Nunavut is the least populous of Canada's three territories with 36,858 residents as of 2021, but the largest territory in land area, at 1,836,993.78 km2 (709,267.26 sq mi). Nunavut is also larger than any of Canada's ten provinces. Nunavut's 25 municipalities cover only 0.2% of the territory's land mass, but are home to 99.95% of its population. The remaining 99.8% of Nunavut's land mass comprises three small unincorporated settlements (0.015%) and three vast unorganized areas (99.796%). The remaining 0.05% of the population, 18 residents, live in the unincorporated area of Unorganized Baffin.
Municipalities are created by the Government of Nunavut in accordance with the Cities, Towns and Villages Act (CTVA)and the Hamlets Act. According to the CTVA, a municipality is an "area within the boundaries of a municipal corporation, as described in the order establishing or continuing the municipal corporation" where a municipal corporation is either a city, town or village. According to the Hamlets Act, a municipality is similarly an "area within the boundaries of a hamlet, as described in the order establishing or continuing the hamlet". All of Nunavut's 25 municipalities are hamlets except for the City of Iqaluit, which is the territory's capital.
The largest municipality by population in Nunavut is the capital city, Iqaluit, with 7,429 residents, home to 20.2% of the territory's population. The smallest municipality by population is Grise Fiord with 144 residents. The largest municipality by land area is Kugluktuk, which spans 538.99 km2 (208.11 sq mi), while the smallest is Kimmirut at 2.3 km2 (0.89 sq mi).
An application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a city under the CTVA at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs. : s.2 The proposed city must have a minimum assessed land value of $200 million or an exception made by the Minister. : s.4(3)(c) Iqaluit is the only city in Nunavut, with 7,429 residents and a land area of 51.58 km2 (19.92 sq mi) in 2021. It incorporated as a city on April 19, 2001.
Although Nunavut has no municipalities with town status, the CTVA provides opportunity to incorporate a town. A town can be incorporated at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs. : s.2 The proposed town must have a minimum assessed land value of $50 million or an exception made by the Minister. : s.4(3)(b) Iqaluit held town status between 1980 and 2001.
Nunavut has no villages, but like town status the CTVA provides opportunity to incorporate a village. A village can be incorporated at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs. : s.2 The proposed village must have a minimum assessed land value of $10 million or an exception made by the Minister. : s.4(3)(a) Iqaluit held village status between 1974 and 1980.
At the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs, an application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a hamlet under the Hamlets Act. : s.2 Unlike cities, towns and villages, the incorporation of hamlets is not conditioned by a prescribed minimum assessed land value. : s.4
Nunavut has 24 hamlets. The largest hamlet by population is Rankin Inlet, with 2,975 residents, and the smallest is Grise Fiord, with 144 residents. 538.99 km2 (208.11 sq mi), while the smallest is Kimmirut, at 2.30 km2 (0.89 sq mi).The largest hamlet by land area is Kugluktuk, which spans
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Iqaluit is the capital of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, its largest community, and its only city. It was known as Frobisher Bay from 1942 to 1987, after the large bay on the coast on which the city is situated. In 1987, its traditional Inuktitut name was restored.
Pangnirtung is an Inuit hamlet, in the Qikiqtaaluk Region of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, located on Baffin Island. The community is located about 45 km (28 mi) south of the Arctic Circle, and about 2,700 km (1,700 mi) from the North Pole. Pangnirtung is situated on a coastal plain at the coast of Pangnirtung Fjord, a fjord which eventually merges with Cumberland Sound. As of January 2022, the mayor is Stevie Komoartok.
Sanikiluaq is a municipality and Inuit community located on the north coast of Flaherty Island in Hudson Bay, on the Belcher Islands. Despite being geographically much closer to the shores of Ontario and Quebec, the community and the Belcher Islands lie within the Qikiqtaaluk Region of Nunavut, Canada.
Kugluktuk, formerly known as Coppermine until 1 January 1996, is a hamlet located at the mouth of the Coppermine River in the Kitikmeot Region of Nunavut, Canada, on Coronation Gulf, southwest of Victoria Island. It is the westernmost community in Nunavut, near the border with the Northwest Territories.
Naujaat, known until 2 July 2015 as Repulse Bay, is an Inuit hamlet situated on the Arctic Circle. It is located on the shores of Hudson Bay, at the south end of the Melville Peninsula, in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada.
Kimmirut is a community in the Qikiqtaaluk Region, Nunavut, Canada. It is located on the shore of Hudson Strait on Baffin Island's Meta Incognita Peninsula. Kimmirut means "heel", and refers to a rocky outcrop in the inlet.