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There are at least 109 mountains on Earth with elevations greater than 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian and Eurasian plate.
The dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear (see also Highest unclimbed mountain). A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called topographic prominence or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the "parent peak"). A common definition of a mountain is a summit with 300 m (980 ft) prominence. Alternatively, a relative prominence (prominence/height) is used (usually 7–8%) to reflect that in higher mountain ranges everything is on a larger scale. The table below lists the highest 100 summits with at least 500 m (1,640 ft) prominence, approximating a 7% relative prominence. A drawback of a prominence-based list is that it may exclude well-known or spectacular mountains that are connected via a high ridge to a taller summit, such as Eiger, Nuptse or Annapurna IV. A few such peaks and mountains with nearly sufficient prominence are included in this list, and given a rank of "S".
It is very unlikely that all given heights are correct to the nearest metre; indeed, the sea level is often problematic to define when a mountain is remote from the sea. Different sources often differ by many metres, and the heights given below may well differ from those elsewhere in this encyclopedia. As an extreme example, Ulugh Muztagh on the north Tibetan Plateau is often listed as 7,723 m (25,338 ft) to 7,754 m (25,440 ft), but appears to be only 6,973 m (22,877 ft) to 6,987 m (22,923 ft). Some mountains differ by > 100 m (330 ft) on different maps, while even very thorough current measurements of Mount Everest range from 8,840 m (29,003 ft) to 8,850 m (29,035 ft). These discrepancies serve to emphasize the uncertainties in the listed heights.
Though some parts of the world, especially the most mountainous parts, have never been thoroughly mapped, it is unlikely that any mountains this high have been overlooked, because synthetic aperture radar can and has been used to measure elevations of most otherwise inaccessible places. Still, heights or prominences may be revised, so that the order of the list may change and even "new" mountains could enter the list over time. To be safe, the list has been extended to include all 7,200 m (23,622 ft) peaks.
The highest mountains above sea level are generally not the highest above the surrounding terrain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Denali, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure.[ citation needed ] The bases of mountain islands are below sea level, and given this consideration Mauna Kea (4,207 m (13,802 ft) above sea level) is the world's tallest mountain and volcano, rising about 10,203 m (33,474 ft) from the Pacific Ocean floor. Mount Lamlam on Guam is periodically claimed to be among the world's highest mountains because it is adjacent to the Mariana Trench; the most extreme claim is that, measured from Challenger Deep 313 kilometres (194 mi) away, Mount Lamlam is 37,820 feet (11,530 m) tall. Ojos del Salado has the greatest rise on Earth: 13,420 m (44,029 ft) vertically to the summit[ citation needed ] from the bottom of the Atacama Trench, which is about 560 km (350 mi) away, although most of this rise is not part of the mountain.
The highest mountains are also not generally the most voluminous. Mauna Loa (4,169 m or 13,678 ft) is the largest mountain on Earth in terms of base area (about 2,000 sq mi or 5,200 km2) and volume (about 10,000 cu mi or 42,000 km3), although, due to the intergrade of lava from Kilauea, Hualalai and Mauna Kea, the volume can only be estimated based on surface area and height of the edifice. Mount Kilimanjaro is the largest non-shield volcano in terms of both base area (245 sq mi or 635 km2) and volume (1,150 cu mi or 4,793 km3). Mount Logan is the largest non-volcanic mountain in base area (120 sq mi or 311 km2).
The highest mountains above sea level are also not those with peaks farthest from the centre of the Earth, because the figure of the Earth is not spherical. Sea level closer to the equator is several kilometres farther from the centre of the Earth. The summit of Chimborazo, Ecuador's tallest mountain, is usually considered to be the farthest point from the Earth's centre, although the southern summit of Peru's tallest mountain, Huascarán, is another contender. km less than that of Everest.Both have elevations above sea level more than 2
Almost all mountains in the list are located in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges to the south and west of the Tibetan plateau. All peaks 7,000 m (23,000 ft) or higher are located in East, Central or South Asia in a rectangle edged by Noshaq (7,492 m or 24,580 ft) on the Afghanistan–Pakistan border in the west, Jengish Chokusu (Tuōmù'ěr Fēng, 7,439 m or 24,406 ft) on the Kyrgyzstan–Xinjiang border to the north, Gongga Shan (Minya Konka, 7,556 m or 24,790 ft) in Sichuan to the east, and Kabru (7,412 m or 24,318 ft) on the Sikkim–Nepal border to the south.
As of December 2018 [update] , the highest peaks on four of the mountains — Gangkhar Puensum, Labuche Kang III, Karjiang, and Tongshanjiabu, all located in Bhutan or China — have not been ascended. The most recent peak to have its first ever ascent is Saser Kangri II East, in India, on 24 August 2011.
The highest mountain outside of Asia is Aconcagua (6,961 m or 22,838 ft), the 189th highest in the world.
|Rank||Mountain name(s)||Height||Prominence||Range||Coordinates|| Parent mountain ||Ascents before 2004||Country (disputed claims in italics)|
|2||K2||8,611||28,251||4,020||13,190||Baltoro Karakoram||Mount Everest||1954||45||44|
|3||Kangchenjunga||8,586||28,169||3,922||12,867||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||*||Mount Everest||1955||38||24|
|4||Lhotse||8,516||27,940||610||2,000||Mahalangur Himalaya||Mount Everest||1956||26||26|
|5||Makalu||8,485||27,838||2,378||7,802||Mahalangur Himalaya||Mount Everest||1955||45||—|
|6||Cho Oyu||8,188||26,864||2,340||7,680||Mahalangur Himalaya||Mount Everest||1954||79||28|
|7||Dhaulagiri I||8,167||26,795||3,357||11,014||Dhaulagiri Himalaya||K2||1960||51||39||Nepal|
|8||Manaslu||8,163||26,781||3,092||10,144||Manaslu Himalaya||Cho Oyu||1956||49||45||Nepal|
|9||Nanga Parbat||8,126||26,660||4,608||15,118||Nanga Parbat Himalaya||Dhaulagiri||1953||52||67||Pakistan|
|10||Annapurna I||8,091||26,545||2,984||9,790||Annapurna Himalaya||Cho Oyu||1950||97||88||Nepal|
|12||Broad Peak||8,051||26,414||1,701||5,581||Baltoro Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1957||39||19|
|13||8,035||26,362||1,524||5,000||Baltoro Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1956||54||12|
|14||8,027||26,335||2,897||9,505||Jugal Himalaya||Cho Oyu||1964||43||19||China|
|15||Gyachung Kang||7,952||26,089||672||2,205||Mahalangur Himalaya||Cho Oyu||1964||5||3|
|S||7,946||26,070||355||1,165||Baltoro Karakoram||Gasherbrum II||1975||2||2|
|16||Annapurna II||7,937||26,040||2,437||7,995||Annapurna Himalaya||Annapurna I||1960||6||19||Nepal|
|17||7,932||26,024||712||2,336||Baltoro Karakoram||Gasherbrum III||1958||4||11||Pakistan|
|19||Distaghil Sar||7,884||25,866||2,525||8,284||Hispar Karakoram||K2||1960||3||5||Pakistan|
|20||Ngadi Chuli||7,871||25,823||1,011||3,317||Manaslu Himalaya||Manaslu||1979||1||6||Nepal|
|21||Khunyang Chhish||7,823||25,666||1,765||5,791||Hispar Karakoram||*||Distaghil Sar||1971||2||6||Pakistan|
|22||7,821||25,659||2,457||8,061||Masherbrum Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1960||4||9||Pakistan|
|23||Nanda Devi||7,816||25,643||3,139||10,299||Garhwal Himalaya||Dhaulagiri||1936||14||12||India|
|24||Chomo Lonzo||7,804||25,604||590||1,940||Mahalangur Himalaya||Makalu||1954||3||1||China|
|25||Batura Sar||7,795||25,574||3,118||10,230||Batura Karakoram||Distaghil Sar||1976||4||6||Pakistan|
|26||Rakaposhi||7,788||25,551||2,818||9,245||Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram||Khunyang Chhish||1958||8||13||Pakistan|
|27||Namcha Barwa||7,782||25,531||4,106||13,471||Assam Himalaya||Kangchenjunga||1992||1||2||China|
|28||Kanjut Sar||7,760||25,460||1,660||5,450||Hispar Karakoram||Khunyang Chhish||1959||2||1||Pakistan|
|29||Kamet||7,756||25,446||2,825||9,268||Garhwal Himalaya||*||Nanda Devi||1931||23||14||India|
|30||Dhaulagiri II||7,751||25,430||2,397||7,864||Dhaulagiri Himalaya||Dhaulagiri||1971||4||11||Nepal|
|31||7,742||25,400||2,160||7,090||Saltoro Karakoram||*||Gasherbrum I||1962||2||1|
|33||Tirich Mir||7,708||25,289||3,910||12,830||Hindu Kush||*||Batura Sar||1950||20||11||Pakistan|
|34||Gurla Mandhata||7,694||25,243||2,788||9,147||Nalakankar Himalaya||Dhaulagiri||1985||6||4||China|
|35||7,672||25,171||2,304||7,559||Saser Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1973||6||4||India|
|36||Chogolisa||7,665||25,148||1,624||5,328||Masherbrum Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1975||4||2||Pakistan|
|S||Dhaulagiri IV||7,661||25,135||469||1,539||Dhaulagiri Himalaya||Dhaulagiri II||1975||2||10||Nepal|
|37||Kongur Tagh||7,649||25,095||3,585||11,762||Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs)||Distaghil Sar||1981||2||4||China|
|S||Dhaulagiri V||7,618||24,993||340||1,120||Dhaulagiri Himalaya||*||Dhaulagiri IV||1975||2||3||Nepal|
|38||Shispare||7,611||24,970||1,240||4,070||Batura Karakoram||Batura Sar||1974||3||1||Pakistan|
|39||Trivor||7,577||24,859||997||3,271||Hispar Karakoram||*||Distaghil Sar||1960||2||5||Pakistan|
|40||Gangkhar Puensum||7,570||24,840||2,995||9,826||Kula Kangri Himalaya||*||Kangchenjunga||unclimbed||0||3|
|41||7,556||24,790||3,642||11,949||Daxue Mountains (Hengduan Shan)||Mount Everest||1932||6||7||China|
|42||Annapurna III||7,555||24,787||703||2,306||Annapurna Himalaya||Annapurna I||1961||10||17||Nepal|
|43||Skyang Kangri||7,545||24,754||1,085||3,560||Baltoro Karakoram||K2||1976||1||2|
|44||Changtse||7,543||24,747||514||1,686||Mahalangur Himalaya||Mount Everest||1982||9||9||China|
|45||Kula Kangri||7,538||24,731||1,654||5,427||Kula Kangri Himalaya||Gangkhar Puensum||1986||3||2|
|46||Kongur Tiube||7,530||24,700||840||2,760||Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs)||Kongur Tagh||1956||2||3||China|
|S||Annapurna IV||7,525||24,688||255||837||Annapurna Himalaya||Annapurna||1955||43||18||Nepal|
|47||Mamostong Kangri||7,516||24,659||1,803||5,915||Rimo Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1984||5||0||India|
|48||Saser Kangri II E||7,513||24,649||1,458||4,783||Saser Karakoram||Saser Kangri I||2011||0||0||India'|
|49||Muztagh Ata||7,509||24,636||2,698||8,852||Muztagata (Eastern Pamirs)||Kongur Tagh||1956||many||—||China|
|50||Ismoil Somoni Peak||7,495||24,590||3,402||11,161||Pamir (Academy of Sciences Range)||Muztagh Ata||1933||—||—||Tajikistan|
|51||Saser Kangri III||7,495||24,590||835||2,740||Saser Karakoram||Saser Kangri I||1986||1||0||India'|
|52||Noshaq||7,492||24,580||2,024||6,640||Hindu Kush||Tirich Mir||1960||33||3|
|53||Pumari Chhish||7,492||24,580||884||2,900||Hispar Karakoram||Khunyang Chhish||1979||1||2||Pakistan|
|54||Passu Sar||7,476||24,528||647||2,123||Batura Karakoram||Batura Sar||1994||1||0||Pakistan|
|55||Yukshin Gardan Sar||7,469||24,505||1,374||4,508||Hispar Karakoram||Pumari Chhish||1984||4||1||Pakistan|
|56||Teram Kangri I||7,462||24,482||1,703||5,587||Siachen Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1975||2||0||'|
|57||Jongsong Peak||7,462||24,482||1,298||4,259||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Kangchenjunga||1930||2||3|
|59||Gangapurna||7,455||24,459||563||1,847||Annapurna Himalaya||Annapurna III||1965||8||13||Nepal|
|60||7,439||24,406||4,148||13,609||Tian Shan||Ismail Samani Peak||1956||—||—|
|S||7,434||24,390||229||751||Garhwal Himalaya||Nanda Devi||1939||14||12||India|
|61||K12||7,428||24,370||1,978||6,490||Saltoro Karakoram||Saltoro Kangri||1974||4||2|
|63||Sia Kangri||7,422||24,350||642||2,106||Siachen Karakoram||Gasherbrum I||1934||6||0|
|64||Momhil Sar||7,414||24,324||907||2,976||Hispar Karakoram||*||Trivor||1964||2||6||Pakistan|
|65||Kabru N||7,412||24,318||720||2,360||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Kangchenjunga||1994||1||2|
|66||Skil Brum||7,410||24,310||1,152||3,780||Baltoro Karakoram||K2||1957||2||1||Pakistan|
|67||Haramosh Peak||7,409||24,308||2,277||7,470||Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram||Malubiting||1958||4||3||Pakistan|
|69||Ghent Kangri||7,401||24,281||1,493||4,898||Saltoro Karakoram||Saltoro Kangri||1961||4||0|
|71||Rimo I||7,385||24,229||1,428||4,685||Rimo Karakoram||Teram Kangri I||1988||1||3||India|
|72||Churen Himal||7,385||24,229||650||2,130||Dhaulagiri Himalaya||Dhaulagiri IV||1970||3||0||Nepal|
|73||Teram Kangri III||7,382||24,219||520||1,710||Siachen Karakoram||Teram Kangri I||1979||1||0||'|
|74||Sherpi Kangri||7,380||24,210||1,320||4,330||Saltoro Karakoram||*||Ghent Kangri||1976||1||1||'|
|75||Labuche Kang||7,367||24,170||1,957||6,421||Labuche Himalaya||Cho Oyu||1987||1||0||China|
|76||Kirat Chuli||7,362||24,154||1,168||3,832||Kangchenjunga Himalaya||Kangchenjunga||1939||1||6|
|S||Abi Gamin||7,355||24,131||217||712||Garhwal Himalaya||Kamet||1950||17||2|
|S||Nangpai Gosum||7,350||24,110||427||1,401||Mahalangur Himalaya||Cho Oyu||1986||3||1|
|78||7,326||24,035||2,341||7,680||Jomolhari Himalaya||*||Gangkhar Puensum||1937||4||0|
|80||Chongtar||7,315||23,999||1,295||4,249||Baltoro Karakoram||Skil Brum||1994||1||1||China|
|81||Baltoro Kangri||7,312||23,990||1,140||3,740||Masherbrum Karakoram||Chogolisa||1963||1||0||Pakistan|
|82||Siguang Ri||7,309||23,980||669||2,195||Mahalangur Himalaya||Cho Oyu||1989||2||1||China|
|83||7,295||23,934||1,919||6,296||Yengisogat Karakoram||Skil Brum (K2)||1993||1||5||China|
|84||Gyala Peri||7,294||23,930||2,942||9,652||Assam Himalaya||Mount Everest||1986||1||0||China|
|85||Porong Ri||7,292||23,924||512||1,680||Langtang Himalaya||Shishapangma||1982||5||0||China|
|86||7,285||23,901||1,891||6,204||Panmah Karakoram||*||Kanjut Sar||1977||3||13||Pakistan|
|87||Yutmaru Sar||7,283||23,894||680||2,230||Hispar Karakoram||Yukshin Gardan Sar||1980||1||1||Pakistan|
|90||Muztagh Tower||7,276||23,871||1,710||5,610||Baltoro Karakoram||Skil Brum||1956||4||2|
|91||Mana Peak||7,272||23,858||732||2,402||Garhwal Himalaya||Kamet||1937||7||3||India|
|S||Dhaulagiri VI||7,268||23,845||488||1,601||Dhaulagiri Himalaya||Dhaulagiri IV||1970||5||0||Nepal|
|93||7,250||23,790||570||1,870||Labuche Himalaya||Labuche Himilaya||unclimbed||0||0||China|
|94||Putha Hiunchuli||7,246||23,773||1,151||3,776||Dhaulagiri Himalaya||Churen Himal||1954||11||5||Nepal|
|95||Apsarasas Kangri||7,245||23,770||607||1,991||Siachen Karakoram||Teram Kangri I||1976||2||0||'|
|96||Mukut Parbat||7,242||23,760||683||2,241||Garhwal Himalaya||Kamet||1951||2||1|
|97||Rimo III||7,233||23,730||613||2,011||Rimo Karakoram||Rimo I||1985||1||0||India '|
|98||Langtang Lirung||7,227||23,711||1,534||5,033||Langtang Himalaya||Shishapangma||1978||14||13||Nepal|
|99||Karjiang||7,221||23,691||895||2,936||Kula Kangri Himalaya||Kula Kangri||unclimbed||0||2||China|
|100||Annapurna Dakshin (Annapurna South)||7,219||23,684||769||2,523||Annapurna Himalaya||Annapurna||1964||10||16||Nepal|
|101||Khartaphu||7,213||23,665||712||2,336||Mahalangur Himalaya||Mount Everest||1935||1||0||China|
|102||Tongshanjiabu||7,207||23,645||1,757||5,764||Lunana Himalaya||Gangkhar Puensum||unclimbed||0||0|
|103||Malangutti Sar||7,207||23,645||507||1,663||Hispar Karakoram||Distaghil Sar||1985||1||0||Pakistan|
|104||7,206||23,642||2,160||7,090||Nagarze Himalaya||Gangkhar Puensum||1986||4||1||China|
|105||Langtang Ri||7,205||23,638||665||2,182||Langtang Himalaya||Shishapangma||1981||4||0|
|107||Singhi Kangri||7,202||23,629||730||2,400||Siachen Karakoram||Teram Kangri III||1976||2||0||'|
|108||Lupghar Sar||7,200||23,600||730||2,400||Hispar Karakoram||*||Momhil Sar||1979||1||0||Pakistan|
The following graph ranks the countries by number of mountain peaks over 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. Note that 38 peaks are on de facto borders and two (Jongsong Peak and Sia Kangri) are on tripoints.
The following is a stem and leaf plot of the above data. The two digits to the left of the line are the first two digits of the mountain's height (metres), and each digit to the right of the line represents the third digit of the mountain's height. Each number on the right is linked to the corresponding mountain's article. For example, the height of one of the mountains (namely Mount Everest) is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). Also, it is apparent that there are five mountains above 8,200 metres (26,900 ft).
88 | 4
86 | 1
85 | 8 1
84 | 8
81 | 8 6 6 2
80 | 9 8 5 3 2
79 | 5 4 3 3
78 | 9 8 7 6 2 2 1 0
77 | 9 9 8 8 5 5 4 1 0 0
76 | 9 7 6 6 4 1 1
75 | 7 7 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 1 1
74 | 9 9 9 9 7 6 6 6 5 5 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0
73 | 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 5 5 5 4 2 1 1 1 0
72 | 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 4 4 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kangchenjunga, also spelled Kanchenjunga, is the third highest mountain in the world. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal delimited in the west by the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east by the Teesta River. It lies between Nepal and Sikkim, India, with three of the five peaks directly on the border, and the remaining two in Nepal's Taplejung District of Province No. 1.
K2, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft) above sea level, is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. It lies in the Karakoram range, in part in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan-administered Kashmir and in part in a China-administered territory of the Kashmir region included in the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang.
Mount Everest is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The China–Nepal border runs across its summit point. Its elevation of 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft) was most recently established in 2020 by the Nepali and Chinese authorities.
The Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders of China, India, and Pakistan, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan; its highest 15 mountains are all based in Pakistan. It begins in the Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the west, encompasses the majority of Gilgit-Baltistan, and extends into Ladakh and Aksai Chin. It is the second highest mountain range in the world and part of the complex of ranges including the Pamir Mountains, the Hindu Kush and the Himalayan Mountains. The Karakoram has eighteen summits over 7,500 m (24,600 ft) height, with four of them exceeding 8,000 m (26,000 ft): K2, the second highest peak in the world at 8,611 m (28,251 ft), Gasherbrum I, Broad Peak and Gasherbrum II.
Cho Oyu is the sixth-highest mountain in the world at 8,188 metres (26,864 ft) above sea level. Cho Oyu means "Turquoise Goddess" in Tibetan. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the China–Nepal border.
The International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation or UIAA recognises eight-thousanders as the 14 mountains that are more than 8,000 metres (26,247 ft) in height above sea level, and are considered to be sufficiently independent from neighbouring peaks. However, there is no precise definition of the criteria used to assess independence, and, since 2012, the UIAA has been involved in a process to consider whether the list should be expanded to 20 mountains. All eight-thousanders are located in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges in Asia, and their summits are in the death zone.
Anatoli Nikolaevich Boukreev was a Russian Kazakhstani mountaineer who made ascents of 10 of the 14 eight-thousander peaks—those above 8,000 m (26,247 ft)—without supplemental oxygen. From 1989 through 1997, he made 18 successful ascents of peaks above 8000 m.
In topography, prominence measures the height of a mountain or hill's summit relative to the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it. It is a measure of the independence of a summit. A peak's key col is a unique point on this contour line and the parent peak is some higher mountain, selected according to various criteria.
An unclimbed mountain is a mountain peak that has yet to be climbed to the top. Determining which unclimbed peak is highest is often a matter of controversy. In some parts of the world, surveying and mapping are still unreliable. There are no comprehensive records of the routes of explorers, mountaineers, and local inhabitants. In some cases, even modern ascents by larger parties have been poorly documented and, with no universally recognized listing, the best that can be achieved in determining the world's highest unclimbed peaks is somewhat speculative. Most sources indicate that Gangkhar Puensum in Bhutan or on the Bhutan–China border is the tallest mountain in the world that has yet to be fully summited. Gangkhar Puensum has been off limits to climbers since 1994 when Bhutan prohibited all mountaineering above 6,000 m (20,000 ft) due to spiritual/religious beliefs.
Namcha Barwa or Namchabarwa is a mountain peak in the Tibetan Himalaya. The traditional definition of the Himalaya extending from the Indus River to the Brahmaputra would make it the eastern anchor of the entire mountain chain, and it is the highest peak of its own section as well as Earth's easternmost peak over 7,600 metres (24,900 ft). It lies in the Nyingchi Prefecture of Tibet. It is the highest peak in the 180 km long Namcha Barwa Himal range, which is considered the easternmost syntaxis/section of the Himalaya in southeastern Tibet and northeastern India where the Himalaya are said to end, although high ranges actually continue another 300 km east.
Kunyang Chhish or Kunyang Chhish is the second-highest mountain in the Hispar Muztagh, a subrange in the Karakoram mountains in Pakistan. An alternate variation of the name is Kunyang Kish. Its height, also sometimes given as 7,823 metres (25,666 ft), is ranked 21st in the world and 8th in Pakistan.
Mera Peak is a mountain in the Mahalangur section, Barun sub-section of the Himalaya and administratively in Nepal's Sagarmatha Zone, [[Sankhuwasabha]. At 6,476 metres (21,247 ft) it is classified as a trekking peak. It contains three main summits: Mera North, 6,476 metres (21,247 ft); Mera Central, 6,461 metres (21,198 ft); and Mera South, 6,065 metres (19,898 ft), as well as a smaller "trekking summit", visible as a distinct summit from the south but not marked on most maps of the region.
Alexander Mitchell Kellas was a Scottish chemist, explorer, and mountaineer known for his studies of high-altitude physiology. He was born in Aberdeen, Scotland.
An ultra-prominent peak, or Ultra for short, is a mountain summit with a topographic prominence of 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) or more; it is also called a P1500. The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. There are approximately 1,524 such peaks on Earth. Some well-known peaks, such as the Matterhorn and Eiger, are not Ultras because they are connected to higher mountains by high cols and therefore do not achieve enough topographic prominence.
The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum distance to a point of equal elevation, representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point. It can be calculated for small hills and islands as well as for major mountain peaks, and can even be calculated for submarine summits.
In the history of mountaineering, the world altitude record referred to the highest point on the Earth's surface which had been reached, regardless of whether that point was an actual summit. The world summit record referred to the highest mountain to have been successfully climbed. The terms are most commonly used in relation to the history of mountaineering in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges, though modern evidence suggests that it was not until the 20th century that mountaineers in the Himalaya exceeded the heights which had been reached in the Andes. The altitude and summit records rose steadily during the early 20th century until 1953, when the ascent of Mount Everest made the concept obsolete.
Lingtren, 6,749 metres (22,142 ft), is a mountain in the Mahalangur Himal area of Himalaya, about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) distant in a direct line from Mount Everest. It lies on the international border between Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and it was first climbed in 1935. A mountain nearby to the west was originally named Lingtrennup but is now more commonly called Xi Lingchain.
|access-date=(help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) seem to be more accurate than the customarily quoted heights probably based on US army maps from the 50s . Elsewhere, unless otherwise indicated, heights are those in Jill Neate's "High Asia".