List of paintings by Johannes Vermeer

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The following is a list of paintings by the Dutch Golden Age painter Johannes Vermeer . After two or three early history paintings, he concentrated almost entirely on genre works, typically interiors with one or two figures. His popularity is due less to his subject matter than to the poetic manner in which he portrays his subjects. Vermeer's paintings of the 1660s are generally more popular than his work from the 1670s: in the eyes of some, his later work is colder. [1]

Dutch Golden Age painting

Dutch Golden Age painting is the painting of the Dutch Golden Age, a period in Dutch history roughly spanning the 17th century, during and after the later part of the Eighty Years' War (1568–1648) for Dutch independence.

Johannes Vermeer 17th-century Dutch painter

Johannes Vermeer was a Dutch Baroque Period painter who specialized in domestic interior scenes of middle-class life. He was a moderately successful provincial genre painter in his lifetime but evidently was not wealthy, leaving his wife and children in debt at his death, perhaps because he produced relatively few paintings.

History painting genre in painting defined by historical matter

History painting is a genre in painting defined by its subject matter rather than artistic style. History paintings usually depict a moment in a narrative story, rather than a specific and static subject, as in a portrait. The term is derived from the wider senses of the word historia in Latin and Italian, meaning "story" or "narrative", and essentially means "story painting". Most history paintings are not of scenes from history, especially paintings from before about 1850.

Contents

Today, 36 paintings are firmly attributed to him, with question marks over a further three. [2] This compares to the 74 pictures attributed to him by Thoré-Bürger in 1866. Vermeer's reputation increased greatly during the latter half of the 20th century, a period during which the number of paintings ascribed to him shrank greatly. [3] This is partly because he has been one of the most widely forged artists, and many forgeries have now been identified. No drawings or preparatory paintings are known. [4] Many Vermeer paintings are known by various names, and alternative names are noted below. Years of creation are only estimates for most of the paintings, and sources often give different, though not widely divergent, estimates. In addition to the known paintings listed below, historical documents seem to describe at least six other, lost, works. [4]

Théophile Thoré-Bürger French journalist and art critic

Étienne-Joseph-Théophile Thoré was a French journalist and art critic. He is best known today for his rediscovery of the work of painter Johannes Vermeer.

Paintings by Johannes Vermeer

ImageTitleYearSizePlace
Johannes (Jan) Vermeer - Christ in the House of Martha and Mary - Google Art Project.jpg Christ in the House of Martha and Mary [5] 1654–55
or c. 1654–56 [6] or c. 1655 [7]
Oil on canvas, 160 × 142 cm National Gallery of Scotland,

Edinburgh

Vermeer - Diana and Her Companions.jpg Diana and Her Companions [8] 1655–56
or c. 1653–54 [6] [7]
Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 105 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Jan Vermeer van Delft 002.jpg The Procuress [9] 1656 (signed and dated)Oil on canvas, 143 × 130 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Johannes Vermeer - Girl Reading a Letter by an Open Window - Google Art Project.jpg Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window [10]
(also known as Young Woman Reading a Letter at an Open Window [6] )
1657 (or c. 1657–59 [6] )Oil on canvas, 83 × 64.5 cm Gemäldegalerie Alte Meister, Dresden
Vermeer young women sleeping.jpg A Girl Asleep
(also known as A Maid Asleep [6] [7] )
1657
(or 1656–57 [6] [7] )
Oil on canvas, 87.6 × 76.5 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Johannes Vermeer - Gezicht op huizen in Delft, bekend als 'Het straatje' - Google Art Project.jpg The Little Street 1657–58
or c. 1658 [6] or c. 1658–60 [7]
Oil on canvas, 54.3 × 44 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft 023.jpg Officer with a Laughing Girl
(also known as Officer and Laughing Girl) [6]
c. 1657 [6] Oil on canvas, 50.5 × 46 cm Frick Collection, New York
Johannes Vermeer - Het melkmeisje - Google Art Project.jpg The Milkmaid c. 1658 [6] or c. 1657–58 [7] Oil on canvas, 45.5 × 41 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft - The Glass of Wine - Google Art Project.jpg The Wine Glass , also known as A Lady Drinking and a Gentleman and The Glass of Wine [7] 1658–60 or 1658–59 [7] Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cm Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Jan Vermeer van Delft 006.jpg The Girl with the Wineglass c. 1659Oil on canvas, 78 × 67.5 cm Herzog Anton-Ulrich-Museum, Braunschweig
Vermeer-view-of-delft.jpg View of Delft [11] 1659–60Oil on canvas, 98.5 × 117.5 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Vermeer Girl Interrupted at Her Music.jpg Girl Interrupted at her Music 1660–61 (or 1658–59 [6] )Oil on canvas, 39.4 × 44.5 cm Frick Collection, New York
Vermeer, Johannes - Woman reading a letter - ca. 1662-1663.jpg Woman Reading a Letter 1663–64 (or 1657–59 [6] )Oil on canvas, 46.6 × 39.1 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
Jan Vermeer van Delft 014.jpg The Music Lesson
(also known as A Lady at the Virginals with a Gentleman)
1662/65Oil on canvas, 73.3 × 64.5 cm Royal Collection, Buckingham Palace, England
Vermeer - Woman with a Lute near a window.jpg Woman with a Lute c. 1663–64 or 1662–63 [7] Oil on canvas, 51.4 × 45.7 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer van Delft - Young Woman with a Pearl Necklace - Google Art Project.jpg Woman with a Pearl Necklace 1662–64Oil on canvas, 55 × 45 cm Gemäldegalerie, Berlin
Jan Vermeer van Delft 019.jpg Woman with a Water Jug , also known as Young Woman with a Water Pitcher [7] 1660–62 or c. 1662 [7] Oil on canvas, 45.7 × 40.6 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Woman-with-a-balance-by-Vermeer.jpg A Woman Holding a Balance , also known as Woman with a Balance [7] 1662–63 or c. 1663–64 [7] Oil on canvas, 42.5 × 38 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Johannes Vermeer - A Lady Writing - Google Art Project.jpg A Lady Writing a Letter 1665–66Oil on canvas, 45 × 40 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
Meisje met de parel.jpg Girl with a Pearl Earring ,
also known as Girl In A Turban, Head Of Girl In A Turban, The Young Girl With Turban, and Head of a Young Girl.
c. 1665Oil on canvas, 46.5 × 40 cm Mauritshuis, The Hague
Vermeer The concert.JPG The Concert 1665–66Oil on canvas, 72.5 × 64.7 cmMissing since its theft from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum, Boston in 1990 [12]
Vermeer-Portrait of a Young Woman.jpg Portrait of a Young Woman , also known as Study of a Young Woman 1666–67 or c. 1665–67 [7] Oil on canvas, 44.5 × 40 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer - The Art of Painting - Google Art Project.jpg The Allegory of Painting,
also known as The Art of Painting
1666–67 or c. 1666–68 [7] Oil on canvas, 100 × 120 cm Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
Vermeer Lady Maidservant Holding Letter.jpg Mistress and Maid ,
also known as Lady with her Maidservant Holding a Letter
1667/68Oil on canvas, 90.2 × 78.7 cm Frick Collection, New York
Vermeer - Girl with a Red Hat.JPG Girl with a Red Hat (attribution to Vermeer has been questioned) [13] 1668 or c. 1665–67 [7] Oil on panel, 22.8 × 18 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington
JohannesVermeer-TheAstronomer(1668).jpg The Astronomer 1668Oil on canvas, 50.8 × 46.3 cm Louvre, Paris
Jan Vermeer van Delft 009.jpg The Geographer 1668/69Oil on canvas, 53 × 46.6 cm Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main
Jan Vermeer van Delft 016.jpg The Lacemaker 1669/70Oil on canvas, 24.5 × 21 cm Louvre, Paris
Vermeer, Johannes - The Loveletter.jpg The Love Letter 1669/70Oil on canvas, 44 × 38.5 cm Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam
DublinVermeer.jpg Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid 1670Oil on canvas, 71.1 × 58.4 cm National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin
Allegory of the Catholic Faith.PNG The Allegory of Faith , also known as Allegory of the Faith [7] 1671–74 or c. 1670–72 [7] Oil on canvas, 114.3 × 88.9 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Jan Vermeer van Delft 013.jpg The Guitar Player 1672Oil on canvas, 53 × 46.3 cm Kenwood House, London
Jan Vermeer van Delft - Lady Standing at a Virginal - National Gallery, London.jpg Lady Standing at a Virginal , also known as Young Woman Standing at a Virginal [7] 1673–75 or c. 1670–72 [7] Oil on canvas, 51.7 × 45.2 cm National Gallery, London
Johannes Vermeer - Zittende Klavecimbelspeelster (1673-1675).jpg Lady Seated at a Virginal , also known as Young Woman Seated at a Virginal [7] 1673–75 or c. 1670–72 [7] Oil on canvas, 51.5 × 45.5 cm National Gallery, London

Disputed paintings

Imagetitleyearsizeplace
SaintPraxedisJohannesVermeerPainting.jpg Saint Praxedis 1655 [2] Oil on canvas, 101.6 x 82.6 cmPrivate Collection, Tokyo
On loan to the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo
Johannes Vermeer - Girl with a flute (c 1665-1670).jpg Girl with a Flute 1665–70 [2] Oil on panel, 20 x 17.8 cm National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Vermeer - A young Woman seated at the Virginals.jpg A Young Woman Seated at the Virginals c. 1670 [2] Oil on canvas, 25.2 × 20 cm Leiden Collection, United States

Historical documents such as auction records suggest that Vermeer painted a number of other works, now presumably destroyed, lost to public view, or possibly wrongly attributed to other artists. [4] While a list of these lost Vermeers must necessarily be tentative, it may include:

Self-portrait representation of an artist, drawn, painted, photographed, or sculpted by the artist

A self-portrait is a representation of an artist that is drawn, painted, photographed, or sculpted by that artist. Although self-portraits have been made since the earliest times, it is not until the Early Renaissance in the mid-15th century that artists can be frequently identified depicting themselves as either the main subject, or as important characters in their work. With better and cheaper mirrors, and the advent of the panel portrait, many painters, sculptors and printmakers tried some form of self-portraiture. Portrait of a Man in a Turban by Jan van Eyck of 1433 may well be the earliest known panel self-portrait. He painted a separate portrait of his wife, and he belonged to the social group that had begun to commission portraits, already more common among wealthy Netherlanders than south of the Alps. The genre is venerable, but not until the Renaissance, with increased wealth and interest in the individual as a subject, did it become truly popular.

<i>The Little Street</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

The Little Street is a painting by the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer, executed c. 1657–58. It is exhibited at the Rijksmuseum of Amsterdam, and signed, below the window in the lower left-hand corner, "I V MEER".

Jupiter (mythology) king of the gods in ancient Roman religion and myth

Jupiter, also known as Jove, was the god of the sky and thunder and king of the gods in Ancient Roman religion and mythology. Jupiter was the chief deity of Roman state religion throughout the Republican and Imperial eras, until Christianity became the dominant religion of the Empire. In Roman mythology, he negotiates with Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome, to establish principles of Roman religion such as offering, or sacrifice.

Footnotes

  1. Bonafoux, 124
  2. 1 2 3 4 Jonathan Janson, Essential Vermeer: complete Vermeer catalogue accessed 16 June 2010
  3. Bonafoux, 144
  4. 1 2 3 4 Jon Boone, Essential Vermeer: How many Vermeer's? (sic) accessed 22 January 2010
  5. Wheelock, 48
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 or c. 1655Cant, Serenaffgjhfjfjfgjgfjjghfikjgk (2009). Vermeer and His World 1632–1675. Quercus Publishing Plc. ISBN   978-1-84866-001-4.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Liedtke, Walter; et al. (2001). Vermeer and the Delft School. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, and Yale University Press, New Haven. ISBN   0-300-08848-5.
  8. Wheelock, 52
  9. Wheelock, 54
  10. Wheelock, 58
  11. Wheelock, 72
  12. Stolen, a documentary about the theft of The Concert, from the PBS website
  13. NGA catalog entry

Sources

International Standard Book Number Unique numeric book identifier

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.

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<i>The Milkmaid</i> (Vermeer) 1658 painting by Johannes Vermeer

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<i>A Lady Writing a Letter</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

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<i>Girl with a Pearl Earring</i> 1665 painting by Johannes Vermeer, in the collection of the Mauritshuis

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<i>Saint Praxedis</i> (painting) painting attributed to Johannes Vermeer

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<i>The Wine Glass</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

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<i>Study of a Young Woman</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

Study of a Young Woman is a painting by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer, completed between 1665 and 1667, and now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

<i>Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid</i> 1670-1671 painting by Johannes Vermeer

Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid is a painting by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer, completed in 1670–1671 and held in the National Gallery of Ireland. The work shows a middle-class woman attended by a housemaid who is presumably acting as messenger and go-between for the lady and her lover. The work is seen as a bridge between the quiet restraint and self-containment of Vermeer's work of the 1660s and his relatively cooler work of the 1670s. It may have been partly inspired by Ter Borch's painting Woman Sealing a Letter. The painting's canvas was almost certainly cut from the same bolt used for Woman with a Lute.

<i>The Lacemaker</i> (Vermeer) painting by Johannes Vermeer

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<i>The Allegory of Faith</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

The Allegory of Faith, also known as Allegory of the Catholic Faith, is a painting created by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer in about 1670–72. The painting is currently located at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and has been since 1931.

<i>Officer and Laughing Girl</i> 17th-century painting by Johannes Vermeer

Officer and Laughing Girl, also known as Officer and a Laughing Girl, Officer With a Laughing Girl or De Soldaat en het Lachende Meisje, was painted by the Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer between 1655 and 1660. It was painted in oil on canvas, typical of most Dutch artists of the time, and is 50.5 by 46 cm. It now resides in The Frick Collection in New York.

<i>The Geographer</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

The Geographer is a painting created by Dutch artist Johannes Vermeer in 1668–1669, and is now in the collection of the Städelsches Kunstinstitut museum in Frankfurt, Germany. It is closely related to Vermeer's The Astronomer, for instance using the same model in the same dress, and has sometimes been considered a pendant painting to it. A 2017 study indicated that the canvas for the two works came from the same bolt of material.

<i>View of Delft</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

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<i>Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

Girl Reading a Letter at an Open Window is an oil painting by Dutch Golden Age painter Johannes Vermeer. Completed in approximately 1657–59, the well-preserved painting is on display at the Gemäldegalerie in Dresden. For many years, the attribution of the painting—which features a young Dutch woman reading a letter before an open window—was lost, with first Rembrandt and then Pieter de Hooch being credited for the work before it was properly identified in 1880. After World War II, the painting was briefly in possession of the Soviet Union.

<i>Diana and Her Companions</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

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<i>Woman with a Pearl Necklace</i> painting by Johannes Vermeer

Woman with a Pearl Necklace by Johannes Vermeer is a seventeenth-century Northern European painting. Painted in oils on canvas, Johannes Vermeer portrayed a young Dutch woman, most likely of upper-class-descent, dressing herself with two yellow ribbons, pearl earrings, and a pearl necklace. As a very popular artist of the 17th century, the Dutch Golden Age, Vermeer depicted many women in similar circumstances within interior, domestic scenes. The same woman also appears in The Love Letter and A Lady Writing a Letter.

Arthur K. Wheelock Jr. American museum curator

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<i>Girl with a Flute</i> painting attributed to Johannes Vermeer

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