List of municipalities in Manitoba

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Location of Manitoba in Canada Manitoba in Canada 2.svg
Location of Manitoba in Canada
Distribution of Manitoba's 137 municipalities by type following the 2015 municipal amalgamations Manitoba municipalities 2015.png
Distribution of Manitoba's 137 municipalities by type following the 2015 municipal amalgamations

Manitoba is the fifth most populous province in Canada with 1,278,365 residents as of 2016 and is the sixth largest in land area at 552,371 km2 (213,272 sq mi). [1] Manitoba's 137 municipalities [2] cover only

Contents

A municipality in Manitoba is "a municipality that is continued or formed under" the Municipal Act, which was enacted in 1996. [4] Municipalities that can be formed under this legislation include urban municipalities (cities, towns and villages) and rural municipalities. [4] The Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, allows the formation of local government districts as another municipality type. [5] Of Manitoba's 137 municipalities, 37 of them are urban municipalities (10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages), 98 are rural municipalities and 2 are local government districts. [6] [7] The Municipal Act and the Local Government Districts Act stipulate governance of these municipalities. [4] [5] Additional charters or acts are in place specifically for the cities of Brandon, Flin Flon, Portage la Prairie, Thompson and Winnipeg, the towns of Morris and Winnipeg Beach, and the rural municipalities of Kelsey, St. Andrews and Victoria Beach. [8] The Municipal Act, the Local Government Districts Act, and all these additional acts and charters were enacted at the provincial level by the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba, representing Queen Elizabeth II, on the advice and consent of the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba. [4] [5] [8] The Government of Manitoba's Department of Local Government is responsible for providing provincial services to municipalities. [9]

Over half of Manitoba's population resides in the City of Winnipeg, the provincial capital, with a population with 705,244. [3] The City of Brandon is the province's second most populous municipality with 48,859 residents. [3] Manitoba's smallest municipality by population is the Local Government District of Mystery Lake with 0 residents. [3] The largest municipality by land area is the Rural Municipality (RM) of Reynolds at 3,572.13 km2 (1,379.21 sq mi), while the smallest by land area is the Village of Lac du Bonnet at 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi). [3]

Manitoba's first municipality was the RM of Springfield (originally Springfield-Sunnyside). [10] It was incorporated on September 27, 1873. [11] Winnipeg was incorporated as a city a few weeks later on November 8, 1873. [12]

Urban municipalities

Distribution of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities by type (2015) Manitoba urban municipalities.png
Distribution of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities by type (2015)

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1996, defines urban municipality as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of at least 400 residents per square kilometre." [4] An urban municipality, upon formation, may be named a "city", "town", "village" or "urban municipality", although there is a minimum 7,500 population requirement that limits the naming of cities. [4]

Combined, Manitoba has 37 urban municipalities comprising 10 cities, 25 towns and 2 villages. [6] The 37 urban municipalities have a total population of 900,769, a total land area of 6,402.26 km2 (2,471.93 sq mi). These totals represent

Of Manitoba's 37 urban municipalities, 6 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000 and 20 have less than the current minimum density requirement of 400 residents per square kilometre. All of these were incorporated as urban municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996. [4] [13]

Cities

In Manitoba, a city is a type of urban municipality. The Municipal Act stipulates that an urban municipality can only be named a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500 residents. [4]

Manitoba has 10 cities [6] that had a cumulative population of 841,890 in the 2016 census. [3] These 10 cities include Flin Flon, of which a small portion is located within the neighbouring province of Saskatchewan. The province's largest and smallest cities by population are Winnipeg and the Manitoba portion of Flin Flon with populations of 705,244 and 4,991 respectively. [3] |suf1= [14] The province's largest and smallest cities by land area are Winnipeg and Dauphin with land areas of 464.33 km2 (179.28 sq mi) and 12.61 km2 (4.87 sq mi) respectively. [3] Manitoba's newest city is Morden, which changed from a town to a city on August 24, 2012. [15]

Towns

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a town upon formation. Other than the requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as towns. A town can alternately be named a village or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500. [4]

Manitoba has 25 towns [6] that had a cumulative population of 56,946 in the 2016 census. [3] The province's largest and smallest towns by population are The Pas and Grand Rapids with populations of 5,369 and 268 respectively. [3] The province's largest and smallest towns by land area are Gillam and Lac du Bonnet with land areas of 1,996.34 km2 (770.79 sq mi) and 2.15 km2 (0.83 sq mi) respectively. [3]

Villages

In Manitoba, an urban municipality may be named a village upon formation. Other than the minimum requirements to incorporate as an urban municipality (1,000 residents and 400 people/km2), the Municipal Act has no minimum population threshold to limit the naming of them as villages. A village can alternately be named a town or urban municipality under the Municipal Act or a city if it has a minimum population of 7,500. [4]

Manitoba has 2 villages [6] that had a cumulative population of 1,933 in the 2016 census. [3] These are St-Pierre-Jolys and Dunnottar with populations of 1,170 and 763 respectively. [3]

List of urban municipalities

List of urban municipalities in Manitoba
NameMunicipal statusIncorporation
date [13]
2016 Census of Population [3]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Altona [lower-alpha 2] TownDecember 31, 19454,2124,088+3.0%9.38
Arborg [lower-alpha 2] TownJanuary 1, 19641,2321,152+6.9%2.21
Beausejour [lower-alpha 2] TownNovember 5, 19083,2193,126+3.0%5.42
Brandon CityMay 30, 188248,85946,061+6.1%77.41
Carberry [lower-alpha 2] TownDecember 20, 18891,7381,669+4.1%4.96
Carman [lower-alpha 2] TownNovember 3, 18993,1643,027+4.5%4.34
Churchill [lower-alpha 3] TownJanuary 1, 1959899813+10.6%53.96
Dauphin [lower-alpha 4] CityJuly 11, 18988,4578,251+2.5%12.61
Dunnottar VillageDecember 31, 1947763696+9.6%2.78
Flin Flon (part) [lower-alpha 5] CityAugust 15, 19334,991 [14] [lower-alpha 6] 5,405−7.7%13.87 [lower-alpha 7]
Gillam [lower-alpha 3] TownMay 1, 19661,2651,332−5.0%1,996.34
Grand Rapids [lower-alpha 3] TownMarch 1, 1962268279−3.9%87.04
Lac du Bonnet [lower-alpha 2] TownDecember 31, 19471,0891,069+1.9%2.15
Leaf Rapids [lower-alpha 3] TownDecember 1, 1971582498+16.9%1,272.83
Lynn Lake [lower-alpha 3] TownMay 9, 1959494674−26.7%910.23
Melita [lower-alpha 2] TownMay 15, 19021,0421,069−2.5%3.04
Minnedosa TownMarch 2, 18832,4492,587−5.3%15.39
Morden [lower-alpha 4] CityMay 1, 18958,6687,812+11.0%16.37
Morris TownJanuary 29, 18831,8851,797+4.9%6.10
Neepawa TownNovember 23, 18834,6093,629+27.0%17.35
Niverville [lower-alpha 2] TownJanuary 1, 19694,6103,540+30.2%8.69
The Pas TownMay 17, 19125,3695,513−2.6%49.52
Portage la Prairie [lower-alpha 8] CityNovember 12, 188013,30412,996+2.4%24.68
Powerview-Pine Falls [lower-alpha 2] [lower-alpha 9] TownJanuary 1, 19511,3161,314+0.2%5.02
Selkirk [lower-alpha 8] CityJune 15, 188210,2789,834+4.5%24.86
Snow Lake [lower-alpha 3] TownJune 2, 1947899723+24.3%1,211.89
Ste. Anne [lower-alpha 2] TownJanuary 1, 19632,1141,626+30.0%4.23
Steinbach [lower-alpha 8] CityDecember 31, 194615,82913,524+17.0%25.59
Stonewall [lower-alpha 2] TownAugust 14, 19064,8094,536+6.0%5.99
St-Pierre-Jolys [lower-alpha 10] VillageDecember 31, 19471,1701,099+6.5%2.66
Swan River TownMay 11, 19084,0143,907+2.7%7.16
Teulon [lower-alpha 2] TownMay 6, 19191,2011,124+6.9%3.23
Thompson [lower-alpha 8] CityJanuary 1, 196713,67813,123+4.2%20.79
Virden [lower-alpha 2] TownAugust 2, 18903,3223,114+6.7%8.97
Winkler [lower-alpha 4] CityApril 7, 190612,660 [14] 10,670+18.7%17.00
Winnipeg CityNovember 8, 1873705,244663,617+6.3%464.33
Winnipeg Beach [lower-alpha 2] TownNovember 2, 19091,1451,011+13.3%3.87
Total cities841,968791,293+6.4%697.51
Total towns56,94653,217+7.0%5,699.31
Total villages1,9331,795+7.7%5.44
Total urban municipalities900,769846,305+6.4%6,402.26
Province of Manitoba1,278,3651,208,268+5.8%552,370.99

Rural municipalities

Distribution of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities (2011) Manitoba rural municipalities.png
Distribution of Manitoba's 116 rural municipalities (2011)

Manitoba's Municipal Act, enacted in 1987, defines rural municipality (RM) as an incorporated "area with at least 1,000 residents and a population density of less than 400 residents per square kilometre." [4] Manitoba has 98 rural municipalities [20] that had a cumulative population of 301,889  in the 2016 census. [3] These totals represent

Of Manitoba's 98 rural municipalities, 8 have populations less than the current minimum population requirement of 1,000. All of these were either incorporated as rural municipalities prior to the Municipal Act being enacted in 1996 [4] [13] or formed by the amalgamation of two or more municipalities incorporated prior to 1996. Many municipalities previously under the minimum population were required to amalgamate by the Government of Manitoba's Municipal Amalgamations Act enacted in 2013. However, the legislation excluded "resort municipalities" like Victoria Beach [21] and the government allowed some of the new amalgamated municipalities to form with a combined population under 1,000. [22]

List of rural municipalities in Manitoba
NameIncorporation
date [13]
2016 Census of Population [3]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Alexander [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19453,3332,983+11.7%1,569.62
Alonsa [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19451,2471,270−1.8%2,980.04
Argyle August 15, 18811,0251,071−4.3%769.87
Armstrong [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19451,7921,835−2.3%1,865.89
Bifrost – Riverton January 1, 20153,3783,514−3.9%1,643.81
Boissevain – Morton January 1, 20152,3532,270+3.7%1,091.90
Brenda – Waskada January 1, 2015674652+3.4%765.78
Brokenhead November 15, 19005,1224,635+10.5%752.01
Cartier February 21, 19143,3683,153+6.8%553.40
Cartwright – Roblin January 1, 20151,3081,240+5.5%716.75
Clanwilliam – Erickson January 1, 2015870901−3.4%352.15
Coldwell November 19, 19121,2541,351−7.2%901.76
Cornwallis December 22, 18834,5204,378+3.2%500.36
Dauphin November 26, 18972,3882,200+8.5%1,516.59
Deloraine – Winchester January 1, 20151,4891,485+0.3%727.14
De Salaberry December 22, 18833,5803,450+3.8%671.02
Dufferin November 1, 18902,4352,394+1.7%913.27
East St. Paul November 3, 19159,3729,046+3.6%41.99
Ellice – Archie January 1, 2015887971−8.7%1,155.80
Elton December 22, 18831,2731,257+1.3%570.97
Emerson – Franklin January 1, 20152,5372,439+4.0%973.05
Ethelbert January 1, 2015607629−3.5%1,136.94
Fisher [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19451,7081,704+0.2%1,479.35
Gilbert Plains January 1, 20151,4701,623−9.4%1,051.23
Gimli August 15, 18816,1815,845+5.7%318.75
Glenboro – South Cypress January 1, 20151,5651,483+5.5%1,099.05
Glenella – Lansdowne January 1, 20151,1811,245−5.1%1,265.37
Grahamdale [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19451,3591,354+0.4%2,385.42
Grandview January 1, 20151,4821,508−1.7%1,154.81
Grassland January 1, 20151,5611,480+5.5%1,344.46
Grey January 1, 20152,6482,615+1.3%960.57
Hamiota January 1, 20151,2251,288−4.9%576.43
Hanover May 25, 188115,73314,026+12.2%741.52
Harrison Park January 1, 20151,6221,799−9.8%977.63
Headingley May 9, 19923,5793,215+11.3%107.27
Hillsburg – Roblin – Shell River January 1, 20153,2143,284−2.1%1,690.73
Kelsey [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19452,4242,330+4.0%867.75
Killarney-Turtle Mountain August 15, 18813,4293,233+6.1%926.14
La Broquerie May 25, 18816,0765,198+16.9%579.26
Lac du Bonnet April 6, 19123,1212,930+6.5%1,100.98
Lakeshore January 1, 20151,3631,401−2.7%1,297.07
Lorne January 1, 20153,0413,006+1.2%909.40
Louise January 1, 20151,9181,932−0.7%939.01
Macdonald May 25, 18817,1626,280+14.0%1,158.33
McCreary January 1, 2015892948−5.9%524.25
Minitonas – Bowsman January 1, 20151,6531,816−9.0%1,201.05
Minto – Odanah January 1, 20151,1891,177+1.0%744.04
Montcalm May 25, 18811,2601,309−3.7%468.04
Morris February 14, 18803,0472,999+1.6%1,038.32
Mossey River January 1, 20151,1451,186−3.5%1,123.94
Mountain [lower-alpha 11] [lower-alpha 12] January 1, 19459781,104−11.4%2,607.77
Norfolk Treherne January 1, 20151,7511,741+0.6%733.52
North Cypress – Langford January 1, 20152,7452,627+4.5%1,761.89
North Norfolk January 1, 20153,8533,762+2.4%1,160.09
Oakland – Wawanesa January 1, 20151,6901,618+4.4%576.68
Oakview January 1, 20151,6261,513+7.5%1,147.33
Pembina January 1, 20152,3472,369−0.9%1,118.33
Piney [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19451,7261,720+0.3%2,433.10
Pipestone December 22, 18831,4581,447+0.8%1,149.31
Portage la Prairie February 14, 18806,9756,525+6.9%1,961.97
Prairie Lakes January 1, 20151,4531,423+2.1%1,062.42
Prairie View January 1, 20152,0882,167−3.6%1,698.56
Reynolds [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19451,3381,285+4.1%3,572.13
Rhineland January 1, 20155,9455,772+3.0%960.40
Riding Mountain West January 1, 20151,4201,390+2.2%1,623.39
Ritchot November 1, 18906,6795,478+21.9%333.55
Riverdale January 1, 20152,1332,019+5.6%571.16
Rockwood February 14, 18807,8237,964−1.8%1,199.93
Roland November 1, 19081,1291,058+6.7%485.21
Rosedale December 22, 18831,6721,627+2.8%864.55
Rossburn January 1, 20159761,046−6.7%682.79
Rosser March 11, 18931,3721,352+1.5%441.56
Russell – Binscarth January 1, 20152,4422,553−4.3%571.37
Sifton January 1, 20151,2561,172+7.2%768.42
Souris – Glenwood January 1, 20152,5622,439+5.0%582.90
Springfield September 27, 187315,34214,069+9.0%1,100.92
St. Andrews February 14, 188011,91311,875+0.3%752.22
St. Clements December 22, 188310,87610,505+3.5%730.11
St. François Xavier February 14, 18801,4111,240+13.8%204.56
St. Laurent May 25, 18811,3381,305+2.5%465.29
Stanley November 1, 18908,969 [14] 8,356+7.3%836.70
Ste. Anne February 14, 18805,0034,686+6.8%477.76
Ste. Rose January 1, 20151,7121,794−4.6%629.92
Stuartburn [lower-alpha 11] January 1, 19451,6481,535+7.4%1,163.54
Swan Valley West January 1, 20152,8292,923−3.2%1,721.22
Taché February 14, 188011,56810,284+12.5%581.23
Thompson November 1, 19081,4221,397+1.8%528.83
Two Borders January 1, 20151,1751,310−10.3%2,309.03
Victoria November 15, 19021,132 [14] 1,119+1.2%697.86
Victoria Beach March 14, 1919398374+6.4%20.26
Wallace – Woodworth January 1, 20152,9482,857+3.2%1,967.91
West Interlake January 1, 20152,1622,206−2.0%1,621.30
WestLake – Gladstone January 1, 20153,1543,068+2.8%1,832.55
West St. Paul November 3, 19155,3684,932+8.8%87.81
Whitehead December 22, 18831,6611,533+8.3%563.90
Whitemouth March 1, 19051,5481,5480.0%703.02
Woodlands February 14, 18803,4163,521−3.0%1,178.04
Yellowhead January 1, 20151,9481,973−1.3%1,108.48
Total rural municipalities301,438288,919+4.3%101,551.07
Province of Manitoba1,278,3651,208,268+5.8%552,370.99

Local government districts

Manitoba's Local Government Districts Act, enacted in 1987, defines a local government district (LGD) as "an area or areas that is or are wholly or partly in unorganized territory or in a disorganized municipality" with inhabitants. LGDs are incorporated by Manitoba's Lieutenant Governor in Council through passage of a regulation. [5]

Manitoba has two LGDs: [6] Mystery Lake and Pinawa. [7] For municipal statistical purposes, Mystery Lake is considered a rural municipality while Pinawa is considered an urban municipality. [7]

List of local government districts in Manitoba
NameIncorporation
date [13]
2016 Census of Population [3]
Population
(2016)
Population
(2011)
Change
Land area
(km²)
Population
density
Mystery Lake December 5, 1956010−100.0%3,460.46
Pinawa January 4, 19621,5041,444+4.2%128.54
Total local government district1,5041,454+3.4%3,589.00

See also

Notes

  1. The remaining
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 The towns of Altona, Arborg, Beausejour, Carberry, Carman, Lac du Bonnet, Melita, Niverville, Powerview-Pine Falls, Ste. Anne, Stonewall, Teulon, Virden and Winnipeg Beach were originally incorporated as villages. [13]
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 The towns of Churchill, Gillam, Grand Rapids, Leaf Rapids, Lynn Lake and Snow Lake were originally incorporated as local government districts. [13]
  4. 1 2 3 The cities of Dauphin, Morden and Winkler were originally incorporated as villages and each also held town status prior to acquiring their current city status. [13]
  5. The City of Flin Flon was originally incorporated as a municipal district and also held town status prior to acquiring its current city status. [16]
  6. This population does not include 203 in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon. [17] The city's total population in 2011 was 5,592.
  7. This land area does not include 2.37 km2 (0.92 sq mi) in the Saskatchewan portion of Flin Flon. [17] The city's total land area is 16.24 km2 (6.27 sq mi).
  8. 1 2 3 4 The cities of Portage la Prairie, Selkirk, Steinbach and Thompson were originally incorporated as towns. [13]
  9. The Town of Powerview-Pine Falls originally incorporated under the name of the Village of Powerview. Its renaming occurred on May 1, 2005 when it simultaneously absorbed the neighbouring community of Pine Falls and changed to town status. [18]
  10. The Village of St-Pierre-Jolys originally incorporated under the name of the Village of St. Pierre. Its renaming occurred on January 1, 1977. [19]
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 The rural municipalities of Alexander, Alonsa, Armstrong, Fisher, Grahamdale, Kelsey, Mountain, Park, Piney, Reynolds and Stuartburn were originally incorporated as local government districts. [13]
  12. Statistics Canada divides the RM of Mountain into two parts. In the 2016 census, the north portion had a population of 559, a -12.2% change from its 2011 population of 637, and a land area and population density of 990.69 km2 (382.51 sq mi) and

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References

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  2. "Report of Manitoba Local Government" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 14, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Manitoba)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "The Municipal Act (enacted 1996)". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  5. 1 2 3 4 "The Local Government Districts Act (enacted 1987)". Government of Manitoba. September 24, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved September 13, 2013.
  7. 1 2 3 "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  8. 1 2 "Municipal Acts". Government of Manitoba. September 12, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013.
  9. "Manitoba Local Government". Province of Manitoba. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  10. "Regional Profiles – Tourism Profiles – RM of Springfield". Partnership of the Manitoba Capital Region. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  11. "Manitoba Municipalities: Springfield". The Manitoba Historical Society. August 2, 2013. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  12. "The Incorporation of Winnipeg". The Manitoba Historical Society. June 30, 2009. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 "MHS Resources: Manitoba's Municipal History". The Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 "Population and dwelling count amendments, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. January 16, 2018. Retrieved February 3, 2018.
  15. "Morden Gets City Status". City of Morden. August 27, 2012. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
  16. "Manitoba Municipalities: Flin Flon". The Manitoba Historical Society. May 13, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  17. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Saskatchewan)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  18. "Manitoba Municipalities: Powerview-Pine Falls". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  19. "Manitoba Municipalities: St-Pierre-Jolys". The Manitoba Historical Society. April 22, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013.
  20. "2010 Statistical Information for Municipalities in the Province of Manitoba" (PDF). Manitoba Department of Local Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  21. "Government listens to presenters, amendments proposed to Municipal Modernization Act: Lemieux". Government of Manitoba. September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2014.
  22. "The music is just starting". The Manitoba Co-operator (via issuu). February 20, 2014. Retrieved July 25, 2020.