|President of the|
Republic of Cape Verde
|Residence||Presidential Palace, Praia|
|Term length||5 years|
|Inaugural holder||Aristides Pereira|
|Formation||8 July 1975|
The following is a list of presidents of Cape Verde , since the establishment of the office of president in 1975.
|Elected||Term of office||Political party|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1|| Aristides Pereira |
|—||8 July 1975||22 March 1991||15 years, 257 days|| PAIGC |
(until 1981 )
| PAICV |
(from 1981 )
|2|| António Mascarenhas Monteiro |
| 1991 |
|22 March 1991||22 March 2001||10 years||MpD|
|3|| Pedro Pires |
| 2001 |
|22 March 2001||9 September 2011||10 years, 171 days||PAICV|
|4|| Jorge Carlos Fonseca |
| 2011 |
|9 September 2011||Incumbent||8 years, 160 days||MpD|
|Jorge Carlos Fonseca||Movement for Democracy||91,320||74.0|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
Politics of Cape Verde takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Cape Verde is the head of government and the President of the Republic of Cape Verde is the head of state, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the Government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The constitution first approved in 1980 and substantially revised in 1992 forms the basis of government organization. It declares that the government is the "organ that defines, leads, and executes the general internal and external policy of the country" and is responsible to the National Assembly.
The recorded history of Cape Verde begins with Portuguese discovery in 1456. Possible early references go back around 2000 years.
Pedro de Verona Rodrigues Pires was the President of Cape Verde from March 2001 to September 2011. Before becoming President, he was Prime Minister from 1975 to 1991.
The African Party of Independence of Cape Verde is a former socialist party and currently a social-democratic political party in Cape Verde. Its members are nicknamed "os tambarinas" in Portuguese, and they identify themselves with the color yellow.
The unicameral National Assembly is the legislative body of the Republic of Cape Verde.
Aristides Pereira International Airport is an airport in Cape Verde located on the island of Boa Vista, about 5 km southeast of the island capital Sal Rei. It is the third-busiest airport in the country.
Cape Verdean Cuban are Cuban citizens or residents whose ancestry originated in Cape Verde.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Cape Verde:
The economy of Cape Verde is a service-oriented economy that is focused on commerce, trade, transport and public services. Cape Verde is a small archipelagic nation that lacks resources and has experienced severe droughts. Agriculture is made difficult by lack of rain and is restricted to only four islands for most of the year. Cape Verde's economy has been steadily growing since the late 1990s, and it is now officially considered a country of average development, being only the second African country to have achieved such transition, after Botswana in 1994. Cape Verde has significant cooperation with Portugal at every level of the economy, which has led it to link its currency first to the Portuguese escudo and, in 1999, to the euro.
Cape Verde or Cabo Verde, officially the Republic of Cabo Verde, is an island country spanning an archipelago of 10 volcanic islands in the central Atlantic Ocean. It forms part of the Macaronesia ecoregion, along with the Azores, Canary Islands, Madeira, and the Savage Isles. Located 570 kilometres (350 mi) west of the Cape Verde Peninsula off the coast of Northwest Africa, the islands cover a combined area of slightly over 4,000 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi).
Jorge Carlos de Almeida FonsecaOICVV is a Cape Verdean politician, lawyer and university professor who has been President of Cape Verde since 2011. He served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1991 to 1993. Supported by the Movement for Democracy (MpD), he won the 2011 presidential election in a second round of voting. Presidential elections were held in Cape Verde on 2 October 2016, where he was re-elected with 74.08% of the vote.
The following lists events that happened during 2013 in Cape Verde.
José Ulisses de Pina Correia e Silva is a Cape Verdean businessman and politician who has been Prime Minister of Cape Verde since 22 April 2016.
The following lists events that happened during 2007 in Cape Verde.
The following lists events that happened during 2001 in Cape Verde.
The following lists events that happened during 1991 in Cape Verde.
The 1980 Guinea-Bissau coup d'état was the bloodless military coup that took place in Guinea-Bissau on 14 November 1980, led by Prime Minister General João Bernardo Vieira. It led to the deposition of President Luís Cabral, who held the office since 1973, while the country's War of Independence was still ongoing. Furthermore, it resulted in the abandonment of the proposed unification of Guinea-Bissau with Cape Verde, a fellow Lusophone West African country. The Cape Verdean branch of the PAIGC party broke away and formed the new PAICV party in January 1981 under the leadership of Aristides Pereira, President of Cape Verde and former Secretary-General of the PAIGC.