List of presidents of São Tomé and Príncipe

Last updated
President of the
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Presidente da República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
Coat of arms of Sao Tome and Principe.svg
WSIS FORUM 2015 Day 2 - Carlos Vila Nova (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Carlos Vila Nova

since 14 September 2021
Type Head of state
Residence Presidential Palace, São Tomé
Term length 5 years
Formation12 July 1975
First holder Manuel Pinto da Costa
Salary60,830,000 dobras annually [1]

This article lists the presidents of São Tomé and Príncipe , an island country in the Gulf of Guinea off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa, since the establishment of the office of president in 1975. Manuel Pinto da Costa was the first person to hold the office, taking effect on 12 July 1975. The current president is Carlos Vila Nova, having won election on 6 September 2021. [2]

Contents

List of officeholders

Political parties
   Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP/PSD)
   Democratic Convergence Party (PCD)
   Independent Democratic Action (ADI)
   Force for Change Democratic Movement – Liberal Party (MDFM – PL)
Other factions
   Military
   Independent
Symbols
  Denotes Acting President
No.PortraitName
(Birth–Death)
Term of officePolitical partyElected
Took officeLeft officeTime in office
1 Manuel Pinto da Costa.jpg Manuel Pinto da Costa
(born 1937)
12 July 19754 March 199115 years, 235 days MLSTP/PSD
Leonel Mario d'Alva 1977.jpg Leonel Mário d'Alva
(born 1935)
4 March 19913 April 199130 days PCD
2 Visit of Miguel Trovoada, President of Sao Tome and Principe, to the EC (cropped).jpg Miguel Trovoada
(born 1936)
3 April 199115 August 1995
(deposed)
4 years, 134 days ADI 1991
Noimage.png Lieutenant
Manuel Quintas de Almeida
(1957–2006)
Chairman of the National Salvation Junta
15 August 199521 August 19958 days Military
(2) Visit of Miguel Trovoada, President of Sao Tome and Principe, to the EC (cropped).jpg Miguel Trovoada
(born 1936)
21 August 19953 September 20016 years, 19 days ADI 1996
3 SaoTomePrincipe.FradiqueMenezes.01.jpg Fradique de Menezes
(born 1942)
3 September 200116 July 2003
(deposed)
1 year, 316 days MDFM – PL 2001
Noimage.png Major
Fernando Pereira
(born 1963)
Chairman of the Military Junta of National Salvation
16 July 200323 July 20037 days Military
(3) SaoTomePrincipe.FradiqueMenezes.01.jpg Fradique de Menezes
(born 1942)
23 July 20033 September 20118 years, 42 days MDFM – PL 2006
(1) Manuel Pinto da Costa.jpg Manuel Pinto da Costa
(born 1937)
3 September 20113 September 20165 years Independent 2011
4 Evaristo Carvalho 2016.jpg Evaristo Carvalho
(born 1941)
3 September 201614 September 20215 years, 13 days ADI 2016
5 WSIS FORUM 2015 Day 2 - Carlos Vila Nova (cropped).jpg Carlos Vila Nova
(born 1959)
14 September 2021Incumbent ADI 2021

Timeline

Evaristo CarvalhoFernando Pereira (major)Fradique de MenezesManuel Quintas de AlmeidaMiguel TrovoadaLeonel Mário d'AlvaManuel Pinto da CostaList of presidents of Sao Tome and Principe


Latest election

CandidatePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Carlos Vila Nova Independent Democratic Action 32,02239.4745,48157.54
Guilherme Posser da Costa MLSTP–PSD 16,82920.7533,55742.46
Delfim Neves Democratic Convergence Party 13,69116.88
Abel Bom JesusIndependent2,9073.58
Maria das Neves Independent2,6963.32
Júlio Silva Movement of Independent Citizens 1.99
Victor MonteiroIndependent1.82
Moisés ViegasIndependent1.63
Carlos Neves MDFMUDD
Elsa Garrido MSD–PVSTP
Elsa Teixeira Pinto Independent
Eugénio TinyIndependent
Aurélio Martins Independent
Jorge AmadoIndependent
Manuel do RosárioIndependent
Carlos StockIndependent
Miques JoãoIndependent
Olinto das NevesIndependent
Roberto GarridoIndependent
Total79,038100.00
Valid votes81,12397.1079,03898.14
Invalid/blank votes2,4242.901,4971.86
Total votes83,547100.0080,535100.00
Registered voters/turnout123,30167.76123,30165.32
Source: STP-Press, STP-Press

See also

Related Research Articles

History of São Tomé and Príncipe Aspect of history

The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe were uninhabited at the time of the arrival of the Portuguese sometime between 1469 and 1471. After the islands were discovered by the explorers João de Santarém and Pêro Escobar, Portuguese navigators explored the islands and decided they would be a good location for bases to trade with the mainland.

Politics of São Tomé and Príncipe

The politics of São Tomé and Príncipe takes place in a framework of a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of São Tomé and Príncipe is head of state and the Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe is head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. São Tomé has functioned under a multiparty system since 1990. Following the promulgation of a new constitution in 1990, São Tomé and Príncipe held multiparty elections for the first time since independence. Shortly after the constitution took effect, the National Assembly formally legalized opposition parties. Independent candidates also were permitted to participate in the January 1991 legislative elections.

Flag of São Tomé and Príncipe National flag

The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe consists of a red triangle situated at the hoist, with three horizontal green, yellow and green bands charged with two five-pointed black stars at the centre. Adopted in 1975 to replace the flag of Portugal from the colonial period, it has been the flag of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe since the country gained independence in that same year. The design of the present flag was inspired by and is almost identical to the flag of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe.

Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe – Social Democratic Party Political party in São Tomé and Príncipe

The Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe – Social Democratic Party is one of the main political parties in São Tomé and Príncipe. Jorge Bom Jesus is the current president of the party.

Miguel Trovoada

Miguel dos Anjos da Cunha Lisboa Trovoada was Prime Minister (1975–1979) and President (1991–2001) of São Tomé and Príncipe. On 16 July 2014, he was appointed the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS). Prior to this, he was the Executive Secretary of the Gulf of Guinea Commission.

Independent Democratic Action Political party in São Tomé and Príncipe

The Independent Democratic Action is a political party in São Tomé and Príncipe. It was established in 1994 by the then president Miguel Trovoada and is a politically centrist party.

Elections in São Tomé and Príncipe Political elections for public offices in São Tomé and Príncipe

Elections in São Tomé and Príncipe gives information on election and election results in São Tomé and Príncipe.

National Assembly (São Tomé and Príncipe)

The National Assembly is the unicameral legislative body of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe.

Patrice Trovoada

Patrice Émery Trovoada is a São Toméan politician who was Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from November 2014 to December 2018. He previously served as Prime Minister from February 2008 to June 2008 and again from August 2010 to December 2012.

São Tomé and Príncipe–United States relations Bilateral relations

São Tomé and Príncipe – United States relations are bilateral relations between São Tomé and Príncipe and the United States. The U.S. Ambassador based at the embassy in Libreville, Gabon is accredited to Sao Tome on a non-resident basis. The Ambassador and Embassy staff make regular visits to the islands. The US State Department has described relations with São Tomé and Príncipe as excellent.

Outline of São Tomé and Príncipe Overview of and topical guide to São Tomé and Príncipe

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to São Tomé and Príncipe:

São Tomé and Príncipe Country in the Gulf of Guinea

São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is an island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, about 140 km (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 km off the northwestern coast of Gabon. With a population of 201,800, São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest and second-least populous African sovereign state after Seychelles as well as the smallest and least populous Portuguese-speaking country.

2011 São Toméan presidential election

Presidential elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe in 2011, the first round beginning on 17 July 2011 with a run-off held on 7 August 2011. Incumbent President Fradique de Menezes has served the maximum two terms and could not constitutionally seek a third term. The final result saw former president Manuel Pinto da Costa, aged 74, elected in a narrow victory against Speaker of Parliament Evaristo Carvalho.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities is a ministry of the Government of São Tomé and Príncipe. The current Minister is Edite Tenjua, appointed in 2020.

The following is a timeline of the capital city of São Tomé as well as Água Grande District in the island of São Tomé. São Tomé and Príncipe.

Jorge Bom Jesus Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe (2018-present)

Jorge Lopes Bom Jesus, also known as JBJ, is a linguist and politician from São Tomé. He is the current Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe. He is a member of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD). Leader of the opposition to Patrice Trovoada, he became prime minister of his country on 3 December 2018.

2021 São Toméan presidential election Election of Carlos Vila Nova as President of São Tomé and Príncipe

Presidential elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe on 18 July 2021. As no presidential candidate received a majority of the vote, a second round was originally scheduled to be held on 8 August 2021. However, following an objection to the first-round result, the second round was postponed to 29 August 2021, and later postponed again to 5 September 2021.

Carlos Vila Nova São Toméan politician

Carlos Manuel Vila Nova is a São Toméan politician who has served as the fifth and current President of São Tomé and Príncipe since 2021. He served as Minister of Public Works and Natural Resources (2010–2012) and Minister of Infrastructure, Natural Resources and the Environment (2014–2018) in successive governments of Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada.

References

  1. "ESTRUTURA REMUNERATÓRIA - INAC". financas.gov.st.
  2. "Tribunal Constitucional confirma Carlos Vila Nova como Presidente de São Tomé e Príncipe". África 21 Digital (in Portuguese). 2021-09-14. Retrieved 2021-09-16.