List of mayors of Paris

Last updated
Mayor of Paris
Maire de Paris
Grandes Armes de Paris.svg
Anne Hidalgo, fevrier 2014.jpg
Incumbent
Anne Hidalgo

since 5 April 2014
Residence Hôtel de Ville
AppointerPopular election
(approved by City Council)
Term length 6 years
Inaugural holder Jean Sylvain Bailly
Formation15 July 1789
20 March 1977
Salary€8,650 (monthly)
Website www.paris.fr

The Mayor of Paris (French : maire de Paris) is the chief executive of Paris, the capital and largest city in France. The Mayor is responsible for the administration and management of the city, submits proposals and recommendations to the Paris City Council, is active in the enforcement of the city’s ordinances, submits the city’s annual budget and appoints city officers, department commissioners or directors, and members of city boards and commissions. During meetings of the City Council, the Mayor serves as the presiding officer.

Contents

History

When French Revolution began after the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789, the city insurgents murdered the last Provost of Paris (Provost of the Merchants), Jacques de Flesselles. Because the Provost's office was abolished as first move with the dissolution of the Ancien Régime , the insurgents established a revolutionary government called "Commune of Paris", initially led by Jean Sylvain Bailly, the first titled "Mayor of Paris". The Mayor's office was very important during the critical phases of the Revolution, and during Robespierre's Reign of Terror (17931794) it was decisive in the discovery and execution of all suspected counter-revolutionaries. On July 1794, after the 9th Thermidor, the coup d'état that deposed and executed Robespierre and his cronies, the office of Mayors was abolished since it was perceived to be too powerful.

After the February Revolution of 1848, the July Monarchy ended in favor of a new Republic, that restored the Mayor's office. This renewal was however short, as the June Days uprising of the same year ended the possibility of creating a strong mayorship. The Executive Commission—charged to provisionally rule the country—preferred to transfer the Mayor's powers to the Seine Prefect, appointed by Ministry of the Interior.

In 1870, once again, the office of Mayor was re-established - and again did not survive long. The occasion for the re-creation was the fall of the Second Empire after the defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. The provisional Government of National Defense of Louis-Jules Trochu believed that a strong leadership in Paris would prevent sedition during the Prussian siege. After the definitive conquest of Paris by Prussians, popular discontent erupted in a new insurrectionary Commune which held socialist beliefs. Also, in case the Commune was finally suppressed, the new national government preferred to divide Paris into several distinct mayorships (one for each arrondissement) to prevent the city’s total loss in the event of further revolts.

Thus, for all but a few months from 1794 to 1977, Paris was the only French commune without a mayor. During these times, it was controlled directly by the departmental prefect (the prefect of the Seine before 1968, and the prefect of Paris after 1968), and had less autonomy than the smallest village.

On 31 December 1975, a law of Parliament signed by President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing approved the re-establishment of the Mayor's office for 1977. On March 1977, after the first formal city elections, Jacques Chirac was chosen as Mayor, a position he held until 1995, when was elected President.

List of officeholders

NotesDied in office

#MayorTerm in office
Elections
Previous officeParty Deputy
1 AduC 026 Bailly (1736-1793).JPG Jean Sylvain Bailly
17761793
(Aged 57)
15 July 178918 November 1791 President of the
National Assembly

(1789)
Patriotic Office not established
1789
2 AduC 043 Petion (Jerome, 1753-1794).JPG Jérôme Pétion de Villeneuve
17561794
(Aged 38)
18 November 17911 December 1792 Representative
to Estates General

for the Third Estate
(1789)
Girondin
1791
3 France politic personality icon.svg Henri Lefèvre d'Ormesson
17451808
(Aged 56)
21 November 17928 December 1792 Judge in the
6th city arrondissement
(17901792)
Girondin
1792 (November)
4 France politic personality icon.svg Nicolas Chambon
17481826
(Aged 78)
8 December 179214 February 1793 Paris Financial Administrator
(17901791)
Girondin
1792 (December)
5 AduC 122 Pache (J.N., 1746-1823).JPG Jean-Nicolas Pache
17461823
(Aged 77)
14 February 179310 May 1794 Minister of War
(17921793)
Jacobin
1793
6 Jean-BaptisteFleuriot-Lescot.jpg Jean-Baptiste Fleuriot-Lescot
17611794
(Aged 33)
10 May 179427 July 1794 Public Prosecutor of the
Revolutionary Tribunal
(17931794)
Jacobin
1794
Office abolished (17941848)
7 Louis-Antoine Garnier-Pages.jpg Louis Antoine Pagès
18031878
(Aged 75)
24 February 18489 March 1848 MP for Eure
(18461848)
Constitutionalist
Republican
Office not established
N/A
8 Marrast, Armand.jpg Armand Marrast
18011852
(Aged 50)
9 March 184819 July 1848 MP for Haute-Garonne
(18481849)
Constitutionalist
Republican
N/A
Office abolished (18481870)
9 Etienne Arago.jpeg Étienne Arago
18021892
(Aged 90)
4 September 187015 November 1870 MP for Pyrénées-Orientales
(18481851)
Radical Republican Office not established
N/A
10 Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry
18321893
(Aged 60)
15 November 187018 March 1871 MP for Seine
(18691870)
Moderate Republican
N/A
Office abolished (18711977)
11 Jacques Chirac1.jpg Jacques Chirac
19322019
(Aged 86)
20 March 197713 March 1983 Prime Minister of France
(19741976)
Rally for the Republic Christian de La Malène
1977
13 March 198319 March 1989 Jean Tiberi
1983
19 March 198922 March 1995
1989
12 Jean Tiberi p1140494.jpg Jean Tiberi
Born 1935
(84 years old)
22 March 199525 March 2001 MP for Paris
(19762012)
Rally for the Republic Jacques Dominati
1995
13 Bertrand Delanoe Gay Pride Paris 2008.jpg Bertrand Delanoë
Born 1950
(69 years old)
25 March 200116 March 2008 Senator from Paris
(19952001)
Socialist Party Anne Hidalgo
2001
16 March 20085 April 2014
2008
14 Anne Hidalgo, fevrier 2014.jpg Anne Hidalgo
Born 1959
(60 years old)
5 April 2014 Incumbent Deputy Mayor of Paris
(20012014)
Socialist Party Bruno Julliard
2014

See also

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References