List of states and territories of the United States by population

Last updated

Population by state, including Puerto Rico (2015)

580k-2.8M
2.8M-5.28M
5.28M-8.26M
8.26M-11.6M
11.6M-19.6M
19.6M-26.5M
26.5M-38.4M
38.4M+ United States Map of Population by State (2015).svg
Population by state, including Puerto Rico (2015)
  580k–2.8M
  2.8M–5.28M
  5.28M–8.26M
  8.26M–11.6M
  11.6M–19.6M
  19.6M–26.5M
  26.5M–38.4M
  38.4M+

The states and territories included in the United States Census Bureau's statistics include the fifty states, the District of Columbia and five permanently inhabited unincorporated island territories, including Puerto Rico. [1]

Contents

As of April 1, 2010, the date of the 2010 United States Census, the 9 most populous U.S. states contain slightly more than half of the total population. The 25 least populous states contain less than one-sixth of the total population. California, the most populous state, contains more people than the 21 least populous states combined, and Wyoming, the least populous state, has a population less than each of the 31 most populous U.S. cities.

Methodology

Map of population change in U.S. states from April 5, 2010 to July 1, 2017 %25 Population Chnge by state from 2010 - 2017.png
Map of population change in U.S. states from April 5, 2010 to July 1, 2017

The United States Census counts total persons residing in the United States including citizens, non-citizen permanent residents, and non-citizen long-term visitors. [2] Civilian and military federal employees serving abroad and their dependents are counted in their home state. [3]

Electoral apportionment

Based on data from the decennial census, each state is allocated a proportion of the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, although each state is guaranteed a minimum of one seat, regardless of population. This apportionment is based on the proportion of each state's population to that of the fifty states together (without regard to the populations of the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, or the United States Virgin Islands). The Electoral College is the body that, every four years, elects the President and Vice President of the United States. Each state's representation in the Electoral College is equal to that state's total number of members in both houses of the United States Congress. The Twenty-third Amendment to the United States Constitution effectively grants the District of Columbia, which is separate from any state, three votes. More precisely, the district gets as many votes in the Electoral College as it would have if it were a state, with the caveat that the district can have no more votes than the least populous state (which is currently Wyoming). Currently, this caveat is a moot point since the District of Columbia would only be entitled to one member of the House of Representatives if it were a state, and is more populous than only two of the seven states with a single member in the House since 2013. Since the Constitution guarantees every state at least one U.S. Representative and two U.S. Senators, it effectively guarantees every state (and, since the ratification of the 23rd Amendment, the District of Columbia) at least three electoral votes. Thus, the total representation in the Electoral College is 538 members (equal to 100 senators plus 435 representatives, plus 3 members for the District of Columbia). [4]

State rankings

Rank in the fifty states, 2018Rank in states & territories, 2010NamePopulation estimate, July 1, 2018
[5]
Census population, April 1, 2010
[6]
Percent change, 2010–2018
[note 1]
Absolute change, 2010-2018Total seats in the U.S. House of Representatives, 2013–2023Estimated population per electoral vote, 2018
[note 2]
Estimated population per House seat, 2018Census population per House seat, 2010Percent of the total U.S. population, 2018
[note 3]
11Flag of California.svg  California 39,557,04537,254,5236.2%+2,302,52253719,219746,359702,88511.96%
22Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 28,701,84525,145,56114.1%+3,556,28436755,312797,273698,5038.68%
34Flag of Florida.svg  Florida 21,299,32518,801,31013.3%+2,498,01527734,459788,864696,4686.44%
43Flag of New York.svg  New York 19,542,20919,378,1020.8%+164,10727673,869723,786717,7075.91%
56Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 12,807,06012,702,3790.8%+104,68118640,353711,503705,7153.87%
65Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 12,741,08012,830,632-0.7%−89,55218637,054707,838712,8643.85%
77Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 11,689,44211,536,5041.3%+152,93816649,413730,590721,0323.53%
89Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia 10,519,4759,687,6538.6%+831,82214657,467751,391691,9753.18%
910Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina 10,383,6209,535,4838.9%+848,13713692,241798,740733,4983.14%
108Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 9,995,9159,883,6401.1%+112,27514624,735713,994705,9743.02%
1111Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 8,908,5208,791,8941.3%+116,62612636,323742,377732,6582.69%
1212Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 8,517,6858,001,0246.5%+516,66111655,207774,335727,3662.58%
1313Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 7,535,5916,724,54012.1%+811,05110627,966753,559672,4542.28%
1416Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 7,171,6466,392,01712.2%+779,6299651,968796,850710,2242.17%
1514Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 6,902,1496,547,6295.4%+354,5209627,468766,905727,5142.09%
1617Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 6,770,0106,346,1056.7%+423,9059615,455752,223705,1232.05%
1715Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 6,691,8786,483,8023.2%+208,0769608,353743,542720,4222.02%
1818Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 6,126,4525,988,9272.3%+137,5258612,645765,807748,6151.85%
1919Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 6,042,7185,773,5524.7%+269,1668604,272755,340721,6941.83%
2020Flag of Wisconsin.svg  Wisconsin 5,813,5685,686,9862.2%+126,5828581,357726,696710,8731.76%
2122Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado 5,695,5645,029,19613.2%+666,3687632,840813,652720,7041.72%
2221Flag of Minnesota.svg  Minnesota 5,611,1795,303,9255.8%+307,2548561,118701,397662,9911.70%
2324Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 5,084,1274,625,3649.9%+458,7637564,903726,304660,7661.54%
2423Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 4,887,8714,779,7362.3%+108,1357543,097698,267682,8191.48%
2525Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana 4,659,9784,533,3722.8%+126,6066582,497776,663755,5621.41%
2626Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 4,468,4024,339,3673.0%+129,0356558,550744,734723,2281.35%
2727Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 4,190,7133,831,0749.4%+359,6395598,673838,143766,2151.27%
2828Flag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma 3,943,0793,751,3515.1%+191,7285563,297788,616750,2701.19%
2930Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 3,572,6653,574,097-0.04%−1,4325510,381714,533714,8241.08%
3029Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 3,195,1533,725,789-16.6%−530,6361 (non-voting)3,195,1533,725,7890.97%
3135Flag of Utah.svg  Utah 3,161,1052,763,88514.4%+397,2204526,851790,276690,9720.96%
3231Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 3,156,1453,046,3553.6%+109,7904526,024789,036761,7170.95%
3336Flag of Nevada.svg  Nevada 3,034,3922,700,55112.4%+333,8414505,732758,598675,1730.92%
3433Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 3,013,8252,915,9183.4%+97,9074502,304753,456728,9900.91%
3532Flag of Mississippi.svg  Mississippi 2,986,5302,967,2970.6%+19,2334497,755746,633742,0260.90%
3634Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 2,911,5052,853,1182.0%+58,3874485,251727,876713,2800.88%
3737Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 2,095,4282,059,1791.8%+36,2493419,086698,476686,3930.63%
3839Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,929,2681,826,3415.6%+102,9273385,854643,089608,7800.58%
3938Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 1,805,8321,852,994-2.5%−47,1623361,166601,944617,6700.55%
4040Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 1,754,2081,567,58211.9%+186,6262438,552877,104783,8260.53%
4141Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 1,420,4911,360,3014.4%+60,1902355,123710,246680,1510.43%
4243Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 1,356,4581,316,4703.0%+39,9882339,115678,229658,2330.41%
4342Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 1,338,4041,328,3610.8%+10,0432334,601669,202664,1810.40%
4445Flag of Montana.svg  Montana 1,062,305989,4157.4%+72,8901354,1021,062,305989,4170.32%
4544Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 1,057,3151,052,5670.5%+4,7482264,329528,658526,4660.32%
4646Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 967,171897,9347.7%+69,2371322,390967,171897,9360.29%
4747Flag of South Dakota.svg  South Dakota 882,235814,1808.4%+68,0551294,078882,235814,1910.27%
4849Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 760,077672,59113.0%+87,4861253,359760,077672,5910.23%
4948Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 737,438710,2313.8%+27,2071245,813737,438710,2490.22%
5051Flag of Washington, D.C..svg  District of Columbia 702,455601,72316.7%+100,7321 (non-voting)234,1520.21%
5150Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 626,299625,7410.09%+5581208,766626,299625,7450.19%
5252Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 577,737563,6262.5%+14,1111192,579577,737563,7670.17%
5353Flag of Guam.svg  Guam 165,718159,358 [7] 4.0%+6,3601 (non-voting)0.05%
5454Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands 104,914106,405 [8] -1.4%−1,4911 (non-voting)0.03%
5555Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa 55,64155,519 [9] 0.22%+1221 (non-voting)0.02%
5656Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands 55,19453,883 [10] 2.4%+1,3111 (non-voting)0.02%
Contiguous United States 325,009,505306,675,0066.0%+18,334,499432 (+ 1 non-voting)748,977708,28598.05%
The fifty states326,464,979308,143,8155.9%+18,321,164435747,184708,40598.71%
Fifty states + D.C.327,167,434308,745,5386.0%+18,421,896435 (+ 1 non-voting)608,11898.92%
Total U.S. (including D.C. and territories)330,744,054312,846,4925.7%+17,897,562435 (+ 6 non-voting)100.00%
  1. This figure for each state compares to a national increase of 5.97%.
  2. Each state has a number of votes in the Electoral College equal to two more than its number of representatives in the U.S. House, while DC is granted 3 electoral votes. The Electoral College is used to elect the President and Vice President of the United States.
  3. Because of rounding of the individual percentages, the entries in this column may not sum to 100%.

Summary of population by region

Legend
Division totals – 9 divisions for 50 states and District of Columbia
Region totals – 4 regions ( 2 or 3 divisions each)
Individual territories
Total U.S. Territories
50 States + District of Columbia
Divisions & regions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Last col. shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Population of states, territories, divisions and regions
State/federal district/territory/
Division/region
Rank2018
population
Rank2010
population
Rank2000
population
Rank2000-
2010
change
Geographic
sort
Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 156,902,149146,547,629136,349,097433.1%NEng
Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 293,572,665293,574,097293,405,565354.9%NEng
Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 411,356,458421,316,470411,235,786326.5%NEng
Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 421,338,404411,328,361401,274,923394.2%NEng
Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 441,057,315431,052,567431,048,319490.4%NEng
Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 49626,29949625,74149608,827442.8%NEng
        New England 914,853,290914,444,865913,922,51773.8%NEast
Flag of New York.svg  New York 419,542,209319,378,102318,976,457462.1%MAtl
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 512,807,060612,702,379612,281,054413.4%MAtl
Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 118,908,520118,791,89498,414,350374.5%MAtl
        Mid-Atlantic 441,257,789440,872,375439,671,86183.0%NEast
        Northeast 456,111,079455,317,240453,594,37843.2%USA
Flag of Florida.svg  Florida 321,299,325418,801,310415,982,378817.6%SAtl
Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia 810,519,47599,687,653108,186,453718.3%SAtl
Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina 910,383,620109,535,483118,049,313618.5%SAtl
Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 128,517,685128,001,024127,078,5151613.0%SAtl
Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 196,042,718195,773,552195,296,486239.0%SAtl
Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 235,084,127244,625,364264,012,0121015.3%SAtl
Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 381,805,832371,852,994371,808,344452.5%SAtl
Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 45967,17145897,93445783,6001114.6%SAtl
Flag of Washington, D.C..svg  District of Columbia --702,455--601,723--572,059--5.2%SAtl
        South Atlantic 164,619,953159,777,037151,769,160315.5%South
Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 166,770,010176,346,105165,689,2831911.5%ESC
Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 244,887,871234,779,736234,447,100277.5%ESC
Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 264,468,402264,339,367254,041,769287.4%ESC
Flag of Mississippi.svg  Mississippi 342,986,530312,967,297312,844,658384.3%ESC
        East South Central 819,112,813818,432,505817,022,81058.3%South
Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 228,701,845225,145,561220,851,820520.6%WSC
Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana 254,659,978254,533,372224,468,976481.4%WSC
Flag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma 283,943,079283,751,351273,450,654248.7%WSC
Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 333,013,825322,915,918332,673,400229.1%WSC
        West South Central 540,318,727536,346,202531,444,850215.6%South
        South 1124,051,4931114,555,7441100,236,820114.3%USA
Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 612,741,080512,830,632512,419,293423.3%ENC
Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 711,689,442711,536,504711,353,140471.6%ENC
Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 109,995,91589,883,64089,938,44450-0.6%ENC
Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 176,691,878156,483,802146,080,485316.6%ENC
Flag of Wisconsin.svg  Wisconsin 205,813,568205,686,986185,363,675346.0%ENC
        East North Central 346,931,883346,421,564245,155,03792.8%MWest
Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 186,126,452185,988,927175,595,211297.0%WNC
Flag of Minnesota.svg  Minnesota 225,611,179215,303,925214,919,479267.8%WNC
Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 313,156,145303,046,355302,926,324404.1%WNC
Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 352,911,505332,853,118322,688,418336.1%WNC
Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 371,929,268381,826,341381,711,263306.7%WNC
Flag of South Dakota.svg  South Dakota 46882,23546814,18046754,844257.9%WNC
Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 47760,07748672,59147642,200364.7%WNC
        West North Central 721,376,861720,505,437619,237,73966.6%MWest
        Midwest 368,308,744366,927,001264,392,77633.9%USA
Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 147,171,646166,392,017205,130,632224.6%Mtn
Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado 215,695,564225,029,196244,301,261916.9%Mtn
Flag of Utah.svg  Utah 303,161,105342,763,885342,233,169323.8%Mtn
Flag of Nevada.svg  Nevada 323,034,392352,700,551351,998,257135.1%Mtn
Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 362,095,428362,059,179361,819,0461513.2%Mtn
Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 391,754,208391,567,582391,293,953421.1%Mtn
Flag of Montana.svg  Montana 431,062,30544989,41544902,195219.7%Mtn
Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 50577,73750563,62650493,7821214.1%Mtn
        Mountain 624,552,385622,065,451718,172,295121.4%West
Flag of California.svg  California 139,557,045137,253,956133,871,6482010.0%Pac
Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 137,535,591136,724,540155,894,1211314.1%Pac
Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 274,190,713273,831,074283,421,3991812.0%Pac
Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 401,420,491401,360,301421,211,5371712.3%Pac
Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 48737,43847710,23148626,9321413.3%Pac
        Pacific 253,441,278249,880,102345,025,637410.8%West
        West 277,993,663271,945,553363,197,932213.8%USA
Flag of the United States.svg  50 states and District of Columbia --327,167,434--308,745,538--281,421,906--9.7%NAmer
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico 13,195,15313,725,78913,808,6103-2.2%Terr.
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam 2 [note 1] 2159,3582154,80512.9%Terr.
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands 3 [note 1] 3106,4053108,6122-2.0%Terr.
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa 4 [note 1] 455,519557,2914-3.1%Terr.
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands 5 [note 1] 553,883469,2215-22.2%Terr.
        Total Territories -- [note 1] --4,100,954--4,198,539---2.3%USA
  1. 1 2 3 4 5 There is no official population estimate for American Samoa, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and United States Virgin Islands between the decennial censuses.

See also

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References

General
Specific
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  2. "FAQ: Does the Census Bureau collect data on the number of unauthorized migrants?". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 13, 2009.[ permanent dead link ]
  3. "FAQ: Will 2010 Census apportionment population counts also include any Americans overseas". U. S Census Bureau. Retrieved May 13, 2009.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. Office of the Federal Register. "A Procedural Guide to the Electoral College". National Archives and Records Administration. Archived from the original on May 28, 2010. Retrieved August 13, 2010.
  5. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2018" (XLSX). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
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