List of local nature reserves in Northamptonshire

Last updated

Kinewell Lake Kinewell Lake 4.jpg
Kinewell Lake

Northamptonshire is a county in the East Midlands of England. [1] It has an area of 236,700 hectares (914 sq mi) [2] and a population estimated in mid-2015 at 723,000. [3] It is bordered by Warwickshire, Leicestershire, Rutland, Lincolnshire, Cambridgeshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire. It was governed by Northamptonshire County Council and seven district and borough councils, Corby, Daventry, East Northamptonshire, Kettering, Northampton, South Northamptonshire and Wellingborough [1] until April 2021 when North Northamptonshire and West Northamptonshire unitary authorities were formed. The county flower is the cowslip. [4]

Contents

A ridge of low Jurassic hills runs through the county, separating the basins of the Welland and Nene rivers. The county has good communications as it is crossed by two main railway lines and the M1 motorway, and it has many small industrial centres rather than large conurbations. The main architectural feature is its country houses and mansions. [5]

As of May 2017, there are 18 local nature reserves in Northamptonshire, [6] and there is public access to all sites. Twelve are managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire, and two are also Sites of Special Scientific Interest, Ramsar internationally important wetland sites, and Special Protection Areas under the European Union Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds. The largest site is Titchmarsh Nature Reserve at 72.7 hectares (180 acres), which has nationally important numbers of goosanders, wigeons and gadwalls in winter. [7] The smallest is Great Oakley Meadow, which has prominent surviving ridge and furrow from the medieval ploughing system. [8]

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Other classifications

Sites

SitePhotographArea [lower-alpha 1] LocationDistrictOther classificationsMap [lower-alpha 2] Details [lower-alpha 3] Description
Barnes Meadow River Nene in Barnes Meadow 7.jpg 29.4 hectares (73 acres) Northampton
52°13′48″N0°52′37″W / 52.230°N 0.877°W / 52.230; -0.877 (Barnes Meadow)
SP 768 597
West Northamptonshire WTBCN [9] Map Details The site includes a stretch of the River Nene, meadows and a redundant arm of the river. There are many dragonflies including brown hawkers, and a large population of grass snakes. Birds include grey herons, kingfishers and great crested grebes. [9] [10]
Crowfields Common Crowfields Common 9.jpg 8.7 hectares (21 acres) Moulton
52°17′10″N0°50′53″W / 52.286°N .848°W / 52.286; -.848 (Crowfields Common)
SP 787 659
West Northamptonshire Map Details The site is grassland which has surviving medieval ridge and furrow. There are also mature trees and hedgerows, and a flower meadow. [11]
Daventry Country Park DaventryCountryPark.jpg 66.0 hectares (163 acres) Daventry
52°16′08″N1°07′37″W / 52.269°N 1.127°W / 52.269; -1.127 (Daventry Country Park)
SP 597 638
West Northamptonshire Map Details The park centres on Daventry Reservoir, which feeds the Grand Union Canal, and there are also meadows and crack willow woodland. Birds include yellowhammers, lesser whitethroats, dunnocks and song thrushes. [12]
Farthinghoe Farthinghoe Nature Reserve - geograph.org.uk - 331620.jpg 3.7 hectares (9.1 acres) Farthinghoe
52°03′32″N1°14′56″W / 52.059°N 1.249°W / 52.059; -1.249 (Farthinghoe)
SP 516 403
West Northamptonshire WTBCN [13] Map Details This former landfill site has grassland, ponds and woodland. Flowers include lady's bedstraw and snake's-head fritillary. There are fauna such as marbled white and green-veined white butterflies, and pipistrelle and noctule bats. [13] [14]
Glamis Meadow and Wood Glamis Meadow and Wood 10.jpg 9.5 hectares (23 acres) Wellingborough
52°18′29″N0°42′29″W / 52.308°N 0.708°W / 52.308; -0.708 (Glamis Meadow and Wood)
SP 882 686
North Northamptonshire Map Details A stream runs through this site, which has woodland and grassland. Facilities include a cycle path, seating and information boards. [15]
Great Oakley Meadow Great Oakley Meadow 1.jpg 1.9 hectares (4.7 acres) Great Oakley
52°27′43″N0°43′52″W / 52.462°N 0.731°W / 52.462; -0.731 (Great Oakley Meadow)
SP 863 856
North Northamptonshire WTBCN [16] Map Details The prominent medieval ridge and furrow at the southern end of the site displays the ancient field system of Great Oakley. The dry ridges have diverse flora including cowslip, knapweed and quaking-grass. The furrows are poorer in species, while the northern end, which borders Harpers Brook, has plants characteristic of wet ground, such as cuckooflower and hairy sedge. [16]
Greens Norton Pocket Park Greens Norton Pocket Park 6.jpg 2.0 hectares (4.9 acres) Greens Norton
52°08′13″N1°01′52″W / 52.137°N 1.031°W / 52.137; -1.031 (Greens Norton Pocket Park)
SP 664 492
West Northamptonshire Map Details This former brick pit has a pond, wetland, grassland and woods. There are picnic tables and benches. [17] Fauna include barn owls, grass snakes, great crested newts and green woodpeckers. [18]
Hills and Holes [lower-alpha 4] Hills and Holes 1.jpg 8.3 hectares (21 acres) Northampton
52°15′40″N0°52′30″W / 52.261°N 0.875°W / 52.261; -0.875 (Hills and Holes)
SP 769 631
West Northamptonshire WTBCN [20] Map Details This is a disused quarry which was operated during an unknown period between the Middle Ages and the late eighteenth century. It has grassed ridges and hollows, some of them steeply sloping. There are a variety of habitats including limestone grassland. [21]
Kinewell Lake Kinewell Lake 3.jpg 35.4 hectares (87 acres) Ringstead
52°21′58″N0°34′01″W / 52.366°N 0.567°W / 52.366; -0.567 (Kinewell Lake)
SP 977 752
North Northamptonshire Ramsar, [22] SPA, [23] SSSI [24] Map Details The lake is a former gravel pit next to the River Nene. [25] Birds include shovellers, great crested grebes and kingfishers. There are also otters, bats and long-horned beetles. [26]
King's Wood King's Wood, Corby 4.jpg 31.7 hectares (78 acres) Corby
52°28′30″N0°43′41″W / 52.475°N 0.728°W / 52.475; -0.728 (King's Wood)
SP 865 871
North Northamptonshire WTBCN [27] Map Details More than 250 plant species have been recorded at this remnant of the Royal Forest of Rockingham, including ones characteristic of ancient woods such as yellow archangel and wood anemone. There are diverse invertebrates such as green-veined white butterflies and common blue damselflies. [27] [28]
Kingsthorpe Kingsthorpe meadow - geograph.org.uk - 762717.jpg 14.4 hectares (36 acres) Northampton
52°15′25″N0°54′36″W / 52.257°N 0.910°W / 52.257; -0.910 (Kingsthorpe)
SP 745 626
West Northamptonshire WTBCN [29] Map Details This site on a tributary of the River Nene is often flooded in the winter. There are hedges and ponds, together with areas of scrub. Birds include green woodpeckers, kestrels and snipe. [29]
Lings Wood Lingswood.jpg 20.1 hectares (50 acres) Northampton
52°16′01″N0°49′30″W / 52.267°N 0.825°W / 52.267; -0.825 (Lings Wood)
SP 803 639
West Northamptonshire WTBCN [30] Map Details Frogs, newts, damselflies and dragonflies breed in this nature reserve, which has woodland, ponds, scrub and grassland. There are plantations of sweet chestnut and douglas fir, but in some areas native woodland is regenerating naturally. [30]
Scrub Field [lower-alpha 4] Scrub Field 8.jpg 5.1 hectares (13 acres) Northampton
52°16′05″N0°52′55″W / 52.268°N 0.882°W / 52.268; -0.882 (Scrub Field)
SP 764 639
West Northamptonshire WTBCN [20] Map Details This meadow has a diverse selection of wild flowers, including field scabious and knapweed in higher areas, and bird's-foot trefoil and yellow rattle lower down. [31]
Storton's Pit Storton's Pits 5.jpg 21.9 hectares (54 acres) Northampton
52°13′59″N0°55′48″W / 52.233°N 0.930°W / 52.233; -0.930 (Storton's Pit)
SP 732 600
West Northamptonshire WTBCN [32] Map Details This site on the bank of the River Nene has old gravel pits, meadow and fen ditch. Around 350 invertebrate species have been recorded, including some which are rare. Water birds include snipe, teal, tufted duck and the uncommon water rail. [32] [33]
Summer Leys Northern lagoon, Summer Leys Reserve - geograph.org.uk - 1183650.jpg 47.7 hectares (118 acres) Wollaston
52°15′43″N0°42′18″W / 52.262°N 0.705°W / 52.262; -0.705 (Summer Leys)
SP 885 634
North Northamptonshire Ramsar, [22] SPA [23] SSSI, [24] WTBCN [34] Map Details This wetland site has flooded gravel pits with bird hides, grassland, hedges and water meadows. Breeding birds include golden plovers, ringed plovers and common terns. There are butterflies such as common blues and the uncommon brown argus. [34]
Tailby Meadow Tailby Meadow 3.jpg 4.9 hectares (12 acres) Desborough
52°26′10″N0°48′11″W / 52.436°N 0.803°W / 52.436; -0.803 (Tailby Meadow)
SP 815 827
North Northamptonshire WTBCN [35] Map Details Artificial fertilisers have never been used on this hay meadow, and it has not been ploughed for several hundred years. There are fifteen species of grass and diverse wild flowers, including black knapweed, lady's bedstraw and lady's smock, which is a food source for the orange tip butterfly. [36]
Tiffield Pocket Park Tiffield Pocket Park - geograph.org.uk - 295529.jpg 2.6 hectares (6.4 acres) Tiffield
52°09′50″N0°58′52″W / 52.164°N 0.981°W / 52.164; -0.981 (Tiffield Pocket Park)
SP 698 522
West Northamptonshire Map Details This one-kilometre (0.6-mile) long site is a footpath along a former railway line. The path is lined with trees and shrubs of blackthorn, hawthorn, crab-apple and ash, and a balancing pond next to the path has been restored, increasing biodiversity. [37]
Titchmarsh Titchmarsh Nature Reserve - geograph.org.uk - 1026345.jpg 72.7 hectares (180 acres) Thrapston
52°24′40″N0°31′30″W / 52.411°N 0.525°W / 52.411; -0.525 (Titchmarsh)
TL 004 803
North Northamptonshire WTBCN [38] Map Details The River Nene runs through this site, which also has large areas of open water and grassland. There are nationally important numbers of goosanders, wigeons and gadwalls in winter, and banded demoiselle damselflies nest on nettles along the river bank. [38] [39]

See also

Notes

  1. The area is taken from the Natural England map of each site. (Click on the identify icon (i) in the "Feature Tools" and then click on the site.)
  2. The maps are on the Natural England database of local nature reserves.
  3. Details are on the pages on each site in the Natural England database of local nature reserves
  4. 1 2 Hills and Holes and Scrub Field are both part of Bradlaugh Fields nature reserve, which is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. [19]

Related Research Articles

Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire Charity in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire

The Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire (WTBCN) is a registered charity which manages 126 nature reserves covering 3,945 hectares. It has over 35,000 members, and 95% of people in Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire live within five miles of a reserve. In the year to 31 March 2016 it employed 105 people and had an income of £5.1 million. It aims to conserve wildlife, inspire people to take action for wildlife, offer advice and share knowledge. The WTBCN is one of 36 wildlife trusts covering England, and 46 covering the whole of the United Kingdom.

Woodston Ponds

Woodston Ponds is an 8.9 hectare Local Nature Reserve between the River Nene and the Nene Valley Railway in Peterborough in Cambridgeshire. It is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Summer Leys

Summer Leys is a local nature reserve at Wollaston in the Upper Nene Valley, in Northamptonshire, England. It is owned by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Mill Crook

Mill Crook is a 5.9 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest east of Towcester in Northamptonshire. Mill Crook and Grafton Regis Meadow are a 7.9 hectare nature reserve managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits

Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits is a 1,382.4 hectare biological Site of Special Scientific Interest in a chain of flooded gravel pits along 35 kilometres of the valley of the River Nene between Northampton and Thorpe Waterville in Northamptonshire. It is a Ramsar wetland site of international importance, a Special Protection Area under the European Communities Birds Directive and part of the Nene Valley Nature Improvement Area. It is also part of the River Nene Regional Park. Two areas are managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire, Summer Leys and Titchmarsh Nature Reserve.

Farthinghoe Nature Reserve

Farthinghoe Nature Reserve is a 3.7 hectare Local Nature Reserve north-west of Brackley in Northamptonshire. It is owned by Northamptonshire County Council and managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Kingsthorpe Meadow

Kingsthorpe Meadow is a 14.4 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Northampton. It is owned by Northampton Borough Council and managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Titchmarsh Nature Reserve

Titchmarsh Nature Reserve is a 72.7 hectare Local Nature Reserve north of Thrapston in North Northamptonshire. It is owned and managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. It is part of the Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits Site of Special Scientific Interest.

Ditchford Lakes and Meadows

Ditchford Lakes and Meadows is a 31.1 hectare nature reserve Northamptonshire. It is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. It is part of the Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits Site of Special Scientific Interest, Ramsar wetland site of international importance, and Special Protection Area under the European Communities Birds Directive.

Great Oakley Meadow

Great Oakley Meadow is a 1.9 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Great Oakley, on the southern outskirts of Corby in Northamptonshire. It is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Stortons Pits

Storton's Pits is a 21.9 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Northampton. It is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Higham Ferrers Pits

Higham Ferrers Pits is a 10 hectare nature reserve Northamptonshire. It is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. It is part of the Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits Site of Special Scientific Interest, Ramsar internationally important wetland site and Special Protection Area under the EC Birds Directive.

Wilsons Pits

Wilson's Pits is a 32 hectare nature reserve west of Higham Ferrers in Northamptonshire. It is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. It is part of the Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits Site of Special Scientific Interest, Ramsar internationally important wetland site and Special Protection Area under the EC Birds Directive.

Barnes Meadow

Barnes Meadow is a 29.4 hectare Local Nature Reserve in Northampton. An area of 20 hectares is managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire.

Bradlaugh Fields

Bradlaugh Fields is a 60 hectare open space in Northampton. The site is a former golf course. In 1987 it was proposed to build housing on the site, but after a campaign by local residents it was acquired by Northampton Borough Council and opened as a wildlife park in 1998. It was named after Charles Bradlaugh, a leading nineteenth century radical and atheist who was MP for Northampton. Three fields with a total area of 17.5 hectares are managed by the Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire as a nature reserve also called Bradlaugh Fields. Hills and Holes is at the southern end and two adjoining meadows, Scrub Field and Quarry Field, are at the northern end. Hills and Holes is an 8.3 hectare Local Nature Reserve (LNR) and Scrub Field is a 5.1 hectare LNR.

References

  1. 1 2 "Your Guide to the Counties of England". countiesinengland.com. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  2. "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 10 April 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  3. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 15 February 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  4. "Plant and fungi species: Cowslip". Plantlife. Archived from the original on 2 January 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  5. "Northamptonshire". Encyclopædia Britannica. Archived from the original on 22 April 2016. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  6. "Local Nature Reserves: Search Results for Northamptonshire". Natural England. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  7. "Titchmarsh". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  8. "Great Oakley Meadow". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  9. 1 2 "Barnes Meadow". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 19 February 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  10. "Barnes Meadow". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 22 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  11. "Crowfields Common". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  12. "Daventry Country Park: Management and Development Plan 2012–2017". Daventry District Council. January 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-06-14. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  13. 1 2 "Farthinghoe". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  14. "Farthinghoe". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  15. "Glamis Meadow and Wood". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  16. 1 2 "Great Oakley Meadow". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  17. "Greens Norton Pocket Park". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  18. "Greens Norton Pocket Park". Northamptonshire County Council. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  19. Noticeboard on the site
  20. 1 2 "Bradlaugh Fields". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  21. "Hills and Holes (also known as Hills & Hollows)". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  22. 1 2 "Information Sheet on Ramsar Wetlands (RIS): Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits" (PDF). Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 October 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  23. 1 2 "Special Protection Areas under the EC Birds Directive. Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits" (PDF). Joint Nature Conservation Committee. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2016.
  24. 1 2 "Upper Nene Valley Gravel Pits citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  25. "Kinewell Lake". Ringstead Parish Council. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  26. "Kinewell Lake". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
  27. 1 2 "King's Wood". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  28. "King's Wood". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 7 February 2017.
  29. 1 2 "Kingsthorpe Meadow". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  30. 1 2 "Lings". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  31. "Scrub Field". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2017.
  32. 1 2 "Storton's Pits and Duston Mill Meadow". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  33. "Storton's Pit". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
  34. 1 2 "Summer Leys". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 20 November 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  35. "Tailby Meadow". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  36. "Welcome to Tailby Meadow Local Nature Reserve" (PDF). Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 April 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  37. "Tiffield Pocket Park". Northamptonshire County Council. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  38. 1 2 "Titchmarsh". Wildlife Trust for Bedfordshire, Cambridgeshire and Northamptonshire. Archived from the original on 24 February 2017. Retrieved 20 December 2016.
  39. "Titchmarsh". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 March 2013. Archived from the original on 21 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.

Coordinates: 52°17′N0°50′W / 52.283°N 0.833°W / 52.283; -0.833