Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 154,331 residents as of the 2021 census and is the smallest in land area at 5,681.18 km2 (2,193.52 sq mi). Prince Edward Island's 63 municipalities cover 34.7% of the province's land mass and were home to 73% of its population in 2021. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning. The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.
Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island are cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities.Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act (MGA), which came into force on December 23, 2017, the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Fisheries and Communities, the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality. To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met. If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of Fisheries and Communities that it would be in the public interest. The province's lone resort municipality – the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico – was established by order in council in 1990. The 2017 MGA prevents creation of any new resort municipalities.
Prince Edward Island has two cities, ten towns, fifty rural municipalities and one resort municipality, – Kings, Prince and Queens. Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest municipality by population while Belfast is the largest municipality by land area. The smallest municipalities by population and land area are Tignish Shore and St. Louis respectively.which are distributed across three counties
Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a city if it has an estimated population of 15,000 or more and a total property assessment value of $750 million or more.Should a city no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status.
Prince Edward Island has two cities. 44.27 km2 (17.09 sq mi). It forms the core of a census agglomeration that encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 78,858 residents, or 51% of the island's population. The province's second city is Summerside, which is located on the west side of the island. It has a population of 16,001 and a land area of 28.21 km2 (10.89 sq mi). Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables cities to elect a mayor and a minimum of eight councillors. With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city both by population with 38,809 residents and by land area with
Under the province's MGA, a municipality may incorporate as a town if has an estimated population of 4,000 or more but is less than 15,000, and a total property assessment value of $200 million or more, but is less than $750 million.Should a town no longer meet these requirements, the Minister of Fisheries and Communities may recommend to the Lieutenant Governor in Council to change the status of the municipality to a more appropriate status.
Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities, 32,632 in the 2021 census. The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 10,927 and 648 respectively. Three Rivers is Prince Edward Island's largest town by land area with 431.47 km2 (166.59 sq mi) and O'Leary is the province's smallest town by land area with 1.83 km2 (0.71 sq mi). Three Rivers is also the province's newest town, which incorporated as a town on September 28, 2018 through the amalgamation of the towns of Georgetown and Montague, five rural municipalities (Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield), and portions of three adjacent unincorporated areas. Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables towns to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.which had a cumulative population of
Under the province's MGA, municipalities that previously held community status under the previous Municipalities Act, which originally came into force in 1983,were carried forward as rural municipalities. With the amalgamation of Brackley and Winsloe South on December 15, 2017, and then the MGA coming into force eight days later on December 23, 2017, Prince Edward Island had 58 communities that became rural municipalities. On September 28, 2018, three amalgamations reduced the total amount of rural municipalities to 50. As of the 2021 census, the province's largest and smallest rural municipalities are West River and Tignish Shore with populations of 3,473 and 64 respectively. Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables rural municipalities to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022.
Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990.The province's MGA allows this resort municipality to continue yet prevents the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future. Starting with the municipal elections in 2018, the MGA enables the province's lone resort municipality to elect a mayor and a minimum of six councillors. With general municipal elections occurring every four years, the next municipal election is scheduled for November 2022. If the population of the lone resort municipality reaches 2,000 electors, it may be incorporated as a different type of municipality pursuant to the MGA.
|2021 Census of Population|
|Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay||Rural municipality||Kings||1975||223||207||+7.7%||31.87||7.0|
|Bedeque and Area||Rural municipality||Prince||2014||311||302||+3.0%||2.26||137.6|
|Central Kings||Rural municipality||Kings||1975||386||349||+10.6%||72.94||5.3|
|Central Prince||Rural municipality||Prince||2018||1,129||1,054||+7.1%||133.78||8.4|
|Clyde River||Rural municipality||Queens||1974||614||653||−6.0%||15.93||38.5|
|Eastern Kings||Rural municipality||Kings||1974||687||698||−1.6%||141.12||4.9|
|Hunter River||Rural municipality||Queens||1974||390||356||+9.6%||6.04||64.6|
|Lot 11 and Area||Rural municipality||Prince||1982||617||639||−3.4%||102.61||6.0|
|Malpeque Bay||Rural municipality||Queens||1973||1,191||1,030||+15.6%||98.97||12.0|
|Miltonvale Park||Rural municipality||Queens||1974||1,196||1,158||+3.3%||35.13||34.0|
|Mount Stewart||Rural municipality||Queens||1953||226||209||+8.1%||1.52||148.7|
|Murray Harbour||Rural municipality||Kings||1953||282||258||+9.3%||3.90||72.3|
|Murray River||Rural municipality||Kings||1955||337||304||+10.9%||1.54||218.8|
|North Shore||Rural municipality||Queens||2018||2,500||2,152||+16.2%||71.13||35.1|
|North Wiltshire||Rural municipality||Queens||1974||176||202||−12.9%||12.43||14.2|
|Souris West||Rural municipality||Kings||1972||379||361||+5.0%||7.73||49.0|
|St. Felix||Rural municipality||Prince||1977||314||325||−3.4%||11.54||27.2|
|St. Louis||Rural municipality||Prince||1964||69||66||+4.5%||0.68||101.5|
|St. Nicholas||Rural municipality||Prince||1991||218||213||+2.3%||20.73||10.5|
|St. Peters Bay||Rural municipality||Kings||1953||231||237||−2.5%||4.44||52.0|
|Tignish Shore||Rural municipality||Prince||1975||64||63||+1.6%||1.65||38.8|
|Tyne Valley||Rural municipality||Prince||1966||229||249||−8.0%||1.94||118.0|
|Union Road||Rural municipality||Queens||1977||213||204||+4.4%||10.33||20.6|
|Warren Grove||Rural municipality||Queens||1985||374||346||+8.1%||10.16||36.8|
|West River||Rural municipality||Queens||1974||3,473||3,110||+11.7%||121.62||28.6|
|Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico||Resort municipality||Queens||1990||359||318||+12.9%||36.10||9.9|
|Sub-total rural municipalities||24,643||23,150||+6.4%||1,345.02||18.3|
|Sub-total resort municipalities||359||318||+12.9%||36.10||9.9|
|Province of Prince Edward Island||154,331||142,907||+8.0%||5,681.18||27.2|
Central Bedeque is a former municipality that previously held community status in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. It was dissolved through its amalgamation with the Community of Bedeque on November 17, 2014 to create the Community of Bedeque and Area. It is located north of Borden-Carleton within Lot 26, Prince County. Its primary industry is agriculture.
North Rustico is a Canadian town located in Queens County, Prince Edward Island.
Brackley is a rural municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It is located on the northern boundary of Charlottetown, adjoining the Charlottetown Airport that is in the neighbourhood of Sherwood. Brackley originally incorporated in 1983. It absorbed the adjacent former municipality of Winsloe South via amalgamation on December 15, 2017.
Charlottetown is the capital and largest city of the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island, and the county seat of Queens County. Named after Queen Charlotte, Charlottetown was an unincorporated town until it was incorporated as a city in 1855.
Bedeque is a former municipality that previously held community status in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island. It was dissolved through its amalgamation with the Community of Central Bedeque on November 17, 2014 to create the Community of Bedeque and Area.
Grand Tracadie was a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was incorporated in 1984. The village itself was located in the central portion of Prince Edward Island. On September 28, 2018, it was merged with the municipality of North Shore. Grand Tracadie finds itself partly in a National Park of Canada. It is close to Charlottetown, the cultural hub of P.E.I.
Meadowbank, previously Meadow Bank, is a former rural municipality in the Canadian province of Prince Edward Island within Queens County.
North Shore is a rural municipality within Queens County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018, through an amalgamation of three municipalities. The municipalities that amalgamated were the rural municipalities of Grand Tracadie, North Shore, and Pleasant Grove.
Resort Municipality, officially named the Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico, is the lone municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada that holds resort municipality status. It was established in 1990.
A resort municipality is a type of municipal status in the Canadian provinces of British Columbia and Prince Edward Island. British Columbia also has a related municipal status type of mountain resort municipality.
Bedeque and Area is a municipality that holds community status in Prince Edward Island, Canada. It was formed through the amalgamation of the communities of Bedeque and Central Bedeque on November 17, 2014.
Winsloe South is a former municipality in Prince Edward Island, Canada that held community status between 1986 and 2017. It amalgamated with Brackley on December 15, 2017.
Central Prince is a rural municipality within Prince County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018 through an amalgamation of two municipalities. The municipalities that amalgamated were the rural municipalities of Ellerslie-Bideford and Lady Slipper.
Three Rivers is a town within Kings County in Prince Edward Island that was incorporated on September 28, 2018, through an amalgamation of seven municipalities and adjacent unincorporated areas. The municipalities that were amalgamated included two towns – Georgetown and Montague – and five rural municipalities – Brudenell, Cardigan, Lorne Valley, Lower Montague, and Valleyfield.