List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

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A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red. PEI, Canada.svg
A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.
Distribution of Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities by municipal status type as of 2017 Prince Edward Island municipalities.png
Distribution of Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities by municipal status type as of 2017

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 154,331 residents as of the 2021 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,681.18 km2 (2,193.52 sq mi). [1] Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities cover

Contents

Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island are cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities. [6] Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act (MGA), which came into force on December 23, 2017, [7] the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Fisheries and Communities, the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality. [4] To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met. [4] If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of Fisheries and Communities that it would be in the public interest. [4] The province's lone resort municipality – the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico – was established by order in council in 1990. [6] The 2017 MGA prevents creation of any new resort municipalities. [6]

Prince Edward Island has two cities, ten towns, fifty rural municipalities and one resort municipality, [3] [6] which are distributed across three counties Kings, Prince and Queens. Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest municipality by population while Belfast is the largest municipality by land area. [2] The smallest municipalities by population and land area are Tignish Shore and St. Louis respectively. [2]

Cities

Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city Charlottetown aerial photo.jpg
Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city Summerside City Hall.jpg
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a city if it has an estimated population of 15,000 or more and a total property assessment value of $750 million or more. [4] [6] Should a city no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status. [4]

Prince Edward Island has two cities. [3] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city both by population with 38,809 residents and by land area with 44.27 km2 (17.09 sq mi). [2] It forms the core of a census agglomeration that encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 78,858 residents, or

Towns

Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a town if has an estimated population of 4,000 or more but is less than 15,000, and a total property assessment value of $200 million or more, but is less than $750 million. [4] [6] Should a town no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status. [4]

Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities, [3] which had a cumulative population of 32,632 in the 2021 census. [2] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 10,927 and 648 respectively. [2] Three Rivers is Prince Edward Island's largest town by land area with 431.47 km2 (166.59 sq mi) and O'Leary is the province's smallest town by land area with 1.83 km2 (0.71 sq mi). [2] Three Rivers is also the province's newest town, which incorporated as a town on September 28, 2018 through the amalgamation of the towns of Georgetown and Montague, five rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas. [10] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables towns to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. [6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022. [9]

Rural municipalities

Under the province's MGA, municipalities that previously held community status under the previous Municipalities Act, which originally came into force in 1983, [11] were carried forward as rural municipalities. [4] [6] [lower-alpha 2] With the amalgamation of Brackley and Winsloe South on December 15, 2017, [13] and then the MGA coming into force eight days later on December 23, 2017, [7] Prince Edward Island had 58 communities that became rural municipalities. [3] [6] On September 28, 2018, three amalgamations reduced the total amount of rural municipalities to 50. [10] As of the 2021 census, the province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are West River and Tignish Shore with populations of 3,473 and 64 respectively. [2] [3] [14] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables rural municipalities to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. [6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022. [9]

Resort municipalities

Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990. [4] The province's MGA allows this resort municipality to continue yet prevents the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future. [4] [6] Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables the province's lone resort municipality to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. [6] With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022. [9] If the population of the lone resort municipality reaches 2,000 electors, it may be incorporated as a different type of municipality pursuant to the MGA. [4]

List of municipalities

List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island
NameMunicipal
status [3] [6]
County [2] Incorporation
year [15]
2021 Census of Population [2]
Population
(2021)
Population
(2016)
Change
Land area
(km2)
Population
density
(/km2)
Charlottetown City Queens 185538,80936,094+7.5%44.27876.6
Summerside City Prince 1877 [lower-alpha 3] 16,00114,839+7.8%28.21567.2
Alberton Town Prince 19131,3011,145+13.6%4.70276.8
Borden-Carleton Town Prince 1995 [lower-alpha 4] 788724+8.8%12.9460.9
Cornwall Town Queens 19956,5745,348+22.9%28.21233.0
Kensington Town Prince 19141,8121,619+11.9%3.17571.6
North Rustico Town Queens 1954 [lower-alpha 5] 648617+5.0%2.64245.5
O'Leary Town Prince 1951 [lower-alpha 6] 876815+7.5%1.83478.7
Souris Town Kings 19101,0791,053+2.5%3.61298.9
Stratford Town Queens 199510,9279,711+12.5%22.67482.0
Three Rivers Town Kings 20187,8837,169+10.0%431.4718.3
Tignish Town Prince 1952744719+3.5%5.87126.7
Abram-Village Rural municipality Prince 1974340300+13.3%1.36250.0
Alexandra Rural municipality Queens 1972252204+23.5%10.3524.3
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay Rural municipality Kings 1975223207+7.7%31.877.0
Bedeque and Area Rural municipality Prince 2014311302+3.0%2.26137.6
Belfast Rural municipality Queens 19721,6871,636+3.1%229.277.4
Brackley Rural municipality Queens 1983 [lower-alpha 7] 586596−1.7%18.7531.3
Breadalbane Rural municipality Queens 1991170167+1.8%12.6713.4
Central Kings Rural municipality Kings 1975386349+10.6%72.945.3
Central Prince Rural municipality Prince 20181,1291,054+7.1%133.788.4
Clyde River Rural municipality Queens 1974614653−6.0%15.9338.5
Crapaud Rural municipality Queens 1950361319+13.2%2.10171.9
Darlington Rural municipality Queens 19839990+10.0%7.7212.8
Eastern Kings Rural municipality Kings 1974687698−1.6%141.124.9
Greenmount-Montrose Rural municipality Prince 1977262292−10.3%26.0310.1
Hampshire Rural municipality Queens 1974339359−5.6%13.5225.1
Hazelbrook Rural municipality Queens 1974220193+14.0%8.0927.2
Hunter River Rural municipality Queens 1974390356+9.6%6.0464.6
Kingston Rural municipality Queens 19741,1111,047+6.1%48.3823.0
Kinkora Rural municipality Prince 1955388336+15.5%3.9797.7
Linkletter Rural municipality Prince 1972315300+5.0%7.8840.0
Lot 11 and Area Rural municipality Prince 1982617639−3.4%102.616.0
Malpeque Bay Rural municipality Queens 19731,1911,030+15.6%98.9712.0
Miltonvale Park Rural municipality Queens 19741,1961,158+3.3%35.1334.0
Miminegash Rural municipality Prince 19681481480.0%1.8878.7
Miscouche Rural municipality Prince 1957992873+13.6%3.49284.2
Morell Rural municipality Kings 1953269297−9.4%1.49180.5
Mount Stewart Rural municipality Queens 1953226209+8.1%1.52148.7
Murray Harbour Rural municipality Kings 1953282258+9.3%3.9072.3
Murray River Rural municipality Kings 1955337304+10.9%1.54218.8
North Shore Rural municipality Queens 20182,5002,152+16.2%71.1335.1
North Wiltshire Rural municipality Queens 1974176202−12.9%12.4314.2
Northport Rural municipality Prince 1974157186−15.6%1.7390.8
Sherbrooke Rural municipality Prince 1972178159+11.9%8.9419.9
Souris West Rural municipality Kings 1972379361+5.0%7.7349.0
St. Felix Rural municipality Prince 1977314325−3.4%11.5427.2
St. Louis Rural municipality Prince 19646966+4.5%0.68101.5
St. Nicholas Rural municipality Prince 1991218213+2.3%20.7310.5
St. Peters Bay Rural municipality Kings 1953231237−2.5%4.4452.0
Tignish Shore Rural municipality Prince 19756463+1.6%1.6538.8
Tyne Valley Rural municipality Prince 1966229249−8.0%1.94118.0
Union Road Rural municipality Queens 1977213204+4.4%10.3320.6
Victoria Rural municipality Queens 195113974+87.8%1.4496.5
Warren Grove Rural municipality Queens 1985374346+8.1%10.1636.8
Wellington Rural municipality Prince 1959414415−0.2%1.70243.5
West River Rural municipality Queens 19743,4733,110+11.7%121.6228.6
York Rural municipality Queens 1986387414−6.5%12.2731.5
Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico [lower-alpha 8] Resort municipality Queens 1990359318+12.9%36.109.9
Sub-total cities54,81050,933+7.6%72.48756.2
Sub-total towns32,63228,920+12.8%517.1163.1
Sub-total rural municipalities24,64323,150+6.4%1,345.0218.3
Sub-total resort municipalities359318+12.9%36.109.9
Total municipalities112,444103,321+8.8%1,970.7157.1
Province of Prince Edward Island154,331142,907+8.0%5,681.1827.2

See also

Notes

  1. The remaining
  2. Prior to the Municipalities Act, incorporated communities were previously designated either villages or community improvement committees. [12]
  3. Summerside incorporated as a city on April 1, 1995 upon amalgamating with the incorporated communities of St. Eleanors and Wilmot. [16]
  4. Borden-Carlton, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on July 31, 2012. [17]
  5. North Rustico, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on November 16, 2013. [18]
  6. O'Leary, which previously held community status, incorporated as a town on March 11, 2014. [19]
  7. Brackley amalgamated with Winsloe South on December 15, 2017. [13] Winsloe South originally incorporated in 1986. [20]
  8. Official legal name is the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico. [4]

Related Research Articles

Central Bedeque is a former municipality that previously held community status in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. It was dissolved through its amalgamation with the Community of Bedeque on November 17, 2014 to create the Community of Bedeque and Area. It is located north of Borden-Carleton within Lot 26, Prince County. Its primary industry is agriculture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Rustico</span> Town in Prince Edward Island, Canada

North Rustico is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.

Brackley is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located on the northern boundary of Charlottetown, adjoining the Charlottetown Airport that is in the neighbourhood of Sherwood. Brackley originally incorporated in 1983. It absorbed the adjacent former municipality of Winsloe South via amalgamation on December 15, 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Charlottetown</span> Capital city of Prince Edward Island, Canada

Charlottetown is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and the county seat of Queens County. Named after Queen Charlotte, Charlottetown was an unincorporated town until it was incorporated as a city in 1855.

Bedeque is a former municipality that previously held community status in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. It was dissolved through its amalgamation with the Community of Central Bedeque on November 17, 2014 to create the Community of Bedeque and Area.

Grand Tracadie was a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was incorporated in 1984. The village itself was located in the central portion of Prince Edward Island. On September 28, 2018, it was merged with the municipality of North Shore. Grand Tracadie finds itself partly in a National Park of Canada. It is close to Charlottetown, the cultural hub of P.E.I.

Meadowbank, previously Meadow Bank, is a former rural municipality in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island within Queens County.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">North Shore, Prince Edward Island</span> Rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada

North Shore is a rural municipality within Queens County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018, through an amalgamation of three municipalities. The municipalities that amalgamated were the rural municipalities of Grand Tracadie, North Shore, and Pleasant Grove.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Resort Municipality, Prince Edward Island</span> Resort municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Resort Municipality, officially named the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico, is the lone municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada that holds resort municipality status. It was established in 1990.

A resort municipality is a type of municipal status in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Prince Edward Island. British Columbia also has a related municipal status type of mountain resort municipality.

Bedeque and Area is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was formed through the amalgamation of the communities of Bedeque and Central Bedeque on November 17, 2014.

Winsloe South is a former municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada that held community status between 1986 and 2017. It amalgamated with Brackley on December 15, 2017.

Central Prince is a rural municipality within Prince County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018 through an amalgamation of two municipalities. The municipalities that amalgamated were the rural municipalities of Ellerslie-Bideford and Lady Slipper.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Three Rivers, Prince Edward Island</span> Town in Prince Edward Island, Canada

Three Rivers is a town within Kings County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018, through an amalgamation of seven municipalities and adjacent unincorporated areas. The municipalities that were amalgamated included two towns – Georgetown and Montague – and five rural municipalities – Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield.

References

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  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "Population and dwelling counts: Canada, provinces and territories, census divisions and census subdivisions (municipalities), Prince Edward Island". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island: Communities, Land and Environment. September 18, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2019. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 "Municipal Government Act" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. November 28, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 30, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  5. "Canada – Prince Edward Island Agreement Municipal Strategic Component 2014 - 2019 Guidelines and Criteria" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. March 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 13, 2019. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 "Existing Municipalities and New Municipalities Municipal Government Act". Government of Prince Edward Island. January 6, 2017. Archived from the original on December 1, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  7. 1 2 "EC2017747: Municipal Government Act Proclamation" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. p. 414. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  8. "Census Profile, 2021 Census: Charlottetown [Census agglomeration], Prince Edward Island and Prince Edward Island [Province]". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2022. Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  9. 1 2 3 4 "Municipal Elections and By-Elections". Government of Prince Edward Island. June 5, 2018. Archived from the original on March 7, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  10. 1 2 "EC2018584, EC2018585 and EC2018586" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island Executive Council. September 25, 2018. pp. 321–327. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  11. "Municipal Government Act and Regulations". Government of Prince Edward Island. May 29, 2020. Archived from the original on June 25, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  12. "Municipalities Act". Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. December 15, 2016. Archived from the original on June 6, 2020. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  13. 1 2 "EC2017746: Municipalities Act (Community of Brackley and Community of Winsloe South Amalgamation)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. pp. 413–414. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 30, 2019. Retrieved December 26, 2017.
  14. "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: Up to January 1st, 2019" (PDF). Statistics Canada. November 13, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  15. "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Archived from the original on February 22, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
  16. "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status and Names: January 2, 1991 to January 1, 1996" (PDF). Statistics Canada. February 1997. p. 45. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2018.
  17. "EC2012443: Municipalities Act (Community of Borden-Carleton Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 261. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  18. "EC2013782: Municipalities Act (Community of North Rustico Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 532. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved November 24, 2013.
  19. "EC2014142: Municipalities Act (Community of O'Leary Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. March 11, 2014. p. 72. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 9, 2020. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
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