This article needs to be updated.January 2019)(
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
A municipality (Georgian :მუნიციპალიტეტი, romanized:munitsip'alit'et'i) is a subdivision of Georgia, consisting of a settlement or a group of settlements, which enjoy local self-government. There are two types of municipalities—self-governing cities (ქალაქი, kalaki), 5 in total, and self-governing communities (თემი, temi), 67 in total, as of January 2019.
The municipalities were first established in 2006. Most of them were successors to the earlier subdivisions, known as raioni (რაიონი), "districts". In addition, new municipalities were formed to govern those settlements in the disputed entities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia that then remained under Georgia's control. After the Russo-Georgian War of 2008, Georgia treats these municipalities as parts of its occupied territories. The former districts not under Georgia's effective sovereignty at the moment of the local government reform of 2006 were not transformed into municipalities. Rather, the laws of Georgia include a notion that the final mode of subdivision and system of local self-government should be established after the restoration of the state jurisdiction over the occupied territories.Each municipality is divided into administrative units (ადმინისტრაციული ერთეული), which can comprise one or several settlements.
The municipalities outside the two autonomous republics of Adjara and of Abkhazia and the capital city of Tbilisi are grouped, on a provisional basis, into nine regions ( mkhare ): Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli.
|Municipality as of 2019||Corresponding district as of 2006||Population |
|Tbilisi, City of||1,113,000|
|Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia *||n.a.****|
|1. Azhara (Upper Abkhazia), Community of*||n.a.****|
|Autonomous Republic of Adjara||337,000|
|1. Batumi, City of||154,600|
|2. Keda, Community of||Keda District||16,900|
|3. Kobuleti, Community of||Kobuleti District||75,200|
|4. Khelvachauri, Community of||Khelvachauri District||51,700|
|5. Khulo, Community of||Khulo District||23,500|
|6. Shuakhevi, Community of||Shuakhevi District||15,100|
|Region of Guria||113,000|
|1. Chokhatauri, Municipality of||Chokhatauri District||18,900|
|2. Lanchkhuti, Community of||Lanchkhuti District||31,500|
|3. Ozurgeti, Community of||Ozurgeti District||48,000|
|Region of Imereti||532,900|
|1. Kutaisi, City of||147,900|
|2. Baghdati, Community of||Baghdati District||21,500|
|3. Vani, Community of||Vani District||24,500|
|4. Zestaponi, Community of||Zestaponi District||57,500|
|5. Terjola, Community of||Terjola District||35,400|
|6. Samtredia, Community of||Samtredia District||48,500|
|7. Sachkhere, Community of**||Sachkhere District**||37,800|
|8. Tkibuli, Community of||Tkibuli District||20,600|
|9. Tsqaltubo, Community of||Tskkaltubo District||56,600|
|10. Chiatura, Community of||Chiatura District||39,800|
|11. Kharagauli, Community of||Kharagauli District||19,400|
|12. Khoni, Community of||Khoni District||23,400|
|Region of Kakheti||318,400|
|1. Akhmeta, Community of||Akhmeta District||31,700|
|2. Gurjaani, Community of||Gurjaani District||53,900|
|3. Dedoplis Tskaro, Community of||Dedoplis Tskaro District||21,100|
|4. Telavi, Community of||Telavi District||38,700|
|5. Lagodekhi, Community of||Lagodekhi District||41,800|
|6. Sagarejo, Community of||Sagarejo District||52,200|
|7. Sighnaghi, Community of||29,600|
|8. Qvareli, Community of||Qvareli District||29,800|
|Region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti||94,200|
|1. Akhalgori, Community of**||Akhalgori District**||n.a.***|
|2. Dusheti, Community of||Dusheti District||25,400|
|3. Tianeti, Community of||Tianeti District||9,300|
|4. Mtskheta, Community of||Mtskheta District||47,800|
|5. Kazbegi, Community of||Kazbegi District||3,800|
|Region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti||31,500|
|1. Ambrolauri, Community of||Ambrolauri District||8,900|
|2. Lentekhi, Community of||Lentekhi District||4,400|
|3. Oni, Community of**||Oni District**||6,000|
|4. Tsageri, Community of||Tsageri District||10,200|
|Region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti||329,700|
|1. Poti, City of||41,500|
|2. Abasha, Community of||Abasha District||22,100|
|3. Zugdidi, Community of||Zugdidi District||62,500|
|4. Martvili, Community of||Martvili District||33,300|
|5. Mestia, Community of||Mestia District||9,400|
|6. Senaki, Community of||Senaki District||39,500|
|7. Chkhorotsku, Community of||District||22,200|
|8. Tsalenjikha, Community of||Tsalenjikha District||26,100|
|9. Khobi, Community of||Khobi District||30,400|
|Region of Samtskhe-Javakheti||160,500|
|1. Adigeni, Community of||Adigeni District||16,500|
|2. Aspindza, Community of||Aspindza District||10,400|
|3. Akhalkalaki, Community of||Akhalkalaki District||45,200|
|4. Akhaltsikhe, Community of||Akhaltsikhe District||20,800|
|5. Borjomi, Community of||Borjomi District||25,100|
|6. Ninotsminda, Community of||Ninotsminda District||24,500|
|Region of Kvemo Kartli||426,400|
|1. Rustavi, City of||126,000|
|2. Bolnisi, Community of||Bolnisi District||53,800|
|3. Gardabani, Community of||Gardabani District||82,300|
|4. Dmanisi, Community of||Dmanisi District||19,100|
|5. Tetri Tsqaro, Community of||Tetritsqaro District||21,000|
|6. Marneuli, Community of||Marneuli District||105,300|
|7. Tsalka, Community of||Tsalka District||18,900|
|Region of Shida Kartli||263,800|
|1. Gori, Community of**||Gori District**||77,800***|
|2. Kaspi, Community of||Kaspi District||43,700|
|3. Kareli, Community of**||Kareli District**||41,300***|
|4. Khashuri, Community of||Khashuri District||52,700|
|5. Eredvi, Community of**||n.a.****|
|6. Tighva, Community of**||n.a.****|
|7. Kurta, Community of**||n.a.****|
*– The territories of Abkhazia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.
**– Municipalities which include at least some settlements in South Ossetia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.
***– Official statistics available only for those parts of the municipalities that are controlled by Georgia.
****– Official statistics are not available for the territories not under Georgia's control (Abkhazia and South Ossetia).
Politics in Georgia involve a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The President of Georgia is the ceremonial head of state and the Prime Minister of Georgia is the head of government. The President and the Government wield executive power. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the unicameral Parliament of Georgia.
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region, at the the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the east by Azerbaijan, and to the south by Armenia and Turkey. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its approximate population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.
South Ossetia, officially the Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania, or the Tskhinvali Region, is a de facto state in the South Caucasus recognised by most countries as part of Georgia. It has an officially stated population of just over 53,000 people, who live in an area of 3,900 km2, south of the Russian Caucasus, with 30,000 living in Tskhinvali. The separatist polity, Republic of South Ossetia, is recognized as a state by Russia, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Nauru, and Syria. While Georgia lacks control over South Ossetia, the Georgian government and most members of the United Nations consider the territory part of Georgia, whose constitution designates the area as "the former autonomous district of South Ossetia", in reference to the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast disbanded in 1990.
Shida Kartli is a landlocked administrative region (Mkhare) in eastern Georgia. Comprises a central part of the historical-geographic province of Shida Kartli. With an area of 5,729 square kilometres, Shida Kartli is the 8th largest Georgian region by land area. With 300,382 inhabitants, it is Georgia's seventh-most-populous region. Shida Kartli's capital and largest city, Gori, is the 5th largest city in Georgia.
The subdivisions of Georgia are autonomous republics, regions, and municipalities.
Gagra is a town in Abkhazia sprawling for 5 km on the northeast coast of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. Its subtropical climate made Gagra a popular health resort in Imperial Russian and Soviet times.
Samtskhe–Javakheti, is a region (mkhare) in southern Georgia which includes the historical Georgian provinces of Meskheti, Javakheti and Tori. Akhaltsikhe is its capital.
Racha is a highland area in western Georgia, located in the upper Rioni river valley and hemmed in by the Greater Caucasus mountains. Under Georgia's current subdivision, Racha is included in the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region (mkhare) as the municipalities of Oni and Ambrolauri.
Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti is a region (Mkhare) in northwestern Georgia which includes the historical provinces of Racha, Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti. It covers an area of 4,954 km² and has a population of 31,927, but nominally also a section of northwest occupied territory of South Ossetia, over which Georgia currently has no control. It is the most sparsely populated region in the country. The capital is Ambrolauri.
A mkhare is a type of administrative division in the country of Georgia. It is usually translated as "region".
Ambrolauri is a city in Georgia, located in the western part of the country, on both banks of the Rioni river, at the elevation of 550 m above sea level. It is a self-governing city. At the same time, the city serves as the seat of the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti regional administration and of the Ambrolauri Municipality. According to the 2014 census, the city had a population of 2,047. Its area is 1.6 km2.
Gori is a district of Georgia, in the region of Shida Kartli. After abolishment of former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, the Gori District included the territory of former Tskhinvali District. Some northern territories of the district are part of a self-proclaimed republic of South Ossetia and have not been under control of the Georgian government since 1992.
Akhalgori is a town in South Ossetia, Georgia. The name Akhalgori is the original historical name of the town used by the Georgians and officials, whereas Leningori is the name given to the city in the Soviet era and used by the South Ossetians. The town is situated on the banks of the River Ksani, height above sea level - 800 m.
This list summarises the country subdivisions which have a separate article on their politics. Countries where significant powers delegated to federal units or to devolved governments and where the political system is multi-party democracy are more likely to have articles on the politics of their subdivisions.
The Provisional Administration of South Ossetia is an administrative body that Georgia regards as the legal government of South Ossetia. The administration was set up by the Georgian government as a transitional measure leading to the settlement of South Ossetia's status. As of 2007, Georgia is proposing the status of autonomous republic within the Georgian state. The area mainly lies within the Shida Kartli region.
The Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Accommodation and Refugees of Georgia, also known as Ministry of Refugees and Accommodation of Georgia was the Georgian government ministry within the Cabinet of Georgia, in charge of regulation of state policies on refugees and asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, repatriates, victims of natural disasters, their accommodation and migration control in the country. It functioned from 1996 until 2018, when the agency's various tasks were assigned to the ministries of Regional Development and Infrastructure, Interior Ministry, and Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs.
Occupied territories of Georgia are the territories occupied by Russia after the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. They consist of the regions of Abkhazia and the former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast of Soviet Georgia, whose status is a matter of international dispute.
Local government in Georgia is administered at the level of the subdivisions of Georgia, which are known as the units of self-government or municipalities. The Georgian Law on Self Government defines a municipality as a settlement or a unity of settlement with defined boundaries, administrative center, as well as representative and executive bodies of government, and possesses their own assets, budget, and income.
Kvemo Azhara is a village in the upper part of the Kodori Valley, situated in Gulripshi District, Abkhazia, a breakaway republic from Georgia.
Kharistvala is an urban-type settlement in the Ambrolauri Municipality of Georgia. According to the official subdivision of Georgia it is in the Ambrolauri district of the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region of Georgia.