This is a list of Spanish ships of the line (comprising the battlefleet) built or acquired during the period 1640-1854: Those with 94 or more guns were three-deckers, while all the others listed were two-deckers. Those ships with secular names (e.g. royal, geographical or adjectival names) were additionally given an official religious name (or advocación) which appears below in parenthesis following the secular name.
Until 1716 there was not one single Spanish Navy but several naval forces, of which the Armada del Mar Océano was the primary one but several other distinct forces existed. The Real Armada ("Royal Navy") was created by the newly-established Bourbon government in 1716, but the other armadas (in Spanish, the word "armada" is used for both "navy" and "fleet") endured for several years thereafter. During the early 1750s, the term Real Armada was replaced by Armada Española.
Nuestra Señora de la Concepción y las Animas 94 guns (1687 at Colindres) Spain's first three-decked warship
Santisima Trinidad 80 guns (1692 at Colindres)
San Juan 56 (1683) - captured in August 1692
Nuestra Señora de la Concepción class. These two ships served as the capitana (flagship) and almiranta (second-in-command flagship) respectively of the Armada del Mar del Sur. They were both reduced to 30 guns when substantively rebuilt in 1726-28.
Nuestra Señora de la Concepción 50 (launched 1692 at Guayaquil) - broken up in 1744
Santisima Sacramento 50 (launched 1692 at Guayaquil) - broken up in 1743
San Francisco 70 (1695) - no report after 1700
Nuestra Señora del Rosario 42 (acquired 1696 at Veracruz). wrecked in September 1705
Santa Maria de Tezanos y Las Animas 60 (1697) - foundered 14 November 1701
Sagrario 60 (launched 1697 at Zorroza)
Santo Cristo de San Roman 50 (1698) - wrecked 31 July 1715
Nuestra Señora de la Almudena y San Cayetano 50 (1699) - broken up 1708
San José class. These two ships served as the capitana (flagship) and almiranta (second-in-command flagship) respectively of the Armada de la Carrera de Indias.
San José 60 (launched 1698 at Orio) - blown up on 8 June 1708
San Joaquín 60 (launched 1698 at Orio) - captured on 7 August 1711
Nuestra Señora de Begoña 60 (1699) - broken up 1710
Nuestra Señora del Carmen 30 (1699) - lost at Vigo
San Juan Bautista 50 (1700) - wrecked in September 1702
Rubí 50 (Acquired 1700) - Wrecked 1727
The Early Bourbon fleet - 1701 to 1728
Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe 50/58 (Acquired 1703) - Wrecked 1724
Príncipe de Asturias 70 (1695, ex-Genovese, sold 1717, ex-French Cumberland, sold 1715, ex-British HMS Cumberland 80, captured 1707) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Passaro 11 August 1718, sold to Austria 1720, renamed San Carlos, finally to Neapolitan Navy as San Carlo (thus earning the distinction of service in six countries' navies). BU 1733.
Santa Rosa Palermo (Santa Rosalia) 60 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Scuttled 1719
Victoria 60 (1717?, ex-Piedmontese, captured 1718) - Scuttled 1719
Princesa (Santa Barbara) 74 (launched 15 September 1750 at Havana) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 16 January 1780, renamed HMS Princessa, BU 1809
Infante (San Luis Gonzaga) 70/74 (launched 20 June 1750 at Havana) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, renamed HMS Infanta, sold 1775
Galicia (Santiago el Mayor) 70/74 (launched 3 August 1750 at Havana) - Stricken 1797
The English phase - 1750 to 1769
Note that surviving 68-gun ships were re-rated as 70 guns at end 1766 and as 74-gun ships in 1793.
San Fernando class
San Fernando 64 (launched 1751 at Ferrol) - Wrecked 3 January 1769
Castilla 64 (launched 1751 at Ferrol) - wrecked 1771
Asia 64 (launched 17 March 1752 at Ferrol) - Scuttled 11 June 1762 at Havana
Septentrion 64 (launched 26 December 1751 at Cartagena) - Wrecked 1783
África class all ordered 1751-57 at Cadiz (Carraca Dyd), 68 guns
África 68 (launched 20 November 1752 at Cadiz) - stricken 8 August 1806 and BU 1809
Firme 68 (launched 22 June 1754 at Cadiz) - Captured by Britain 22 July 1805, retaining same name, BU 1814
Aquiles 68 (launched 5 September 1754 at Cadiz) - Stricken 7 August 1790
España 68 (launched 1 June 1757 at Cádiz) - Stricken to BU 12 December 1807
Eolo class all ordered 1752 at Ferrol (Esteiro Dyd), 68 guns
Eolo (San Juan de Dios) 68 (launched 1753 at Ferrol) - Stricken 20 March 1864
Oriente (San Diego de Alcala) 68 (launched 15 August 1753 at Ferrol) - Stricken 27 September 1806
Aquilón (San Dámaso) 68 (launched 10 March 1754 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, retaining same name, later renamed HMS Moro, BU 1770
Neptuno (San Justo) 68 (launched 6 July 1754 at Ferrol) - Scuttled 11 August 1762
Magnánimo (San Pastor) 68 (launched 30 November 1754 at Ferrol) - Wrecked 12 July 1794
Gallardo (San Juan de Sahagún) 68 (launched 18 October 1754 at Ferrol) - Scuttled 16 February 1797
Brillante (San Dionisio) 68 (launched 20 August 1754 at Ferrol) - Burnt 10 October 1790
Vencedor (San Julian) 68 (launched 11 June 1755 at Ferrol) - transferred to France 1806, renamed Argonaute, captured by Spain 1808, renamed Vencedor, wrecked 1810
Glorioso (San Francisco Javier) 74 (launched 29 January 1755 at Ferrol) - stricken 5 May 1818 to BU
Guerrero (San Raimundo) 68 (launched 27 March 1755 at Ferrol) - BU 1844
Soberano (San Gregorio) 68 (launched 9 August 1755 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at Havana on 14 August 1762, retaining same name, BU 1770
Héctor (San Bernardo) 68 (launched 22 September 1755 at Ferrol) - stricken 11 June 1768 and BU 1790
Serio class, all ordered April 1852 at Guarnizo
Serio 68 (launched December 1753 at Guarnizo) - BU 1805
Poderoso 68 (launched January 1754 at Guarnizo) - Wrecked 1779
Soberbio 68 (launched March 1754 at Guarnizo) - Stricken 23 June 1764
Arrogante 68 (launched March 1754 at Guarnizo) - Scuttled 16 February 1797
Hércules 68 (launched 1755 or 56 at Guarnizo) - stricken 4 July 1761
Contento 68 (launched 1756 at Guarnizo) - stricken 6 October 1761
Tridente 64 (launched 15 July 1754 at Cartagena) - Stricken 1771
Terrible class both ordered 1754 at Cartagena, 68 guns
Terrible 68 (launched 10 November 1754 at Cartagena) - Stricken 1811
Atlante 68 (launched 21 December 1754 at Cartagena) - transferred to France 22 September 1801, renamed Atlas 1803, captured by Spain 1808, same name, BU 1817
Arrogante 68 (-) - Burnt on stocks at Ferrol, 1754
Triunfante class all ordered 1752-54 at Ferrol (Esteiro Dyd), 68 guns
Triunfante 68 (launched 1 February 1756 at Ferrol) - Wrecked 5 January 1795
Dichoso 68 (launched 18 March 1756 at Ferrol) - Stricken 15 October 1784
Monarca 68 (launched 13 June 1756 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, retaining same name, sold 1791
Diligente 68 (launched 25 September 1756 at Ferrol) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape Santa Maria, 1780, renamed HMS Diligence, BU 1784
Peruano 50 (launched 1757 at Guayaquil) - Sold 26 January1790
Campeón 60 (launched 27 January 1758 at Ferrol) - Hulked 1778, BU 1824
Conquistador 60 (launched 29 July 1758 at Cádiz) - Captured by Britain 11 August 1762, retaining same name, stricken 1782
Astuto (San Eustaquio) 58/60 (launched 10 April 1759 at Havana) - BU 1810
Príncipe Class 68 guns, later 70
Príncipe 68/70 (launched 23 December 1759 at Guarnizo) - Sold 15 May 1776
Victorioso 68/70 (launched early 1760 at Guarnizo) - Sold 15 May 1776
San Carlos Class, 80 guns
San Carlos 80 (-) - Destroyed on stocks at Havana, 1762
Santiago 80 (-) - Destroyed on stocks at Havana, 1762
Buen Consejo 60 (purchased 18 November 1761 at Genoa) - stricken 8 July 1762
San Genaro 60 (launched 27 October 1761 at Havana) - Captured by Britain at Havana on 14 August 1762, retaining same name, lost 1763
San Antonio 60 (launched 17 December 1761 at Havana) - Captured by Britain at Havana on 14 August 1762, retaining same name, sold 1775
Velasco class all ordered 1762-64 at Cartagena, 68/70 guns
Velasco 68/70 (launched 18 August 1764 at Cartagena) - stricken 4 September 1796
San Genaro 68/70 (launched 23 December 1765 at Cartagena) - transferred to France on 24 July 1801, renamed Ulysse, later renamed Tourville, stricken 1822
Santa Isabel 70 (launched 30 April 1767 at Cartagena) - BU 1803
San Vicente Ferrer Class 80 guns.
San Vicente Ferrer 80 (launched 23 April 1768 at Cartagena) - Scuttled 16 February 1797
San Nicolás Bari 80 (launched 5 April 1769 at Cartagena) - Captured by Britain at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 14 February 1797, renamed HMS San Nicholas, sold 1814
San Rafael 80 (-) - Destroyed by fire on stocks at Havana 1769
San Carlos class. Built (all at Havana) as 80-gun warships, with a length of 197 Burgos feet (180 British feet), these ships were later reconstructed as 94-gun warships, (and in the case of the San Carlos, subsequently rebuilt as a three-decker of 112 guns.
San Carlos 80 (launched 30 April 1765) - Converted to 112-gun three-decker in 1801, BU 1819
San Fernando 80 (launched 29 July 1765) - Stricken 8 October 1813 and sold 1815
San Luis 80 (launched 30 September 1767) - Stricken 4 August 1789 and BU
América (or Santiago) 64 (launched 7 August 1766 at Havana) - BU 1823
San Juan Nepomuceno class all ordered 1763-67 at Guarnizo, 70 guns
Miño 54 (launched 1 February 1779 at Ferrol) - BU 1814
Castilla (or San Félix) 64 (launched 1 February 1779 at Ferrol) - Aground in storm & burnt by the French 1810
San Justo 74 (launched 11 November 1779 at Cartagena) - BU 1824 or 1828
Santo Domingo Class 60 guns
Santo Domingo 60 (launched 26 January 1781 at Ferrol) - BU 1807
San Felipe Apostol 60 (launched 22 June 1781 at Ferrol) - Sold to the Netherlands on 8 July 1794, renamed Overijssel, captured by Britain 1795, retaining same name, sold 1822
San Julián 60 (launched 31 August 1781 at Cartagena) - BU 1830
San Fermín 74 (launched 29 March 1782 at Pasajes) - BU 1808
San Sebastián 74 (launched 1783 at Pasajes) - transferred to France in May 1799, renamed Alliance, stricken 1807
[Note that the Guipuzcoano 64 - captured by the United Kingdom in 1780 and renamed Prince William - was a private ship of the Real Compañía Guipuzcoana de Caracas, and was not part of the Spanish Navy.]
The Period of Spanish Consolidation - 1782 to 1807
Santa Ana class (also called los Meregildos)
Santa Ana 112 (launched 29 September 1784 at Ferrol) - Stricken 1812
Mejicano (San Hipólito) 112 (launched 20 January 1786 at Havana) - Stricken 8 October 1813 and sold 1815
Conde de Regla 112 (launched 4 November 1786 at Havana) - Stricken 14 July 1810 and BU 1811
Montañés class. The first of these ships was ordered at Ferrol in September 1791, two more in late 1792 and a fourth in late 1795. Although the first two of these ships were rated at 74 guns and the other two at 80 guns, all four were built to the same design (by Julian Retamosa) and each actually carried 80 guns.
Neptuno 80 (1803, ex-French Neptune, captured 1808 at Cadiz) - BU 1820
Plutón 74 (1805, ex-French Pluton, captured 1808 at Cadiz) - Renamed Montañés, BU 1816
Emprendedor 86 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
Tridente 76 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
Real Familia 114 (-) - BU 1808 or later (never completed)
The Final phase - 1808 to 1854
Spain completed no further ships of the line after 1796 for more than half a century, although three ships were under construction in Ferrol and Havana at the time of the French occupation (work on them ceased and they were all broken up on the stocks), and five 74-gun ships were acquired from Russia in February 1818, although these were in poor condition and were quickly taken to pieces without seeing any service. Finally, two 86-gun ships were ordered in 1850 and laid down on 19 November and 2 December 1850 respectively.
Velasco 74 (launched 1810 at St Petersburg, ex-Russian Tri Sviatitelei, sold to Spain 1818) - Stricken 1821
Fernando VII 74 (launched 1812 at St Petersburg, ex-Russian Neptunus, sold to Spain 1818) - Stricken 1823
España 74 (launched 1811 at Arkhangelsk, ex-Russian Nord-Adler, sold to Spain 1818) - Stricken 1821
Alejandro I 74 (launched 1813 at Arkhangelsk, ex-Russian Drezden, sold to Spain 1818) - Stricken 1823
Numancia 74 (launched 1813 at Arkhangelsk, ex-Russian Liubek, sold to Spain 1818) - BU 1823
Reina Doña Isabel II 86 (launched 13 October 1852 at Carraca) - stricken 18 July 1867 but still extant 1885, BU
Rey Don Francisco de Asís 86 (launched 18 September 1854 at Ferrol) - Decommissioned 1876, BU
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↑ p208-9, 217-8, Goodwin The Ships of Trafalgar, the British, French and Spanish Fleets October 1805
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