List of lakes by area

Last updated
Dymaxion world map with the 15 largest lakes roughly to scale Fuller projection with largest lakes by area.svg
Dymaxion world map with the 15 largest lakes roughly to scale

This is a list of terrestrial lakes with a surface area of more than approximately 2,000 square kilometres (800 sq mi), ranked by area. [1] [2] [3] This list does not include reservoirs or lagoons.


The area of some lakes can vary considerably over time, either seasonally or from year to year. This is especially true of salt lakes in arid climates.

This list excludes seasonal lakes such as Lake Eyre (maximum area 9,500 km2, 3,700 sq mi), Mar Chiquita Lake (Córdoba) (maximum area 6,000 km2, 2,300 sq mi), Lake Torrens (maximum area 5,745 km2, 2,218 sq mi) and Great Salt Lake (maximum area, 1988, 8,500 km2, 3,300 sq mi).

List of lakes

at fixed scale Scale outline.png
NameCountries with shorelineTypeAreaLengthMax.
Caspian outline.png 1 Caspian Sea [n 1] Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
Saline 371,000 km2
143,000 sq mi
1,199 km
745 mi
1,025 m
3,363 ft
78,200 km3
18,800 cu mi
Despite its name, it is often regarded as the world's largest lake, though it contains an oceanic basin (contiguous with the world ocean until 11 million years ago) rather than being entirely over continental crust. [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Superior outline.gif 2 Superior Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
82,100 km2
31,700 sq mi [9]
616 km
383 mi [9]
406.3 m
1,333 ft [9]
12,100 km3
2,900 cu mi [9]
Largest of the Great Lakes by volume, having more water than the other four combined. [10] The largest freshwater lake in the world by area. [11]
Victoria outline.gif 3 Victoria Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania
68,870 km2
26,590 sq mi
322 km
200 mi
84 m
276 ft
2,750 km3
660 cu mi
The largest lake by area in Africa. [12]
Huron outline.png 4 Huron [n 2] Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
59,600 km2
23,000 sq mi [9]
332 km
206 mi [9]
229 m
751 ft [9]
3,540 km3
850 cu mi [9]
Contains Manitoulin Island, the world's largest lake island. [18]
Michigan outline.gif 5 Michigan [n 2] Flag of the United States.svg  United States 58,000 km2
22,000 sq mi [9]
494 km
307 mi [9]
281 m
922 ft [9]
4,900 km3
1,200 cu mi [9]
The largest lake (by area) that is located entirely in one country.
Tanganyika outline.gif 6 Tanganyika 32,600 km2
12,600 sq mi
676 km
420 mi
1,470 m
4,820 ft
18,900 km3
4,500 cu mi
Longest freshwater lake in the world and third largest of any kind by volume. [19]
Baikal outline.gif 7 Baikal Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 31,500 km2
12,200 sq mi
636 km
395 mi
1,637 m
5,371 ft
23,600 km3
5,700 cu mi
Deepest lake in the world and largest freshwater lake in the world by volume. [20]
Great bear outline.gif 8 Great Bear Lake Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 31,000 km2
12,000 sq mi
373 km
232 mi
446 m
1,463 ft
2,236 km3
536 cu mi
Largest lake entirely within Canada, [21] and the largest lake partially within the Arctic Circle
Nyasa outline.gif 9 Malawi Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania
29,500 km2
11,400 sq mi
579 km
360 mi
706 m
2,316 ft
8,400 km3
2,000 cu mi
Has more species of fish than any other lake in the world. [22]
Great slave outline.gif 10 Great Slave Lake Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 27,000 km2
10,000 sq mi
480 km
300 mi
614 m
2,014 ft
1,560 km3
370 cu mi
Deepest lake in North America [23]
Erie outline.gif 11 Erie Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
25,700 km2
9,900 sq mi [9]
388 km
241 mi [9]
64 m
210 ft [9]
489 km3
117 cu mi [9]
Winnipeg outline.gif 12 Winnipeg Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 24,514 km2
9,465 sq mi
425 km
264 mi
36 m
118 ft
283 km3
68 cu mi
Ontario outline.gif 13 Ontario Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
18,960 km2
7,320 sq mi [9]
311 km
193 mi [9]
244 m
801 ft [9]
1,639 km3
393 cu mi [9]
Ladoga outline.gif 14 Ladoga Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 18,130 km2
7,000 sq mi
219 km
136 mi
230 m
750 ft
908 km3
218 cu mi
Largest lake in Europe. [24]
Balkhash outline.gif 15 Balkhash Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Saline16,400 km2
6,300 sq mi
605 km
376 mi
26 m
85 ft
106 km3
25 cu mi
16 Bangweulu Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 15,100 km2
5,800 sq mi
75 km
47 mi
10 m
33 ft
Vostok outline.gif 17 Vostok True South Antarctic Flag.svg  Antarctica 12,500 km2
4,800 sq mi
250 km
160 mi
900–1,000 m
3,000–3,300 ft
5,400 ± 1,600 km3
1,300 ± 380 cu mi
Largest lake in Antarctica
Onega outline.gif 18 Onega Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 9,700 km2
3,700 sq mi
245 km
152 mi
127 m
417 ft
285 km3
68 cu mi
Second-largest lake in Europe.
Titicaca outline.gif 19 Titicaca Bandera de Bolivia (Estado).svg  Bolivia
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru
8,372 km2
3,232 sq mi
177 km
110 mi
281 m
922 ft
893 km3
214 cu mi
Highest navigable lake in the world and largest lake in South America.
Nicaragua outline.gif 20 Nicaragua Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua 8,264 km2
3,191 sq mi
177 km
110 mi
26 m
85 ft
108 km3
26 cu mi
Largest lake in Central America. Contains fresh water sharks.
Athabasca outline.gif 21 Athabasca Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 7,850 km2
3,030 sq mi
335 km
208 mi
243 m
797 ft
204 km3
49 cu mi
Turkana outline.gif 22 Turkana Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya
Saline6,405 km2
2,473 sq mi
248 km
154 mi
109 m
358 ft
204 km3
49 cu mi
Largest permanent desert lake and the world's largest alkaline lake. [25]
Reindeer outline.gif 23 Reindeer Lake Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 6,330 km2
2,440 sq mi
245 km
152 mi
337 m
1,106 ft
95.25 km3
22.85 cu mi
Issyk-kul outline.gif 24 Issyk-Kul Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan Saline6,200 km2
2,400 sq mi
182 km
113 mi
668 m
2,192 ft
1,738 km3
417 cu mi
Urmia outline.gif 25 Urmia Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Saline6,001 km2
2,317 sq mi
130 km
81 mi
16 m
52 ft
Vanern outline.gif 26 Vänern Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 5,545 km2
2,141 sq mi
140 km
87 mi
106 m
348 ft
153 km3
37 cu mi
Largest lake in the European Union.
Winnipegosis outline.gif 27 Winnipegosis Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 5,403 km2
2,086 sq mi
245 km
152 mi
18 m
59 ft
Albert outline.png 28 Albert Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo
5,299 km2
2,046 sq mi
161 km
100 mi
58 m
190 ft
280 km3
67 cu mi
Mweru outline.png 29 Mweru Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo
5,120 km2
1,980 sq mi
131 km
81 mi
27 m
89 ft
38 km3
9.1 cu mi
Nettilling outline.gif 30 Nettilling Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 5,066 km2
1,956 sq mi
113 km
70 mi
132 m
433 ft
Largest lake on an island, namely Baffin Island. [26]
Nipigon outline.gif 31 Nipigon 4,843 km2
1,870 sq mi
116 km
72 mi
165 m
541 ft
248 km3
59 cu mi
Manitoba outline.gif 32 Manitoba 4,706 km2
1,817 sq mi
225 km
140 mi
7 m
23 ft
14.1 km3
3.4 cu mi
Taymyr outline.png 33 Taymyr Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 4,560 km2
1,760 sq mi
250 km
160 mi
26 m
85 ft
12.8 km3
3.1 cu mi
Largest lake entirely within the Arctic Circle.
Qinghai outline.png 34 Qinghai Lake Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Saline4,489 km2
1,733 sq mi (2007)
32.8 m
108 ft
Saimaa outline.gif 35 Saimaa Flag of Finland.svg  Finland ≈ 4,400 km2
1,700 sq mi
82 m
269 ft
36 km3
8.6 cu mi
Lake of the Woods outline.gif 36 Lake of the Woods Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Flag of the United States.svg  United States
4,350 km2
1,680 sq mi
110 km
68 mi
64 m
210 ft
19.4 km3
4.7 cu mi
Khanka outline.png 37 Khanka Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
4,190 km2
1,620 sq mi
90 km
56 mi
10.6 m
35 ft
18.3 km3
4.4 cu mi
Sarygamysh outline.png 38 Sarygamysh Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan
3,955 km2
1,527 sq mi
125 km
78 mi
40 m
130 ft
68.56 km3
16.45 cu mi
39 Dubawnt Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 3,833 km2
1,480 sq mi
40 Van Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Saline3,755 km2
1,450 sq mi
119 km
74 mi
451 m
1,480 ft
607 km3
146 cu mi
41 Peipus Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
3,555 km2
1,373 sq mi
15.3 m
50 ft
25 km3
6.0 cu mi
Largest trans-boundary lake in Europe.
42 Uvs Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Saline3,350 km2
1,290 sq mi
84 km
52 mi
22 m
72 ft
43 Poyang Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 3,210 km2
1,240 sq mi
170 km
110 mi
25.1 m
82 ft
25.2 km3
6.0 cu mi
44 Tana Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 3,200 km2
1,200 sq mi
84 km
52 mi
15 m
49 ft
45 Amadjuak Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 3,115 km2
1,203 sq mi
46 Melville Saline3,069 km2
1,185 sq mi

Source for the 20 largest lakes (and their areas): [27]

See also

Notes and references

Note: Lake areas may slightly vary depending on the sources.

  1. The area indicated does not include the saltwater lagoon of Garabogazköl, which is technically not a separate lake, but is detached from the Caspian Sea via a narrow ridge of land, and connected via a narrow inlet. If included as its own separate lake, it would rank as the world's 15th largest lake, with an area of 18,000 km2
    6,900 sq mi
  2. 1 2 Although Lake Michigan and Lake Huron are usually considered distinct, sometimes they are regarded as a single lake known as Lake Michigan–Huron. When treated as a single entity, it is the world's largest freshwater lake by surface area, at 117,400 km2 (45,300 sq mi). [13] [14] [15] [16] [17]
  1. Likens, Gene E., ed. (2009). "Historical Estimates of Limnicity". Encyclopedia of inland waters (1st ed.). Amsterdam: Elsevier. ISBN   978-0120884629. Table 1: The world's lakes >2000 km2 in area, arranged in decreasing order of lake area. See also Lakes (Formation, Diversity, Distribution) Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Marsh, William M.; Martin M. Kaufman (30 April 2012). Physical geography : great systems and global environments. Table 16.2: Great lakes of the world by lake type. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 399. ISBN   978-0521764285.
  3. van der Leeden, Frits; Troise, Fred L.; Todd, David Keith, eds. (1991). The water encyclopedia (2nd ed.). Chelsea, Mich.: Lewis. pp.  198–200. ISBN   9780873711203.
  4. "Plume over the Caspian Sea". NASA. 16 April 2008. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
  5. "Caspian Sea". Britannica. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
  6. "Endorheic Lakes". United Nations. Retrieved 2010-11-29.
  7. DuMont, H.J. "The Caspian Lake: History, biota, structure, and function" (PDF). American Society of Limnology and Oceanography . Retrieved 2010-11-29.
  8. Planet Earth And the New Geoscience (2003:154). Victor Schmidt, William Harbert, University of Pittsburgh
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Great Lakes Factsheet No. 1 US Environmental Protection Agency website retrieved September 9, 2012
  10. "Great Lakes: Basic Information: Physical Facts". United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). May 25, 2011. Archived from the original on 2012-05-29. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
  11. Superior Pursuit: facts about the Greatest Great Lake - Minnesota Sea Grant. University of Minnesota.
  12. " Lake Victoria" . Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  13. David Lees in Canadian Geographic writes, "Contrary to popular belief, the largest lake in the world is not Lake Superior but mighty Lake Michigan–Huron, which is a single hydrological unit linked at the Straits of Mackinac." Lees, David. "High and Dry" Canadian Geographic (May/June 2004) pp.94-108.
  14. "Lakes Michigan and Huron are considered to be one lake hydraulically because of their connection through the deep Straits of Mackinac." Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory, part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "Great Lakes Sensitivity to Climatic Forcing: Hydrological Models Archived 2010-08-08 at the Wayback Machine ." NOAA, 2006.
  15. "Lakes Michigan and Huron are considered to be one lake, as they rise and fall together due to their union at the Straits of Mackinac." U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, "Hydrological Components" Record Low Water Levels Expected on Lake Superior Archived 2008-10-15 at the Wayback Machine . August 2007. p.6
  16. "Great Lakes Map". Michigan Department of Environmental Quality . Retrieved 20 September 2012.
  17. "Largest Lake in the World". Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  18. "Manitoulin Island website" . Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  19. "Lake Tanganyika at Encyclopædia Britannica" . Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  20. "Lake Baikal, World's Largest Freshwater Body". International Business Times . 9 September 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  21. "Plate 18. Large Lakes" (PDF). Natural Resources Canada. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 November 2013. Retrieved 12 September 2014.
  22. "Protected Areas Programme". United Nations Environment Programme, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, UNESCO. October 1995. Archived from the original on 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
  23. " Great Slave Lake" . Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  24. "Freshwater Ecoregions of the World: Lake Ladoga". Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  25. "Omo Valley in Ethiopia, Lake Turkana". Archived from the original on 31 October 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  26. "Lakes on Islands" . Retrieved 23 November 2014.
  27. "Largest Lakes (Area)". LakeNet. Retrieved 3 March 2013.

Further reading

Related Research Articles

Great Lakes Group of lakes in North America

The Great Lakes, also called the Great Lakes of North America or the Laurentian Great Lakes, is a series of large interconnected freshwater lakes with sea-like characteristics in the mid-east region of North America that connect to the Atlantic Ocean via the Saint Lawrence River. They are Lakes Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario and are in general on or near the Canada–United States border. Hydrologically, there are four lakes, because lakes Michigan and Huron join at the Straits of Mackinac. The Great Lakes Waterway enables modern travel and shipping by water among the lakes.

Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia. With an area of about 2,724,900 square kilometers, Kazakhstan is more than twice the combined size of the other four Central Asian states and 60% larger than Alaska. The country borders Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan to the south; Russia to the north; Russia and the Caspian Sea to the west; and China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region to the east.

Lake Michigan One of the Great Lakes of North America

Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume and the third-largest by surface area, after Lake Superior and Lake Huron. To the east, its basin is conjoined with that of Lake Huron through the narrow Straits of Mackinac, giving it the same surface elevation as its easterly counterpart; the two are technically a single lake.

Lake Superior Largest of the Great Lakes of North America

Lake Superior is the largest and northernmost of the Great Lakes of North America, and among freshwater lakes, it is the world's largest by surface area and the third-largest by volume. It holds 10% of the world's surface fresh water. It is shared by Ontario, Canada, to the north, and states in the United States in other directions: Minnesota to the west, and Wisconsin and the Upper Peninsula of Michigan to the south. Lake Superior is the most northerly and most westerly of the Great Lakes chain, and the highest in elevation. It drains into Lake Huron via St. Mary's River.

Upper Peninsula of Michigan Northern major peninsula of the U.S. state of Michigan

The Upper Peninsulaof Michigan – also known as Upper Michigan or colloquially the U.P. – is the northern and more elevated of the two major landmasses that make up the U.S. state of Michigan; it is separated from the Lower Peninsula by the Straits of Mackinac. It is bounded primarily by Lake Superior to the north, separated from the Canadian province of Ontario at the east end by the St. Marys River, and flanked by Lake Huron and Lake Michigan along much of its south. Although the peninsula extends as a geographic feature into the state of Wisconsin, the state boundary follows the Montreal and Menominee rivers and a line connecting them.

Lake Huron One of the Great Lakes of North America

Lake Huron is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. Hydrologically, it comprises the easterly portion of Lake Michigan–Huron, having the same surface elevation as its westerly counterpart, to which it is connected by the 5-mile-wide (8.0 km), 20-fathom-deep Straits of Mackinac. It is shared on the north and east by the Canadian province of Ontario and on the south and west by the U.S. state of Michigan. The name of the lake is derived from early French explorers who named it for the Huron people inhabiting the region. The Huronian glaciation was named from evidence collected from Lake Huron region. The northern parts of the lake include the North Channel and Georgian Bay. Saginaw Bay is located in the southwest corner of the lake. The main inlet is the St. Marys River, and the main outlet is the St. Clair River.

Mackinac Island Island in Michigan

Mackinac Island is an island and resort area, covering 4.35 square miles (11.3 km2) in land area, in the U.S. state of Michigan. The name of the island in Odawa is Michilimackinac and "Mitchimakinak" in Ojibwemowin meaning "Big Turtle". It is located in Lake Huron, at the eastern end of the Straits of Mackinac, between the state's Upper and Lower Peninsulas. The island was long home to an Odawa settlement and previous indigenous cultures before European colonization began in the 17th century. It was a strategic center of the fur trade around the Great Lakes. Based on a former trading post, Fort Mackinac was constructed on the island by the British during the American Revolutionary War. It was the site of two battles during the War of 1812 before the northern border was settled and the US gained this island in its territory.

Geography of Iran Geographical features of Iran

Geographically, Iran is located in West Asia and borders the Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf, and Gulf of Oman. Its mountains have helped to shape both the political and the economic history of the country for several centuries. The mountains enclose several broad basins, on which major agricultural and urban settlements are located. Until the 20th century, when major highways and railroads were constructed through the mountains to connect the population centers, these basins tended to be relatively isolated from one another.

Great Lakes Waterway System of channels and canals in the Great Lakes

The Great Lakes Waterway (GLW) is a system of natural channels and artificial canals which enable navigation between the North American Great Lakes. Though all of the lakes are naturally connected as a chain, water travel between the lakes was impeded for centuries by obstacles such as Niagara Falls and the rapids of the St. Marys River.

Straits of Mackinac Strait connecting Lakes Huron and Michigan in Michigan, USA

The Straits of Mackinac are the short waterways between the U.S. state of Michigan's Upper and Lower Peninsulas, traversed by the Mackinac Bridge. The main strait is 3+12 miles wide and has a maximum depth of 295 feet, and connects two of the Great Lakes, Lake Michigan and Lake Huron. Hydrologically, the two connected lakes can be considered one lake, known as Lake Michigan–Huron. Historically, the native Odawa people called the region around the Straits Michilimackinac. The Straits of Mackinac are "whipsawed by currents unlike anywhere else in the Great Lakes".

Lake Michigan–Huron Combined lake system

Lake Michigan–Huron is the body of water consisting of Lake Michigan and Lake Huron, which are joined through the 5-mile-wide (8.0 km), 20-fathom-deep, open-water Straits of Mackinac. Huron and Michigan are hydrologically a single lake because the flow of water through the straits keeps their water levels in overall equilibrium. Although the flow is generally eastward, the water moves in either direction depending on local conditions. Combined, Lake Michigan–Huron is the largest freshwater lake by area in the world. However, Lake Superior is larger than either individually, and so is counted as the largest lake when Lake Huron and Lake Michigan are considered separately.

Lake island Island located in a lake

A lake island is any landmass within a lake. It is a type of inland island. Lake islands may form a lake archipelago.

Geography of Michigan Aspect of geography

Michigan consists of two peninsulas surrounded primarily by four of the Great Lakes and a variety of nearby islands. The Upper Peninsula is bounded on the southwest by Wisconsin, and the Lower Peninsula is bounded on the south by Indiana and Ohio. Both land masses are also separated from the Canadian province of Ontario by waterways of the Great Lakes, and from each other by the Straits of Mackinac. Because its land is largely surrounded by the Great Lakes, which flow into the Saint Lawrence River, Michigan is the only U.S. state whose streams and rivers are almost entirely within the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence watershed.

Lake Large body of relatively still water

A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, and set apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, although, like the much larger oceans, they do form part of the Earth's water cycle. Lakes are distinct from lagoons, which are generally coastal parts of the ocean. Lakes are typically larger and deeper than ponds, which also lie on land, though there are no official or scientific definitions. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams, which usually flow in a channel on land. Most lakes are fed and drained by rivers and streams.

Caspian Sea Worlds largest inland body of water, located in Eurasia

The Caspian Sea is the world's largest inland body of water, often described as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. An endorheic basin, it lies between Europe and Asia; east of the Caucasus, west of the broad steppe of Central Asia, south of the fertile plains of Southern Russia in Eastern Europe, and north of the mountainous Iranian Plateau of Western Asia. It covers 143,550 sq mi (372,000 km2) and a volume of 78,200 km3 (19,000 cu mi). It has a salinity of approximately 1.2%, about a third that of average seawater. It is bounded by Kazakhstan from mid-north to mid-east, Russia from mid-north to mid-west, Azerbaijan to the southwest, Iran to the south and adjacent corners, and Turkmenistan along southern parts of its eastern coast.

Enbridge Line 5 Major Canadian oil pipeline

Enbridge Line 5 is a major oil pipeline in the Enbridge Lakehead System, which conveys petroleum from western Canada to eastern Canada via the Great Lakes states. Line 5 is particularly notable for passing under the environmentally sensitive Straits of Mackinac, which connect Lake Michigan to Lake Huron. As of December 2013, the line carries 540,000 barrels (86,000 m3) of oil per day. It carries synthetic crude, natural gas liquids, sweet crude, and light sour crude.

Lake Stanley

Lake Stanley, also called the Stanley unconformity, is a postglacial freshwater lake that occupied part of what is now the basin of Lake Huron during a hydrologically significant period from 10,000 years Before Present (B.P.). The lake’s surface level was approximately 70 meters below the current lake’s water surface.