List of highest mountains on Earth

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Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south. The peak rises over Lhotse, while Nuptse is the ridge on the left. Mount Everest as seen from Drukair2 PLW edit.jpg
Aerial view of Mount Everest from the south. The peak rises over Lhotse, while Nuptse is the ridge on the left.

There are at least 109 mountains on Earth with elevations greater than 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. The vast majority of these mountains are located on the edge of the Indian and Eurasian plate.

Contents

Considerations

Figure demonstrating the concept of topographic prominence: The prominence of a peak is the height of the peak's summit above the lowest contour line encircling it and no higher summit. For example, vertical arrows show the topographic prominence of three peaks on an island. A dotted horizontal line links each peak (except the highest) to its key col. Relative-height.svg
Figure demonstrating the concept of topographic prominence: The prominence of a peak is the height of the peak's summit above the lowest contour line encircling it and no higher summit. For example, vertical arrows show the topographic prominence of three peaks on an island. A dotted horizontal line links each peak (except the highest) to its key col.

The dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear (see also Highest unclimbed mountain). A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called topographic prominence or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the "parent peak"). A common definition of a mountain is a summit with 300 m (980 ft) prominence. Alternatively, a relative prominence (prominence/height) is used (usually 7–8%) to reflect that in higher mountain ranges everything is on a larger scale. The table below lists the highest 100 summits with at least 500 m (1,640 ft) prominence, approximating a 7% relative prominence. A drawback of a prominence-based list is that it may exclude well-known or spectacular mountains that are connected via a high ridge to a taller summit, such as Eiger, Nuptse or Annapurna IV. A few such peaks and mountains with nearly sufficient prominence are included in this list, and given a rank of "S".

It is very unlikely that all given heights are correct to the nearest metre; indeed, the sea level is often problematic to define when a mountain is remote from the sea. Different sources often differ by many metres, and the heights given below may well differ from those elsewhere in this encyclopedia. As an extreme example, Ulugh Muztagh on the north Tibetan Plateau is often listed as 7,723 m (25,338 ft) to 7,754 m (25,440 ft), but appears to be only 6,973 m (22,877 ft) to 6,987 m (22,923 ft). Some mountains differ by > 100 m (330 ft) on different maps, while even very thorough current measurements of Mount Everest range from 8,840 m (29,003 ft) to 8,850 m (29,035 ft). These discrepancies serve to emphasize the uncertainties in the listed heights.

Though some parts of the world, especially the most mountainous parts, have never been thoroughly mapped, it is unlikely that any mountains this high have been overlooked, because synthetic aperture radar can and has been used to measure elevations of most otherwise inaccessible places. Still, heights or prominences may be revised, so that the order of the list may change and even "new" mountains could enter the list over time. To be safe, the list has been extended to include all 7,200 m (23,622 ft) peaks.

The highest mountains above sea level are generally not the highest above the surrounding terrain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Denali, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure.[ citation needed ] The bases of mountain islands are below sea level, and given this consideration Mauna Kea (4,207 m (13,802 ft) above sea level) is the world's tallest mountain and volcano, rising about 10,203 m (33,474 ft) from the Pacific Ocean floor. Mount Lamlam on Guam is periodically claimed to be among the world's highest mountains because it is adjacent to the Mariana Trench; the most extreme claim is that, measured from Challenger Deep 313 kilometres (194 mi) away, Mount Lamlam is 37,820 feet (11,530 m) tall. [1] [2] Ojos del Salado has the greatest rise on Earth: 13,420 m (44,029 ft) vertically to the summit[ citation needed ] from the bottom of the Atacama Trench, which is about 560 km (350 mi) away, although most of this rise is not part of the mountain.

The highest mountains are also not generally the most voluminous. Mauna Loa (4,169 m or 13,678 ft) is the largest mountain on Earth in terms of base area (about 2,000 sq mi or 5,200 km2) and volume (about 10,000 cu mi or 42,000 km3), although, due to the intergrade of lava from Kilauea, Hualalai and Mauna Kea, the volume can only be estimated based on surface area and height of the edifice. Mount Kilimanjaro is the largest non-shield volcano in terms of both base area (245 sq mi or 635 km2) and volume (1,150 cu mi or 4,793 km3). Mount Logan is the largest non-volcanic mountain in base area (120 sq mi or 311 km2).

The highest mountains above sea level are also not those with peaks farthest from the centre of the Earth, because the figure of the Earth is not spherical. Sea level closer to the equator is several kilometres farther from the centre of the Earth. The summit of Chimborazo, Ecuador's tallest mountain, is usually considered to be the farthest point from the Earth's centre, although the southern summit of Peru's tallest mountain, Huascarán, is another contender. [3] Both have elevations above sea level more than 2 km less than that of Everest.

Geographical distribution

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Almost all mountains in the list are located in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges to the south and west of the Tibetan plateau. All peaks 7,000 m (23,000 ft) or higher are located in East, Central or South Asia in a rectangle edged by Noshaq (7,492 m or 24,580 ft) on the Afghanistan–Pakistan border in the west, Jengish Chokusu (Tuōmù'ěr Fēng, 7,439 m or 24,406 ft) on the KyrgyzstanXinjiang border to the north, Gongga Shan (Minya Konka, 7,556 m or 24,790 ft) in Sichuan to the east, and Kabru (7,412 m or 24,318 ft) on the SikkimNepal border to the south.

As of December 2018, the highest peaks on four of the mountains — Gangkhar Puensum, Labuche Kang III, Karjiang, and Tongshanjiabu, all located in Bhutan or China — have not been ascended. The most recent peak to have its first ever ascent is Saser Kangri II East, in India, on 24 August 2011.

The highest mountain outside of Asia is Aconcagua (6,961 m or 22,838 ft), the 189th highest in the world. [4]

List

Rank [5] Mountain name(s)Height [6] Prominence [7] RangeCoordinates [8] Parent mountain
[9]
Ascents before 2004 [10] Country (disputed claims in italics)
firstsuccessful
mftmftyesno
18,848.8629,031.7 [11] 8,84829,029 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°59′17″N86°55′31″E / 27.9881°N 86.9253°E / 27.9881; 86.9253 (1. Mount Everest / Sagarmatha / Chomolungma / Zhumulangma (8848 m)) 1953 145121
2 K2 8,61128,2514,02013,190 Baltoro Karakoram 35°52′53″N76°30′48″E / 35.88139°N 76.51333°E / 35.88139; 76.51333 (2. K2 / Qogir / Godwin Austen (8611 m)) Mount Everest 1954 4544 [12] [dp 1]
3 Kangchenjunga 8,58628,1693,92212,867 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°42′12″N88°08′51″E / 27.70333°N 88.14750°E / 27.70333; 88.14750 (3. Kangchenjunga (8586 m)) * Mount Everest 1955 3824
4 Lhotse 8,51627,9406102,000 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°57′42″N86°55′59″E / 27.96167°N 86.93306°E / 27.96167; 86.93306 (4. Lhotse (8516 m)) Mount Everest 19562626
5 Makalu 8,48527,8382,3787,802 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°53′23″N87°05′20″E / 27.88972°N 87.08889°E / 27.88972; 87.08889 (5. Makalu (8485 m)) Mount Everest 1955 45
6 Cho Oyu 8,18826,864 [13] 2,3407,680 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°05′39″N86°39′39″E / 28.09417°N 86.66083°E / 28.09417; 86.66083 (6. Cho Oyu (8188 m)) Mount Everest 19547928
7 Dhaulagiri I 8,16726,7953,35711,014 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°41′48″N83°29′35″E / 28.69667°N 83.49306°E / 28.69667; 83.49306 (7. Dhaulagiri I (8167 m)) K2 19605139 Nepal
8 Manaslu 8,16326,7813,09210,144 Manaslu Himalaya 28°33′00″N84°33′35″E / 28.55000°N 84.55972°E / 28.55000; 84.55972 (8. Manaslu (8163 m)) Cho Oyu 19564945 Nepal
9 Nanga Parbat 8,12626,6604,60815,118 Nanga Parbat Himalaya 35°14′14″N74°35′21″E / 35.23722°N 74.58917°E / 35.23722; 74.58917 (9. Nanga Parbat (8126 m)) Dhaulagiri 1953 5267 Pakistan [14] [dp 1]
10 Annapurna I 8,09126,5452,9849,790 Annapurna Himalaya 28°35′44″N83°49′13″E / 28.59556°N 83.82028°E / 28.59556; 83.82028 (10. Annapurna I (8091 m)) Cho Oyu 1950 9788 Nepal
118,08026,5102,1557,070 Baltoro Karakoram 35°43′28″N76°41′47″E / 35.72444°N 76.69639°E / 35.72444; 76.69639 (11. Gasherbrum I / Hidden Peak / K5 (8080 m)) K2 19583116
12 Broad Peak 8,05126,4141,7015,581 Baltoro Karakoram 35°48′38″N76°34′06″E / 35.81056°N 76.56833°E / 35.81056; 76.56833 (12. Broad Peak / K3 (8051 m)) Gasherbrum I 19573919
138,03526,3621,5245,000 Baltoro Karakoram 35°45′28″N76°39′12″E / 35.75778°N 76.65333°E / 35.75778; 76.65333 (13. Gasherbrum II / K4 (8035 m)) Gasherbrum I 19565412
148,02726,3352,8979,505 Jugal Himalaya 28°21′12″N85°46′43″E / 28.35333°N 85.77861°E / 28.35333; 85.77861 (14. Shishapangma (8027 m)) Cho Oyu 19644319 China
15 Gyachung Kang 7,95226,0896722,205 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°05′53″N86°44′42″E / 28.09806°N 86.74500°E / 28.09806; 86.74500 (15. Gyachung Kang (7952 m)) Cho Oyu 196453
S7,94626,0703551,165 Baltoro Karakoram 35°45′33″N76°38′30″E / 35.75917°N 76.64167°E / 35.75917; 76.64167 (Gasherbrum III (7946 m)) Gasherbrum II 197522
16 Annapurna II 7,93726,0402,4377,995 Annapurna Himalaya 28°32′05″N84°07′19″E / 28.53472°N 84.12194°E / 28.53472; 84.12194 (16. Annapurna II (7937 m)) Annapurna I 1960619 Nepal
177,93226,0247122,336 Baltoro Karakoram 35°45′38″N76°36′58″E / 35.76056°N 76.61611°E / 35.76056; 76.61611 (17. Gasherbrum IV (7932 m)) Gasherbrum III 1958411 Pakistan [dp 1]
18 Himalchuli 7,89325,8961,6335,358 Manaslu Himalaya 28°26′12″N84°38′23″E / 28.43667°N 84.63972°E / 28.43667; 84.63972 (18. Himalchuli (7893 m)) * Manaslu 1960612 Nepal
19 Distaghil Sar 7,88425,8662,5258,284 Hispar Karakoram 36°19′33″N75°11′16″E / 36.32583°N 75.18778°E / 36.32583; 75.18778 (19. Distaghil Sar (7884 m)) K2 196035 Pakistan [dp 1]
20 Ngadi Chuli 7,87125,8231,0113,317 Manaslu Himalaya 28°30′12″N84°34′00″E / 28.50333°N 84.56667°E / 28.50333; 84.56667 (20. Ngadi Chuli (7871 m)) Manaslu 197916 Nepal
S Nuptse 7,86425,8013051,001 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°58′03″N86°53′13″E / 27.96750°N 86.88694°E / 27.96750; 86.88694 (Nuptse (7864 m)) Lhotse 1961512 Nepal
21 Khunyang Chhish 7,82325,6661,7655,791 Hispar Karakoram 36°12′19″N75°12′28″E / 36.20528°N 75.20778°E / 36.20528; 75.20778 (21. Khunyang Chhish (7823 m)) * Distaghil Sar 197126 Pakistan [dp 1]
227,82125,6592,4578,061 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°38′28″N76°18′21″E / 35.64111°N 76.30583°E / 35.64111; 76.30583 (22. Masherbrum / K1 (7821 m)) Gasherbrum I 196049 Pakistan [dp 1]
23 Nanda Devi 7,81625,6433,13910,299 Garhwal Himalaya 30°22′33″N79°58′15″E / 30.37583°N 79.97083°E / 30.37583; 79.97083 (23. Nanda Devi (7816 m)) Dhaulagiri 1936 1412 India
24 Chomo Lonzo 7,80425,6045901,940 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°55′50″N87°06′28″E / 27.93056°N 87.10778°E / 27.93056; 87.10778 (24. Chomo Lonzo (7804 m)) Makalu 195431 China
25 Batura Sar 7,79525,5743,11810,230 Batura Karakoram 36°30′37″N74°31′21″E / 36.51028°N 74.52250°E / 36.51028; 74.52250 (25. Batura Sar (7795 m)) Distaghil Sar 197646 Pakistan [dp 1]
26 Rakaposhi 7,78825,5512,8189,245 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 36°08′33″N74°29′22″E / 36.14250°N 74.48944°E / 36.14250; 74.48944 (26. Rakaposhi (7788 m)) Khunyang Chhish 1958813 Pakistan [dp 1]
27 Namcha Barwa 7,78225,5314,10613,471 Assam Himalaya 29°37′52″N95°03′19″E / 29.63111°N 95.05528°E / 29.63111; 95.05528 (27. Namcha Barwa (7782 m)) Kangchenjunga 199212 China
28 Kanjut Sar 7,76025,4601,6605,450 Hispar Karakoram 36°12′20″N75°25′01″E / 36.20556°N 75.41694°E / 36.20556; 75.41694 (28. Kanjut Sar (7760 m)) Khunyang Chhish 195921 Pakistan [dp 1]
29 Kamet 7,75625,4462,8259,268 Garhwal Himalaya 30°55′12″N79°35′30″E / 30.92000°N 79.59167°E / 30.92000; 79.59167 (29. Kamet (7756 m)) * Nanda Devi 19312314 India
30 Dhaulagiri II 7,75125,4302,3977,864 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°45′46″N83°23′18″E / 28.76278°N 83.38833°E / 28.76278; 83.38833 (30. Dhaulagiri II (7751 m)) Dhaulagiri 1971411 Nepal
317,74225,4002,1607,090 Saltoro Karakoram 35°23′57″N76°50′53″E / 35.39917°N 76.84806°E / 35.39917; 76.84806 (31. Saltoro Kangri / K10 (7742 m)) * Gasherbrum I 196221 [dp 3]
327,71125,2991,0363,399 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°40′56″N88°02′40″E / 27.68222°N 88.04444°E / 27.68222; 88.04444 (32. Jannu (7711 m)) * Kangchenjunga 19621712 Nepal
33 Tirich Mir 7,70825,2893,91012,830 Hindu Kush 36°15′19″N71°50′30″E / 36.25528°N 71.84167°E / 36.25528; 71.84167 (33. Tirich Mir (7708 m)) * Batura Sar 19502011 Pakistan
S Molamenqing 7,70325,2724331,421 Langtang Himalaya 28°21′18″N85°48′35″E / 28.35500°N 85.80972°E / 28.35500; 85.80972 (Molamenqing (7703 m)) Shishapangma 198110 China
34 Gurla Mandhata 7,69425,2432,7889,147 Nalakankar Himalaya 30°26′19″N81°17′48″E / 30.43861°N 81.29667°E / 30.43861; 81.29667 (34. Gurla Mandhata (7694 m)) Dhaulagiri 198564 China
357,67225,1712,3047,559 Saser Karakoram 34°52′00″N77°45′09″E / 34.86667°N 77.75250°E / 34.86667; 77.75250 (35. Saser Kangri I / K22 (7672 m)) Gasherbrum I 197364 India [dp 4]
36 Chogolisa 7,66525,1481,6245,328 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°36′47″N76°34′29″E / 35.61306°N 76.57472°E / 35.61306; 76.57472 (36. Chogolisa (7665 m)) Gasherbrum I 197542 Pakistan [dp 1]
S Dhaulagiri IV 7,66125,1354691,539 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′09″N83°18′55″E / 28.73583°N 83.31528°E / 28.73583; 83.31528 (Dhaulagiri IV (7661 m)) Dhaulagiri II 1975210 Nepal
37 Kongur Tagh 7,64925,0953,58511,762 Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs) 38°35′36″N75°18′48″E / 38.59333°N 75.31333°E / 38.59333; 75.31333 (37. Kongur Tagh (7649 m)) Distaghil Sar 198124 China
S Dhaulagiri V 7,61824,9933401,120 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′02″N83°21′41″E / 28.73389°N 83.36139°E / 28.73389; 83.36139 (Dhaulagiri V (7618 m)) * Dhaulagiri IV 197523 Nepal
38 Shispare 7,61124,9701,2404,070 Batura Karakoram 36°26′26″N74°40′51″E / 36.44056°N 74.68083°E / 36.44056; 74.68083 (38. Shispare (7611 m)) Batura Sar 197431 Pakistan [dp 1]
39 Trivor 7,57724,8599973,271 Hispar Karakoram 36°17′15″N75°05′06″E / 36.28750°N 75.08500°E / 36.28750; 75.08500 (39. Trivor (7577 m)) * Distaghil Sar 196025 Pakistan [dp 1]
40 Gangkhar Puensum 7,57024,8402,9959,826 Kula Kangri Himalaya 28°02′50″N90°27′19″E / 28.04722°N 90.45528°E / 28.04722; 90.45528 (40. Gangkhar Puensum (7570 m)) * Kangchenjunga unclimbed03
417,55624,7903,64211,949 Daxue Mountains (Hengduan Shan) 29°35′43″N101°52′47″E / 29.59528°N 101.87972°E / 29.59528; 101.87972 (41. Gongga Shan / Minya Konka (7556 m)) Mount Everest 193267 China
42 Annapurna III 7,55524,7877032,306 Annapurna Himalaya 28°35′06″N83°59′24″E / 28.58500°N 83.99000°E / 28.58500; 83.99000 (42. Annapurna III (7555 m)) Annapurna I 19611017 Nepal
43 Skyang Kangri 7,54524,7541,0853,560 Baltoro Karakoram 35°55′35″N76°34′03″E / 35.92639°N 76.56750°E / 35.92639; 76.56750 (43. Skyang Kangri (7545 m)) K2 197612
44 Changtse 7,54324,747 [15] 5141,686 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°01′29″N86°54′51″E / 28.02472°N 86.91417°E / 28.02472; 86.91417 (44. Changtse (7543 m)) Mount Everest 198299 China
45 Kula Kangri 7,53824,7311,6545,427 Kula Kangri Himalaya 28°13′37″N90°36′59″E / 28.22694°N 90.61639°E / 28.22694; 90.61639 (45. Kula Kangri (7538 m)) Gangkhar Puensum 198632 [dp 5]
46 Kongur Tiube 7,53024,7008402,760 Kongur Shan (Eastern Pamirs) 38°36′57″N75°11′45″E / 38.61583°N 75.19583°E / 38.61583; 75.19583 (46. Kongur Tiube (7530 m)) Kongur Tagh 195623 China
S Annapurna IV 7,52524,688255837 Annapurna Himalaya 28°32′15″N84°4′58″E / 28.53750°N 84.08278°E / 28.53750; 84.08278 (Annapurna IV (7,525 m)) Annapurna 19554318 Nepal
47 Mamostong Kangri 7,51624,6591,8035,915 Rimo Karakoram 35°08′31″N77°34′39″E / 35.14194°N 77.57750°E / 35.14194; 77.57750 (47. Mamostong Kangri (7516 m)) Gasherbrum I 198450 India [dp 4]
48 Saser Kangri II E7,51324,6491,4584,783 Saser Karakoram 34°48′17″N77°48′24″E / 34.80472°N 77.80667°E / 34.80472; 77.80667 (48. Saser Kangri II E (7513 m)) Saser Kangri I201100 [16] India' [dp 4]
49 Muztagh Ata 7,50924,6362,6988,852 Muztagata (Eastern Pamirs) 38°16′33″N75°06′58″E / 38.27583°N 75.11611°E / 38.27583; 75.11611 (49. Muztagh Ata (7546 m)) Kongur Tagh 1956many China
50 Ismoil Somoni Peak 7,49524,5903,40211,161 Pamir (Academy of Sciences Range) 38°56′35″N72°00′57″E / 38.94306°N 72.01583°E / 38.94306; 72.01583 (50. Ismoil Somoni Peak (7495 m)) Muztagh Ata 1933 Tajikistan
51 Saser Kangri III7,49524,5908352,740 Saser Karakoram 34°50′44″N77°47′06″E / 34.84556°N 77.78500°E / 34.84556; 77.78500 (51. Saser Kangri III (7495 m)) Saser Kangri I198610 India' [dp 4]
52 Noshaq 7,49224,5802,0246,640 Hindu Kush 36°25′56″N71°49′43″E / 36.43222°N 71.82861°E / 36.43222; 71.82861 (52. Noshaq (7492 m)) Tirich Mir 1960333
53 Pumari Chhish 7,49224,5808842,900 Hispar Karakoram 36°12′41″N75°15′01″E / 36.21139°N 75.25028°E / 36.21139; 75.25028 (53. Pumari Chhish (7492 m)) Khunyang Chhish 197912 Pakistan [dp 1]
54 Passu Sar 7,47624,5286472,123 Batura Karakoram 36°29′16″N74°35′16″E / 36.48778°N 74.58778°E / 36.48778; 74.58778 (54. Passu Sar (7476 m)) Batura Sar 199410 Pakistan [dp 1]
55 Yukshin Gardan Sar 7,46924,5051,3744,508 Hispar Karakoram 36°15′04″N75°22′29″E / 36.25111°N 75.37472°E / 36.25111; 75.37472 (55. Yukshin Gardan Sar (7469 m)) Pumari Chhish 198441 Pakistan [dp 1]
56 Teram Kangri I7,46224,4821,7035,587 Siachen Karakoram 35°34′48″N77°04′42″E / 35.58000°N 77.07833°E / 35.58000; 77.07833 (56. Teram Kangri I (7462 m)) Gasherbrum I 197520 [dp 2] [dp 3] ' [dp 4]
57 Jongsong Peak 7,46224,4821,2984,259 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°52′54″N88°08′09″E / 27.88167°N 88.13583°E / 27.88167; 88.13583 (57. Jongsong Peak (7462 m)) Kangchenjunga 193023
58 Malubiting 7,45824,4692,1937,195 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 36°00′12″N74°52′31″E / 36.00333°N 74.87528°E / 36.00333; 74.87528 (58. Malubiting (7458 m)) Rakaposhi 197126 Pakistan [dp 1]
59 Gangapurna 7,45524,4595631,847 Annapurna Himalaya 28°36′18″N83°57′49″E / 28.60500°N 83.96361°E / 28.60500; 83.96361 (59. Gangapurna (7455 m)) Annapurna III 1965813 Nepal
607,43924,4064,14813,609 Tian Shan 42°02′05″N80°07′47″E / 42.03472°N 80.12972°E / 42.03472; 80.12972 (60. Jengish Chokusu / Tömür / Pk Pobeda (7439 m)) Ismail Samani Peak 1956
S7,43424,390229751 Garhwal Himalaya 30°22′00″N79°59′40″E / 30.36667°N 79.99444°E / 30.36667; 79.99444 (Sunanda Devi (7434 m)) Nanda Devi 19391412 India
61 K12 7,42824,3701,9786,490 Saltoro Karakoram 35°17′45″N77°01′20″E / 35.29583°N 77.02222°E / 35.29583; 77.02222 (61. K12 (7428 m)) Saltoro Kangri 197442 [dp 1] [dp 3]
627,42224,3502,3527,717 Ganesh Himalaya 28°23′29″N85°07′38″E / 28.39139°N 85.12722°E / 28.39139; 85.12722 (62. Yangra / Ganesh I (7422 m)) Shishapangma 195516
63 Sia Kangri 7,42224,3506422,106 Siachen Karakoram 35°39′48″N76°45′42″E / 35.66333°N 76.76167°E / 35.66333; 76.76167 (63. Sia Kangri (7422 m)) Gasherbrum I 193460 [dp 2] [dp 3]
64 Momhil Sar 7,41424,3249072,976 Hispar Karakoram 36°19′04″N75°02′11″E / 36.31778°N 75.03639°E / 36.31778; 75.03639 (64. Momhil Sar (7414 m)) * Trivor 196426 Pakistan [dp 1]
65 Kabru N7,41224,3187202,360 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°38′02″N88°07′00″E / 27.63389°N 88.11667°E / 27.63389; 88.11667 (65. Kabru N (7412 m)) Kangchenjunga 199412 [17]
66 Skil Brum 7,41024,3101,1523,780 Baltoro Karakoram 35°51′03″N76°25′43″E / 35.85083°N 76.42861°E / 35.85083; 76.42861 (66. Skil Brum (7410 m)) K2 195721 Pakistan [dp 1]
67 Haramosh Peak 7,40924,3082,2777,470 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 35°50′24″N74°53′51″E / 35.84000°N 74.89750°E / 35.84000; 74.89750 (67. Haramosh Peak (7409 m)) Malubiting 195843 Pakistan [dp 1]
68 Istor-o-Nal 7,40324,2881,0433,422 Hindu Kush 36°22′32″N71°53′54″E / 36.37556°N 71.89833°E / 36.37556; 71.89833 (68. Istor-o-Nal (7403 m)) Noshaq 196945 Pakistan
69 Ghent Kangri 7,40124,2811,4934,898 Saltoro Karakoram 35°31′04″N76°48′02″E / 35.51778°N 76.80056°E / 35.51778; 76.80056 (69. Ghent Kangri (7401 m)) Saltoro Kangri 196140 [dp 1] [dp 3]
70 Ultar 7,38824,2396882,257 Batura Karakoram 36°23′27″N74°43′00″E / 36.39083°N 74.71667°E / 36.39083; 74.71667 (70. Ultar (7388 m)) Shispare 199625 Pakistan [dp 1]
71 Rimo I 7,38524,2291,4284,685 Rimo Karakoram 35°21′18″N77°22′08″E / 35.35500°N 77.36889°E / 35.35500; 77.36889 (71. Rimo I (7385 m)) Teram Kangri I198813 India [dp 6]
72 Churen Himal 7,38524,2296502,130 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′05″N83°13′03″E / 28.73472°N 83.21750°E / 28.73472; 83.21750 (72. Churen Himal (7385 m)) Dhaulagiri IV 197030 Nepal
73 Teram Kangri III 7,38224,2195201,710 Siachen Karakoram 35°35′59″N77°02′53″E / 35.59972°N 77.04806°E / 35.59972; 77.04806 (73. Teram Kangri III (7382 m)) Teram Kangri I197910 [dp 2] [dp 3] ' [dp 4]
74 Sherpi Kangri 7,38024,2101,3204,330 Saltoro Karakoram 35°27′58″N76°46′53″E / 35.46611°N 76.78139°E / 35.46611; 76.78139 (74. Sherpi Kangri (7380 m)) * Ghent Kangri 197611 [dp 1] [dp 3] ' [dp 4]
75 Labuche Kang 7,36724,1701,9576,421Labuche Himalaya 28°18′15″N86°21′03″E / 28.30417°N 86.35083°E / 28.30417; 86.35083 (75. Labuche Kang (7367 m)) Cho Oyu 198710 China
76 Kirat Chuli 7,36224,1541,1683,832 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°47′16″N88°11′43″E / 27.78778°N 88.19528°E / 27.78778; 88.19528 (76. Kirat Chuli (7362 m)) Kangchenjunga 193916
S Abi Gamin 7,35524,131217712 Garhwal Himalaya 30°55′57″N79°36′09″E / 30.93250°N 79.60250°E / 30.93250; 79.60250 (Abi Gamin (7355 m)) Kamet 1950172
S7,35024,1104321,417 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°44′27″N88°09′31″E / 27.74083°N 88.15861°E / 27.74083; 88.15861 (Gimmigela / The Twins (7350 m)) Kangchenjunga 199431
S Nangpai Gosum 7,35024,1104271,401 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°04′24″N86°36′51″E / 28.07333°N 86.61417°E / 28.07333; 86.61417 (Nangpai Gosum (7350 m)) Cho Oyu 198631 [18]
77 Saraghrar 7,34924,1111,9796,493 Hindu Kush 36°32′51″N72°06′54″E / 36.54750°N 72.11500°E / 36.54750; 72.11500 (77. Saraghrar (7349 m)) Noshaq 195923 Pakistan
S Talung 7,34924,1113661,201 Kangchenjunga Himalaya 27°39′18″N88°07′51″E / 27.65500°N 88.13083°E / 27.65500; 88.13083 (Talung (7349 m)) * Kabru 196434 [19]
787,32624,0352,3417,680 Jomolhari Himalaya 27°49′36″N89°16′04″E / 27.82667°N 89.26778°E / 27.82667; 89.26778 (78. Jomolhari (7326 m)) * Gangkhar Puensum 193740
79 Chamlang 7,32124,0191,2414,072 Mahalangur Himalaya 27°46′30″N86°58′47″E / 27.77500°N 86.97972°E / 27.77500; 86.97972 (79. Chamlang (7321 m)) Lhotse 196171 Nepal
80 Chongtar 7,31523,9991,2954,249 Baltoro Karakoram 35°54′55″N76°25′45″E / 35.91528°N 76.42917°E / 35.91528; 76.42917 (80. Chongtar (7315 m)) Skil Brum 199411 China [dp 2]
81 Baltoro Kangri 7,31223,9901,1403,740 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°38′21″N76°40′24″E / 35.63917°N 76.67333°E / 35.63917; 76.67333 (81. Baltoro Kangri (7312 m)) Chogolisa 196310 Pakistan [dp 1]
82 Siguang Ri 7,30923,9806692,195 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°08′50″N86°41′06″E / 28.14722°N 86.68500°E / 28.14722; 86.68500 (82. Siguang Ri (7309 m)) Cho Oyu 198921 China
837,29523,9341,9196,296 Yengisogat Karakoram 36°06′24″N76°12′21″E / 36.10667°N 76.20583°E / 36.10667; 76.20583 (83. The Crown / Huang Guan (7295 m)) Skil Brum (K2)199315 China [dp 2]
84 Gyala Peri 7,29423,9302,9429,652 Assam Himalaya 29°48′52″N94°58′07″E / 29.81444°N 94.96861°E / 29.81444; 94.96861 (84. Gyala Peri (7294 m)) Mount Everest 198610 China
85 Porong Ri 7,29223,9245121,680 Langtang Himalaya 28°23′22″N85°43′12″E / 28.38944°N 85.72000°E / 28.38944; 85.72000 (85. Porong Ri (7292 m)) Shishapangma 198250 China
867,28523,9011,8916,204 Panmah Karakoram 35°56′51″N75°45′12″E / 35.94750°N 75.75333°E / 35.94750; 75.75333 (86. Baintha Brakk / The Ogre (7285 m)) * Kanjut Sar 1977313 Pakistan [dp 1]
87 Yutmaru Sar 7,28323,8946802,230 Hispar Karakoram 36°13′35″N75°22′02″E / 36.22639°N 75.36722°E / 36.22639; 75.36722 (87. Yutmaru Sar (7283 m)) Yukshin Gardan Sar 198011 Pakistan [dp 1]
88
  • K6
  • Baltistan Peak
7,28223,8911,9626,437 Masherbrum Karakoram 35°25′06″N76°33′06″E / 35.41833°N 76.55167°E / 35.41833; 76.55167 (88. Baltistan Peak / K6 (7282 m)) Chogolisa 197013 Pakistan [dp 1]
897,28123,8881,3454,413 Baiku Himalaya 28°33′03″N85°32′44″E / 28.55083°N 85.54556°E / 28.55083; 85.54556 (89. Kangpenqing / Gang Benchhen (7281 m)) Shishapangma 198211 China
90 Muztagh Tower 7,27623,8711,7105,610 Baltoro Karakoram 35°49′40″N76°21′40″E / 35.82778°N 76.36111°E / 35.82778; 76.36111 (90. Muztagh Tower (7276 m)) Skil Brum 195642
91 Mana Peak 7,27223,8587322,402 Garhwal Himalaya 30°52′50″N79°36′55″E / 30.88056°N 79.61528°E / 30.88056; 79.61528 (91. Mana Peak (7272 m)) Kamet 193773 India
S Dhaulagiri VI 7,26823,8454881,601 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°42′31″N83°16′27″E / 28.70861°N 83.27417°E / 28.70861; 83.27417 (Dhaulagiri VI (7268 m)) Dhaulagiri IV 197050 Nepal
92 Diran 7,26623,8391,3294,360 Rakaposhi-Haramosh Karakoram 36°07′13″N74°39′42″E / 36.12028°N 74.66167°E / 36.12028; 74.66167 (92. Diran (7266 m)) Malubiting 1968128 Pakistan [dp 1]
937,25023,790 [20] 5701,870Labuche Himalaya 28°18′05″N86°23′02″E / 28.30139°N 86.38389°E / 28.30139; 86.38389 (93. Labuche Kang III / East (7250 m)) Labuche Himilaya unclimbed00 China
94 Putha Hiunchuli 7,24623,7731,1513,776 Dhaulagiri Himalaya 28°44′52″N83°08′46″E / 28.74778°N 83.14611°E / 28.74778; 83.14611 (94. Putha Hiunchuli (7246 m)) Churen Himal 1954115 Nepal
95 Apsarasas Kangri 7,24523,7706071,991 Siachen Karakoram 35°32′19″N77°08′55″E / 35.53861°N 77.14861°E / 35.53861; 77.14861 (95. Apsarasas Kangri (7245 m)) Teram Kangri I197620 [dp 2] [dp 3] ' [dp 4]
96 Mukut Parbat 7,24223,7606832,241 Garhwal Himalaya 30°56′57″N79°34′12″E / 30.94917°N 79.57000°E / 30.94917; 79.57000 (96. Mukut Parbat (7242 m)) Kamet 195121
97 Rimo III 7,23323,7306132,011 Rimo Karakoram 35°22′31″N77°21′42″E / 35.37528°N 77.36167°E / 35.37528; 77.36167 (97. Rimo III (7233 m)) Rimo I 198510 India [dp 6] ' [dp 4]
98 Langtang Lirung 7,22723,7111,5345,033 Langtang Himalaya 28°15′22″N85°31′01″E / 28.25611°N 85.51694°E / 28.25611; 85.51694 (98. Langtang Lirung (7227 m)) Shishapangma 19781413 Nepal
99 Karjiang 7,22123,6918952,936 Kula Kangri Himalaya 28°15′27″N90°38′49″E / 28.25750°N 90.64694°E / 28.25750; 90.64694 (99. Karjiang (7221 m)) Kula Kangri unclimbed02 China
100 Annapurna Dakshin (Annapurna South) 7,21923,6847692,523 Annapurna Himalaya 28°31′06″N83°48′22″E / 28.51833°N 83.80611°E / 28.51833; 83.80611 (100. Annapurna Dakshin (7219 m)) Annapurna 19641016 Nepal
101 Khartaphu 7,21323,6657122,336 Mahalangur Himalaya 28°03′49″N86°58′39″E / 28.06361°N 86.97750°E / 28.06361; 86.97750 (101. Khartaphu (7213 m)) Mount Everest 193510 China
102 Tongshanjiabu [21] 7,20723,6451,7575,764 Lunana Himalaya 28°11′12″N89°57′27″E / 28.18667°N 89.95750°E / 28.18667; 89.95750 (102. Tongshanjiabu (7207 m)) Gangkhar Puensum unclimbed00 [dp 7]
103 Malangutti Sar 7,20723,6455071,663 Hispar Karakoram 36°21′47″N75°08′57″E / 36.36306°N 75.14917°E / 36.36306; 75.14917 (103. Malangutti Sar (7207 m)) Distaghil Sar 198510 Pakistan [dp 1]
1047,20623,6422,1607,090 Nagarze Himalaya 28°56′48″N90°10′42″E / 28.94667°N 90.17833°E / 28.94667; 90.17833 (104. Noijin Kangsang / Norin Kang (7206 m)) Gangkhar Puensum 198641 China
105 Langtang Ri 7,20523,6386652,182 Langtang Himalaya 28°22′53″N85°41′01″E / 28.38139°N 85.68361°E / 28.38139; 85.68361 (105. Langtang Ri (7205 m)) Shishapangma 198140
1067,20423,6351,2444,081 Lunana Himalaya 28°09′24″N90°04′15″E / 28.15667°N 90.07083°E / 28.15667; 90.07083 (106. Kangphu Kang (7204 m)) Tongshanjiabu 200210 [22]
107 Singhi Kangri 7,20223,6297302,400 Siachen Karakoram 35°35′59″N76°59′01″E / 35.59972°N 76.98361°E / 35.59972; 76.98361 (107. Singhi Kangri (7202 m)) Teram Kangri III197620 [dp 2] [dp 3] ' [dp 4]
108 Lupghar Sar 7,20023,6007302,400 Hispar Karakoram 36°21′01″N75°02′13″E / 36.35028°N 75.03694°E / 36.35028; 75.03694 (108. Lupghar Sar (7200 m)) * Momhil Sar 197910 Pakistan [dp 1]

Data plots

By country

The following graph ranks the countries by number of mountain peaks over 7,200 metres (23,622 ft) above sea level. Note that 38 peaks are on de facto borders and two (Jongsong Peak and Sia Kangri) are on tripoints.

List of highest mountains on Earth

Stem and leaf plot

The following is a stem and leaf plot of the above data. The two digits to the left of the line are the first two digits of the mountain's height (metres), and each digit to the right of the line represents the third digit of the mountain's height. Each number on the right is linked to the corresponding mountain's article. For example, the height of one of the mountains (namely Mount Everest) is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). Also, it is apparent that there are five mountains above 8,200 metres (26,900 ft).

88 | 4
87 |
86 | 1
85 | 8 1
84 | 8
83 |
82 |
81 | 8 6 6 2
80 | 9 8 5 3 2
79 | 5 4 3 3
78 | 9 8 7 6 2 2 1 0
77 | 9 9 8 8 5 5 4 1 0 0
76 | 9 7 6 6 4 1 1
75 | 7 7 5 5 4 4 4 3 3 1 1
74 | 9 9 9 9 7 6 6 6 5 5 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1 0 0 0
73 | 8 8 8 8 8 6 6 5 5 5 4 2 1 1 1 0
72 | 9 9 9 8 8 8 8 7 7 6 6 5 4 4 4 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

Gallery( The 14 Eight-thousanders)

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 In Pakistan's disputed Gilgit-Baltistan region, claimed by India.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 In the Trans-Karakoram or Shaksgam Tract, ceded by Pakistan from its disputed Gilgit-Baltistan region to China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, claimed by India as a part of its Ladakh union territory.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 On the border of the Siachen Glacier area, which is controlled by India, but is also claimed by Pakistan.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 In India's disputed Ladakh region, claimed by Pakistan.
  5. Wholly claimed by China as a part of its Tibet Autonomous Region; on the border with Bhutan according to Bhutan
  6. 1 2 The Rimo mountains are in the Siachen Glacier region controlled by India, but claimed by Pakistan
  7. 1 2 Wholly claimed by Bhutan, but on the border of the Tibet Autonomous Region according to China.

Related Research Articles

Kangchenjunga Third highest mountain in the world

Kangchenjunga, also spelled Kanchenjunga, is the third highest mountain in the world. It rises with an elevation of 8,586 m (28,169 ft) in a section of the Himalayas called Kangchenjunga Himal delimited in the west by the Tamur River, in the north by the Lhonak Chu and Jongsang La, and in the east by the Teesta River. It lies between Nepal and Sikkim, India, with three of the five peaks directly on the border, and the remaining two in Nepal's Taplejung District of Province No. 1.

K2 Eight-thousander and 2nd-highest mountain on Earth, located in Pakistan and China; also claimed by India

K2, at 8,611 metres (28,251 ft) above sea level, is the second-highest mountain on Earth, after Mount Everest. It lies in the Karakoram range, in part in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan-administered Kashmir and in part in a China-administered territory of the Kashmir region included in the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County of Xinjiang.

Mount Everest Earths highest mountain, part of the Himalaya between Nepal and Tibet

Mount Everest is Earth's highest mountain above sea level, located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas. The China–Nepal border runs across its summit point. Its elevation of 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft) was most recently established in 2020 by the Nepali and Chinese authorities.

Karakoram Major mountain range spanning the borders between India, Pakistan, and China

The Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders of China, India, and Pakistan, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan; its highest 15 mountains are all based in Pakistan. It begins in the Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the west, encompasses the majority of Gilgit-Baltistan, and extends into Ladakh and Aksai Chin. It is the second highest mountain range in the world and part of the complex of ranges including the Pamir Mountains, the Hindu Kush and the Himalayan Mountains. The Karakoram has eighteen summits over 7,500 m (24,600 ft) height, with four of them exceeding 8,000 m (26,000 ft): K2, the second highest peak in the world at 8,611 m (28,251 ft), Gasherbrum I, Broad Peak and Gasherbrum II.

Cho Oyu Mountain in Nepal/China

Cho Oyu is the sixth-highest mountain in the world at 8,188 metres (26,864 ft) above sea level. Cho Oyu means "Turquoise Goddess" in Tibetan. The mountain is the westernmost major peak of the Khumbu sub-section of the Mahalangur Himalaya 20 km west of Mount Everest. The mountain stands on the China–Nepal border.

Eight-thousander Peaks higher than 8,000 m

The International Mountaineering and Climbing Federation or UIAA recognises eight-thousanders as the 14 mountains that are more than 8,000 metres (26,247 ft) in height above sea level, and are considered to be sufficiently independent from neighbouring peaks. However, there is no precise definition of the criteria used to assess independence, and, since 2012, the UIAA has been involved in a process to consider whether the list should be expanded to 20 mountains. All eight-thousanders are located in the Himalayan and Karakoram mountain ranges in Asia, and their summits are in the death zone.

Anatoli Boukreev

Anatoli Nikolaevich Boukreev was a Russian Kazakhstani mountaineer who made ascents of 10 of the 14 eight-thousander peaks—those above 8,000 m (26,247 ft)—without supplemental oxygen. From 1989 through 1997, he made 18 successful ascents of peaks above 8000 m.

Topographic prominence Characterizes the height of a mountain or hills summit by the vertical distance between it and the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it; it is a measure of the independence of a summit

In topography, prominence measures the height of a mountain or hill's summit relative to the lowest contour line encircling it but containing no higher summit within it. It is a measure of the independence of a summit. A peak's key col is a unique point on this contour line and the parent peak is some higher mountain, selected according to various criteria.

Highest unclimbed mountain A summit never reached by mountaineers

An unclimbed mountain is a mountain peak that has yet to be climbed to the top. Determining which unclimbed peak is highest is often a matter of controversy. In some parts of the world, surveying and mapping are still unreliable. There are no comprehensive records of the routes of explorers, mountaineers, and local inhabitants. In some cases, even modern ascents by larger parties have been poorly documented and, with no universally recognized listing, the best that can be achieved in determining the world's highest unclimbed peaks is somewhat speculative. Most sources indicate that Gangkhar Puensum in Bhutan or on the Bhutan–China border is the tallest mountain in the world that has yet to be fully summited. Gangkhar Puensum has been off limits to climbers since 1994 when Bhutan prohibited all mountaineering above 6,000 m (20,000 ft) due to spiritual/religious beliefs.

Namcha Barwa

Namcha Barwa or Namchabarwa is a mountain peak in the Tibetan Himalaya. The traditional definition of the Himalaya extending from the Indus River to the Brahmaputra would make it the eastern anchor of the entire mountain chain, and it is the highest peak of its own section as well as Earth's easternmost peak over 7,600 metres (24,900 ft). It lies in the Nyingchi Prefecture of Tibet. It is the highest peak in the 180 km long Namcha Barwa Himal range, which is considered the easternmost syntaxis/section of the Himalaya in southeastern Tibet and northeastern India where the Himalaya are said to end, although high ranges actually continue another 300 km east.

Kunyang Chhish

Kunyang Chhish or Kunyang Chhish is the second-highest mountain in the Hispar Muztagh, a subrange in the Karakoram mountains in Pakistan. An alternate variation of the name is Kunyang Kish. Its height, also sometimes given as 7,823 metres (25,666 ft), is ranked 21st in the world and 8th in Pakistan.

Mera Peak Mountain peak in Nepal

Mera Peak is a mountain in the Mahalangur section, Barun sub-section of the Himalaya and administratively in Nepal's Sagarmatha Zone, [[Sankhuwasabha]. At 6,476 metres (21,247 ft) it is classified as a trekking peak. It contains three main summits: Mera North, 6,476 metres (21,247 ft); Mera Central, 6,461 metres (21,198 ft); and Mera South, 6,065 metres (19,898 ft), as well as a smaller "trekking summit", visible as a distinct summit from the south but not marked on most maps of the region.

Alexander Kellas

Alexander Mitchell Kellas was a Scottish chemist, explorer, and mountaineer known for his studies of high-altitude physiology. He was born in Aberdeen, Scotland.

Ultra-prominent peak

An ultra-prominent peak, or Ultra for short, is a mountain summit with a topographic prominence of 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) or more; it is also called a P1500. The prominence of a peak is the minimum height of climb to the summit on any route from a higher peak, or from sea level if there is no higher peak. There are approximately 1,524 such peaks on Earth. Some well-known peaks, such as the Matterhorn and Eiger, are not Ultras because they are connected to higher mountains by high cols and therefore do not achieve enough topographic prominence.

Topographic isolation

The topographic isolation of a summit is the minimum distance to a point of equal elevation, representing a radius of dominance in which the peak is the highest point. It can be calculated for small hills and islands as well as for major mountain peaks, and can even be calculated for submarine summits.

In the history of mountaineering, the world altitude record referred to the highest point on the Earth's surface which had been reached, regardless of whether that point was an actual summit. The world summit record referred to the highest mountain to have been successfully climbed. The terms are most commonly used in relation to the history of mountaineering in the Himalaya and Karakoram ranges, though modern evidence suggests that it was not until the 20th century that mountaineers in the Himalaya exceeded the heights which had been reached in the Andes. The altitude and summit records rose steadily during the early 20th century until 1953, when the ascent of Mount Everest made the concept obsolete.

Lingtren Himalayan mountain

Lingtren, 6,749 metres (22,142 ft), is a mountain in the Mahalangur Himal area of Himalaya, about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) distant in a direct line from Mount Everest. It lies on the international border between Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China and it was first climbed in 1935. A mountain nearby to the west was originally named Lingtrennup but is now more commonly called Xi Lingchain.

References

  1. McMahon, Mary (January 23, 2021). "How do Scientists Determine the World's Tallest Mountain?". Info Bloom. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  2. Fichtl, Marcus (August 31, 2017). "Guam's Mount Lamlam technically world's tallest mountain, though most of it is underwater". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  3. Krulwich, Robert (April 7, 2007). "The 'Highest' Spot on Earth?" . Retrieved 21 March 2009.
  4. "High Asia summits over 6,750 metres high with 500 metres of re-ascent". viewfinderpanoramas.org. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
  5. Peaks which are considered sub-prominences are given a rank of "S".
  6. For Nepal, the heights indicated on the Nepal Topographic Maps are followed. For China and the Baltoro mt Karakoram, the heights are those of Mi Desheng's "The Maps of Snow Mountains in China". For the Hispar Karakoram the heights on a Russian 1:100,000 topo map "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-04-27. Retrieved 2008-07-15 mt great aditya.Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) seem to be more accurate than the customarily quoted heights probably based on US army maps from the 50s . Elsewhere, unless otherwise indicated, heights are those in Jill Neate's "High Asia".
  7. Prominences over 1,500 m were copied from the Ultra Project Prominence Lists Archived 2018-11-05 at the Wayback Machine , the remainder corresponds to those listed in this table of all mountains above 6650 m
  8. Coordinates were established by comparing topographical maps with satellite images and SRTM-derived terrain maps. The terrain maps and satellite images often don't match exactly. An asterisk (*) indicates that the map and image are shifted by more than 100 m (4") and/or that the landscapes around the summit don't match.
  9. Here defined as the first higher mountain beyond the key saddle with at least 500 m prominence itself.
  10. The number of ascents and failed attempts up to 2004 is extracted from the Alpine Club Himalayan index. These are the number of expeditions (not individuals) that announced their ascent or attempt in a journal. They are probably quite accurate for the rarely climbed peaks (though omissions were noted), but greatly underestimate the number of ascending parties on the easier and/or more popular mountains, like most eight-thousanders. For instance, Mt Everest has been scaled 2,251 times by individuals up to 2004 .
  11. Given the large differences between multiple "definitive" measurements of Mount Everest, the traditional 8,848 m is listed. For more information, see Mount Everest#Surveys.
  12. https://www.britannica.com/place/K2
  13. Cho Oyu's height is 8,188 m according to the Nepal Survey's 1996 topographical map H8615, which represents the best known measurement to date. Previous estimates have been 8,153 m and 8,201 m
  14. https://www.britannica.com/place/Nanga-Parbat
  15. The 1998 1:50,000 National Geographic map of Mount Everest has a height of 7,583 m for "Bei Peak" and 7,066 m for Bei'ao (North Col), giving a 517 m prominence. Mi Desheng's 1997 1:100,000 map of the Everest region has a 7,543 summit and a 7,042 m indication near the col, not quite corresponding to the lowest pass. His 1975 1:50,000 version (in Chinese only) has Changtse at 7,580 and North Col at 7,028. All maps agree that the eastern summit is the highest.
  16. The highest (Eastern) summit of Saser Kangri II was climbed on August 24th, 2011 / p / steve-swenson-status. The lower West peak, 2.5 km away, has been climbed in 1984 and twice since.
  17. Major A. Abbey, Kabru - Mountain of the Gods, Himalayan Journal 52, 1996 (pp.29–36).
    In this report the northern and highest point of the massif is called Kabru III (first ascent May 1994) and the central, median height peak is called Kabru North. The latter may have been climbed as early as 1883.
  18. Hiroshi Yashima, Cho Aui Expedition 1986, Himalayan Journal 44, 1988
  19. Richard Hechtel, Talung Peak, AAJ, 1965.
    The Himalayan index has the 1964 expedition as an attempt, but Franz Lindner and Tenzing Nindra did claim the summit.
  20. The height is unknown, but over 7,200 metres on both Chinese and Russian maps of the area.
  21. The name and information about this summit was extracted from the May 2003 edition of Japanese Alpine News.
  22. Tamotsu Nakamura, First Ascent of Shimokangri on Tibet-Bhutan border, Man and Mountain, 2002, pp. 41–44

Sources