List of presidents of the Senate of France

Last updated

President of the
French Senate
Président du Sénat français (French)
French Senate Logo.svg
Logo of the French Senate
Portrait G. Larcher 2014 (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Gérard Larcher

since 1 October 2014
Senate of France
Type Presiding officer
Member of French Parliament
Residence Petit Luxembourg
Term length 3 years,
renewable
Formation28 October 1795
First holder Claude-Antoine Rudel
Succession 1st
Website Official website

This article lists the presidents of the Senate of France (French : Président du Sénat français; official translation: Speaker of the Senate [1] ) and assimilated chambers.

Contents

The Senate is the upper house of the French Parliament. It is presided over by a president. Although there had been Senates in both the First and Second Empires, these had not technically been legislative bodies, but rather advisory bodies on the model of the Roman Senate. France's first experience with an upper house was under the Directory from 1795 to 1799, when the Council of Ancients was the upper chamber. With the Restoration in 1814, a new Chamber of Peers was created, on the model of the British House of Lords. At first it contained hereditary peers, but following the July Revolution of 1830, it became a body to which one was appointed for life. The Second Republic returned to a unicameral system after 1848, but soon after the establishment of the Second Empire in 1852, a Senate was established as the upper chamber. In the Fourth Republic, the Senate was renamed the Council of the Republic, but its function was largely the same. With the new constitution of the Fifth Republic in 1959, the older name of Senate was restored.

Acting President of the French Republic

The president of the Senate, in addition to his duties as presiding officer of the upper house of parliament, is also, according to the Constitution of the Fifth Republic, first in line of succession in case of death, resignation, or removal by impeachment of the president, thus becoming Acting President of the Republic until a new election can be held. [2] This has already occurred twice. Alain Poher, the president of the French Senate, served as Acting President of France from 28 April until 20 June 1969 (between the resignation of President Charles de Gaulle and the installation of his elected successor President Georges Pompidou) and again from 3 April until 27 May 1974 (between the death of President Georges Pompidou and the installation of his elected successor President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing).

List of officeholders

Under the Directory (1795–1799)

Presidents of the Council of Ancients :

PortraitNameTook officeLeft office
BONNEFOY(1897) p4.761 RUDEL du MIRAL (Claude-Antoine).jpg Claude-Antoine Rudel 28 October 179528 October 1795
Louis-Marie de La Revelliere-Lepeaux par Gerard.jpg Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux 28 October 17952 November 1795
Baudin des Ardennes-portrait.jpg Pierre-Charles-Louis Baudin 2 November 179523 November 1795
AduC 105 Tronchet (F.D., 1726-1806).JPG François Denis Tronchet 23 November 179522 December 1795
Theodore Vernier.jpg Théodore Vernier 22 December 179522 January 1796
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Guillaume François Charles Goupil de Préfelne 22 January 179620 February 1796
Robert Lefevre, "Claude Ambroise Regnier, Duc de Massa" (1808).jpg Claude Ambroise Régnier 20 February 179621 March 1796
Jacques Antoine Creuze-Latouche (1749-1800).png Jacques Antoine Creuzé-Latouche 21 March 179620 April 1796
Jean Barthelemy Le Couteulx de Canteleu.png Jean-Barthélémy Le Couteulx de Canteleu 20 April 179620 May 1796
Charles-Francois Lebrun, duc de Plaisance.png Charles-François Lebrun 20 May 179619 June 1796
Jean-Etienne-Marie Portalis by Pierre Gautherot.jpg Jean-Étienne-Marie Portalis 19 June 179619 July 1796
Jean Dussaulx.jpg Jean Dussaulx 19 July 179618 August 1796
Eymar - Honore Muraire, comte de l'Empire, ne le 5 novembre 1750 a Draguignan.jpg Honoré Muraire 18 August 179623 September 1796
Pierre Roger Ducos par Edme Quenedey.jpg Roger Ducos 23 September 179622 October 1796
Jean-Girard Lacuee.png Jean-Gérard Lacuée, count of Cessac 22 October 179621 November 1796
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jean-Jacques Bréard 21 November 179621 December 1796
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Boniface Paradis 21 December 179620 January 1797
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Sébastien Ligeret de Beauvais 20 January 179719 February 1797
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Joseph Clément Poullain de Grandprey 19 February 179721 March 1797
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jean-François-Bertrand Delmas 21 March 179720 April 1797
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Edme-Bonaventure Courtois 20 April 179720 May 1797
Barbe de Marbois.jpg François Barbé-Marbois 20 May 179719 June 1797
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Louis Bernard de Saint-Affrique 19 June 179719 July 1797
Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours (1739-1817).jpg Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours 19 July 179718 August 1797
Suzanne Caron.- Portrait d'Andre-Daniel Laffon de Ladebat, 1763.png André-Daniel Laffon de Ladebat 18 August 17974 September 1797
General Jean-Antoine Marbot (1754-1800).png Jean-Antoine Marbot 6 September 179723 September 1797
Ansiaux - Emmanuel Cretet, comte de Champmol (1747-1809).jpg Emmanuel Crétet 23 September 179722 October 1797
Jean-Pierre Lacombe-Saint-Michel.jpg Jean-Pierre Lacombe-Saint-Michel 22 October 179721 November 1797
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jean François Philibert Rossée 21 November 179721 December 1797
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jean-Baptiste Marragon 21 December 179720 January 1798
Jean Rousseau 2.png Jean Rousseau 20 January 179819 February 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Pardoux Bordas 19 February 179821 March 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Étienne Mollevaut 21 March 179820 April 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jacques Poisson de Coudreville 20 April 179820 May 1798
Robert Lefevre, "Claude Ambroise Regnier, Duc de Massa" (1808).jpg Claude Ambroise Régnier 20 May 179819 June 1798
General Jean-Antoine Marbot (1754-1800).png Jean-Antoine Marbot 19 June 179819 July 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Étienne Maynaud de Bizefranc de Laveaux 19 July 179818 August 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Pierre Antoine Laloy 18 August 179823 September 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Benoît Michel Decomberousse 23 September 179822 October 1798
Allais - Emmanuel Peres de Lagesse.jpg Emmanuel Pérès de Lagesse 22 October 179821 November 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jean-Augustin Moreau de Vormes 21 November 179821 December 1798
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jean-Baptiste Perrin des Vosges 21 December 179820 January 1799
Dominique Joseph Garat.JPG Dominique Joseph Garat 20 January 179919 February 1799
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Jean-Aimé Delacoste 19 February 179921 March 1799
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Mathieu Depère 21 March 179920 April 1799
Claude-Pierre Dellay d'Agier (1750-1827).jpg Claude-Pierre de Delay d'Agier 20 April 179920 May 1799
Le Vachez Collection - Claude-Christophe Gourdan (1744-1804).jpg Charles Claude Christophe Gourdan 20 May 179919 June 1799
Baudin des Ardennes-portrait.jpg Pierre-Charles-Louis Baudin 19 June 179919 July 1799
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Louis Dubois du Bais 19 July 179918 August 1799
Buste Augustin Cornet.JPG Mathieu-Augustin Cornet 18 August 179924 September 1799
Conseil des anciens sans txt.svg Joseph Cornudet des Chaumettes 24 September 179923 October 1799
Louis-Nicolas Lemercier (1755-1849).jpg Louis-Nicolas Lemercier 23 October 179910 November 1799

Under the Consulate (1799–1804)

Presidents of the Sénat conservateur :

PortraitNameTook officeLeft office
Jacques-Louis David - Portrait of Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes - WGA06098.jpg Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès 27 December 179913 February 1800
Francois Barthelemy.gif François Barthélemy 13 February 180027 February 1801
AduC 105 Tronchet (F.D., 1726-1806).JPG François Denis Tronchet 27 February 18012 August 1801
Francois Christophe Kellermann 2.png François Christophe Kellermann 2 August 180118 January 1802
Louis-Nicolas Lemercier (1755-1849).jpg Louis-Nicolas Lemercier 18 January 18024 August 1802

Under the First Empire (1804–1814)

Presidents of the Sénat conservateur :

PortraitNameTook officeLeft office
Neufchateau, Francois de.jpg François de Neufchâteau 19 May 180419 May 1806
Gaspard monge litho delpech.jpg Gaspard Monge 19 May 18061 July 1807
B G de Lacepede.jpg Bernard Germain de Lacépède 1 July 18071 July 1808
Medaille en vermeil Senat conservateur (Constitution de l'an VIII) sans txt.svg Jean-Denis-René de Saint-Vallier 1 July 18081 July 1809
Medaille en vermeil Senat conservateur (Constitution de l'an VIII) sans txt.svg Germain Garnier 1 July 18091 July 1811
B G de Lacepede.jpg Bernard Germain de Lacépède 1 July 18111 July 1813
Francois Barthelemy.gif François Barthélemy 1 July 18131 July 1814

Under the Bourbon Restoration (1814–1830)

Presidents of the Chamber of Peers:

PortraitNameTook officeLeft office
Dambray.jpg Charles-Henri, chevalier Dambray 4 June 181420 March 1815
Maurin - Cambaceres.png Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès 2 June 18157 July 1815
Dambray.jpg Charles-Henri, chevalier Dambray 12 October 181512 December 1829
Hippolyte Delaroche - Marquis de Pastoret - Google Art Project.jpg Claude-Emmanuel, marquis de Pastoret 17 December 18293 August 1830

Under the July Monarchy (1830–1848)

Presidents of the Chamber of Peers:

PortraitNameTook officeLeft office
Etienne-Denis Pasquier.jpg Étienne-Denis Pasquier 3 August 183024 February 1848

Under the Second Empire (1852–1870)

Presidents of the Senate:

PortraitNameTook officeLeft officePolitical party
Jerome Bonaparte.png Jérôme Bonaparte 28 January 185230 November 1852 Bonapartist
Troplong par Petit.jpg Raymond-Theodore Troplong 30 December 18521 March 1869 Bonapartist
Adrien Marie Devienne (1858-1869).jpg Adrien Marie Devienne 3 March 186920 July 1869 Bonapartist
Eugene Rouher painted by Alexandre Cabanel, ca. 1861.jpg Eugène Rouher 20 July 18694 September 1870 Bonapartist

Under the Third Republic (1870–1940)

Presidents of the Senate:

PortraitNameTook officeLeft officePolitical party
Gaston d'Audiffret-Pasquier.jpg Gaston Audiffret-Pasquier 13 March 187615 January 1879Conservative
Louis Martel.png Louis Martel 15 January 187925 May 1880Conservative
Leon Say (1826-1896).jpg Léon Say 25 May 18802 February 1882 Republican
Philippe Le Royer - photo J.M. Lopez.jpg Philippe Le Royer 2 February 188224 February 1893 Republican
Julesferry.jpg Jules Ferry 24 February 189317 March 1893 Left Republican
ETH-BIB-Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour (1827-1896), Professor am eidg. Polytechnikum 1856-1859-Portrait-Portr 05548.tif (cropped).jpg Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour 27 March 189316 January 1896 Opportunist Republican
Emile Loubet by Paul Nadar c1900.jpg Émile Loubet 16 January 189618 February 1899 Left Republican
Armand Fallieres Paris.jpg Armand Fallières 3 March 189917 January 1906 Democratic Republican Alliance
Antonin Dubost.jpg Antonin Dubost 16 February 190614 January 1920 Democratic Republican Alliance
Leon Bourgeois.jpg Léon Bourgeois 14 January 192022 February 1923 Radical
Gaston Doumergue 1924.jpg Gaston Doumergue 22 February 192313 June 1924 Radical
Justin de Selves.jpg Justin de Selves 19 June 19249 January 1927 Radical
Paul Doumer portrait.jpg Paul Doumer 14 January 192713 May 1931 Radical
Albert Lebrun 1932 (2) (cropped 2).jpg Albert Lebrun 11 June 193110 May 1932 Democratic Alliance
Jules Jeanneney.jpg Jules Jeanneney 3 June 19329 July 1940 Radical

Under the Fourth Republic (1946–1958)

Presidents of the Council of the Republic:

Political party
   MRP    Radical

PortraitNameTook officeLeft officePolitical party
Auguste Champetier de Ribes.png Auguste Champetier de Ribes 27 December 19466 March 1947 MRP
Gaston Monnerville en 1947.JPG Gaston Monnerville 18 March 19472 October 1958 Radical

Under the Fifth Republic (1958–present)

Presidents of the Senate:

Political party
   Radical    CD; CDS; FD    RPR; UMP; LR    PS

PortraitNameTook officeLeft officePolitical party
Gaston Monnerville en 1947.JPG Gaston Monnerville 9 December 19582 October 1968 Radical
23.04.1969. A Poher. (1969) - 53Fi3443 (cropped).jpg Alain Poher 3 October 19681 October 1992 CD (until 1976)
CDS (from 1976;
within the UDF from 1978)
Rene Monory (cropped).jpg René Monory 2 October 19921 October 1998 CDS (until 1995)
FD (from 1995;
within the UDF)
Christian Poncelet par Claude Truong-Ngoc octobre 2013.jpg Christian Poncelet 2 October 199830 September 2008 RPR (until 2002)
UMP (from 2002)
Portrait G. Larcher 2014 (cropped).jpg Gérard Larcher 1 October 200830 September 2011 UMP
Jean-Pierre Bel (cropped).jpg Jean-Pierre Bel 1 October 201130 September 2014 PS
Portrait G. Larcher 2014 (cropped).jpg Gérard Larcher 1 October 2014Incumbent UMP (until 2015)
LR (since 2015)

See also

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References

  1. "The Speaker of the Senate". senat.fr. Senate (France). Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  2. The exact title is "President of the Senate, exercising provisionally the functions of the President of the Republic"; see how Alain Poher is referred to on signing statutes into law, e.g. law 69-412 Archived 28 July 2020 at the Wayback Machine