List of indigenous peoples

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This is a partial list of the world's indigenous / aboriginal / native people. Indigenous peoples are "those ethnic groups that were indigenous to a territory prior to being incorporated into a national state, and who are politically and culturally separate from the majority ethnic identity of the state that they are a part of". [1] There are internationally recognized definitions of indigenous peoples, such as those of the United Nations, the International Labour Organization and the World Bank.[ citation needed ]

Indigenous peoples Ethnic group descended from and identified with the original inhabitants of a given region

Indigenous peoples, also known as First peoples, Aboriginal peoples or Native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the original owners and caretakers of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently. Groups are usually described as indigenous when they maintain traditions or other aspects of an early culture that is associated with a given region. Not all indigenous peoples share this characteristic, as many have adopted substantial elements of a colonizing culture, such as dress, religion or language. Indigenous peoples may be settled in a given region (sedentary) or exhibit a nomadic lifestyle across a large territory, but they are generally historically associated with a specific territory on which they depend. Indigenous societies are found in every inhabited climate zone and continent of the world.

Ethnic group Socially defined category of people who identify with each other

An ethnic group or ethnicity is a category of people who identify with each other, usually on the basis of a presumed common genealogy or ancestry or on similarities such as common language or dialect, history, society, culture or nation. Ethnicity is often used synonymously with the term nation, particularly in cases of ethnic nationalism, and is separate from but related to the concept of races.

United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization responsible for maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international cooperation, and being a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. The UN isheadquartered on international territory in New York City; other main offices are in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague.

Contents

This list is grouped by region, and sub-region. Note that a particular group may warrant listing under more than one region, either because the group is distributed in more than one region (example: Inuit in North America and eastern Russia), or there may be some overlap of the regions themselves (that is, the boundaries of each region are not always clear, and some locations may commonly be associated with more than one region).

The Inuit are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting Inuit Nunangat, the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Alaska. The Inuit languages are part of the Eskimo–Aleut family. Inuit Sign Language is a critically endangered language isolate used in Nunavut.

Definition

Indigenous communities, peoples and nations are those which, having a historical continuity with pre-invasion and pre-colonial societies that developed on their territories, consider themselves distinct from other sectors of the societies now prevailing on those territories, or parts of them. They form at present non-dominant sectors of society and are determined to preserve, develop and transmit to future generations their ancestral territories, and their ethnic identity, as the basis of their continued existence as coples, in accordance with their own cultural patterns, social institutions and legal system. [2]

This historical continuity may consist of the continuation, for an extended period reaching into the present of one or more of the following factors:

Africa

African Great Lakes

Hadza people, who are indigenous to the African Great Lakes Hadza montage.png
Hadza people, who are indigenous to the African Great Lakes
Hadza people ethnic group

The Hadza, or Hadzabe, are an indigenous ethnic group in north-central Tanzania, living around Lake Eyasi in the central Rift Valley and in the neighboring Serengeti Plateau. There are, as of 2015, between 1,200 and 1,300 Hadza people living in Tanzania, however only around 300 Hadza still survive exclusively based on the traditional means of foraging. Additionally, the increasing impact of tourism and encroaching pastoralists pose serious threats to the continuation of their traditional way of life.

Tanzania Country in Africa

Tanzania officially the United Republic of Tanzania, is a country in East Africa within the African Great Lakes region. It borders Uganda to the north; Kenya to the northeast; Comoro Islands at the Indian Ocean to the east; Mozambique and Malawi to the south; Zambia to the southwest; and Rwanda, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest mountain, is in north-eastern Tanzania.

Singida Region Region in Central, Tanzania

Singida is one of the regions of Tanzania. The regional capital is the municipality of Singida. The region is bordered to the north by Shinyanga Region, Simiyu Region and Arusha Region, to the northeast by Manyara Region, to the east by Dodoma Region, to the southeast by Iringa Region, to the southwest by Mbeya Region and to the west by Tabora Region.

A Maasai traditional dance. Maasai dance.jpg
A Maasai traditional dance.

Central Africa

Baka pygmy dancers in the East Province of Cameroon. Baka dancers June 2006.jpg
Baka pygmy dancers in the East Province of Cameroon.
Batwa Pygmy with traditional bow and arrow Batwa2.jpg
Batwa Pygmy with traditional bow and arrow

Horn of Africa

Somali women in traditional headresses Somwmnhjbhd3.png
Somali women in traditional headresses
Tigrayan women in traditional attire Traditional Eritrean dance.jpg
Tigrayan women in traditional attire
Wolayta chief Kawa Tona.jpg
Wolayta chief
Berta people playing trumpets during a wedding ceremony Berta people playing trumpets.jpg
Berta people playing trumpets during a wedding ceremony

Maghreb

Shilha Berbers in Morocco Chleuh Morocco.JPG
Shilha Berbers in Morocco
Sanhaja Berber traditional dancers COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Dansgroep uit de westelijke Sahara tijdens het Nationaal Folkore Festival te Marrakech TMnr 20017655.jpg
Sanhaja Berber traditional dancers

Nile Valley

Egyptian women in traditional dress Women in Egypt.jpg
Egyptian women in traditional dress
Nilotic men in Kapoeta, South Sudan. Peace agreement dancers in Kapoeta, Sudan.jpg
Nilotic men in Kapoeta, South Sudan.

Southern Africa

Xhosa traditionally dressed women elders Xhosa traditionally dressed women.jpg
Xhosa traditionally dressed women elders
A traditional Zulu warrior garb Jong Zoeloekryger 1860.jpg
A traditional Zulu warrior garb
A Sotho man Sotho man.jpg
A Sotho man
A Swati woman dancing A Swati Woman Dancing.jpg
A Swati woman dancing
Nama man greetings Nama man greeting us (3693359757).jpg
Nama man greetings

West Africa

Yoruba drummers Kwarastatedrummers.jpg
Yoruba drummers
Tuareg man from Algeria. Tuareg2.JPG
Tuareg man from Algeria.

Eurasia

Asia

Southwest Asia (Middle East)

Marsh Arabs/Ma'dan poling a mashoof in the Mesopotamian Marshes Marsh Arabs in a mashoof.jpg
Marsh Arabs/Ma'dan poling a mashoof in the Mesopotamian Marshes
An Assyrian woman wearing traditional clothing, Zakho. Assyrianzakho.JPG
An Assyrian woman wearing traditional clothing, Zakho.
Druze residents of Mount Carmel DRUSE RESIDENTS OF THE CARMEL FEAST ON A MEAL OF TRADITIONAL FOODS. COLOR PHOTO TAKEN IN THE LATE 19TH CENTURY BY FRENCH PHOTOGRAPHER, BONFILS. TSylvm TSb` msvp hmAh h19 SHl hTSlm.jpg
Druze residents of Mount Carmel
Jewish man praying during Tisha B'Av at the Western Wall PikiWiki Israel 44792 Tisha BAv at the Western Wall.JPG
Jewish man praying during Tisha B'Av at the Western Wall
Samaritans on Mount Gerizim Samaritans on Mount Gerizim, West Bank - 20060429.jpg
Samaritans on Mount Gerizim
Soqotri men Animated conversation (6408248573).jpg
Soqotri men
Armenian women in Diyarbakir Armenianwomendiyarbakir.jpg
Armenian women in Diyarbakır
Kurds wearing traditional clothing Diyarbekir shepherd, Mardin Kurd, Aljazeera Kurd, 1873.jpg
Kurds wearing traditional clothing
Yazidi festival at Lalish Yezidi New Year festival at Lalish (18 April 2017) 11.jpg
Yazidi festival at Lalish
Baloch of Nimruz Province, Afghanistan Men in Zaranj-cropped.jpg
Baloch of Nimruz Province, Afghanistan

Caucasus

Traditional Adyghe clothing. Adyghe Costumes.jpg
Traditional Adyghe clothing.

Eurasian Steppe

Pamiri people of Tajikistan 111Pamiri1...jpg
Pamiri people of Tajikistan

South Asia

An old Munda man, Dinajpur An old Munda man, Dinajpur (1), 2010 by Biplob Rahman.jpg
An old Munda man, Dinajpur
Assamese youth in traditional dress Assamese traditional costumes.jpg
Assamese youth in traditional dress
Kodava men in traditional attire, India Coorgi Trditional Dress.jpg
Kodava men in traditional attire, India
An Indigenous Assamese woman of Assam Assamese woman.jpg
An Indigenous Assamese woman of Assam
Veddha chief Uruwarige Wannila Aththo, leader of the indigenous people Sri Lanka Vedda Chief Uruwarige Wannila Aththo.jpg
Veddha chief Uruwarige Wannila Aththo, leader of the indigenous people Sri Lanka

Southeast Asia

The Meitei (also Meetei, Meithei) people are one of the indigenous ethnic groups in Southeast Asia. The Meitei, a member of the Mongoloid race, primarily settle in the valley of Manipur, a North-eastern State of India. A significant population of the Meiteis also are settled in domestic neighboring States such as Assam, Meghalaya and Tripura. They have also settled in Bangladesh and Myanmar.

The Meitei people speak Meiteilon, a Tibeto-Burman language. Historically, Meiteilon is written in their indigenous Meitei script until it got lost and was replaced by force by Bengali Script in the early 18th century as a part of forceful conversion of Meiteis into Vaishnavism. However the revival of the Meitei indigenous religion, script started in the early part of 20th century.


Mainland Southeast Asia (Indochina)
A Wa woman carrying her child Wa villagers 00.jpg
A Wa woman carrying her child
S'gaw Karen girls of Khun Yuam District, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand 2010 Karen girls Khun Yuam district.jpg
S'gaw Karen girls of Khun Yuam District, Mae Hong Son Province, Thailand
Akha girl in Laos Akha laos 11 03d.jpg
Akha girl in Laos
Yi/Nuosu women Yi-Minority.JPG
Yi/Nuosu women
A Tai Dam lady in Laomeng village, Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County, Yunnan Province, China. 2007 1202 Tai Dam woman Yunnan.jpg
A Tai Dam lady in Laomeng village, Jinping Miao, Yao, and Dai Autonomous County, Yunnan Province, China.
Maritime Southeast Asia (Indonesia)
A Murut man (a member of one of the Dayak ethnicities) in Monsopiad Cultural Village, Kg. Kuai Kandazon, Penampang, Sabah, Borneo Island KgKuaiKandazon Sabah Monsopiad-Cultural-Village-23.jpg
A Murut man (a member of one of the Dayak ethnicities) in Monsopiad Cultural Village, Kg. Kuai Kandazon, Penampang, Sabah, Borneo Island
Ati woman, the Philippines, 2007 The Negritos were the earliest inhabitants of Southeast Asia. Ati woman.jpg
Ati woman, the Philippines, 2007 The Negritos were the earliest inhabitants of Southeast Asia.

East Asia

East China
North China
South China
Miao (Hmong) girls in China Chine Miao a cornes9317a.jpg
Miao (Hmong) girls in China
Bunun dancer Taiwan bunun dancer.jpg
Bunun dancer
Taiwan
Japan

Siberia

Representation of a Chukchi family by Louis Choris (1816) Choris, Tschuktschen.jpg
Representation of a Chukchi family by Louis Choris (1816)
Buryat shaman of Olkhon, Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia. Khagdaev 02.jpg
Buryat shaman of Olkhon, Lake Baikal in eastern Siberia.
Nenets child Nenets Child.jpg
Nenets child

Europe

Eastern Europe

Gagauz old and young people. Gagauz-children.jpg
Gagauz old and young people.
Mordvin women of Penza Oblast dressed in traditional costumes. Erzya women.jpg
Mordvin women of Penza Oblast dressed in traditional costumes.

Northern and western Europe

Oceania

Oceania includes most islands of the Pacific Ocean, New Guinea and the continent of Australia.

List of peoples by geographical and ethnolinguistic grouping:

Australia

Aboriginal farmers in Victoria, Australia, 1858 Aboriginal farmers at Franklinford 1858.jpg
Aboriginal farmers in Victoria, Australia, 1858

Australia includes the continental landmass and associated islands.

North

Arnhem

Desert

Torres Strait

Rainforest

Tasmania

Melanesia

Fijians. Music show in Fiji.jpg
Fijians.

Melanesia generally includes New Guinea and other (far-)western Pacific islands from the Arafura Sea out to Fiji. The region is mostly inhabited by the Melanesian peoples.

Micronesia

Micronesia generally includes the various small island chains of the western and central Pacific. The region is mostly inhabited by the Micronesian peoples.

Polynesia

Samoan family Samoa Familie.JPG
Samoan family

Polynesia includes New Zealand and the islands of the central and southern Pacific Ocean. The region is mostly inhabited by the Polynesian peoples.

Polynesian outliers

The Americas

The Americas is the supercontinent comprising North and South America, and associated islands.

List of peoples by geographical and ethnolinguistic grouping:

North America

North America includes all of the continent and islands east of the Bering Strait and north of the Isthmus of Panama; it includes Greenland, Canada, United States, Mexico, Central American and Caribbean countries. However a distinction can be made between a broader North America and a narrower Northern America and Middle America due to ethnic and cultural characteristics.

Arctic

Two Inuit women in traditional amauti (packing parkas) Iglulik Clothing 1999-07-18.jpg
Two Inuit women in traditional amauti (packing parkas)

Subarctic

Pacific Northwest Coast

Northwest Plateau-Great Basin-California

Northwest Plateau
Great Basin
California

Great Plains

Eastern Woodlands

Northeastern Woodlands
Southeastern Woodlands

Southwest

Mesoamerica

Tzeltal dancers waiting to perform, San Cristobal. DancersMuniPalaceSanCris2.JPG
Tzeltal dancers waiting to perform, San Cristobal.
Mam people. Mam people.jpg
Mam people.
Mayan family from Yucatan Tunkan Maia Yucatan.jpg
Mayan family from Yucatán
Amuzgos in traditional dress. GFProcessionXochis05.JPG
Amuzgos in traditional dress.
Mazatec girls performing a dance in Huautla de Jimenez. Huautla de Jimenez.jpg
Mazatec girls performing a dance in Huautla de Jimenez.
Huichol woman and child. Huichol indian.jpg
Huichol woman and child.

Circum-Caribbean

A Kuna woman in traditional dress. Panama-Kuna 0610a.jpg
A Kuna woman in traditional dress.
Umalali featuring the Garifuna Collective on the Peace Corps World Stage at Smithsonian Folklife Festival 2011 Garifuna Umalali.jpg
Umalali featuring the Garifuna Collective on the Peace Corps World Stage at Smithsonian Folklife Festival 2011

Caribbean

Portrait of the Kali'na exhibited at the Jardin d'Acclimatation in Paris in 1892 Kalina Paris 1892.jpg
Portrait of the Kali'na exhibited at the Jardin d'Acclimatation in Paris in 1892

The Caribbean, or West Indies, generally includes the island chains of the Caribbean.

South America

Embera women Mujeres de la etnia Embera.jpg
Emberá women
Urarina shaman, 1988 Urarina shaman B Dean.jpg
Urarina shaman, 1988
Bororo-Boe man from Mato Grosso at Brazil's Indigenous Games, 2007 Bororo004.jpg
Bororo-Boe man from Mato Grosso at Brazil's Indigenous Games, 2007
Pai Tavytera people in Amambay Department, Paraguay, 2012 Pai Tavytera Indians.jpg
Pai Tavytera people in Amambay Department, Paraguay, 2012
Quechua woman and child in the Sacred Valley, Peru Quechuawomanandchild.jpg
Quechua woman and child in the Sacred Valley, Peru

South America generally includes all of the continent and islands south of the Isthmus of Panama.


Circum-Caribbean (Chibcha)

Amazon

Guianas

Eastern Highlands (Brazilian Highlands)

Chaco

Central Andes

Southern Cone

Araucania
Patagonia
Fire Land (Tierra del Fuego)

Circumpolar

Circumpolar peoples is an umbrella term for the various indigenous peoples of the Arctic. List of peoples by ethnolinguistic grouping:

See also

See all pages that start with indigenous people or indigenous

Notes

  1. Sanders, Douglas (1999). "Indigenous peoples: Issues of definition". International Journal of Cultural Property. 8 (1): 4–13. doi:10.1017/S0940739199770591.
  2. Jose R. Martinez Cobo
  3. Definition of indigenous peoples
  4. Unrepresented Nations and People Organization | UNPO, Assyrians the Indigenous People of Iraq
  5. Sawahla & Dloomy (2007, pp. 425–433)
  6. Tubb, 1998. pg 13–14.
  7. Mark Smith, in The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities of Ancient Israel, states "Despite the long regnant model that the Canaanites and Israelites were people of fundamentally different culture, archaeological data now casts doubt on this view. The material culture of the region exhibits numerous common points between Israelites and Canaanites in the Iron I period (c. 1200–1000 BC). The record would suggest that the Israelite culture largely overlapped with and derived from Canaanite culture. ... In short, Israelite culture was largely Canaanite in nature. Given the information available, one cannot maintain a radical cultural separation between Canaanites and Israelites for the Iron I period." (pp. 6–7). Smith, Mark (2002) The Early History of God: Yahweh and Other Deities of Ancient Israel (Eerdman's)
  8. Rendsberg, Gary (2008). "Israel without the Bible". In Frederick E. Greenspahn. The Hebrew Bible: New Insights and Scholarship. NYU Press, pp. 3–5
  9. Josephus. War of the Jews 9:2.
  10. "Jewish Genetics - DNA, genes, Jews, Ashkenazi".
  11. Haber, Marc; Gauguier, Dominique; Youhanna, Sonia; Patterson, Nick; Moorjani, Priya; Botigué, Laura R; Platt, Daniel E; Matisoo-Smith, Elizabeth; Soria-Hernanz, David F; Wells, R. Spencer; Bertranpetit, Jaume; Tyler-Smith, Chris; Comas, David; Zalloua, Pierre A (2013). "Genome-Wide Diversity in the Levant Reveals Recent Structuring by Culture". PLOS Genetics. 9 (2): e1003316. doi:10.1371/journal.pgen.1003316. PMC   3585000 . PMID   23468648.
  12. Behar, Doron M.; Yunusbayev, Bayazit; Metspalu, Mait; Metspalu, Ene; Rosset, Saharon; Parik, Jüri; Rootsi, Siiri; Chaubey, Gyaneshwer; Kutuev, Ildus; Yudkovsky, Guennady; Khusnutdinova, Elza K.; Balanovsky, Oleg; Semino, Ornella; Pereira, Luisa; Comas, David; Gurwitz, David; Bonne-Tamir, Batsheva; Parfitt, Tudor; Hammer, Michael F.; Skorecki, Karl; Villems, Richard (2010). "The genome-wide structure of the Jewish people". Nature. 466 (7303): 238–242. Bibcode:2010Natur.466..238B. doi:10.1038/nature09103. PMID   20531471.
  13. "Tracing the Roots of Jewishness". 2010-06-03.
  14. The UN Refugee Agency | UNHCR, World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples
  15. Department of Evolutionary Biology at University of Tartu Estonian Biocentre | Reconstruction of Patrilineages and Matrilineages of Samaritans and Other Israeli Populations From Y-Chromosome and Mitochondrial DNA Sequence Variation, Molecular Anthropology Group
  16. "World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples – Philippines: Overview, 2007", UNHCR | Refworld.
  17. Hanihara, T (1992). "Negritos, Australian Aborigines, and the proto-sundadont dental pattern: The basic populations in East Asia". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 88 (2): 183–96. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330880206. PMID   1605316.
  18. Johansson, Peter (2016-02-05). "Indigenous self-determination in the Nordic countries: the Sami, and the Inuit of Greenland". In Short, Damien; Lennox, Corinne (eds.). Handbook of Indigenous Peoples' Rights. London: Routledge. pp. 424–442. ISBN   9781136313868.
  19. Osherenko, Gail (April 1, 2001). "Indigenous rights in Russia: Is title to land essential for cultural survival?". Georgetown International Environmental Law Review. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011.
  20. "Crofters fight for rights of indigenous people". 2008-04-19.
  21. Rouse (1992)

Related Research Articles

Eskimo Name used to describe Indigenous people from the circumpolar region

Eskimo or Eskimos are the indigenous circumpolar peoples who have traditionally inhabited the northern circumpolar region from eastern Siberia (Russia) to Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. The two main peoples known as "Eskimo" are the Inuit—including the Alaskan Iñupiat peoples, the Greenlandic Inuit, and the mass-grouping Inuit peoples of Canada—and the Yupik of eastern Siberia and Alaska. A third northern group, the Aleut, is closely related to both. They share a relatively recent common ancestor and a language group (Eskimo-Aleut).

Geography of Russia Landforms and water bodies of the country of Russia

Russia is a country extending over much of northern Eurasia. Comprising much of eastern Europe and northern Asia, it is the world's largest country in total area. Due to its size, Russia displays both monotony and diversity. As with its topography, its climates, vegetation, and soils span vast distances. From north to south the East European Plain is clad sequentially in tundra, coniferous forest (taiga), mixed and broadleaf forests, grassland (steppe), and semi-desert as the changes in vegetation reflect the changes in climate. Siberia supports a similar sequence but is predominantly taiga. The country contains forty UNESCO biosphere reserves.

Caucasus An area situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea

The Caucasus or Caucasia is an area situated between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and mainly occupied by Georgia, with small parts of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Russia in the vicinity. It is home to the Caucasus Mountains, including the Greater Caucasus mountain range, which has historically been considered a natural barrier between Eastern Europe and Western Asia.

North Asia subregion of Asia

North Asia or Northern Asia, sometimes also referred to as Siberia or Eurasia, is partly a subregion of Asia, consisting of the Russian regions east of the Ural Mountains: Siberia, Ural and the Russian Far East. The region is sometimes also known as Asian Russia. North Asia is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by Eastern Europe, to the south by Central and East Asia and to the east by the Pacific Ocean and North America. North Asia covers an area of approximately 13,100,000 square kilometres (5,100,000 sq mi) or 8.8% of the earth's land area, or 1.5 times the size of Brazil. It is the largest subregion of Asia by area, but is also the least populated, with an approximate total population of only 33 million people or 0.74% of Asia’s population. North Asia is solely administrated by Russia, and makes up more than 75% of the territory of the country, but only 22% of its population, at a density of 2.5 people per km2. The region of Western Siberia and occasionally Kazakhstan is usually called Northwestern Asia or Northwest Asia;, although the name sometimes refers to Caucasus or nearby provinces.

A subregion is a part of a larger region or continent and is usually based on location. Cardinal directions, such as south or southern, are commonly used to define a subregion.

<i>Sagittaria</i> genus of plants

Sagittaria is a genus of about 30 species of aquatic plants whose members go by a variety of common names, including arrowhead, duck potato, katniss, Omodaka, swamp potato, tule potato, and wapato. Most are native to South, Central, and North America, but there are also some from Europe, Africa, and Asia.

<i>Eriophorum</i> genus of plants

Eriophorum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cyperaceae, the sedge family. They are found throughout the arctic, subarctic and temperate portions of the Northern Hemisphere in acid bog habitats, being particularly abundant in Arctic tundra regions.

Peoples of the Caucasus

The peoples of the Caucasus are diverse comprising more than 50 ethnic groups throughout the Caucasus region.

The languages of North America reflect not only that continent's indigenous peoples, but the European colonization as well. The most widely spoken languages in North America are English, Spanish, and to a lesser extent French, and, especially in the Caribbean, creole languages lexified by them.

<i>Glyceria</i> genus of plants

Glyceria is a widespread genus of grass family common across Eurasia, Australia, North Africa, and the Americas.

Circumpolar peoples

Circumpolar peoples and Arctic peoples are umbrella terms for the various indigenous peoples of the Arctic.

Salient (geography)

A salient is an elongated protrusion of a geopolitical entity, such as a subnational entity or a sovereign state.

<i>Erigone</i> (spider) Genus of spiders

Erigone is a genus of dwarf spiders that was first described by Jean Victoire Audouin in 1826. They are carnivorous, preying on small insects such as psylla and flies. One of the distinctive characters for this genus is the presence of teeth bordering the carapace.

<i>Gnaphosa</i> Genus of spiders

Gnaphosa is a genus of ground spiders that was first described by Pierre André Latreille in 1804. They all have a serrated keel on the retromargin of each chelicera.

<i>Agyneta</i> Genus of spiders

Agyneta is a genus of dwarf spiders that was first described by J. E. Hull in 1911.

<i>Micaria</i> Genus of spiders

Micaria is a genus of ground spiders that was first described by Niklas Westring in 1851. They are 1.3 to 6.5 millimetres long.

References

Kipuri, Naomi (2007), "Kenya", in Sille Stidsen (compilation and ed.) (ed.), The Indigenous World 2007, International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs yearbooks, Marianne Wiben Jensen (Horn of Africa and East Africa regional ed.), Copenhagen: IWGIA, distributed by Transaction Publishers, pp. 468–476, ISBN   978-87-91563-23-2, ISSN   1024-0217, OCLC   30981676, archived from the original (PDF online edition) on 2008-10-22
Minority Rights Group International (1997), World Directory of Minorities, London, UK: Minority Rights Group International, ISBN   978-1-873194-36-2
Rouse, Irving (1992), The Tainos: Rise and Decline of the People who greeted Columbus, New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, ISBN   978-0-300-05181-0, OCLC   24469325
Tubb, Jonathan N. (1998). Canaanites. University of Oklahoma Press. ISBN   978-0-8061-3108-5.