List of governors of dependent territories in the 20th century

Last updated
Territorial governors in the 19th centuryTerritorial governors in the 21st centuryColonial and territorial governors by year

This is a list of territorial governors in the 20th century (1901–2000) AD, such as the administrators of colonies, protectorates, or other dependencies. Where applicable, native rulers are also listed.

Colony territory under the political control of an overseas state, generally with its own subordinate colonial government

In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control and occupied by settlers of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign. For colonies in antiquity, city-states would often found their own colonies. Some colonies were historically countries, while others were territories without definite statehood from their inception.

A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state. In exchange for this, the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship. Therefore, a protectorate remains an autonomous part of a sovereign state. They are different from colonies as they have local rulers and people ruling over the territory and experience rare cases of immigration of settlers from the country it has suzerainty of. However, a state which remains under the protection of another state but still retains independence is known as a protected state and is different from protectorates.

A dependent territory, dependent area or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area.

Contents

For the purposes of this list, a current dependency is any entity listed on these lists of dependent territories and other entities. A dependent territory is normally a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state yet remains politically outside of the controlling state's integral area. [1] This latter condition distinguishes a dependent territory from an autonomous region or administrative division, which forms an integral part of the 'parent' state. The administrators of uninhabited territories are excluded.

Independence condition of a nation, country, or state which exercises self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory

Independence is a condition of a person, nation, country, or state in which its residents and population, or some portion thereof, exercise self-government, and usually sovereignty, over the territory. The opposite of independence is the status of a dependent territory.

Sovereignty concept that a state or governing body has the right and power to govern itself without outside interference

Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity.

Sovereign state Political organization with a centralized independent government

In international law, a sovereign state, sovereign country, or simply state, is a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states. It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power or state.

Australia

Australia
Note: administrates Christmas Island (since 1998) and Cocos (Keeling) Islands (since 1996)

Ronald George "Ron" Harvey, is a former senior Australian public servant and sport administrator. He was the third Director of the Australian Institute of Sport, serving in the role from 1987 until 1989.

Commodore William Leonard Taylor was an Australian Naval Officer, Politician and Administrator. He was born in Toowoomba, Queensland and later served that City and surrounding districts as the Commonwealth Parliamentary representative.

John William Stokes, also known as Jack Stokes was an Australian administrator in the Northern Territory Police, and on the Territories of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands and of Christmas Island.

Harry Webb (politician) Australian politician

Charles Harry Webb was an Australian politician. Born in England, he migrated to Australia in 1913 and was educated at state schools, after which he became a locomotive engineman. He rose to become Secretary of the Western Australian branch of the Australian Federated Union of Locomotive Enginemen, and was a member of the executive of the Australian Council of Trade Unions. He was also president of the Western Australian Trades Union Industrial Council, and served as president of the Western Australian Labor Party from 1946 to 1955. In 1954, he was elected to the Australian House of Representatives as the Labor member for Swan; he transferred to the new seat of Stirling in 1955. He was defeated by a Liberal candidate in 1958, but was re-elected in 1961. He held the seat until his defeat in 1972. Webb died in 2000.

William Worth was an Australian diplomat who served two terms as the acting secretary general of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).

  • Lillian Oh, President (1992–1995)
  • Jeffery Tan, Acting President (1995–1997)
  • Andrew Smolders, President (1998–1999)
  • Dave McLane, President (1999–2001)
  • Parson bin Yapat, Chairmen (1979–1981)
  • Wahin bin Bynie, Chairmen (1981–1983)
  • Parson bin Yapat, Chairmen (1983–1993)
  • Ron Grant, President (1993–1995)
  • Radal bin Feyrel, President (1995–1999)
  • Mohammad Said Chongkin, President (1999–2001)
Peter Coleman Australian writer, journalist and politician

William Peter Coleman was an Australian writer and politician. A widely published journalist for over 60 years, he was editor of The Bulletin (1964–1967) and of Quadrant for 20 years, and published 16 books on political, biographical and cultural subjects. While still working as an editor and journalist he had a short but distinguished political career as a Member of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly from 1968–1978 for the Liberal Party, serving both as a Minister in the State Cabinet and in the final year as Leader of the New South Wales Opposition. From 1981–1987 he was the member for Wentworth in the Australian House of Representatives.

Anthony John Messner is a former Australian politician and minister.

Belgium

Belgium
Belgian colonial empire

China

People's Republic of China

Denmark

Denmark

Finland

Finland
  • Governors

France

French Third Republic, Vichy France, French Fourth Republic, French Fifth Republic

Africa

Asia

Caribbean

  • Prefects: the prefect of Guadeloupe has been the representative of Saint Barthélemy since 2007
  • Prefects-delegated of Saint Barthélemy and Saint Martin
  • Presidents of the Territorial Council
  • Prefects: the prefect of Guadeloupe has been the representative of Saint Martin since 2007
  • Prefects-delegated of Saint Martin and Saint Martin
  • Presidents of the Territorial Council

North America

Oceania

Japan

Empire of Japan: Japanese colonial empire

Mexico

Netherlands

Kingdom of the Netherlands
Dutch colonial empire

Asia

Caribbean

New Zealand

New Zealand
  • High commissioners
  • Commissioners
  • Representatives

Norway

Norway

Portugal

Kingdom of Portugal, First Portuguese Republic, Ditadura Nacional, Second Portuguese Republic, Third Portuguese Republic
Portuguese colonial empire

Africa

  • Overseas Province of Portugal
  • local administration
  • Vítor Crespo, High commissioner and Governor general (1974–1975)
Crown colony
Overseas province
Autonomous province

Asia

Oceania

South Africa

Union of South Africa, Republic of South Africa

United Kingdom

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
British colonial empire

Africa

  • Resident commissioners
  • Resident commissioners

Asia

  • High commissioners
  • Chief ministers
  • British political agents
  • British political agents
  • Chief ministers
  • British political agents

British Isles

  • Thomas Godfrey Carey, Bailiff (1895–1902)<ref Morgan, Henry James, ed. (1903). Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada. Toronto: Williams Briggs. p. 44.</ref>
  • Henry Alexander Giffard, Bailiff (1902–1908) [23] [24]
  • William Carey, Bailiff (1908–1915)
  • Edward Chepmell Ozanne, Bailiff (1915–1922)
  • Havilland Walter de Sausmarez, Bailiff (1922–1929)
  • Arthur William Bell, Bailiff (1929–1935)
  • Victor Carey, Bailiff (1935–1946)
  • Ambrose Sherwill, Bailiff (1946–1959)
  • William Arnold, Bailiff (1959–1973)
  • John Loveridge, Bailiff (1973–1982) [25]
  • Charles Frossard, Bailiff (1982–1992)
  • Graham Martyn Dorey, Bailiff (1992–1999)
  • de Vic Carey, Bailiff (1999–2005)
  • Alderney, self-governing island of Guernsey
  • Sark, self-governing island of Guernsey

Caribbean and Central America

  • Charles Harry Godden, Governor (1982–1983)
  • Alastair Turner Baillie, Governor (1983–1987)
  • Geoffrey Owen Whittaker, Governor (1987–1989)
  • Brian G.J. Canty, Governor (1989–1992)
  • Alan W. Shave, Governor (1992–1995)
  • Alan Hoole, Governor (1995–1996)
  • Robert Harris, Governor (1996–2000)
  • Roger Cousins, Acting Governor (2000)
  • Peter Johnstone, Governor (2000–2004)
  • Vere Bird, Chief minister (1960–1967), Premier (1967–1971)
  • Vere Bird, Premier (1976–1994)
  • Lynden Pindling, Premier (1967–1992), Premier (1967–1969), Prime minister (1969–1973)
  • Frederick Shedden Sanguinnetti, Commissioner (1898–1907)
  • George Stephenson Hirst, Commissioner (1907–1912)
  • Arthur C Robinson, Commissioner (1912–1919)
  • Hugh Houston Hutchings, Commissioner (1919–1929)
  • Captain G. H. Frith, Commissioner (1929–1931)
  • Ernest Arthur Weston, Commissioner (1931–1934)
  • Allen Wosley Cardinall, Commissioner (1934–1940)
  • Albert C. Panton Snr, Acting Commissioner (1940–1941)
  • John Perry Jones, Commissioner (1941–1946)
  • Ivor Otterbein Smith, Commissioner (1946–1952)
  • Andrew Morris Gerrard, Commissioner (1952–1956)
  • Alan Hillard Donald, Commissioner (1956–1959), Administrator (1959–1960)
  • Jack Rose, Administrator (1960–1964) [29]
  • John Alfred Cumber Kt, Administrator (1964–1968)
  • Athelstan Charles Ethelwulf Long, Administrator (1968–1971), Governor (1971–1972)
  • Kenneth Roy Crook, Governor (1972–1974)
  • Thomas Russell, Governor (1974–1982)
  • George Peter Lloyd, Governor (1982–1987)
  • Alan James Scott, Governor (1987–1992)
  • Michael Edward John Gore, Governor (1992–1995)
  • John Wynne Owen, Governor (1995–1999)
  • Peter Smith, Governor (1999–2002)
  • Eric Gairy, Premier (1967–1974), Prime minister (1974–1978)
  • Geoffrey Peter St. Aubyn, Commissioner (1899-1901)
  • William Douglas Young, Commissioner (1901-1905 [30] )
  • Frederick Henry Watkins, Commissioner (1905-1914)
  • George Whitfield Smith, Commissioner (1914-1923)
  • Harold Ernest Phillips, Commissioner (1923-1932)
  • Hugh Houston Hutchings, Commissioner (1933-1934)
  • Frank Cecil Clarkson, Commissioner (1934-1936)
  • Hugh Charles Norwood Hill, Commissioner (1936-1940)
  • Edwin Porter Arrowsmith, Commissioner (1940-1946)
  • Cyril Eric Wool-Lewis, Commissioner (1947-1952)
  • Peter Bleackley, Commissioner (1952-1955)
  • Ernest Gordon Lewis, Commissioner (1955-1958)
  • Geoffrey Colin Guy, Commissioner (1958-1959)

Mediterranean

  • Administrators

North America

Oceania

  • Chief ministers
  • Commissioners
  • M. E. Wainwright, Administrator (1964–1966)
  • Anthony G.A. Beyts, Administrator (1966–1967)
  • H. W. D. McDonald, Administrator (1968–1973)
  • Geoffrey Colin Guy, Administrator (1973–1976)
  • G. McDonald, Administrator (1976–1977)
  • G. B. Kendal, Administrator (1977)
  • Simon Gillett, Administrator (1977–1979)
  • P. Duncan, Administrator (1979–1980)
  • Bernard Edward Pauncefort, Administrator (1980–1982)
  • I. G. Thow, Administrator (1982–1984)
  • Michael T. S. Blick, Administrator (1984–1989)
  • J. J. Beale, Administrator (1989 –1991)
  • Brian Norman Connelly, Administrator (1991–1995)
  • Roger C. Huxley, Administrator (1995–1999)
  • Geoffrey Fairhurst, Administrator (1999–2002)

South America

United States territories

North and Central America

List of governors of Alaska [32]
  • John Green Brady 1897-1906 [32]
  • Wilford Bacon Hoggart 1906-1909 [32]
  • Walter Eli Clark, 7th Governor of the District of Alaska (May 20, 1909–August 24, 1912) [32]
List of governors of Arizona, (1860-1912) [33]
Mayors of the District of Columbia
New Mexico Territory, an Organized incorporated territory (1850-1912)
Oklahoma Territory, an Organized incorporated territory (1890-1907) (merged with Indian Territory, 1907)
List of governors of the Panama Canal Zone
  • Administrators of the Panama Canal Commission
  • Dennis P. McAuliffe, 1st Administrator of the Panama Canal Commission (1979-1989) [37]
  • Gilberto Guardia Fabrega, 2nd Administrator of the Panama Canal Commission (1989-1996) [37]
  • Alberto Aleman Zubieta, 3rd Administrator of the Panama Canal Commission (1996-2012) [37]

Caribbean Sea

List of colonial governors of Cuba
Puerto Rico, unincorporated territory
United States Virgin Islands, unincorporated territory

Pacific Ocean

United States territorial acquisitions
American Samoa, unincorporated territory
  • Territorial governors
Wake Island, unincorporated territory
  • Pan American Airways Island Managers (1935-1942) [53]
  • William S. Grooch (9 May 1935-4 July 1935)
  • George W. Bicknell (July 1935-1936)
  • Stewart Acers Saunders (1936-1937)
  • Don Young (1937-193.)
  • Kenneth S. Sitton (193.-19..)
  • Jack C. Bonamy (1940?-1941)
  • Island commanders (Jan? 1941-December 23, 1941) [53]
  • Elmer B. Greey, officer-in-charge (Jan? 1941-19 Aug 1941)
  • Lewis A. Hohn (19 Aug 1941-15 Oct 1941)
  • James Patrick Sinnott Devereux (15 Oct 1941-29 Nov 1941)
  • Winfield Scott Cunningham (29 Nov 1941-23 Dec 1941)
  • Japanese Commanders (December 23, 1941-September 4, 1945) [53]
  • Island commanders (September 4, 1945-194?) [53]
  • Lawson H. Sanderson (4 Sep 1945-12 Sep 1945)
  • William Masek (12 Sep 1945-9 Oct 1945)
  • Earl A. Junghans (9 Oct 1945-1946?)
  • ...? (1946?-1947)
  • ...? (1 Jul 1947-Mar 1948)
  • Thomas D. Musson (Mar 1948-c.1958)
  • Allan Andrews (19.. - 24 Jun 1972)
  • Governors (also General Counsels of the U.S. Air Force) (25 Jun 1972-Present)
  • Jack L. Stempler, general counsel (25 Jun 1972-22 Mar 1977)
  • Peter B. Hamilton (3 May 1977-31 Dec 1978)
  • Stuart R. Reichart (20 Nov 1978-10 Jun 1981)
  • David Elliott Place (10 Jun 1981-2 Mar 1984)
  • Eugene R. Sullivan (2 Mar 1984 - 26 May 1986)
  • Kathleen A. Buck (1 Jun 1986 - 26 Oct 1987)
  • Anne Newman Foreman (8 Nov 1987 - 26 Sep 1989)
  • Roy G. Wuchitech (acting) (27 Sep 1989 - 1 Dec 1989)
  • Ann C. Peterson (4 Dec 1989 - 20 Jan 1993)
  • Myron H. Nordquist (20 Jan 1993 - 10 Jul 1993)
  • Vacant? (10 Jul 1993 - 22 Nov 1993)
  • Gilbert F. Casellas (22 Nov 1993 - 3 Oct 1994)
  • Sheila C. Cheston (3 Oct 1994 - Oct 1998)
  • Jeh C. Johnson (Oct 1998 - 31 Dec 2000)

Other

See also

References

  1. United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Rulers.org http://rulers.org/mexstat.html . Retrieved June 17, 2019.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Efemérides Estatales Marzo" [State Events of March]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "Efemérides Estatales Agosto" [State Events of August]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Efemérides Estatales Octubre" [State Events of October]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 4 "Efemérides Estatales Febrero" [State Events of February]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 "Efemérides Estatales Septiembre" [State Events of September]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  8. 1 2 "Efemérides Estatales Enero" [State Events of January]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  9. "Efemérides Estatales Mayo" [State Events of May]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  10. 1 2 "Efemérides Estatales Noviembre" [State Events of November]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  11. "Efemérides Estatales Agosto" [State Events of August]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  12. "Efemérides Estatales DICIEMBRE" [State Events of December]. Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  13. "HISTORIA,Gobernadores". Baja California.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  14. "Francisco J. Múgica Velázquez". Vida Alterna (in Spanish). Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  15. "Fallece Félix Agramont Cota, primer gobernador de BCS" [Félix Agramont Cota,First Governor of BCS, dies], Cronica.com.mx (in Spanish), May 12, 2013, retrieved June 16, 2019
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Sanabria, Lucy (December 5, 2018). "¿LOS CONOCISTE?, ¿LOS RECUERDAS? ELLOS FUERON LOS REGENTES Y JEFES DE GOBIERNO CDMX" [Did you know them? Do you remember? They were the Regents and Chief Executives of CDMX]. Sopitas.com (in Spanish). Retrieved June 17, 2019.
  17. 1 2 Mercado, Angelica (December 16, 2015), "Senado aprueba la creacion del Estado 32" [Senate approves creation of 32nd state], Milenio (in Spanish), Mexico City, retrieved June 17, 2019
  18. "Historia Morelos" [History Morelos]. Enciclopedia de los Delegaciones y Municipios de Mexico, Estado de Morelos (in Spanish). Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  19. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Gobernadores" [Governors]. Morelos.gob.mx (in Spanish). Retrieved June 16, 2019.
  20. "El General Rafael Buelna Tenorio… El Granito de oro" [General Rafael Buelna Tenorio… Golden Granite]. Foros de El Siglo (in Spanish). September 25, 2017.
  21. 1 2 Subordinated to the Chief political resident of the Persian Gulf, see under Bahrain.
  22. "The London Gazette" (34053). p. 3353.
  23. The Times (36680). London. 1 February 1902. p. 11.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  24. "No. 27403". The London Gazette . 4 February 1902. p. 709.
  25. "The London Gazette" (46042). p. 9038.
  26. "Death of a Dame". Time. 29 July 1974. Retrieved 2008-12-11. Nearly all 560 subjects of the medieval fiefdom of Sark gathered last week around a gnarled oak tree in their parish churchyard to mourn Dame Sibyl Mary Collings Beaumont Hathaway, 21st Seigneur of Sark.
  27. "No. 27464". The London Gazette . 12 August 1902. p. 5175.
  28. "No. 27245". The London Gazette . 9 November 1900. p. 6854.
  29. "Wing Commander Jack Rose (obituary)". The Daily Telegraph. 2009-11-10.
  30. "No. 27345". The London Gazette . 13 August 1901. p. 5332.
  31. "No. 27398". The London Gazette . 17 January 1902. p. 385.
  32. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "Alaska's Government Officials Since 1790". University of Alaska. 23 June 2009. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  33. 1 2 3 4 5 "Governors of Arizona". doney.net. September 16, 2016. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  34. 1 2 3 4 5 "Mayors of the District of Columbia Since Home Rule". DC.gov. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  35. 1 2 3 4 "New Mexico: Territorial Governors". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  36. 1 2 3 4 5 "Records and Reports of OK Territorial Governors". Oklahoma Department of Libraries. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  37. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 "Governors and Administrators". Canal de Panamá. September 4, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  38. "Records of the Military Government of Cuba". National Archives. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  39. 1 2 3 "Cuba". The History Files. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  40. "NEW GOVERNORS FOR CUBA.; American Army Officers Put in as Executives in the Provinces". New York Times archives. August 7, 1908. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  41. "ALLEN, Charles Herbert, (1848 - 1934)". Biographical Dictionary of the United States Congress. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  42. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 "Puerto Rico". World Statesmen.org. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  43. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Puerto Rico". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  44. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Virgin Islands: Past Governors Bios". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  45. "1900 Flag Day Flag Pole". American Samoa Historic Preservation Organization. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  46. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 "Lawrence McCully Judd". Hawaii History.org. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  47. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "American Samoa: Past Governors Bios". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  48. 1 2 3 Cahoon, Ben. "Guam". World Statesmen.org. Retrieved June 14, 2019.
  49. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Guam: Past Governors Bios" . Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  50. Kim, Alice (June 14, 2015). "Hawaii's First Governor and Hawaii Becoming American". Hawai'i Digital Newspaper Project. Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  51. "Hawaii: Past Governors Bios". National Governors Association. Retrieved June 15, 2019.
  52. 1 2 3 4 "Northern Mariana Islands: Past Governors Bios" . Retrieved June 13, 2019.
  53. 1 2 3 4 5 Cahoon, Ben. "Wake Island". World Statesment.org. Retrieved June 14, 2019.