|President of the|
Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Presidente da República Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe
|Type||Head of state|
|Residence||Presidential Palace, São Tomé|
|Term length||5 years|
|Formation||12 July 1975|
|First holder||Manuel Pinto da Costa|
|Salary||60,830,000 dobras annually|
This article lists the presidents of São Tomé and Príncipe , an island country in the Gulf of Guinea off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa, since the establishment of the office of president in 1975. Manuel Pinto da Costa was the first person to hold the office, taking effect on 12 July 1975. The current president is Carlos Vila Nova, having won election on 6 September 2021.
|Term of office||Political party||Elected|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|1|| Manuel Pinto da Costa |
|12 July 1975||4 March 1991||15 years, 235 days||MLSTP/PSD||—|
|–|| Leonel Mário d'Alva |
|4 March 1991||3 April 1991||30 days||PCD||—|
|2|| Miguel Trovoada |
|3 April 1991||15 August 1995|
|4 years, 134 days||ADI||1991|
|–|| Lieutenant |
Manuel Quintas de Almeida
Chairman of the National Salvation Junta
|15 August 1995||21 August 1995||8 days||Military||—|
|(2)|| Miguel Trovoada |
|21 August 1995||3 September 2001||6 years, 19 days||ADI||1996|
|3|| Fradique de Menezes |
|3 September 2001||16 July 2003|
|1 year, 316 days||MDFM – PL||2001|
|–|| Major |
Chairman of the Military Junta of National Salvation
|16 July 2003||23 July 2003||7 days||Military||—|
|(3)|| Fradique de Menezes |
|23 July 2003||3 September 2011||8 years, 42 days||MDFM – PL||2006|
|(1)|| Manuel Pinto da Costa |
|3 September 2011||3 September 2016||5 years||Independent||2011|
|4|| Evaristo Carvalho |
|3 September 2016||14 September 2021||5 years, 13 days||ADI||2016|
|5|| Carlos Vila Nova |
|14 September 2021||Incumbent||ADI||2021|
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Carlos Vila Nova||Independent Democratic Action||32,022||39.47||45,481||57.54|
|Guilherme Posser da Costa||MLSTP–PSD||16,829||20.75||33,557||42.46|
|Delfim Neves||Democratic Convergence Party||13,691||16.88|
|Abel Bom Jesus||Independent||2,907||3.58|
|Maria das Neves||Independent||2,696||3.32|
|Júlio Silva||Movement of Independent Citizens||1.99|
|Elsa Teixeira Pinto||Independent|
|Manuel do Rosário||Independent|
|Olinto das Neves||Independent|
|Source: STP-Press, STP-Press|
|São Tomé and Príncipeportal|
The islands of São Tomé and Príncipe were uninhabited at the time of the arrival of the Portuguese sometime between 1469 and 1471. After the islands were discovered by the explorers João de Santarém and Pêro Escobar, Portuguese navigators explored the islands and decided they would be a good location for bases to trade with the mainland.
The politics of São Tomé and Príncipe takes place in a framework of a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of São Tomé and Príncipe is head of state and the Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe is head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the President and the Government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. São Tomé has functioned under a multiparty system since 1990. Following the promulgation of a new constitution in 1990, São Tomé and Príncipe held multiparty elections for the first time since independence. Shortly after the constitution took effect, the National Assembly formally legalized opposition parties. Independent candidates also were permitted to participate in the January 1991 legislative elections.
The flag of São Tomé and Príncipe consists of a red triangle situated at the hoist, with three horizontal green, yellow and green bands charged with two five-pointed black stars at the centre. Adopted in 1975 to replace the flag of Portugal from the colonial period, it has been the flag of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe since the country gained independence in that same year. The design of the present flag was inspired by and is almost identical to the flag of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe.
The Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe – Social Democratic Party is one of the main political parties in São Tomé and Príncipe. Jorge Bom Jesus is the current president of the party.
Miguel dos Anjos da Cunha Lisboa Trovoada was Prime Minister (1975–1979) and President (1991–2001) of São Tomé and Príncipe. On 16 July 2014, he was appointed the Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary-General and Head of the United Nations Integrated Peacebuilding Office in Guinea-Bissau (UNIOGBIS). Prior to this, he was the Executive Secretary of the Gulf of Guinea Commission.
The Independent Democratic Action is a political party in São Tomé and Príncipe. It was established in 1994 by the then president Miguel Trovoada and is a politically centrist party.
Elections in São Tomé and Príncipe gives information on election and election results in São Tomé and Príncipe.
The National Assembly is the unicameral legislative body of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe.
Patrice Émery Trovoada is a São Toméan politician who was Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe from November 2014 to December 2018. He previously served as Prime Minister from February 2008 to June 2008 and again from August 2010 to December 2012.
São Tomé and Príncipe – United States relations are bilateral relations between São Tomé and Príncipe and the United States. The U.S. Ambassador based at the embassy in Libreville, Gabon is accredited to Sao Tome on a non-resident basis. The Ambassador and Embassy staff make regular visits to the islands. The US State Department has described relations with São Tomé and Príncipe as excellent.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to São Tomé and Príncipe:
São Tomé and Príncipe, officially the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, is an island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, about 140 km (87 mi) apart and about 250 and 225 km off the northwestern coast of Gabon. With a population of 201,800, São Tomé and Príncipe is the second-smallest and second-least populous African sovereign state after Seychelles as well as the smallest and least populous Portuguese-speaking country.
Presidential elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe in 2011, the first round beginning on 17 July 2011 with a run-off held on 7 August 2011. Incumbent President Fradique de Menezes has served the maximum two terms and could not constitutionally seek a third term. The final result saw former president Manuel Pinto da Costa, aged 74, elected in a narrow victory against Speaker of Parliament Evaristo Carvalho.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Communities is a ministry of the Government of São Tomé and Príncipe. The current Minister is Edite Tenjua, appointed in 2020.
The following is a timeline of the capital city of São Tomé as well as Água Grande District in the island of São Tomé. São Tomé and Príncipe.
Jorge Lopes Bom Jesus, also known as JBJ, is a linguist and politician from São Tomé. He is the current Prime Minister of São Tomé and Príncipe. He is a member of the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe/Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD). Leader of the opposition to Patrice Trovoada, he became prime minister of his country on 3 December 2018.
Presidential elections were held in São Tomé and Príncipe on 18 July 2021. As no presidential candidate received a majority of the vote, a second round was originally scheduled to be held on 8 August 2021. However, following an objection to the first-round result, the second round was postponed to 29 August 2021, and later postponed again to 5 September 2021.
Carlos Manuel Vila Nova is a São Toméan politician who has served as the fifth and current President of São Tomé and Príncipe since 2021. He served as Minister of Public Works and Natural Resources (2010–2012) and Minister of Infrastructure, Natural Resources and the Environment (2014–2018) in successive governments of Prime Minister Patrice Trovoada.