Manitoba is the fifth most populous province in Canada with 1,278,365 residents as of 2016 and is the sixth largest in land area at 552,371 km2 (213,272 sq mi). Manitoba's 137 municipalities cover only 20% of the province's land mass yet are home to 94% of its population. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents.
A municipality in Manitoba is "a municipality that is continued or formed under" the Municipal Act, which was enacted in 1996.Municipalities that can be formed under this legislation include urban municipalities (cities, towns and villages) and rural municipalities. The Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, allows the formation of local government districts as another municipality type. Of Manitoba's 137 municipalities, 37 of them are urban municipalities (10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages), 98 are rural municipalities and 2 are local government districts. The Municipal Act and the Local Government Districts Act stipulate governance of these municipalities. Additional charters or acts are in place specifically for the cities of Brandon, Flin Flon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson and Winnipeg, the towns of Morris and Winnipeg Beach, and the rural municipalities of Kelsey, St. Andrews and Victoria Beach. The Municipal Act, the Local Government Districts Act, and all these additional acts and charters were enacted at the provincial level by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, representing Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. The Government of Manitoba's Department of Local Government is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities.
Over half of Manitoba's population resides in the City of Winnipeg, the provincial capital, with a population with 705,244. 3,572.13 km2 (1,379.21 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Village of Lac du Bonnet at 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi).The City of Brandon is the province's second most populous municipality with 48,859 residents. Manitoba's smallest municipality by population is the Local Government District of Mystery Lake with 0 residents. The largest municipality by land area is the Rural Municipality (RM) of Reynolds at
Manitoba's first municipality was the RM of Springfield (originally Springfield-Sunnyside).It was incorporated on September 27, 1873. Winnipeg was incorporated as a city a few weeks later on November 8, 1873.
Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1996, defines urban municipality as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of at least 400 residents per square kilometre."An urban municipality, upon formation, may be named a "city", "town", "village" or "urban municipality", although there is a minimum 7,500 population requirement that limits the naming of cities.
Combined, Manitoba has 37 urban municipalities comprising 10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages. 6,402.26 km2 (2,471.93 sq mi). These totals represent 70.5% of Manitoba's population but only 1.2% of its land area.The 37 urban municipalities have a total population of 900,769, a total land area of
Of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities, 6 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000 and 20 have less than the current minimum density requirement of 400 residents per square kilometre. All of these were incorporated as urban municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996.
In Manitoba, a city is a type of urban municipality. The Municipal Act stipulates that an urban municipality can only be named a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500 residents.
Manitoba has 10 cities that had a cumulative population of 841,890 in the 2016 census. These 10 cities include Flin Flon, of which a small portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan. The province's largest and smallest cities by population are Winnipeg and the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon with populations of 705,244 and 4,991 respectively. |suf1= The province's largest and smallest cities by land area are Winnipeg and Dauphin with land areas of 464.33 km2 (179.28 sq mi) and 12.61 km2 (4.87 sq mi) respectively. Manitoba's newest city is Morden, which changed from a town to a city on August 24, 2012.
In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a town upon formation. Other than the requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as towns. A town can alternately be named a village or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.
Manitoba has 25 towns that had a cumulative population of 56,946 in the 2016 census. The province's largest and smallest towns by population are The Pas and Grand Rapids with populations of 5,369 and 268 respectively. The province's largest and smallest towns by land area are Gillam and Lac du Bonnet with land areas of 1,996.34 km2 (770.79 sq mi) and 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi) respectively.
In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a village upon formation. Other than the minimum requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as villages. A village can alternately be named a town or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500.
Manitoba has 2 villages that had a cumulative population of 1,933 in the 2016 census. These are St-Pierre-Jolys and Dunnottar with populations of 1,170 and 763 respectively.
|2016 Census of Population|
|Altona||Town||December 31, 1945||4,212||4,088||+3.0%||9.38||449.0/km2|
|Arborg||Town||January 1, 1964||1,232||1,152||+6.9%||2.21||557.5/km2|
|Beausejour||Town||November 5, 1908||3,219||3,126||+3.0%||5.42||593.9/km2|
|Brandon||City||May 30, 1882||48,859||46,061||+6.1%||77.41||631.2/km2|
|Carberry||Town||December 20, 1889||1,738||1,669||+4.1%||4.96||350.4/km2|
|Carman||Town||November 3, 1899||3,164||3,027||+4.5%||4.34||729.0/km2|
|Churchill||Town||January 1, 1959||899||813||+10.6%||53.96||16.7/km2|
|Dauphin||City||July 11, 1898||8,457||8,251||+2.5%||12.61||670.7/km2|
|Dunnottar||Village||December 31, 1947||763||696||+9.6%||2.78||274.5/km2|
|Flin Flon (part)||City||August 15, 1933||4,991||5,405||−7.7%||13.87||359.8/km2|
|Gillam||Town||May 1, 1966||1,265||1,332||−5.0%||1,996.34||0.6/km2|
|Grand Rapids||Town||March 1, 1962||268||279||−3.9%||87.04||3.1/km2|
|Lac du Bonnet||Town||December 31, 1947||1,089||1,069||+1.9%||2.15||506.5/km2|
|Leaf Rapids||Town||December 1, 1971||582||498||+16.9%||1,272.83||0.5/km2|
|Lynn Lake||Town||May 9, 1959||494||674||−26.7%||910.23||0.5/km2|
|Melita||Town||May 15, 1902||1,042||1,069||−2.5%||3.04||342.8/km2|
|Minnedosa||Town||March 2, 1883||2,449||2,587||−5.3%||15.39||159.1/km2|
|Morden||City||May 1, 1895||8,668||7,812||+11.0%||16.37||529.5/km2|
|Morris||Town||January 29, 1883||1,885||1,797||+4.9%||6.10||309.0/km2|
|Neepawa||Town||November 23, 1883||4,609||3,629||+27.0%||17.35||265.6/km2|
|Niverville||Town||January 1, 1969||4,610||3,540||+30.2%||8.69||530.5/km2|
|The Pas||Town||May 17, 1912||5,369||5,513||−2.6%||49.52||108.4/km2|
|Portage la Prairie||City||November 12, 1880||13,304||12,996||+2.4%||24.68||539.1/km2|
|Powerview-Pine Falls||Town||January 1, 1951||1,316||1,314||+0.2%||5.02||262.2/km2|
|Selkirk||City||June 15, 1882||10,278||9,834||+4.5%||24.86||413.4/km2|
|Snow Lake||Town||June 2, 1947||899||723||+24.3%||1,211.89||0.7/km2|
|Ste. Anne||Town||January 1, 1963||2,114||1,626||+30.0%||4.23||499.8/km2|
|Steinbach||City||December 31, 1946||15,829||13,524||+17.0%||25.59||618.6/km2|
|Stonewall||Town||August 14, 1906||4,809||4,536||+6.0%||5.99||802.8/km2|
|St-Pierre-Jolys||Village||December 31, 1947||1,170||1,099||+6.5%||2.66||439.8/km2|
|Swan River||Town||May 11, 1908||4,014||3,907||+2.7%||7.16||560.6/km2|
|Teulon||Town||May 6, 1919||1,201||1,124||+6.9%||3.23||371.8/km2|
|Thompson||City||January 1, 1967||13,678||13,123||+4.2%||20.79||657.9/km2|
|Virden||Town||August 2, 1890||3,322||3,114||+6.7%||8.97||370.3/km2|
|Winkler||City||April 7, 1906||12,660||10,670||+18.7%||17.00||744.7/km2|
|Winnipeg||City||November 8, 1873||705,244||663,617||+6.3%||464.33||1,518.8/km2|
|Winnipeg Beach||Town||November 2, 1909||1,145||1,011||+13.3%||3.87||295.9/km2|
|Total urban municipalities||—||—||900,769||846,305||+6.4%||6,402.26||140.7/km2|
|Province of Manitoba||—||—||1,278,365||1,208,268||+5.8%||552,370.99||2.3/km2|
Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1987, defines rural municipality (RM) as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of less than 400 residents per square kilometre." rural municipalities that had a cumulative population of 301,889 in the 2016 census. These totals represent 23.6% of Manitoba's population and 18.4% of its land area. The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities by population are the Hanover and the Victoria Beach with populations of 15,733 and 398 respectively. The province's largest and smallest rural municipalities by area the RM of Reynolds and the Victoria Beach with land areas of 3,572.13 km2 (1,379.21 sq mi) and 20.26 km2 (7.82 sq mi) respectively.Manitoba has 98
Of Manitoba's 98 rural municipalities, 8 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000. All of these were either incorporated as rural municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996or formed by the amalgamation of two or more municipalities incorporated prior to 1996. Many municipalities previously under the minimum population were required to amalgamate by the Government of Manitoba's Municipal Amalgamations Act enacted in 2013. However, the legislation excluded "resort municipalities" like Victoria Beach and the government allowed some of the new amalgamated municipalities to form with a combined population under 1,000.
|2016 Census of Population|
|Alexander||January 1, 1945||3,333||2,983||+11.7%||1,569.62||2.1/km2|
|Alonsa||January 1, 1945||1,247||1,270||−1.8%||2,980.04||0.4/km2|
|Argyle||August 15, 1881||1,025||1,071||−4.3%||769.87||1.3/km2|
|Armstrong||January 1, 1945||1,792||1,835||−2.3%||1,865.89||1.0/km2|
|Bifrost – Riverton||January 1, 2015||3,378||3,514||−3.9%||1,643.81||2.1/km2|
|Boissevain – Morton||January 1, 2015||2,353||2,270||+3.7%||1,091.90||2.2/km2|
|Brenda – Waskada||January 1, 2015||674||652||+3.4%||765.78||0.9/km2|
|Brokenhead||November 15, 1900||5,122||4,635||+10.5%||752.01||6.8/km2|
|Cartier||February 21, 1914||3,368||3,153||+6.8%||553.40||6.1/km2|
|Cartwright – Roblin||January 1, 2015||1,308||1,240||+5.5%||716.75||1.8/km2|
|Clanwilliam – Erickson||January 1, 2015||870||901||−3.4%||352.15||2.5/km2|
|Coldwell||November 19, 1912||1,254||1,351||−7.2%||901.76||1.4/km2|
|Cornwallis||December 22, 1883||4,520||4,378||+3.2%||500.36||9.0/km2|
|Dauphin||November 26, 1897||2,388||2,200||+8.5%||1,516.59||1.6/km2|
|Deloraine – Winchester||January 1, 2015||1,489||1,485||+0.3%||727.14||2.0/km2|
|De Salaberry||December 22, 1883||3,580||3,450||+3.8%||671.02||5.3/km2|
|Dufferin||November 1, 1890||2,435||2,394||+1.7%||913.27||2.7/km2|
|East St. Paul||November 3, 1915||9,372||9,046||+3.6%||41.99||223.2/km2|
|Ellice – Archie||January 1, 2015||887||971||−8.7%||1,155.80||0.8/km2|
|Elton||December 22, 1883||1,273||1,257||+1.3%||570.97||2.2/km2|
|Emerson – Franklin||January 1, 2015||2,537||2,439||+4.0%||973.05||2.6/km2|
|Ethelbert||January 1, 2015||607||629||−3.5%||1,136.94||0.5/km2|
|Fisher||January 1, 1945||1,708||1,704||+0.2%||1,479.35||1.2/km2|
|Gilbert Plains||January 1, 2015||1,470||1,623||−9.4%||1,051.23||1.4/km2|
|Gimli||August 15, 1881||6,181||5,845||+5.7%||318.75||19.4/km2|
|Glenboro – South Cypress||January 1, 2015||1,565||1,483||+5.5%||1,099.05||1.4/km2|
|Glenella – Lansdowne||January 1, 2015||1,181||1,245||−5.1%||1,265.37||0.9/km2|
|Grahamdale||January 1, 1945||1,359||1,354||+0.4%||2,385.42||0.6/km2|
|Grandview||January 1, 2015||1,482||1,508||−1.7%||1,154.81||1.3/km2|
|Grassland||January 1, 2015||1,561||1,480||+5.5%||1,344.46||1.2/km2|
|Grey||January 1, 2015||2,648||2,615||+1.3%||960.57||2.8/km2|
|Hamiota||January 1, 2015||1,225||1,288||−4.9%||576.43||2.1/km2|
|Hanover||May 25, 1881||15,733||14,026||+12.2%||741.52||21.2/km2|
|Harrison Park||January 1, 2015||1,622||1,799||−9.8%||977.63||1.7/km2|
|Headingley||May 9, 1992||3,579||3,215||+11.3%||107.27||33.4/km2|
|Hillsburg – Roblin – Shell River||January 1, 2015||3,214||3,284||−2.1%||1,690.73||1.9/km2|
|Kelsey||January 1, 1945||2,424||2,330||+4.0%||867.75||2.8/km2|
|Killarney-Turtle Mountain||August 15, 1881||3,429||3,233||+6.1%||926.14||3.7/km2|
|La Broquerie||May 25, 1881||6,076||5,198||+16.9%||579.26||10.5/km2|
|Lac du Bonnet||April 6, 1912||3,121||2,930||+6.5%||1,100.98||2.8/km2|
|Lakeshore||January 1, 2015||1,363||1,401||−2.7%||1,297.07||1.1/km2|
|Lorne||January 1, 2015||3,041||3,006||+1.2%||909.40||3.3/km2|
|Louise||January 1, 2015||1,918||1,932||−0.7%||939.01||2.0/km2|
|Macdonald||May 25, 1881||7,162||6,280||+14.0%||1,158.33||6.2/km2|
|McCreary||January 1, 2015||892||948||−5.9%||524.25||1.7/km2|
|Minitonas – Bowsman||January 1, 2015||1,653||1,816||−9.0%||1,201.05||1.4/km2|
|Minto – Odanah||January 1, 2015||1,189||1,177||+1.0%||744.04||1.6/km2|
|Montcalm||May 25, 1881||1,260||1,309||−3.7%||468.04||2.7/km2|
|Morris||February 14, 1880||3,047||2,999||+1.6%||1,038.32||2.9/km2|
|Mossey River||January 1, 2015||1,145||1,186||−3.5%||1,123.94||1.0/km2|
|Mountain||January 1, 1945||978||1,104||−11.4%||2,607.77||0.4/km2|
|Norfolk Treherne||January 1, 2015||1,751||1,741||+0.6%||733.52||2.4/km2|
|North Cypress – Langford||January 1, 2015||2,745||2,627||+4.5%||1,761.89||1.6/km2|
|North Norfolk||January 1, 2015||3,853||3,762||+2.4%||1,160.09||3.3/km2|
|Oakland – Wawanesa||January 1, 2015||1,690||1,618||+4.4%||576.68||2.9/km2|
|Oakview||January 1, 2015||1,626||1,513||+7.5%||1,147.33||1.4/km2|
|Pembina||January 1, 2015||2,347||2,369||−0.9%||1,118.33||2.1/km2|
|Piney||January 1, 1945||1,726||1,720||+0.3%||2,433.10||0.7/km2|
|Pipestone||December 22, 1883||1,458||1,447||+0.8%||1,149.31||1.3/km2|
|Portage la Prairie||February 14, 1880||6,975||6,525||+6.9%||1,961.97||3.6/km2|
|Prairie Lakes||January 1, 2015||1,453||1,423||+2.1%||1,062.42||1.4/km2|
|Prairie View||January 1, 2015||2,088||2,167||−3.6%||1,698.56||1.2/km2|
|Reynolds||January 1, 1945||1,338||1,285||+4.1%||3,572.13||0.4/km2|
|Rhineland||January 1, 2015||5,945||5,772||+3.0%||960.40||6.2/km2|
|Riding Mountain West||January 1, 2015||1,420||1,390||+2.2%||1,623.39||0.9/km2|
|Ritchot||November 1, 1890||6,679||5,478||+21.9%||333.55||20.0/km2|
|Riverdale||January 1, 2015||2,133||2,019||+5.6%||571.16||3.7/km2|
|Rockwood||February 14, 1880||7,823||7,964||−1.8%||1,199.93||6.5/km2|
|Roland||November 1, 1908||1,129||1,058||+6.7%||485.21||2.3/km2|
|Rosedale||December 22, 1883||1,672||1,627||+2.8%||864.55||1.9/km2|
|Rossburn||January 1, 2015||976||1,046||−6.7%||682.79||1.4/km2|
|Rosser||March 11, 1893||1,372||1,352||+1.5%||441.56||3.1/km2|
|Russell – Binscarth||January 1, 2015||2,442||2,553||−4.3%||571.37||4.3/km2|
|Sifton||January 1, 2015||1,256||1,172||+7.2%||768.42||1.6/km2|
|Souris – Glenwood||January 1, 2015||2,562||2,439||+5.0%||582.90||4.4/km2|
|Springfield||September 27, 1873||15,342||14,069||+9.0%||1,100.92||13.9/km2|
|St. Andrews||February 14, 1880||11,913||11,875||+0.3%||752.22||15.8/km2|
|St. Clements||December 22, 1883||10,876||10,505||+3.5%||730.11||14.9/km2|
|St. François Xavier||February 14, 1880||1,411||1,240||+13.8%||204.56||6.9/km2|
|St. Laurent||May 25, 1881||1,338||1,305||+2.5%||465.29||2.9/km2|
|Stanley||November 1, 1890||8,969||8,356||+7.3%||836.70||10.7/km2|
|Ste. Anne||February 14, 1880||5,003||4,686||+6.8%||477.76||10.5/km2|
|Ste. Rose||January 1, 2015||1,712||1,794||−4.6%||629.92||2.7/km2|
|Stuartburn||January 1, 1945||1,648||1,535||+7.4%||1,163.54||1.4/km2|
|Swan Valley West||January 1, 2015||2,829||2,923||−3.2%||1,721.22||1.6/km2|
|Taché||February 14, 1880||11,568||10,284||+12.5%||581.23||19.9/km2|
|Thompson||November 1, 1908||1,422||1,397||+1.8%||528.83||2.7/km2|
|Two Borders||January 1, 2015||1,175||1,310||−10.3%||2,309.03||0.5/km2|
|Victoria||November 15, 1902||1,132||1,119||+1.2%||697.86||1.6/km2|
|Victoria Beach||March 14, 1919||398||374||+6.4%||20.26||19.6/km2|
|Wallace – Woodworth||January 1, 2015||2,948||2,857||+3.2%||1,967.91||1.5/km2|
|West Interlake||January 1, 2015||2,162||2,206||−2.0%||1,621.30||1.3/km2|
|WestLake – Gladstone||January 1, 2015||3,154||3,068||+2.8%||1,832.55||1.7/km2|
|West St. Paul||November 3, 1915||5,368||4,932||+8.8%||87.81||61.1/km2|
|Whitehead||December 22, 1883||1,661||1,533||+8.3%||563.90||2.9/km2|
|Whitemouth||March 1, 1905||1,548||1,548||0.0%||703.02||2.2/km2|
|Woodlands||February 14, 1880||3,416||3,521||−3.0%||1,178.04||2.9/km2|
|Yellowhead||January 1, 2015||1,948||1,973||−1.3%||1,108.48||1.8/km2|
|Total rural municipalities||—||301,438||288,919||+4.3%||101,551.07||3.0/km2|
|Province of Manitoba||—||1,278,365||1,208,268||+5.8%||552,370.99||2.3/km2|
Manitoba's Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, defines a local government district (LGD) as "an area or areas that is or are wholly or partly in unorganized territory or in a disorganized municipality" with inhabitants. LGDs are incorporated by Manitoba's Lieutenant Governor in Council through passage of a regulation.
Manitoba has two LGDs:Mystery Lake and Pinawa. For municipal statistical purposes, Mystery Lake is considered a rural municipality while Pinawa is considered an urban municipality.
|2016 Census of Population|
|Mystery Lake||December 5, 1956||0||10||−100.0%||3,460.46||0.0/km2|
|Pinawa||January 4, 1962||1,504||1,444||+4.2%||128.54||11.7/km2|
|Total local government district||—||1,504||1,454||+3.4%||3,589.00||0.4/km2|
Flin Flon is a mining city in Canada. It is located on a correction line on the Manitoba and Saskatchewan border, with the majority of the city located within Manitoba. Residents thus travel southwest into Saskatchewan, and northeast into Manitoba.
A municipal district is an administrative entity comprising a clearly-defined territory and its population. It can refer to a city, a town, a village, a small grouping of them, or a rural area.
Division No. 18, Saskatchewan, Canada, is one of the eighteen Statistics Canada census divisions within the province, occupying the northern half of the province. The census division is coextensive with the Northern Saskatchewan Administration District (NSAD).
Semans is a village in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan within the Rural Municipality of Mount Hope No. 279 and Census Division No. 10. The village is located approximately 125 km north of the City of Regina and 195 km southeast of the City of Saskatoon.
The Province of Manitoba, similar to other Canadian provinces and territories, is governed through a Westminster-based parliamentary system. The Manitoba government's authority to conduct provincial affairs is derived from the Constitution of Canada, which divides legislative powers among the federal parliament and the provincial legislatures. (.-.) Manitoba operates through three levels of government: the executive, the legislative, and the judiciary. The executive branch—the Executive Council of Manitoba—consists of the Premier, who is the head of government and the President of the Executive Council. The legislative branch—Manitoba Legislature—consists of the Speaker and elected members, who are served by the Clerk, the Officers of the Legislative Assembly, and the employees of the legislative service. The Legislative Assembly consists of the 57 members (MLAs) elected to represent the people of Manitoba.
Smeaton is a village in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan within the Rural Municipality of Torch River No. 488 and Census Division No. 14. It is at the foot of Hanson Lake Road, which ends at Creighton near Flin Flon, Manitoba). Narrow Hills Provincial Park is 70 km north.
The Northern Regional Health Authority (NRHA) is the governing body responsible for healthcare delivery and regulation for the Northern Health Region (NHR)—specifically northern Manitoba, excluding Churchill.