List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

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A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red. PEI, Canada.svg
A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.
Distribution of Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities by municipal status type as of 2017 Prince Edward Island municipalities.png
Distribution of Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities by municipal status type as of 2017

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of the 2016 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi). [1] Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities cover

Contents

Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island are cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities. [6] Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act (MGA), which came into force on December 23, 2017, [7] the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Fisheries and Communities, the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality. [4] To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met. [4] If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of Fisheries and Communities that it would be in the public interest. [4] The province's lone resort municipality – the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico – was established by order in council in 1990. [6] The 2017 MGA prevents creation of any new resort municipalities. [6]

Prince Edward Island has two cities, ten towns, fifty rural municipalities and one resort municipality, [3] [6] which are distributed across three counties Kings, Prince and Queens. Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest municipality by population while Belfast is the largest municipality by land area. [2] The smallest municipalities by population and land area are Tignish Shore and St. Louis respectively. [2]

Municipalities

Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city Charlottetown aerial photo.jpg
Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city Summerside City Hall.jpg
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city

Cities

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a city if it has an estimated population of 15,000 or more and a total property assessment value of $750 million or more. [4] [6] Should a city no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status. [4]

Prince Edward Island has two cities. [3] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city both by population with 36,094 residents and by land area with 44.34 km2 (17.12 sq mi). [2] It forms the core of a census agglomeration that encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 69,325 residents, or

Towns

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a town if has an estimated population of 4,000 or more but is less than 15,000, and a total property assessment value of $200 million or more, but is less than $750 million. [4] [6] Should a town no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status. [4]

Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities, [3] which had a cumulative population of 28,905 in the 2016 census. [2] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 9,706 and 607 respectively. [2] Three Rivers is Prince Edward Island's largest town by land area with 148.37 km2 (57.29 sq mi) and O'Leary is the province's smallest town by land area with 1.68 km2 (0.65 sq mi). [2] Three Rivers is also the province's newest town, which incorporated as a town on September 28, 2018 through the amalgamation of the towns of Georgetown and Montague, five rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas. [10] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables towns to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. [6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022. [9]

Rural municipalities

Under the province's MGA, municipalities that previously held community status under the previous Municipalities Act, which originally came into force in 1983, [11] were carried forward as rural municipalities. [4] [6] [lower-alpha 2] With the amalgamation of Brackley and Winsloe South on December 15, 2017, [13] and then the MGA coming into force eight days later on December 23, 2017, [7] Prince Edward Island had 58 communities that became rural municipalities. [3] [6] On September 28, 2018, three amalgamations reduced the total amount of rural municipalities to 50. [10] As of the 2016 census, the province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are North Shore and Tignish Shore with populations of 2,152 and 57 respectively. [2] [3] [14] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables rural municipalities to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. [6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022. [9]

Resort municipalities

Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990. [4] The province's MGA allows this resort municipality to continue yet prevents the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future. [4] [6] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables the province's lone resort municipality to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. [6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022. [9] If the population of the lone resort municipality reaches 2,000 electors, it may be incorporated as a different type of municipality pursuant to the MGA. [4]

List

List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island
Name County Municipal
status [3] [6]
Incorporation
year [15]
2016 Census of Population
Population
(2016) [2] [3]
Population
(2011) [2] [16]
ChangeLand area
(km²) [2] [3]
Population
density
(ppl/km²) [2]
Charlottetown Queens City 1855 [17] [lower-alpha 3] 36,09434,562+4.4%44.34814.0
Summerside Prince City 1877 [lower-alpha 4] 14,82914,751+0.5%28.49520.5
Alberton Prince Town 19131,1451,135+0.9%4.52253.3
Borden-Carleton Prince Town 1995 [lower-alpha 5] 724750−3.5%12.9955.7
Cornwall Queens Town 19955,3485,162+3.6%28.19189.7
Kensington Prince Town 19141,6191,513+7.0%3.01537.9
North Rustico Queens Town 1954 [lower-alpha 6] 607583+4.1%2.41251.9
O'Leary Prince Town 1951 [lower-alpha 7] 815812+0.4%1.68485.1
Souris Kings Town 19101,0531,173−10.2%3.47303.5
Stratford Queens Town 19959,7068,574+13.2%22.53430.8
Three Rivers Kings Town [10] 20187,169 [14] [lower-alpha 8] 4,707 [lower-alpha 9] +52.3%148.3731.7
Tignish Prince Town [22] 1952 [lower-alpha 10] 719779−7.7%5.87122.5
Abram-Village Prince Rural municipality 1974272267+1.9%1.26215.9
Afton Queens Rural municipality 19741,2911,222+5.6%39.832.4
Alexandra Queens Rural municipality 1972221224−1.3%10.421.3
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay Kings Rural municipality 1975211262−19.5%31.86.6
Bedeque and Area Prince Rural municipality 2014302310−2.6%2.53119.4
Belfast Queens Rural municipality 19721,6701,637+2.0%229.67.3
Bonshaw Queens Rural municipality 1977187218−14.2%14.013.4
Brackley Queens Rural municipality 1983 [lower-alpha 11] 596561+6.2%18.3832.4
Breadalbane Queens Rural municipality 1991167173−3.5%12.5513.3
Central Kings Kings Rural municipality 1975339329+3.0%73.74.6
Central Prince Prince Rural municipality [10] 20181,054 [14] [lower-alpha 12] 1,162−9.3%133.28.3
Clyde River Queens Rural municipality 1974653576+13.4%16.5239.5
Crapaud Queens Rural municipality 1950319345−7.5%2.15148.4
Darlington Queens Rural municipality 198391109−16.5%7.711.8
Eastern Kings Kings Rural municipality 1974709702+1.0%141.05.0
Greenmount-Montrose Prince Rural municipality 1977266258+3.1%25.810.3
Hampshire Queens Rural municipality 1974335420−20.2%13.624.6
Hazelbrook Queens Rural municipality 1974183172+6.4%8.122.6
Hunter River Queens Rural municipality 1974356294+21.1%5.9759.6
Kingston Queens Rural municipality 19741,096794+38.0%48.022.8
Kinkora Prince Rural municipality 1955336339−0.9%3.8288.0
Linkletter Prince Rural municipality 1972310320−3.1%9.0834.1
Lot 11 and Area Prince Rural municipality 1982613635−3.5%101.46.0
Malpeque Bay Queens Rural municipality 19731,0301,029+0.1%96.710.7
Meadowbank Queens Rural municipality 1974355338+5.0%9.2938.2
Miltonvale Park Queens Rural municipality 19741,1481,153−0.4%35.4532.4
Miminegash Prince Rural municipality 1968148173−14.5%1.9077.9
Miscouche Prince Rural municipality 1957873869+0.5%3.45253.0
Morell Kings Rural municipality 1953297313−5.1%1.46203.4
Mount Stewart Queens Rural municipality 1953209225−7.1%1.22171.3
Murray Harbour Kings Rural municipality 1953258320−19.4%3.8966.3
Murray River Kings Rural municipality 1955304334−9.0%1.47206.8
New Haven-Riverdale Queens Rural municipality 1974520485+7.2%21.724.0
North Shore Queens Rural municipality 19742,152 [14] [lower-alpha 13] 1,901+13.2%71.429.1
North Wiltshire Queens Rural municipality 1974189182+3.8%12.315.4
Northport Prince Rural municipality 1974186188−1.1%1.8103.3
Sherbrooke Prince Rural municipality 1972159172−7.6%8.8518.0
Souris West Kings Rural municipality 1972356399−10.8%7.751.8
St. Felix Prince Rural municipality 1977333348−4.3%11.429.2
St. Louis Prince Rural municipality 19646651+29.4%0.62106.5
St. Nicholas Prince Rural municipality 1991211198+6.6%20.610.2
St. Peters Bay Kings Rural municipality 1953237253−6.3%4.2755.5
Tignish Shore Prince Rural municipality 19755773−21.9%1.538.0
Tyne Valley Prince Rural municipality 1966249222+12.2%1.72144.8
Union Road Queens Rural municipality 1977204235−13.2%9.9720.5
Victoria Queens Rural municipality 195174104−28.8%1.4650.7
Warren Grove Queens Rural municipality 1985356367−3.0%10.1835.0
Wellington Prince Rural municipality 1959415409+1.5%1.78233.1
West River Queens Rural municipality 1974801741+8.1%34.823.0
York Queens Rural municipality 1986408284+43.7%12.432.9
Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico [lower-alpha 14] Queens Resort municipality 1990328266+23.3%37.798.7
Total cities50,92349,313+3.3%72.83699.2
Total towns28,90525,188+14.8%233.04124.0
Total rural municipalities23,17222,695+2.1%1,250.0217.3
Total resort municipalities328266+23.3%37.798.7
Total municipalities103,32897,462+6.0%1,683.1061.4
Province of Prince Edward Island142,907140,204+1.9%5,686.0325.1

See also

Notes

  1. The remaining
  2. Prior to the Municipalities Act, incorporated communities were previously designated either villages or community improvement committees. [12]
  3. On April 1, 1995, the Charlottetown Area Municipalities Act amalgamated the Town of Parkdale and the adjacent incorporated communities of East Royalty, Hillsborough Park, Sherwood, West Royalty, and Winsloe with the City of Charlottetown. [17]
  4. Summerside incorporated as a city on April 1, 1995 upon amalgamating with the incorporated communities of St. Eleanors and Wilmot. [18]
  5. Borden-Carlton, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on July 31, 2012. [19]
  6. North Rustico, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on November 16, 2013. [20]
  7. O'Leary, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on March 11, 2014. [21]
  8. The 2016 population of Three Rivers is the post-amalgamation sum of the population counts associated with two former towns (Georgetown and Montague) five former rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), two unincorporated fire districts (Cardigan and Georgetown), and a portion of a third fire district (Montague). [14]
  9. The 2011 population of Three Rivers is only of those portions that were incorporated as different municipalities prior to the 2018 amalgamation. The population of those portions that were unincorporated prior to the 2018 amalgamation is therefore excluded.
  10. Tignish, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on April 1, 2017. [22]
  11. Brackley amalgamated with Winsloe South on December 15, 2017. [13] Winsloe South originally incorporated in 1986. [23]
  12. The 2016 and 2011 population counts of Central Prince are the post-amalgamation sums of the population counts associated with two former rural municipalities (Ellerslie-Bideford and Lady Slipper). [14]
  13. The 2016 and 2011 population counts of North Shore are the post-amalgamation sums of the population counts associated with three former rural municipalities (Grand Tracadie, North Shore, and Pleasant Grove). [14]
  14. Official legal name is the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico. [4]

Related Research Articles

Queens County, Prince Edward Island County

Queens County is a county in the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is the largest county in the province by population with 82,017 (2016), land area, and highest average income. Charlottetown is the county seat of Queens County, and is the largest city and the capital of Prince Edward Island.

North Rustico Town in Prince Edward Island, Canada

North Rustico is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.

Georgetown, Prince Edward Island Place in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Georgetown is a town located within the municipality of Three Rivers in Kings County, Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is the Capital of Kings County. In 2018 it amalgamated with the town of Montague, the rural municipalities of Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield, and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas.

Brackley, Prince Edward Island Rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Brackley is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located on the northern boundary of Charlottetown, adjoining the Charlottetown Airport that is in the neighbourhood of Sherwood. Brackley originally incorporated in 1983. It absorbed the adjacent former municipality of Winsloe South via amalgamation on December 15, 2017.

Morell, Prince Edward Island

Morell is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located in Kings County east of Bristol.

Charlottetown Provincial capital of Prince Edward Island in Canada

Charlottetown is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and the county seat of Queens County. Named after Queen Charlotte, Charlottetown was an unincorporated town until it was incorporated as a city in 1855.

History of Charlottetown

The History of Charlottetown can be traced back to the original French military settlement established on the site in 1720. Over the years Charlottetown has grown to become the largest and most important city on Prince Edward Island.

North Shore, Prince Edward Island Rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada

North Shore is a rural municipality within Queens County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018 through an amalgamation of three municipalities. The municipalities that amalgamated were the rural municipalities of Grand Tracadie, North Shore, and Pleasant Grove.

Resort Municipality, Prince Edward Island Resort municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Resort Municipality, officially named the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico, is the lone municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada that holds resort municipality status. It was established in 1990.

A resort municipality is a type of municipal status in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Prince Edward Island. British Columbia also has a related municipal status type of mountain resort municipality.

Bedeque and Area Community in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Bedeque and Area is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was formed through the amalgamation of the communities of Bedeque and Central Bedeque on November 17, 2014. It had a population of 310 in 2011.

Winsloe South Place in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Winsloe South is a former municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada that held community status between 1986 and 2017. It amalgamated with Brackley on December 15, 2017.

Central Prince is a rural municipality within Prince County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018 through an amalgamation of two municipalities. The municipalities that amalgamated were the rural municipalities of Ellerslie-Bideford and Lady Slipper.

Three Rivers is a town within Kings County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018 through an amalgamation of seven municipalities and adjacent unincorporated areas. The municipalities that were amalgamated included two towns – Georgetown and Montague – and five rural municipalities – Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield.

References

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