List of hitch knots

Last updated

A hitch is a type of knot used for binding rope to an object.

Contents

Physical theory of hitches

A simple mathematical theory of hitches has been proposed by Bayman [1] and extended by Maddocks and Keller. [2] It makes predictions that are approximately correct when tested empirically. [3]

Alphabetical list of hitch knots

KnotDescriptionImage
Adjustable grip hitch A simple and useful friction hitch which may easily be shifted up and down the rope while slack. Adjustable grip hitch knot.png
Alternate ring hitching A type of ringbolt hitching formed with a series of alternate left and right hitches made around a ring Alternate ring hitching-ABOK-3604.jpg
Anchor bend A knot used for attaching a rope to a ring Roringstek.jpg
Bale sling hitch A knot which traditionally uses a continuous loop of strap to form a cow hitch around an object in order to hoist or lower it. Bale sling hitch knot.png
Barrel hitch The "barrel hitch" and "barrel sling," named for their use in hoisting cargo aboard ships, are a simple yet effective way to suspend an object. BarrelHitch.png
Becket hitch Any hitch that is made on an eye loop, i.e., on a becket. Becket hitch knot.png
Blackwall hitch A temporary means of attaching a rope to a hook. Blackwall hitch.png
Blake's hitch A friction hitch commonly used by arborists and tree climbers as an ascending knot. Blakes hitch knot retouched.png
Boom hitch A rather robust and secure method of attaching a line, or rope to a fixed object like a pipe, post, or sail boom Tie-a-boom-hitch.svg
Bottom-loaded release hitch
Buntline hitch A knot used for attaching a rope to an object. It is formed by passing the working end around an object, then making a clove hitch around the rope's standing part, taking care that the turns of the clove hitch progress towards the object rather than away from it. Buntline-hitches-header.jpg
Cat's paw A knot used for connecting a rope to an object. Catspawknot.png
Chain hitch A knot used to connect a rope to a cylindrical object. Similar to the marline hitch, but formed with successive Clove hitch knots. Chain hitch.JPG
Clinging clara
Clove hitch A clove hitch is two successive half-hitches around an object. Webeleinenstek.jpg
Continuous ring hitching A series of identical hitches made around a ring Continuous-ring-hitching-ABOK-3602.jpg
Cow hitch variant
Cow hitch with toggle
Cow hitch A hitch knot used to attach a rope to an object. Tete d'alouette.jpg
Double overhand noose A hitch knot used to bind a rope to a carabiner. Noeud double ganse-5.jpg
Farrimond friction hitch A quick release adjustable friction hitch for use on lines under tension. Farrimond hitch.jpg
Garda hitch A ratcheting knot used to disallow dual direction rope travel. Garda hitch.jpg
Gripping sailor's hitch A secure, jam-proof hitch used to tie one rope to another, or a rope to a pole, boom, spar, etc., when the pull is lengthwise along the object. Bobmcgrsailorsgrippinghitch.jpg
Ground-line hitch A type of knot used to attach a rope to an object. Groundline-Hitch-ABOK-1243.jpg
Half hitch A simple overhand knot, where the working end of a line is brought over and under the standing part. Half hitch.jpg
Halter hitch A type of knot used to connect a rope to an object. Pferdeanbindeknoten.jpg
Highpoint hitch A type of knot used to attach a rope to an object. Highpoint hitch step 2.JPG
Highwayman's hitch A quick-release draw loop knot used for temporarily securing a rope that will need to be released easily and cleanly. Highwayman's Hitch.jpg
Hitching tie A simple knot used to tie off stuff sacks that allows quick access as it unties quickly. Hitching Tie knot.svg
Icicle hitch A knot for connecting to a post when weight is applied to an end running parallel to the post in a specific direction. Icicle hitch knot.jpg
Killick hitch A type of hitch knot used to attach a rope to oddly shaped objects. Killick hitch.jpg
Knute hitch A knot used to attach a lanyard of small stuff to a marlingspike or other tool.
Magnus hitch A knot used to attach a rope to a rod, pole, or other rope. (See also Rolling hitch Stopperstek.jpg
Marline Hitching A knot used to attach a rope to a cylindrical object. Similar in appearance to the Chain Hitch, but a succession of overhand knots. Marline hitch.JPG
Marlinespike hitch A temporary knot used to attach a rod to a rope in order to form a handle. Marlinespike-hitch-ABOK-2030.jpg
Midshipman's hitch An adjustable loop knot for use on lines under tension. Topsegelschotstek.jpg
Munter hitch A simple knot, commonly used by climbers and cavers as part of a life-lining or belay system HMS complete.jpg
Ossel hitch A knot used to attach a rope or line to an object. Bobmcgrossel4.jpg
Palomar knot A knot that is used for securing a fishing line to a fishing lure, snap or swivel. PalomarKnotSequence.jpg
Pile hitch A kind of hitch, which is a knot used for attaching rope to a pole or other structure. Pile hitch.jpg
Pipe hitch A hitch-type knot used to secure smooth cylindrical objects. Pipe hitch.jpg
Prusik knot A friction hitch or knot used to put a loop of cord around a rope, applied in climbing, canyoneering, mountaineering, caving, rope rescue, and by arborists. Prusik.jpg
Reverse half hitches
Round turn and two half-hitches Anderthalb Rundtorn mit zwei halben Schlagen.jpg
Sailor's hitch A secure, jam-proof hitch. Sailorhitch.jpg
Siberian hitch A knot used to attach a rope to an object. Siberian-hitch-Evenk-knot.jpg
Slippery hitch A knot used to attach a line to a rod or bar. SlipperyHitch.jpg
Snell knot A hitch knot used to attach an eyed fishing hook to fishing line.
Snuggle hitch A modification of the clove hitch Bobmcgrsnuggle6.jpg
Taunt-line hitch An adjustable loop knot for use on lines under tension. Topsegelschotstek.jpg
Tensionless hitch An anchor knot used for rappelling or rope rescue.
Timber hitch A knot used to attach a single length of rope to a cylindrical object. KNOTEN ZIMMERMANNSSCHLAG.JPG
Trilene knot A multi-purpose fishing knot that can be used for attaching monofilament line to hooks, swivels and lures.
Trucker's hitch A compound knot commonly used for securing loads on trucks or trailers. TruckersHitchUsingAlpineButterfly2.jpg
Tugboat hitch (Lighterman's hitch)An easy release knot ideal for heavy towing.
Tumble hitch A quick-release draw loop knot used for temporarily securing a rope that will need to be released easily and cleanly. GuvenliceEskiyaBagi4.JPG
Two half-hitches A type of knot, specifically a binding knot or hitch knot. Dubbelehalvesteek.svg
Uni knot A multi purpose fishing knot that can be used for attaching the fishing line to the arbor of a reel, for joining lines, and for attaching lures, snaps, and swivels. Uni knot.jpg
Distinguishing between a half hitch and a marline hitch Half hitch versus marline hitch.png
Distinguishing between a half hitch and a marline hitch

See also

Related Research Articles

John Horton Conway English mathematician (1937–2020)

John Horton Conway was an English mathematician active in the theory of finite groups, knot theory, number theory, combinatorial game theory and coding theory. He also made contributions to many branches of recreational mathematics, most notably the invention of the cellular automaton called the Game of Life.

Knot Method of fastening or securing linear material

A knot is an intentional complication in cordage which may be practical or decorative, or both. Practical knots are classified by function, including hitches, bends, loop knots, and splices: a hitch fastens a rope to another object; a bend fastens two ends of a rope to each another; a loop knot is any knot creating a loop, and splice denotes any multi-strand knot, including bends and loops. A knot may also refer, in the strictest sense, to a stopper or knob at the end of a rope to keep that end from slipping through a grommet or eye. Knots have excited interest since ancient times for their practical uses, as well as their topological intricacy, studied in the area of mathematics known as knot theory.

M-theory Framework of superstring theory

M-theory is a theory in physics that unifies all consistent versions of superstring theory. Edward Witten first conjectured the existence of such a theory at a string-theory conference at the University of Southern California in the spring of 1995. Witten's announcement initiated a flurry of research activity known as the second superstring revolution.

Theory of everything Hypothetical single, all-encompassing, coherent theoretical framework of physics

A theory of everything, final theory, ultimate theory, or master theory is a hypothetical single, all-encompassing, coherent theoretical framework of physics that fully explains and links together all physical aspects of the universe. Finding a TOE is one of the major unsolved problems in physics. String theory and M-theory have been proposed as theories of everything. Over the past few centuries, two theoretical frameworks have been developed that, together, most closely resemble a TOE. These two theories upon which all modern physics rests are general relativity and quantum mechanics. General relativity is a theoretical framework that only focuses on gravity for understanding the universe in regions of both large scale and high mass: stars, galaxies, clusters of galaxies, etc. On the other hand, quantum mechanics is a theoretical framework that only focuses on three non-gravitational forces for understanding the universe in regions of both small scale and low mass: sub-atomic particles, atoms, molecules, etc. Quantum mechanics successfully implemented the Standard Model that describes the three non-gravitational forces – strong nuclear, weak nuclear, and electromagnetic force – as well as all observed elementary particles.

Edward Witten American theoretical physicist

Edward Witten is an American mathematical and theoretical physicist. He is currently the Charles Simonyi Professor in the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study. Witten is a researcher in string theory, quantum gravity, supersymmetric quantum field theories, and other areas of mathematical physics. In addition to his contributions to physics, Witten's work has significantly impacted pure mathematics. In 1990, he became the first physicist to be awarded a Fields Medal by the International Mathematical Union, awarded for his 1981 proof of the positive energy theorem in general relativity. He is considered to be the practical founder of M-theory.

In theoretical physics, twistor theory was proposed by Roger Penrose in 1967 as a possible path to quantum gravity and has evolved into a branch of theoretical and mathematical physics. Penrose proposed that twistor space should be the basic arena for physics from which space-time itself should emerge. It leads to a powerful set of mathematical tools that have applications to differential and integral geometry, nonlinear differential equations and representation theory and in physics to general relativity and quantum field theory, in particular to scattering amplitudes.

The Chern–Simons theory is a 3-dimensional topological quantum field theory of Schwarz type developed by Edward Witten. It was discovered firstly by mathematical physicist Albert Schwarz. It is named after mathematicians Shiing-Shen Chern and James Harris Simons, who introduced the Chern–Simons 3-form. In the Chern–Simons theory, the action is proportional to the integral of the Chern–Simons 3-form.

Braid group

In mathematics, the braid group on n strands, also known as the Artin braid group, is the group whose elements are equivalence classes of n-braids, and whose group operation is composition of braids. Example applications of braid groups include knot theory, where any knot may be represented as the closure of certain braids ; in mathematical physics where Artin's canonical presentation of the braid group corresponds to the Yang–Baxter equation ; and in monodromy invariants of algebraic geometry.

Borromean rings Mathematical concept

In mathematics, the Borromean rings consist of three topological circles which are linked but where removing any one ring leaves the other two unconnected. In other words, no two of the three rings are linked with each other as a Hopf link, but nonetheless all three are linked. The Borromean rings are one of a class of such links called Brunnian links.

In the mathematical field of knot theory, the HOMFLY polynomial or HOMFLYPT polynomial, sometimes called the generalized Jones polynomial, is a 2-variable knot polynomial, i.e. a knot invariant in the form of a polynomial of variables m and l.

In the mathematical field of knot theory, the Jones polynomial is a knot polynomial discovered by Vaughan Jones in 1984. Specifically, it is an invariant of an oriented knot or link which assigns to each oriented knot or link a Laurent polynomial in the variable with integer coefficients.

Rudolf Haag German theoretical physicist

Rudolf Haag was a German theoretical physicist, who mainly dealt with fundamental questions of quantum field theory.

Joseph Bishop Keller was an American mathematician who specialized in applied mathematics. He was best known for his work on the "geometrical theory of diffraction" (GTD).

In knot theory, a virtual knot is a generalization of knots in 3-dimensional Euclidean space, R3, to knots in thickened surfaces modulo an equivalence relation called stabilization/destabilization. Here is required to be closed and oriented. Virtual knots were first introduced by Kauffman (1999).

Louis Kauffman American mathematician

Louis Hirsch Kauffman is an American mathematician, topologist, and professor of Mathematics in the Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer science at the University of Illinois at Chicago. He is known for the introduction and development of the bracket polynomial and the Kauffman polynomial.

Sergei Gukov

Sergei Gukov is a Russian-American mathematical and theoretical physicist. Gukov graduated from Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) in Moscow, Russia before obtaining a doctorate in physics from Princeton University under the supervision of Edward Witten.

Ribbon theory is a strand of mathematics within topology that has seen particular application as regards DNA.

Reef knot Type of knot

The reef knot, or square knot, is an ancient and simple binding knot used to secure a rope or line around an object. It is sometimes also referred to as a Hercules knot. The knot is formed by tying a left-handed overhand knot and then a right-handed overhand knot, or vice versa. A common mnemonic for this procedure is "right over left; left over right", which is often appended with the rhyming suffix "... makes a knot both tidy and tight". Two consecutive overhands of the same handedness will make a granny knot. The working ends of the reef knot must emerge both at the top or both at the bottom, otherwise a thief knot results.

The reef knot or square knot consists of two half knots, one left and one right, one being tied on top of the other, and either being tied first...The reef knot is unique in that it may be tied and tightened with both ends. It is universally used for parcels, rolls and bundles. At sea it is always employed in reefing and furling sails and stopping clothes for drying. But under no circumstances should it ever be tied as a bend, for if tied with two ends of unequal size, or if one end is stiffer or smoother than the other, the knot is almost bound to spill. Except for its true purpose of binding it is a knot to be shunned.

6D (2,0) superconformal field theory

In theoretical physics, the six-dimensional (2,0)-superconformal field theory is a quantum field theory whose existence is predicted by arguments in string theory. It is still poorly understood because there is no known description of the theory in terms of an action functional. Despite the inherent difficulty in studying this theory, it is considered to be an interesting object for a variety of reasons, both physical and mathematical.

Mina Aganagić Mathematical physicist

Mina Aganagić is a mathematical physicist who works as a professor in the Center for Theoretical Physics, the Department of Mathematics, the Department of Physics at the University of California, Berkeley.

References

  1. Bayman, Benjamin F. (1977). "Theory of hitches". American Journal of Physics. 45: 185. doi:10.1119/1.10652.
  2. Maddocks, J. H.; Keller, J. B. (1987). "Ropes in Equilibrium". SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics. 47 (6): 1185–1200. doi:10.1137/0147080.
  3. Crowell, Ben. "The physics of knots" . Retrieved 2014-06-29.