List of municipalities in Georgia (country)

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A municipality (Georgian :მუნიციპალიტეტი, romanized:munitsip'alit'et'i) is a subdivision of Georgia, consisting of a settlement or a group of settlements, which enjoy local self-government. There are two types of municipalities—self-governing cities (ქალაქი, kalaki), 5 in total, and self-governing communities (თემი, temi), 67 in total, as of January 2019. [1]

Contents

Background

The municipalities were first established in 2006. Most of them were successors to the earlier subdivisions, known as raioni (რაიონი), "districts". In addition, new municipalities were formed to govern those settlements in the disputed entities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia that then remained under Georgia's control. After the Russo-Georgian War of 2008, Georgia treats these municipalities as parts of its occupied territories. The former districts not under Georgia's effective sovereignty at the moment of the local government reform of 2006 were not transformed into municipalities. Rather, the laws of Georgia include a notion that the final mode of subdivision and system of local self-government should be established after the restoration of the state jurisdiction over the occupied territories. [2] [3] Each municipality is divided into administrative units (ადმინისტრაციული ერთეული), which can comprise one or several settlements. [4]

The municipalities outside the two autonomous republics of Adjara and of Abkhazia and the capital city of Tbilisi are grouped, on a provisional basis, into nine regions ( mkhare ): Guria, Imereti, Kakheti, Kvemo Kartli, Mtskheta-Mtianeti, Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti, Samtskhe-Javakheti, and Shida Kartli. [2]

List of municipalities as of 2019

Regions, municipalities, and districts of Georgia
Municipality as of 2019Corresponding district as of 2006Population
(01.01.2016 estimate) [5]
Georgia3,720,400
Tbilisi, City of1,113,000
Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia *n.a.****
1. Azhara (Upper Abkhazia), Community of*n.a.****
Gagra*n.a.****
Gali*n.a.****
Gudauta*n.a.****
Gulripshi*n.a.****
Ochamchire*n.a.****
Sokhumi*n.a.****
Autonomous Republic of Adjara 337,000
1. Batumi, City of154,600
2. Keda, Community ofKeda District16,900
3. Kobuleti, Community ofKobuleti District75,200
4. Khelvachauri, Community ofKhelvachauri District51,700
5. Khulo, Community ofKhulo District23,500
6. Shuakhevi, Community ofShuakhevi District15,100
Region of Guria 113,000
1. Chokhatauri, Municipality ofChokhatauri District18,900
2. Lanchkhuti, Community ofLanchkhuti District31,500
3. Ozurgeti, Community ofOzurgeti District48,000
Region of Imereti 532,900
1. Kutaisi, City of147,900
2. Baghdati, Community ofBaghdati District21,500
3. Vani, Community ofVani District24,500
4. Zestaponi, Community ofZestaponi District57,500
5. Terjola, Community ofTerjola District35,400
6. Samtredia, Community ofSamtredia District48,500
7. Sachkhere, Community of**Sachkhere District**37,800
8. Tkibuli, Community ofTkibuli District20,600
9. Tsqaltubo, Community ofTskkaltubo District56,600
10. Chiatura, Community ofChiatura District39,800
11. Kharagauli, Community ofKharagauli District19,400
12. Khoni, Community ofKhoni District23,400
Region of Kakheti 318,400
1. Akhmeta, Community ofAkhmeta District31,700
2. Gurjaani, Community ofGurjaani District53,900
3. Dedoplis Tskaro, Community ofDedoplis Tskaro District21,100
4. Telavi, Community ofTelavi District38,700
5. Lagodekhi, Community ofLagodekhi District41,800
6. Sagarejo, Community ofSagarejo District52,200
7. Sighnaghi, Community of29,600
8. Qvareli, Community ofQvareli District29,800
Region of Mtskheta-Mtianeti 94,200
1. Akhalgori, Community of**Akhalgori District**n.a.***
2. Dusheti, Community ofDusheti District25,400
3. Tianeti, Community ofTianeti District9,300
4. Mtskheta, Community ofMtskheta District47,800
5. Kazbegi, Community ofKazbegi District3,800
Region of Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti 31,500
1. Ambrolauri, Community ofAmbrolauri District8,900
2. Lentekhi, Community ofLentekhi District4,400
3. Oni, Community of**Oni District**6,000
4. Tsageri, Community ofTsageri District10,200
Region of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti 329,700
1. Poti, City of41,500
2. Abasha, Community ofAbasha District22,100
3. Zugdidi, Community ofZugdidi District62,500
4. Martvili, Community ofMartvili District33,300
5. Mestia, Community ofMestia District9,400
6. Senaki, Community ofSenaki District39,500
7. Chkhorotsku, Community ofDistrict22,200
8. Tsalenjikha, Community ofTsalenjikha District26,100
9. Khobi, Community ofKhobi District30,400
Region of Samtskhe-Javakheti 160,500
1. Adigeni, Community ofAdigeni District16,500
2. Aspindza, Community ofAspindza District10,400
3. Akhalkalaki, Community ofAkhalkalaki District45,200
4. Akhaltsikhe, Community ofAkhaltsikhe District20,800
5. Borjomi, Community ofBorjomi District25,100
6. Ninotsminda, Community ofNinotsminda District24,500
Region of Kvemo Kartli 426,400
1. Rustavi, City of126,000
2. Bolnisi, Community ofBolnisi District53,800
3. Gardabani, Community ofGardabani District82,300
4. Dmanisi, Community ofDmanisi District19,100
5. Tetri Tsqaro, Community ofTetritsqaro District21,000
6. Marneuli, Community ofMarneuli District105,300
7. Tsalka, Community ofTsalka District18,900
Region of Shida Kartli 263,800
1. Gori, Community of**Gori District**77,800***
2. Kaspi, Community ofKaspi District43,700
3. Kareli, Community of**Kareli District**41,300***
4. Khashuri, Community ofKhashuri District52,700
5. Eredvi, Community of**n.a.****
6. Tighva, Community of**n.a.****
7. Kurta, Community of**n.a.****
Java District**n.a.****
Georgian administrative divisions with Russian-occupied territories (Abkhazia and South Ossetia) shown in pink. Map of Georgia with Abkhazia and South Ossetia highlighted.svg
Georgian administrative divisions with Russian-occupied territories (Abkhazia and South Ossetia) shown in pink.

*– The territories of Abkhazia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.

**– Municipalities which include at least some settlements in South Ossetia outside Georgia's control and defined by Georgia as "occupied territories" as of 2015.

***– Official statistics available only for those parts of the municipalities that are controlled by Georgia.

****– Official statistics are not available for the territories not under Georgia's control (Abkhazia and South Ossetia).

See also

Related Research Articles

Politics of Georgia (country) Political system of Gergia (country)

Politics in Georgia involve a parliamentary representative democratic republic with a multi-party system. The President of Georgia is the ceremonial head of state and the Prime Minister of Georgia is the head of government. The President and the Government wield executive power. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the unicameral Parliament of Georgia.

Georgia (country) Country in the Caucasus

Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region, at the the intersection of Eastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the east by Azerbaijan, and to the south by Armenia and Turkey. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its approximate population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary parliamentary republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.

South Ossetia Disputed territory in the South Caucasus

South Ossetia, officially the Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania, or the Tskhinvali Region, is a de facto state in the South Caucasus recognised by most countries as part of Georgia. It has an officially stated population of just over 53,000 people, who live in an area of 3,900 km2, south of the Russian Caucasus, with 30,000 living in Tskhinvali. The separatist polity, Republic of South Ossetia, is recognized as a state by Russia, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Nauru, and Syria. While Georgia lacks control over South Ossetia, the Georgian government and most members of the United Nations consider the territory part of Georgia, whose constitution designates the area as "the former autonomous district of South Ossetia", in reference to the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast disbanded in 1990.

Shida Kartli Region (mkhare) of Georgia

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Administrative divisions of Georgia (country)

The subdivisions of Georgia are autonomous republics, regions, and municipalities.

Gagra Town in Gagra

Gagra is a town in Abkhazia sprawling for 5 km on the northeast coast of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. Its subtropical climate made Gagra a popular health resort in Imperial Russian and Soviet times.

Samtskhe–Javakheti Region (mkhare) of Georgia

Samtskhe–Javakheti, is a region (mkhare) in southern Georgia which includes the historical Georgian provinces of Meskheti, Javakheti and Tori. Akhaltsikhe is its capital.

Racha Historical Region in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Georgia

Racha is a highland area in western Georgia, located in the upper Rioni river valley and hemmed in by the Greater Caucasus mountains. Under Georgia's current subdivision, Racha is included in the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region (mkhare) as the municipalities of Oni and Ambrolauri.

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti Region (mkhare) of Georgia

Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti is a region (Mkhare) in northwestern Georgia which includes the historical provinces of Racha, Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti. It covers an area of 4,954 km² and has a population of 31,927, but nominally also a section of northwest occupied territory of South Ossetia, over which Georgia currently has no control. It is the most sparsely populated region in the country. The capital is Ambrolauri.

<i>Mkhare</i>

A mkhare is a type of administrative division in the country of Georgia. It is usually translated as "region".

Ambrolauri Place in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Georgia

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Gori Municipality

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Akhalgori Town in Mtskheta-Mtianeti

Akhalgori is a town in South Ossetia, Georgia. The name Akhalgori is the original historical name of the town used by the Georgians and officials, whereas Leningori is the name given to the city in the Soviet era and used by the South Ossetians. The town is situated on the banks of the River Ksani, height above sea level - 800 m.

This list summarises the country subdivisions which have a separate article on their politics. Countries where significant powers delegated to federal units or to devolved governments and where the political system is multi-party democracy are more likely to have articles on the politics of their subdivisions.

Provisional Administration of South Ossetia

The Provisional Administration of South Ossetia is an administrative body that Georgia regards as the legal government of South Ossetia. The administration was set up by the Georgian government as a transitional measure leading to the settlement of South Ossetia's status. As of 2007, Georgia is proposing the status of autonomous republic within the Georgian state. The area mainly lies within the Shida Kartli region.

Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Accommodation and Refugees of Georgia

The Ministry of Internally Displaced Persons from the Occupied Territories, Accommodation and Refugees of Georgia, also known as Ministry of Refugees and Accommodation of Georgia was the Georgian government ministry within the Cabinet of Georgia, in charge of regulation of state policies on refugees and asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, repatriates, victims of natural disasters, their accommodation and migration control in the country. It functioned from 1996 until 2018, when the agency's various tasks were assigned to the ministries of Regional Development and Infrastructure, Interior Ministry, and Ministry of Labor, Health and Social Affairs.

Occupied territories of Georgia

Occupied territories of Georgia are the territories occupied by Russia after the Russo-Georgian War in 2008. They consist of the regions of Abkhazia and the former South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast of Soviet Georgia, whose status is a matter of international dispute.

Local government in Georgia (country)

Local government in Georgia is administered at the level of the subdivisions of Georgia, which are known as the units of self-government or municipalities. The Georgian Law on Self Government defines a municipality as a settlement or a unity of settlement with defined boundaries, administrative center, as well as representative and executive bodies of government, and possesses their own assets, budget, and income.

Kvemo Azhara Village in Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia, Georgia

Kvemo Azhara is a village in the upper part of the Kodori Valley, situated in Gulripshi District, Abkhazia, a breakaway republic from Georgia.

Kharistvala Townlet in Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti, Georgia

Kharistvala is an urban-type settlement in the Ambrolauri Municipality of Georgia. According to the official subdivision of Georgia it is in the Ambrolauri district of the Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti region of Georgia.

References

  1. "Registry of Municipalities". National Agency of Public Registry. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  2. 1 2 "ტერიტორიული მოწყობა და მმართველობა [Territorial Structure and Government]". Administration of the President of Georgia. Archived from the original on 10 July 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  3. "ადგილობრივი თვითმმართველობის კოდექსი [Code of Local Self-Government]". Organic law No. 1958-IIს of 5 February 2014 (in Georgian). Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  4. "Transparency remains a challenge for self-governing cities". Transarency International Georgia. 28 October 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
  5. "GeoStat.Ge". www.geostat.ge. Retrieved 2017-02-24.