10 Mar 1843 - 7 Dec 1846) [2]
  • Governors of the Federal District (Reinstatement) [2]
  • Jose Guadalupe Covarrubias, governor (7 December 1846 — 4 Jan 1847)
  • Vicente Romero, governor (4 January 1847 — 13 Jan 1847)
  • Juan José Baz y Palafox, governor (13 January 1847 — 17 Feb 1847)
  • Jose Ramon Malo, governor (17 February 1847 — 29 Mar 1847)
  • Ignacio Tiburcio Valeriano Trigueros Olea, governor (29 Mar 1847 - Jun 1847)
  • José Ignacio Gutiérrez, governor (3 Jun 1847 - Jun 1847)
  • Manuel María Lombardini, governor (29 Jun 1847 - 3 Aug 1847)
  • Miguel Cervantés, governor (3 Aug 1847 - Aug 1847)
  • José María de Tornel y Mendivil, governor (22 Aug 1847 - Aug 1847)
  • Juan Joaquín de Herrera, governor (26 Aug 1847 - Sep 1847)
  • City Council of Mexico (U.S. Invasion) [2]
  • Manuel Reyes Veramendi, 1st Alcalde (English: mayor) (16 Sep 1847 - 25 Dec 1847)
  • Francisco Juarez Iriarte, 2nd Alcalde (25 Dec 1847 - 6 Mar 1848)
  • Juan María Florés y Terán, 3rd Alcalde (28 Mar 1848 - 5 Nov 1848)
  • Jose Ramon Malo, 4th Alcalde (5 Nov 1848 - 14 May 1849)
  • Head of the Federal District (U.S. Occupation) [2]
  • Brevet Lieutenant General Winfield Scott, 1st Commanding general (September 14, 1847 — February 18, 1848)
  • Major General of Volunteers William O. Butler, Interim commanding general (February 18, 1848 - 16 March 18, 1848)
  • Brevet Major General Stephen W. Kearny, 2nd Commanding general (March 16, 1848 — June 12, 1848)
  • U.S. Military Governors [2]
  • Governors of the Federal District (Reinstatement) [2]
  • Pedro Jorrín, Governor of the Federal District (14 May 1849 - 10 Jul 1849)
  • Pedro Maria Anaya, Governor of the Federal District (10 Jul 1849 - 2 Jan 1850)
  • Miguel María de Azcárate, Governor of the Federal District (2 Jan 1850 - 21 Oct 1854)
  • Antonio Díez de Bonilla, Governor of the Federal District (21 Oct 1854 - 15 Nov 1854)
  • Martin Carrera Sebat, acting Governor of the Federal District (15 Nov 1854 - 19 Dec 1854)
  • Antonio Díez de Bonilla, Governor of the Federal District (19 Dec 1854 - 5 Jan 1856)
  • Juan José Baz y Palafox, Governor of the Federal District (5 Jan 1856 - 4 Oct 1857)
  • Agustín Alcérreca, Governor of the Federal District (4 Oct 1857 - 21 Jan 1858)
  • Miguel María de Azcárate, Governor of the Federal District (21 Jan 1858 - 29 Dec 1859)
  • Governors of the Department of Mexico (War of the Reform). Conservatives [2]
  • Romulo Díaz de la Vega, Governor of the Department of Mexico (29 Dec 1859 - 29 Feb 1860)
  • Francisco G. Casanova, Governor of the Department of Mexico (29 Feb 1860 - 6 Jan 1861)
  • Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857). Liberals [2]
  • Justino Fernández Mondoño, Governor of the Federal District (6 Jan 1861 - 9 Feb 1861)
  • Miguel Blanco y Muzquiz, Governor of the Federal District (9 Feb 1861 - 25 Jun 1861)
  • Juan José Baz y Palafox, Governor of the Federal District (25 Jun 1861 - 8 Jan 1862)
  • Anastasio Parrodi, Governor of the Federal District (8 Jan 1862 - 23 Apr 1862)
  • Ángel Frías, Governor of the Federal District (27 Apr 1862 - 1 May 1862)
  • Anastasio Parrodi, Governor of the Federal District (1 May 1862 - 21 May 1862)
  • José María González de Mendoza, Governor of the Federal District (24 May 1862 - 20 Sep 1862)
  • José Silvestre Perales Aramberri, Governor of the Federal District (20 Sep 1862 - 23 Jan 1863)
  • Ponciano Arriaga, Governor of the Federal District (23 Jan 1863 - 1 Mar 1863)
  • José María González de Mendoza, Governor of the Federal District (1 Mar 1863 - 12 Jun 1863)
  • Miguel María de Azcárate, Governor of the Federal District (12 Jun 1863 - 30 Jun 1863)
  • Manuel García Aguirre, Governor of the Federal District (30 Jun 1863 - 4 Nov 1863)
  • José del Villar y Bocanegra, Prefect of Valle de México (4 Nov 1863 - Jul 1864)
  • Manuel María de Azcárate, Prefect of Valle de México (6 Jul 1864 – Nov 1865)
  • José María González de Mendoza, Prefect of Valle de México (28 Nov 1865 – Apr 1866)
  • Manuel A. Campero, Prefect of Valle de México (9 Apr 1866 - 20 Sep 1866)
  • Mariano Icaza, Prefect of Valle de México (20 Sep 1866 - 30 Sep 1866)
  • Tomás O'Horán y Escudero, Prefect of Valle de México (30 Sep 1866 - 14 Aug 1867)
  • Governors of the Federal District (Constitution of 1857, Restored Republic) [2]
  • Porfirio Díaz, June 15, 1867, Military Governor (15 Jun 1867 - 14 Aug 1867) Díaz served seven times as President of Mexico (1876-1911). [13]
  • Juan José Baz y Palafox, Governor of the Federal District ((14 Aug 1867 - 7 Sep 1869)
  • Francisco A. Vélez, Governor of the Federal District (7 Sep 1869 - 27 Jan 1871)
  • Francisco Paz, Governor of the Federal District (27 Jan 1871 - 16 Mar 1871)
  • Gabino Bustamante, Governor of the Federal District (16 Mar 1871 - 14 Jun 1871)
  • Alfredo Chavero, Governor of the Federal District (15 Jun 1871 - 19 Sep 1871)
  • José María Castro, Governor of the Federal District (19 Sep 1871 - 29 Oct 1871)
  • Tiburcio Montiel Domínguez, Governor of the Federal District (29 Oct 1871 - 29 Sep 1873)
  • Joaquín A. Pérez, Governor of the Federal District (29 Sep 1873 - 21 Nov 1876)
  • Protasio Pérez de Tagle, Governor of the Federal District (21 Nov 1876 - 28 Nov 1876)
  • Agustín del Río, Governor of the Federal District (30 Nov 1876 - 7 Feb 1877)
  • Juan Crisóstomo Bonilla, acting Governor of the Federal District (7 Feb 1877 - 19 Feb 1877)
  • Luis del Carmen Curiel, Governor of the Federal District (19 Feb 1877 - 2 Dec 1880)
  • Carlos Pacheco Villalobos, Governor of the Federal District (2 Dec 1880 - 26 Jun 1881)
  • Ramón Fernández, Governor of the Federal District (26 Jun 1881 - 3 May 1884)
  • Carlos Rivas, Governor of the Federal District (3 May 1884 - 2 Dec 1884)
  • José Ceballos, Governor of the Federal District (3 Dec 1884 - 18 Apr 1893)
  • Manuel Domínguez, Governor of the Federal District (19 Apr 1893 - 16 Jul 1893)
  • Pedro Rincón Gallardo, Governor of the Federal District (17 Jul 1893 - 2 Aug 1896)
  • Nicolás Islas y Bustamante, Governor of the Federal District (3 Aug 1896 - 7 Aug 1896)
  • Rafael Rebollar, Governor of the Federal District (8 Aug 1896 - 7 Oct 1900)
  • Guillermo de Landa y Escandón, Governor of the Federal District (8 Oct 1900 - 7 Dec 1900)
  • Ramón Corral Verdugo, Governor of the Federal District (8 Dec 1900 - 2 Jan 1905)

Mexican Cession

  • Capt. Luis Antonio Argüello, governor of Las Californias (22 Nov 1822 - 25 Jun 1825)
  • Lt. Col. José María de Echeandía, governor of Las Californias (25 Jun 1825 - 31 Jan 1831)
  • Manuel Victoria, governor of Alta California (31 Jan 1831 - 6 Dec 1832)
  • José María de Echeandía, governor of Alta California (6 Dec 1831 - 31 Jan 1832)
  • Pío de Jesús Pico, governor of Alta California (11 Jan 1832 - 31 Jan 1832)
  • José María de Echeandía, governor of Alta California (11 Jan 1832 - 31 Jan 1832) In opposition, in Los Angeles
  • Augustín Vicente Zamorano, provisional governor of Alta California (in the north) (31 Jan 1832 - 15 Jan 1833)
  • José María de Echeandía, governor of Alta California (in the south) (31 Jan 1832 - 15 Jan 1833)
  • José Figueroa, governor of Alta California (15 Jan 1833 - 29 Sep 1835)
  • José Castro, acting governor of Alta California (29 Aug 1835 - 2 Jan 1836)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Nicolás Gutiérrez, acting governor of Alta California (2 Jan 1836 - 1 May 1836)
  • Colonel Mariano Chico, governor of Alta California (1 May 1836 - 30 Jul 1836)
  • Nicolás Gutiérrez, acting governor of Alta California (30 May 1836 - 3 Nov 1836)
  • Gen. Juan Bautista Alvarado, self-declared "Presidente de Alta California" following a coup, governor of Alta California (1836–1837)
  • Carlos Antonio Carrillo, governor of Alta California (in opposition to Alvarado) (6 Dec 1837 - Aug 1838)
  • Juan Bautista Valentín Alvarado y Vallejo, governor of Alta California (1838 - 30 Dec 1842) Appointment re-confirmed by the central government.
  • Brigadier General José Manuel Micheltorena, governor of Alta California (30 Dec 1842 - 22 Feb 1845)
  • Pío de Jesús Pico, governor of Alta California (22 Feb 1845 - 7 Jul 1846)
  • California declared a Mexican state (22 Aug 1846)
  • General José María Flores, Governor and Comandante General of Alta California (31 Oct 1846 - 11 Jan 1847) In Los Angeles, in opposition to the U.S.
  • Andrés Pico, acting governor of Alta California (11 Jan 1847 - 13 Jan 1847) In Los Angeles, in opposition to the U.S.
  • William Brown Ide, Commander of the California Republic (14 Jun 1846 - 9 Jul 1846) In Sonoma.
  • U.S. occupation (7 Jul 1846 — 13 Jan 1847)
  • Commodore (USN) John Drake Sloat, 1st military governor (7 Jul 1846 - 29 Jul 1846)
  • Commodore (USN) Robert Field Stockton, 2nd military governor (29 Jul 1846 - 19 Jan 1847)
  • Major General (USA) John Charles Frémont, 3rd military governor (19 Jan 1847 - 1 Mar 1847)
  • Brigadier General (USA) Stephen Watts Kearny, 4th military governor (1 Mar 1847 - 31 May 1847)
  • Richard Barnes Mason, acting military governor (31 May 1847 - 28 Feb 1849) Alta California ceded to the U.S. by Mexico by the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (2 Feb 1848).
  • Territory of the First Mexican Republic Territory of Nuevo México (6 Jul 1824). Renamed Territory of Santa Fé de Nuevo México (4 Oct 1824). Nuevo México Department (30 Dec 1836). U.S. occupation (18 Aug 1846). Nuevo México declared a Mexican state (22 Aug 1846), without effect. Ceded to the U.S. by Mexico by the Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo (2 Feb 1848).
  • United States Military Governors
  • Ramón Músquiz, 13th Governor of Coahuila and Tejas (28 Jun 1835 - 1835) Recognition of the authority of the federal government of Mexico is withdrawn in accordance with a declaration passed by a Convention held at San Felipe de Austin (7 Nov 1835).
  • Governors of the Texas Revolution
  • President of the Convention
  • Richard Ellis, President of the Convention (2 Mar 1836 - 17 Mar 1836)
  • David Gouverneur Burnet, interim President of the Republic of Texas (March 17, 1836 – October 22, 1836)
  • Samuel "Sam" Houston, 1st President of the Republic of Texas (October 22, 1836 – December 10, 1838) Texas Department declared by Mexico (30 Dec 1836), without effect.
  • 10 Dec 1838 - 13 Dec 1841 Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar, 2nd President of the Republic of Texas (December 10, 1838 – December 13, 1841)
  • Samuel "Sam" Houston, 3rd President of the Republic of Texas (December 21, 1841 – December 9, 1844)
  • 9 Dec 1844 - 19 Feb 1846 Anson Jones, 4th President of the Republic of Texas (December 9, 1844 – February 19, 1846) Texas admitted to the U.S (29 Dec 1845). State of Texas (16 Feb 1846). Mexico claims to Texas ended by the Treaty Guadeloupe Hidalgo (2 Feb 1848).

Netherlands

Batavian Republic, Kingdom of Holland, United Kingdom of the Netherlands, Kingdom of the Netherlands
Dutch colonial empire

Asia

Oman

Al Said of Oman

Portugal

Kingdom of Portugal, United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
Portuguese colonial empire

Spain

Bourbon Spain, Kingdom of Spain, First Spanish Republic, Bourbon Restoration
Spanish colonial empire
  • Luis de Medina y Torres, governor and sea commander (Apr 1799 - 15 Mar 1800)
  • Francisco Javier de Viana, governor and sea commander (1800–1801)
  • Ramón Fernández Villegas, governor and sea commander (1801–1802)
  • Bernardo Bonavía, Governor and sea commander (1802–1803)
  • Antonio Leal de Ibarra y Oxinando, Governor and sea commander (1803–1804)
  • Bernardo Bonavía, Governor and sea commander (1804–1805)
  • Antonio Leal de Ibarra y Oxinando, Governor and sea commander (1805–1806)
  • Bernardo Bonavía, Governor and sea commander (1806–1809)
  • Gerardo Bordas, Governor and sea commander (1809–1810)
  • Pablo Guillén Martínez, Governor and sea commander (1810–1811)
  • Presidents of the Provisional Governing Council of the Provinces of the Río de la Plata, in the name of Fernando VII [21]
  • Presidents of the Superior Provisional Government of the United Provinces of Río de la Plata, in the name of Fernando VII [21]
  • Feliciano Antonio Chiclana y Giménez de Paz, (22 Nov 1811 - 23 Mar 1812)
  • Manuel Mariano de Sarratea Altolaguirre, (23 Mar 1812 - 23 Sep 1812)
  • Juan Martín Mariano de Pueyrredón y O'Dogan (23 Sep 1812 - 8 Oct 1812)

United Kingdom

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
British colonial empire

British Isles

See Lieutenant_Governor_of_the_Isle_of_Man#List_of_governors

See Lieutenant Governor of Jersey

Caribbean

  • Governors of Barbados and the Windward Islands
Governorship and colony combined with that of British Windward Islands (1833–1885)
  • William Bodden, Chief magistrate (1776–1823)
  • James Coe the Elder, Chief magistrate (1823–1829)
  • John Drayton, Chief magistrate (1829–1842)
  • James Coe the Younger, Chief magistrate (1842–1855)
  • William Eden, Chief magistrate (1855–1879)
  • William Bodden Webster, Chief magistrate (1879–1888)
  • Edmund Parsons, Chief magistrate (1888–1898)
  • Frederick Shedden Sanguinnetti, Commissioner (1898–1907)
  • Daniel Thomas Smith, Commissioner (1874–1878)
  • Edward Noel Walker, Commissioner (1878)
  • Robert Baxter Llewelyn, Commissioner (1878–1883)
  • Frederick Shedden Sanguinetti, Commissioner (1883–1885)
  • Henry Moore Jackson, Commissioner (1885–1888)
  • Alexis Wynns Harriott, Commissioner (1888–1891)
  • Henry Huggins, Commissioner (1891–1893)
  • Edward John Cameron, Commissioner (1893–1899)
  • Geoffrey Peter St. Aubyn, Commissioner (1899–1901)

See also "Barbados and the British Windward Islands" above.

Mediterranean

North America

Oceania

  • George Beckwith, Governor (1798–1803)
  • Henry Tucker, Governor (1803–1805)
  • Francis Gore, Lieutenant governor (1805–1806)
  • Henry Tucker, Governor (1806)
  • John Hodgson, Governor (1806–1810)
  • Samuel Trott, Governor (1810–1811)
  • James Cockburn, Governor (1811–1812)
  • William Smith, Governor (1812)
  • George Horsford, Lieutenant governor (1812–1816)
  • James Cockburn, Governor (1814–1816)
  • William Smith, Governor (1816–1817)
  • James Cockburn, Governor (1817–1819)
  • William Smith, Governor (1819)
  • William Lumley, Governor (1819–1822)
  • William Smith, Governor (1822–1823)
  • William Lumley, Governor (1823–1825)
  • William Smith, Governor (1825–1826)
  • Hilgrove Turner, Governor (1826–1829)
  • Robert Kennedy, Acting Governor (1829)
  • Hilgrove Turner, Governor (1829–1830)
  • Robert Kennedy, Acting Governor (1830)
  • Hilgrove Turner, Governor (1830–1832)
  • Stephen Chapman, Governor (1832–1835)
  • Henry G. Hunt, Acting Governor (1835)
  • Robert Kennedy, Governor (1835–1836)
  • Stephen Chapman, Governor (1836–1839)
  • William Reid, Governor (1839–1846)
  • William N. Hutchinson, Acting Governor (1846)
  • Charles Elliot, Governor (1846–1852)
  • W. Hassell Eden, Acting Governor (1852–1853)
  • George Philpots, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Soulden Oakley, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Thomas C. Robe, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Soulden Oakley, Acting Governor (1853)
  • Charles Elliot, Governor (1853–1854)
  • Montgomery Williams, Acting Governor (1854)
  • Freeman Murray, Governor (1854–1859)
  • AT. Heniphill, Acting Governor (1859)
  • William Munroe, Governor (1859–1860)
  • Freeman Murray, Governor (1860–1861)
  • Harry Ord, Governor (1861–1864)
  • William Munroe, Acting Governor (1864)
  • W.H. Hamley, Lieutenant governor (1864–1865)
  • Harry St. George Ord, Governor (1865–1866)
  • W.H. Hamley, Lieutenant governor (1866–1867)
  • Arnold Thompson, Acting Governor (1867)
  • Frederick Chapman, Governor (1867–1870)
  • W. F. Brett, Lieutenant governor (1870)
  • John Henry Lefroy, Governor (1871–1877)
  • Robert Michael Laffan, [25] Governor (1877–1882)
  • Thomas L. J. Gallwey, Governor (1882–1888)
  • Edward Newdegate, Governor (1888–1891)
  • Thomas Lyons, Governor (1892–1896)
  • George Digby Barker, Governor (1896–1901)
Became a British colony in 1838

United States of America

Territories in North America

Northwest Territories

  • Indiana Territory (1800-1816) Became western Michigan Territory (1805), Illinois Territory (1809), and the State of Indiana.
  • Illinois Territory (1809-1818) Became the State of Illinois, and part of the Michigan Territory.
  • Wisconsin Territory (1836-1849) Became the Iowa Territory (1838), and the State of Wisconsin, with a portion becoming part of the Minnesota Territory.

District of Columbia

Mississippi Territory

  • Winthrop Sargent, 1st Governor in and over the Mississippi Territory (May 7, 1798 – May 25, 1801) [55]
  • John Steele, Secretary, exercising the powers, and performing the duties of Governor of the Mississippi Territory (7 May 1801 - 23 Nov 1801) [55]
  • William C. C. Claiborne, 2nd Governor in and over the Mississippi Territory (May 25, 1801 – March 1, 1803) [55]
  • Cato West, Secretary, exercising the powers, and performing the duties of Governor of the Mississippi Territory (2 Oct 1804 - 10 May 1805) [55]
  • Robert Williams, 3rd Governor in and over the Mississippi Territory (10 May 1805 - 3 Mar 1809) [55]
  • Thomas Hill Williams, Secretary of the Mississippi Territory, exercising the powers, and performing the duties of Governor thereof (3 Mar 1809 - 30 Jun 1809) [55]
  • David Holmes, 4th Governor in and over the Mississippi Territory (30 Jun 1809 - 7 Oct 1817) [55]

Louisiana Purchase

  • Louisiana Territory organized incorporated territory (July 4, 1805-June 4, 1812) Became Missouri Territory.
  • Missouri Territory organized incorporated territory (June 4, 1812 until August 10, 1821) Became the State of Missouri and the rest unorganized
  • Benjamin Howard, 1st Territorial governor of Missouri (June 4, 1812 — October 31, 1812) [63]
  • Lieutenant William Clark, 2nd Territorial governor of Missouri (July 1, 1813 — September 18, 1820) [64]
  • Arkansas Territory organized incorporated territory (March 2, 1819, to June 15, 1836) (Also called Arkansaw Territory) became the State of Arkansas and unorganized Indian Territory.
  • William B. Conway, interim territorial governor (July 4, 1838 – August 15, 1838) [67]
  • Robert Lucas, 1st territorial governor of Iowa (August 15, 1838 – May 13, 1841) [68]
  • John Chambers, 2nd territorial governor of Iowa (May 13, 1841 — November 18, 1845) [69]
  • James Clarke, 3rd territorial governor of Iowa (November 18, 1845 — December 3, 1846) [70]
  • Andrew Horatio Reeder, 1st Governor of the Territory of Kansas (July 7, 1854 – August 16, 1855) [71]
  • Wilson Shannon, 2nd Governor of the Territory of Kansas (September 7, 1855 – August 18, 1856) [72]
  • John W. Geary, 3rd Governor of the Territory of Kansas (September 9, 1856 – March 20, 1857) [73]
  • Robert J. Walker, 4th Governor of the Territory of Kansas (May 27, 1857 – December 15, 1857) [74]
  • James W. Denver, 5th Governor of the Territory of Kansas (December 1857 – November 1858) [75]
  • Samuel Medary, 6th Governor of the Territory of Kansas (December 1858 – December 1860) [76]
  • Francis Burt, 1st Governor of Nebraska Territory (October 16, 1854 – October 18, 1854) [77]
  • Thomas B. Cuming, acting governor (October 18, 1854 – February 23, 1855) [78]
  • Mark W. Izard, 2nd Governor of Nebraska Territory (February 23, 1855 – October 25, 1857) [79]
  • Thomas B. Cuming, acting governor (October 25, 1857 – January 12, 1858) [80]
  • William Alexander Richardson, 3rd Governor of Nebraska Territory (January 12, 1858 – December 5, 1858) [81]
  • J. Sterling Morton, acting governor (December 5, 1858 – May 2, 1859) [82]
  • Samuel W. Black, 4th Governor of Nebraska Territory (May 2, 1859 – February 24, 1861) [83]
  • J. Sterling Morton (acting governor (February 24, 1861 – March 6, 1861)
  • Algernon S. Paddock, (acting governor (March 6, 1861 – May 15, 1861) [84]
  • Alvin Saunders, 5th Governor of Nebraska Territory (May 15, 1861 – March 1, 1867) [85]
  • Indian Territory (1834–1907) Unorganized semi-sovereign territory of United States Merged with Oklamhoma Territory to become the State of Oklahoma.
  • Unorganized, did not have governors
  • Wilmot Brookings, President of the Dakota Territorial Council (January 1859 – March 2, 1861) [86]
  • Brigadier general John Milton Thayer, 2nd Governor of Wyoming Territory (March 1, 1875 – April 10, 1878) [92]
  • John Wesley Hoyt, 3rd Governor of Wyoming Territory (April 10, 1878 – August 22, 1882) [93]
  • William Hale, 4th Governor of Wyoming Territory (July 18, 1882 – January 13, 1885) [94]
  • Elliot S. N. Morgan, Acting Governor of Wyoming Territory (January 13, 1885 – February 28, 1885) [95]
  • Francis E. Warren, 5th Governor of Wyoming Territory (February 28, 1885 – November 11, 1886) [96]
  • George W. Baxter, 6th Governor of Wyoming Territory (November 11, 1886 – December 20, 1886) [97]
  • Elliot S. N. Morgan, acting Governor of Wyoming Territory (December 20, 1886 – January 24, 1887)
  • Colonel Thomas Moonlight, 7th Governor of Wyoming Territory (January 24, 1887 – April 9, 1889) [98]
  • Francis E. Warren, 8th Governor of Wyoming Territory (April 9, 1889 – October 11, 1890) [99]

North Pacific Coast and Rocky Mountains

  • Joseph Lane, 1st Governor of the Territory of Oregon (March 3, 1849 – June 18, 1850)
  • Kintzing Prichette, 2nd Governor of the Territory of Oregon (June 18, 1850 – August 18, 1850)
  • John P. Gaines, 3rd Governor of the Territory of Oregon (August 18, 1850 – May 16, 1853)
  • Joseph Lane, acting Governor of the Territory of Oregon (May 16, 1853 – May 19, 1853)
  • George Law Curry, acting Governor of the Territory of Oregon (May 19, 1853 – December 2, 1853)
  • John Wesley Davis, 4th Governor of the Territory of Oregon (May 14, 1853 – August 1, 1854)
  • George Law Curry, 5th Governor of the Territory of Oregon (August 1, 1854 – March 3, 1859) Acting governor until 14 Dec 1854.
  • Brigadier general Isaac Stevens, 1st Governor of the Territory of Washington (November 25, 1853 – August 11, 1857)
  • Fayette McMullen, 2nd Governor of the Territory of Washington (September 10, 1857 – July 15, 1859)
  • Richard D. Gholson, 3rd Governor of the Territory of Washington (March 5, 1859 – March 4, 1861) [102]
  • William H. Wallace, 4th Governor of the Territory of Washington, (Appointed April 9, 1861, but did not take office) [103]
  • William Pickering, 5th Governor of the Territory of Washington (June 1862 – January 8, 1867)
  • George Edward Cole, 6th Governor of the Territory of Washington (January 8, 1867 – March 4, 1867)
  • Colonel Marshall F. Moore, 7th Governor of the Territory of Washington (August 26, 1867 – April 5, 1869)
  • Alvan Flanders, 8th Governor of the Territory of Washington (April 5, 1869 – March 4, 1870)
  • Lieutenant colonel Edward S. Salomon, 9th Governor of the Territory of Washington (March 4, 1870 – April 26, 1872)
  • Elisha P. Ferry, 10th Governor of the Territory of Washington (April 26, 1872 – November 1, 1880)
  • William A. Newell, 11th Governor of the Territory of Washington (November 1, 1880 – July 2, 1884)
  • Watson C. Squire, 12th Governor of the Territory of Washington (July 2, 1884 – April 9, 1887)
  • Eugene Semple, 13th Governor of the Territory of Washington (April 9, 1887 – April 9, 1889)
  • Miles Conway Moore, 14th Governor of the Territory of Washington (April 9, 1889 – November 11, 1889)
  • William Hanson Wallace, 1st Governor of the Territory of Idaho (March 10, 1863 – February 1, 1864)
  • William B. Daniels, acting governor (1 Dec 1863 – 1 Aug 1864)
  • Caleb Lyon, 2nd Governor of the Territory of Idaho (26 Feb 1864 – 10 Apr 1866) arrived 1 Aug 1864
  • Clinton DeWitt Smith, acting for Lyons (14 Jun 1865 – 19 Aug 1865)
  • Horace C. Gilson, acting of Lyons (4 Sep 1865 – 10 Apr 1866)
  • David W. Ballard, 3rd Governor of the Territory of Idaho (10 Apr 1866 – 1 Jul 1870) [105] suspended Mar 1867 – Dec 1867
  • Edward J. Curtis, acting governor (30 Mar 1870 – 19 Apr 1871)
  • Samuel Bard, did not take office (30 Mar 1870 – 7 Jun 1870)
  • Gilman Marston, did not take office (7 Jun 1870 – 12 Jun 1870)
  • Alexander Hamilton Conner, did not take office (12 Jun 1870 – 15 Mar 1871)
  • Ebenezer Dumont, did not take office (15 Mar 1871 – 19 Apr 1871)
  • Thomas Meade Bowen, governor (19 Apr 1871 – 5 Sep 1871)
  • Edward J. Curtis, governor (5 Sep 1871 – 24 Oct 1871)
  • Thomas Warren Bennett, governor (24 Oct 1871 – 3 Mar 1875)
  • Edward J. Curtis, governor (3 Mar 1875 – 16 Dec 1875)
  • David Preston Thompson, governor (16 Dec 1875 – 24 Jul 1876)
  • Mason Brayman, governor (24 Jul 1876 – 7 Aug 1880) suspended Jun 1878 - 1878)
  • John Philo Hoyt, did not take office (7 Aug 1878 – 12 Jul 1880)
  • Robert A. Sidebotham, acting governor (7 Aug 1878 – 12 Jul 1880)
  • John B. Neil, governor (12 Jul 1880 –2 Mar 1883)
  • John Nichol Irwin, governor (2 Mar 1883 - 15 May 1883)
  • Edward J. Curtis, acting governor (15 May 1883 – 26 Mar 1884)
  • William Malcolm Bunn, governor (26 Mar 1884 – 29 Sep 1885)
  • David Porter Baker Pride, acting for Bunn (9 Jul 1885 – 29 Sep 1885)
  • Edward A. Stevenson, governor (29 Sep 1885 – 1 Apr 1889)
  • George Laird Shoup, governor (1 Apr 1889 – 19 Dec 1890)

Florida

  • Andrew Jackson Military Commissioner of Florida (March 10, 1821 – December 31, 1821); 7th President of the United States (1829-1837) [106]
  • William Pope Duval, 1st Governor of the Territory of Florida (April 17, 1822 – April 24, 1834) [107]
  • John Eaton, 2nd Governor of the Territory of Florida (April 24, 1834 – March 16, 1836) [108]
  • Richard K. Call, 3rd Governor of the Territory of Florida (March 16, 1836 – December 2, 1839) [109]
  • Robert R. Reid, 4th Governor of the Territory of Florida (December 2, 1839 – March 19, 1841) [110]
  • Richard K. Call, 5th Governor of the Territory of Florida (March 19, 1841 — August 11, 1844)
  • John Branch, Jr., 6th Governor of the Territory of Florida (August 11, 1844 – June 25, 1845) [111]

Mexican Cession

  • Chihuahua: Mexican territory occupied by the United States (March 16, 1848 – May 22, 1848)
  • Guaymas, Sonora: Mexican port occupied by the United States Navy (October 16, 1847 – July 1848) [113] [114]
  • Mazatlán, Sinaloa: Mexican port occupied by the United States Navy (October 11, 1847 – June 17, 1848) [114]
  • Mexico City Mexican territory occupied by the United States (March 16, 1848 – May 22, 1848)
  • U.S. Commanding generals in Mexico City
  • U.S. Military governors of Mexico City
  • Brigadier General of Volunteers John Anthony Quitman, Military governor of Mexico City (September 14, 1847 – November 13, 1847)
  • Brigadier General Persifor Frazer Smith, Military governor of Mexico City (November 13, 1847 – May 1848) [114]
  • Puebla Mexican territory occupied by the United States (June 2, 1847 – June 1848)
  • U.S. Military governors
  • Francis S. Belton, Military governor of Puebla (June 2, 1847 - August 1847) [114]
  • Brevet Brigadier general Thomas Childs, Military governor of Puebla (August 1847 – April 1848) [114]
  • Brigadier general Willis Arnold Gorman, Military governor of Puebla (April 1848 – June 1848) [114]
  • Saltillo Mexican territory occupied by the United States (November 16, 1846 – July 20, 1848)
  • William B. Warren, U.S. military governor of Saltillo (November 16, 1846 – June 24, 1847) [114]
  • Major John M. Washington, Military governor (June 24, 1847 – December 14, 1847) [114]
  • John F. Hamtramck, Military governor (March 8, 1848 – July 20, 1848) [114]
  • Tabasco Mexican territory occupied by the United States (1847–1848)
  • Gershom J. Van Brunt, provisional military governor (June 16, 1847 – June 26 1847) [114]
  • Abraham Bigelow, provisional military governor (26 Jun 1847 – 22 Jul 1847) [114]
  • Tamaulipas Mexican territory occupied by the United States (1846–1848)
  • William Gates, military governor in Tampico (Oct 1846 – Jun 1848) [114]
  • Veracruz Mexican territory occupied by the United States (27 Mar 1847 - Aug 1848)
  • U.S. Military governors
  • New Mexico Territory (1850–1912) Colorado Territory established February 28, 1861. Arizona Territory established February 24, 1863. State of New Mexico created January 6, 1912.
  • Brigadier general Stephen W. Kearny, Military governor (18 Aug 1846 – 26 Sep 1846)
  • Alexander William Doniphan, Military governor (26 Sep 1846 – 14 Dec 1846)
  • Sterling Price, Military governor (14 Dec 1846 – Oct 1848)
  • John MacRae Washington, Military governor (11 Oct 1848 – 23 Oct 1849)
  • John Munroe, Military governor (Oct 1849 – 19 Jul 1851)
  • Lieutenant colonel James S. Calhoun, federal Indian Agent for New Mexico [116]
  • Charles Bent, Governor (26 Sep 1846 – 19 Jan 1847)
  • Donaciano Vigil, acting governor (20 Jan 1847 – Dec 1847), governor (Dec 1847 – 11 Oct 1848)
  • John MacRae Washington, governor (11 Oct 1848 – Oct 1849)
  • John Munroe, governor (23 Oct 1849 – Mar 1851)
  • Henry Connelly, prevented from taking office (Jun 1850 – Sep 1850)
  • James S. Calhoun, 1st Governor of New Mexico Territory (March 3, 1851 – May 6, 1852)
  • Edwin Vose Sumner, acting governor (6 May 1852 – 28 Jun 1852)
  • John Greiner, acting governor (July 2, 1852 – September 13, 1852) [116]
  • William Carr Lane, 2nd Governor of New Mexico Territory (September 13, 1852 – 1853)
  • William Slueman Messervy, acting governor of New Mexico Territory (1853 – Feb 1854)
  • David Meriwether, governor of New Mexico Territory (4 Feb 1854 – May 1857)
  • William Watts Hart Davis, acting governor of New Mexico Territory (May 1857 – Oct 1857)
  • Abraham Rencher, governor of New Mexico Territory (11 Nov 1857 – Aug 1861)
  • Henry Connelly, governor of New Mexico Territory (4 Sep 1861 – 16 Jul 1866) In Colorado exile Mar-Apr 1862.
  • Henry Hopkins Sibley, Confederate military commander (24 Feb 1862 – 12 Apr 1862)
  • William Frederick Milton Arny, acting for Connelly (1862 – Mar 1863)
  • William Frederick Milton Arny, acting for Connelly (1865–1866)
  • Robert Byington Mitchell, governor of New Mexico Territory (16 Jul 1866 – 16 Aug 1869)
  • William Anderson Pile, governor of New Mexico Territory (16 Aug 1869 – 21 Jun 1871)
  • Henry Wetter, acting, governor of New Mexico Territory (Jun 1871 – Aug 1871)
  • Marsh Giddings, governor of New Mexico Territory (Aug 1871 – 3 Jun 1875)
  • William Gillet Ritch, acting governor of New Mexico Territory (3 Jun 1875 – 30 Jul 1875)
  • Samuel Beach Axtell, governor of New Mexico Territory (30 Jul 1875 – 29 Sep 1878)
  • Lewis "Lew" Wallace, governor of New Mexico Territory (29 Sep 1878 – 1881)
  • Lionel Allen Sheldon, governor of New Mexico Territory (4 Jul 1881 – Jun 1885)
  • Edmund Gibson Ross, governor of New Mexico Territory (15 Jun 1885 – Apr 1889)
  • Le Baron Bradford Prince, governor of New Mexico Territory (17 Apr 1889 – 20 Apr 1893)
  • William Taylor Thornton, governor of New Mexico Territory (20 Apr 1893 – Apr 1897)
  • Miguel Antonio Otero, Jr., governor of New Mexico Territory (14 Jul 1897 – 22 Jan 1906)
  • Jefferson Territory unofficial and unrecognized U.S. territory (October 24, 1859 – February 28, 1861) (included parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Utah, and Washington territories)
  • Colorado Territory Organized incorporated territory (February 28, 1861 – August 1, 1876) (drawn from Utah, Nebraska, Kansas, and New Mexico territories) Statehood August 1, 1876
  • Provisional government of Territory of Arizona organized at Tuscon (not recognized by U.S.) [119]
  • Dr. Lewis S. Owings, Governor of the Provisional Territory (1861–1865)
  • Chairman of the Convention [119]
  • Mark Aldrich, (16 Mar 1861 – 3 Apr 1861)
  • Dr. Lewis S. Owings, Governor of the Provisional Territory (3 Apr 1861 – 1 Aug 1861)
  • John Robert Baylor, Governor of the Provisional Territory (1 Aug 1861 – 14 Dec 1861)
  • Henry Hopkins Sibley, Confederate military governor (14 Dec 1861 – 7 Jul 1862)
  • Utah Territory (1850–1896) Colorado Territory formed February 28, 1861. Nevada Territory formed March 2, 1861. Wyoming Territory formed July 25, 1868. Statehood January 4, 1896.
  • President of the Church [121]
  • Brigham Young, governor (3 Jul 1849 – 11 Jul 1857) Not federally recognized until 3 Feb 1851
  • Alfred Cumming, governor (11 Jul 1857 – 17 May 1861)
  • Francis Hall Wooten, acting governor (17 May 1861 – 7 Dec 1861)
  • John W. Dawson, governor (7 Dec 1861 – 31 Dec 1861)
  • Frank Fuller, acting governor (31 Dec 1861 – 31 Mar 1862)
  • Brigham Young, "shadow governor" (Jan 1862 – Jan 1870)
  • Stephen Selwyn Harding, governor (31 Mar 1862 – 22 Jun 1863)
  • James Duane Doty, governor (22 Jun 1863 – 13 Jun 1865)
  • Amos Reed, acting governor (13 Jun 1865 – 3 Oct 1865)
  • Charles Durkee, governor (3 Oct 1865 – 21 Dec 1869)
  • Edwin P. Higgins, acting governor (21 Dec 1869 – Jan 1870)
  • Stephen A. Mann, acting governor (Jan 1870 – 20 Mar 1870)
  • John Wilson Shaffer, governor (20 Mar 1870 – 31 Oct 1870)
  • Vernon H. Vaughan, acting governor (31 Oct 1870 – Jan 1871)
  • George A. Black, acting governor (Jan 1871 – 12 Feb 1871)
  • George Lemuel Woods, governor (12 Feb 1871 – 13 Oct 1874)
  • Samuel Beach Axtell, governor (Dec 1874 – 8 Jun 1875)
  • George W. Emery, governor (8 Jun 1875 – 25 Jan 1880)
  • Eli Houston Murray, governor (28 Feb 1880 – 16 Mar 1886)
  • Caleb Walton West, governor (12 May 1886 – 6 May 1889)
  • Arthur Lloyd Thomas, governor (6 May 1889 – 7 Apr 1893)
  • Caleb Walton West, governor (7 Apr 1893 – 4 Jan 1896)
  • Governor
  • James Warren Nye, governor of Nevada Territory (2 Mar 1861 – 5 Dec 1864) [115]
  • Governors
  • Isaac Roop, provisional governor of Nevada (December 15, 1859 – March 2, 1861)
  • James Warren Nye, governor of Nevada Territory (2 Mar 1861 – 5 Dec 1864) [115]

Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America was an unrecognized country in North America, formed by secessionist slave-holding states, that existed from 1861 to 1865. In Texas v. White the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that rebellious states had never legally left the union. However, the states were ruled by military governments after the war, and by appointed governors during Reconstruction (1865–1877). Those governors are listed here.

  • John S. Phelps, U.S. military governor (19 Jul 1862 – 9 Jul 1863)
  • Thomas Fletcher, acting Confederate governor (4 Nov 1862 – 15 Nov 1862)
  • Harris Flanagin, Confederate governor (November 15, 1862 – April 18, 1864) in exile (April 18, 1864 – May 26, 1865)
  • Isaac Murphy, governor (18 Apr 1864 – 2 Jul 1868) Re-admitted to United States 26 Jun 1868
  • Brigadier General Powell Clayton, governor (2 Jul 1868 – 17 Mar 1871)
  • Ozra Amander Hadley, acting governor (17 Mar 1871 – 6 Jan 1873)
  • Elisha Baxter, governor (6 Jan 1873 – 12 Nov 1874)
  • Augustus Hill Garland, governor (12 Nov 1874 – 11 Jan 1877)
  • Secession by part of the state, ruled by a "Provisional Government." (20 Nov 1861 – 9 Apr 1865)
  • George W. Johnson, Confederate provisional governor (20 Nov 1861 – 9 Apr 1862)
  • Richard Hawes, Confederate provisional governor (4 Oct 1862 – 9 Apr 1865)
  • Brigadier general (CSA) Charles Clark, Confederate governor (16 Nov 1863 – 13 Jun 1865) Federal prisoner from 22 May 1865.
  • William Lewis Sharkey, acting governor (13 Jun 1865 – 16 Oct 1865)
  • Brigadier general (CSA) Benjamin Grubb Humphreys, governor (16 Oct 1865 – 15 Jun 1868)
  • Brigadier general (USA) Adelbert Ames, military governor (15 Jun 1868 – 10 Mar 1870) Re-admitted to the United States, 23 Feb 1870
  • Brigadier general (CSA) James Lusk Alcorn, governor (10 Mar 1870 –30 Nov 1871)
  • Ridgley Ceylon Powers, governor (30 Nov 1871 – 4 Jan 1874)
  • Brigadier general (USA) Adelbert Ames, governor (4 Jan 1874 – 20 Mar 1876)
  • John Marshall Stone, governor (20 Mar 1876 – 9 Jan 1882)
  • Claiborne Fox Jackson, 15th governor of Missouri (3 Jan 1861 – 30 Jul 1861) Continues in dissidence from 30 Jul 1861; Confederate governor (28 Oct 1861 - 7 Dec 1862); in Arkansas exile from 8 Mar 1862
  • Hamilton Rowan Gamble, Union governor (31 Jul 1861 – 31 Jan 1864)
  • Thomas Caute Reynolds, Confederate governor, in Texas exile (7 Dec 1862 – 7 Mar 1865)
  • Brigadier General Edward W. Stanly, U.S. military governor at New Bern (20 May 1862 – 2 Mar 1863) Union occupation of New Bern and Outer Banks, Union occupation of New Bern and Outer Banks.
  • Colonel (CSA) Zebulon Baird Vance, Confederate governor (8 Sep 1862 – 29 May 1865)
  • William Woods Holden, provisional governor (29 May 1865 – 15 Dec 1865)
  • Jonathan Worth, governor (15 Dec 1865 – 1 Jul 1868)
  • William Woods Holden, governor (1 Jul 1868 – 15 Dec 1870) Re-admitted to the United States, 4 Jul 1868
  • Tod Robinson Caldwell, governor (15 Dec 1870 – 11 Jul 1874)
  • Curtis Hooks Brogden, governor (11 Jul 1874 – 1 Jan 1877)
  • Francis Harrison Pierpont, governor of the restored government of Virginia (19 Jun 1861 – 4 Apr 1868); in Wheeling to 28 Aug 1863, then Alexandria to 26 May 1865. Separation of West Virginia, 20 Jun 1863.
  • Colonel (USV) Henry H. Wells, provisional governor (4 Apr 1868 – 21 Sep 1869)
  • Gilbert Carlton Walker, provisional governor (21 Sep 1869 – 1 Jan 1870) and elected governor (1 Jan 1870 — 1 Jan 1874) Virginia re-admitted to the United States, 26 Jan 1870.
  • Major General (CSA) James L. Kemper, governor (1 Jan 1874 – 1 Jan 1878)
  • Occupied by federal troops, Jun 1861 – 20 Jun 1863.
  • Administered by "Restored Government of Virginia" (20 Jun 1861 – 20 Jun 1863) See "Virginia", above.
  • Statehood, 20 Jun 1863

Alaska

United States overseas territories

Caribbean Sea

  • Manuel Macías y Casado, Spanish governor-general of Puerto Rico (3 Feb 1898 – 14 Oct 1898) Occupied by the U.S. starting 25 Jul 1898.
  • Ricardo de Ortega y Diez, acting governor-general of Puerto Rico (14–16 Oct 1898)
  • Ángel Rivero Méndez, acting governor-general of Puerto Rico (16–18 Oct 1898)
  • Lieutenant General Nelson Appleton Miles, Commanding General of the U.S. Army (25 Jul – 18 Oct 1898)
  • Major General John Rutter Brooke, military governor (18 Oct 1898 – 6 Dec 1898)
  • Major General Guy Vernor Henry, military governor (6 Dec 1898 – 9 May 1899)
  • Major General George Whitefield Davis, military governor (9 May 1899 – 1 May 1900)
  • Cuba Spain ceded colonial authority to the U.S. on January 1, 1899 (de jure from 11 Apr 1899). [131]
  • President of the Assembly of Representatives of the Cuban Revolution
  • Domingo Méndez Capote, (7–10 Nov 1898)
  • Presidents of the Executive Council of the Assembly of Representatives of the Cuban Revolution
  • General Rafael María Portuondo Tomayo, (10 Nov 1898 – 4 Apr 1899) [132]
  • General of Division José Lacret y Morlot, (4 Apr – 30 Jun 1899) [133]

Pacific Ocean

  • Territory of Hawaii Annexed by the U.S. on August 12, 1898. Organized as territory (14 Jun 1900 — 21 Aug 1959). Statehood 21 Aug 1959. [104]
  • The Philippines Proclamation of independence (insurrection against Spain and then the U.S.; 12 Jun 1898 - 13 Apr 1902). The U.S. occupies Manila (14 Aug 1898). Treaty of Paris (1898) ceding the Philippines by Spain to the U.S., proclaimed Philippine Islands (11 Apr 1899). U.S territory (14 Aug 1898 - 3 Jan 1942) [135]

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  1. The date of the creation of the state is open to dispute. "World Statesmen" gives the date August 22, 1846. "Memoria Politica" sites the 1857 Constitution. The state government claims May 23, 1835