List of political parties in Hungary

Last updated

This article lists political parties in Hungary. Since the Revolutions of 1989, Hungary again has been using a multi-party system. Currently, the political landscape of Hungary is dominated by the Fidesz (Hungarian Civic Union), which has an absolute majority, while the largest party of the opposition is DK.

Contents

Active parties

Parties represented in the National Assembly or the European Parliament

NameAbbr.LeaderIdeology MPs MEPs Political positionEP group
Fidesz–KDNP
Fidesz 2015.svg
Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance
Fidesz - Magyar Polgári Szövetség
Fidesz Viktor Orbán National conservatism
Christian democracy
Soft Euroscepticism
117 / 199
12 / 21
Right-wing to far-right NI
KDNP.png
Christian Democratic People's Party
Kereszténydemokrata Néppárt
KDNP Zsolt Semjén Christian democracy
Social conservatism
16 / 199
1 / 21
Right-wing EPP
Jobbik logo 2020 (no wordmark).png
Movement for a Better Hungary
Jobbik Magyarországért Mozgalom
Jobbik Péter Jakab Hungarian nationalism
Conservatism
17 / 199
1 / 21
Right-wing NI
Flag of the Hungarian Socialist Party.svg
Hungarian Socialist Party
Magyar Szocialista Párt
MSZP Bertalan Tóth

Ágnes Kunhalmi

Social democracy
Pro-Europeanism
15 / 199
1 / 21
Centre-left S&D
Logo of the Democratic Coalition (Hungary).svg
Democratic Coalition
Demokratikus Koalíció
DK Ferenc Gyurcsány Social liberalism
European federalism
Pro-Europeanism
9 / 199
4 / 21
Centre-left S&D
Lehet Mas a Politika logo.svg
LMP – Hungary's Green Party
LMP – Magyarország Zöld Pártja
LMP Máté Kanász-Nagy

Erzsébet Schmuck

Green politics
Syncretic politics
6 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-left Greens/EFA
Logo of the Dialogue for Hungary.svg
Dialogue for Hungary
Párbeszéd Magyarországért
Párbeszéd Gergely Karácsony Green left
Feminism
5 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-left Greens/EFA
Logo of the Momentum Movement.svg
Momentum Movement
Momentum Mozgalom
Momentum András Fekete-Győr Radical centrism
Liberalism
0 / 199
2 / 21
Centre RE
Parties present in parliament but not having their own faction
Our Homeland Movement
Mi Hazánk Mozgalom
Mi Hazánk László Toroczkai Hungarian irredentism
Hard Euroscepticism
2 / 199
0 / 21
Far-right none
PolgariValasz.jpg
Civil Response
Polgári Válasz
PV János Bencsik Conservatism
2 / 199
0 / 21
Right-wing none
Reformers
Reformerek
Reformerek Andrea Varga-Damm Christian democracy
Conservative liberalism
1 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-right none
Yes Solidarity for Hungary Movement
Igen Szolidaritás Magyarországért Mozgalom
ISZOMM Andrea Huszti Anti-capitalism
Kádárism
Democratic socialism
1 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-left to Left-wing none
Magyar Liberalis Part logo.svg
Hungarian Liberal Party
Magyar Liberális Párt
Liberálisok Anett Bősz (hu) Liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
1 / 199
0 / 21
Centre to centre-right RE
Uj Kezdet logo.jpg
New Start
Új Kezdet
ÚK Krisztina Hohn (hu) Third way
Liberal conservatism
1 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-right EDP
Volner Party
Volner Párt
VP János Volner National conservatism
Euroscepticism
1 / 199
0 / 21
Right-wing none
Ethnic advocacy organizations present in parliament
Das Wappen der Ungarndeutschen.png
National Self-Government of Germans in Hungary
Magyarországi Németek Országos Önkormányzata
MNOÖ Ibolya Hock-Englender German-Hungarian interests
1 / 199
0 / 21
Centre-right none

Parties not represented in the National Assembly or the European Parliament

NameAbbr.LeaderIdeologyPolitical position
Independent Smallholders' Party
Független Kisgazdapárt
FKgP Károly Balogh Social conservatism
Agrarianism
National conservatism
Right-wing
Hungarian Workers' Party
Magyar Munkáspárt
Munkáspárt Gyula Thürmer Communism
Kádárism
Euroscepticism
Far-left
MSZDP logo, 1945.svg
Social Democratic Party of Hungary
Magyarországi Szociáldemokrata Párt
MSZDP László Andráska Social democracy Centre-left
Insignia Hungary Political Party MIEP.svg
Hungarian Justice and Life Party
Magyar Igazság és Élet Pártja
MIÉP Tibor Nagy Hungarian nationalism
National conservatism
Hard Euroscepticism
Right-wing to far-right
Magyar Ketfarku Kutyapart logo.svg
Hungarian Two Tailed Dog Party
Magyar Kétfarkú Kutyapárt
MKKPGergely Kovács Joke party
Absurdism
Satire
Centre
Flag of the Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom.svg
Democratic Community of Welfare and Freedom
Jólét és Szabadság Demokrata Közösség
JESZ László Sass Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy
Centre-right
No image.png
Workers' Party of Hungary 2006
Magyarországi Munkáspárt 2006
Európai Baloldal Attila Vajnai Marxism
Eurocommunism
Left-wing
Motherland Party
A Haza Pártja
HP Árpád Kásler Social conservatism
Soft Euroscepticism
Centre
A Polgari Konzervativ Part (PKP) logoja..png
Civic Conservative Party
Polgári Konzervatív Párt
PKP Peter Béndek Liberal conservatism
Economic liberalism
Pro-Europeanism
Right-wing
Logo standard.gif
People' Front (hu)
Népi Front Párt'
Népi Front Zsuzsanna Fogarasi Marxism-Leninism
Kádárism
Far-left
No image.png
Táncsics – Radical Left Party
Táncsics – Radikális Balpárt
Táncsics Democratic socialism Left-wing
Civil Movement
Civil Mozgalom
CM Mária Seres (hu) Third Way Centre-right

Historical parties

Before the Hungarian Revolution of 1848

List of political parties in Hungary before the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
English nameHungarian nameActiveIdeology
Centralists Centralisták(1843-1849) Centralism
Classical liberalism
Conservative Party Konzervatív Párt(1846-1849) Conservatism
Liberal conservatism
Opposition Party Ellenzéki Párt(1847-1849) Classical liberalism
National liberalism
Peace Party Békepárt(1848-1849)Peace with Austria

Between the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 and the Ausgleich (1867)

After the Revolution of 1848 three different political directions were created - '47ers, '48ers and '49ers.

List of political parties in Hungary between the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 and the Ausgleich (1867)
English nameHungarian nameActiveIdeology
Address Party Felirati párt(1861-1865) Ideology of the '48ers
National liberalism
Resolution Party Határozati párt(1861) Ideology of the '49ers
Radical liberalism
Left Centre Balközép(1865-1875) Ideology of the '48ers (before the Ausgleich (1867))
Ideology of the '49ers (after the Ausgleich (1867))

During the time of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918)

List of political parties in Hungary during the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918)
English nameHungarian nameActiveIdeology
Principled Left Centre Elvhű Balközép(1873-1874) '48 ideology
Far-Left Szélsőbal(1861-1874) '49 ideology (before the Ausgleich (1867))
'67 ideology (after the Ausgleich (1867)))
Deák Party Deák Párt(1865-1875) '48 ideology (before the Ausgleich (1867))
'67 ideology (after the Ausgleich (1867))
Liberal Party Liberális Párt / Szabadelvű Párt(1875-1906) classical liberalism
'67 ideology
Independence Party Függetlenségi Párt(1874-1884) '48 ideology
Independence Party of 1848 Negyvennyolcas Függetlenségi Párt(1874–1884) '48 ideology
National Antisemitic Party Országos Antiszemita Párt(1883-1892) Antisemitism
Party of Independence and '48 Függetlenségi és 48-as Párt(1884–1945) Classical liberalism
'48 ideology
MSZDP Magyar Szociáldemokrata Párt(1890-?) Social democracy
Catholic People's Party Katolikus Néppárt(1894-1918) Christian socialism
National Constitution Party Országos Alkotmánypárt(1905–1918) Classical liberalism
'67 ideology
National Party of Work Nemzeti Munkapárt(1910-1918) Classical liberalism
'67 ideology
Radical Civic Party Polgári Radikális Párt(1914-1919) Civic radicalism
48-er Constitution Party 48-as Alkotmánypárt(1918) '48 ideology
Classical liberalism
Independent Socialist Party Független Szocialista Párt(1897-1905) Socialism
Agrarian socialism

During the First Hungarian Republic (1918-1919, 1919-1920)

NameAbbr.ActiveIdeologyPolitical position
Logo of the Hungarian Communist Party.svg
Hungarian Communist Party
Magyar Kommunista Párt
MKP(1918-1948) Marxism
Communism
Far-left

During the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-1945)

English nameHungarian nameActiveIdeology
Christian National Party Keresztény Nemzeti Párt(1919-1920) Legitimism
Christian conservatism
National conservatism
Christian Social and Economic Party Keresztény Szociális és Gazdasági Párt(1919-1920) Social conservatism
Christian democracy
Christian Socialist Party Keresztényszocialista Párt(1920-?) Christian socialism
National Democratic Party Nemzeti Demokrata Párt(1920-?) Liberalism
Civic Freedom Party Polgári Szabadságpárt(1921-1944) Liberalism
'48 Smallholders Party 48-as Kisgazda Párt(1922-?) Agrarianism
National conservatism
Alliance of Christian Unity Keresztény Egység Tábora(1922-?) Christian democracy
Christian National Agricultural Workers' and Civic Party Keresztény Nemzeti Földmíves és Polgári Párt(1922-?) Agrarianism
Christian democracy
Christian Agricultural Workers and Craftsmen Party Keresztény Földmíves és Iparos Párt(1922-?) Agrarianism
Christian democracy
Christian Women's League Keresztény Női Tábor(1918-1922) Christian democracy
Christian feminism
Christian National Economic Party Keresztény Nemzeti Gazdasági Párt(1925-1926) Christian democracy
Royalism
Christian Economic and Social Party Keresztény Gazdasági és Szociális Párt(1926-1937) Christian democracy
Christian Opposition Keresztény Ellenzék(1922-1939) Christian democracy
Hungarian National Socialist Party Magyar Nemzeti Szocialista Párt(1920s-1944) Nazism
Anti-semitism
Hungarian Turanism
Agrarian Party Agrár Párt(1926-?) Agrarianism
National conservatism
Christian National Opposition Party Keresztény Nemzeti Ellenzéki Párt(1931-?) Christian democracy
National conservatism
United Opposition Egyesült Ellenzék(1931-?)
Christian Economic Opposition Party Keresztény Gazdasági Ellenzéki Párt(1931-?) Christian democracy
United Hungarian National Socialist Party Egyesült Magyar Nemzeti Szocialista Párt(1933-1940) National socialism
National Legitimist Party Nemzeti Legitimista Néppárt(1935-1937) Christian democracy
Arrow Cross Party Nyilaskeresztes Párt(1935-1945) Hungarian Turanism
Fascism
Nazism
Christian National Front Keresztény Nemzeti Front(1935-?) Christian democracy
Reform Generation Reformnemzedék(1935-?)
Christian National Socialist Front Keresztény Nemzeti Szocialista Front(1937-1940) National socialism

During the Second Hungarian Republic (1946-1949)

NameAbbr.ActiveIdeologyPolitical position
Logo of the Civic Democratic Party (Hungary).svg
Civic Democratic Party
Polgári Demokrata Párt
PDP(1944-1949) Liberalism
National liberalism
Centre-right
No image.png
Hungarian Radical Party
Magyar Radikális Párt
MRP(1945-1949
1989-1998)
Social liberalism
Anti-communism
Left-wing
No image.png
Hungarian Freedom Party
Magyar Szabadság Párt
Szabadság párt(1946-1947
1956
1989-1999)
National conservatism
Anti-Communism
Right-wing
Hungarian Independence Party logo, 1947.svg
Hungarian Independence Party
Magyar Függetlenségi Párt
MFP(1947
1956
1989-1990)
National conservatism
Anti-Communism
Right-wing
No image.png
Independent Hungarian Democratic Party
Független Magyar Demokrata Párt
FMDP(1947-1949
1989-2011)v
Liberalism Centre
No image.png
Christian Women's League
Keresztény Női Tábor
KNT(1947-1949) Christian democracy
Christian feminism
Centre-right

During the Hungarian People's Republic (1949-1989)

NameAbbr.ActiveIdeologyPolitical position
Logo of the Hungarian Working People's Party.svg
Hungarian Working People's Party
Magyar Dolgozók Pártja
MDP(1948-1956) Marxism
Stalinism
Communism
Far-left
Logo of the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party (1989-1993).svg
Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party
Magyar Szocialista Munkáspárt
MSZMP(1956-1989) Kádárism
Marxism
Leninism
Far-left

During the Third Republic (since 1989)

NameAbbr.ActiveIdeologyPolitical position
No image.png
Democratic Coalition Party
Demokrata Koalíció Párt
DKP(1990-2001) Christian socialism Centre-left
No image.png
Democratic Party
Demokrata Párt
DEMP(1993-1994) Democratic liberalism Centre-left
Hungarian Democratic Forum
Magyar Demokrata Fórum
MDF(1987-2011) Conservatism Centre-right
Insignia Hungary Political Party SZDSZ.svg
Alliance of Free Democrats
Szabad Demokraták Szövetsége
SZDSZ(1988-2013) Social liberalism
Economic Liberalism
Centre
No image.png
Holy Crown Society
Szent Korona Társaság
SZKT(1989-1990) Monarchism Right-wing
MDNP logo.jpg
Hungarian Democratic People's Party
Magyar Demokrata Néppárt
MDNP(1996-2006) Conservatism
Christian democracy
Centre-right
No image.png
Humanist Party
Humanista Párt
HP(1993-2003-2012) Anti-globalization
Neohumanism
Centre-left
4K! – Fourth Republic!
4K! - Negyedik Köztársaság
4K!(2012-2016) Social Democracy
Left-wing Nationalism
Left-wing
Egyutt 2018 logo.svg
Together (Hungary)
Együtt - A korszakváltók pártja
Együtt(2013–2018) Social Democracy
Social Liberalism
Centre
Unity Party (Hungary, 2009)
Összefogás Párt
ÖP(2009–2018) Centrism
Third Way
Centre-right
MoMa Logo.svg
Modern Hungary Movement
Modern Magyarország Mozgalom
MoMa(2013–2019) Liberal conservatism
Pro-Europeanism
Centre-right

See also

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